Annual Report



SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended March 31, 1998 OR
[_] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from  ___________ to __________
Commission file Number  1-11263
                               Exide Corporation
             (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

                Delaware                                       23-0552730
      (State or other jurisdiction of                         (IRS Employer
      incorporation or organization)                       Identification No.)

          1400 N. Woodward Avenue
         Bloomfield Hills, Michigan                               48304
  (Address of principal executive offices)                      (Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (248) 258-0080

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

                                                      Name of each exchange on
    Title of each class                                   which registered
    -------------------                               ------------------------
Common Stock, $.01 par value                          New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes X No .

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X]

. Aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 26, 1998 was approximately $314,000,000.
. 21,345,492 outstanding shares of the Registrant's common stock as of June 26, 1998.

(DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE)

Portions of the Proxy Statement relating to the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held August 12, 1998, are incorporated into Part III of this report.


DRAFT - June 26, 1998 (6:59 pm)


EXIDE CORPORATION

                               TABLE OF CONTENTS



                                                                   Page
                                                                   ----
PART I
 Item 1       Business                                               1
 Item 2       Properties                                            14
 Item 3       Legal Proceedings                                     16
 Item 4       Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders   17

PART II
 Item 5       Market for Registrant's Common Equity and Related
               Stockholder Matters                                  18
 Item 6       Selected Financial Data                               19
 Item 7       Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial
               Condition and Results of Operations                  21
 Item 8       Financial Statements and Supplementary Data           26
 Item 9       Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on
               Accounting and Financial Disclosure                  26

PART III
 Item 10      Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant    26
 Item 11      Executive Compensation                                27
 Item 12      Description of Capital Stock                          27
 Item 13      Certain Relationships and Related Transactions        27

PART IV
 Item 14      Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules and Reports
               on Form 8-K                                          27

SIGNATURES                                                          29

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SCHEDULE            F-1


EXIDE CORPORATION

PART I

Item 1. Business

(a) General Development of Business

The Company is a Delaware corporation organized in 1966 to succeed to the business of a New Jersey corporation founded in 1888. The principal executive offices of the Company are located at 1400 North Woodward Avenue, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 48304, telephone number (248) 258-0080. Principal administrative offices are located at 645 Penn Street, Reading, Pennsylvania 19612-4205.

Exide Corporation (together with its subsidiaries, "Exide" or the "Company") is the leading manufacturer and marketer of starting, lighting and ignition ("SLI") batteries in the world. During 1994 and 1995 through its acquisitions of B.I.G. Batteries Group Limited ("BIG"), Sociedad Espanola del Acumulador Tudor, S.A. ("Tudor") and Compagnie Europeenne d'Accumulateurs S.A. ("CEAc"), as well as its assumption of the customers of Gemala Battery Company Limited ("Gemala Battery"), the Company became Europe's largest producer and marketer of SLI batteries and industrial batteries. In addition, in 1997 Exide also acquired DETA Akkumulatorenwerk GmbH, MAREG Accumulatoren GmbH and FRIWO SILBERKRAFT GmbH, (together "DETA"), three related German companies which produce and market both SLI and industrial batteries.

Rationalization and Consolidation

The Company is continuing to implement a comprehensive overall European rationalization and consolidation strategy with respect to its European businesses, including its acquisition of DETA, effective September 1, 1997. The Company plans to lower fixed and variable production costs through plant closings, thereby increasing capacity utilization at the remaining plants, shifting production to lower cost areas and reducing overhead largely due to headcount reductions. In conjunction with its plant closings, the Company continues to rationalize its distribution system, reducing the number of warehouses and improving its delivery systems. In addition, the Company is rationalizing its product range, significantly reducing the number of stockkeeping units and improving inventory management. The Company anticipates that this consolidation will produce significant cost savings. Exide is also rationalizing its SLI battery brand strategy in Europe and will concentrate its sales and marketing efforts on its strongest brands, including Exide, Tudor, Fulmen, Sonnenschein, Magneti Marelli and Hagen.

At June 30, 1995, the Company had 30 automotive and industrial battery producing plants in Europe. The DETA acquisition added four more manufacturing plants. The Company's strategy is to reduce the number of automotive and industrial plants to fourteen by the year 2000. As of March 31, 1998, fourteen European plants have been closed.

The Company plans to continue rationalizing its manufacturing and production facilities in North America as well. The Company has closed four manufacturing facilities in North America within the last three fiscal years.

1

North America

Exide and its affiliates have the leading market share position in SLI batteries in the United States and Canada, based on information provided by an industry trade association. The Company believes that it is the lowest cost major producer in its North American markets. The Company's brands including among others Exide, Prestolite, Willard, Exide NASCAR Select and Nautilus are well recognized in the marketplace.

The Company has realized significant cost savings through consolidations of operations, particularly after it doubled its size by acquiring General Battery Corporation in 1987, the installation of more efficient equipment and processes and continued vertical integration. The Company's relatively high level of vertical integration, through lead smelting, plastics reprocessing and separator production, reduces the effects on Exide of changes in the market prices of raw materials and can result in substantial raw material cost savings. In February 1998, the Company acquired Refined Metals Corporation, a U.S. company that operates two secondary lead smelters. Exide continues to increase production at its Bristol, Tennessee battery manufacturing facility, which the Company intends to be similar to its Salina, Kansas plant, which the Company believes is the highest volume and one of the lowest cost automotive battery plants in the world.

For the fiscal year ended March 31, 1998, Exide's North American operations accounted for approximately 37% of Exide's consolidated net sales.

Europe

Exide targeted the European market as an attractive opportunity because it is the largest battery market outside of North America and because the Company believes that its experience with rationalization and consolidation of manufacturing and distribution operations can be successfully applied in Europe. The Company believes the battery manufacturing industry in Europe is undergoing rationalization and consolidation activity similar to that which has occurred in the United States over the last twenty years. The key components of the Company's European strategy include maintaining or improving (i) strong market shares, (ii) broad geographic coverage, (iii) low production costs, (iv) distribution systems, (v) strong customer relationships and (vi) experienced management.

In implementing this strategy, the Company acquired two European battery manufacturers in 1994, one in 1995 and one in 1997 (DETA). In May 1995, the Company acquired 99.7% of the stock of CEAc (subsequently increased to 100%), one of the largest SLI producers and the largest industrial battery manufacturer in Europe, for approximately $425.0 million in cash. In October 1994, Exide acquired for approximately $229.0 million 89.4% (subsequently increased to 95.8%) of the outstanding capital stock and 25% of the convertible bonds of Tudor, headquartered in Madrid, Spain, which was the third largest lead acid battery producer in Western Europe. In March 1994, the Company acquired BIG, an SLI battery manufacturer based in Wales, for approximately $35.0 million. In addition, in September 1994, the Company assumed the customers of, and began to temporarily operate the facilities of, Gemala Battery, a battery producer based in England. In exchange, the owner of Gemala Battery received an 18.5% interest in the combined operations of BIG and Gemala Battery. In 1997, Exide purchased DETA for approximately $34 million, plus approximately $64.6 million of assumed debt.

2

Exide is the leading manufacturer and marketer of SLI and industrial batteries in Europe with major market presence in most European countries. The Company believes it is one of the lowest cost, highest quality suppliers of SLI and industrial batteries in Europe. SLI batteries and industrial batteries accounted for approximately 52% and 46%, respectively, of the net sales of Exide's European operations for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1998. The Company plans to focus its SLI battery marketing efforts on certain of its strong brands. The Company's battery brands, including Exide, Hagen Batterie, Tudor, Fulmen, Sonnenschein, Chloride Motive Power, Magneti Marelli and BIG, are well recognized in their markets.

The Company's European operations are vertically integrated (although to a lesser extent than its North American operations), with four secondary lead smelters in Europe. The Company supplies a large part of its own European needs for plastic components.

For the fiscal year ended March 31, 1998, Exide's European operations accounted for approximately 63% of Exide's consolidated net sales.

(b) Financial Information About Industry Segments

The Company is primarily engaged in one industry segment, namely, the manufacture, distribution and sale of lead acid batteries and related accessories. See Note 16 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein.

(c) Narrative Description of Business

Exide is the leading manufacturer and marketer of SLI batteries in the world. The Company's acquisitions of BIG, Tudor, CEAc, and more recently, DETA, as well as its assumption of the customers of Gemala Battery, have made it Europe's largest producer and marketer of SLI batteries and industrial batteries.

Products

SLI Batteries. SLI batteries represented 67% of consolidated revenues of Exide for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1998. In the United States and Canada, Exide believes it has the most complete line of automotive batteries, and the Company has introduced numerous new products, including batteries for superior performance in hot and cold climates, such as the Exide Heat Guard battery, the first climatized battery, Exide maintenance-free batteries that require no watering and have an extended shelf life and the Exide 911 Emergency Vehicle Battery that employs patented technology to provide the high performance required for emergency vehicles. In fiscal 1997, the Company introduced its Exide NASCAR Select batteries which provide substantially higher gross profit per battery due to their premium quality and the strong brand loyalty of NASCAR fans. In addition, the Company has introduced a sealed recombinant battery in Europe, which the Company believes will present a significant opportunity as it has a longer shelf life and is the first battery sealed in such a manner that allows the battery to be relocated from the engine to the passenger compartment of the vehicle.

3

The Company also produces SLI batteries for commercial applications, such as trucks, farm equipment, tractors and other off-road vehicles, as well as specialty batteries for marine and garden tractor applications. For the marine market, Exide has introduced the Nautilus Mega Cycle high performance, dual terminal battery and the Power Probe battery which allows boaters to instantly check their battery power.

Industrial Batteries. Sales of industrial batteries represented 29% of consolidated revenues of Exide for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1998. Exide is the largest manufacturer and marketer in Europe of industrial batteries. Standby (also known as "stationary") batteries are used primarily for backup power for applications such as telecommunications, security and emergency systems and uninterruptible power systems. Exide is one of Europe's leading suppliers of submarine batteries and its customers include the navies of Norway, Israel, Turkey, Sweden, Greece, Germany and Spain. Exide's European operations have developed the Dry Safe line of maintenance-free standby batteries, an improvement over existing sealed batteries. Traction batteries are used to power electric vehicles such as forklifts and mine locomotives. The traction battery market is divided into the OEM market, comprised of the manufacturers of electric vehicles, and the replacement market, which includes large users of electric vehicles as well as OEM dealer networks.

In 1991 Exide sold its North American industrial battery product line to Yuasa, Inc., an entity in which the Company has a 13.5% interest. Yuasa, which is a leading manufacturer of industrial batteries in North America, supplies the Company with motorcycle batteries built to Exide's specifications. See Note 13 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein.

Other Products. The Company also produces battery chargers and has expanded its presence in the North American automotive market by adding its Speed Clip line of battery related accessories and wheel weights and its Sure Start line of remanufactured starters and alternators. Its European operations also manufacture and market other products such as battery chargers and accessories, plastic components and nickel-cadmium and lithium batteries. Sales of products other than SLI and industrial batteries represented 4% of consolidated revenues of Exide for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1998.

4

Markets and Marketing

North America. Over 80% of all automotive batteries sold in the United States and Canada are sold in the aftermarket, which is the Company's principal market. The aftermarket is influenced more by the age and number of vehicles in service than new production levels and tends to be less cyclical than the OEM market. In April 1994, Sears Roebuck and Co. ("Sears"), one of the largest retailers of SLI batteries in the United States, selected the Company as the primary supplier of its batteries, including the Die Hard brand and in June 1997, the relationship was expanded. The Company is now the principal battery supplier to Sears and affiliated companies including Sears Auto Centers, Sears Hardware and the new NTB National Tire and Battery stores. Exide is the leading supplier for most of the 20 largest battery retailers in the United States, including Sears, NAPA Distribution Centers, Kmart Corp., CSK Inc., Paccar and The Pep Boys-Manny, Moe & Jack. The Company also produces SLI batteries for the OEM market in North America. Customers include Chrysler Corporation, for whom the Company is the primary battery supplier, as well as Central Tractor, John Deere, E-Z-GO, Ford New Holland, NAVISTAR and others.

Current management, which is led by Arthur M. Hawkins, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, who joined Exide in 1985, has transformed the Company into a marketing-driven business by developing a new customer base focused on leading mass-merchandisers, auto supply chains and wholesalers and introducing merchandise displays, innovative packing and programs to assist customers in marketing and inventory management. To support and expand this customer base, Exide has expanded its Company-owned distribution system from 12 wholesale branch outlets in 1985 to approximately 130 today. These outlets, which distribute Exide batteries to both large accounts and local dealers and other small volume customers, also allow Exide to collect used batteries for recycling in the Company's lead smelters as part of its recycling program aimed at reducing costs and protecting the environment. In addition, in recent years the Company has introduced several new products including an advanced line of maintenance-free batteries and an emergency vehicle battery. The Company, which markets its products under various trademarks including Exide, Willard and Prestolite, has strengthened its brand recognition through promotional activities, including sponsoring a NASCAR Winston Cup racing team. The Company also produces and markets, under license from NASCAR, the Exide NASCAR Select line of batteries, battery chargers, battery cables and remanufactured starters and alternators.

Europe. The Company's European revenues are diversified across many European countries. The Company has a leading position in the aftermarket in most European countries. Exide's replacement SLI battery brands include Fulmen, Sonnenschein, Tudor, Hagen Batterie, LYAC Power, SONNAK, Anker, BIG and Exide. In addition to the markets in which it has a direct presence through manufacturing subsidiaries, the Company markets batteries in and exports batteries to approximately 50 other countries.

The Company is one of the major suppliers to Fiat S.p.A. ("Fiat"), the Volkswagen group (Volkswagen AG/AUDI AG/Seat/Skoda Automobilova AS), the PSA group (Peugeot S.A./Citroen), the Renault group and Volvo. By assuming the customers of Gemala Battery, the Company is also a supplier to Ford Motor Co. in Europe. As development supplier to the PSA group and several other automobile manufacturers, Exide works closely with such customers as they develop new models with varying requirements. As in the United States, OEM battery sales are closely linked to new vehicle sales.

5

The Company has the leading market share in industrial batteries in western Europe. The Company's standby batteries are used for telecommunications, uninterruptible power supplies, security systems, submarines, power plants, railways and miscellaneous mobile applications (such as wheelchairs and golf carts). Major standby battery customers include telecommunications companies and European armed forces. Major traction battery customers in Europe include the electric vehicle operations of the Linde group (Still GmbH, LL Fenwicks, Fiat and Lansing), Clark and Jungheinrich, and to a wide variety of customers in the aftermarket, ranging from large industrial concerns to small warehouses. Technical expertise and assistance and customer service are more important in the industrial battery markets than in the SLI battery markets and the Company has technical service agreements with a number of its customers.

Customers. The Company has a number of major retail and OEM customers, both in North America and Europe. No single customer accounted for more than 10% of consolidated net sales. The Company does not believe that a material part of its business is dependent upon a single customer the loss of which would have a material impact on the long-term business of the Company. However, the loss of one or more of the Company's largest customers would have a negative short-term impact on the Company's results of operations. See Note 1 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein.

Distribution Networks

North America. As part of its program to improve its customer base and its service to such customer base, the Company has developed a network of over 130 Company-owned wholesale distribution outlets throughout the United States and Canada that sell and distribute Exide batteries to local auto parts retailers, service stations, local repair shops and other smaller volume customers as well as collect used and spent batteries for recycling in the Company-owned lead smelters. The Company's wholesale outlet distribution system has grown to constitute the third largest distribution system of SLI batteries in the United States. The development of its wholesale outlet distribution system, which is supplemented by regional accounts, small battery wholesalers and battery specialists, has been a key component in the Company's success and has enabled the Company to provide cost effective product distribution to the Company's national accounts.

Europe. Exide's European operations distribute their aftermarket SLI batteries primarily through battery wholesalers, OEM dealer networks, hypermarkets, European purchasing centers and oil companies, although on a country by country basis distribution strategy varies greatly. Battery wholesalers sell and distribute batteries to a network of automotive parts retailers, service stations, independent retailers and supermarkets throughout Europe. Wholesalers, who sell to repair shops and service stations, and OEM dealers represent the large majority of this market, but supermarket chains, replacement parts stores (who are represented by purchasing associations) and hypermarkets have become increasingly important. The Company's distribution network will be enhanced as certain manufacturing facilities closed, pursuant to the ongoing rationalization and consolidation, are converted to use as distribution centers.

6

Given the importance of service and technical assistance, Exide's European operations generally ship standby batteries directly to system suppliers and uninterruptible power supply manufacturers who include the standby batteries in the equipment and distribute products to end users. Traction batteries are distributed through OEM dealers, independent distributors and directly to large fleet users. Exide's European operations also distribute both standby and traction batteries through their own branch network.

Research and Development; Quality

The Company's commitment to research and development has allowed the Company to introduce many new products in the last five years, including the Exide NASCAR Select line featuring superior performance and durability characteristics. Exide has received over 100 new patents since 1985 and is now working on the next generation of power solutions. The Company's presence in the North American OEM markets for automobiles and commercial vehicles, particularly its close working relationship with Chrysler Corporation, helps it to remain current with technological innovations. Similarly, Exide through its European operations, devotes substantial efforts to research and development and benefits from its appointment as development supplier to several major automobile manufacturers. The Company has received the maximum research and development rating from the PSA group and similar ratings from most of the other European automobile companies it serves. For the SLI market, Exide is developing lighter batteries which will result in lower fuel consumption and recently developed a new line of very low maintenance batteries with higher starting power as well as a wound cell design with significantly higher power density than conventional lead acid batteries. With respect to industrial batteries, Exide has focused on improving efficiency and reducing maintenance.

Exide continues to devote substantial efforts to research and development for batteries for electric cars and other vehicles. These efforts include not only research with lead acid batteries but also more exotic battery technologies such as lithium ion. The Company participated in the development of an electric vehicle which has set various speed and endurance records and was demonstrated at the 1994 Indianapolis 500. The Company is participating in electric vehicle battery research projects funded by the European Union and a consortium of battery manufacturers and by the Spanish Ministry of Industry and Energy. The Company is also running a demonstration fleet in conjunction with the Tennessee Valley Authority ("TVA").

Exide's performance and product quality has been widely recognized by its customers. In the United States, Exide has received the "Desert Storm" Commendation from the United States military, Carport Vendor of the Year Award, Chrysler Quality Excellence Award, Chrysler Preferred Supplier Evaluation, Ford Q1 Award, Navistar QA 7 Award, NAPA Excellence Through Performance Award, Kmart Innovation of Products and Marketing Award, Ford New Holland Quality Award, and the ADAP Stores Vendor of the Year. In 1998, an independent testing laboratory of national repute subjected SLI batteries in the North American market to rigorous tests designed to simulate conditions that those batteries would experience in actual use. The reported results of those tests indicated that Exide's batteries were superior to the other batteries tested.

In 1997, Exide's North American quality systems achieved another milestone by being recognized for their compliance to QS-9000 standards.

7

Exide's European operations have received awards for quality automotive OEM production, including the Formel Q and Most Value to Customer awards from Volkswagen, and one of the Company's batteries was chosen as the best replacement battery in France in a study conducted by Auto Plus, a French automobile magazine. In the industrial market, the Company's standby batteries have received quality approval certificates from such major telecommunications companies as the Deutsches Bundespost Telekom and from European defense organizations. Many of the Company's European facilities have been recognized for meeting ISO standards.

Manufacturing, Raw Materials and Suppliers

North America. The major reasons for the Company's emergence as the low-cost producer in the United States and Canadian automotive battery industry have been the achievement of economies of scale through strategic acquisitions, the consolidation of facilities, the Company's relatively low labor costs and increased vertical integration in the areas of lead smelting, plastics and battery separators. Since 1985 and following the acquisition of General Battery in May 1987, the Company consolidated the operations of nine plants and eight distribution centers into larger, more efficient locations with lower labor costs. This has led to a significant reduction in unit costs and improved labor productivity. The Company also is a leader in developing advanced production techniques, such as continuous plate processing, statistical process control and computer-aided design and manufacturing. The Company's manufacturing plant in Salina, Kansas is the highest volume and one of the lowest cost automotive battery plants in the world. The Company continues to increase production at its manufacturing facility in Bristol, Tennessee, a modern, highly efficient battery manufacturing plant similar to the Company's Salina, Kansas facility.

Exide believes its overall unit conversion costs (production costs other than raw materials) are significantly below the conversion costs of its major United States and Canadian competitors. These cost efficiencies result from the Company's high volume of production, emphasis on cost control and competitive labor costs. The Company's relatively high level of vertical integration reduces the effects of changes in the market prices of raw materials on production costs and, when lead market prices are higher, may result in substantial raw material cost savings. Lead is the principal raw material in the manufacture of batteries, representing approximately one-third of the cost of goods sold. The Company can obtain substantially all of its domestic lead requirements through the operation of six secondary lead smelters, which reclaim lead by recycling spent lead-acid batteries. Prior to its acquisition of two such smelters in August 1995 through its purchase of Schuylkill, the Company was purchasing a larger portion of its lead requirements, making the cost of its batteries more sensitive to lead price changes. The Company obtains batteries for recycling from its customers and through its wholesale distribution outlet system. The Company believes it has a significant competitive advantage from its in-house lead smelting and from back hauling of spent batteries for recycling through its distribution network and wholesale distribution outlets. When lead market prices decline, the Company's lead cost advantage from vertical integration can be reduced or eliminated. Because Exide adjusts its pricing to a substantial number of customers pursuant to a formula based on a published price of lead, if market prices were to decline below the Company's lead production cost for an extended period of time, the Company could be forced to obtain more of its requirements from third parties.

The Company also produces most of its U.S. plastic molding requirements utilizing plastic obtained through in-house reclamation of spent battery cases as part of its recycling program.

8

Other key raw materials and components in the production of batteries include lead oxide and chemicals, which are generally available from multiple sources. The Company currently produces substantially all of its North American requirements of battery separators. The Company has not experienced any material stoppage or slowdown in production as a result of the unavailability, or delays in the availability, of raw materials.

Europe. The Company operates manufacturing plants in France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Germany, the United Kingdom and elsewhere in Europe. Through CEAc's investment in Turkey and its subsidiary in Poland, and Tudor's investment in India, the Company has a presence in Eastern Europe and Asia as well.

Exide has four secondary lead smelters in Europe that supply approximately one-third of its European lead requirements (with a plan to bring that figure to 50% by the year 2000). The Company's European operations are affected by changes in lead prices more than its North American operations because European operations are less vertically integrated. Major investments have been made in these plants in recent years to improve lead treatment and recycling processes. The Company produces most of its own plastic components.

The Company is implementing a cohesive overall rationalization and consolidation strategy with respect to its European acquisitions. The Company continues to lower fixed and variable production costs through plant closings, thereby increasing capacity utilization at the remaining plants, shifting production to lower cost areas and reducing overhead. In conjunction with its plant closings, the Company is rationalizing its distribution system, reducing the number of warehouses and improving its delivery systems. In addition, the Company is reducing administrative expenses by eliminating duplicate functions and services and plans to rationalize its product range, significantly reducing the number of stock keeping units and improving inventory management. The Company anticipates that this consolidation and rationalization will produce significant cost savings.

Competition

North America. The United States and Canadian market for SLI and specialty batteries is mature and highly competitive. Battery manufacturers compete primarily on the basis of price, quality, service, warranty period and timeliness of delivery. Generally, sales are made without long-term contracts. Because the domestic industry has had excess capacity, competition and increased pressure for cost reduction from SLI battery customers in the SLI aftermarket and from automotive OEMs and other customers in the OEM markets for SLI batteries have resulted in declining prices in the last several years and some smaller competitors were unable to survive.

The Company's primary domestic competitors are Johnson Controls, Inc., Delco Remy and GNB Incorporated (a subsidiary of Pacific Dunlop, Ltd.). Regional manufacturers are also significant, accounting for approximately 13% of the United States market based on information provided by an industry trade association.

9

Europe. The automotive and industrial battery markets are very competitive. Reduced demand due to European economic conditions in the recent past caused excess capacity and resulted in more intense competition. As in the North American automotive and industrial battery markets, European manufacturers compete primarily on the basis of price, quality, warranty and service. The excess capacity caused pressure from large customers in both the automotive and industrial battery markets for price concessions. Exide's strategy to consolidate manufacturing and excess capacity, while lowering unit costs, has resulted in more stable pricing. Higher lead prices in 1997 resulted in higher battery prices on pass-through pricing. Lead prices were much lower and more stable in 1998. Currency fluctuations among the European countries, depending on where competitors manufacture, can have considerable competitive effects. Among Exide's competitors in Europe are VB Autobatterie GmbH ("Varta/Bosch"), Hawker Batteries, Fiamm, Delco Remy, Autosil, Hoppecke, Yuasa and Matsushita.

Backlog

The Company does not have a material amount of backlog orders.

Employees

North America. As of March 31, 1998, the Company employed approximately 1,604 salaried employees and approximately 4,447 hourly employees in North America. Approximately 48% of such salaried employees are engaged in sales, service and marketing and approximately 43% in manufacturing and engineering. Approximately 30% of its hourly employees are represented by unions. Relations with the unions are generally good. Contracts covering approximately 185 and 207 of the Company's union employees expire in fiscal 1999 and 2000, respectively, and the remainder thereafter.

Europe. As of March 31, 1998, the Company employed approximately 4,076 salaried employees and approximately 7,056 hourly employees in Europe. Approximately 32% of such salaried employees are engaged in sales, service and marketing and approximately 58% in manufacturing and engineering. The Company's hourly employees are generally represented by unions. Relations with the unions are generally good. Contracts covering the Company's European union employees expire on various dates through 1999.

Trademarks and Patents

The Company owns or has a license to use various trademarks which are of value in the conduct of its business. Illustrative of the licenses the Company entered into is an agreement with the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing, Inc. ("NASCAR") pursuant to which Exide has the exclusive rights to market batteries and related accessories bearing the NASCAR name and logo. In 1997, the Company launched a program to market a line of very high quality batteries and accessories bearing the name Exide NASCAR Select. The market acceptance of these products has been encouraging. While the Company believes such trademarks and trade names enhance the brand recognition of its products and therefore are important to its business, the Company also believes that its products, engineering skills, reputation for quality and relationships with its customers are equally important for the maintenance and growth of its business. An unaffiliated firm has rights to the Exide mark in approximately 37 foreign countries. In addition, Exide Electronics Group, Inc., an unaffiliated company, is licensed to use the Exide name on certain devices.

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Exide has been issued many patents worldwide, some of which are active, with several additional patents in process covering design of lead acid batteries and battery manufacturing equipment. While the Company believes that patents are important to its business operations, it also believes that the loss of any single patent or several patents would not have a material adverse effect on the Company.

Environmental, Health and Safety Matters

The Company, particularly as a result of its manufacturing and secondary lead smelting operations, is subject to numerous environmental laws and regulations and is exposed to liabilities and compliance costs arising from its past and current handling, processing, recycling, storing and disposing of hazardous substances and hazardous wastes. The Company's operations are also subject to occupational safety and health laws and regulations, particularly relating to the monitoring of employee health in North America and, to a lesser extent, in Europe. Except as disclosed herein, the Company believes that it is in substantial compliance with all material environmental, health and safety requirements.

North America. The Company has been advised by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") or state agencies that it is a "Potentially Responsible Party" ("PRP") under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act ("CERCLA") or similar state laws at 75 federally defined Superfund or state equivalent sites. At 35 of these sites, the Company has either paid or is in the process of paying its share of liability. In most instances, the Company's obligations are not expected to be significant because its portion of any potential liability appears to be minor to insignificant in relation to the total liability of all PRPs that have been identified and are viable. The Company's share of the anticipated remediation costs associated with all of the Superfund sites where it has been named a PRP, based on the Company's estimated volumetric contribution to each site, is included in the environmental remediation reserves discussed below.

Because the Company's liability under such statutes may, as a technical matter, be imposed on a joint and several basis, the Company's liability may not necessarily be based on volumetric allocations and could be greater than the Company's estimates. Management believes, however, that its PRP status at these Superfund sites will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's business or financial condition because, based on the Company's experience, it is reasonable to expect that the liability will be roughly proportionate to its volumetric contribution of waste to the sites.

The Company currently has greater than 50% liability at only one Superfund site, discussed below. Other than this site, the Company's volumetric allocation exceeds 5% at only five sites at which the Company's share of liability has not been paid as of March 31, 1998. The current volumetric allocation at these five sites averages 13.1%

The Company is the primary PRP at the Brown's Battery Breaking Superfund site located in Pennsylvania. The site was operated by third-party owners in the 1960s and early 1970s. In 1992, the EPA issued a Record of Decision ("ROD") identifying several alternate remedies. During fiscal 1997, the Company signed a consent decree and paid $3.0 million of the EPA's past costs and is not responsible for any other past costs. The Company has established its reserves based upon its estimates of the remediation cost using the approved remedy.

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The Company is also involved in the assessment and remediation of various other properties, including certain Company-owned or -operated facilities. Such assessment and remedial work is being conducted pursuant to a number of state and federal environmental laws and with varying degrees of involvement by state and federal authorities. Where reasonably estimable, the costs of such projects have been accrued in reserves established by the Company, as discussed below. In addition, certain environmental matters concerning the Company are pending in federal and state courts or with regulatory agencies.

While the ultimate outcome of the foregoing environmental matters is uncertain, after consultation with legal counsel, management does not believe the resolution of these matters will have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, cash flows, financial condition or results of operations. The Company's policy is to accrue for environmental costs when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of such liability is reasonably estimable. While the Company believes its current estimates of future remediation costs are reasonable, future findings or changes in estimates could have a material effect on the recorded reserves.

The Company has established reserves for onsite and offsite environmental remediation costs and believes that such reserves are adequate. These reserves consist of amounts accrued for active Company facilities, closed facilities, and specifically for 16 of the Superfund sites. Because environmental liabilities are not accrued until liability is determined to be probable and reasonably estimable, not all potential future environmental liabilities have been included in the Company's environmental reserves and, therefore, additional earnings charges are possible.

In fiscal 1997, the Company reached a settlement with most of its insurance carriers, whereby the insurance companies reimbursed and indemnified the Company for certain response costs, property damage and bodily injury claims allegedly resulting from environmental conditions.

During fiscal 1998, the Company reached an agreement with former owners of the Company whereby the Company agreed to release and indemnify the former owners from all environmental matters relative to certain sites. In exchange for this release the Company received $4,500 in the third quarter and remaining $5,500 will be received in three annual installments.

The Company has taken an active role in addressing environmental issues associated with its business and has a staff of more than 70, not including consultants, focusing on environmental, safety and health matters. The Company maintains numerous permits with the EPA, various state agencies and provincial regulatory authorities which allow the Company to transport, store and recycle spent lead acid batteries, lead-bearing hazardous wastes and certain other hazardous wastes in the United States.

12

To protect the environment, minimize future liability and help ensure a stable supply of lead to its battery manufacturing facilities, the Company has developed a comprehensive materials recycling program. Under this program, the Company obtains spent lead-acid batteries through its wholesale distribution outlet system and lead-bearing materials from third parties. These materials are transported to the Company's secondary lead smelting facilities. Batteries are separated at the smelters into three constituent units: lead, dilute sulfuric acid and plastic casing material. The lead is reclaimed and refined into lead alloys for use at the Company's battery manufacturing facilities. The plastic from battery cases is broken into pieces and extruded into pellets by adding strengtheners and other additives. The pellets are then used at the Company's battery casing molding facility to make new battery cases. The dilute sulfuric acid solution is neutralized and discharged in accordance with federal, state and provincial permits. The Company is investigating methods of recycling spent battery acid.

Europe. The Company is subject to numerous environmental, health and safety requirements and is exposed to differing degrees of liabilities and compliance costs arising from its past and current manufacturing and recycling activities in various European countries. The laws and regulations applicable to such activities differ from country to country and also substantially differ from U.S. laws and regulations. Except as disclosed herein, the Company believes, based upon reports from its foreign subsidiaries and/or independent qualified opinions, that it is in substantial compliance with all material environmental, health and safety requirements in each country, except as noted below.

Certain facilities in France, Germany and Spain are not in compliance with certain limits contained in air and wastewater treatment discharge permits. In every case, the Company is working cooperatively with appropriate authorities to come into compliance. It is possible that the Company could be subject to fines or penalties with regard to these violations, although management believes any such fines/penalties will not be material. The cost to upgrade the facilities to attain compliance is not expected to be material. The violations are not expected to interfere with continued operations at the subject facilities.

The Company expects that its European operations will continue to incur capital and operating expenses in order to maintain compliance with evolving environmental, health and safety requirements or more stringent enforcement of existing requirements in each country.

As a result of the Company's plans to consolidate its European manufacturing operations, it is probable that certain environmental costs will be incurred. An estimate of the probable liability has been included in the Tudor and CEAc purchase price allocations.

The Company expects that its overseas operations will continue to incur capital and operating expenses in order to maintain compliance with evolving environmental, health and safety requirements or more stringent enforcement of existing requirements in each country. In addition, accelerated consolidation of Exide's European operations could increase its expenditures. See Note 12 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein.

13

(d) Financial Information About Foreign and Domestic Operations and Export Sales

See Note 16 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein.

Item 2. Properties

The chart below lists the location of the principal facilities of the Company. All of the facilities are owned unless otherwise indicated. All owned properties and the leases for the leased properties are subject to liens under the Senior Secured Global Facilities Credit Agreement. See Note 5 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein. The leases for leased facilities expire at various dates through 2015. In addition to these properties, Tudor holds a portfolio of undeveloped land totaling approximately 39 acres of which it divests portions from time to time.

