1. Business and Organization
Crown Media Holdings, Inc. (Crown Media Holdings or the Company), through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Crown Media United States owns and operates pay television channels (collectively the Channels or the channels) dedicated to high quality, entertainment programming for adults and families, in the United States. As of June 29, 2010, following the recapitalization of the Company as described below, the significant investor in the Company is H C Crown, LLC (HCC), a subsidiary of Hallmark Cards, Incorporated (Hallmark Cards).
The Companys continuing operations are currently organized into one operating segment, the channels.
As of June 30, 2011, the Company had $7.1 million in cash and cash equivalents on hand. Also available to the Company through July 14, 2011, was the full $30.0 million bank credit facility. Day-to-day cash disbursement requirements have typically been satisfied with cash on hand and operating cash receipts supplemented with the borrowing capacity available under the bank credit facility and, prior to a series of recapitalization transactions consummated June 29, 2010 (the Recapitalization), forbearance by Hallmark Cards and its affiliates.
On July 14, 2011 the Company used the concurrent proceeds from a new $210.0 million senior secured term loan (the Term Loan) and $300.0 million of senior unsecured notes (the Notes) to repay the Term A Loan and the Term B Loan and redeem all of the outstanding Preferred Stock (collectively, the 2011 Refinancing). All of these instruments are described further below. In particular, see Subsequent Events for descriptions of the $210.0 million Term Loan, the $300.0 million Notes, the new $30.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility and the Registration Rights Agreement.
The Companys management anticipates that the principal uses of cash during the twelve month period ending June 30, 2012 will include the payment of operating expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses, programming costs, residuals and participations of $8.0 million, interest and mandatory principal payments under the credit facility of $25.0 million to $30.0 million, and additional principal payments made from excess cash flows as defined, and due, under the credit facility. The Company also paid approximately $1.0 million for cash dividends on Preferred Stock through July 14, 2011. The Company believes that cash on hand, cash generated by operations, and borrowing availability under its bank credit facility, will be sufficient to fund the Companys operations and enable the Company to meet its liquidity needs through June 30, 2012.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates
Interim Financial Statements
In the opinion of management, the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets and related interim condensed consolidated statements of operations and cash flows include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring items necessary for their fair presentation in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the notes to those statements, included in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.
Basis of Presentation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Crown Media Holdings and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles requires the consideration of events or transactions that occur after the balance sheet date but before the financial statements are issued. Depending on the nature of the subsequent event, financial statement recognition or disclosure of the subsequent event is required.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the accompanying consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions about future events. These estimates and the underlying assumptions affect the amounts of assets and liabilities reported, disclosures about contingent assets and liabilities, and reported amounts of revenue and expenses. Such estimates include the collectibility of accounts receivable, the valuation of goodwill, intangible assets, and other long-lived assets, legal contingencies, indemnifications, and assumptions used in the calculation of income taxes and valuation allowance, among others. A significant non-recurring use of estimates occurred in the course of recording the Companys June 2010 troubled debt restructuring which required that the Company estimate the fair values of preferred stock and common stock issued in the Recapitalization.
All of the estimates that are employed are based on managements best estimates and judgment. Management evaluates its estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis using historical experience and other factors, including the current economic environment, which management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Management adjusts such estimates and assumptions when facts and circumstances dictate. Illiquid credit markets, volatile equity markets, and declines in consumer spending have combined to increase the uncertainty inherent in such estimates and assumptions. As future events and their effects cannot be determined with precision, actual results could differ significantly from these estimates. Changes, if any, in those estimates resulting from continuing changes in the economic environment will be reflected in the financial statements in future periods.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
The allowance for doubtful accounts is based upon the Companys assessment of probable loss related to uncollectible accounts receivable. The Company uses a number of factors in determining the allowance, including, among other things, collection trends. The Companys bad debt expense was $6,000 and $129,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively. The Companys bad debt expense was $32,000 and $301,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (the ASC) Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, provides guidance which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and specifies disclosures about fair value measurements. We determine fair value as an exit price, representing the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants.
The Company does not have balance sheet items carried at fair value on a recurring basis. Significant balance sheet items which are subject to non-recurring fair value measurements consist of impairment valuations of goodwill and property and equipment. In the course of recording the Companys June 2010 troubled debt restructuring, the Company estimated the fair values of its preferred and common stock issued in the Recapitalization. The standard did not have a significant impact on the determination of fair value related to non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities in 2011.