                               Approximate
       Location              Square Footage                       Use
--------------------    -------------------------    ---------------------------
North America:
 Auburn Hills, MI                 5,000  (leased)    OEM Engineering and Sales
 Baton Rouge, LA                176,000              Secondary Lead Smelting
 Beechgrove, IN                  77,000              Secondary Lead Smelting
 Bloomfield Hills, MI            10,000  (leased)    Executive Offices
 Bristol, TN                    220,000  (leased)    Automotive Accessory
                                                     Manufacturing
 Bristol, TN                    631,000  (leased)    Battery Manufacturing
 Burlington, IA                 193,000              Battery Manufacturing
 Cannon Hollow, MO              137,000              Secondary Lead Smelting
 Cooper, TX                      30,000  (leased)    Starter and Alternator
                                                     Manufacturing
 Corydon, IN                    161,000              Separator Manufacturing
 Drummondville,                  90,000              Distribution Center
   Quebec, Canada
 Frankfort, IN                  211,000              Distribution Center
 Hamburg, PA                     30,000              Distribution Center
 Lampeter, PA                    82,000              Battery Plastics
                                                     Manufacturing
 Logansport, IN                 197,000              Battery Manufacturing
 Manchester, IA                 286,000              Battery Manufacturing
 Maple, Ontario, Canada         169,000              Distribution and
                                                     Administration
 Memphis, TN                     41,382              Secondary Lead Smelting
 Muncie, IN                     174,000              Secondary Lead Smelting
 North Bay, Ontario,             30,000              Battery Charger
                                                     Manufacturing
   Canada
 Reading, PA                     72,000  (leased)    Engineering and Research
                                                     and Development
 Reading, PA                    125,000              Secondary Lead Smelting
                                                     and Poly Reprocess
 Reading, PA                     15,000  (leased)    Technical Center
 Reading, PA                    135,000              Administrative Offices
 Reading, PA                    280,000              Battery Manufacturing
 Reading, PA                     77,000              Distribution Center

14

                               Approximate
       Location              Square Footage                       Use
--------------------    -------------------------    ---------------------------
 Salina, KS                     260,000  (leased)    Battery Manufacturing
 Salina, KS                     100,000              Distribution Center
 Sumner, WA                      56,000  (leased)    Distribution Center
Europe and Other:
 Florival, Belgium              290,000              Distribution Center
 Herlev, Denmark                 15,000              Executive Offices
 Bolton, England                274,000              Industrial Battery
                                                     Manufacturing
 Bristol, England                 4,800              Warehouse
 Corbyl, England                 44,000              SLI Battery Manufacturing
 Auxerre, France                176,000              SLI Battery Manufacturing
 Gennevilliers, France           55,000              Executive Offices
 Lille, France                  484,000              Industrial Battery
                                                     Manufacturing
 Nanterre, France               169,000              SLI Battery Manufacturing
 Nimes, France                  120,000              SLI Battery Manufacturing
 Perrone, France                 96,000              Battery Plastics
                                                     Manufacturing
 Pont Ste Maxence,               71,000              Secondary Lead Smelting
  France
 Vierzon, France                174,000              Industrial Battery
                                                     Manufacturing
 Bad Lauterberg,                458,500              Manufacturing,
                                                     Administrative and
  Germany                                            Warehouse
 Budingen, Germany              258,000              Industrial Battery
                                                     Manufacturing
 Budingen, Germany               15,000              Lithium Cells Manufacturing
 Duisburg, Germany               48,387              Manufacturing,
                                                     Administrative and
                                                     Warehouse
 Kassel, Germany                212,000              Distribution Center
 Soest, Germany                 386,000              Industrial Battery
                                                     Manufacturing
 Weiden, Germany                208,000              Industrial Battery
                                                     Manufacturing
 Schimitari, Greece              69,000              SLI Battery Manufacturing
 Maarssen, Holland               26,000              Executive Offices
 Vlaardingen, Holland            51,000              Industrial Battery Assembly
 Avellino, Italy                 35,000              Lids and Containers
                                                     Manufacturing
 Bergamo, Italy                 203,000              Lids, Containers and
                                                     Separators Manufacturing
 Casalnuovo, Italy              483,000              Industrial Battery
                                                     Manufacturing
 Fumane, Italy                   65,000              SLI Battery Manufacturing
 Romano Di Lombardia,           266,000  (leased)    SLI Battery Manufacturing
 Italy
 Horten, Norway                 108,000  (leased)    Industrial Battery
                                                     Manufacturing
 Poznan, Poland (five)          887,000              SLI Battery Manufacturing
 Warsaw, Poland                  34,100              Industrial Battery
                                                     Manufacturing and Offices
 Ilhavo, Portugal                54,000              Manual Tools Manufacturing
 Azambuja (Sonalur),             21,000              Secondary Lead Smelting
  Portugal
 Azambuja (Azai),                21,000              Lids and Containers
  Portugal                                           Manufacturing

15

                               Approximate
       Location              Square Footage                       Use
--------------------    -------------------------    ---------------------------
 Lisbon, Portugal                12,000              Executive Offices
 Cubas, Spain                   323,000              Secondary Lead Smelting
 Azuqueca de Henares,           434,000              SLI Battery Manufacturing
    Spain                                            and Research
 Torrejon de Ardoz,              54,000              Industrial Battery and
      Spain                                          NiCad Manufacturing
 Loeches, Spain                  12,000  (leased)    Traction Chargers
                                                     Manufacturing
 Malpica, Zaragoza,             213,000              SLI Battery Manufacturing
  Spain
 Manzanares, Spain              438,000              SLI Battery Manufacturing
 Bonmati, Spain                  57,000              Recycling Facilities
 S. Esteban de Gormaz,           63,000              Secondary Lead Smelting
  Spain
 Madrid, Spain                    7,200  (leased)    Executive Offices
 Zaragoza, Spain                269,000              Industrial Battery
                                                     Manufacturing
 Nol, Sweden                    447,000              SLI and Industrial Battery
                                                     Manufacturing
 Manisa, Turkey                 145,000              SLI Battery Manufacturing
 Cwmbran, Wales                 105,000              Executive Offices and SLI
                                                     Battery Manufacturing

In addition, the Company temporarily operates an SLI battery manufacturing facility in Dagenham, England, which includes some executive offices. The Company also leases distribution outlets in Europe.

The Company believes that its facilities are in good operating condition, adequately maintained, and suitable to meet its present needs and future plans.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

In August 1996, a Portland, Oregon jury found that the Company infringed a patent relating to a device for inserting battery plates into battery separators, and awarded damages of $5.0 million. Later, the Court, acting on the jury's verdict, entered a judgment against the Company for $5.4 million. On April 28, 1997, the Court denied the Company's post-trial motions relating to the judgment. On May 16, 1997, the Company filed its Notice of Appeal and five days later plaintiffs filed a cross appeal. The appeal was argued before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit Court on March 5, 1998. Management and its outside patent counsel remain confident that the jury verdict and the court's judgment relating to the patent asserted at trial will be reversed and that the cross appeal is without merit and, therefore, shall be rejected. The Company anticipates receiving a decision on the appeal during fiscal 1999. No reserve has been established for this matter.

16

The Company is now or recently has been involved in several related lawsuits containing similar allegations pending in state and federal courts in Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina and Texas, two of which were brought as purported class actions. These actions contain allegations that the Company sold old or used batteries as new batteries. In all of the cases, submitted for judicial determination the Company has prevailed. In others, the Company has not been obliged to present a defense. The remaining actions seek compensatory and punitive damages and, in one case, injunctive relief. The Company disputes the material legal claims in these matters and will vigorously defend itself.

Five purported class action lawsuits have recently been filed against the Company and three of its senior officers who are also directors alleging violations of Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder. Specifically, the complaints allege that the market price of the Company's stock was artificially inflated over a period from June 27, 1995 through April 3, 1998 as a result of alleged misstatements and omissions. The named plaintiff in each case seeks to represent a class of persons who purchased Exide stock on the open market during the period in which the stock was allegedly artificially inflated. Plaintiffs in each case seek compensatory damages in an unspecified amount. The Company has not yet answered the complaints and no discovery has occurred. The Company denies any wrongdoing and plans to vigorously defend itself against these charges.

Under its civil investigative authority, the Florida Attorney General issued subpoenas to the Corporation on March 3, 1998 and May 21, 1998. The Attorney General has focused this inquiry into allegations including the sale of defective and used batteries, mislabeling of batteries and improper crediting of customer accounts. No action has been taken and the matter is pending under review by the Florida Attorney General. The Corporation is actively cooperating with the Attorney General and does not believe that it has acted improperly.

The Board of Directors has asked its non-management members to look into matters raised in the class actions and Florida investigation referred to above.

The Company is involved in various other claims and litigation incidental to the conduct of its business. Based on consultation with legal counsel, management does not believe that any claims or litigation to which the Company is a party will have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition or results of operations. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 1996, the Company paid $5.5 million as a result of an unfavorable verdict from the U.S. Court of Appeals in a patent infringement matter. Such amount was recorded as cost of sales.

Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

None

17

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

The Common Stock is listed and traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol EX. The reported range of the high and low prices of the Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Tape and dividends paid are shown in the following table for the periods indicated.

                      Sales Prices                  Quarterly
                   -----------------                  Cash
                     High      Low                  Dividends
                   --------  -------                ---------
                                                   (per share)
Fiscal 1997:
 First Quarter      $30-1/4  $ 18-7/8            $    0.02
 Second Quarter      28-1/2    22-1/2                 0.02
 Third Quarter       28-7/8    22-5/8                 0.02
 Fourth Quarter      25-1/2        16                 0.02
Fiscal 1998:
 First Quarter      $23-1/8  $ 14-5/8            $    0.02
 Second Quarter      23-1/8    18-3/4                 0.02
 Third Quarter       34-1/4   20-9/16                 0.02
 Fourth Quarter          27   16-5/16                 0.02

At June 26, 1998 the reported last sale price of the stock was $ 17-1/8. As of June 17, 1998, there were 473 record holders of Common Stock.

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data (In thousands, except per-share data):

                                                                    Fiscal Year Ended March 31
                                            ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               1994          1995            1996            1997            1998
                                            ----------  --------------  --------------  --------------  ---------------
Income Statement Data:
Net sales                                    $679,649   $   1,198,546   $   2,342,616   $   2,333,230   $    2,273,126
Gross profit                                  161,003         264,018         552,806         595,276          602,718
Operating expenses                             99,245         199,856         429,131         453,798          464,211
Operating income                               61,758          64,162         123,675         141,478          138,507
Interest expense, net                          33,150          52,565         120,600         118,837          112,301
Income taxes                                   10,794           5,160           6,300          14,732           13,475
Income before extraordinary loss
 and cumulative effect of
 accounting change                             17,217           4,491             939          18,992           18,697
Extraordinary loss                                 --          (3,597)/(1)/    (9,600)/(2)/    (2,767)/(3)/    (28,513)/(4)/
Cumulative effect of accounting
 change/(5)/                                  (12,711)             --              --              --               --
Net income (loss)                               4,506             894          (8,661)         16,225           (9,816)
Basic net income (loss) per share                0.44            0.06           (0.44)           0.79            (0.48)
Diluted net income (loss) per share              0.41            0.06           (0.42)           0.77            (0.45)
Balance Sheet Data (at end of
 year):
Working capital                               153,711         395,875         598,895         616,128          538,916
Property, plant and equipment, net            181,147         423,876         578,722         521,836          535,113
Total assets                                  629,090       1,637,589       2,711,429       2,452,807        2,348,616
Total debt                                    291,821         645,135       1,340,025       1,289,682        1,248,983
Common stockholders' equity                   164,450         413,230         439,400         371,410          294,948
Other Data:
EBITDA/(6)/                                    91,465         110,759         230,131         267,309          259,552
Ratio of earnings to fixed
 charges/(7)/                                    1.7x            1.2x            1.0x            1.2x             1.2x
Capital expenditures                           47,164          61,257         106,385          84,200           87,315
Net cash provided by (used in)
 operating activities                          49,364         (69,134)         36,058          78,126          187,723
Net cash used in investing
 activities                                   (54,859)       (322,896)       (499,830)        (61,652)         (96,406)
Net cash provided by (used in)
 financing activities                          38,701         418,314         449,473         (17,000)         (95,446)

(1) During fiscal 1995, the Company recorded a loss of $3,597 (net of a tax benefit of $2,300) resulting from the early retirement of the former U.S. Credit Agreement in connection with entering into a new U.S. Credit Agreement.

(2) During fiscal 1996, the Company recorded a loss of $9,600 (net of a tax benefit of $5,958) from the early retirement of debt under the U.S. Credit Agreement.

(3) During fiscal 1997, the Company recorded a loss of $2,767 with no income tax effect resulting from a modification of debt in connection with entering into a series of bond swap agreements for $38,000 (principal amount) of its 10% and 10 3/4% Senior Notes.

19

(4) During fiscal 1998, the Company recorded a loss of $28,513 (net of tax benefit of $3,667) resulting from a modification of debt in connection with entering a bond swap agreement for $7,500 (principal amount) of its 10% Senior Notes; the retirement of its 10.75% Senior Notes and the remainder of its 12.25% Senior Subordinated Deferred Coupon Debentures; the retirement of the U.S. Credit Agreements and European Facilities Agreement in connection with entering into the Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement; a modification of debt in connection with reducing the maximum commitment on the European Facilities Agreement; a modification of debt in connection with entering into a series of bond swap agreements for $13,500 (principal amount) of its 10% Senior Notes; and the redemption of $108,119 (face value) of its outstanding 12.25% Zero-Coupon Bonds.

(5) Effective April 1, 1993, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards ("SFAS") No. 106, "Accounting for Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions," which resulted in a charge of $12,700 with no income tax effect because of the uncertainty of deductibility at that time.

(6) Represents earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation of property, plant and equipment, amortization of goodwill and equity in earnings of joint ventures. EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to net income as an indicator of the Company's operating performance or to cash flows as a measure of liquidity. See "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations."

(7) For purposes of computing the ratio of earnings to fixed charges, earnings consist of income (loss) before income taxes plus fixed charges (excluding capitalized interest). Fixed charges consist of interest expense, amortization of debt expense, capitalized interest, and one-third of rent expense, representative of the interest factor.

20

Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

General

The mild winters of the past three years had a substantial adverse effect on the Company's results of operations for fiscal 1996, 1997 and 1998. See "Seasonality and Weather."

The Company through its European operations is exposed to foreign currency risk in most Western European countries, principally France, Spain, Germany, Italy and the U.K. The Company does not have material operations in countries whose economies can be classified as hyper-inflationary. Movements of exchange rates vis-a-vis the U.S. dollar can result in both unrealized and realized exchange gains or losses. In some instances gains in one currency may be offset by losses in another as all currencies may not move in unison vis-a-vis the U.S. dollar. It is the policy of the Company to reduce foreign currency risk by balancing net foreign currency positions where possible. In addition, the Company enters into foreign exchange contracts, including forward and purchased option contracts. The Company enters into forward exchange contracts to reduce the exposure to foreign currency fluctuations associated with certain monetary assets and liabilities, as well as certain firm commitments and highly anticipated cash flows. The Company also enters into purchased option contracts which, if exercised, involve the sale or purchase of foreign currency at a fixed exchange rate for a specified time. As of March 31, 1998, the net fair value of open foreign exchange contracts and the related gains and losses were not material.

During fiscal 1998, $67.9 million of the decrease in stockholders' equity was due to foreign currency translation adjustments associated with the continued weakening of most European currencies relative to the U.S. dollar.

Results of Operations

Year Ended March 31, 1998 Compared With Year Ended March 31, 1997

Net sales decreased 2.6% ($60.1 million) to $2,273.1 million in fiscal 1998 from $2,333.2 million in fiscal 1997. The decrease was principally attributable to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates ($171.4 million) and the fiscal 1997 divestiture of Evanite ($27.3 million) offset by the fiscal 1998 acquisition of DETA ($123.5 million). See Note 2 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein. Industrial battery sales (included above) for fiscal year 1998 were $691.4 versus $631.1 million in fiscal 1997.

Although sales decreased 2.6% in fiscal 1998 as compared to fiscal 1997, gross profit actually increased $7.4 million in fiscal 1998 versus 1997. The gross profit margin was 26.5% in fiscal 1998 versus 25.5% in fiscal 1997. The increase in gross profit is largely the result of the acquisition of DETA in fiscal 1998 ($34.9 million), manufacturing cost reductions related to the continuing European rationalization/consolidation process and the favorable effects of certain environmental developments during fiscal 1998. These favorable items were offset in part by the effects of weaker European currencies ($52.4 million) and the fiscal 1997 divestiture of Evanite which contributed $5.7 million of gross profit in fiscal 1997. The gross profit was also favorably affected by the higher gross margins (28.3%) of the DETA acquisition and product mix, including the higher margin Exide NASCAR Select products.

21

Selling, marketing and advertising expenses increased $21.6 million or 7.4% largely due to the acquisition of DETA ($17.6 million), higher U.S. advertising costs for the launch of the Exide NASCAR Select line of products and higher provisions ($2.4 million) for accounts receivable losses primarily as a result of the bankruptcy filings by certain major U.S. retailers mostly during the fourth fiscal quarter. Offsetting these increases were the effects of weaker currencies ($24.1 million), the 1997 Evanite divestiture ($0.6 million) and savings from headcount reductions in Europe resulting from the rationalization/ consolidation. General and administrative expenses decreased $10.3 million or 7% in fiscal 1998 versus 1997 due to the effects of weaker currencies ($10.4 million), the 1997 Evanite divestiture ($3.0 million) and savings from headcount reductions in Europe resulting from rationalization/consolidation offset by the increase due to DETA ($10.8 million). Goodwill amortization decreased slightly as a result of the weakening of European currencies offset by the increased amortization resulting from the DETA acquisition. See Note 2 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein.

Operating income decreased $3.0 million, or 2.1%, as a result of the matters discussed above.

Interest expense decreased $6.5 million, or 5.5%, primarily due to the effect of changes in foreign exchange rates ($5.5 million) and to the lower rates related to the refinancing of debt in fiscal 1998 (see Note 5 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein), offset by the increased expense for the borrowing related to the acquisition of DETA.

Other income, net was $5.9 million for fiscal 1998 versus $12.4 million for fiscal 1997. The $6.5 million decrease principally relates to the fiscal 1997 gain on sale of Evanite ($8.3 million), increased losses on the sales of accounts receivable and associated fees in Europe in fiscal 1998 ($7.6 million) (see Note 10 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein), offset by a gain from an involuntary conversion due to a fire in fiscal 1998 ($5.6 million).

Net income decreased $26.0 million to a loss of $9.8 million in fiscal 1998, primarily as a result of a $28.5 million extraordinary loss (net of income tax benefit of $3.7 million) related to the early retirement of debt. See Note 5 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein.

Year Ended March 31, 1997 Compared With Year Ended March 31, 1996

Net sales decreased less than 1% ($9.4 million) to $2,333.2 million in fiscal 1997 from $2,342.6 million in fiscal 1996. This net decrease principally represents the adverse impact of changes in foreign exchange rates versus the U.S. dollar ($93.0 million) and lower automotive and non-battery sales ($87.0 million), offset by the incremental effect related to the inclusion of CEAc for the entire twelve months of fiscal 1997 (ten months in fiscal 1996) of $123.0 million and higher selling prices in North America and Europe of approximately $50.0 million. Industrial battery sales (included above) for fiscal year 1997 were $631.1 million versus $613.6 million in fiscal 1996.

22

Gross profit increased $42.5 million (7.7%) and gross profit margin increased by 1.9 percentage points in fiscal 1997 versus 1996. The increases in gross profit and gross profit margin were principally the result of the inclusion of CEAc for the entire twelve months of fiscal 1997 ($29.0 million), cost reductions from the European manufacturing rationalization/consolidation process, North American and European selling price increases, and the absence of a $5.5 million judgment recognized in fiscal 1996 related to a patent infringement claim, offset by higher lead costs ($36.0 million), the adverse impact of foreign exchange rates ($25.0 million) and the margin associated with the decline in automotive and non-battery revenues.

Operating expenses increased $24.7 million, or 5.7% in fiscal 1997 versus 1996, primarily due to the inclusion of CEAc for the entire twelve months of fiscal 1997 ($33.9 million), offset by the impact of foreign exchange rates ($16.0 million).

Operating income increased $17.8 million, or 14.4%, as a result of the matters discussed above.

Interest expense decreased $1.8 million, or 1.5% primarily due to lower European interest rates and borrowing levels associated with reduced working capital levels related to the rationalization / consolidation process, offset by the incremental interest cost attributable to the inclusion of CEAc for the entire twelve months of fiscal 1997.

Other income, net was $12.4 million for fiscal 1997 versus $3.7 million for fiscal 1996. This $8.7 million increase principally relates to the $8.3 million gain on the sale of Evanite.

Income before income taxes, minority interest and extraordinary loss increased $28.3 million as a result of the matters discussed above.

Provision for income taxes increased $8.4 million due to the higher level of earnings.

Net income increased $24.9 million, primarily as a result of the matters discussed above and a $6.8 million reduction from fiscal 1996 to 1997 in the extraordinary loss related to the early retirement of debt.

Seasonality and Weather

The automotive aftermarket is seasonal as retail sales of replacement batteries are generally higher in the fall and winter (the Company's second and third fiscal quarters). Accordingly, demand for the Company's automotive batteries is generally highest in the fall and early winter as retailers build inventories in anticipation of the winter season. European sales are concentrated in the fourth calendar quarter (the Company's third quarter), due to the shipment of batteries for the winter season and the practice of many industrial battery customers (particularly governmental and quasi governmental entities) of deferring purchasing decisions until the end of the calendar year. Demand for automotive batteries is significantly affected by weather conditions. Unusually cold winters or hot summers accelerate battery failure and increase demand for automotive replacement batteries.

23

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company's liquidity requirements arise primarily from the funding of its seasonal working capital needs, obligations on its indebtedness and capital expenditures. Historically, the Company has met these liquidity requirements through operating cash flows, with borrowed funds and the proceeds of sales of accounts receivable. The Company is party to a U.S. receivables purchase agreement and a European receivables purchase agreement under which the other parties have committed (subject to certain exceptions) to purchase selected accounts receivable of the Company, up to a maximum commitment of $75.0 million and $175.0 million, respectively. See Note 10 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein. The Company's greatest cash demands from operations occur during the months of June through October. During fiscal 1999 and beyond, the Company also expects to meets its liquidity requirements in the same manner.

Cash flows from operating activities were $36.1 million, $78.1 million and $187.7 million in 1996, 1997, and 1998, respectively. Because of the seasonality of the Company's business, more funds are typically generated in its third and fourth fiscal quarters. During fiscal 1998, $136.7 million of cash provided from operations was due to sales of European accounts receivable. Offsetting this was the payment of $40.3 million for the Company's European restructuring activities, primarily severance associated with plant closures. During fiscal 1998, the Company closed five plants in Europe. All of this is part of the Company's long-term strategy of reducing its manufacturing and distribution cost structure, especially in Europe. In the next several years, the Company will continue to complete the closure of various European plants which will necessitate cash payments for severance and other closure costs. While the Company believes that a large portion of its cash requirements for its European consolidation activities will be generated from operations, it has substantial liquidity and capital resources through its Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement, as discussed below.

The Company's capital expenditures were $106.4 million in fiscal 1996, $84.2 million in fiscal 1997, and $87.3 million in fiscal 1998. Capital expenditures in fiscal 1996, 1997, and 1998 were principally due to the European acquisitions and the acquisition of Schuylkill Metals in fiscal 1996 and on-going capital expenditures in Europe and North America. The Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement restricts the amount of capital expenditures which may be made by the Company and its subsidiaries. See Note 5 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein. However, the Company believes that it has sufficient resources for its capital expenditure programs from operating cash flows and borrowing availability under its existing credit agreements.

24

As of March 31, 1998, the Company had $503.0 million outstanding on its Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement, including letters of credit. Obligations under the Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement bear interest at fluctuating rates. Increases in interest rates on such obligations could adversely affect the Company's results of operations and financial condition. The Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement is fully secured by guarantees of the European subsidiaries and certain fixed assets, inventory and receivables. The Company has an interest rate collar agreement which reduces the impact of changes in interest rates on a portion of the Company's floating rate debt. The collar agreement effectively limits the PIBOR base interest rate on 593.1 million French francs (U.S. $100.0 million) of borrowings to no more than 6.6% and no less than 3.5% through December 23, 2000. The Company has two currency and interest rate swap agreements which effectively converts $175 million of borrowings under the Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement into 778.8 million French francs (U.S. $133 million) and 25.2 million British pound sterling (U.S. $42 million). The Company receives LIBOR and pays PIBOR and pound sterling LIBOR. Additionally, the Company entered into a series of bond swaps agreements which effectively converted $40.6 million (principal amount) of the 10% Senior Notes into a variable LIBOR interest rate through April 15, 2000. The Company has the right to terminate the $40.6 million bond swap agreements at any time before maturity.

As of March 31, 1998, the Company had $135.4 million available under its Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement after consideration of $30.9 million of outstanding letters of credit. See Note 5 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein.

As of March 31, 1998, the Company has significant NOL carryforwards in Europe and in the United States which are available, subject to certain restrictions, to offset future U.S. and European taxable income. See Note 9 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein.

Year 2000 Issue

The Year 2000 issue results from the fact that some computer systems and applications utilizing two-digit date fields to designate years may not correctly interpret the year 2000. As a result, some date-sensitive systems may recognize the year 2000 as 1900, or not at all, which may cause systems to process financial and operational information incorrectly. The Company has assessed the impact of the Year 2000 issue, including cost estimates to complete required changes. Plans to address the Year 2000 issue have been developed and are being implemented. Currently, the Company does not expect that the costs to be incurred will be material to the results of operations or financial condition, and expects all affected systems and applications to be modified or replaced in advance of the year 2000.

25

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In the second quarter of fiscal 1997, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards ("SFAS") No. 130, "Reporting Comprehensive Income," and SFAS No. 131, "Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information." In the fourth quarter of fiscal 1998, the FASB issued SFAS No. 132, "Employer's Disclosure about Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits." The Company will be required to adopt these new standards in fiscal 1999. These new pronouncements will be a change in the currently required disclosures to the consolidated financial statements, which the Company is currently in the process of determining.

Effect of Inflation

Inflation has not had a material impact on the operations of the Company during the past three years. The Company generally has been able to offset the effects of inflation with price increases, cost-reduction programs and operating efficiencies.

Future Environmental Developments

The Company is subject to extensive federal, state, local and foreign environmental, health and safety laws and regulations. In the future environmental, health and safety standards may be more stringent. The Company anticipates that such potential standards could cause an increase in the Company's capital expenditures and operating costs. Unless and until the standards are adopted it is not possible to estimate these costs with any certainty or to predict whether they will have a material effect on the Company's financial condition or results of operations.

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

See Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Schedule at page F-1.

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

Not applicable.

PART III

Item 10. Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant

The biographical information under the heading Election of Directors in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its annual meeting of stockholders to be held on August 12, 1998, is hereby incorporated by reference.

In addition to the executive officers named in the biographical section, Messr. William J. Rankin is an executive officer.

26

Mr. Rankin (age 60), Executive Vice President of the Company, has been primarily responsible for operations since June 1987. Mr. Rankin was formerly on the Board of Directors. His prior experience was with Monroe Automotive Equipment Company where he served as Vice President of Manufacturing as well as Vice President of Product Engineering.

Item 11. Executive Compensation

The information under the heading Executive Compensation in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its annual meeting of stockholders to be held on August 12, 1998, is hereby incorporated by reference.

Item 12. Description of Capital Stock

The information under the heading Stock Ownership in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its annual meeting of stockholders to be held on August 12, 1998, is hereby incorporated by reference.

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

The information under the heading Certain Transactions in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its annual meeting of stockholders to be held on August 12, 1998, is hereby incorporated by reference.

PART IV

Item 14. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules and Reports on Form 8-K

(a) Index to Financial Statements See Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Schedule at page F-1.

(b) Reports on Form 8-K No reports on Form 8-K were filed during the last quarter of the period covered by this report.

(c) Exhibits Required by Item 601 of Regulation S-K See Index to Exhibits.

(d) Financial Statement Schedules See Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Schedule at page F-1.

27

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT FOR PURPOSES OF THE
SAFE HARBOR PROVISION OF THE
PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995

Except for historical information, this report may be deemed to contain "forward-looking" statements. The Company desires to avail itself of the Safe Harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the "Act") and is including this cautionary statement for the express purpose of availing itself of the protection afforded by the Act.

Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to (a) projections of revenues, cost of raw materials, income or loss, earnings or loss per share, capital expenditures, growth prospects, dividends, the effect of currency translations, capital structure and other financial items, (b) statements of plans of and objectives of the Company or its management or Board of Directors, including the introduction of new products, or estimates or predictions of actions by customers, suppliers, competitors or regulating authorities, (c) statements of future economic performance and (d) statements of assumptions, such as the prevailing weather conditions in the Company's market areas, underlying other statements and statements about the Company or its business.

The Company's core business, the design, manufacture and sale of lead acid batteries, and the Company's structure involves risk and uncertainty. Important factors that could affect the Company's results include, but are not limited to
(i) unseasonable weather (warm winters and cool summers) which adversely affects demand for automotive and some industrial batteries, (ii) the Company's substantial debt and debt service requirements which restrict the Company's operational and financial flexibility, as well as imposing significant interest and financing costs, (iii) the Company's assets include the tax benefits of net operating loss carry forwards, realization of which are dependent upon future taxable income, (iv) lead, which experiences significant fluctuations in market price and which, as a hazardous material, may give rise to costly environmental and safety claims, can affect the Company's results because it is a major constituent in most of the Company's products, (v) the battery markets in North America and Europe are very competitive and, as a result, it is often difficult to maintain margins, (vi) the Company's consolidation and rationalization of recently acquired European entities requires substantial management time and financial and other resources and is not without risk, and (vii) foreign operations involve risks such as disruption of markets, changes in import and export laws, currency restrictions and currency exchange rate fluctuations. Therefore, the Company cautions each reader of this report to carefully consider those factors hereinabove set forth, because such factors have, in some instances, affected and in the future could affect, the ability of the Company to achieve its projected results and may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed herein.

28

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

EXIDE CORPORATION

                                      By:  /s/ Arthur M. Hawkins
                                           ------------------------
                                           Arthur M. Hawkins,
                                           President


                                      By:  /s/ Alan E. Gauthier
                                           ------------------------
                                           Alan E. Gauthier
                                           Principal Financial and
                                           Accounting Officer



Date:   June 29, 1998
     ------------------

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the date indicated.

By:    /s/ Arthur M. Hawkins              By:    /s/ Douglas N. Pearson
     --------------------------                ------------------------------
     Arthur M. Hawkins, President                Douglas N. Pearson, Executive
      Chairman of the Board and                Vice President, President - North
              Director                         American Operations and Director

By:    /s/ Alan E. Gauthier               By:    /s/ Earl Dolive
     --------------------------                ------------------------------
     Alan E. Gauthier, Executive                        Earl Dolive
     Vice President and Director                          Director

By:    /s/ Robert H. Irwin                By:    /s/ Thomas J. Reilly, Jr.
     --------------------------                ------------------------------
           Robert H. Irwin                          Thomas J. Reilly, Jr.
              Director                                    Director

By:    /s/ Arthur R. Taylor               By:    /s/ James T. Watson
     --------------------------                ------------------------------
          Arthur R. Taylor                             James T. Watson
              Director                                     Director

29

Exhibits:

3.1 Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Registrant's Registration Statement on Form S-3 (No. 333 - 29991).

3.2 Restated Bylaws of the Registrant, incorporated by reference to Exhibit of same number to the 1993 Registration Statement.

4.1 Registration Rights Agreement among the Registrant, Wilmington Securities, Inc. and certain other holders of the Registrant's Common Stock, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.14 to the 1993 Registration Statement.

4.2 Indenture dated as of April 28, 1995, between the Registrant and The Bank of New York, as trustee, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.3 of the Registrant's Form 8-K dated June 2, 1995.

4.3 Indenture dated as of December 15, 1995 between the Registrant and The Bank of New York, as trustee, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.7 to the 1996 Form 10-K.

4.4 Fiscal and Paying Agency Agreement, dated April 23, 1997, by and among Exide Holding Europe S.A., Exide Corporation, The Bank of New York and Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.9 to the 1997 Form 10-K.

10.1 Receivables Purchase Agreement, dated as of March 31, 1997, among Exide U.S. Funding Corporation, Three Rivers Funding Corporation and the Registrant, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the 1997 Form 10- K.

10.2 Sale Agreement, dated March 31, 1997, between the Registrant and Exide U.S. Funding Corporation, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the 1997 Form 10-K.

10.3 Employment Agreement dated June 15, 1985 between the Registrant and Arthur M. Hawkins, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 of the Registrant's Registration Statement on Form S-1 (No. 33-13632), as amended (the "S-1 Registration Statement").

10.4 Employment Agreement dated June 15, 1985 between the Registrant and Douglas N. Pearson, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 to the S-1 Registration Statement.

10.5 Employment Agreement dated June 1, 1987 between the Registrant and William J. Rankin.

10.6 Amendment dated July 7, 1988 to Employment Agreement between the Registrant and Douglas N. Pearson, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant's Form 10-Q for the quarter ended October 2, 1988.

10.7 Lease Agreement dated July 1, 1988 between the Registrant and an officer of the Registrant pertaining to Chippewa Trail Lodge, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.28 to the 1989 10-K.

30

10.8  Amendment to Lease Agreement dated October 24, 1988 between the Registrant
      and Chippewa Trail Lodge, Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.29
      to the 1989 10-K.

10.9  Assignment of Lease dated July 1, 1988 between an officer of the
      Registrant and Chippewa Trail Lodge, Inc., incorporated by reference to
      Exhibit 10.30 to the 1989 10-K.

10.10 Assignment and Assumption of Lease dated October 24, 1988 between an officer of the Registrant and Chippewa Trail Lodge, Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.31 to the 1989 10-K.

10.11 Second Amendment to Lease Agreement dated July 1, 1995 between the Registrant and Chippewa Trail Lodge, Inc.

10.12 Lease Agreements (Series A and Series B) dated September 1, 1976 pertaining to the Salina, Kansas manufacturing facilities, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.22 to the S-1 Registration Statement.

10.13 Lease Agreement dated August 1, 1978, pertaining to the Reading, Pennsylvania engineering facilities, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.23 to the S-1 Registration Statement.

10.14 Lease Agreement dated January 5, 1978, pertaining to the City of Industry, California distribution facilities, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.24 to the S-1 Registration Statement.

10.15 Lease Agreement dated August 11, 1986, pertaining to the Sumner, Washington Distribution facilities, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.27 to the S-1 Registration Statement.

10.16 Lease Agreement beginning December 1, 1987, pertaining to the Travelers Rest, South Carolina distribution facilities, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.27 to the Registrant's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1988.

10.17 Asset Purchase Agreement, dated as of June 10, 1991, between the Registrant and Yuasa Battery (America), Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 1 to the Registrant's Form 8-K dated June 25, 1991.

10.18 EC Acquisition, Inc. 1993 Stock Award Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.23 to the 1993 Registration Statement.

10.19 Exide 1993 Long Term Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.25 to the 1993 Registration Statement.

10.20 Exide 1997 Stock Option Plan

31

10.21      Agreement dated September 30, 1994, among Gemala (Isle of Man)
           Limited, PT Sapta Panji Manggala, and B.I.G. Batteries Group Limited.
           Deed dated September 30, 1994, among Euro Exide Corporation Limited,
           Gemala (Isle of Man) Limited and B.I.G. Batteries Group Limited.
           Master Agreement dated September 30, 1994 among Euro Exide
           Corporation Limited, Gemala (Isle of Man) Limited, B.I.G. Batteries
           Group Limited and PT Sapta Panji Manggala, incorporated by reference
           to Exhibit 10.24 of the December 1994 Registration Statement.

10.22      Credit and Guarantee Agreement dated December 19, 1997 among the
           Registrant, certain of the Registrant's subsidiaries, Lehman Brothers
           Inc., Credit Suisse First Boston, Lehman Commercial Paper Inc. and
           other lenders and related amendment dated May 27, 1998.

10.23      Receivables Sale Agreement, dated June 3, 1997 among CMP Batteries
           Limited, Exide (Dagenham) Limited, Fulmen (U.K.) Limited, B.I.G.
           Batteries Limited and Exide Europe Funding LTD.