Net Income (Loss) per Share
Basic net income (loss) per share for each period is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income (loss) per share for each period is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares plus potentially dilutive common shares outstanding except whenever any such effect would be antidilutive. Potential common shares consist of incremental common shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options and common shares issuable upon conversion of the preferred stock.
Net income attributable to common stockholders for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, reflects allocations in favor of preferred stockholders for (i) imputed preferred stock dividends for financial reporting purposes of $839,000 and $1.6 million, (ii) cumulative preferred stock dividends of $6.4 million and $12.8 million, and (iii) the potential participation in common stock dividends (equivalent to approximately 71.2 million shares of common stock) of $2.4 million and $11.8 million. Such considerations were not applicable to the three and six months ended June 30, 2010. Approximately 39,000 and 50,000 stock options for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, and approximately 73,000 and 80,000 stock options for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively, have been excluded from the determination of diluted net income or loss per share because the individual effect in each instance was antidilutive.
Concentration of Risk
Financial instruments, which potentially subject Crown Media Holdings to a concentration of credit risk, consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents and accounts receivable. Generally, Crown Media Holdings does not require collateral to secure receivables. Crown Media Holdings has no significant off-balance sheet financial instruments with risk of accounting losses.
Four and five of our distributors each accounted for more than 10% of our consolidated subscriber revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively, and together accounted for a total of 63% and 83% of consolidated subscriber revenue during the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively. Three of our distributors each accounted for approximately 15% or more of our consolidated subscribers for both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively, and together accounted for 60% of our subscribers during both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively.
Four of our distributors each accounted for more than 10% of our consolidated subscriber revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively, and together accounted for a total of 64% and 74% of consolidated subscriber revenue during the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively. Three of our distributors each accounted for approximately 15% or more of our consolidated subscribers for both the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively, and together accounted for 60% of our subscribers during both the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively.
Four and three of our programming content providers each accounted for more than 10% of our total license fees payable for both the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, and together accounted for a total of 71% and 57% of the consolidated programming liability, respectively.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In October 2009, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update, 2009-13, Revenue Recognition (ASC Topic 605): Multiple Deliverable Revenue Arrangements A Consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force. This update provides application guidance on whether multiple deliverables exist, how the deliverables should be separated and how the consideration should be allocated to one or more units of accounting. This update establishes a selling price hierarchy for determining the selling price of a deliverable. The selling price used for each deliverable will be based on vendor-specific objective evidence, if available, third-party evidence if vendor-specific objective evidence is not available, or estimated selling price if neither vendor-specific nor third-party evidence is available. The adoption of this guidance on January 1, 2011, did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In January 2010, the FASB issued guidance that requires reporting entities to make new disclosures about recurring or nonrecurring fair-value measurements including significant transfers into and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements and information on purchases, sales, issuances, and settlements on a gross basis in the reconciliation of Level 3 fair value measurements. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
On January 1, 2011, the Company adopted changes issued by the FASB regarding the testing of goodwill for impairment. These changes require an entity to perform all steps in the test for a reporting unit whose carrying value is zero or negative if it is more likely than not (more than 50%) that a goodwill impairment exists based on qualitative factors. This will result in the elimination of an entitys ability to assert that such a reporting units goodwill is not impaired and additional testing is not necessary despite the existence of qualitative factors that indicate otherwise. Based on the most recent impairment review of the Companys goodwill (November 2010), the adoption of these changes had no impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In May 2011, the FASB issued amendments to disclosure requirements for common fair value measurement. These amendments, effective for the interim and annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2011 (early adoption is prohibited), result in a common definition of fair value and common requirements for measurement of and disclosure requirements between U.S. GAAP and IFRS. Consequently, the amendments change some fair value measurement principles and disclosure requirements. The implementation of this amended accounting guidance is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.
In June 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income. ASU No. 2011-05 requires that all nonowner changes in stockholders equity be presented either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements, eliminating the option to present other comprehensive income in the statement of changes in equity. Under either choice, items that are reclassified from other comprehensive income to net income are required to be presented on the face of the financial statements where the components of net income and the components of other comprehensive income are presented. This amendment is effective for the Company in 2012 and will be applied retrospectively. This amendment will not change the manner in which the Company presents comprehensive income.
3. Program License Fees
Program license fees are comprised of the following:
License fees payable are comprised of the following:
In the regular course of evaluating the remaining usefulness of its various program licenses, the Company may determine that certain licenses may be of little future program value to it. In such instances, the Company shortens the estimated remaining lives to zero, thereby accelerating amortization of the remaining net book value. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, such changes in estimates resulted in additional amortization of program license fees of $0 and $227,000, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, such changes in estimates resulted in additional amortization of program license fees of $600,000.
Under certain license agreements with RHI Entertainment Distribution, LLC (RHIED) the Company is obligated to pay $5.3 million through December 1, 2013. In connection with its reorganization in bankruptcy, RHIED assigned its right to receive these license payments to Hallmark Cards. During the six months ended June 30, 2011, the Company reclassified $2.5 million from license fees payable (to non-affiliates) to payables to Hallmark Cards affiliates. During the same period the Company remitted payment of $1.3 million to Hallmark Cards. Therefore, at June 30, 2011, the payable to Hallmark Cards affiliates includes $1.2 million related to this assignment. The remaining $2.8 million relates to license periods that have not commenced as of June 30, 2011; accordingly, such amount is not reflected in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet. See Commitments and Contingencies below.
4. Revolving Credit Facilities
In connection with the Recapitalization, the Company entered into Amendment No. 17 to the Companys amended credit agreement with JP Morgan Chase Bank, effective June 29, 2010. Amendment No. 17, among other things, extended the maturity date of the credit facility to June 30, 2011.
Amendment No. 17 terminated the Hallmark Cards Subordination and Support Agreement. The Hallmark Cards Facility Guarantee remained in place. A related intercreditor agreement among HCC, JP Morgan Chase Bank and the Company, among other things, defined the lien priorities and allowed for payments to HCC pursuant to the Recapitalization. The credit facility was guaranteed by Hallmark Cards and the Companys subsidiaries and was secured by all tangible and intangible assets of the Company and its subsidiaries. Interest under the credit facility was equal to the LIBOR Rate plus 2.25% in the case of a Eurodollar Loan and the Alternate Base Rate plus 1.25% in the case of an Alternate Base Rate Loan (with each named rate and loan as defined in Amendment No. 17). The Companys ability to borrow additional amounts under the credit facility was not otherwise limited or restricted.
On June 29, 2011, the Company entered into Amendment No. 18, which extended the maturity date of the credit facility to the earlier to occur of (i) July 29, 2011 or (ii) the date of the execution of definitive documentation with respect to any Indebtedness of the type contemplated by Exhibit 99.1 of Crown Media Holdings 8-K dated June 20, 2011 that was filed with the SEC on June 21, 2011.
In connection with the 2011 Refinancing, the Company obtained a new credit agreement comprising the Term Loan and a new senior revolving credit facility that will expire on July 14, 2016. See the Subsequent Events footnote below.
The credit facility, as amended, contained a number of affirmative and negative covenants. The Company was in compliance with these covenants as of June 30, 2011.
At December 31, 2010, and June 30, 2011, the Company did not have outstanding borrowings under the credit facility and there were no letters of credit outstanding. Interest expense on borrowings under the credit facility for both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, was $0. Interest expense on borrowings under the credit facility for each of the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, was $4,000 and $0, respectively.
5. Related Party Long-Term Obligations
Related Party Long-Term Obligations
Without giving effect to the 2011 Refinancing, the aggregate maturities of related party long-term debt and future interest (assuming no utilization of the payment-in-kind options) for each of the five years subsequent to June 30, 2011, were as follows:
The Company paid principal of $7.2 million and interest of $603,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2011, on the Term A and Term B Loans. The Company paid principal of $23.6 million and interest of $1.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011, on the Term A and Term B Loans. The Company paid principal of $67,000 and interest of $21,000 during both the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, on the Term A and Term B Loans.
After giving effect to the 2011 Refinancing, the aggregate maturities of long-term debt including future interest for each of the five years subsequent to June 30, 2011, would be as follows:
Senior Secured Note
In August 2003, the Company issued a senior note to HCC for $400.0 million. Cash payments for interest were not required from inception through June 29, 2010. The principal amount of the senior secured note accreted at 10.25% per annum, compounding semi-annually, to June 29, 2010. The Companys obligations under this note, including $797.4 million of principal and accrued interest, were terminated in connection with the Recapitalization.
Notes and Interest Payable to HCC
On December 14, 2001, the Company executed a $75.0 million promissory note with HCC. Interest was payable in cash, quarterly in arrears five days after the end of each calendar quarter. During 2010 the Company paid $4.3 million for interest. The Companys obligations under this note, including $108.6 million of principal, were terminated in connection with the Recapitalization.
On October 1, 2005, the Company converted approximately $132.8 million of its license fees payable to a Hallmark Cards affiliate to a promissory note subsequently transferred to HCC. During 2010 the Company paid $6.8 million for interest. The Companys obligations under this note, including $170.1 million of principal, were terminated in connection with the Recapitalization.