10.24      Lease Agreement dated February 7, 1994, pertaining to the Bristol,
           Tennessee manufacturing facility and related amendment dated May 1995
           incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.27 to the 1996 Form 10-K.

21.1       Subsidiaries of the Registrant.

23.1       Consent of independent public accountants.

27.1-27.8  Financial data schedules.

32

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SCHEDULE

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS                            F-2

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS                               F-3

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS                                         F-4

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY                     F-6

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS                               F-7

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS                          F-8

CONSOLIDATED SUPPORTING SCHEDULE FILED:

  II--VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS AND RESERVES                F-36

All other schedules are omitted because they are not applicable, not required, or the information required to be set forth therein is included in the Consolidated Financial Statements or in the Notes thereto.

F-1

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of Exide Corporation:

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Exide Corporation (a Delaware corporation) and subsidiaries as of March 31, 1997 and 1998, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders' equity and cash flows for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended March 31, 1998. These financial statements and the schedule referred to below are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and the schedule based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Exide Corporation and subsidiaries as of March 31, 1997 and 1998, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended March 31, 1998, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles.

Our audits were made for the purpose of forming an opinion on the basic financial statements taken as a whole. The schedule listed in the accompanying index to consolidated financial statements is presented for purposes of complying with the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and is not part of the basic financial statements. This schedule has been subjected to the auditing procedures applied in our audits of the basic financial statements and, in our opinion, fairly states in all material respects the financial data required to be set forth therein in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole.

ARTHUR ANDERSEN LLP

Philadelphia, Pa.,
June 26, 1998

F-2

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except share and per-share data)

                                                       For the Fiscal Year Ended March 31
                                                 ---------------------------------------------
                                                     1996            1997             1998
                                                 ------------    ------------     ------------
NET SALES                                        $  2,342,616    $  2,333,230     $  2,273,126

COST OF SALES                                       1,789,810       1,737,954        1,670,408
                                                 ------------    ------------     ------------

         Gross profit                                 552,806         595,276          602,718
                                                 ------------    ------------     ------------

OPERATING EXPENSES:
    Selling, marketing and advertising                276,076         290,076          311,683
    General and administrative                        137,086         145,869          135,606
    Goodwill amortization                              15,969          17,853           16,922
                                                 ------------    ------------     ------------
                                                      429,131         453,798          464,211
                                                 ------------    ------------     ------------

         Operating income                             123,675         141,478          138,507

INTEREST EXPENSE, net                                 120,600         118,837          112,301
OTHER INCOME, net                                      (3,655)        (12,382)          (5,852)
                                                 ------------    ------------     ------------
         Income before income taxes, minority
           interest and extraordinary loss              6,730          35,023           32,058

INCOME TAX PROVISION                                    6,300          14,732           13,475
                                                 ------------    ------------     ------------
         Income before minority interest
           and extraordinary loss                         430          20,291           18,583

MINORITY INTEREST                                        (509)          1,299             (114)
                                                 ------------    ------------     ------------

         Income before extraordinary loss                 939          18,992           18,697

EXTRAORDINARY LOSS RELATED TO EARLY
    RETIREMENT OF DEBT, net of income tax
    benefit of $5,958, $0 and $3,667                   (9,600)         (2,767)         (28,513)
                                                 ------------    ------------     ------------

         Net income (loss)                       $     (8,661)   $     16,225     $     (9,816)
                                                 ============    ============     ============
BASIC EARNINGS PER SHARE:
    Income before extraordinary loss             $       0.05    $       0.92     $       0.91
    Extraordinary loss                                  (0.49)          (0.13)           (1.39)
                                                 ------------    ------------     ------------
         Net income (loss)                       $      (0.44)   $       0.79     $      (0.48)
                                                 ============    ============     ============
DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE:
    Income before extraordinary loss             $       0.05    $       0.90     $       0.87
    Extraordinary loss                                  (0.47)          (0.13)           (1.32)
                                                 ------------    ------------     ------------
         Net income (loss)                       $      (0.42)   $       0.77     $      (0.45)
                                                 ============    ============     ============
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES:
    Basic                                          19,586,594      20,502,014       20,587,782
                                                 ============    ============     ============

    Diluted                                        20,384,805      21,204,241       21,641,786
                                                 ============    ============     ============

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

F-3

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share and per-share data)

March 31

ASSETS 1997 1998

CURRENT ASSETS:

    Cash and cash equivalents                        $    42,706   $    35,613
    Receivables, net of allowance for doubtful
      accounts of $38,486 and $37,488                    569,683       434,679
    Inventories                                          533,514       572,188
    Prepaid expenses and other                            21,889        32,455
    Deferred income taxes                                 23,667        14,896
                                                     -----------   -----------

                Total current assets                   1,191,459     1,089,831
                                                     -----------   -----------
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT:
    Land                                                  50,873        50,401
    Buildings and improvements                           205,826       221,168
    Machinery and equipment                              500,883       419,242
    Construction in progress                              40,190        53,354
                                                     -----------   -----------

                                                         797,772       744,165
    Less- accumulated depreciation and amortization     (275,936)     (209,052)
                                                     -----------   -----------

                Property, plant and equipment, net       521,836       535,113
                                                     -----------   -----------
OTHER ASSETS:
    Goodwill, net                                        596,254       570,251
    Investments in affiliates                             24,016        24,620
    Deferred financing costs, net                         26,770        20,050
    Deferred income taxes                                 54,618        61,461
    Other                                                 37,854        47,290
                                                     -----------   -----------

                                                         739,512       723,672
                                                     -----------   -----------

                Total assets                         $ 2,452,807   $ 2,348,616
                                                     ===========   ===========

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

(Continued)

F-4

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)

(In thousands, except share and per-share data)

                                                                                  March 31
                                                                       -------------------------------
                                                                           1997                1998
                                                                       -----------         -----------
           LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
           ------------------------------------
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
    Short-term borrowings                                              $    16,123         $    17,953
    Current maturities of long-term debt                                    37,488              35,112
    Accounts payable, trade and other                                      236,889             255,952
    Accrued interest                                                        24,671              26,865
    Accrued compensation                                                    98,316              66,160
    Product warranty reserve                                                36,243              35,192
    Other current liabilities                                              125,601             113,681
                                                                       -----------         -----------

                Total current liabilities                                  575,331             550,915
                                                                       -----------         -----------

LONG-TERM DEBT                                                           1,236,071           1,195,918
                                                                       -----------         -----------

NONCURRENT RETIREMENT OBLIGATIONS                                          107,756             114,480
                                                                       -----------         -----------

OTHER NONCURRENT LIABILITIES                                               142,791             173,051
                                                                       -----------         -----------

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (Notes 12 and 14)

MINORITY INTEREST                                                           19,448              19,304
                                                                       -----------         -----------
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY:
    Common stock, $.01 par value, 60,000,000 shares authorized;
       21,336,757 and 21,328,439 shares issued and outstanding                 213                 213
    Additional paid-in capital                                             489,427             489,851
    Accumulated deficit                                                    (21,569)            (33,084)
    Notes receivable--stock award plan                                      (1,696)             (1,609)
    Unearned compensation                                                     (516)               (322)
    Minimum pension liability adjustment                                    (4,993)             (2,767)
    Cumulative translation adjustment                                      (89,456)           (157,334)
                                                                       -----------         -----------

                Total stockholders' equity                                 371,410             294,948
                                                                       -----------         -----------

                Total liabilities and stockholders' equity             $ 2,452,807         $ 2,348,616
                                                                       ===========         ===========

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

F-5

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
FOR THE FISCAL YEARS ENDED MARCH 31, 1996, 1997 and 1998
(In thousands, except per-share data)

                                                                                 Notes                     Minimum
                                                    Additional                Receivable-                  Pension      Cumulative
                                         Common      Paid-In    Accumulated   Stock Award     Unearned    Liability     Translation
                                          Stock      Capital      Deficit        Plan       Compensation  Adjustment    Adjustment
                                        ---------   ---------    ---------     ---------     ---------     ---------     ---------
Balance at March 31, 1995               $     200   $ 443,446    $ (25,837)    $  (1,774)    $  (1,806)    $  (5,527)    $   4,528
    Net loss for fiscal 1996                   --          --       (8,661)           --            --            --            --
    Common stock issued for
      acquisitions                              9      48,135           --            --            --            --            --
    Common stock issued under
      employee stock purchase plan             --         100           --            --            --            --            --
    Forfeiture of common stock grants          --        (762)          --            78           709            --            --
    Amortization of unearned
      compensation                             --          --           --            --           387            --            --
    Cash dividends paid ($0.08/share)          --          --       (1,623)           --            --            --            --
    Minimum pension liability
      adjustment                               --          --           --            --            --          (429)           --
    Translation adjustment                     --          --           --            --            --            --       (11,773)
                                        ---------   ---------    ---------     ---------     ---------     ---------     ---------
Balance at March 31, 1996                     209     490,919      (36,121)       (1,696)         (710)       (5,956)       (7,245)
    Net income for fiscal 1997                 --          --       16,225            --            --            --            --
    Common stock issued for
      acquisitions                              4      (1,741)          --            --            --            --            --
    Common stock issued under
      employee stock purchase plan             --         211           --            --            --            --            --
    Common stock issued pursuant
      to Board of Directors grants             --          38           --            --            --            --            --
    Amortization of unearned
      compensation                             --          --           --            --           194            --            --
    Cash dividends paid ($0.08/share)          --          --       (1,673)           --            --            --            --
    Minimum pension liability
      adjustment                               --          --           --            --            --           963            --
    Translation adjustment                     --          --           --            --            --            --       (82,211)
                                        ---------   ---------    ---------     ---------     ---------     ---------     ---------
Balance at March 31, 1997                     213     489,427      (21,569)       (1,696)         (516)       (4,993)      (89,456)
    Net loss for fiscal 1998                   --          --       (9,816)           --            --            --            --
    Common stock issued under
      employee stock purchase plan             --         172           --            --            --            --            --
    Common stock issued pursuant
      to Board of Directors grants             --         318           --            --            --            --            --
    Forfeiture of common stock grants          --         (66)          --            66            --            --            --
    Payment for common stock grants            --          --           --            21            --            --            --
    Amortization of unearned
      compensation                             --          --           --            --           194            --            --
    Cash dividends paid ($0.08/share)          --          --       (1,699)           --            --            --            --
    Minimum pension liability
      adjustment                               --          --           --            --            --         2,226            --
    Translation adjustment                     --          --           --            --            --            --       (67,878)
                                        ---------   ---------    ---------     ---------     ---------     ---------     ---------
Balance at March 31, 1998               $     213   $ 489,851    $ (33,084)    $  (1,609)    $    (322)    $  (2,767)    $(157,334)
                                        =========   =========    =========     =========     =========     =========     =========

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

F-6

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)

                                                                          For the Fiscal Year Ended March 31
                                                                    ---------------------------------------------
                                                                       1996             1997              1998
                                                                    ---------         ---------         ---------
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
    Net income (loss)                                               $  (8,661)        $  16,225         $  (9,816)
    Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash
      provided by operating activities-
       Depreciation and amortization                                  106,717           115,308           109,167
       Extraordinary loss                                               9,600             2,767            28,513
       Gain on sale of business                                            --            (8,344)               --
       Deferred income taxes                                              300             6,255             6,515
       Original issue discount on notes                                12,411            19,502            10,080
       Provision for losses on accounts receivable                      4,016             4,638             7,060
       Minority interest                                                 (509)            1,299              (114)

    Net proceeds from sale of European receivables                         --                --           136,666

    Changes in assets and liabilities excluding effects
      of acquisitions and divestitures-
       Receivables                                                    (24,973)          (27,382)          (10,553)
       Inventories                                                     46,832            22,717           (29,871)
       Prepaid expenses and other                                      16,522            (6,766)           (7,801)
       Payables and accrued expenses                                 (131,035)          (72,424)          (32,899)
       Other, net                                                       4,838             4,331           (19,224)
                                                                    ---------         ---------         ---------
         Net cash provided by operating activities                     36,058            78,126           187,723
                                                                    ---------         ---------         ---------
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
    Acquisitions of certain businesses                               (401,325)          (15,057)          (40,455)
    Capital expenditures                                             (106,385)          (84,200)          (87,315)
    Equipment purchase held for sale                                       --                --            (8,015)
    Proceeds from sales of assets                                       7,880            37,605            50,303
    Insurance proceeds from fire damage                                    --                --             9,300
    Costs incurred related to fire damage                                  --                --           (20,224)
                                                                    ---------         ---------         ---------
         Net cash used in investing activities                       (499,830)          (61,652)          (96,406)
                                                                    ---------         ---------         ---------
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
    Increase (decrease) in short-term borrowings                      (71,701)            9,080             2,743
    Borrowings under Global Credit Facilities Agreement                    --                --           540,022
    Repayments under Global Credit Facilities Agreement                    --                --           (67,886)
    Borrowings under U.S. Credit Agreement                                 --            17,000           272,500
    Repayment of U.S. Credit Agreement borrowings                    (194,500)               --          (289,500)
    Repayment of Former European Facilities Agreement                (156,873)               --                --
    Borrowings under European Facilities Agreement                    436,940                --           151,884
    Repayment of European Facilities Agreement                             --           (25,329)         (474,854)
    Repayment of European Term Loans                                  (51,265)          (11,138)               --
    Repayment of Guaranteed Unsecured Loan Notes                      (35,282)               --                --
    Repayment of Spanish Convertible Notes                            (23,675)               --                --
    Repayment of Acquired Debt                                             --                --           (64,644)
    Issuance of 9.125% Senior Notes                                        --                --           102,130
    Issuance of 2.9% Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes            287,797                --                --
    Issuance of 10% Senior Notes                                      300,000                --                --
    Retirement of 10.75% Senior Notes                                      --                --          (150,000)
    Retirement of 12.25% Senior Subordinated Notes                         --                --          (106,002)
    Increase (decrease) in other debt                                  (9,455)           (3,445)            7,002
    Debt issuance costs                                               (30,890)           (1,495)          (17,142)
    Dividends paid                                                     (1,623)           (1,673)           (1,699)
                                                                    ---------         ---------         ---------
         Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities          449,473           (17,000)          (95,446)
                                                                    ---------         ---------         ---------
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH AND
    CASH EQUIVALENTS                                                   (1,803)           (4,027)           (2,964)
                                                                    ---------         ---------         ---------

NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS                             (16,102)           (4,553)           (7,093)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF YEAR                           63,361            47,259            42,706
                                                                    ---------         ---------         ---------
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF YEAR                              $  47,259         $  42,706         $  35,613
                                                                    =========         =========         =========
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
    Cash paid during the year for -
       Interest (net of amounts capitalized)                        $  86,557         $  92,726         $  96,415
       Income taxes                                                 $   9,243         $  15,224         $   6,423

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

F-7

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(In thousands, except share and per-share data)

1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Exide Corporation and all of its majority-owned subsidiaries (collectively the "Company"). All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated.

Investments in affiliates largely represents investments accounted for by the cost method. Investments in 20%- to 50%-owned companies are included in the consolidated financial statements on the basis of the equity method of accounting. The Company's equity in the net income (loss) of these companies is not material.

Nature of Operations

The Company is a leading manufacturer and marketer of starting, lighting and ignition ("SLI") batteries. The Company produces SLI batteries for both the aftermarket and original equipment manufacturers ("OEM") in North America and Europe. The Company also manufactures and markets industrial batteries in Europe. Industrial sales include both standby and traction battery lines. Individual customers include telecommunication companies, European navies and the electric vehicle operations of large European companies. Other products manufactured include batteries for trucks, farm equipment and other off-road vehicles, boats, garden tractors and golf carts, battery chargers and accessories, wheel weights, and remanufactured starters and alternators.

Seasonality and Weather

The automotive aftermarket is seasonal as retail sales of replacement batteries are generally higher in the fall and winter (the Company's second and third fiscal quarters). Accordingly, demand for the Company's automotive batteries is generally highest in the fall and early winter as retailers build inventories in anticipation of the winter season. European sales are concentrated in the fourth calendar quarter (the Company's third fiscal quarter) due to the shipment of batteries for the winter season and the practice of many industrial battery customers (particularly governmental and quasi-governmental entities) of deferring purchasing decisions until the end of the calendar year. Demand for automotive batteries is significantly affected by weather conditions. Unusually cold winters or hot summers accelerate battery failure and increase demand for automotive replacement batteries.

F-8

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

Major Customers and Concentration of Credit

The Company has a number of major retail and OEM customers, both in North America and Europe. No single customer accounted for more than 10% of consolidated net sales. The Company does not believe that a material part of its business is dependent upon a single customer the loss of which would have a material impact on the long-term business of the Company. However, the loss of one or more of the Company's largest customers would have a negative short-term impact on the Company's results of operations. During fiscal 1998 three of the Company's North American retail customers declared bankruptcy. In connection with these bankruptcies, the Company recorded additional provisions of $6,300.

Foreign Currency Translation

Assets and liabilities of the Company's foreign subsidiaries and affiliates are translated into U.S. dollars at the current rate of exchange existing at year- end, and revenues and expenses are translated at average monthly exchange rates. Translation gains or losses are recorded in a separate component of stockholders' equity, and transaction gains and losses are included in other income, net. The Company recorded transaction gains of $6,453, $5,796 and $6,815 in fiscal 1996, 1997 and 1998, respectively.

For disclosure purposes, foreign currency amounts have been translated into U.S. dollars using the March 31, 1998 spot rate.

Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents.

Inventories

Inventories, which consist of material, labor and overhead, are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined by the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") method for most U.S. inventories and by the first-in, first-out ("FIFO") method for all remaining inventories.

Prepaid expenses and other

Prepaid expenses and other consists principally of the current portion of deferred financing costs, the current portion of customer incentives, deferred sponsorship costs and equipment purchased for subsequent sale and leaseback.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation is calculated by the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of depreciable assets. Accelerated methods are used for tax purposes. Useful lives of depreciable assets, by class, are as follows:

Buildings and improvements 5 to 40 years Machinery and equipment 3 to 10 years

F-9

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

Cost and accumulated depreciation for property retired or disposed of are removed from the accounts, and any gain or loss on disposal is credited or charged to earnings. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. In connection with constructing certain property and equipment, the Company capitalized $2,341, $2,444 and $1,277 of interest costs during fiscal years 1996, 1997 and 1998, respectively. Depreciation expense was $77,397, $82,842 and $78,097 for fiscal years 1996, 1997 and 1998, respectively.

The Company recorded a gain of $5,600 on an involuntary conversion of certain property and equipment due to fire damage in fiscal 1998. Such gain is reflected in other income in the accompanying statements of operations.

Goodwill

Goodwill is amortized over 40 years on a straight-line basis. Accumulated amortization as of March 31, 1997 and 1998, was $44,229 and $58,379, respectively. It is the Company's policy to review goodwill (and other long- lived assets) for possible impairment when an indication of impairment exists on the basis of whether the carrying amount of such assets is fully recoverable from projected, undiscounted net cash flows of the related business. If such review would indicate that the carrying amount of goodwill and/or other long- lived assets is not recoverable, then the Company's policy is to reduce the carrying amount of such assets to fair value. No such reductions are reflected in the accompanying financial statements.

Other Assets

Other assets consist principally of prepaid pension costs related to overfunded pension plans and noncurrent receivables.

Estimated Warranty Costs

The Company recognizes the estimated cost of warranty obligations in the period in which the related products are sold. These estimates are based on historical trends.

Interest Rate Agreements

The Company enters into currency and interest rate hedge agreements to manage interest costs associated with long-term debt. The differential to be paid or received on these agreements is accrued as interest rates change and is recognized monthly over the life of the agreements.

Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes under the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards ("SFAS") No. 109, which requires the use of the liability method in accounting for deferred taxes. If it is more likely than not that some portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized, a valuation allowance is recognized.

F-10

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

Noncurrent Retirement Obligations

Noncurrent retirement obligations consist principally of reserves for pension obligations, postretirement health care and other retirement benefits.

Other Noncurrent Liabilities

Other noncurrent liabilities consist principally of reserves for environmental cleanup, the deferred gain related to the sale/leaseback of machinery and equipment (see Note 14) and severance associated with restructurings and plant closures.

Earnings Per Share

During 1997, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB"), issued SFAS No. 128, "Earnings per Share," which specifies the computation, presentation and disclosure requirements for earnings per share ("EPS") for public companies. Basic EPS is computed using only the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period while diluted EPS is computed assuming conversion of all dilutive securities such as options. The Company adopted this statement in the third quarter of fiscal 1998 and earlier periods presented have been restated. Included below is a reconciliation of shares for the basic and diluted EPS computations.

                                    1996        1997        1998
                                 ----------  ----------  ----------
Basic EPS Shares                 19,586,594  20,502,014  20,587,782
Effect of Dilutive Securities       798,211     702,227   1,054,004
                                 ----------  ----------  ----------
Diluted EPS Shares               20,384,805  21,204,241  21,641,786
                                 ==========  ==========  ==========

There is no difference between the basic and diluted EPS calculations for income before extraordinary loss. The Effect of Dilutive Securities in the above table is primarily comprised of stock options and grants.

Options to purchase 496,000 shares ranging from $25-7/8 to $50 were outstanding at March 31, 1998 but were not included in the computation of diluted EPS because the option's exercise price was greater than the average market price of the common shares. These options expire in the years 2000 to 2006.

The Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes (see Note 5), which if converted would result in an additional 4,992,571 shares, have not been included in the diluted EPS calculation for all periods presented since the effect would be antidilutive.

Revenue Recognition

The Company records sales upon product shipment.

F-11

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

Advertising

The Company generally expenses advertising costs as incurred. The Company is party to certain sponsorship agreements, whereby they recognize the related costs over the life of the agreement. Unamortized amounts under such agreements are not material at March 31, 1997 and 1998.

Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Risks Associated with International Operations and Currency Risk

The Company's international operations are subject to risks normally associated with foreign operations, including, but not limited to, the disruption of markets, changes in export or import laws, restrictions on currency exchanges and the modification or introduction of other government policies with potentially adverse effects. The majority of the Company's sales and expenses are denominated in currencies other than U.S. dollars, and changes in exchange rates may have a material effect on the Company's reported results of operations and financial position. In addition, a significant portion of the Company's indebtedness relating to foreign acquisitions is denominated in U.S. dollars whereas the related sales are denominated in foreign currencies. During fiscal 1997 and 1998, major European currencies weakened significantly which resulted in large reductions of stockholders' equity.

The Company, enters into foreign exchange contracts, including forward and purchased option contracts. The Company enters into forward exchange contracts to reduce the exposure to foreign currency fluctuations associated with certain monetary assets and liabilities, as well as certain firm commitments and highly anticipated cash flows. The Company is also party to purchased option contracts which, if exercised, involve the sale or purchase of foreign currency at a fixed exchange rate for a specified period of time. As of March 31, 1998 the net value of open forward exchange and purchased option contracts and the related gains and losses were not material.

Reclassifications

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the fiscal 1998 presentation.

F-12

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In the second quarter of fiscal 1997, the FASB issued SFAS No. 130, "Reporting Comprehensive Income," and SFAS No. 131, "Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information." In the fourth quarter of fiscal 1998, the FASB issued SFAS No. 132, "Employer's Disclosure about Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits." The Company will be required to adopt these new standards in fiscal 1999 and restate prior periods presented. The effect of adopting these new pronouncements will be a change in the currently required disclosures to the consolidated financial statements which the Company is currently in the process of determining.

2. ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURES:

Effective September 1, 1997, the Company acquired three related German producers and marketers of starter, lighting and ignition ("SLI") batteries and industrial batteries, DETA Akkumulatorenwerk GmbH, MAREG Accumulatoren GmbH and FRIWO SILBERKRAFT GmbH (together "DETA") for approximately $34,000 plus assumed debt of approximately $64,600. This acquisition was accounted for as a purchase and the results of DETA's operations are included in the Company's consolidated statements of operations effective September 1, 1997. The cost of the acquisition has been allocated on the basis of the estimated fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed. With respect to the acquisition of DETA, the Company recorded liabilities of $27,800, related to severance benefits to be paid to certain employees who will be terminated as a result of targeted DETA plant closings and other associated closing costs. Through March 31, 1998, $400 of severance benefits have been paid. Remaining expenditures are expected to occur over the next several years as the Company is required to comply with European Union and other applicable regulations. This acquisition resulted in goodwill of approximately $33,600.

In May 1995, the Company acquired 99.7% of the outstanding stock of Compagnie Europeene d'Accumulateurs S.A. ("CEAc"), which was one of the largest SLI producers and largest industrial battery manufacturer in Europe, for approximately $425,000 in cash ($553,500 less assumed debt of $131,900 plus interest from March 31, 1995, of $3,400). This acquisition was accounted for as a purchase, and the results of CEAc's operations are included in the Company's consolidated statements of operations effective June 1, 1995. Subsequent open market purchases of CEAc stock have increased the ownership to 100%. The cost of the acquisition has been allocated on the basis of the estimated fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed. In accordance with Emerging Issues Task Force Issue No. 87-11 ("EITF 87-11"), reserves of $12,000 were established in fiscal 1996 for the expected 12-month operating losses attributable to certain manufacturing and distribution facilities acquired that were identified for closure and sale, all of which have been utilized.

In October 1994, and through subsequent purchases, the Company acquired approximately 95.8% of the outstanding capital stock and approximately 25% of the convertible bonds of Sociedad Espanola del Acumulador Tudor, S.A. ("Tudor") for approximately $241,000 (before fees and expenses).

F-13

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

In January 1996, the Company acquired the remaining 25% minority interest in a subsidiary of CEAc, in exchange for 350,000 shares of the Company's common stock. Pursuant to the purchase, the holder of these shares received 366,009 additional shares of the Company's common stock in 1997 as an adjustment in the number of shares issued for changes in the Company's stock price.

With respect to its CEAc and Tudor acquisitions, the Company recorded liabilities of $153,000, related to severance benefits to be paid to certain employees who will be terminated as a result of the consolidation and targeted plant closings. Through March 31, 1998, $95,000 of severance benefits have been paid. Remaining expenditures will occur over the next several years as the Company is required to comply with European Union and other applicable regulations. Based on exchange rates at the acquisition dates, total goodwill resulting from the CEAc and Tudor acquisitions was $585,000.

On August 31, 1995, the Company acquired Schuylkill Holdings, Inc. ("SHI") from Heller Financial, Inc. ("Heller") through a merger, and purchased all of SHI's stock options and subordinated notes from various holders and the secured debt of SHI's operating subsidiary, Schuylkill Metals Corporation, the owner of two lead smelters in Louisiana and Missouri. The Company paid $2,000 in cash for SHI's stock, options and notes; for the secured debt, it issued 593,210 shares of its common stock valued at $31,000, paid $3,700 in cash and issued a contingent note, the value of which will be based on future market lead prices. Under the terms of the purchase agreement, the Company is required to make an additional payment to Heller in fiscal 2000 if lead prices for the four-and-one- half-year period subsequent to the acquisition date reach defined levels. Based on the Company's projection of lead prices for such period, in the fourth quarter of fiscal 1996, the Company increased goodwill by $10,000. The Company and Heller also entered into an agreement to share certain tax liabilities of SHI. The purchase price was allocated primarily to receivables, inventories and fixed assets and resulted in $22,000 of goodwill, including the $10,000 recorded in the fourth quarter of fiscal 1996.

In June 1996, the Company sold certain assets related to a division of Evanite for $13,000 cash. On December 27, 1996, the Company sold substantially all of the remaining net assets, except for certain assets related to the battery separator business, of Evanite for approximately $23,000 (subject to final adjustments) and recorded a gain of approximately $8,300, which was included in other income

F-14

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -(Continued)

in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations in fiscal 1997.

The following summarized unaudited pro forma consolidated results of operations for the fiscal year ended March 31, 1996, illustrate the estimated effects of the CEAc and SHI acquisitions, as if the transactions were consummated as of April 1, 1995.

                                                       1996
                                                   ------------
Net sales                                           $2,474,640
                                                    ==========
Loss before extraordinary item                      $   (5,271)
                                                    ==========
Net loss                                            $  (14,871)
                                                    ==========
Pro forma basic and diluted earnings per share:
   Loss before extraordinary item                   $    (0.27)
                                                    ==========
   Net loss                                         $    (0.76)
                                                    ==========

Pro forma adjustments include only the effects of events directly attributable to a transaction that are factually supportable and expected to have a continuing impact. Pro forma adjustments reflecting anticipated "efficiencies" in operations resulting from a transaction are not permitted and, therefore, are not reflected herein. The above unaudited pro forma financial information is not necessarily indicative of the results that would actually have been obtained if the transactions had been effected on the dates indicated or that may be obtained in the future.

The pro forma effects of the fiscal 1997 and 1998 acquisitions are not material.

3. INVENTORIES:

                        March 31,
                   -------------------
                     1997       1998
                   ---------  ---------
Raw materials       $117,038   $143,652
Work-in-process       70,805     78,004
Finished goods       345,671    350,532
                    --------   --------
                    $533,514   $572,188
                    ========   ========

At March 31, 1997 and 1998, inventories valued by the LIFO method were approximately 33% and 30% of consolidated inventories, respectively. If all inventories had been determined using the first-in, first-out method, such inventories would have been $516,447 and $555,121 at March 31, 1997 and 1998, respectively. The carrying amount of inventories on a LIFO basis exceeds replacement cost. LIFO inventories primarily reflect the fair value of inventories as of August 31, 1989, when all of the outstanding common shares of the Company were acquired in a leveraged buyout, as inventories subsequently produced cost less to manufacture. The Company believes that no write-down of the carrying amount of inventories to replacement cost is necessary, as no loss will be realized upon their final sale.

In connection with the purchase of lead for anticipated manufacturing requirements, the Company enters into commodity forward and futures contracts. These contracts are used as a hedging strategy to help protect against volatility in lead prices. The Company remains at risk for

F-15

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -(Continued)

possible changes in the market value of the commodity contracts; however, such risk should be mitigated by price changes in lead. The contracts are accounted for as hedges and, accordingly, gains or losses are deferred and recognized in inventory upon execution of the contract. At March 31, 1998, the Company had outstanding contracts hedging lead purchases through December 31, 1998 at fixed prices of approximately $5,914 for 10.9 metric tons.

4. SHORT-TERM BORROWINGS:

At March 31, 1997 and 1998, short-term borrowings consisted of various operating lines of credit and working capital facilities maintained by certain of the Company's foreign subsidiaries. These borrowings are secured by receivables, inventories and/or property. These facilities, which are typically for one-year renewable terms, generally bear interest at the current market rates plus up to 4.5%. As of March 31, 1997 and 1998, the weighted average interest rate on these borrowings was 12.0% and 15.8%, respectively.

F-16

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

5. LONG-TERM DEBT:

Following is a summary of the Company's long-term debt at March 31, 1997 and 1998:

                                                                       1997                1998
                                                                   -----------         -----------
Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement
    borrowings primarily at LIBOR plus 2.0% - 2.25%
    (at a weighted average rate of 7.85% at March 31, 1998)        $        --         $   472,136
U.S. Credit Agreement borrowings primarily
    at LIBOR plus 2.5% at March 31, 1997 (8.2%)                         17,000                  --
9.125% Senior Notes, (Deutsche mark
    denominated) due April 15, 2004                                         --              94,644
10% Senior Notes, due April 15, 2005                                   300,000             300,000
10.75% Senior Notes, due December 15, 2002                             150,000                  --
12.25% Senior Subordinated Deferred Coupon
    Debentures, due December 15, 2004                                  101,187                  --
Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes, due
    December 15, 2005                                                  298,295             307,036
European Facilities Agreement borrowings
    primarily at LIBOR plus 2% (ranging from
    4.8% to 7.8% at March 31, 1997)                                    356,865                  --
Other, including capital lease obligations and
    short-term loans at interest rates ranging from
    2.25% to 23.0% due in installments through 2015                     50,212              57,214
                                                                   -----------         -----------
                                                                     1,273,559           1,231,030

Less- Current maturities                                               (37,488)            (35,112)
                                                                   -----------         -----------
                                                                   $ 1,236,071         $ 1,195,918
                                                                   ===========         ===========

On February 27, 1998, the Company entered into a bond swap agreement for $7,500 (principal amount) of its 10% Senior Notes. Under the agreement, the Company pays LIBOR plus 1.75% to a counterparty and receives from the counterparty the fixed coupon rate payments made by the Company. At the end of the agreement, the counterparty is guaranteed repayment of its open market purchase price of the Notes which exceeded face value by $497. This debt modification was accounted for as an extinguishment of debt, and the related write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs along with the premium paid by the counterparty resulted in an extraordinary loss of $619. No income tax benefit on the extraordinary loss was recognized.

On January 21, 1998, the Company retired all $150,000 of its 10.75% Senior Notes and the remaining $1,881 of its 12.25% Senior Subordinated Deferred Coupon Debentures. The Company recognized a $10,800 extraordinary loss related to these retirements which included unamortized deferred financing costs and premium costs for early retirement, reduced by benefits from the retirement of all swaps related to the 10.75% Senior Notes. No income tax benefit on the extraordinary loss was recognized.

F-17

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -(Continued)

On December 23, 1997, the Company replaced the existing U.S. Credit Agreement and European Facilities Agreement with a $650,000 Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement. This facility has three borrowing Tranches: a $150,000 six year multi-currency term A loan, a $250,000 seven and one-quarter year U.S. dollar term B loan, and a $250,000 six year multi-currency revolving credit line. The new facility contains a number of financial and other covenants customary for such agreements including restrictions on new indebtedness, liens, leverage rates, acquisitions and capital expenditures. After consideration of amendments entered into after year end, which were effective March 31, 1998, the Company was in compliance with all these covenants. Payment on non-revolving debt started March 1998 and will continue through March 2005. The Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement is fully secured by guarantees of the European subsidiaries and certain fixed assets, inventory and receivables. As of March 31, 1998 the Company has $30,900 of letters of credit outstanding which reduce availability under the Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities Agreement. The write-off of the remaining deferred financing costs related to the debt retired resulted in an extraordinary loss of $8,336 (net of income tax benefit of $2,899).

On July 10, 1997, the European Facilities Agreement was amended to reduce the maximum commitment to 1,718 million French francs (U.S. $277,000) from the original 2,569 million French francs (U.S. $415,000). The write-off of the related unamortized deferred financing costs associated with this early retirement of debt resulted in an extraordinary loss of $1,364 (net of income tax benefit of $768).

In June 1997, the Company entered into a series of bond swap agreements for $13,150 (principal amount) of its 10% Senior Notes. Under the agreements, the Company pays LIBOR plus 1.75% to a counterparty and receives from the counterparty the fixed coupon rate payments made by the Company. At the end of the agreements, the counterparty is guaranteed repayment of its open market purchase price of the Notes which exceeded face value by $653. This debt modification was accounted for as an extinguishment of debt, and the related write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs along with the premium paid by the counterparty resulted in an extraordinary loss of $902. No income tax benefit on the extraordinary loss was recognized.

On May 7, 1997, the Company redeemed its outstanding 12.25% Zero-Coupon Bonds for $104,095. The Company financed the tender offer through borrowings under the U.S. Credit Agreement, $50,000 of which was from the Tranche D variable rate term loan and the balance from the revolver. This redemption resulted in an extraordinary loss of $6,492 related to the write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs and the premium paid associated with the early extinguishment of substantially all of the 12.25% Senior Subordinated Deferred Coupon Debentures. No income tax benefit on the extraordinary loss was recognized.

On April 23, 1997, the Company issued 175 million Deutsche mark (U.S. $94,675) 9.125% Senior Notes due on April 15, 2004. The Company used the funds to repay indebtedness under the European Facilities Agreement.

In December 1995, the Company issued 2.9% Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes due December 15, 2005, with a face amount of $397,000 discounted to $287,797, after the underwriters' exercise of their overallotment option. These notes have a coupon rate of 2.9% with a yield to maturity of 6.75%. The notes are convertible into the Company's common stock at a conversion rate of 12.5473 shares per $1,000 principal amount at maturity, subject to adjustments in certain events. The Company used the funds to repay indebtedness under the

F-18

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -(Continued)

former U.S. Credit Agreement.

In April 1995, the Company issued $300,000 in aggregate principal amount of 10% Senior Notes, the net proceeds of which were used, along with borrowings under the U.S. Credit Agreement, to finance the CEAc acquisition. The 10% Senior Notes are redeemable at the option of the Company, in whole or in part, at any time on or after April 15, 2000, initially at 105% of the principal amount, plus accrued interest, declining to 100% of the principal amount, plus accrued interest on or after April 15, 2002.

In fiscal 1996, deferred financing costs were written off due to early repayment of the former European Facilities Agreement, European Term Loans, Spanish Convertible Debentures and Term Loan A and Term Loan B under the U.S. Credit Agreement, as well as permanent reductions in the Revolving Credit Facility under the U.S. Credit Agreement, resulting in an extraordinary loss of $9,600 net of $5,958 income tax benefit.

During fiscal 1997, the Company entered into a series of bond swap agreements for $19,975 (principal amount) of its 10% Senior Notes and $18,000 (principal amount) of its 10.75% Senior Notes. Under the agreements, the Company pays LIBOR plus 1.75% to a counterparty and receives from the counterparty the fixed coupon rate payments made by the Company. At the end of the agreements, the counterparty is guaranteed repayment of its open market purchase price of the Notes which exceeded face value by $1,848. This debt modification was accounted for as an extinguishment of debt, and the related write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs along with the premium paid by the counterparty resulted in an extraordinary loss of $2,767. No income tax benefit on the extraordinary loss was recognized.

The Company enters into currency and interest rate hedge agreements to manage interest costs associated with long-term debt. Effective December 23, 1997, the Company entered into two three-year currency interest rate swap agreements. These agreements effectively converted $175,000 of the Tranche B loan into 788,756 French francs (U.S. $133,000) and 25,225.2 Pounds sterling (U.S. $42,000) under the Global Credit Facilities Agreement. The Company will receive an interest rate of LIBOR plus 2.25% and pay PIBOR plus 2.27% and Pounds sterling LIBOR plus 2.28%, respectively. Additionally, effective December 23, 1997, the Company entered into two three-year interest rate collar agreements that reduce the impact of changes in interest rates on a portion of the Company's floating rate debt. These agreements effectively limit the PIBOR base interest rate on 593,050 French francs (U.S. $100,000) of borrowing under the Global Credit Facilities Agreements to no more than 6.6% and no less than 3.5%. During fiscal 1998, the Company recognized $3,171 of additional interest expense related to these swap and collar agreements.

Effective December 1994, the Company entered into two interest rate collar agreements that reduce the impact of changes in interest rates on a portion of the Company's floating rate debt. These agreements effectively limit the LIBOR base interest rate on $100,000 of borrowings under the U.S. Credit and European Facilities Agreements to no more than 8.0% and no less than 5.5% graduating up to 7.5% through December 30, 1997. Effective May 17, 1995, the Company entered into an interest rate swap agreement that fixed the LIBOR base interest rate on a notional amount of $50,000 at 6.21% for two years. Additionally, effective March 29, 1997, the Company entered into two interest rate collar agreements which reduce the impact of changes in

F-19

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -(Continued)

interest rates on a portion of the Company's floating rate debt. The agreements effectively limit the MIBOR base interest rate on 11,000,000 Spanish pesetas (U.S. $70,000) of borrowings and the PIBOR base interest rate of 575,000 French francs (U.S. $93,000) of borrowings under the European Facilities Agreement to no more than 7.5% and 6.0%, respectively, and no less than 3.5% and 2.0%, respectively. These agreements expired before year end. During fiscal 1996, 1997 and 1998, the Company recognized $580, $1,952 and $1,444, respectively, of additional interest expense related to these swap and collar agreements.

Counterparties to bond swap transactions and interest rate hedge agreements are major financial institutions. Management believes the risk of incurring losses related to credit risk is remote and any losses would be immaterial.

Annual principal payments required under long-term debt obligations at March 31, 1998 are as follows:

Fiscal Year     Amount
-----------     ------
1999           $ 35,112
2000             29,904
2001             34,200
2002             36,288
2003            336,721
Thereafter      758,805

6. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS:

The Company has noncontributory defined benefit pension plans covering substantially all hourly employees in North America. Plans covering hourly employees provide pension benefits of stated amounts for each year of credited service. Substantially all salaried employees in North America are covered under a defined contribution plan, which requires the Company to contribute 4% of eligible employees' salaries on an annual basis.

European subsidiaries of the Company sponsor several defined benefit plans that cover substantially all employees who are not covered by statutory plans. For defined benefit plans, charges to expense are based upon costs computed by independent actuaries. In most cases, the defined benefit plans are not funded; book reserves are maintained. Benefit formulas are similar to those used by the North America plans.

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EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -(Continued)

The components of net periodic pension cost for the defined benefit plans and pension expense for the defined contribution plans for the fiscal years ended March 31, 1996, 1997 and 1998, are as follows:

                                                   1996       1997       1998
                                                 ---------  ---------  ---------
Defined benefit plans:

 Service cost of current period                  $  2,119    $ 3,112   $  5,213
 Interest cost on projected benefit obligation      9,718     11,841     14,261
 Actual return on plan assets                     (11,721)    (7,980)   (37,595)
 Net amortization and deferrals                     7,274      2,280     26,705
                                                 --------    -------   --------
     Net defined benefit pension expense            7,390      9,253      8,584
Defined contribution plan                           2,167      2,150      2,058
                                                 --------    -------   --------
     Total pension expense                       $  9,557    $11,403   $ 10,642
                                                 ========    =======   ========

It is the Company's policy to make contributions sufficient to meet the minimum contributions required by law and regulation.

The following table sets forth the funded status and the amounts recognized in the consolidated balance sheets for the Company's defined benefit pension plans:

                                                         March 31, 1997                 March 31, 1998
                                                ------------------------------  -------------------------------
                                                 Accumulated    Assets Exceed    Accumulated     Assets Exceed
                                                   Benefits      Accumulated       Benefits       Accumulated
                                                Exceed Assets      Benefits     Exceed Assets      Benefits
                                                --------------  --------------  --------------  ---------------
Actuarial present value of:
  Vested benefit obligation                        $112,837         $54,745        $117,445         $105,117
                                                   ========         =======        ========         ========
  Accumulated benefit obligation                   $117,946         $68,330        $121,457         $107,750
                                                   ========         =======        ========         ========
Actuarial present value of:
  Projected benefit obligation                     $124,672         $69,243        $125,108         $125,565
  Plan assets at fair value                          43,225          84,198          32,341          135,474
                                                   --------         -------        --------         --------
  Plan assets (less) greater than projected
       benefit obligation                           (81,447)         14,955         (92,767)           9,909
  Prior service cost                                  1,354             203             618            1,853
  Unrecognized net loss (gain)                        7,735          (2,093)          2,879            4,463
  Unrecognized initial obligation                      (423)            123           2,276           (5,660)
  Additional minimum liability recognized            (9,106)             --          (6,454)              --
                                                   --------         -------        --------         --------
   Prepaid (accrued) pension cost                  $(81,887)        $13,188        $(93,448)        $ 10,565
                                                   ========         =======        ========         ========

The weighted average discount rate used in determining the projected benefit obligation ranged from 6.5% to 8.5% and from 6.0% to 7.75% as of March 31, 1997 and March 31, 1998, respectively. The rate of increase in future compensation levels and the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets ranged from 3.5% to 7.0% and 9.0% to 9.5%, respectively, as of March 31, 1997 and from 2.5% to 6.0% and 7.5% to 9.5%, respectively, as of March 31, 1998.

SFAS No. 87 requires that underfunded pension plans reflect an additional balance sheet liability if the excess of the accumulated benefit obligation over the plan assets exceeds the accrued pension liability. However, SFAS No. 87 also permits the Company to establish an intangible asset, not to exceed the unrecognized prior service cost, as an offsetting entry. Any remaining

F-21

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -(Continued)

amount of additional liability that is not offset by the intangible asset must be offset through a charge against equity. Accordingly, the Company's minimum additional pension liability of $9,106 and $6,454 consists of intangible assets of $1,424 and $2,197 and charges against equity of $7,682 and $4,257 (tax effected to $4,993 and $2,767) at March 31, 1997 and 1998, respectively.

7. POSTRETIREMENT HEALTH CARE AND LIFE INSURANCE BENEFITS:

The Company provides certain health care and life insurance benefits for a limited number of retired employees in the U.S. In addition, a limited number of the Company's active U.S. employees may become eligible for those benefits if they reach normal retirement age while working for the Company. The Company accrues the estimated cost of providing postretirement benefits during the employees' applicable years of service.

The following table sets forth the plan's postretirement benefit liability as of March 31:

                                                    1997       1998
                                                   -------    -------
Accumulated postretirement benefit obligation:
     Retirees, beneficiaries and dependents        $13,203    $14,322
     Fully eligible actives                            534        552
     Not fully eligible actives                      1,552      1,763
                                                   -------    -------
        Total                                       15,289     16,637
     Unrecognized loss                              (2,410)    (3,937)
                                                   -------    -------
Accrued postretirement benefit cost                $12,879    $12,700
                                                   =======    =======

The net periodic postretirement benefit cost for fiscal 1996, 1997 and 1998 included the following components:

                                             1996     1997     1998
                                            ------   ------   ------
Service cost                                $   95   $  102   $   79
Interest cost                                1,032    1,121    1,185
                                            ------   ------   ------
Net periodic postretirement benefit cost    $1,127   $1,223   $1,264
                                            ======   ======   ======

The significant assumptions used to calculate the net periodic postretirement benefit cost and the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation as of March 31, 1997 and 1998, were a discount rate of 7.75% and 7.25%, respectively, and medical costs that are assumed to increase at a rate of 8% per year grading down to 5% per year by 2004. The effect of a one-percentage-point increase in the assumed health care cost trend rate would increase the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation as of March 31, 1998, by approximately $1,326, and the aggregate of the service and interest cost components of net periodic postretirement benefit cost by approximately $113.

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EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -(Continued)

8. STOCK GRANTS AND OPTIONS:

On April 29, 1993, the Board of Directors adopted an Incentive Compensation Plan, under which certain members of the Company's management were granted 811,662 shares of the Company's common stock. These shares vest after five years and have certain restrictions related to sale, transferability, and employment within the Company. Upon completion of vesting, participants must pay $2.25 per share, the estimated fair value at the grant date, prior to the transferring of such shares. In fiscal 1996 and 1997, the Board of Directors approved accelerated vesting periods for certain employees.

In October, 1993, the Board of Directors adopted the Long Term Incentive Plan ("Incentive Stock Plan"), which may grant awards to key employees in the form of incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, restricted shares of common stock or units valued on the basis of long-term performance of the Company ("Performance Units"). Options may be accompanied by stock appreciation rights ("Rights"). All of the awards to date have been nonqualified stock options, none of which were accompanied by Rights. All awards vest ratably over periods ranging from four to five years, with the maximum term of the awards ranging from five years and three months to ten years. The maximum aggregate number of shares of common stock with respect to options, restricted shares, Performance Units or Rights granted without accompanying options that may be granted pursuant to the Incentive Stock Plan is 700,000 shares.

During fiscal 1995, a total of 40,000 restricted shares of the Company's common stock were granted to certain employees. The market value of the shares awarded on the date of grant ($1,935) was recorded as unearned compensation and shown as a separate component of stockholders' equity. In fiscal 1996, 20,000 of these shares were canceled. Unearned compensation is being amortized to expense over the five year vesting period and amounted to $387, $194 and $194 in fiscal 1996, 1997 and 1998, respectively.

On May 23, 1996, the Board of Directors adopted the 1996 Non-Employee Directors Stock Plan (the "Directors Stock Plan") whereby Directors of the Company are granted common stock as part of their compensation. The maximum aggregate number of shares of common stock that may be granted pursuant to the Directors Stock Plan as amended May 1, 1997 is 32,210 shares. Under this plan, 1,500 and 17,608 shares were granted during fiscal 1997 and 1998, respectively. The market value of the shares awarded on the date of the fiscal 1997 and fiscal 1998 grants was $39 and $319, respectively, and was charged to expense at the grant date.

The May 1, 1997 Stock Option Plan authorizes the granting of stock options to key employees of the Company covering up to 2,000,000 shares of common stock. No options become vested or exercisable before May 1, 2007 unless the market price of the common stock increases to certain levels. If the market price increases to $30.00 per share, 40% of the granted options become vested, if it reaches $50.00, another 40% become vested and if it achieves $75.00 the remainder will become vested, provided, that in the case of each such percentage which so vests, the vested options are then only exercisable as follows; 40% on the date of vesting and 20% each on the first, second and third anniversaries. The exercise price for each share is equal to the fair market value of the common stock on the date of the grant of the option ($16.625). These options will expire on June 1, 2007.

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EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -(Continued)

Stock grant and option transactions are summarized as follows:

                                                               Weighted
                                                               Average
                                   Incentive                Exercise Price
                                 Compensation     Stock        of Stock
                                     Plan        Options       Options
                                 -------------  ---------   --------------
Shares under option:

Outstanding at April 1, 1995          788,472          --
     Granted                               --     102,000         $ 31.91
     Exercised                        (10,822)         --
     Forfeited                        (23,972)         --
                                 ------------   ---------
Outstanding at April 1, 1996          753,768     102,000         $ 31.91
     Granted                               --     577,000         $ 26.59
     Exercised                             --          --
     Forfeited                             --          --
                                 ------------   ---------
Outstanding at April 1, 1997          753,768     679,000         $ 27.39
     Granted                               --   2,000,000         $ 16.625
     Exercised                         (9,275)         --
     Forfeited                        (34,013)   (206,500)        $ 26.68
                                 ------------   ---------
Outstanding at March 31, 1998         710,390   2,472,500         $ 18.69
                                 ============   =========
Options available for grant
 at March 31, 1998                         --      21,000
                                 ============   =========

Exercisable at April 1, 1996               --      17,850         $ 31.91
Exercisable at April 1, 1997               --      95,917         $ 28.71
Exercisable at March 31, 1998              --     439,040         $ 19.69

Options for 12,000 shares granted in fiscal 1996 have an exercise price of $50 with a market value of $29.50 on the date of the grant. The grant-date market value of all other options granted is equal to their respective exercise prices. Outstanding stock options have an average remaining contractual life of nine years at March 31, 1998 with the exercise prices for these options ranging from $16.63 to $50.00.

In October 1995, the FASB issued SFAS No. 123, "Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation." SFAS No. 123 encourages a fair-value-based method of accounting for employee stock options and similar equity instruments. SFAS No. 123 also allows an entity to continue to account for stock-based employee compensation using the intrinsic value for equity instruments using APB Opinion No. 25. As provided for in SFAS No. 123, the Company elected to continue the intrinsic value method of expense recognition. Accordingly, no compensation cost has been recognized for the stock option plans. Had compensation expense for the stock option plans been determined consistent with the provisions of SFAS No. 123, the Company's net income (loss) and net income (loss) per share would have been the pro forma amounts indicated below:

F-24

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

                                                         Fiscal Year Ended
                                                             March 31
                                          ------------------------------------------------
                                              1996              1997              1998
                                          -----------      -------------      ------------
Net income (loss):
     As reported                          $    (8,661)     $      16,225      $     (9,816)
     Pro forma                            $    (8,858)     $      15,617      $    (19,596)
Basic net income (loss) per share:
     As reported                          $     (0.44)     $        0.79      $      (0.48)
     Pro forma                            $     (0.45)     $        0.76      $      (0.95)
Diluted net income (loss) per share:
     As reported                          $     (0.42)     $        0.77      $      (0.45)
     Pro forma                            $     (0.45)     $        0.74      $      (0.95)

The fair value of each option grant was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following range of assumptions used for the six option grants which occurred during fiscal 1996, 1997 and 1998:

                                                        Fiscal Year Ended
                                                            March 31
                                          ------------------------------------------------
                                              1996             1997               1998
                                          -----------      -------------      ------------
Volatility                                   34.3%         31.3% - 33.5%          31.0%
Risk-free interest rate                       6.4%          6.3% - 6.5%            6.8%
Expected life in years                        5.5          5.25  - 10.0             10
Dividend yield                                0.4%              0.4%               0.4%

9. INCOME TAXES:

The provision for income taxes includes federal, state and foreign taxes currently payable and those deferred because of temporary differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities. The components of the provision for income taxes for the fiscal years ended March 31, 1996, 1997 and 1998, are as follows:

                                         1996            1997          1998
                                       --------        --------      --------
Current:
    Federal                            $     --        $     --      $     --
    State                                   700              --        (1,040)
    Foreign                               5,300           8,477         8,000
                                       --------        --------      --------
                                          6,000           8,477         6,960
                                       --------        --------      --------
Deferred:
    Federal                             (23,838)             --         1,334
    State                                (2,347)             --            --
    Foreign                              26,485           6,255         5,181
                                       --------        --------      --------
                                            300           6,255         6,515
                                       --------        --------      --------
         Total provision               $  6,300        $ 14,732      $ 13,475
                                       ========        ========      ========

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EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

Major differences between the federal statutory rate and the effective tax rate are as follows:

                                                1996   1997   1998
                                               ------  -----  -----
Federal statutory rate                          35.0%  35.0%  35.0%
State taxes, net of federal benefit            (22.6)    --   (2.7)
Nondeductible goodwill                          87.1   16.6   19.2
Difference in rates on foreign subsidiaries     11.5   (6.8)  (0.4)
Other, net                                     (17.4)  (2.7)  (9.1)
                                               -----   ----   ----
     Effective tax rate                         93.6%  42.1%  42.0%
                                               =====   ====   ====

During fiscal 1998, the Company finalized a state tax audit which resulted in a favorable adjustment of $600.

The following is a summary of the significant components of the Company's deferred tax assets and liabilities as of March 31, 1997 and 1998:

                                                   1997        1998
                                                ----------  ----------
Deferred tax assets:
  Operating loss and tax credit carryforwards   $ 146,199   $ 184,211
  Compensation reserves                            45,572      30,486
  Environmental reserves                           15,507      12,811
  Interest                                         14,155          --
  Retirement benefits                              11,740       9,095
  Self-insurance                                    3,805      19,574
  Warranty                                          3,212       3,044
  Other                                            13,664      12,915
  Valuation allowance                            (152,718)   (157,569)
                                                ---------   ---------
                                                  101,136     114,567
                                                ---------   ---------

Deferred tax liabilities:
  Depreciation/property basis                     (12,695)    (22,134)
  Inventory basis difference                       (7,183)     (7,378)
  Other                                            (4,180)     (9,917)
                                                 --------    --------
                                                  (24,058)    (39,429)
                                                 --------    --------
Net deferred tax assets                          $ 77,078    $ 75,138
                                                 ========    ========

Included in other noncurrent liabilities is $1,207 and $1,219 of deferred tax liabilities at March 31, 1997 and 1998, respectively.

As of March 31, 1998, the Company has net operating loss carryforwards for U.S. income tax purposes of approximately $107,300, which expire in years 2005 through 2018. For financial reporting purposes, a valuation allowance has been recognized to reduce the deferred tax assets for which it is more likely than not that the benefits will not be realized.

F-26

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

As of March 31, 1998, certain of the Company's European subsidiaries have net operating loss carryforwards for income tax purposes of approximately $303,262, of which $108,128 expire in years 1999 through 2005. Most of these carryforwards are preacquisition tax attributes, which will reduce goodwill if realized. For financial reporting purposes, a valuation allowance has been recognized to reduce the deferred tax assets related to these preacquisition tax attributes and certain nondeductible reserves for which it is more likely than not the related tax benefits will not be realized.

Non-U.S. pre-tax income of the Company was $71,900, $72,300 and $73,858 in fiscal 1996, 1997 and 1998, respectively (see Note 16). The increase in the valuation allowance in fiscal 1998 is due to the DETA acquisition offset, in part by the effects of currency.

The Company's net deferred tax assets include certain amounts of net operating loss carryforwards principally in the U.S., which management believes are realizable through a combination of anticipated tax planning strategies and forecasted future taxable income. In fiscal 1997 and fiscal 1998, the Company implemented certain tax planning strategies which utilized a portion of such deferred tax assets. Failure to achieve forecasted future taxable income might affect the ultimate realization of any remaining recorded net deferred tax assets.

As of March 31, 1998, the Company has not provided for withholding or U.S. federal income taxes on undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries since such earnings are expected to be reinvested indefinitely or substantially offset by available foreign tax credits.

10. RECEIVABLES SALE AGREEMENTS:

In July 1997, certain of the Company's European subsidiaries sold selected receivables to a wholly-owned bankruptcy remote subsidiary of the Company, Exide Europe Funding Ltd., who in turn established a multi-currency receivable sale facility (collectively the "European Agreement") with a financial institution, whereby the financial institution has committed to purchase, with limited recourse, all right, title and interest in these receivables up to a maximum net investment of $175,000. The net proceeds from the initial sale of accounts receivable under the European Agreement were used to repay borrowings under the European Facilities Agreement. As of March 31, 1998, net uncollected receivables sold under the multi-currency receivable sale facility was $136,666. Losses and expenses related to receivables sold under this agreement for fiscal 1998 were $7,550, and are included in other income, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The Company entered into a Receivables Sale Agreement (the "U.S. Agreement") with certain banks (the "Purchasers"), and under this agreement, the Purchasers have committed to purchase, with limited recourse, all right, title and interest in selected accounts receivable of the U.S. Company, up to a maximum net investment of $75,000 (increased from $40,000 effective December 20, 1995). In connection with the U.S. Agreement, during fiscal 1997 the Company established a wholly owned, bankruptcy remote subsidiary, Exide U.S. Funding Corporation, to purchase accounts receivable at a discount from the Company on a continuous basis, subject to certain limitations as described in the U.S. Agreement. Exide U.S. Funding Corporation

F-27

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

simultaneously sells the accounts receivable at the same discount to the Purchasers. As of March 31, 1997 and 1998, net uncollected receivables sold under the U.S. Agreement were $68,161 and $65,682, respectively. Losses and expenses related to receivables sold under this agreement for fiscal years 1996, 1997 and 1998 were $2,554, $4,290 and $4,084, respectively, and are included in other income, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The above transactions qualify as sales under the provisions of SFAS No. 125 "Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities."

11. RELATED-PARTY TRANSACTIONS:

The Company purchased $20,290, $4,920 and $5,979 of product from Yuasa, Inc., ("Yuasa"), a 13.5%-owned affiliate, during fiscal 1996, 1997 and 1998, respectively. The Company also sold $10,618, $6,580 and $2,601 of product to Yuasa during fiscal 1996, 1997 and 1998, respectively. In addition, the Company provides certain administrative services and pays certain expenses for Yuasa. Yuasa reimbursed the Company for these costs totaling $2,282, $1,753 and $1,673 during fiscal 1996, 1997 and 1998, respectively. As of March 31, 1997 and 1998, the Company had a net receivable of $5,051 and $2,342, respectively from Yuasa.

12. ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERS:

The Company, particularly as a result of its manufacturing and secondary lead smelting operations, is subject to numerous environmental laws and regulations and is exposed to liabilities and compliance costs arising from its past and current handling, processing, recycling, storing and disposing of hazardous substances and hazardous wastes. The Company's operations are also subject to occupational safety and health laws and regulations, particularly relating to the monitoring of employee health in North America and, to a lesser extent, in Europe. Except as disclosed herein, the Company believes that it is in substantial compliance with all material environmental, health and safety requirements.

North America

The Company has been advised by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") or state agencies that it is a "Potentially Responsible Party" ("PRP") under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act ("CERCLA") or similar state laws at 75 federally defined Superfund or state equivalent sites. At 35 of these sites, the Company has either paid or is in the process of paying its share of liability. In most instances, the Company's obligations are not expected to be significant because its portion of any potential liability appears to be minor to insignificant in relation to the total liability of all PRPs that have been identified and are viable. The Company's share of the anticipated remediation costs associated with all of the Superfund sites where it has been named a PRP, based on the Company's estimated volumetric contribution to each site, is included in the environmental remediation reserves discussed below.

F-28

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

Because the Company's liability under such statutes may, as a technical matter, be imposed on a joint and several basis, the Company's liability may not necessarily be based on volumetric allocations and could be greater than the Company's estimates. Management believes, however, that its PRP status at these Superfund sites will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's business or financial condition because, based on the Company's experience, it is reasonable to expect that the liability will be roughly proportionate to its volumetric contribution of waste to the sites.

The Company currently has greater than 50% liability at only one Superfund site, discussed below. Other than this site, the Company's volumetric allocation exceeds 5% at only five sites at which the Company's share of liability has not been paid as of March 31, 1998. The current volumetric allocation at these five sites averages 13.1%

The Company is the primary PRP at the Brown's Battery Breaking Superfund site located in Pennsylvania. The site was operated by third-party owners in the 1960s and early 1970s. In 1992, the EPA issued a Record of Decision ("ROD") identifying several alternate remedies. During fiscal 1997, the Company signed a consent decree and paid $3,000 of the EPA's past costs and is not responsible for any other past costs. The Company has established its reserves based upon its estimates of the remediation cost using the approved remedy.

The Company is also involved in the assessment and remediation of various other properties, including certain Company-owned or -operated facilities. Such assessment and remedial work is being conducted pursuant to a number of state and federal environmental laws and with varying degrees of involvement by state and federal authorities. Where probable and reasonably estimable, the costs of such projects have been reserved by the Company, as discussed below. In addition, certain environmental matters concerning the Company are pending in federal and state courts or with regulatory agencies.

While the ultimate outcome of the foregoing environmental matters is uncertain, after consultation with legal counsel, management does not believe the resolution of these matters will have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, cash flows, financial condition or results of operations. The Company's policy is to accrue for environmental costs when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of such liability is reasonably estimable. While the Company believes its current estimates of future remediation costs are reasonable, future findings or changes in estimates could have a material effect on the recorded reserves.

The Company has established reserves for on-site and off-site environmental remediation costs and believes that such reserves are adequate. As of March 31, 1998, the amount of such reserves on the Company's balance sheet was $29,805. Of this amount, $20,389 was included in Other Noncurrent Liabilities. Because environmental liabilities are not accrued until a liability is determined to be probable and reasonably estimable, not all potential future environmental liabilities have been included in the Company's environmental reserves and, therefore, additional earnings charges are possible.

In fiscal 1997, the Company reached a settlement with most of its insurance carriers, whereby the insurance companies reimbursed and indemnified the Company for certain response costs,

F-29

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

property damage and bodily injury claims allegedly resulting from environmental conditions. In connection with these settlements, the Company received $17,309 which was reflected as an offset to cost of sales, a reduction of legal costs incurred in fiscal 1997 and elimination of $7,000 of legal fees deferred in fiscal 1996. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 1997, the Company recorded a $5,250 receivable from the remaining insurance carrier based on the status of negotiations, and during fiscal 1998, the Company received $5,800 from this carrier.

During fiscal 1998, the Company reached an agreement with former owners of the Company whereby the Company agreed to release and indemnify the former owners from environmental matters relative to certain sites. In exchange for this release the Company received $4,500 in the third quarter and a remaining $5,500 will be received in three annual installments.

Europe

The Company is subject to numerous environmental, health and safety requirements and is exposed to differing degrees of liabilities and compliance costs arising from its past and current manufacturing and recycling activities in various European countries. The laws and regulations applicable to such activities differ from country to country and also substantially differ from U.S. laws and regulations. Except as disclosed herein, the Company believes, based upon reports from its foreign subsidiaries and/or independent qualified opinions, that it is in substantial compliance with all material environmental, health and safety requirements in each country.

Certain facilities in France, Germany and Spain are not in compliance with certain limits contained in air and wastewater treatment discharge permits. In every case, the Company is working cooperatively with appropriate authorities to come into compliance. It is possible that the Company could be subject to fines or penalties with regard to these violations, although management believes any such fines/penalties will not be material. The cost to upgrade the facilities to attain compliance is not expected to be material. The violations are not expected to interfere with continued operations at the subject facilities.

The Company expects that its European operations will continue to incur capital and operating expenses in order to maintain compliance with evolving environmental, health and safety requirements or more stringent enforcement of existing requirements in each country.

As a result of the Company's consolidation of its European manufacturing operations, it is probable that certain environmental costs will be incurred. An estimate of the probable liability was included in the Tudor and CEAc purchase price allocations.

13. FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS:

The estimated fair value of financial instruments has been determined by the Company using available market information and appropriate methodologies; however, considerable judgment is required in interpreting market data to develop the estimates for fair value. Accordingly, the estimates presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that the Company could realize in a current market exchange. Certain of these financial instruments are with major financial institutions and expose the Company to market and credit risks and may at times be

F-30

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

concentrated with certain counterparties or groups of counterparties. The creditworthiness of counterparties is continually reviewed, and full performance is anticipated.

The methods and assumptions used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments are set forth below:

. Cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable--The carrying amounts of these items are a reasonable estimate of their fair values at March 31, 1998.

. Investments in affiliates--The estimated fair value of these investments could not be obtained without incurring excessive costs as they have no quoted market price.

. Long-term receivables--The carrying amounts of these items are a reasonable estimate of their fair value.

. Short-term borrowings--Borrowings under the line of credit arrangements have variable rates that reflect currently available terms and conditions for similar debt. The carrying amount of this debt is a reasonable estimate of its fair value.

. Long-term debt--Borrowings under the Senior Secured Global Credit Facilities have variable rates that reflect currently available terms and conditions for similar debt. The carrying amount of this debt is a reasonable estimate of its fair value.

The 9.125% and 10% Senior Notes and Convertible Senior Subordinated Debentures are traded occasionally in public markets. The carrying values and estimated fair values of these obligations are as follows at March 31, 1998:

                                                              Estimated
                                                    Carrying    Fair
                                                     Value      Value
                                                    --------  ---------
10.00%  Senior Notes                                $300,000   $309,750
9.125%  Senior Notes (Deutsche Mark Denominated)      94,644     97,010
 2.90%  Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes        307,036    247,295

Interest rate protection agreements and bond swap agreements have no carrying value; however, if the Company were to terminate these agreements at March 31, 1998, the Company would have collected $5,502, based on quotes from financial institutions.

. Lead forward and futures contracts--The estimated fair value of the outstanding contracts at March 31, 1998, exceeds the contract value by $346, based on quotes from brokers.

F-31

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

. Foreign currency contracts--The fair value is based on quotes obtained from financial institutions. As of March 31, 1998, the fair value of foreign currency contracts approximated contract value.

14. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES:

In August 1996, a Portland, Oregon jury found that the Company infringed a patent relating to a device for inserting battery plates into battery separators, and awarded damages of $5,000. Later, the Court, acting on the jury's verdict, entered a judgment against the Company for $5,456. On April 28, 1997, the Court denied the Company's post-trial motions relating to the judgment. On May 16, 1997, the Company filed its Notice of Appeal and five days later plaintiffs filed a cross appeal. The appeal was argued before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit Court on March 5, 1998. Management and its independent patent counsel remain confident that the jury verdict and the court's judgment relating to the patent asserted at trial will be reversed and that the cross appeal is without merit and, therefore, shall be rejected. Based on the above, the Company has not recorded a reserve related to this matter. The Company anticipates receiving a decision on the appeal during fiscal 1999.

The Company is now or recently has been involved in several related lawsuits containing similar allegations pending in state and federal courts in Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina and Texas, two of which were brought as purported class actions. These actions contain allegations that the Company sold old or used batteries as new batteries. In all of the cases, submitted for judicial determination, the Company has prevailed. In others, the Company has not been obliged to present a defense. The remaining actions seek compensatory and punitive damages and, in one case, injunctive relief. The Company disputes the material legal claims in these matters and will vigorously defend itself.

Five purported class action lawsuits have recently been filed against the Company, and three of its senior officers who are also Directors alleging violations of Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder. Specifically, the complaints allege that the market price of the Company's stock was artificially inflated over a period from June 27, 1995 through April 3, 1998 as a result of alleged misstatements and omissions. The named plaintiff in each case seeks to represent a class of persons who purchased Exide stock on the open market during the period in which the stock was allegedly artificially inflated. Plaintiffs in each case seek compensatory damages in an unspecified amount. The Company has not yet answered the complaints and no discovery has occurred. The Company denies any wrongdoing and plans to vigorously defend itself against these charges.

The Company is involved in various other claims and litigation incidental to the conduct of its business. Based on consultation with legal counsel, management does not believe that any such claims or litigation to which the Company is a party both individually and in the aggregate will have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition or results of operations. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 1996, the Company paid $5,548 as a result of an unfavorable verdict from the U.S. Court of Appeals in a patent infringement matter. Such amount was recorded in cost of sales.

F-32

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

On December 23, 1997, the Company entered into a Sale / Leaseback transaction, where the Company sold certain machinery and equipment with a book value of $16,400 for $49,500 and leased the same machinery and equipment back over eight years. The gain of $33,100 has been deferred and will be recognized ratably over the life of the lease.

Future minimum lease payments under operating and capital leases that have initial or remaining noncancelable lease terms in excess of one year at March 31, 1998, are:

Fiscal Year                           Operating   Capital
-----------                           ---------   -------
1999                                  $  44,484   $ 2,103
2000                                     30,131     2,115
2001                                     21,086     1,918
2002                                     15,304     1,722
2003                                     12,019     1,501
Thereafter                               27,930    15,359
                                      ---------   -------

Total minimum payments                $ 150,954    24,718
                                      =========
Less- Interest on capital leases                   (6,917)
                                                  -------
Total principal payable on capital
    leases (included in Note 5)                   $17,801
                                                  =======

Rent expense amounted to $47,837, $52,701 and $48,973 for fiscal years 1996, 1997 and 1998, respectively.

The Company has various purchase commitments for materials, supplies and other items incident to the ordinary course of business. In the aggregate, such commitments are not at prices in excess of current market.