On March 21, 2006, the Company converted approximately $70.4 million of its payable to a Hallmark Cards affiliate to a promissory note subsequently transferred to HCC. During 2010 the Company paid $2.5 million for interest. The Companys obligations under this note, including $62.0 million of principal, were terminated in connection with the Recapitalization.
Hallmark Guarantee; Interest and Fee Reductions
Hallmark Cards unconditionally guaranteed the Companys obligations to JPMorgan Chase Bank under the credit facility that expired on July 14, 2011. This credit support provided by Hallmark Cards resulted in reductions in the interest rate and commitment fees under the credit facility through July 14, 2011; however, the Company agreed to pay and has paid an amount equal to the reductions in the interest rate and commitment fees to Hallmark Cards. The Company paid Hallmark Cards a reduction amount of the interest rate and commitment fees equal to 0.75% and 0.125%, respectively. Interest expense to HCC in connection with the JPMorgan Chase Bank credit facility was $0 for both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011. Interest expense to HCC in connection with the JPMorgan Chase Bank credit facility was $1,000 and $0 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively. Commitment fee expense for both the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, was $10,000. Commitment fee expense for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, was $22,000 and $19,000, respectively.
6. Related Party Transactions
Tax Sharing Agreement
On March 11, 2003, the Company became a member of Hallmark Cards consolidated federal tax group and entered into a federal tax sharing agreement with Hallmark Cards (the federal tax sharing agreement). Hallmark Cards includes the Company in its consolidated federal income tax return. Accordingly, Hallmark Cards has benefited from subsequent tax losses and may benefit from future federal tax losses, which may be generated by the Company. Based on the original federal tax sharing agreement, Hallmark Cards agreed to pay the Company all of the benefits realized by Hallmark Cards as a result of including the Company in its consolidated income tax return. Also, taxable income recognized by the Company that is included in the Hallmark Cards consolidated tax return will result in a payment by the Company to Hallmark Cards.
On a quarterly basis through December 31, 2009, Hallmark Cards paid the Company cash for 75% of the estimated benefit from losses with the balance applied as an offset against other amounts owed by the Company to any member of the Hallmark Cards consolidated group under any loan, line of credit or other payable, subject to limitations under any loan indentures or contracts restricting such offsets. As part of the Recapitalization, the federal tax sharing agreement was amended to provide that 100% of any such benefit will be deferred for application against future tax liabilities of the Company. Pursuant to the August 2003 amendment to the federal tax sharing agreement, the benefit that would otherwise have resulted from interest accrued on the 10.25% senior secured note was not available to the Company until such interest was paid in cash. As a result of the Recapitalization, such interest accrued from January 1, 2010, through June 29, 2010, was treated as a deduction under the amended federal tax sharing agreement.
At December 31, 2009, the Company owed Hallmark Cards $8.5 million under the federal tax sharing agreement for 2009. The liability was satisfied on June 29, 2010, in connection with the Recapitalization. For the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company owed Hallmark Cards $12.9 million for tax as calculated pursuant to the amended federal tax sharing agreement and this amount was paid to Hallmark Cards in December 2010. The Company owed Hallmark Cards $5.1 million under the federal tax sharing agreement for the first quarter of 2011 which was paid in April 2011. The Company owes Hallmark Cards $5.4 million under the federal tax sharing agreement for the second quarter of 2011 which was paid in July 2011.
Since May 9, 2000, the Company has been included in certain combined state income tax returns of Hallmark Cards or Hallmark Entertainment Holdings. Consequently, Hallmark Entertainment Holdings and the Company entered into a state tax sharing agreement. Under the state tax sharing agreement, Hallmark Entertainment Holdings and the Company file consolidated, combined or unitary state tax returns. The Company makes tax-sharing payments to (or receives payments from) Hallmark Entertainment Holdings equal to the taxes (or tax refunds) that the Company would pay (or receive) if it filed on a stand-alone basis. Such payments are computed based on the Companys taxable income (loss) and other tax items beginning the day following the May 9, 2000, reorganization. Hallmark Cards has agreed to waive the state tax liability associated with the 2010 cancellation of debt income in those states in which Hallmark Cards files a combined return. Accordingly, the Company has reduced the liability for the state taxes and credited paid-in capital for that amount. As of June 30, 2011, it is estimated that the Company will owe Hallmark Cards approximately $988,000 with respect to the state tax sharing payments relating to 2010 and 2011. This amount will be payable two days prior to the due date of the state tax returns.