F-33

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

15. SELECTED QUARTERLY FINANCIAL DATA (UNAUDITED):

The following is a summary of the Company's unaudited quarterly consolidated results of operations for fiscal years 1997 and 1998:

                                                                           Fiscal Quarter Ended
                                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  June 30,          September 29,        December 29,         March 31,
                                                    1996                1996                1996                 1997
                                                 -----------         -----------         -----------         -----------
Net sales                                        $   556,020         $   587,403         $   677,544         $   512,263
Gross profit                                         130,701             155,816             179,174             129,585
Income (loss) before extraordinary loss              (11,119)             11,691              26,205              (7,785)
Net income (loss)                                    (11,119)             11,691              26,205             (10,552)
Basic earnings per share:
  Income (loss) before extraordinary item              (0.54)               0.57                1.28               (0.38)
  Extraordinary loss                                      --                  --                  --               (0.13)
                                                 -----------         -----------         -----------         -----------
  Net income (loss)                                    (0.54)               0.57                1.28               (0.51)
Diluted earnings per share:
  Income (loss) before extraordinary item              (0.54)               0.55                1.24               (0.38)
  Extraordinary loss                                      --                  --                  --               (0.13)
                                                 -----------         -----------         -----------         -----------
  Net income (loss)                              $     (0.54)        $      0.55         $      1.24         $     (0.51)
                                                 ===========         ===========         ===========         ===========

                                                                         Fiscal Quarter Ended
                                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   June 29,         September 28,        December 28,         March 31,
                                                     1997               1997                1997                1998
                                                 -----------         -----------         -----------         -----------
Net sales                                        $   490,365         $   552,389         $   691,715         $   538,657
Gross profit                                         124,308             148,346             189,715             140,349
Income (loss) before extraordinary loss               (7,445)              8,154              23,050              (5,062)
Net income (loss)                                    (14,758)              6,709              14,714             (16,481)
Basic earnings per share:
  Income (loss) before extraordinary item              (0.36)               0.40                1.12               (0.25)
  Extraordinary loss                                   (0.36)              (0.07)              (0.41)              (0.55)
                                                 -----------         -----------         -----------         -----------
  Net income (loss)                                    (0.72)               0.33                0.71               (0.80)
Diluted earnings per share:
  Income (loss) before extraordinary item              (0.36)               0.38                1.05               (0.25)
  Extraordinary loss                                   (0.36)              (0.07)              (0.38)              (0.55)
                                                 -----------         -----------         -----------         -----------
  Net income (loss)                              $     (0.72)        $      0.31         $      0.67         $     (0.80)
                                                 ===========         ===========         ===========         ===========

F-34

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

16. BUSINESS SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION:

The Company is primarily engaged in one industry segment, namely, the manufacture, distribution and sale of lead acid batteries and related accessories. Financial information, summarized by geographic area, is as follows:

                                         North                                            Intercompany
                                        America            Europe             Other         Eliminations       Consolidated
                                      ----------         ----------        ----------        ----------         ----------
Year ended March 31, 1997:
   Sales to unaffiliated
     customers                        $  872,985         $1,460,346        $       --        $     (101)        $2,333,230
   Income (loss) before income
     taxes, minority interest
     and extraordinary loss                 (891)            75,914                --           (40,000)            35,023
   Identifiable assets                   863,210          1,656,758           171,777          (238,938)         2,452,807
Year ended March 31, 1998:
   Sales to unaffiliated
     customers                           844,411          1,432,542                --            (3,827)         2,273,126
   Income (loss) before income
     taxes, minority interest
     and extraordinary loss                2,081             74,213                --           (44,236)            32,058
   Identifiable assets                   800,607          1,632,206           160,742          (244,939)         2,348,616

Other includes cash and cash equivalents, deferred tax assets, investments and deferred financing costs.

F-35

SCHEDULE II

EXIDE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS AND RESERVES

(Amounts in thousands)

                                   Balance at  Additions                                Balance
                                   Beginning   Charged to                              at End of
                                   of Period    Expense    Write-offs   Other  /(1)/    Period
                                   ----------  ----------  -----------  -------------  ---------
Year ended March 31, 1998:
Allowance for doubtful accounts       $38,486      $7,060     $(5,484)       $(2,574)    $37,488
                                      =======      ======     =======        =======     =======
Year ended March 31, 1997:
Allowance for doubtful accounts       $45,350      $4,638     $(7,531)       $(3,971)    $38,486
                                      =======      ======     =======        =======     =======
Year ended March 31, 1996:
Allowance for doubtful accounts       $23,274      $4,016     $(7,423)       $25,483     $45,350
                                      =======      ======     =======        =======     =======

/(1)/Represents primarily acquisitions of certain businesses in fiscal 1996 and 1998 and currency translation in fiscal 1997.

F-36


EXHIBIT 10.11

SECOND AMENDMENT TO LEASE

THIS SECOND AMENDMENT TO LEASE ("Amendment") is made this 1st day of July, 1995 but effective the 1st day of July, 1995 by and between CHIPPEWA TRAIL LODGE, INC., a Delaware corporation, whose address is 1400 N. Woodward, Suite 130, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 48304 ("Landlord"), and EXIDE CORPORATION, a Delaware corporation, whose address is 1400 N. Woodward, Suite 130, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 48304 ("Tenant").

R E C I T A L S :

WHEREAS, Samuel Fried, as landlord, and the Tenant, as tenant, entered into that certain Lease dated July 1, 1988, as amended by Amendment to Lease dated October 24, 1988 (as amended, the "Lease"), for the lease of certain property located in the Township of Milton, Antrim County, Michigan, as more particularly described on Exhibit A attached hereto ("Premises");

WHEREAS, Samuel Fried's interest in the Lease, as landlord, was transferred to Landlord pursuant to that certain Assignment of Lease dated October 24, 1988;

WHEREAS, Tenant requested, and Landlord agreed, to extend the term of the Lease for an additional seven (7) year term commencing July 1, 1995; and

WHEREAS, Landlord and Tenant desire to amend the Lease as is more particularly set forth herein.

NOW, THEREFORE, for good and valuable consideration, the receipt and adequacy of which is hereby acknowledged, the parties hereby agree as follows:

1. The recitals set forth above are incorporated herein by reference and shall form a part of this Amendment. Capitalized terms used herein shall have the same meaning as in the Lease unless otherwise set forth herein.

2. All references in the Lease to the term "Lease" or "lease" shall mean the Lease as amended by this Amendment.

3. Landlord and Tenant agree that the term of the Lease shall be extended for an additional seven (7) year term, commencing July 1, 1995 through June 30, 2002 ("Additional Term"). The Tenant shall pay unto Landlord for the rent of said Premises for said Additional Term the sum of $733,701.64 in lawful money of the United States payable in quarterly installments in advance commencing on the first day of July, 1995 and on the first day of each third month thereafter throughout the entire Additional Term. Each quarterly rental payment shall be in the amount of $26,203.63.


4. Except as amended hereby, the Lease is restated and republished in its entirety and remains in full force and is hereby ratified and confirmed.

5. This Amendment shall be binding and upon and shall enure to the benefit of the parties hereto in their respective successors and assigns.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have executed this Amendment as of the date and year first written above.

WITNESSES:                         CHIPPEWA TRIAL LODGE, INC.,
                                   a Delaware corporation

/s/ Regina Ganetson
---------------------------
Print name Regina Ganetson         By:  /s/ Douglas N. Pearson
           ----------------           -------------------------------
                                      Print name  Douglas N. Person
                                                  -------------------
/s/ Julie Sayen                         Its:    Vice President
---------------------------                 -------------------------
Print name  Julie Sayen
            ---------------

                                                  "Landlord"


                                   EXIDE CORPORATION,
                                   a Delaware corporation

/s/ Robert A. Pesek
---------------------------
Print name Robert A. Pesek         By: /s/ William J. Rankin
           ----------------            ------------------------------
                                   Print name  William J. Rankin
                                              -----------------------
/s/ Leland E. Coulter              Its:   Vice President
---------------------------             -----------------------------
Print name Leland E. Coulter
           ----------------


                                                  "Tenant"

Attachment: Exhibit A - Legal Description

2

July 19, 1983
EXHIBIT "A" 83-055

DESCRIPTIONS: Per abstract of title

The S1/2 of the SW1/4 of the NW1/4 of Section 12, T28N, R9W, Antrim County, Michigan.

Commencing 1727 feet west of E1/4 Post of Section 11, T28N, R9W, running thence West on quarter line about 801 feet to the shore of Elk Lake; thence Southerly along the shore of Elk Lake to a point 255 feet South of said East and West Quarter Line; thence East parallel with the East and West Quarter line to a Point Due South of the place of beginning, thence North 255 feet to the Place of Beginning.

A parcel of land described as Commencing at the E1/4 post of Section 11, T28N, R9W and running thence West 2528 feet along the 1/4 line to Elk Lake; thence South 15 degrees West along the lake shore 264 feet; thence East 2596 feet to the Section line; thence North 255 feet to the place of beginning, being 15 acres off Government Lot 3, Section 11, EXCEPTING commencing 1727 feet West of the E1/4 post of Section 11, T28N, R9W, running thence West on the 1/4 line about 801 feet to the shore of Elk Lake; thence Southerly along the shore of Elk Lake to a point 255 feet South of the E & W 1/4 line; thence East parallel with the E & W 1/4 line to a point due South of the place of beginning; thence North 255 feet to the place of beginning. ALSO EXCEPTING commencing at the E1/4 post of Section 11, T28N, R9W; and running thence West on the 1/4 line 460 feet; thence South 235 feet; thence East 460 feet; thence North 235 feet to the Point of Beginning. ALSO EXCEPTING commencing 235 feet South of E1/4 post of Section 11, T28N, R9W and running West from East 1/4 line 460 feet; thence South 20 feet; thence East 460 feet; thence North 20 feet to the Point of Beginning.

DESCRIPTION: per this survey (Note: Description per this survey is the same property as that described in the abstract description) BEGINNING at the E1/4 Corner of Section 11, T28N, R9W, Milton Township, Antrim County, Michigan; thence N89 degrees 21 feet 44 inches W 460.00 feet; thence S00 degrees 35 feet 45 inches W 255.0 feet; thence N89 degrees 21 feet 44 inches W 2122.01 feet; thence Northerly along the shore of Elk Lake in the following four (4) courses:

N18 degrees 56 feet 37 inches E 343.77 feet N08 degrees 40 feet 14 inches W 321.80 feet N04 degrees 39 feet 27 inches E 165.85 feet N08 degrees 59 feet 31 inches W 109.54 feet

thence S89 degrees 24 feet 39 inches E 2532.11 feet; thence S89 degrees 00 feet 04 inches 1314.53 feet; thence S00 degrees 38 feet 12 inches W 664.65 feet; thence N88 degrees 59 feet 43 inches W 1314.06 feet along the E-W 1/4 line of
Section 12, T28N, R9W to the Point of Beginning, being a part of the SW1/4 of the NW1/4 of said Section 12 and a part of Government Lots 2 & 3, Section 11, T28N, R9W, containing 70.41 acres of land more or less. Said property extends to waters edge of Elk Lake with riparian rights thereon.



Exhibit 10.20

EXIDE CORPORATION

1997 STOCK OPTION PLAN

SECTION 1. Definitions.

When the following terms are used herein with initial capital letters, they shall have the following meanings:

AWARD. An Option Agreement granted under this Plan, which shall be vested ten (10) years after the Award is granted, or as otherwise provided in Section 5 hereof.

CODE. The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as it has been and may hereafter be amended from time to time, and any proposed, temporary or final Treasury Regulations promulgated thereunder.

COMMITTEE. A committee of the Board of Directors of the Company designated by such Board to administer this Plan, which shall consist of members appointed from time-to-time by the Board of Directors and shall be comprised of not less than such number of directors as shall be required to permit the Plan to satisfy the requirements of Rule 16b-3 of the Rules. Each member of the Committee shall be a "Non-Employee Director" within the meaning of Rule 16b-3. All members of the Committee shall be "outside directors" within the meaning of Section 162(m) of the Code or its successor as then amended, to the extent applicable.

COMPANY. Exide Corporation, a Delaware corporation.

OPTION. The contract right of a Participant to purchase a defined number of shares of the Company, at the closing price on May 1, 1997 of $16.625 per share on the New York Stock Exchange, or at such other closing price on such other date as is set by the Committee, and subject to the terms of this Plan.

OPTION AGREEMENT. Any written agreement, contract or other instrument or document evidencing any Option to purchase shares granted under this Plan, such as the attached form "Stock Option Agreement", or such other form agreement as may be adopted by the Committee.

PARTICIPANT. Employees of the Company and its subsidiaries and affiliates designated by the Committee.

PLAN. This Exide Corporation 1997 Stock Option Plan.

RULES. The Rules and Regulations under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as it has been and may hereafter be amended from time to time, and any temporary or final Securities and Exchance Commission Rules or Regulations promulgated thereunder.

1

STOCK. The shares of Common Stock, $.01 par value, of the Company or such other securities or property as may become subject to Options pursuant to an adjustment made under Section 3.3 of this Plan.

SECTION 2. Administration.

2.1 COMMITTEE. This Plan shall be administered by the Committee. Subject to the express provisions of the Plan and to applicable law, including without limitation the provisions of Section 162(m) of the Code, the Committee shall have full power and authority to: (i) designate Participants; (ii) determine the type or types of Awards to be granted to each Participant under the Plan; (iii) determine the number of shares of Stock to be covered by each Option Agreement;
(iv) determine the terms and conditions of any Award; (v) amend the terms and conditions of any Award and/or accelerate the exercisability of Options or the lapse of restrictions relating to any Awards; (vi) interpret and administer the Plan and any instrument or agreement relating to, or Award made under, the Plan;
(vii) establish, amend, suspend or waive such rules and regulations and appoint such agents as it shall deem appropriate for the proper administration of the Plan; and (viii) make any other determination and take any other action that the Committee deems necessary or desirable for the administration of the Plan. Unless otherwise expressly provided in the Plan, all designations, determinations, interpretations and other decisions under or with respect to the Plan or any Award shall be within the sole discretion of the Committee, and may be made at any time and shall be final, conclusive and binding upon any Participant, any holder or beneficiary of any Award and any employee of the Company or any affiliate thereof.

2.2 PARTICIPANT DETERMINATIONS. Not later than 60 days after this Plan is established, and subject to annual review as appropriate, the Committee shall designate Participants who are eligible to receive Awards.

2.3 STOCKHOLDER APPROVAL. The material terms of this Plan shall be disclosed to and approved by the stockholders of the Company at the Company's 1997 annual meeting of stockholders in accordance with Section 162(m) of the Code. No exercise of an Option shall occur under this Plan unless such stockholder approval has been obtained.

SECTION 3. Options.

3.1 GRANT. The Committee is hereby authorized to Award Options to Participants with the terms and conditions provided herein, with the terms and conditions provided in the attached form "Stock Option Agreement" which is incorporated herein, and/or with such additional terms and conditions not inconsistent with provisions of the Plan as the Committee shall determine, subject to stockholder approval.

(a) EXERCISE PRICE. The purchase price per Share purchasable under an Option Agreement shall be determined by the Committee; provided, however, that such purchase price shall not be less than 100% of the fair market value of a share of Stock on the date of grant of such Option as reasonably determined by the Committee.

2

(b) OPTION TERM. The term of each Option shall be fixed by the Committee.

(c) TIME AND METHOD OF EXERCISE. The Committee shall determine the time or times at which an Option may be exercised in whole or in part and the method or methods by which, and the form or forms (including, without limitation, cash, Shares, promissory notes, other securities or other property, or any combination thereof, having a fair market value on the exercise date equal to the relevant exercise price) in which payment of the exercise price with respect thereto may be made or deemed to have been made.

3.2 SHARES AVAILABLE. Subject to adjustment as provided in Section 3.3 hereof, the aggregate number of shares of Stock available for granting Options pursuant to Option Agreements under the Plan shall be 2,000,000. Shares to be issued under the Plan may be either shares of Stock reacquired and held in the treasury or authorized but unissued shares. If any shares of Stock covered by an Option are not purchased or are forfeited, or if an Option otherwise terminates without delivery of any shares, then the number of Shares counted against the aggregate number of shares of Stock available under the Plan with respect to such Option, to the extent of any such forfeiture or termination, shall again be available for granting Options under this Plan.

3.3 ADJUSTMENT. In the event that the Committee shall determine that any dividend or other distribution (whether in the form of cash, shares of Stock, other securities, or other property), recapitalization, stock split, reverse stock split, reorganization, merger, consolidation, split-up, spin-off, combination, repurchase or exchange of shares or other securities of the Company, issuance of warrants or other rights to purchase Shares or other securities of the Company or other similar corporate transaction or event affects the shares such that an adjustment is determined by the Committee to be appropriate in order to prevent dilution or enlargement of the benefits or potential benefits intended to be made available under the Plan, then the committee shall, in such manner as it may deem equitable, adjust any or all of
(i) the number and type of shares (or other securities or other property) which thereafter may be made the subject of Options, (ii) the number and type of shares (or other securities or other property subject to outstanding Options) and securities or other property subject to outstanding Options) and (iii) the purchase or exercise price with respect to any Options; provided, however, that the number of shares covered by any Option or to which such Options relate shall always be a whole number.

3.4 WITHHOLDING. In order to comply with all applicable federal, state or other governmental income tax laws or regulations in the United States of America or other jurisdictions where the Company employs personnel, the Company may take such action as it deems appropriate to ensure that all applicable federal, state or other jurisdiction payroll, withholding, income or other taxes, which are the sole and absolute responsibility of a Participant, are withheld or collected from such Participant. In order to assist a Participant in paying all or a portion of the federal, state or other jurisdiction taxes to be withheld or collected upon exercise or receipt of (or the lapse of restrictions relating to) an Option, the Committee, in its sole discretion and subject to such additional terms and conditions as it may adopt, may permit the Participant to satisfy such tax obligation by (i) electing to have the Company withhold a portion of the Stock otherwise to be delivered upon exercise or receipt of such Option with a fair market value, as reasonably determined by the Committee, equal to the amount of such taxes or (ii) delivering to the Company Stock other than Stock issuable upon

3

exercise or receipt of such Option with such fair market value equal to the amount of such taxes. The election, if any, must be made on or before the date that the amount of tax to be withheld is determined.

3.5 TERM OF PLAN. This Plan shall end June 1, 2007.

SECTION 4. Limitations.

4.1 AWARDS. Awards pursuant to this Plan shall not be made after May 1, 1998 except as otherwise determined by the Committee, and/or to re-award previously forfeited Awards.

4.2 LIMITATION ON EXERCISE OF AWARDS. No Options may be exercised after June 1, 2007.

4.3 COMMITTEE MAY REDUCE AWARD. With respect to any Participant, except for Participants who received awards as of the May 1, 1997 date of adoption of the Plan, the Committee retains sole discretion to reduce the amount of any Award under this Plan.

4.4 INDIVIDUAL LIMIT. No Participant shall be granted Options covering more than a total of 1,000,000 shares of Stock.

SECTION 5. Exercise of Stock Options.

5. TIME AND FORM OF OPTION EXERCISE. Subject to rules established by the Committee and to Section 6(c), Options may be exercised by the Participant pursuant to an Option Agreement only if the Participant is an active employee of the Company at the time exercise of the Option is to occur (i.e., a Participant who leaves the employ of the Company for any reason forfeits both Options not vested, and in the instance of vested Options, forfeits all Options which have vested but have not been exercised).

(a) 100% vesting ten (10) years after the 1997 date of the Award of the Option Agreement, i.e., upon May 1, 2007, or

(b) Forty percent (40%) vesting upon the Company Stock price once reaching thirty dollars ($30.00) per share, an additional forty percent (40%) vesting upon Company Stock price once reaching fifty dollars ($50.00) per share, and an additional twenty percent (20%) vesting upon Company Stock price once reaching seventy-five dollars ($75.00) per share (i.e., an aggregate 100% vesting when $75.00 per share has been once attained). The Stock price shall be determined by the closing price on the stock exchange on which the Company is listed. In the event of vesting pursuant to this Section 5(b), a vested Option may only be exercised as follows:

4

DATE                                       PERCENT OF EACH SEPARATE VESTED
----                                       -------------------------------
                                           OPTION WHICH MAY BE EXERCISED
                                           -----------------------------

Immediately upon Vesting                      40%
1st Anniversary Date of Vesting               20%
2nd Anniversary Date of Vesting               20%
3rd Anniversary Date of Vesting               20%

                  Total                       100%

PROVIDED HOWEVER, all Options shall be vested May 1, 2007 and may be exercised until June 1, 2007, at which time Options not exercised are forfeited, when the Plan then terminates.

SECTION 6. General Terms of Awards.

(a) NO CASH CONSIDERATIONS FOR AWARDS. Awards shall be granted for no cash consideration or for such minimal cash consideration as may be required by applicable law.

(b) AWARDS MAY BE GRANTED SEPARATELY OR TOGETHER. Awards may, in the sole discretion of the Committee, be granted either alone or in addition to, in tandem with or in substitution for any other Award or any award granted under any plan of the Company. Awards granted in addition to or in tandem with other Awards or in addition to or in tandem with awards granted under any such other plan of the Company may be granted either at the same time as or at a different time from the grant of such other Award or awards.

(c) LIMITS ON TRANSFER OF AWARDS. No Award and no right under any such Award shall be transferable by a Participant otherwise than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution. Any Option transferred by will or the laws of descent and distribution may only be exercised to the extent it was exercisable on the date of death and only within one year of death. Each Award or right under any Award shall be exercisable during the Participant's lifetime only by the Participant or, if permissible under applicable law, by the Participant's guardian or legal representative; provided however no Award may be exercised except by an active employee of the Company. No Award or right under any such Award may be pledged, alienated, attached or otherwise encumbered, and any purported pledge, alienation, attachment or encumbrance thereof shall be void and unenforceable against the Company or any affiliated Company.

(d) RESTRICTIONS; SECURITIES EXCHANGE LISTING. All certificates for Stock or other securities delivered under the Plan pursuant to the exercise of any Option shall be subject to such stop transfer orders and other reasonable restrictions as the Committee may deem advisable under the Plan or the rules, regulations and other requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission and any applicable federal or state securities laws, and the Committee may cause a legend or legends to be placed on any such certificates to make appropriate reference to such restrictions. If the Stock or other securities are traded on a securities exchange, the Company shall not be required to deliver

5

any Stock or other securities have been admitted for trading on such securities exchange. The Company shall use its reasonable efforts to provide for the registration of the securities covered by the Options pursuant to Form S-8 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

SECTION 7. AMENDMENT AND TERMINATION; ADJUSTMENTS. Except to the extent prohibited by applicable law and unless otherwise expressly provided in an Award or in the Plan:

(a) AMENDMENTS TO THE PLAN. The Board of Directors of the Company may amend, alter, suspend, discontinue or terminate the Plan; provided, however, that, notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan or any Award, without the approval of the stockholders of the Company, no such amendment, alteration, suspension, discontinuation or termination shall be made that, absent such approval, would violate the rules or regulations of the NYSE, any other securities exchange or the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. that are applicable to the Company.

(b) AMENDMENTS TO AWARDS. The Committee may waive any conditions of or rights of the Company under any outstanding Award, prospectively or retroactively. The Committee may not amend, alter, suspend, discontinue or terminate any outstanding Award, prospectively or retroactively, without the consent of the Participant or holder or beneficiary thereof, except as otherwise herein provided.

(c) CORRECTION OF DEFECTS, OMISSIONS AND INCONSISTENCIES. The Committee may correct any defect, supply any omission or reconcile any inconsistency in the Plan or any Award in the manner and to the extent it shall deem desirable to carry the Plan into effect.

SECTION 8. Miscellaneous.

8.1 EFFECTIVE DATE. The Plan shall be effective as of May 1, 1997, and an Award may be granted pursuant to the Plan at any time on or after the effective date, subject to stockholder approval.

8.2 HEADINGS. Headings are given to the Sections and subsections of the Plan solely as a convenience to facilitate reference. Such headings shall not be deemed in any way material or relevant to the construction or interpretation of the Plan or any provision thereof.

8.3 APPLICABILITY TO SUCCESSORS. This Plan shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the Company and each signatory Participant, the successors and assigns of the Company, and the beneficiaries, personal representatives and heirs of each Participant.

8.4 EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS AND OTHER BENEFIT PROGRAMS. The provisions of this Plan shall not give any Participant any right to be retained in the employment of the Company. In the absence of any specific agreement to the contrary, this Plan shall not affect any right of the Company, or of any affiliate of the company, to terminate, with or without cause, the participant's employment at any time. This Plan is in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other employee benefit plan or program in which any Participant may be or become eligible to participate by reason of employment with the Company. Receipt of benefits hereunder shall have such effect on

6

contributions to and benefits under such other plans or programs as the provisions of each such other plan or program may specify.

8.5 NO RIGHTS TO AWARDS. No Participant shall have any claim to be granted any Award under the Plan, and there is no obligation for uniformity of treatment of Participants or holders or beneficiaries of Awards under the Plan. The terms and conditions of awards need not be the same with respect to any Participant or with respect to different Participants.

8.6 NO LIMIT ON OTHER COMPENSATION ARRANGEMENTS. Nothing contained in the Plan shall prevent the Company from adopting or continuing in effect other or additional compensation arrangements, and such arrangements may be either generally applicable or applicable only in specific cases.

8.7 NO TRUST OR FUND CREATED. This Plan shall not create or be construed to create a trust or separate fund of any kind or a fiduciary relationship between the Company or any affiliate and a Participant or any other person. To the extent that any person acquires a right to receive payments from the Company or any affiliate pursuant to this Plan, such right shall be no greater than the right of any unsecured general creditor of the Company or of any affiliate.

8.8 GOVERNING LAW. The validity, construction and effect of the Plan or any bonus payable under the Plan shall be determined in accordance with the internal laws, and not the laws of conflicts, of the State of Delaware.

8.9 SEVERABILITY. If any provision of the Plan is or becomes or is deemed to be invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any jurisdiction such provision shall be construed or deemed amended without, in the determination of the Committee, materially altering the purpose or intent of the Plan, such provision shall be stricken as to such jurisdiction, and the remainder of the Plan shall remain in full force and effect.

This Plan was approved by the Board of Directors at 11:10 a.m. as of May 1, 1997 at Wilmington, Delaware.


Corporate Secretary

7

[LOGO]
THE BUREAU OF NATIONAL AFFAIRS INC.    2012 MEADOW RIDGE, COMMERCE TWP, MI 48390
JOHN C VARCIE                          PHONE: 248 960-0652 FAX: 248 960-0692
DISTRICT REPRESENTATIVE                CUSTOMER RELATIONS: 1-800-372-1003

June 16, 1998

JOHN R VAN ZILE
Exide Corp
1400 N Woodward Ste 130
Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304

Mr. Van Zile,

You are invited to review a copy of the newest addition to the BNA Corporate Law series. Please review this synopsis and I will call next week to arrange a free trial:

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE MANUAL*
&
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE LIBRARY ON CD*

The Corporate Governance Manual (CGM) is a one-binder practical reference service that gives you quickly accessible, yet thorough, guidance on managing core corporate governance areas, including annual meetings of shareholders, board of directors, audit committees, and compensation committees. Each section of the Corporate Governance Manual is extensively footnoted and contains expert analyses written by top practitioners in the field of coverage.

You'll find the Corporate Governance Manual worksheets to be an invaluable time-saving resource. The worksheets keep you from "reinventing the wheel" by providing checklists, agendas, forms, minutes, time-tables, annual meeting scripts, etc. that can be easily customized to your own situation.

The monthly newsletter reports on the latest developments in case law, industry practices, key speeches by government officials, and pertinent conferences. The state coverage, with an emphasis on Delaware, includes legislative and regulatory developments affecting securities and corporate law.

The CD-ROM version of the Corporate Governance Manual includes all of the features mentioned above as well as the complete text of federal and state cases cited in the manual. The CD also contains statutory materials, including the text of the Delaware Code, Title 8. You will find the worksheets to be even more valuable as you simply "cut and paste" them into your own work product.

John Varcie



Exhibit 21.1

                                                                  Jurisdiction
Subsidiary Name                                       Ownership of Incorporation
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Exide Canada, Inc.                                     100.00%       Canada
        8301 Keele St.
        Maple, Ontario
        Canada L6A 1T2

General Battery Corporation                            100.00%      Delaware
        645 Penn St.
        Reading, PA  19601

Sociedad Espanola del Acumulador Tudor, S.A.            95.77%        Spain
        Condesa de Venadito, 1
        28027 Madrid, Spain

Gaztambide, S.A.                                       100.00%        Spain
        Condesa de Venadito, 1
        28027 Madrid, Spain

Terrenos y Construcciones, S.A.                        100.00%        Spain
        Condesa de Venadito, 1
        28027 Madrid, Spain

Sociedade Portuguesa do Acumulador Tudor, S.A.(SPAT)    84.40%      Portugal
        Rua Actor Tasso, 1
        1050 Lisbon, Portugal

Exide Verwaltungsgesellschaft                          100.00%       Germany
        Coesterweg, 45
        D-59494 Soest    Germany

Hagen, AG                                               98.50%       Germany
        Coesterweg, 45
        D-59494 Soest, Germany

Exide Automotive, GmbH                                 100.00%       Germany
        Miramstrasse 74
        34123 Kassel, Germany

Exide Batteriewerke GmbH                               100.00%       Austria
        Puntigamerstrasse 127
        8055 Graz, Austria

Mercolec Tudor, BV                                     100.00%     Netherlands


Exhibit 21.1

                                                                  Jurisdiction
Subsidiary Name                                       Ownership of Incorporation
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


        Amsteldjik 166
        1079 LH Amsterdam, Netherlands

Tudor Hellenic S.A.                                    100.00%       Greece
        3 Plastira St.
        GR 144-52 Metamorfosi, Greece

Tudor India                                             51.00%        India
        147 Jolly Maker Chambers 2 - 14th Fl.
        Nariman Point - Bombay 400021, India

Exide Holding Europe SA                                100.00%       France
        5 a 7 allee des pierres Mayettes
        92636 Gennevilliers, France

Compagnie Europeene d'Accumulateurs                    100.00%       France
        5 a 7 allee des pierres Mayettes
        92636 Gennevilliers, France

TS Batteries                                           100.00%       France
        5 a 7 allee des pierres Mayettes
        92636 Gennevilliers, France

Batterie Hagen  SA                                     100.00%       France
        5 a 7 allee des pierres Mayettes
        92636 Gennevilliers, France

Exide Automotive BV                                    100.00%       Belgium
        93 rue de Florival
        1390 Archennes, Belgium

CMP Batterijen NV                                      100.00%       Belgium
        93 rue de Florival
        1390 Archennes, Belgium

Hagen Batterijen BV                                    100.00%     Netherlands
        Zoonebaan 6
        3606 CA Maarsen, Netherlands

CMP Batterijen BV                                      100.00%     Netherlands
        Postus 162 Produktiestraat 25
        3130 AD Vlaardingen, Netherlands


Exhibit 21.1

                                                                  Jurisdiction
Subsidiary Name                                       Ownership of Incorporation
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ATSA Batterijen BV                                     100.00%     Netherlands
        Energieweg 105 Postbus 26
        3640 AA Mijdrecht, Netherlands

Exide Automotive BV                                    100.00%     Netherlands
        Energieweg 105
        3641 RT Mijdrecht, Netherlands

Industria Composizione Stampate (ICS)                  100.00%        Italy
        Via bergamo, 1
        Canonica d'Adda Bergamo  28040, Italy

Societa Industriale Accumulatori Srl (SINAC)           100.00%        Italy
        Via Dante Allghieri 100/106
        Romano Di Lombardia, Italy

Compagnie Generale Accumulatori Spa                    100.00%        Italy
        Via Benevento 40
        80013 Casalnuovo Di Napoli, Italy



TS Batterie Srl                                        100.00%        Italy
        Via Monzese 76
        Segrate, Italy

Accumulatorenfabrik Sonnencshein GmbH                   99.90%       Germany
        Thiergarten
        63654 Budingen

Sonnenschein Lithium GmbH                               49.95%       Germany
        Industriestrasse 22
        63654     Budingen

CENTRA Spolka Akcyjna (CENTRA)                          96.05%       Poland
        Gdynska 31/33
        61-0166 Poznen, Poland

INCI CEAC Aku Sanayi; Anomi Sirketi                     50.00%       Turkey
        Organize Sanayi Bolgesi
        45030 Maines, Turkey

Fulmen Iberica                                          96.12%        Spain
        Poligono Industrial El Pla


Exhibit 21.1

                                                                  Jurisdiction
Subsidiary Name                                       Ownership of Incorporation
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

        C/Miguel Torello Pages, 11-13
        06750 Molin de rel, Spain

TUDOR AB                                               100.00%       Sweden
        8-44041     Sweden

Exide Sonnak A/S                                       100.00%       Norway
        Molovelen 25
        N-3191 Horten, Norway

Exide Oy                                               100.00%       Finland
        Sahkotie, 8
        8F-01510 Vantaa, Finland

CMP Batteries Ltd                                      100.00%       England
        PO Box 1 Salford Road Over Hulton
        Bolton BL5 1DD

TS Batteries Limited                                   100.00%       England
        PO Box 1 Salford Road Over Hulton
        Bolton BL5 1DD

Euro Exide Corporation Limited                          81.50%   United Kingdom
        PO Box 1 Salford Road Over Hulton
        Bolton BL5 1DD

Exide Batteries Limited                                 81.50%   United Kingdom
        Caldicot Way, Cwmbran
        Gwent, Wales

BIG Batteries Limited                                   81.50%   United Kingdom
        Caldicot Way, Cwmbran
        Gwent, Wales


BIG France SARL                                         81.50%       France
        6/10 rue Olaf Palme, Emerainville
        Pariest, 77312
        Marne la Vallee, France

Exide (Holdings) Limited                                81.50%   United Kingdom
        Chequers Lane
        Dagenham, Essex   RM9 6PX

Exide (Dagenham) Limited                                81.50%   United Kingdom


Exhibit 21.1

                                                                  Jurisdiction
Subsidiary Name                                       Ownership of Incorporation
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

        Chequers Lane
        Dagenham, Essex   RM9 6PX

Exide Batterrier AB                                     81.50%       Sweden
        Box 458
        651 10 Karistad, Stockholm, Sweden

DETA USA Inc.                                          100.00%      Delaware
        802 West St. Suite 209
        Delaware, DE 19801

I.C.C.S. Batterie Vertrieb GmbH                        100.00%       Germany
        Miramstrasse 74
        34123 Kassel, Germany

Refined Metals                                         100.00%      Delaware
        257 W. Mallary St.
        Memphis, TN 38109

DETA Akkumulatorenwerk GmbH                            100.00%       Germany
        Postfach 11 64
        D. 37421 Bad Lauterberg, Germany

Middland Batteries                                     100.00%   United Kingdom
        P.O. Box 1 Salford Road Over Hulton
        Bolton BL 1 DD

FRIWO Siberkraft GmbH                                  100.00%       Germany
        Postfach 11 64
        D. 37421 Bad Lauterberg, Germany