Any payments received from Hallmark Cards or credited against amounts owed by the Company to any member of the Hallmark Cards consolidated group under the tax sharing agreements have been recorded as additions to paid-in capital in the accompanying consolidated statements of stockholders deficit. Any amounts owed or payments made to Hallmark Cards or to any member of the Hallmark Cards consolidated group under the tax sharing agreement in excess of current tax expense have been recorded as reductions to paid-in capital.
Release of Valuation Allowance
The Company had established a deferred tax asset of $610.2 million as of December 31, 2010, and had recorded a full valuation allowance against it. After evaluating positive and negative evidence available as of the reporting date, including recent earnings history, the Company has determined that it is more likely than not that it will utilize a portion of its tax loss carry forwards, as if separate returns were filed. Consistent with ASC 740 Income Taxes, the following sources of taxable income may be available under the tax law to realize a portion or all of a tax benefit for deductible temporary differences and carry forwards:
· Future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences
· Taxable income in prior carry back year(s) if carry back is permitted under the tax law
· Tax planning strategies
· Future taxable income exclusive of reversing temporary differences and carry forwards
The Company has released a portion of its valuation allowance and has recognized an unreserved deferred tax asset of approximately $44.2 million on its balance sheet as of June 30, 2011. This also results in a non-cash reduction in income tax expense.
In accordance with ASC 740, the Company recorded $44.2 million of tax benefit for the portion of the change in valuation allowance arising from expected realization of deferred tax assets in future years as a discrete item in the first quarter of 2011. The tax benefit for the portion of the change in valuation allowance arising from income in the current year is included in the Companys computation of the estimated annual effective tax rate for the year, and, therefore, will reduce the tax expense the Company otherwise would have recorded for the remainder of 2011 absent any beginning of year valuation allowance.
The Company will continue to evaluate the available positive and negative evidence available in subsequent periods and adjust its remaining valuation allowance to an amount it determines to be more likely than not to be realized.
Services Agreement with Hallmark Cards
Hallmark Cards provides Crown Media Holdings with tax, risk management, health safety, environmental, insurance, legal, treasury, human resources, cash management and real estate consulting services. In exchange, the Company is obligated to pay Hallmark Cards a fee, plus out-of-pocket expenses and third party fees, in arrears on the last business day of each quarter. Fees for Hallmark Cards services were $387,000 for full year ending December 31, 2010, and are expected to be $448,000 for the full year ending December 31, 2011.
At December 31, 2010, and June 30, 2011, the Companys payables to Hallmark Cards affiliates on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets were $1.0 million and $7.7 million, respectively. The December 31, 2010, balance was comprised of $757,000 of state taxes due under the state tax sharing agreement and $248,000 of non-interest bearing unpaid accrued service fees and unreimbursed expenses. The June 30, 2011, balance was comprised of $5.4 million of federal taxes due in July 2011 and $988,000 of state taxes due under the federal and state tax sharing agreements, $1.2 million of assigned license payments, and $30,000 of non-interest bearing unpaid accrued service fees and unreimbursed expenses. The $15.2 million outstanding at December 31, 2009, was satisfied on June 29, 2010, in connection with the Recapitalization.
Hallmark Hall of Fame
On July 6, 2011, the Company entered into an agreement with Hallmark Cards for six new Hallmark Hall of Fame two-hour movies to be produced by Hallmark Cards over a two-year license term. The Company has the right to broadcast each movie four times during a period which begins seven days after and ends 14 days after the initial broadcast of each movie on the ABC Network. The Company will retain over nine minutes of commercial time within or adjacent to the running time of each movie and such time will either be used for promos or sales to advertisers who sell products compatible with the Hallmark image. All other commercial time will be for Hallmark Cards and Hallmark-branded commercials. Hallmark Cards has agreed to pay the Company $3.4 million during the two-year period. The program license agreement described herein will have no effect on the Hallmark Hall of Fame program license agreement which the Company entered into with Hallmark Cards in 2008.
9. Fair Value
The following table presents the carrying amounts and estimated fair values of the Companys notes payable to HCC and redeemable preferred stock at December 31, 2010 and June 30, 2011. See Note 11 Subsequent Events to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for a discussion of the Companys termination of the notes payable to HCC and redemption of the preferred stock.