Exhibit 10.22

EXIDE CORPORATION,

CERTAIN BORROWING SUBSIDIARIES

AND

CERTAIN GUARANTORS


$650,000,000
CREDIT AND GUARANTEE AGREEMENT

DATED AS OF
DECEMBER 19, 1997


LEHMAN COMMERCIAL PAPER INC.,
as Syndication Agent

CREDIT SUISSE FIRST BOSTON,
as Administrative Agent

LEHMAN BROTHERS INC.
and
CREDIT SUISSE FIRST BOSTON,
as Arrangers



TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                                      Page
                                                                                      ----
SECTION 1. DEFINITIONS.............................................................    2
     1.1   Defined Terms...........................................................    2
     1.2   Other Definitional Provisions...........................................   33

SECTION 2. AMOUNT AND TERMS OF COMMITMENTS.........................................   33
     2.1   Term Loan Commitments...................................................   33
     2.2   Procedure for Term Loan Borrowing.......................................   33
     2.3   Repayment of Term Loans.................................................   34
     2.4   Revolving Credit Commitments............................................   35
     2.5   Procedure for Revolving Credit Borrowing................................   36
     2.6   Swing Line Commitment...................................................   37
     2.7   Procedure for Swing Line Borrowing; Refunding of Swing Line Loans.......   37
     2.8   Reallocation of Swing Line Maximums.....................................   40

SECTION 3. PROVISIONS RELATING TO EXTENSIONS OF CREDIT; FEES AND
           PAYMENT.................................................................   40
     3.1   Repayment of Loans; Evidence of Debt....................................   40
     3.2   Facility Fees, Commitment Fees, etc.....................................   41
     3.3   Termination or Reduction of Revolving Credit Commitments................   42
     3.4   Optional Prepayments....................................................   42
     3.5   Mandatory Prepayments and Commitment Reductions.........................   43
     3.6   Conversion and Continuation Options.....................................   44
     3.7   Minimum Amounts and Maximum Number of Eurocurrency Tranches.............   45
     3.8   Interest Rates and Payment Dates........................................   45
     3.9   Computation of Interest and Fees........................................   47
     3.10  Inability to Determine Interest Rate....................................   47
     3.11  Pro Rata Treatment and Payments.........................................   48
     3.12  Requirements of Law.....................................................   51
     3.13  Taxes...................................................................   52
     3.14  Indemnity...............................................................   53
     3.15  Illegality..............................................................   54
     3.16  Change of Lending Office................................................   54
     3.17  Replacement of Lenders under Certain Circumstances......................   54
     3.18  Controls; Currency Exchange Rate Fluctuations...........................   55
     3.19  European Monetary Union.................................................   55
     3.20  Reporting Requirements of Swing Line Lenders and Issuing Lenders........   56

SECTION 4. LETTERS OF CREDIT.......................................................   56
     4.1   L/C Commitment..........................................................   56
     4.2   Procedure for Issuance of Letters of Credit.............................   57
     4.3   L/C Participations......................................................   57
     4.4   Reimbursement Obligation With Respect to Letters of Credit..............   59
     4.5   Obligations Absolute....................................................   59
     4.6   Commissions, Fees and Other Charges.....................................   60

-i-

                                                                                     Page
                                                                                     ----
     4.7   Letter of Credit Payments...............................................   60
     4.8   Applications............................................................   60
     4.9   Transitional Provisions.................................................   60

SECTION 5. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES..........................................   61
     5.1   Financial Condition.....................................................   61
     5.2   No Change...............................................................   62
     5.3   Corporate Existence; Compliance with Law................................   62
     5.4   Corporate Power; Authorization; Enforceable Obligations.................   62
     5.5   No Legal Bar............................................................   62
     5.6   No Material Litigation..................................................   62
     5.7   No Default..............................................................   63
     5.8   Ownership of Property; Liens............................................   63
     5.9   Intellectual Property...................................................   63
     5.10  Taxes...................................................................   63
     5.11  Federal Regulations.....................................................   63
     5.12  Labor Matters...........................................................   63
     5.13  ERISA...................................................................   64
     5.14  Investment Company Act; Other Regulations...............................   64
     5.15  Subsidiaries............................................................   64
     5.16  Use of Proceeds.........................................................   64
     5.17  Environmental Matters...................................................   64
     5.18  Accuracy of Information, etc............................................   65
     5.19  Security Documents......................................................   66
     5.20  Solvency................................................................   67
     5.21  Senior Indebtedness.....................................................   67

SECTION 6. CONDITIONS PRECEDENT....................................................   67
     6.1   Conditions to Initial Extension of Credit...............................   67
     6.2   Conditions to Each Extension of Credit..................................   70

SECTION 7. AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS...................................................   71
     7.1   Financial Statements....................................................   71
     7.2   Certificates; Other Information.........................................   71
     7.3   Payment of Obligations..................................................   73
     7.4   Conduct of Business and Maintenance of Existence, etc...................   73
     7.5   Maintenance of Property; Insurance......................................   73
     7.6   Inspection of Property; Books and Records; Discussions..................   73
     7.7   Notices.................................................................   73
     7.8   Environmental Laws......................................................   74
     7.9   Interest Rate Protection................................................   74
     7.10  Additional Collateral, etc..............................................   74
     7.11  Clean-Down..............................................................   76

SECTION 8. NEGATIVE COVENANTS......................................................   76
     8.1   Financial Condition Covenants...........................................   77
     8.2   Limitation on Indebtedness..............................................   78
     8.3   Limitation on Liens.....................................................   79
     8.4   Limitation on Fundamental Changes.......................................   81
     8.5   Limitation on Sale of Assets............................................   81

-ii-

                                                                                    Page
                                                                                    ----
     8.6    Limitation on Dividends................................................   82
     8.7    Limitation on Capital Expenditures.....................................   83
     8.8    Limitation on Investments, Loans and Advances..........................   83
     8.9    Limitation on Optional Payments and Modifications of Debt Instruments,
            etc....................................................................   85
     8.10   Limitation on Transactions with Affiliates.............................   85
     8.11   Limitation on Sales and Leasebacks.....................................   85
     8.12   Limitation on Changes in Fiscal Periods................................   86
     8.13   Limitation on Negative Pledge Clauses..................................   86
     8.14   Limitation on Restrictions on Subsidiary Distributions.................   86
     8.15   Limitation on Lines of Business........................................   86

SECTION 9. EVENTS OF DEFAULT.......................................................   87

SECTION 10. GUARANTEE..............................................................   90
     10.1   Guarantee..............................................................   90
     10.2   No Subrogation, Contribution, Reimbursement or Indemnity...............   92
     10.3   Amendments, etc........................................................   92
     10.4   Guarantee Absolute and Unconditional...................................   93
     10.5   Reinstatement..........................................................   93
     10.6   Payments...............................................................   94
     10.7   Limited Effect of Limitations on Guarantees............................   94

SECTION 11. THE AGENTS.............................................................   94
     11.1   Appointment............................................................   94
     11.2   Delegation of Duties...................................................   94
     11.3   Exculpatory Provisions.................................................   94
     11.4   Reliance by Agents.....................................................   95
     11.5   Notice of Default......................................................   95
     11.6   Non-Reliance on Agents and Other Lenders...............................   95
     11.7   Indemnification........................................................   96
     11.8   Agent in Its Individual Capacity.......................................   96
     11.9   Successor Administrative Agent.........................................   96
     11.10  Authorization to Release Liens.........................................   97
     11.11  Public Deeds for Purposes of Spanish Law...............................   97
     11.12  The Arranger...........................................................   97

SECTION 12. MISCELLANEOUS..........................................................   97
     12.1   Amendments and Waivers.................................................   97
     12.2   Notices................................................................   98
     12.3   No Waiver; Cumulative Remedies.........................................   99
     12.4   Survival of Representations and Warranties.............................   99
     12.5   Payment of Expenses....................................................   99
     12.6   Successors and Assigns; Participations and Assignments.................  100
     12.7   Adjustments; Set-off...................................................  103
     12.8   Conversion of Loans....................................................  104
     12.9   Addition of Borrowing Subsidiaries.....................................  105
     12.10  Collateral Agency and Intercreditor Agreement..........................  106
     12.11  Counterparts...........................................................  106
     12.12  Severability...........................................................  106

-iii-

                                                                               Page
                                                                               ----
12.13  Integration............................................................  106
12.14  GOVERNING LAW..........................................................  106
12.15  Submission To Jurisdiction; Waivers....................................  106
12.16  Acknowledgements.......................................................  107
12.17  WAIVERS OF JURY TRIAL..................................................  107
12.18  Confidentiality........................................................  107
12.19  Enforceability; Usury..................................................  108
12.20  Judgment...............................................................  108
12.21  German Limitations on Liability........................................  109
12.22  Certain Waivers........................................................  109

ANNEXES

A         Pricing Grid
B         Calculation of The MLA Cost

                                   SCHEDULES
                     ----------------------------------

1.1A      Commitments
1.1B      Addresses and Designated Maximums for Borrowing Subsidiaries
1.1C      Currency Maximums
1.1D      Mortgaged Property
1.1E      Permitted Acquisitions
1.1F      Certain Letters of Credit
1.1G      Wholly Owned Subsidiaries
5.4       Consents, Authorizations, Filings and Notices
5.15      Subsidiaries
5.17      Assumed Environmental Liabilities
5.19(a)   UCC Filing Jurisdictions
5.19(b)   Mortgage Filing Jurisdictions
8.2(e)    Existing Indebtedness
8.3(f)    Existing Liens
8.5       Permitted Asset Sales
8.8(j)    Existing Investments
8.14      Existing Restrictions on Subsidiary Distributions
10.1      Exceptions to Guarantees by Foreign Subsidiaries

                                   EXHIBITS
                     ----------------------------------

A         Form of Collateral Agency and Intercreditor Agreement
B         Form of Collateral Agreement
C         Form of Compliance Certificate
D         Form of Domestic Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement
E         Form of Foreign Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement
F-1       Form of Tranche A Term Note
F-2       Form of Tranche B Term Note
F-3       Form of Revolving Credit Note
F-4       Form of Swing Line Note
G         Form of Prepayment Option Notice
H         Form of Exemption Certificate
I         Form of Closing Certificate

-iv-

J Form of Legal Opinion of Kirkland & Ellis
K Form of Assignment and Acceptance
L Form of Borrowing Subsidiary Joinder Agreement

-v-

EXHIBIT 10.22

CREDIT AND GUARANTEE AGREEMENT, dated as of December 19, 1997, among:

(a) Exide Corporation, a Delaware corporation (the "Company");

(b) the Borrowing Subsidiaries signatories hereto;

(c) the Guarantors signatories hereto;

(d) the several Lenders from time to time parties hereto;

(e) Lehman Brothers Inc. and Credit Suisse First Boston, as advisors and arrangers (in such capacity, the "Arrangers");

(f) Credit Suisse First Boston, as administrative agent (in such capacity, the "Administrative Agent") for the Lenders; and

(g) Lehman Commercial Paper Inc., as syndication agent (in such capacity, the "Syndication Agent") for the Lenders.

W I T N E S S E T H:

WHEREAS, the Company is a party to the Credit Agreement, dated as of August 30, 1994 (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the "Existing Domestic Credit Agreement"), with the lenders parties thereto and Bankers Trust Company, as administrative agent;

WHEREAS, certain foreign subsidiaries of the Company (including certain of the Borrowing Subsidiaries) are parties to the Amended and Restated Facilities Agreement, dated 3 July 1997 (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the "Existing Foreign Credit Agreement"; and together with the Existing Domestic Credit Agreement, the "Existing Credit Agreements"), with the lenders parties thereto and Bankers Trust Company, as agent;

WHEREAS, the Company wishes to refinance the Existing Credit Agreements and redeem its 10-3/4% Senior Notes due December 15, 2002 (the "Senior 10-3/4% Notes");

WHEREAS, the Company has requested that the Lenders make available certain credit facilities, the proceeds of which would be used to refinance the Existing Credit Agreements and (in the case of proceeds made available to the Company) to redeem its Senior 10-3/4% Notes;


2

WHEREAS, the Lenders are willing to make such credit facilities available upon and subject to the terms and conditions hereinafter set forth;

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises and the agreements hereinafter set forth, the parties hereto hereby agree as follows:

SECTION 1. DEFINITIONS

1.1 Defined Terms. As used in this Agreement, the terms listed in this Section 1.1 shall have the respective meanings set forth in this Section 1.1.

"Acquired Indebtedness": the difference (but not below zero) between
(a) Indebtedness of a Subsidiary of the Company assumed or acquired as a result of a Permitted Acquisition, so long as the respective Indebtedness existed prior to the respective Permitted Acquisition and was not incurred in connection with, or in contemplation of, the Permitted Acquisition or the respective Person becoming a Subsidiary of the Company, and provided that no Person other than the respective Subsidiary created or acquired as a result of the respective Permitted Acquisition shall have any liability
(contingent or otherwise) with respect to any Acquired Indebtedness and (b) the net working capital (defined as current assets minus current liabilities) (but not below zero) of the Subsidiary acquired as a result of such Permitted Acquisition.

"Adjustment Date": as defined in the Pricing Grid.

"Affiliate": as to any Person, any other Person which, directly or indirectly, is in control of, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such Person. For purposes of this definition, "control" of a Person means the power, directly or indirectly, either to (a) vote 10% or more of the securities having ordinary voting power for the election of directors (or persons performing similar functions) of such Person or (b) direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person, whether by contract or otherwise.

"Agents": the collective reference to the Syndication Agent and the

Administrative Agent.

"Aggregate Exposure": with respect to any Lender, an amount equal to
(a) until the Closing Date, the aggregate amount of such Lender's Commitments and (b) thereafter, the sum of (i) the aggregate unpaid principal amount of such Lender's Term Loans and (ii) the amount of such Lender's Revolving Credit Commitment or, if the Revolving Credit Commitments have been terminated, the amount of such Lender's Revolving Extensions of Credit.

"Aggregate Exposure Percentage" with respect to any Lender, the ratio (expressed as a percentage) of such Lender's Aggregate Exposure to the Aggregate Exposure of all Lenders.

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"Agreement": this Credit and Guarantee Agreement, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

"Applicable Margin": for each Type of Loan, the rate per annum set forth under the relevant column heading below:

                          Base Rate Loans and
                           Foreign Alternate       Eurocurrency
                              Rate Loans              Loans
                         ---------------------   ---------------
Revolving Credit Loans            .50%                 1.50%
Tranche A Term Loans             1.00%                 2.00%
Tranche B Term Loans             1.25%                 2.25%

provided, that on and after the first Adjustment Date occurring after the completion of two full fiscal quarters of the Company after the Closing Date, the Applicable Margin will be determined pursuant to the Pricing Grid.

"Application": an application, in such form as the Issuing Lender may specify from time to time, requesting such issuing lender to open a Letter of Credit.

"Asset Sale": any Disposition of Property or series of related Dispositions of Property (excluding any such Disposition permitted by any of clauses (a) through (f) of Section 8.5 or any such Disposition described in Section 8.11(b)) which yields gross proceeds (valued at the initial principal amount thereof in the case of non-cash proceeds consisting of notes or other debt securities and valued at fair market value in the case of other non-cash proceeds) to the Company and any of its Subsidiaries in excess of $500,000.

"Assignee": as defined in Section 12.6(c).

"Assignor": as defined in Section 12.6(c).

"Available ECF Amount": at any date on or after April 1, 1999, the portion of Excess Cash Flow for the fiscal year most recently ended which was not required to be applied to prepay the Term Loans and reduce the Revolving Credit Commitments pursuant to Section 3.5 (as set forth in the certificate delivered by the Company pursuant to Section 7.2(a) with respect to such prior fiscal year).

"Available Prepayment Amount": at any time during any fiscal year of the Company, an amount equal to the lesser of:

(a) the difference between (i) $20,000,000 and (ii) the aggregate principal amount of Eligible Prepayment Debt which prior to such time has been prepaid, repurchased or redeemed during the term of this Agreement;

(b) the amount equal to (i) the Available ECF Amount minus (ii) the amount (to the extent positive) by which (A) the sum of (x) the aggregate Purchase Prices for all Permitted Acquisitions consummated since the Closing Date and (y) the aggregate principal amount of Eligible Prepayment Debt


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which has been prepaid, repurchased or redeemed during such fiscal year exceeds (B) $80,000,000.

"Available Revolving Credit Commitment": as to any Revolving Credit Lender at any time, an amount equal to the excess, if any, of (a) such Lender's Revolving Credit Commitment over (b) the Dollar Equivalent of such

Lender's Revolving Extensions of Credit.

"Base Rate": for any day, a rate per annum (rounded upwards, if necessary, to the next 1/16 of 1%) equal to the greatest of (a) the Prime Rate in effect on such day and (b) the Federal Funds Effective Rate in effect on such day plus 1/2 of 1%. For purposes hereof: "Prime Rate" shall mean the rate of interest per annum publicly announced from time to time by the Reference Lender as its prime or base rate in effect at its principal office in New York City (the Prime Rate not being intended to be the lowest rate of interest charged by the Reference Lender in connection with extensions of credit to debtors). Any change in the Base Rate due to a change in the Prime Rate or the Federal Funds Effective Rate shall be effective as of the opening of business on the effective day of such change in the Prime Rate or the Federal Funds Effective Rate, respectively.

"Base Rate Loans": Loans the rate of interest applicable to which is based upon the Base Rate.

"Board": the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the

United States (or any successor).

"Borrower" or "Borrowers": the individual or collective reference to the Company and the Borrowing Subsidiaries, in their respective capacities as borrowers hereunder.

"Borrowing Date": any Business Day specified by a Borrower as a date on which such Borrower requests the relevant Lenders to make Loans hereunder.

"Borrowing Subsidiary": each Foreign Subsidiary of the Company set forth on the signature pages hereto as a Borrowing Subsidiary.

"Borrowing Subsidiary Joinder Agreement": the Borrowing Subsidiary Joinder Agreement, substantially in the form of Exhibit L.

"Business": as defined in Section 5.17.

"Business Day": a day other than a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks in New York City or London, England are authorized or required by law to close; provided that such day also (a) is a day upon which trading is conducted by and between banks in deposits for the currency in which such Eurocurrency Loan is to be made in the relevant interbank eurocurrency market, with respect to notices and determinations in connection with, and payments of principal and interest on, Eurocurrency Loans and (b) is not a day on which commercial banks in the principal financial center in the country in which such Borrowing Subsidiary is

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organized are authorized or required by law to close, in the case of Loans made to any Borrowing Subsidiary.

"Capital Expenditures": for any period, with respect to any Person, the aggregate of all expenditures by such Person and its Subsidiaries for the acquisition or leasing (pursuant to a capital lease) of fixed or capital assets or additions to equipment (including replacements, capitalized repairs and improvements during such period) which should be capitalized under GAAP on a consolidated balance sheet of such Person and its Subsidiaries.

"Capital Lease Obligations": as to any Person, the obligations of such Person to pay rent or other amounts under any lease of (or other arrangement conveying the right to use) real or personal property, or a combination thereof, which obligations are required to be classified and accounted for as capital leases on a balance sheet of such Person under GAAP, and, for the purposes of this Agreement, the amount of such obligations at any time shall be the capitalized amount thereof at such time determined in accordance with GAAP.

"Capital Stock": any and all shares, interests, participations or other equivalents (however designated) of capital stock of a corporation, any and all equivalent ownership interests in a Person (other than a corporation) and any and all warrants, rights or options to purchase any of the foregoing.

"Cash Equivalents": (a) marketable direct obligations issued by, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States Government or issued by any agency thereof and backed by the full faith and credit of the United States, in each case maturing within one year from the date of acquisition;
(b) certificates of deposit, time deposits, eurodollar time deposits or overnight bank deposits having maturities of six months or less from the date of acquisition issued by any Lender or by any commercial bank organized under the laws of the United States of America or any state thereof having combined capital and surplus of not less than $500,000,000;
(c) commercial paper of an issuer rated at least A-2 by Standard & Poor's Ratings Services ("S&P") or P-2 by Moody's Investors Service, Inc.

("Moody's"), or carrying an equivalent rating by a nationally recognized rating agency, if both of the two named rating agencies cease publishing ratings of commercial paper issuers generally, and maturing within six months from the date of acquisition; (d) repurchase obligations of any Lender or of any commercial bank satisfying the requirements of clause (b) of this definition, having a term of not more than 30 days with respect to securities issued or fully guaranteed or insured by the United States government; (e) securities with maturities of one year or less from the date of acquisition issued or fully guaranteed by any state, commonwealth or territory of the United States, by any political subdivision or taxing authority of any such state, commonwealth or territory or by any foreign government, the securities of which state, commonwealth, territory, political subdivision, taxing authority or foreign government (as the case may be) are rated at least A by S&P or A by Moody's; (f) securities with maturities of six months or less from the date of acquisition backed by standby letters of credit issued by any Lender or any commercial bank satisfying the requirements of clause (b) of this definition; or (g) shares of money market mutual or similar funds which invest

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exclusively in assets satisfying the requirements of clauses (a) through
(f) of this definition.

"Closing Date": the date on which the conditions precedent set forth in Section 6.1 shall have been satisfied, which date shall be no later than January 15, 1998.

"Code": the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to

time.

"Collateral": all Property of the Loan Parties, now owned or hereafter acquired, upon which a Lien is purported to be created by any Security Document.

"Collateral Agency and Intercreditor Agreement": the Collateral Agency and Intercreditor Agreement to be executed and delivered by the Company and the Administrative Agent (on behalf of each of the Lenders), substantially in the form of Exhibit A, as the same may be amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

"Collateral Agreement": the Collateral Agreement to be executed and delivered by the Company and each Domestic Subsidiary Guarantor, substantially in the form of Exhibit B, as the same may be amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

"Commitment": as to any Lender, the sum of the Tranche A Term Loan Commitment, the Tranche B Term Loan Commitment and the Revolving Credit Commitment of such Lender.

"Commonly Controlled Entity": an entity, whether or not incorporated, which is under common control with the Company within the meaning of
Section 4001 of ERISA or is part of a group which includes the Company and which is treated as a single employer under Section 414 of the Code.

"Compliance Certificate": a certificate duly executed by a Responsible Officer substantially in the form of Exhibit C.

"Confidential Information Memorandum": the Confidential Information Memorandum dated November 1997 and furnished to the Lenders.

"Consolidated Current Assets": at any date, all amounts (other than cash and Cash Equivalents) which would, in conformity with GAAP, be set forth opposite the caption "total current assets" (or any like caption) on a consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries at such date.

"Consolidated Current Liabilities": at any date, all amounts which would, in conformity with GAAP, be set forth opposite the caption "total current liabilities" (or any like caption) on a consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries at such date, but excluding (a) the current portion of any Funded Debt and any short-term lines of credit of the Company and its Subsidiaries and (b) without duplication of clause (a) above, all Indebtedness consisting of Revolving Credit Loans or Swing Line Loans to the extent otherwise included therein.

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"Consolidated EBITDA": for any period, Consolidated Net Income for such period plus, without duplication and to the extent reflected as a charge in

the statement of such Consolidated Net Income for such period, the sum of
(a) income tax expense, (b) interest expense, amortization or writeoff of debt discount and debt issuance costs and commissions, discounts and other fees and charges associated with Indebtedness (including the Loans), (c) depreciation and amortization expense, (d) amortization of intangibles (including, but not limited to, goodwill) and organization costs, (e) any other non-cash charges and (f) any foreign currency translation losses required to be recognized in accordance with GAAP with respect to intercompany obligations, and minus, to the extent included in the statement of such Consolidated Net Income for such period, the sum of (a) interest income, (b) any extraordinary, unusual or non-recurring income or gains (including, whether or not otherwise includable as a separate item in the statement of such Consolidated Net Income for such period, gains on the sales of assets outside of the ordinary course of business), (c) any other non-cash income, all as determined on a consolidated basis and (d) any foreign currency translation gains required to be recognized in accordance with GAAP with respect to intercompany obligations.

"Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio": for any period, the ratio of (a) Consolidated EBITDA for such period less (i) the aggregate amount actually paid by the Company and its Subsidiaries in cash during such period on account of Capital Expenditures and (ii) any Restructuring Charges during such period to (b) Consolidated Fixed Charges for such period.

"Consolidated Fixed Charges": for any period, the sum (without duplication) of (a) Consolidated Interest Expense (net of consolidated interest income) for such period, (b) cash income taxes paid by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis in respect of such period, (c) scheduled payments made during such period on account of principal of Indebtedness of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (including scheduled principal payments in respect of the Term Loans and scheduled reductions of the Revolving Credit Commitments) and (d) any dividends paid in cash during such period in accordance with the provisions of Section 8.6(c).

"Consolidated Interest Expense": for any period, total cash interest expense (including that attributable to Capital Lease Obligations) of the Company and its Subsidiaries for such period with respect to all outstanding Indebtedness of the Company and its Subsidiaries (including, without limitation, all commissions, discounts and other fees and charges owed with respect to letters of credit and bankers' acceptance financing and net costs under Interest Rate Protection Agreements to the extent such net costs are allocable to such period in accordance with GAAP).

"Consolidated Leverage Ratio": as at the last day of any period of four consecutive fiscal quarters, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Total Debt on such day to (b) Consolidated EBITDA for such period; provided that for purposes of calculating Consolidated EBITDA of the Company and its Subsidiaries for any period, the Consolidated EBITDA of any Person acquired by the Company or its Subsidiaries during such period shall be included on a pro forma basis for such period (assuming the consummation of each such acquisition and the incurrence or assumption of any

8

Indebtedness in connection therewith occurred on the first day of such period) if the consolidated balance sheet of such acquired Person and its consolidated Subsidiaries as at the end of the period preceding the acquisition of such Person and the related consolidated statements of income and stockholders' equity and of cash flows for the period in respect of which Consolidated EBITDA is to be calculated (i) have been previously provided to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders and (ii) either (A) have been reported on without a qualification arising out of the scope of the audit by independent certified public accountants of nationally recognized standing or (B) have been found acceptable by the Administrative Agent.

"Consolidated Net Income": for any period, the consolidated net income (or loss) of the Company and its Subsidiaries, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP; provided that there shall be excluded (a) the income (or deficit) of any Person accrued prior to the date it becomes a Subsidiary of the Company or is merged into or consolidated with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, (b) the income (or deficit) of any Person (other than a Subsidiary of the Company) in which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has an ownership interest, except to the extent that any such income is actually received by the Company or such Subsidiary in the form of dividends or similar distributions and (c) the undistributed earnings of any Subsidiary of the Company to the extent that the declaration or payment of dividends or similar distributions by such Subsidiary is not at the time permitted by the terms of any Contractual Obligation (other than under any Loan Document) or Requirement of Law applicable to such Subsidiary.

"Consolidated Total Debt": at any date, the aggregate principal amount of all Indebtedness of the Company and its Subsidiaries at such date, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP.

"Consolidated Working Capital": at any date, the excess of Consolidated Current Assets on such date over Consolidated Current Liabilities on such date.

"Continuing Directors": the directors of the Company on the Closing Date, and each other director, if, in each case, such other director's nomination for election to the board of directors of the Company is recommended by at least 66-2/3% of the then Continuing Directors.

"Contractual Obligation": as to any Person, any provision of any security issued by such Person or of any agreement, instrument or other undertaking to which such Person is a party or by which it or any of its Property is bound.

"Convertible Indenture": the Indenture, dated as of December 15, 1995, between the Company and The Bank of New York, as trustee, pursuant to which the Convertible Notes were issued, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof and thereof.

"Convertible Notes": the 2.9% Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes due 2005 of the Company, issued pursuant to the Convertible Indenture.

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"Currency Maximum": with respect to any Optional Currency, the amount set forth opposite such Optional Currency on Schedule 1.1C hereto.

"Default": any of the events specified in Section 9, whether or not any requirement for the giving of notice, the lapse of time, or both, has been satisfied.

"Designated Disposition Proceeds": at any date, the amount equal to the aggregate Net Cash Proceeds received from Asset Sales with respect to assets which were acquired by the Company and its Subsidiaries within 12 months prior to the date of such Asset Sale; provided that, within 30 days following the date of their acquisition by the Company and its Subsidiaries, the Company provided to the Agents a written notice which (a) clearly identified such assets, (b) set forth the Company's good faith estimate of the fair market value thereof and (c) designated such assets as being non-core assets held for disposition. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, the Net Cash Proceeds received by the Company and its Subsidiaries on account of the sale of the Company's Italian plastics Subsidiary in an aggregate amount not to exceed $15,000,000 shall be deemed to constitute Designated Disposition Proceeds.

"Designated Equity Amounts": at any date, the amount equal to the sum of (i) the aggregate amount of Net Cash Proceeds received by the Company and its Subsidiaries from the issuance of Capital Stock and (ii) the value of any shares of common stock of the Company directly issued to the sellers as part of the consideration for any Permitted Acquisition (valued at fair market value (as determined in good faith by the Board of Directors of the Company)), in each case, which (a) have been designated in writing by the Company to the Administrative Agent as "Designated Equity Amounts" and (b) are utilized by the Company and its Subsidiaries within 45 days after such receipt to finance Permitted Acquisitions pursuant to Section 8.8(h).

"Designated Maximum": with respect to any Borrowing Subsidiary, the amount set forth opposite such Borrowing Subsidiary's name on Schedule 1.1B hereto.

"DM Agreement": the Fiscal and Paying Agent Agreement, dated as of April 23, 1997, between EHE, the Company, The Bank of New York, as U.S. fiscal and paying agent and Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft, as DM fiscal and paying agent, pursuant to which the DM Notes were issued, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof and thereof.

"DM Notes": the 9.125% Senior Notes due 2004 of EHE, issued pursuant

to the DM Agreement.

"Disposition": with respect to any Property, any sale, lease, sale and leaseback, assignment, conveyance, transfer or other disposition thereof; and the terms "Dispose" and "Disposed of" shall have correlative meanings.

"Dollar Equivalent": with respect to any amount at any date of determination thereof, the sum of (x) for any such amount denominated in Dollars, such amount and

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(y) for any such amount denominated in any currency other than Dollars, an amount in Dollars equivalent to such principal amount or such other amount calculated on the basis of the Spot Rate of Exchange on such date of determination.

"Dollars" and "$": dollars in lawful currency of the United States of

America.

"Domestic Obligations": the unpaid principal of and interest on (including, without limitation, interest accruing after the maturity of the Loans made to the Company and Reimbursement Obligations of the Company and interest accruing after the filing of any petition in bankruptcy, or the commencement of any insolvency, reorganization or like proceeding, relating to the Company, whether or not a claim for post-filing or post-petition interest is allowed in such proceeding) the Loans made to the Company and all other obligations and liabilities of the Company to the Administrative Agent or to any Lender (or, in the case of Interest Rate Protection Agreements, any affiliate of any Lender), whether direct or indirect, absolute or contingent, due or to become due, or now existing or hereafter incurred, which may arise under, out of, or in connection with, this Agreement, any other Loan Document, the Letters of Credit, any Interest Rate Protection Agreement entered into with any Lender or any affiliate of any Lender, any foreign currency hedge agreement or swap entered into with any Lender or any affiliate of any Lender, or any other document made, delivered or given in connection herewith or therewith, whether on account of principal, interest, reimbursement obligations, fees, indemnities, costs, expenses (including, without limitation, all fees, charges and disbursements of counsel to the Administrative Agent or to any Lender that are required to be paid by the Company pursuant hereto) or otherwise.

"Domestic Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement": the Domestic Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement, substantially in the form of Exhibit D.

"Domestic Receivables Facility": the collective reference to (i) the Receivables Purchase Agreement, dated as of February 17, 1994, between the Company, as seller, and Three Rivers Funding Corporation, as buyer, as such Receivables Purchase Agreement is in effect on the Closing Date, but giving effect to (x) extensions of the termination date thereunder, (y) increases in the committed amount thereof after the Closing Date, but only if the respective increases are approved in writing by the Required Lenders, and
(z) other changes thereto approved by the Agents and (ii) any additional or substitute or replacement receivables facility so long as such facility and all documentation therefor, and the committed amount thereof, is approved in writing by the Required Lenders.

"Domestic Receivables Facility Attributed Indebtedness": the aggregate amount theretofore paid to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in respect of the receivables sold by it pursuant to the Domestic Receivables Facility, in each case to the extent the respective receivables have not yet been repaid by the respective account debtor or repurchased by the Company (it being the intent of the parties that the amount of Domestic Receivables Facility Attributed Indebtedness at any time outstanding approximate as closely as possible the principal amount of Indebtedness which would be outstanding at such time under the Domestic Receivables Facility if

11

same were structured as a secured lending agreement rather than a purchase agreement).

"Domestic Receivables Facility Commitment": the aggregate commitments to purchase receivables pursuant to the Domestic Receivables Facility as in effect from time to time.

"Domestic Receivables Financier": Three Rivers Funding Corporation or any other purchaser pursuant to the Domestic Receivables Facility as then in effect.

"Domestic Receivables Maximum Commitment Amount": initially, $75,000,000; provided that such amount may be increased from time to time after the Closing Date to a maximum of $90,000,000 as the Domestic Receivables Facility Commitment pursuant to the Domestic Receivables Facility (or the various facilities comprising the Domestic Receivables Facility) is increased.

"Domestic Subsidiary": any Subsidiary of the Company organized under the laws of any jurisdiction within the United States of America.

"Domestic Subsidiary Guarantor": each Domestic Subsidiary and each Foreign Subsidiary which has guaranteed all or any portion of the Domestic Obligations.

"ECF Percentage": 75%; provided, that, with respect to each fiscal year of the Company ending on or after March 31, 2000, the ECF Percentage shall be reduced to 50% if the aggregate principal amount of the Term Loans outstanding as of the last day of such fiscal year is less than $200,000,000.

"EHE": Exide Holding Europe S.A., a corporation organized under the

laws of the Republic of France.

"Eligible Prepayment Debt": Indebtedness of the type described in clause (c) of the definition of such term which is not expressly subordinated by its terms to the Obligations.

"Environmental Insurance Recoveries": any recoveries (whether consisting of payments of claims or amounts received pursuant to, or in settlement of, litigation) from insurance carriers representing amounts asserted as owing to the Company or its Subsidiaries under insurance policies in respect of environmental claims or liabilities.

"Environmental Laws": any and all foreign, Federal, state, local or municipal laws, rules, orders, regulations, statutes, ordinances, codes, decrees, requirements of any Governmental Authority or other Requirements of Law (including common law) regulating, relating to or imposing liability or standards of conduct concerning protection of human health or the environment, as now or may at any time hereafter be in effect.

"ERISA": the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended from time to time.