ASC Topic 820 Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures defines fair value of a liability as the price that would be paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Estimates of the fair value of certain of the Companys financial instruments are presented in the table above. As a result of recent market conditions, the Companys debt obligations with HCC have limited or no observable market data available. Fair value measurements for these instruments are included in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy of ASC Topic 820. These fair value measurements are based primarily upon the Companys own estimates and are often based on its current pricing policy, the current economic and competitive environment, the characteristics of the instrument, credit and interest rate risks, and other such factors. Therefore, the results cannot be determined with precision, cannot be substantiated by comparison to quoted prices in active markets, and may not be realized in an immediate settlement of the liability. Additionally, there are inherent uncertainties in any fair value measurement technique, and changes in the underlying assumptions used, including discount rates, liquidity risks, and estimates of future cash flows, could significantly affect the fair value measurement amounts.
The carrying amounts shown in the table are included on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets under the indicated captions. The Company estimates the fair value of its debt to HCC on a quarterly basis. The majority of the Companys debt has been transacted with HCC.
Accounts payable and receivable are carried at reasonable estimates of their fair values because of the short-term nature of these instruments. Interest rates on borrowings under the bank credit facility are for relatively short periods and variable. Therefore, the fair value of this debt is not significantly affected by fluctuations in interest rates. The credit spread on the debt is fixed, but the market rate will fluctuate.
10. Commitments and Contingencies
From time to time, the Company and/or various officers and directors may be named as defendants in legal actions involving various claims incident to the conduct of its business. Whenever the Company concludes that an adverse outcome in any such action is probable and a loss amount can reasonably be estimated, the Company records such loss amount. Related legal costs, net of anticipated insurance reimbursements, are expensed as incurred.
A lawsuit was brought in July 2009 in the Delaware Court of Chancery against the Companys Board of Directors, Hallmark Cards, Incorporated and its affiliates, as well as the Company as a nominal defendant, by S. Muoio & Co. LLC (Muoio), a minority stockholder of the Company, regarding a recapitalization proposal which the Company received from Hallmark Cards in May 2009. The lawsuit alleged, among other things, that the recapitalization was for an unfair price and undervalued the Company. The complaint requested the court enjoin the defendants from consummating the recapitalization transactions and award plaintiff fees and expenses incurred in bringing the lawsuit. Following the execution by the Company of the Recapitalization agreements, on March 11, 2010, the plaintiff filed an amended complaint raising similar allegations and seeking rescission of the Recapitalization. The Recapitalization was consummated on June 29, 2010.
A trial took place in September 2010. On March 9, 2011, the Delaware Court of Chancery concluded that the process and the price of the Recapitalization were entirely fair and entered a final judgment order in favor of the defendants on all claims and dismissed the lawsuit with prejudice. On April 7, 2011, Muoio filed notice of appeal. Muoios initial brief was filed on May 23, 2011, and the Company and the other appellees responded on June 22, 2011. Notwithstanding the favorable trial court ruling, at this time the Company cannot predict the eventual outcome of the appeal process.
Approximately $2.1 million has been recorded in accounts receivable and approximately $434,000 in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the accompanying balance sheet at December 31, 2010, related to litigation costs to be reimbursed by the insurance company. Approximately $2.0 million has been recorded in accounts receivable and approximately $214,000 in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the accompanying balance sheet at June 30, 2011, related to amounts to be reimbursed by the insurance company.
As discussed further under Program License Fees, RHIED assigned to Hallmark Cards its right to receive $5.3 million in program license fees from the Company. The assignment relates to a 2002 guarantee issued by Hallmark Entertainment Holdings, Inc. (HEH) to an unaffiliated movie production company on behalf of RHIED. At that time, HEH was a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hallmark Cards and an intermediate parent of the Company. Also at that time, RHIED was a wholly-owned subsidiary of HEH; it ceased to be affiliated with Hallmark Cards in January 2006. As part of the Recapitalization, HEH was merged with the Company. In August 2010 the unaffiliated production company made demand of the Company for payment of amounts owed by RHIED. Hallmark Cards subsequently assumed defense of the claim and fully indemnified the Company. On December 10, 2010, RHIED filed for reorganization in bankruptcy. Pursuant to a settlement and release agreement among the unaffiliated production company, RHIED, Hallmark Cards and the Company, the Companys obligation under the guarantee was extinguished. The settlement and release agreement was approved by the bankruptcy court on February 17, 2011 and became final and non-appealable on March 3, 2011.
Indemnifications of Third Parties for Residuals and Participations Liabilities
In December 2006, the Company sold its film library consisting of domestic rights and certain international ancillary rights to approximately 620 television movies, mini-series and series (the Crown Library) to RHI Entertainment LLC, an affiliate of RHIED (RHI). As a condition of the sale, the Company agreed to pay up to $22.5 million for residuals and profit participations related to RHIs domestic exploitation of the Crown Library for a ten-year period ending December 14, 2016. The Company estimated the fair value of this obligation to be approximately $10.6 million at December 15, 2006, assuming the maximum payout. From time-to-time the Company reviews its estimate of the timing and amount of the otherwise unscheduled payments. At June 30, 2011, the Company has estimated the accreted and adjusted accrued liability to be $12.7 million. Along with RHIED, RHI filed for reorganization in bankruptcy in December 2010. Pursuant to RHIs court-approved plan of reorganization, the Company is obligated to make the following payments on behalf of RHI to certain creditors of RHI: $2.5 million on May 1, 2011; and approximately $8.0 million on July 5, 2011. The Company paid $2.6 million in May 2011 and expects to pay the remaining amount due prior to December 31, 2011. The remainder of the estimated liability is classified as other than current.
In April 2005 the Company sold its international business including the international rights to its film library. As a condition of the sale, the Company agreed to pay an otherwise unlimited amount for residuals and participations related to the purchasers exploitation of the film assets for a ten-year period ending April 25, 2015. The Company estimated the fair value of this obligation to be approximately $4.5 million at April 26, 2005. From time-to-time the Company reviews its estimate of the timing and amount of the otherwise unscheduled payments. At June 30, 2011, the Company has estimated the accreted and adjusted accrued liability to be $436,000, $277,000 of which is classified as current.
11. Subsequent Events
On July 14, 2011, as part of the 2011 Refinancing, the Company issued $300.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 10.5% Senior Notes, at par, due July 15, 2019 (the Notes) in a private placement conducted pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the Securities Act). The Notes are guaranteed on a senior basis by each of Crown Media Holdings subsidiaries (the Guarantors).
Interest is payable each January 15th and July 15th, commencing January 15, 2012. The Company is not required to make mandatory sinking fund payments with respect to the Notes.
The covenants in the related indenture limit the ability of the Company to, among other things: (1) incur additional debt; (2) pay dividends or make other restricted payments; (3) purchase, redeem or retire capital stock or subordinated debt; (4) make asset sales, including by way of sale leaseback transactions; (5) provide subsidiary guarantees; (6) enter into transactions with affiliates; (7) incur liens; (8) make investments; and (9) merge or consolidate with any other person.
During any period in which the Notes have an investment grade rating from both Moodys and S&P (at least Baa3 by Moodys and BBB- by S&P), and no default has occurred and is continuing under the Indenture, Crown Media Holdings and its restricted subsidiaries will not be required to comply with the covenants in the Indenture that limit their ability to: (1) incur additional debt; (2) pay dividends or make other restricted payments; (3) purchase, redeem or retire capital stock or subordinated debt; (4) make asset sales; (5) provide subsidiary guarantees; and (6) enter into transactions with affiliates.
Registration Rights Agreement
The holders of the Notes are entitled to the benefits of a Registration Rights Agreement dated July 14, 2011 (the Registration Rights Agreement), by and among Crown Media Holdings, the Guarantors and the initial purchaser. Pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement, Crown Media Holdings and the Guarantors have agreed to file a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission for an offer to exchange the Notes for a new issuance of substantially identical notes issued under the Securities Act and to use their commercially reasonable efforts to cause the registration statement to be declared effective on or before April 10, 2012. The Company may be required to provide a shelf registration statement to cover resales of the Notes under certain circumstances. If Crown Media Holdings fails to satisfy certain obligations under the Registration Rights Agreement, then additional interest may accrue on the principal amount of the Notes that are registrable securities at a rate of 0.25% per annum (which rate will be increased by an additional 0.25% per annum for each subsequent 90-day period that such additional interest continues to accrue, provided that the rate at which such additional interest accrues may in no event exceed 1.0% per annum). The additional interest will cease to accrue when the registration default is cured.
Also, on July 14, 2011, in connection with the 2011 Refinancing, the Company entered into a new $240.0 million Credit Agreement (the Credit Agreement) with the lenders party thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as Administrative Agent (the Administrative Agent). The Credit Agreement provides for a seven year $210.0 million senior secured term loan facility (the Term Loan) and a five year $30.0 million senior secured super-priority revolving credit facility.
The Term Loan can be drawn at LIBOR or ABR at the companys election. All LIBOR term loans will bear interest at the LIBOR Rate (with that rate not to be deemed to be below 1.25%), plus 4.50 %. All ABR term loans will bear interest at the base rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement), plus 3.50%. All LIBOR revolving loans will bear interest at the LIBOR Rate, plus 3.50%. All ABR revolving loans will bear interest at the base rate, plus 2.50%. Any swingline loans will bear interest at the base rate plus 2.50%.