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"Eurocurrency Base Rate": with respect to each day during each Interest Period pertaining to a Eurocurrency Loan, the rate per annum determined by the Administrative Agent at approximately 11:00 A.M., London time, on the date which is two Business Days prior to the beginning of such Interest Period (or, with respect to Loans or Letters of Credit in Pounds, on the first Business Day of such Interest Period) by reference to the "British Bankers' Association Interest Settlement Rates" for deposits in the currency of such Loan (as set forth by any service selected by the Administrative Agent which has been nominated by the British Bankers' Association as an authorized information vendor for the purpose of displaying such rates) for a period equal to such Interest Period (rounded, if necessary, upward to the nearest whole multiple of 1/16th of 1%) plus, in the case of any such Eurocurrency Loan denominated in Pounds, the MLA Cost. In the event that such rate is not ascertainable pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this definition, the Eurocurrency Base Rate shall be determined by reference to the rate at which the Administrative Agent is offered deposits in the currency of such Loan at or about 11:00 A.M., London time, two Business Days prior to the beginning of such Interest Period (or, with respect to Loans or Letters of Credit in Pounds, on the first Business Day of such Interest Period) in the interbank eurocurrency market where its eurocurrency and foreign currency and exchange operations are then being conducted for delivery on the first day of such Interest Period for the number of days comprised therein.

"Eurocurrency Loans": Loans the rate of interest applicable to which is based upon the Eurocurrency Rate.

"Eurocurrency Rate": with respect to each day during each Interest Period pertaining to a Eurocurrency Loan, a rate per annum determined for such day in accordance with the following formula (rounded upward to the nearest 1/100th of 1%):

Eurocurrency Base Rate

1.00 - Eurocurrency Reserve Requirements

"Eurocurrency Reserve Requirements": for any day as applied to a Eurocurrency Loan, the aggregate (without duplication) of the maximum rates (expressed as a decimal fraction) of reserve requirements in effect on such day (including, without limitation, basic, supplemental, marginal and emergency reserves under any regulations of the Board or other Governmental Authority having jurisdiction with respect thereto) dealing with reserve requirements prescribed for eurocurrency funding (currently referred to as "Eurocurrency Liabilities" in Regulation D of the Board) maintained by a member bank of the Federal Reserve System.

"Eurocurrency Tranche": the collective reference to Eurocurrency Loans the then current Interest Periods with respect to all of which begin on the same date and end on the same later date (whether or not such Loans shall originally have been made on the same day).

"European Receivables Facility": the receivables purchase or refinancing agreements among EHE and/or its Subsidiaries and one or more European Receivables Financiers; provided, that no recourse shall be provided to the Company

13

or any of its Subsidiaries (other than the European Receivables Subsidiaries) pursuant to the European Receivables Facility or any documentation related thereto (and no representations, warranties, undertakings or assurances shall be provided by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (other than the European Receivables Subsidiaries) in connection therewith.

"European Receivables Facility Attributed Indebtedness": at any time, the amount equal to (a) the aggregate amount theretofore paid to EHE and/or its Subsidiaries in respect of the receivables sold by any of them pursuant to the European Receivables Facility, in each case to the extent the respective receivables have not yet been repaid by the respective account debtor or repurchased by EHE and/or its Subsidiaries minus (b) any cash and Cash Equivalents then held as collateral security by the European Receivables Financier on account of amounts owing to the European Receivables Financier under the European Receivables Facility (it being the intent of the parties that the amount of European Receivables Facility Attributed Indebtedness at any time outstanding approximate as closely as possible, after reduction for such cash and Cash Equivalent collateral, the principal amount of indebtedness which would be outstanding at such time under the European Receivables Facility if same were structured as a secured lending agreement).

"European Receivables Financier": at any time shall mean any purchaser, lender or provider of credit (excluding EHE and its Subsidiaries) pursuant to the European Receivables Facility as then in effect.

"European Receivables Maximum Commitment Amount": $175,000,000.

"European Receivables Subsidiaries": shall mean two Wholly-Owned Subsidiaries of EHE which engage in no activities other than in connection with the financing of accounts receivable and which are designated (as provided below) as European Receivables Subsidiaries (a) no portion of the Indebtedness or any other obligations (contingent or otherwise) of which
(i) is guaranteed by the Company or any other Subsidiary of the Company (excluding guarantees of obligations (other than the principal of, and interest on, Indebtedness)) pursuant to Standard Securitization Undertakings, (ii) is recourse to or obligates the Company or any other Subsidiary of the Company in any way (other than pursuant to Standard Securitization Undertakings) or (iii) subjects any property or asset of the Company or any other Subsidiary of the Company, directly or indirectly, contingently or otherwise, to the satisfaction thereof (other than pursuant to Standard Securitization Undertakings), (b) with which neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has any contract, agreement, arrangement or understanding (other than pursuant to the European Receivables Facility (including with respect to fees payable in the ordinary course of business in connection with the servicing of accounts receivable and related assets)) on terms less favorable to the Company or such Subsidiary than those that might be obtained at the time from Persons that are not Affiliates of the Company, and (c) to which neither the Company nor any other Subsidiary of the Company has any obligation to maintain or preserve either such entity's financial condition or cause such entity to achieve certain levels of operating results. Any such designation shall be evidenced by filing with the Administrative Agent an officer's certificate of the

14

Company certifying that, to the best of such officer's knowledge and belief after consultation with counsel, such designation complies with the foregoing conditions.

"Event of Default": any of the events specified in Section 9, provided that any requirement for the giving of notice, the lapse of time, or both, has been satisfied.

"Excess Cash Flow": for any fiscal year of the Company, the excess, if any, of (a) the sum, without duplication, of (i) Consolidated Net Income for such fiscal year, (ii) an amount equal to the amount of all non-cash charges (including depreciation and amortization) deducted in arriving at such Consolidated Net Income, (iii) decreases in Consolidated Working Capital for such fiscal year, (iv) an amount equal to the aggregate net non-cash loss on the Disposition of Property by the Company and its Subsidiaries during such fiscal year (other than sales of inventory in the ordinary course of business), to the extent deducted in arriving at such Consolidated Net Income and (v) the net increase during such fiscal year (if any) in deferred tax accounts of the Company over (b) the sum, without

duplication, of (i) an amount equal to the amount of all non-cash credits included in arriving at such Consolidated Net Income, (ii) the aggregate amount actually paid by the Company and its Subsidiaries in cash during such fiscal year on account of Capital Expenditures (excluding the principal amount of Indebtedness incurred in connection with such expenditures and any such expenditures financed with the proceeds of any Reinvestment Deferred Amount), (iii) the aggregate amount of all prepayments of Revolving Credit Loans and Swing Line Loans during such fiscal year to the extent accompanying permanent optional reductions of the Revolving Credit Commitments, other than as a result of the commitment reductions set forth in Section 3.5, (iv) all optional prepayments of the Term Loans during such fiscal year, other than as a result of the mandatory prepayments set forth in Section 3.5, (iv) the aggregate amount of all regularly scheduled principal payments of Funded Debt (including, without limitation, the Term Loans) of the Company and its Subsidiaries made during such fiscal year (other than in respect of any revolving credit facility to the extent there is not an equivalent permanent reduction in commitments thereunder), (v) increases in Consolidated Working Capital for such fiscal year, (vi) an amount equal to the aggregate net non-cash gain on the Disposition of Property by the Company and its Subsidiaries during such fiscal year (other than sales of inventory in the ordinary course of business), to the extent included in arriving at such Consolidated Net Income, (vii) the net decrease during such fiscal year (if any) in deferred tax accounts of the Company and (viii) any cash Restructuring Charges during such fiscal year.

"Excess Cash Flow Application Date": as defined in Section 3.5(c).

"Existing Mortgage Assignment": the Assignments of Mortgage and/or Deed of Trust, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Agents, executed by Bankers Trust Company, as agent under the Existing Domestic Credit Agreement, as assignor pursuant to which Bankers Trust Company, as agent under the Existing Domestic Credit Agreement shall assign all of its right, title and interest in, to and under each of the Existing Mortgages to the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Lenders.

15

"Existing Mortgage Amendments": the Amendments to Mortgage and/or Deed of Trust, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Agents, executed by the Loan Party party to the Existing Mortgage, pursuant to which, inter alia, each Existing Mortgage shall be amended to reflect the refinancing of the Existing Domestic Credit Agreement.

"Existing Mortgages": the mortgages and deeds of trust made by any of the Loan Parties in favor of Bankers Trust Company, as agent under the Existing Domestic Credit Agreement, pursuant to the Existing Domestic Credit Agreement, other than the mortgages and deeds of trust encumbering real property which is sold pursuant to the GE Sale-Leaseback.

"Facility": each of (a) the Tranche A Term Loan Commitments and the Tranche A Term Loans made thereunder (the "Tranche A Term Loan Facility"),
(b) the Tranche B Term Loan Commitments and the Tranche B Term Loans made thereunder (the "Tranche B Term Loan Facility") and (c) the Revolving Credit Commitments and the extensions of credit made thereunder (the "Revolving Credit Facility").

"Facility Fee Rate": 1/2 of 1% per annum; provided, that on and after the first Adjustment Date occurring after the completion of two full fiscal quarters of the Company after the Closing Date, the Facility Fee Rate will be determined pursuant to the Pricing Grid.

"Federal Funds Effective Rate"; for any day, the weighted average of the rates on overnight federal funds transactions with members of the Federal Reserve System arranged by federal funds brokers, as published on the next succeeding Business Day by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, or, if such rate is not so published for any day which is a Business Day, the average of the quotations for the day of such transactions received by the Reference Lender from three federal funds brokers of recognized standing selected by it.

"Foreign Alternate Rate Loans": Loans in any Optional Currency the rate of interest applicable to which is based upon:

(a) in the case of Swing Line Loans denominated in any Optional Currency, the rate of interest per annum maintained by the relevant Swing Line Lender as the rate of interest (in the absence of a eurocurrency rate) it charges borrowers of similar quality as the relevant Borrower of such Loans in effect at its principal office for dealings in such Optional Currency; and

(b) in the case of each Loan (other than Swing Line Loans) denominated in any Optional Currency, the rate of interest per annum which is negotiated in good faith by the Administrative Agent and the relevant Borrower from time to time and approved by the Lenders holding not less than 80% of the affected Loans.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, Loans (other than Swing Line Loans) may be made or maintained as Foreign Alternate Rate Loans only to the extent specified in Section 3.10 or 3.15.


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"Foreign Lender": any Lender which has (i) a Tranche A Term Loan Commitment or made Tranche A Term Loans, (ii) made Tranche B Term Loans to any Borrowing Subsidiary or (iii) a Revolving Credit Commitment or made Revolving Credit Loans to any Borrowing Subsidiary or purchased participating interests in Letters of Credit or Swing Line Loans issued for the account of or made to any Borrowing Subsidiary.

"Foreign Obligations": the unpaid principal of and interest on (including, without limitation, interest accruing after the maturity of the Loans made to any of the Borrowing Subsidiaries and Reimbursement Obligations of any Borrowing Subsidiary and interest accruing after the filing of any petition in bankruptcy, or the commencement of any insolvency, reorganization or like proceeding, relating to any of the Borrowing Subsidiaries, whether or not a claim for post-filing or post- petition interest is allowed in such proceeding) the Loans made to any of the Borrowing Subsidiaries and all other obligations and liabilities of any of the Borrowing Subsidiaries to the Administrative Agent or to any Lender (or, in the case of Interest Rate Protection Agreements, any affiliate of any Lender), whether direct or indirect, absolute or contingent, due or to become due, or now existing or hereafter incurred, which may arise under, out of, or in connection with, this Agreement, any other Loan Document, the Letters of Credit, any Interest Rate Protection Agreement entered into with any Lender or any affiliate of any Lender, any foreign currency hedge agreement or swap entered into with any Lender or any affiliate of any Lender, or any other document made, delivered or given in connection herewith or therewith, whether on account of principal, interest, reimbursement obligations, fees, indemnities, costs, expenses (including, without limitation, all fees, charges and disbursements of counsel to the Administrative Agent or to any Lender that are required to be paid by any of the Borrowing Subsidiaries pursuant hereto) or otherwise.

"Foreign Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement": the Foreign Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement, substantially in the form of Exhibit E.

"Foreign Subsidiary": any Subsidiary of the Company that is not a

Domestic Subsidiary.

"Foreign Subsidiary Guarantor": each Domestic Subsidiary and each Foreign Subsidiary which has guaranteed all or any portion of the Foreign Obligations.

"Franc Equivalent": with respect to any amount at any date of determination thereof, the sum of (x) for any such amount denominated in Francs, such amount and (y) for any such amount denominated in any currency other than Francs, an amount in Francs equivalent to such principal amount or such other amount calculated on the basis of the Spot Rate of Exchange on such date of determination.

"Francs" and "Ffr": francs in lawful currency of the Republic of

      ------       ---
France.

     "Funded Debt":  as to any Person, all Indebtedness of such Person that
      -----------

matures more than one year from the date of its creation or matures within one year from such date but is renewable or extendible, at the option of such Person, to a date more than one year from such date or arises under a revolving credit or similar agreement


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that obligates the lender or lenders to extend credit during a period of more than one year from such date, including, without limitation, all current maturities and current sinking fund payments in respect of such Indebtedness whether or not required to be paid within one year from the date of its creation and, in the case of the Company, Indebtedness in respect of the Loans.

"Funding Office": with respect to any currency the office specified from time to time by the Administrative Agent as its funding office for such currency by notice to the relevant Borrower and the Lenders.

"GAAP": generally accepted accounting principles in the United States

of America as in effect from time to time, except that for purposes of
Section 8.1, GAAP shall be determined on the basis of such principles in effect on the date hereof and consistent with those used in the preparation of the most recent audited financial statements delivered pursuant to
Section 5.1(b). In the event that any "Accounting Change" (as defined below) shall occur and such change results in a change in the method of calculation of financial covenants, standards or terms in this Agreement, then the Company and the Administrative Agent agree to enter into negotiations in order to amend such provisions of this Agreement so as to equitably reflect such Accounting Changes with the desired result that the criteria for evaluating the Company's financial condition shall be the same after such Accounting Changes as if such Accounting Changes had not been made. Until such time as such an amendment shall have been executed and delivered by the Company, the Administrative Agent and the Required Lenders, all financial covenants, standards and terms in this Agreement shall continue to be calculated or construed as if such Accounting Changes had not occurred. "Accounting Changes" refers to changes in accounting principles required by the promulgation of any rule, regulation, pronouncement or opinion by the Financial Accounting Standards Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants or, if applicable, the Securities and Exchange Commission (or successors thereto or agencies with similar functions).

"GE Sale-Leaseback": the sale by the Company to General Electric Capital Corporation of up to $50,000,000 of certain manufacturing and related equipment of the Company and the subsequent lease by the Company from General Electric Capital Corporation of such facility pursuant to the sale and lease documentation in connection therewith as in effect on the Closing Date (and any amendments thereto which do not adversely impact the Lenders in any material respect).

"Governmental Authority": any nation or government, any state or other political subdivision thereof and any entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, regulatory or administrative functions of or pertaining to government (including, without limitation, for purposes of
Section 3.12 only, the National Association of Insurance Commissioners).

"Guarantee Obligation": as to any Person (the "guaranteeing person"),
any obligation of (a) the guaranteeing person or (b) another Person (including, without limitation, any bank under any letter of credit) to induce the creation of which the guaranteeing person has issued a reimbursement, counterindemnity or similar obligation, in either case guaranteeing or in effect guaranteeing any Indebtedness,

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leases, dividends or other obligations (the "primary obligations") of any other third Person (the "primary obligor") in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, including, without limitation, any obligation of the guaranteeing person, whether or not contingent, (i) to purchase any such primary obligation or any Property constituting direct or indirect security therefor, (ii) to advance or supply funds (1) for the purchase or payment of any such primary obligation or (2) to maintain working capital or equity capital of the primary obligor or otherwise to maintain the net worth or solvency of the primary obligor, (iii) to purchase Property, securities or services primarily for the purpose of assuring the owner of any such primary obligation of the ability of the primary obligor to make payment of such primary obligation or (iv) otherwise to assure or hold harmless the owner of any such primary obligation against loss in respect thereof; provided, however, that the term Guarantee Obligation shall not include endorsements of instruments for deposit or collection in the ordinary course of business. The amount of any Guarantee Obligation of any guaranteeing person shall be deemed to be the lower of (a) an amount equal to the stated or determinable amount of the primary obligation in respect of which such Guarantee Obligation is made and (b) the maximum amount for which such guaranteeing person may be liable pursuant to the terms of the instrument embodying such Guarantee Obligation, unless such primary obligation and the maximum amount for which such guaranteeing person may be liable are not stated or determinable, in which case the amount of such Guarantee Obligation shall be such guaranteeing person's maximum reasonably anticipated liability in respect thereof as determined by the Company in good faith.

"Guaranteed Party": any of the Company or any Borrowing Subsidiary, in its capacity as the party whose obligations under this Agreement and under the other Loan Documents are guaranteed as provided in Section 10.

"Guarantor" or "Guarantors": the individual or collective reference to the Company (in its capacity as guarantor of the Foreign Obligations) and the Subsidiary Guarantors.

"Indebtedness": of any Person at any date, without duplication, (a) all indebtedness of such Person for borrowed money, (b) all obligations of such Person for the deferred purchase price of Property or services (other than current trade payables incurred in the ordinary course of such Person's business), (c) all obligations of such Person evidenced by notes, bonds, debentures or other similar instruments, (d) all indebtedness created or arising under any conditional sale or other title retention agreement with respect to Property acquired by such Person (even though the rights and remedies of the seller or lender under such agreement in the event of default are limited to repossession or sale of such Property), (e) all Capital Lease Obligations of such Person, (f) all obligations of such Person, contingent or otherwise, as an account party under acceptance, letter of credit or similar facilities, (g) all obligations of such Person, contingent or otherwise, to purchase, redeem, retire or otherwise acquire for value any Capital Stock (other than common stock) of such Person, (h) all Guarantee Obligations of such Person in respect of obligations of the kind referred to in clauses (a) through (g) above; (i) all obligations of the kind referred to in clauses (a) through (h) above secured by (or for which the holder of such obligation has an existing right, contingent or otherwise, to be secured by) any Lien

19

on Property (including, without limitation, accounts and contract rights) owned by such Person, whether or not such Person has assumed or become liable for the payment of such obligation, (j) for the purposes of Section 9(e) only, all obligations of such Person in respect of Interest Rate Protection Agreements and foreign currency hedges and swaps and (k) the liquidation value of any mandatorily redeemable preferred Capital Stock of such Person or its Subsidiaries held by any Person other than such Person and its Wholly Owned Subsidiaries.

"Insolvency": with respect to any Multiemployer Plan, the condition that such Plan is insolvent within the meaning of Section 4245 of ERISA.

"Insolvent": pertaining to a condition of Insolvency.

"Intellectual Property": the collective reference to all rights, priorities and privileges relating to intellectual property, whether arising under United States, multinational or foreign laws or otherwise, including, without limitation, copyrights, copyright licenses, patents, patent licenses, trademarks, trademark licenses, technology, know-how and processes, and all rights to sue at law or in equity for any infringement or other impairment thereof, including the right to receive all proceeds and damages therefrom.

"Interest Payment Date": (a) as to any Base Rate Loan, the third Business Day of each January, April, July and October (commencing with April 3, 1998) for the period ending on (and including) the last day of the immediately preceding December, March, June or September, respectively, and the final maturity date of such Loan, (b) as to any Eurocurrency Loan having an Interest Period of three months or less, the last day of such Interest Period, (c) as to any Eurocurrency Loan having an Interest Period longer than three months, each day which is three months, or a whole multiple thereof, after the first day of such Interest Period and the last day of such Interest Period, (d) as to any Foreign Alternate Rate Loan, the date or dates determined in good faith by the Administrative Agent (and notified to the Company) as being customary in the relevant jurisdiction for the payment of interest on borrowings utilizing such interest rate basis and (e) as to any Loan (other than any Revolving Credit Loan that is a Base Rate Loan and any Swing Line Loan), the date of any repayment or prepayment made in respect thereof.

"Interest Period": as to any Eurocurrency Loan, (a) initially, the period commencing on the borrowing or conversion date, as the case may be, with respect to such Eurocurrency Loan and ending one, two, three or six months thereafter, as selected by the relevant Borrower in its notice of borrowing or notice of conversion, as the case may be, given with respect thereto; and (b) thereafter, each period commencing on the last day of the next preceding Interest Period applicable to such Eurocurrency Loan and ending one, two, three or six months thereafter, as selected by the relevant Borrower by irrevocable notice to the Administrative Agent not less than three Business Days prior to the last day of the then current Interest Period with respect thereto; provided that, all of the foregoing provisions relating to Interest Periods are subject to the following:

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(i) if any Interest Period would otherwise end on a day that is not a Business Day, such Interest Period shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day unless the result of such extension would be to carry such Interest Period into another calendar month in which event such Interest Period shall end on the immediately preceding Business Day;

(ii) any Interest Period that would otherwise extend beyond the Scheduled Revolving Credit Termination Date or beyond the date final payment is due on the Tranche A Term Loans or the Tranche B Term Loans, as the case may be, shall end on the Revolving Credit Termination Date or such due date, as applicable;

(iii) any Interest Period that begins on the last Business Day of a calendar month (or on a day for which there is no numerically corresponding day in the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period) shall end on the last Business Day of the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period; and

(iv) each Borrower shall select Interest Periods so as not to require a payment or prepayment of any Eurocurrency Loan during an Interest Period for such Loan.

"Interest Rate Protection Agreement": any interest rate protection agreement, interest rate futures contract, interest rate option, interest rate cap or other interest rate hedge arrangement, to or under which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or a beneficiary on the date hereof or becomes a party or a beneficiary after the date hereof.

"Issuing Lender": the collective reference to (a) Credit Suisse First Boston and (b) any other Revolving Credit Lender (together with any of its Affiliates) selected by the Company with the approval of the Administrative Agent (and with the consent of such proposed Issuing Lender), in each case in its capacity as issuer of any Letter of Credit; provided that, with respect to each letter of credit which is listed on Schedule 1.1F and which is a "Letter of Credit" hereunder pursuant to the provisions of Section 4.9, the Issuing Lender shall be the Lender who is the issuer thereof.

"L/C Commitment": at any date, the amount equal to (a) $20,000,000 plus (b) so long as any Letter of Credit described on Schedule 1.1F (or any replacement thereof) remains outstanding, the amount set forth on said Schedule 1.1F with respect thereto.

"L/C Fee Payment Date": the third Business Day of each January, April, July and October (commencing with April 3, 1998) for the period ending on (and including) the last day of the immediately preceding December, March, June or September, respectively, and the last Business Day of the Revolving Credit Commitment Period.

"L/C Obligations": at any time, an amount equal to the sum of (a) the aggregate then undrawn and unexpired amount of the then outstanding Letters

of


21

Credit and (b) the aggregate amount of drawings under Letters of Credit which have not then been reimbursed pursuant to Section 4.4.

"L/C Participants": the collective reference to all the Revolving

Credit Lenders other than the Issuing Lender.

"Letters of Credit": as defined in Section 4.1(a).

"Lien": any mortgage, pledge, hypothecation, assignment, deposit

arrangement, encumbrance, lien (statutory or other), charge or other security interest or any preference, priority or other security agreement or preferential arrangement of any kind or nature whatsoever (including, without limitation, any conditional sale or other title retention agreement and any capital lease having substantially the same economic effect as any of the foregoing).

"Lira" and "Lit": lira in lawful currency of Italy.

"Loan": any loan made by any Lender pursuant to this Agreement.

"Loan Documents": this Agreement, the Security Documents and the

Notes.

"Loan Parties": the Company, the Borrowing Subsidiaries and each

other Subsidiary of the Company which is a party to a Loan Document.

"Majority Facility Lenders": with respect to any Facility, the holders of more than 50% of the aggregate unpaid principal amount of the Term Loans (and, in the case of the Tranche B Term Loan Facility, the undrawn portion thereof) or the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit, as the case may be, outstanding under such Facility (or, in the case of the Revolving Credit Facility prior to any termination of the Revolving Credit Commitments, the holders of more than 50% of the Total Revolving Credit Commitments).

"Majority Foreign Lenders": with respect to any Optional Currency, the holders of more than 50% of the sum of (i) aggregate unpaid principal amount of the Tranche A Term Loans made in such Optional Currency and (b) the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit in such Optional Currency.

"Majority Revolving Credit Facility Lenders": the Majority Facility Lenders in respect of the Revolving Credit Facility.

"Majority Subsidiary": a Subsidiary of a Wholly Owned Subsidiary of the Company that has been capitalized with an investment permitted under
Section 8.8(i).

"Marks" and "DM": deutsche marks in lawful currency of Germany.

"Material Adverse Effect": a material adverse effect on (a) the business, assets, property, condition (financial or otherwise) or prospects of the Company and its Subsidiaries taken as a whole or (b) the validity or enforceability of this Agreement or

22

any of the other Loan Documents or the rights or remedies of the Agents or the Lenders hereunder or thereunder.

"Material Environmental Amount": an amount payable by the Company and/or its Subsidiaries on account of remedial costs, compliance costs (other than amounts expended in the ordinary course of business and consistent with past practice in order to avoid creating new liability under Environmental Laws), compensatory damages, punitive damages, fines, penalties or any combination thereof relating to environmental matters which, in the aggregate with all other such payments made during any period of 12 consecutive calendar months, is in excess of $5,000,000 (without regard to amounts as to which reserves in conformity with GAAP have been provided on the books of the Company or its Subsidiaries, as the case may be, and which are disclosed in the Company's March 31, 1997 annual audited financial statements provided to the Lenders).

"Material Subsidiary": any Subsidiary of the Company which has assets with a book value in excess of $250,000.

"Materials of Environmental Concern": any gasoline or petroleum (including crude oil or any fraction thereof) or petroleum products or any hazardous or toxic substances, materials or wastes, defined or regulated as such in or under any Environmental Law, including, without limitation, asbestos, polychlorinated biphenyls, urea-formaldehyde insulation and lead.

"MLA Cost" means, with respect to any Lender, the cost imputed to such Lender of compliance with the Mandatory Liquid Assets requirements of the Bank of England during the relevant Interest Period, determined in accordance with Annex B.

"Mortgaged Properties": the real properties listed on Schedule 1.1D, as to which the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Lenders shall be granted a Lien pursuant to the Mortgages.

"Mortgages": each of the Existing Mortgages, as assigned pursuant to the relevant Existing Mortgage Assignment and as amended by the relevant Existing Mortgage Amendment, and as each of the same may be further amended, supplemented, restated, replaced or otherwise modified from time to time.

"Multiemployer Plan": a Plan which is a multiemployer plan as defined

in Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA.

"Net Cash Proceeds": (a) in connection with any Asset Sale or any Recovery Event, the proceeds thereof in the form of cash and Cash Equivalents (including any such proceeds received by way of deferred payment of principal pursuant to a note or installment receivable or purchase price adjustment receivable or otherwise, but only as and when received) of such Asset Sale or Recovery Event, net of attorneys' fees, accountants' fees, investment banking fees, reasonable amounts consistent with past business practices of the Company and its Subsidiaries which are required to prepare for sale the asset which is the subject of such Asset Sale, amounts required to be applied to the repayment of Indebtedness secured by a Lien expressly permitted

23

hereunder on any asset which is the subject of such Asset Sale or Recovery Event (other than any Lien pursuant to a Security Document) and other customary fees and expenses actually incurred in connection therewith and net of taxes paid or reasonably estimated to be payable as a result thereof (after taking into account any available tax credits or deductions and any tax sharing arrangements) and (b) in connection with any issuance or sale of equity securities or debt securities or instruments or the incurrence of loans, the cash proceeds received from such issuance or incurrence, net of attorneys' fees, investment banking fees, accountants' fees, underwriting discounts and commissions and other customary fees and expenses actually incurred in connection therewith.

"Non-Excluded Taxes": as defined in Section 3.13(a).

"Non-U.S. Lender": as defined in Section 3.13(d).

"Notes": the collective reference to any promissory note evidencing

Loans.

"Obligations": the collective reference to the Domestic Obligations

and the Foreign Obligations.

"Optional Currencies": Marks, Pounds, Francs and, with respect to Swing Line Loans and Letters of Credit only, Pesetas, and, with respect to Letters of Credit only, Lira and any other foreign currency which is acceptable to the Issuing Lender in its sole discretion.

"Other Taxes": any and all present or future stamp or documentary taxes or any other excise or property taxes, charges or similar levies arising from any payment made hereunder or from the execution, delivery or enforcement of, or otherwise with respect to, this Agreement.

"Participant": as defined in Section 12.6(b).

"Payment Office": with respect to any currency the office specified from time to time by the Administrative Agent as its payment office for such currency by notice to the relevant Borrower and the Lenders.

"PBGC": the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation established pursuant

to Subtitle A of Title IV of ERISA (or any successor).

"Permitted Acquisition": the acquisition by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries of (a) all or substantially all of the assets of any Person or any product line or division thereof or (b) all of the Capital Stock (other than directors' qualifying shares) of any Person (whether by purchase or merger); provided, that any such acquisition shall be a Permitted Acquisition only if the assets acquired will be used solely in, or the business of the Person whose stock is acquired consists solely of, any or all of the same business lines to the extent permitted by Section 8.15. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any acquisition described on Schedule 1.1E shall be deemed to constitute a Permitted Acquisition for purposes of this definition.

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"Permitted Acquisition Maximum Amount": at any time during any fiscal year of the Company, an amount equal to the difference (but not less than zero) between:

(i) the sum of (x) $80,000,000 and (y) the Available ECF Amount; and

(ii) the sum of (x) the aggregate Purchase Prices of all Permitted Acquisitions consummated since the Closing Date and (y) the aggregate principal amount of Eligible Prepayment Debt which has been prepaid, repurchased or redeemed during such fiscal year.

"Permitted Acquisition Notice": with respect to any Permitted Acquisition, a written notice from the Company to the Agents and the Lenders setting forth (in reasonable detail) (i) the date upon which such Permitted Acquisition is scheduled to be consummated (it being understood that any delay in such date shall not, in itself, render such notice invalid), (ii) the estimated Purchase Price for such Permitted Acquisition and the nature of the consideration to be paid, (iii) a description of the stock and/or assets to be acquired in connection with such Permitted Acquisition, (iv) the sources of cash to be utilized by the Company and its Subsidiaries to finance such Permitted Acquisition and (v) in the case of Designated Equity Amounts in the form of common stock of the Company issued as consideration to the seller in connection with a Permitted Acquisition, a description of the common stock to be issued in connection with the consummation of such Permitted Acquisition and the estimated fair market value thereof.

"Permitted Joint Venture": the acquisition by the Company (by merger, purchase or otherwise) not constituting a Permitted Acquisition of shares of the capital stock of or other equity interests in a Person or an interest in a product line or division of a Person, pursuant to negotiated joint venture or similar agreements with one or more other third-party Persons that own or will own the remaining shares of the capital stock or other equity interests in such Person or in such product line or division; provided, that any such acquisition shall be a Permitted Joint Venture only if the assets acquired will be used solely in, or the business of the Person whose stock is acquired consists solely of, any or all of the same business lines to the extent permitted by Section 8.15.

"Person": an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, business trust, joint stock company, trust, unincorporated association, joint venture, Governmental Authority or other entity of whatever nature.

"Pesetas": pesetas in lawful currency of the Republic of Spain.

"Plan": at a particular time, any employee benefit plan which is

covered by ERISA and in respect of which the Company or a Commonly Controlled Entity is (or, if such plan were terminated at such time, would under Section 4069 of ERISA be deemed to be) an "employer" as defined in
Section 3(5) of ERISA.

"Pledge Agreements": each of the pledge agreements which are executed by a Foreign Subsidiary with respect to Capital Stock it owns of another Subsidiary or

25

intercompany loans or receivables owing to it by another Subsidiary, whether on or after the Closing Date (including, without limitation, pursuant to Section 7.10).

"Pledged Stock": shall have the meaning assigned to such term (or any analogous term) in the Pledge Agreements.

"Pounds" and "(Pounds)": pounds sterling in lawful currency of the

United Kingdom.

"Pricing Grid": the pricing grid attached hereto as Annex A.

"Pro Forma Balance Sheet": as defined in Section 5.1(a).

"Projections": as defined in Section 7.2(c).

"Properties": as defined in Section 5.17.

"Property": any right or interest in or to property of any kind whatsoever, whether real, personal or mixed and whether tangible or intangible, including, without limitation, Capital Stock.

"Purchase Price": with respect to any Permitted Acquisition, the sum (without duplication) of (a) the amount of cash paid by the Company and its Subsidiaries in connection with such Permitted Acquisition, (b) Designated Equity Amounts in connection with such Permitted Acquisition, (c) the principal amount (or, if less, the accreted value) at the time of such Permitted Acquisition of all Acquired Indebtedness in connection with such Permitted Acquisition and (d) the aggregate fair market value of all other consideration (including any contingent obligations and affiliated contracts) given by the Borrower and its Subsidiaries in connection with such Permitted Acquisition.

"Recovery Event": any settlement of or payment in respect of any property or casualty insurance claim or any condemnation proceeding relating to any asset of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

"Reference Lender": the Administrative Agent.

"Refunded Swing Line Loans": as defined in Section 2.7(b).

"Refunding Date": as defined in Section 2.7(c).

"Register": as defined in Section 12.6(d).

"Regulation G": Regulation G of the Board as in effect from time to time.

"Regulation U": Regulation U of the Board as in effect from time to time.

"Reimbursement Obligation": the obligation of the relevant Borrower to reimburse the relevant Issuing Lender pursuant to Section 4.4 for amounts drawn under Letters of Credit.

26

"Reinvestment Deferred Amount": with respect to any Reinvestment Event, the aggregate Net Cash Proceeds received by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in connection therewith which are not applied to prepay the Term Loans or reduce the Revolving Credit Commitments pursuant to
Section 3.5(b) as a result of the delivery of a Reinvestment Notice.

"Reinvestment Event": any Asset Sale or Recovery Event in respect of which the Company has delivered a Reinvestment Notice.

"Reinvestment Notice": a written notice executed by a Responsible Officer stating that no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing and that the Company (directly or indirectly through a Subsidiary) intends and expects to use all or a specified portion of the Net Cash Proceeds of an Asset Sale or Recovery Event to acquire assets useful in its business;

provided that no such Reinvestment Notice shall be required to be delivered with respect to Asset Sales or Recovery Events, the Net Cash Proceeds with respect to which do not exceed $5,000,000 (it being understood that this shall not affect the obligation of the Company and its Subsidiaries to apply the Net Cash Proceeds of such Asset Sale or Recovery Sale to the prepayment of the Term Loans and the reduction of the Revolving Credit Commitments pursuant to Section 3.5(b)).

"Reinvestment Prepayment Amount": with respect to any Reinvestment Event, the Reinvestment Deferred Amount relating thereto less any amount expended prior to the relevant Reinvestment Prepayment Date to acquire assets useful in the Company's business.

"Reinvestment Prepayment Date": with respect to any Reinvestment Event, the earlier of (a) the date occurring one year after such Reinvestment Event and (b) the date on which the Company shall have determined not to, or shall have otherwise ceased to, acquire assets useful in the Company's business with all or any portion of the relevant Reinvestment Deferred Amount.

"Related Guaranteed Obligations": with respect to any Guarantor, the obligations of each Guaranteed Party which such Guarantor is guaranteeing pursuant to Section 10.

"Related Guaranteed Party": with respect to any Guarantor, the Guaranteed Party whose obligations it is guaranteeing pursuant to Section 10.