Commitment fees on the revolving credit facility are payable on the unused revolving credit commitment at the rate of 0.50% per annum.
The provisions of the Term Loan require Crown Media Holdings to make principal payments of $525,000 at each quarters end, commencing September 30, 2011, until maturity on July 14, 2018. The company is required to make additional principal payments in amounts equal to (1) 50% of excess cash flow (as defined in the Credit Agreement) of Crown Media Holdings for the remainder of 2011, and each year thereafter, which percentage will be reduced to 25% if the Consolidated Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement) is equal to or less than 4.25 to 1 but greater than 3.25 to 1, and 0% if the Consolidated Leverage ratio is equal to or less than 3.25 to 1, respectively; (2) 100% of net cash proceeds of dispositions or casualty events if Crown Media Holdings has not invested such proceeds within one year after the occurrence of the disposition or casualty event; and (3) 100% of net cash proceeds from issuance of debt or preferred stock not otherwise permitted by the Credit Agreement.
The covenants in the Credit Agreement limit the ability of Crown Media Holdings and certain of its subsidiaries to: (1) incur indebtedness; (2) create or permit liens on assets; (3) make certain dividends, stock repurchases and redemptions and other restricted payments; (4) make certain investments; (5) prepay indebtedness; (6) enter into certain transactions with Crown Media Holdings affiliates; (7) dispose of substantially all of the assets of Crown Media Holdings; (8) merge or consolidate; (9) enter into new unrelated lines of businesses; and (10) enter into sale and leaseback transactions. The Credit Agreement also requires compliance with a maximum total leverage ratio test and a maximum total secured leverage ratio test, but permits, with certain limitations, certain equity contributions to be made to Crown Media Holdings to enhance its ability to comply with such ratio tests.
The proceeds of the Notes and the Term Loan were used to repay borrowings under Crown Media Holdings existing credit agreement with its affiliate, H C Crown, LLC (HCC), a subsidiary of Hallmark Cards, Inc., and to redeem all of Crown Media Holdings outstanding Series A Preferred Stock, all of which was held by HCC. The revolving credit facility will be used in the future for general corporate purposes.
Redemption of the Series A Preferred Stock
The proceeds of the Notes and extensions of credit under the Credit Agreement were used in part to repay all borrowings under Crown Medias existing credit agreement with HCC and to redeem all of Crown Media Holdings outstanding Series A Preferred Stock, consisting of 185,000 shares held by HCC. The Series A Preferred Stock had cumulative dividends that accrued from and after January 1, 2011 through December 31, 2011 at the rate of 14% per annum of the Original Issue Price. The Original Issue Price was $1,000 per share. Cumulative dividends would have accrued from and after January 1, 2012 at the rate of 16% per annum of the Original Issue Price. Until December 31, 2014, dividends were payable in cash or in additional shares of Series A Preferred Stock, at the option of Crown Media Holdings. After December 31, 2014, dividends on the Preferred Stock would have been payable in cash only.
Extension and Expiration of Revolving Credit Facility
On June 29, 2011, the Companys existing $30.0 million revolving credit facility with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. was amended to provide for a maturity date of the earlier to occur of (i) July 29, 2011 or (ii) the date of the execution of definitive documentation with respect to any Indebtedness of the type contemplated by Exhibit 99.1 of Crown Media Holdings 8-K dated June 20, 2011 that was filed with the SEC on June 21, 2011. In connection with the issuance of the Notes and entry into the Credit Agreement, Crown Media Holdings allowed such credit facility to expire on its own terms on July 14, 2011.
Extension of Licenses
On July 14, 2011, in connection with the 2011 Refinancing, Hallmark Licensing, Inc., an affiliate of Hallmark Cards, Inc., extended two existing trademark licenses with Crown Media United States, for an additional period terminating the earlier of (i) July 14, 2019 and (ii) the later of (x) the expiration or termination of the Credit Agreement and (y) the redemption of all of the Notes, subject to any earlier termination of such license agreements pursuant to the respective terms of such license agreements.
As a result of the June 29, 2010 Recapitalization, HCC owns and has owned approximately 90.3% of the outstanding shares of Crown Media Holdings common stock. Pursuant to a related stockholder agreement, HCC is subject to significant limitations on its rights to dispose of any portion of its holdings or acquire additional shares prior to January 1, 2014.