"Reorganization": with respect to any Multiemployer Plan, the condition that such plan is in reorganization within the meaning of Section 4241 of ERISA.

"Reportable Event": any of the events set forth in Section 4043(b) of ERISA, other than those events as to which the thirty day notice period is waived under subsection .13, .14, .16, .18, .19 or .20 of PBGC Reg. (S) 2615.

"Required Foreign Lenders": the holders of more than 50% of (a) until the Closing Date, the sum of the Tranche A Term Loan Commitments and the Revolving Credit Commitments and (b) thereafter, the sum of the Dollar Equivalent of (i) the

27

aggregate unpaid principal amount of the Tranche A Term Loans, (ii) the aggregate unpaid principal amount of the Tranche B Term Loans (and, in the case of the Tranche B Term Loan Facility, the undrawn portion thereof) made to any Borrowing Subsidiary and (iii) the Total Revolving Credit Commitments or, if the Revolving Credit Commitments have been terminated, the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit in respect of any Borrowing Subsidiary.

"Required Lenders": the holders of more than 50% of (a) until the Closing Date, the Commitments and (b) thereafter, the sum of the Dollar Equivalent of (i) the aggregate unpaid principal amount of the Term Loans (and, in the case of the Tranche B Term Loan Facility, the undrawn portion thereof) and (ii) the Total Revolving Credit Commitments or, if the Revolving Credit Commitments have been terminated, the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit.

"Required Prepayment Lenders": the Majority Facility Lenders in respect of each Facility.

"Requirement of Law": as to any Person, the Certificate of Incorporation and By-Laws or other organizational or governing documents of such Person, and any law, treaty, rule or regulation or determination of an arbitrator or a court or other Governmental Authority, in each case applicable to or binding upon such Person or any of its Property or to which such Person or any of its Property is subject.

"Responsible Officer": the chief executive officer, president or chief financial officer of the Company, but in any event, with respect to financial matters, the chief financial officer of the Company.

"Restructuring Charges": the aggregate amount of any cash expenditures made by the Borrower and its Subsidiaries which constitute a utilization by the Borrower and its Subsidiaries of reserves maintained for severance, plant closings and similar restructuring charges.

"Revolving Credit Commitment": as to any Revolving Credit Lender, the obligation of such Lender, if any, to make Revolving Credit Loans and participate in Swing Line Loans and Letters of Credit, the Dollar Equivalent of which shall be in an aggregate principal and/or face amount not to exceed the amount set forth under the heading "Revolving Credit Commitment" opposite such Lender's name on Schedule 1.1A, as the same may be changed from time to time pursuant to the terms hereof. The original amount of the Total Revolving Credit Commitments is $250,000,000, of which not more than $100,000,000 in the aggregate may be borrowed by the Company.

"Revolving Credit Commitment Period": the period from and including the date hereof to but not including the Termination Date or such earlier date on which the Revolving Credit Commitments shall terminate as provided herein.

"Revolving Credit Lender": each Lender which has a Revolving Credit

Commitment or which has made Revolving Credit Loans.

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"Revolving Credit Loans": as defined in Section 2.4.

"Revolving Credit Percentage": as to any Revolving Credit Lender at any time, the percentage which such Lender's Revolving Credit Commitment then constitutes of the Total Revolving Credit Commitments (or, at any time after the Revolving Credit Commitments shall have expired or terminated, the percentage which the Dollar Equivalent of the aggregate principal amount of such Lender's Revolving Extensions of Credit then outstanding constitutes of the Dollar Equivalent of the aggregate principal amount of the Revolving Extensions of Credit then outstanding).

"Revolving Credit Termination Date": the earlier of (a) the Scheduled Revolving Credit Termination Date and (b) the date on which the Tranche A Term Loans shall be paid in full.

"Revolving Extensions of Credit": as to any Revolving Credit Lender at any time, an amount equal to the sum of (a) the aggregate principal amount of all Revolving Credit Loans made by such Lender then outstanding,
(b) such Lender's Revolving Credit Percentage of the L/C Obligations then outstanding and (c) such Lender's Revolving Credit Percentage of the sum of all Swing Line Maximums then in effect.

"Scheduled Revolving Credit Termination Date": December 18, 2003.

"Schumacher Acquisition": the acquisition by the Company of an Illinois incorporated battery charger company for an aggregate Purchase Price of approximately $35,000,000.

"Security Documents": the collective reference to the Collateral Agreement, the Pledge Agreements, the Mortgages, the UK Mortgages, the Collateral Agency and Intercreditor Agreement, and all other security documents hereafter delivered to the Administrative Agent granting a Lien on any Property of any Person to secure the obligations and liabilities of any Loan Party under any Loan Document.

"Senior 10% Note Indenture": the Indenture, dated as of April 28, 1995, between the Company and The Bank of New York, as trustee, pursuant to which the Senior 10% Notes were issued, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof and thereof.

"Senior 10% Notes": the 10% Senior Notes due 2004 of the Company, issued pursuant to the Senior 10% Note Indenture.

"Senior 10-3/4% Notes": the 10-3/4% Senior Notes due December 15,

2002 of the Company.

"Single Employer Plan": any Plan which is covered by Title IV of

ERISA, but which is not a Multiemployer Plan.

"Solvent": when used with respect to any Person, means that, as of any date of determination, (a) the amount of the "present fair saleable value" of the assets of such

29

Person on a going concern basis will, as of such date, exceed the amount of all "liabilities of such Person, contingent or otherwise", as of such date, as such quoted terms are determined in accordance with applicable federal and state laws governing determinations of the insolvency of debtors, (b) the present fair saleable value of the assets of such Person on a going concern basis will, as of such date, be greater than the amount that will be required to pay the liability of such Person on its debts as such debts become absolute and matured, (c) such Person will not have, as of such date, an unreasonably small amount of capital with which to conduct its business, and (d) such Person will be able to pay its debts as they mature. For purposes of this definition, (i) "debt" means liability on a "claim", and (ii) "claim" means any (x) right to payment, whether or not such a right is reduced to judgment, liquidated, unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured or unsecured or (y) right to an equitable remedy for breach of performance if such breach gives rise to a right to payment, whether or not such right to an equitable remedy is reduced to judgment, fixed, contingent, matured or unmatured, disputed, undisputed, secured or unsecured.

"Specified Change of Control": either (a) a "Change of Control" as defined in the DM Agreement or the Senior 10% Note Indenture or (b) a "Fundamental Change" as defined in the Convertible Indenture.

"Spot Rate of Exchange": with respect to any Optional Currency, at any date of determination thereof, the spot rate of exchange in London that appears on the display page applicable to such Optional Currency on the Telerate System Incorporated Service (or such other page as may replace such page on such service for the purpose of displaying the spot rate of exchange in London) for the conversion of such Optional Currency into Dollars; provided that if there shall at any time no longer exist such a page on such service, the spot rate of exchange shall be determined by reference to another similar rate publishing service selected by the Administrative Agent and if no such similar rate publishing service is available by reference to the published rate of the Administrative Agent in effect at such date for similar commercial transactions.

"Standard Securitization Undertakings": representations, warranties, covenants and indemnities entered into by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in connection with the Domestic Receivables Facility or the European Receivables Facility which are reasonably customary in an accounts receivable transaction.

"Subsidiary": as to any Person, a corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other entity of which shares of stock or other ownership interests having ordinary voting power (other than stock or such other ownership interests having such power only by reason of the happening of a contingency) to elect a majority of the board of directors or other managers of such corporation, partnership or other entity are at the time owned, or the management of which is otherwise controlled, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, or both, by such Person. Unless otherwise qualified, all references to a "Subsidiary" or to "Subsidiaries" in this Agreement shall refer to a Subsidiary or Subsidiaries of the Company.

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"Subsidiary Guarantor" or "Subsidiary Guarantors": the individual or collective reference to the Domestic Subsidiary Guarantors and the Foreign Subsidiary Guarantors.

"Swing Line Approval Limit": with respect to each Swing Line Lender providing Swing Line Loans in Optional Currencies, the amount set forth below opposite the name of such Lender.

     Swing Line Lender            Amount
     -----------------            ------
Credit Suisse First Boston    FFr 240,000,000

"Swing Line Commitment": the obligation of the Swing Line Lenders to make Swing Line Loans pursuant to Section 2.6 in an aggregate principal amount at any one time outstanding not to exceed (a) in the case of Swing Line Loans made to the Company, $10,000,000 and (b) in the case of Swing Line Loans made to the Borrowing Subsidiaries, the Franc Equivalent of Ffr 240,000,000.

"Swing Line Lender": with respect to (a) Swing Line Loans to be made to the Company in Dollars, CoreStates Bank, N.A. (acting in its capacity as a lender of Swing Line Loans) and (b) Swing Line Loans to be made to the Borrowing Subsidiaries in any Optional Currency, the Lender (acting in its capacity as a lender of Swing Line Loans) set forth below opposite such Optional Currency:

Currency               Swing Line Lender
--------               -----------------
Dollars              CoreStates Bank, N.A.
 Francs                 To be Determined
 Marks                  To be Determined
 Pounds            Credit Suisse First Boston
Pesetas                 To be Determined

; provided that, (x) no Swing Line Lender shall make Swing Line Loans in any currency other than the Optional Currency set forth above opposite its name and Dollars and (y) with the consent of the Administrative Agent, the Company may from time to time remove any of the foregoing Swing Line Lenders (or any successor thereto) as a "Swing Line Lender" and substitute therefor any other Lender who agrees (in its sole discretion) to serve in such capacity with respect to the relevant currency.

"Swing Line Loans": as defined in Section 2.6.

"Swing Line Maximum": at any date, with respect to each Swing Line Lender making Swing Line Loans in an Optional Currency, the amount set forth below

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opposite the name of such Swing Line Lender (as such amount may be have been adjusted through such date in accordance with the provisions of

Section 2.8);

             Swing Line Lender                    Amount
             -----------------                    ------

        Credit Suisse First Boston           FFr 240,000,000

"Swing Line Participation Amount": as defined in Section 2.8.

"Term Loan Lender" or "Term Loan Lenders": the individual or collective reference to the Tranche A Term Loan Lenders and the Tranche B Term Loan Lenders.

"Term Loans": the collective reference to the Tranche A Term Loans

and Tranche B Term Loans.

"Total Revolving Credit Commitments": at any time, the aggregate amount of the Revolving Credit Commitments at such time.

"Total Revolving Extensions of Credit": at any time, the aggregate amount of the Revolving Extensions of Credit of the Revolving Credit Lenders at such time.

"Tranche A Term Loan": as defined in Section 2.1.

"Tranche A Term Loan Commitment": as to any Lender, the obligation of such Lender, if any, to make a Tranche A Term Loan to a Borrowing Subsidiary hereunder in a principal amount not to exceed the amount set forth under the heading "Tranche A Term Loan Commitment" opposite such Lender's name on Schedule 1.1A. The original amount of the aggregate Tranche A Term Loan Commitments of all Lenders is $150,000,000.

"Tranche A Term Loan Lender": each Lender which has a Tranche A Term

Loan Commitment or which has made a Tranche A Term Loan.

"Tranche A Term Loan Percentage": as to any Tranche A Term Loan Lender at any time, the percentage which such Lender's Tranche A Term Loan Commitment then constitutes of the aggregate Tranche A Term Loan Commitments (or, at any time after the Closing Date, the percentage which the aggregate principal amount of such Lender's Tranche A Term Loans then outstanding constitutes of the aggregate principal amount of the Tranche A Term Loans then outstanding).

"Tranche B Term Loan": as defined in Section 2.1.

"Tranche B Term Loan Commitment": as to any Tranche B Term Loan Lender the obligation of such Lender, if any, to make a Tranche B Term Loan to the Company hereunder in a principal amount not to exceed the amount set forth under the heading "Tranche B Term Loan Commitment" opposite such Lender's name on Schedule 1.1A. The original amount of the aggregate Tranche B Term

Loan


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Commitments of all Lenders is $250,000,000, of which not more than $75,000,000 in the aggregate may be borrowed by the Company.

"Tranche B Term Loan Lender": each Lender which has a Tranche B Term

Loan Commitment or which has made a Tranche B Term Loan.

"Tranche B Term Loan Percentage": as to any Lender at any time, the percentage which such Lender's Tranche B Term Loan Commitment then constitutes of the aggregate Tranche B Term Loan Commitments (or, at any time after the Closing Date, the percentage which the aggregate principal amount of such Lender's Tranche B Term Loans and commitment to make Tranche B Term Loans after the Closing Date then outstanding constitutes of the aggregate principal amount of the Tranche B Term Loans then outstanding and the aggregate principal amount of the commitments of the Tranche B Term Loan Lenders to make Tranche B Term Loans after the Closing Date); provided, that solely for purposes of calculating the amount of each installment of Tranche B Term Loans (other than the last installment) payable to a Term Loan Lender pursuant to Section 2.3(c), such Term Loan Lender's Tranche B Term Loan Percentage shall be calculated as if it had received the portion of any prior mandatory or optional prepayment attributable to such Term Loan Lender's Tranche B Term Loans which shall have been declined by such Term Loan Lender (or, in the case of any Term Loan Lender which shall have acquired its Tranche B Term Loans by assignment from another Person, by such other Person).

"Transferee": as defined in Section 12.18.

"Type": as to any Loan, its nature as a Base Rate Loan or a

Eurocurrency Loan.

"UK Mortgages": each of (i) the Deed of Mortgage made by Big Batteries Limited in favor of the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Lenders with respect to the real property located in Cwmbran, Wales and
(ii) the Deed of Mortgage made by CMP Batteries Limited in favor of the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Lenders with respect to the real property located in Hulton, England, and as each of the same may be further amended, supplemented, restated, replaced or otherwise modified from time to time.

"Uniform Customs": the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (1993 Revision), International Chamber of Commerce Publication No. 500, as the same may be amended from time to time.

"Wholly Owned Subsidiary": as to any Person, any other Person all of the Capital Stock of which (other than directors' qualifying shares required by law) is owned by such Person directly and/or through other Wholly Owned Subsidiaries; provided, however, that each of the Foreign Subsidiaries of the Company set forth in Schedule 1.1G shall be deemed to be a "Wholly Owned Subsidiary" to the extent that the Company owns beneficially at least the percentage of such Foreign Subsidiary set forth opposite such Foreign Subsidiary's name on Schedule 1.1G.

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"Wholly Owned Subsidiary Guarantor": any Subsidiary Guarantor that is

a Wholly Owned Subsidiary of the Company.

1.2 Other Definitional Provisions. (a) Unless otherwise specified therein, all terms defined in this Agreement shall have the defined meanings when used in the other Loan Documents or any certificate or other document made or delivered pursuant hereto or thereto.

(b) As used herein and in the other Loan Documents, and any certificate or other document made or delivered pursuant hereto or thereto, accounting terms relating to the Company and its Subsidiaries not defined in
Section 1.1 and accounting terms partly defined in Section 1.1, to the extent not defined, shall have the respective meanings given to them under GAAP.

(c) The words "hereof", "herein" and "hereunder" and words of similar import when used in this Agreement shall refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular provision of this Agreement, and Section, Schedule and Exhibit references are to this Agreement unless otherwise specified.

(d) The meanings given to terms defined herein shall be equally applicable to both the singular and plural forms of such terms.

SECTION 2. AMOUNT AND TERMS OF COMMITMENTS

2.1 Term Loan Commitments. Subject to the terms and conditions hereof, (a) each Tranche A Term Loan Lender severally agrees to make term loans in Dollars and Optional Currencies (a "Tranche A Term Loan") to each of the Borrowing Subsidiaries on the Closing Date in an aggregate amount for all the Borrowing Subsidiaries not to exceed the amount of the Tranche A Term Loan Commitment of such Lender and (b) each Tranche B Term Loan Lender severally agrees to make a term loan in Dollars (a "Tranche B Term Loan") to each of the Borrowers on the Closing Date and to make up to one additional term loan to the Borrowers during the period prior to February 22, 1998 in an aggregate amount for all the Borrowers not to exceed the amount of the Tranche B Term Loan Commitment of such Lender. The Term Loans may from time to time be Eurocurrency Loans or Base Rate Loans, as determined by the relevant Borrower and notified to the Administrative Agent in accordance with Sections 2.2 and 3.6 and, to the extent permitted pursuant to the definition of such term, Foreign Alternate Rate Loans.

2.2 Procedure for Term Loan Borrowing. The Company shall give the Administrative Agent irrevocable notice (which notice must be received by the Administrative Agent prior to 10:00 A.M., New York City time, in the case of borrowings by the Company, and 12:00 Noon, London time, in the case of borrowings by any Borrowing Subsidiary, in each case (a) three Business Days prior to the requested Borrowing Date, in the case of Eurocurrency Loans, or (b) one Business Day prior to the requested Borrowing Date, in the case of Base Rate Loans) requesting that the Term Loan Lenders make the Term Loans to be made by them on the requested Borrowing Date and specifying the amount to be borrowed; provided that the aggregate amount of Tranche B Term Loans made by the Tranche B Term Loan Lenders after the Closing Date (after giving effect to the making of such requested Tranche B Term Loans) shall not exceed $75,000,000. Upon receipt of such

34

notice the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each Term Loan Lender thereof. Not later than (x) 12:00 Noon, New York City time with respect to borrowings by the Company and (y) 12:00 Noon, London time with respect to borrowings by the Borrowing Subsidiaries, on the requested Borrowing Date each Term Loan Lender shall make available to the Administrative Agent at the Funding Office an amount in immediately available funds in the relevant currency equal to the Term Loan or Term Loans to be made by such Lender on such requested Borrowing Date. The Administrative Agent shall make available to each Borrower the aggregate of the amounts for such Borrower made available to the Administrative Agent by the Term Loan Lenders in immediately available funds.

2.3 Repayment of Term Loans. (a) The Tranche A Term Loan of each Tranche A Term Loan Lender shall mature in 24 consecutive quarterly installments (other than with respect to the last installment, which shall be due on December 18, 2003), commencing on March 31, 1998, each of which shall be in an aggregate amount equal to such Lender's Tranche A Term Loan Percentage of the amount equal to (i) the Dollar Equivalent of the initial aggregate principal amount of the Tranche A Term Loan of such Lender times (ii) the percentage set forth below opposite the date upon which such installment is due:

    Installment          Percentage
    -----------          ----------

March 31, 1998            1.50%
June 30, 1998             1.50%
September 30, 1998        3.50%
December 31, 1998         3.50%
March 31, 1999            2.00%
June 30, 1999             2.00%
September 30, 1999        4.66%
December 31, 1999         4.66%
March 31, 2000            2.50%
June 30, 2000             2.50%
September 30, 2000        5.83%
December 31, 2000         5.83%
March 31, 2001            2.75%
June 30, 2001             2.75%
September 30, 2001        6.42%
December 31, 2001         6.42%
March 31, 2002            2.75%
June 30, 2002             2.75%
September 30, 2002        6.42%
December 31, 2002         6.42%
March 31, 2003            3.50%
June 30, 2003             3.50%
September 30, 2003        8.17%
December 18, 2003         8.17%

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, amounts due pursuant to this Section 2.3(a) need not be applied to repay the Tranche A Term Loans owing in any particular currencies but rather shall be applied against any such amounts owing in any such currencies as the Company shall elect.


35

(b) The Tranche B Term Loan of each Tranche B Lender shall mature in 29 installments (other than with respect to the last installment, which shall be due on March 18, 2005), commencing on March 31, 1998, each of which shall be in an amount equal to such Lender's Tranche B Term Loan Percentage of the amount equal to (i) the Dollar Equivalent of the initial aggregate principal amount of the Tranche B Term Loans of such Lender times (ii) the percentage set forth below opposite the date upon which such installment is due:

    Installment          Percentage
    -----------          ----------

March 31, 1998            .15%
June 30, 1998             .15%
September 30, 1998        .35%
December 31, 1998         .35%
March 31, 1999            .15%
June 30, 1999             .15%
September 30, 1999        .35%
December 31, 1999         .35%
March 31, 2000            .15%
June 30, 2000             .15%
September 30, 2000        .35%
December 31, 2000         .35%
March 31, 2001            .15%
June 30, 2001             .15%
September 30, 2001        .35%
December 31, 2001         .35%
March 31, 2002            .15%
June 30, 2002             .15%
September 30, 2002        .35%
December 31, 2002         .35%
March 31, 2003            .15%
June 30, 2003             .15%
September 30, 2003        .35%
December 31, 2003         .35%
March 31, 2004            6.6%
June 30, 2004             6.6%
September 30, 2004        15.4%
December 31, 2004         15.4%
March 18, 2005            50.0%

(c) Any outstanding Tranche A Term Loans shall be due and payable on December 18, 2003 and any outstanding Tranche B Term Loans shall be due and payable on March 18, 2005.

2.4 Revolving Credit Commitments. (a) Subject to the terms and conditions hereof, each Revolving Credit Lender severally agrees to make revolving credit loans in Dollars and in the Optional Currencies ("Revolving Credit Loans") to each of the Borrowers from time to time during the Revolving Credit Commitment Period in an aggregate principal amount at any one time outstanding the Dollar Equivalent of which, when added to such Lender's Revolving Credit Percentage of the sum of the Dollar Equivalent of (i) the L/C

36

Obligations then outstanding and (ii) the aggregate principal amount of the Swing Line Loans then outstanding, does not exceed the amount of such Lender's Revolving Credit Commitment; provided, that:

(i) no Borrower shall request and no Revolving Credit Lender shall have any obligation to make any Revolving Credit Loan in any Optional Currency to the extent that after giving effect to the making of such Revolving Credit Loan, (A) the Dollar Equivalent of the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit denominated in such Optional Currency would exceed the Currency Maximum with respect to such Optional Currency or (B) the Dollar Equivalent of the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit denominated in all Optional Currencies would exceed $200,000,000; and

(ii) no Borrowing Subsidiary shall request and no Revolving Credit Lender shall have any obligation to make any Revolving Credit Loan to the extent that after giving effect to the making of such Revolving Credit Loan, the Dollar Equivalent of the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit with respect to such Borrowing Subsidiary would exceed such Borrowing Subsidiary's Designated Maximum; and

(iii) SEA Tudor S.A. shall be permitted to borrow only Swing Line Loans which are denominated in Pesetas (and any Revolving Credit Loans necessary to refund such Swing Line Loans in accordance with the provisions of Section 2.7).

During the Revolving Credit Commitment Period each of the Borrowers may use the Revolving Credit Commitments by borrowing, prepaying the Revolving Credit Loans in whole or in part, and reborrowing, all in accordance with the terms and conditions hereof.

(b) Each of the Borrowers shall repay all outstanding Revolving Credit Loans made to it on the Revolving Credit Termination Date.

2.5 Procedure for Revolving Credit Borrowing. (a) Each of the Borrowers may borrow under the Revolving Credit Commitments during the Revolving Credit Commitment Period on any Business Day, provided that the relevant Borrower shall give the Administrative Agent irrevocable notice (which notice must be received by the Administrative Agent prior to 12:00 Noon, New York City time, in the case of borrowings by the Company, and 12:00 Noon, London time, in the case of borrowings by any Borrowing Subsidiary, in each case (a) three Business Days prior to the requested Borrowing Date, in the case of Eurocurrency Loans or Foreign Alternate Base Rate Loans, or (b) one Business Day prior to the requested Borrowing Date, in the case of Base Rate Loans), specifying (i) the amount and Type of Revolving Credit Loans to be borrowed, (ii) the requested Borrowing Date, (iii) the currency in which such Revolving Credit Loans are to be made and (iv) in the case of Eurocurrency Loans, the respective amounts of each such Type of Loan and the respective lengths of the initial Interest Period therefor. Each borrowing under the Revolving Credit Commitments shall be in an amount equal to the Dollar Equivalent of $5,000,000 or a whole multiple of $1,000,000 in excess thereof (or, if such borrowing is to be made in any Optional Currency, an amount in such Optional Currency approximately equal to such amount); provided, that the Swing Line Lender may request, on behalf of the relevant Borrower, borrowings under the Revolving Credit Commitments which are Base Rate Loans (in the case of Loans denominated in Dollars) or Eurocurrency Loans (in the case of Loans denominated in any Optional Currency) in other amounts pursuant to Section 2.6. Upon

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receipt of any such notice from a Borrower, the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each Revolving Credit Lender thereof. Each Revolving Credit Lender will make the amount of its pro rata share of each borrowing available to

the Administrative Agent for the account of the Company at the Funding Office prior to 12:00 Noon, New York City time, in the case of borrowings by the Company, and 12:00 Noon, London time, in the case of borrowings by any Borrowing Subsidiary, in each case, on the Borrowing Date requested by the relevant Borrower in funds immediately available to the Administrative Agent. The Administrative Agent shall make available to the relevant Borrower the aggregate of the amounts for such Borrower made available to the Administrative Agent by the Revolving Credit Lenders in immediately available funds.

2.6 Swing Line Commitment. (a) Subject to the terms and conditions hereof, the Swing Line Lenders agree to make a portion of the credit otherwise available to the Borrowers under the Revolving Credit Commitments from time to time during the Revolving Credit Commitment Period by making swing line loans in Dollars or any Optional Currency ("Swing Line Loans") to the Borrowers; provided that (i) the aggregate principal amount of Swing Line Loans outstanding to the Company or the Borrowing Subsidiaries at any time shall not exceed the relevant Swing Line Commitment then in effect, (ii) none of the Borrowers shall request, and none of the Swing Line Lenders shall make, any Swing Line Loan in any Optional Currency if, after giving effect to the making of such Swing Line Loan, the aggregate amount of the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit denominated in such Optional Currency would exceed the Currency Maximum with respect to such Optional Currency, (iii) none of the Borrowers shall request, and none of the Swing Line Lenders shall make, any Swing Line Loan in Pesetas if, after giving effect to the making of such Swing Line Loan, the aggregate amount of Swing Line Loans denominated in Pesetas would exceed the Franc Equivalent of Ffr 96,000,000 and (iv) none of the Borrowing Subsidiaries shall request, and none of the Swing Line Lenders shall make, any Swing Line Loan if, after giving effect to the making of such Swing Line Loan, (A) the aggregate amount of the Available Revolving Credit Commitments would be less than zero, (B) the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit with respect to such Borrowing Subsidiary would exceed such Borrowing Subsidiary's Designated Maximum or (C) the aggregate amount of Swing Line Loans made by such Swing Line Lender shall exceed the Swing Line Maximum applicable to such Swing Line Lender. During the Revolving Credit Commitment Period, the Borrowers may use the Swing Line Commitment by borrowing, repaying and reborrowing, all in accordance with the terms and conditions hereof. Swing Line Loans denominated in Dollars shall be Base Rate Loans and Swing Line Loans denominated in any Optional Currency shall be Foreign Alternate Rate Loans.

(b) The relevant Borrower or Borrowers shall repay all outstanding Swing Line Loans on the Revolving Credit Termination Date.

2.7 Procedure for Swing Line Borrowing; Refunding of Swing Line
Loans. (a) Whenever the Company desires that the relevant Swing Line Lender make Swing Line Loans to it, the Company shall give such Swing Line Lender irrevocable telephonic notice (which telephonic notice must be received by such Swing Line Lender not later than 1:00 P.M., New York City time, on the proposed Borrowing Date) confirmed promptly in writing (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), specifying (i) the amount to be borrowed and (ii) the requested Borrowing Date (which shall be a Business Day during the Revolving Credit Commitment Period). Each borrowing by the Company under the Swing Line Commitment

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shall be in an amount equal to $500,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof. Not later than 3:00 P.M., New York City time, on the requested Borrowing Date, such Swing Line Lender shall make available to the Company, in immediately available funds, the proceeds of such requested Swing Line Loan.

(b) Whenever a Borrowing Subsidiary desires that a Swing Line Lender make Swing Line Loans to it, such Borrowing Subsidiary shall give to such Swing Line Lender irrevocable telephonic notice (which telephonic notice must be received by such Swing Line Lender not later than 10:00 A.M., London time (or such other time as the Administrative Agent and the Swing Line Lender may consent), on the proposed Borrowing Date) confirmed promptly in writing (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), specifying (i) the amount and currency to be borrowed, (ii) the requested Borrowing Date (which shall be a Business Day during the Revolving Credit Commitment Period) and (iii) any other information requested by the Swing Line Lender in accordance with its particular borrowing procedures. Each borrowing under the Swing Line Commitment by a Borrowing Subsidiary shall be in the amount equal to the Dollar Equivalent of $500,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof (or, if such borrowing is to be made in any Optional Currency, an amount in such Optional Currency approximately equal to such amount). Not later than 3:00 P.M., London time, on the requested Borrowing Date, such Swing Line Lender shall make available to the relevant Borrowing Subsidiary, in immediately available funds, the proceeds of such requested Swing Line Loan.

(c) Each Swing Line Lender, at any time and from time to time in its sole and absolute discretion may, on behalf of the relevant Borrower (which hereby irrevocably directs the Swing Line Lender to act on its behalf), on (x) one Business Day's notice in the case of Swing Line Loans made to the Company in Dollars or (y) three Business Days' notice, otherwise, given by the Swing Line Lender through the Administrative Agent no later than 12:00 Noon, New York City time, in the case of borrowings by the Company, and 12:00 Noon, London time, in the case of borrowings by any Borrowing Subsidiary, request each Revolving Credit Lender to make, and each Revolving Credit Lender hereby agrees to make, a Revolving Credit Loan, in an amount equal to such Revolving Credit Lender's Revolving Credit Percentage of the aggregate amount of the outstanding Swing Line Loans (the "Refunded Swing Line Loans") with respect to which such notice has been given, to repay the requesting Swing Line Lender. Each Revolving Credit Lender shall make the amount of such Revolving Credit Loan available to the Administrative Agent at the Funding Office in immediately available funds, not later than 1:00 P.M., New York City time, in the case of borrowings by the Company, and 1:00 P.M., London time, in the case of borrowings by any Borrowing Subsidiary, in each case, one Business Day (or three Business Days, as the case may be) after the date of such notice. The proceeds of such Revolving Credit Loans shall be immediately applied by the Swing Line Lender to repay the Refunded Swing Line Loans. The relevant Borrower irrevocably authorizes the Administrative Agent to charge such Borrower's accounts with the Administrative Agent (up to the amount available in each such account) in order to immediately pay the amount of such Refunded Swing Line Loans to the extent amounts received from the Revolving Credit Lenders are not sufficient to repay in full such Refunded Swing Line Loans.

(d) If prior to the time a Revolving Credit Loan would have otherwise been made pursuant to Section 2.7(c), one of the events described in Section 9(f) shall have occurred and be continuing with respect to the Company or the relevant Borrowing


39

Subsidiary or if for any other reason, as determined by the Swing Line Lender in its sole discretion, Revolving Credit Loans may not be made as contemplated by
Section 2.7(c), each Revolving Credit Lender shall, on the date such Revolving Credit Loan was to have been made pursuant to the notice referred to in Section
2.7(c) (the "Refunding Date"), purchase for cash an undivided participating interest in an amount equal to (i) its Revolving Credit Percentage times (ii) the aggregate principal amount of Swing Line Loans then outstanding which were to have been repaid with such Revolving Credit Loans (the "Swing Line Participation Amount").

(e) Whenever, at any time after the Swing Line Lender has received from any Revolving Credit Lender such Lender's Swing Line Participation Amount, the Swing Line Lender receives any payment on account of the Swing Line Loans, the Swing Line Lender will distribute to the Administrative Agent for distribution to such Lender its Swing Line Participation Amount (appropriately adjusted, in the case of interest payments, to reflect the period of time during which such Lender's participating interest was outstanding and funded and, in the case of principal and interest payments, to reflect such Lender's pro rata

portion of such payment if such payment is not sufficient to pay the principal of and interest on all Swing Line Loans then due); provided, however, that in the event that such payment received by the Swing Line Lender is required to be returned, such Revolving Credit Lender will return to the Administrative Agent for distribution to the Swing Line Lender any portion thereof previously distributed to it by the Swing Line Lender.

(f) Each Borrower hereby irrevocably and unconditionally authorizes the Swing Line Lender to convert into Dollars (at the actual exchange rate then available to it) all amounts then owing to it on account of any Swing Line Loan which is denominated in Pesetas. Such Swing Line Lender and each Revolving Credit Lender hereby irrevocably and unconditionally agrees that (i) no Revolving Credit Lender shall have any obligation to make any Loans or purchase any participating interests contemplated by Section 2.7(d) or (e) on account of such Peseta-denominated Swing Line Loan until such time as such Swing Line Lender has effected the conversion described above and provided written notice to the Administrative Agent (which shall promptly forward such notice to the Revolving Credit Lenders) of the amount of Dollars owing to it as a result of such conversion and (ii) from and after the date upon which such conversion is effected, the obligations of the Revolving Credit Lenders under Sections 2.7(d) and (e) shall be satisfied only by the payment to such Swing Line Lender of such Revolving Credit Lender's Revolving Credit Percentage of the amount of Dollars so notified to the Administrative Agent.

(g) Each Revolving Credit Lender's obligation to make the Loans referred to in Section 2.7(c) and to purchase participating interests pursuant to Section 2.7(d) shall be absolute and unconditional and shall not be affected by any circumstance, including, without limitation, (i) any setoff, counterclaim, recoupment, defense or other right which such Revolving Credit Lender, the Company or the relevant Borrowing Subsidiary may have against the Swing Line Lender, the Company, the relevant Borrowing Subsidiary or any other Person for any reason whatsoever; (ii) the occurrence or continuance of a Default or an Event of Default or the failure to satisfy any of the other conditions specified in Section 6; (iii) any adverse change in the condition (financial or otherwise) of the Company or the relevant Borrowing Subsidiary;
(iv) any breach of this Agreement or any other Loan Document by the Company, any other Loan Party or any other Revolving Credit Lender; or (v) any other


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circumstance, happening or event whatsoever, whether or not similar to any of the foregoing.

(h) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, no Revolving Credit Lender shall be required to make a Revolving Credit Loan pursuant to Section 2.7(c) or acquire a participation pursuant to Section 2.7(d) in a Swing Line Loan if an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing at the time such Swing Line Loan was made and such Revolving Credit Lender shall have notified the relevant Swing Line Lender and the Administrative Agent in writing, at least one Business Day prior to the time such Swing Line Loan was made, that such Event of Default has occurred and that such Revolving Credit Lender will not acquire participations in Swing Line Loans made while such Event of Default is continuing.

2.8 Reallocation of Swing Line Maximums. (a) The Company (on its own behalf and as agent of the Borrowing Subsidiaries) may from time to time (but, unless the Administrative Agent shall otherwise agree, not more frequently than one time per calendar month) request that the amount of any one or more Swing Line Maximums be increased and/or the amount of any one or more Swing Line Maximums be decreased by delivering a written request for such re-allocation to the Administrative Agent. Each such request shall specify the amount (in Francs) of the increase or decrease, as the case may be, applicable to each affected Swing Line Lender. The Administrative Agent shall deliver to each affected Swing Line a copy of such request promptly following receipt thereof.

(b) Unless the revised Swing Line Maximum of any Swing Line Lender will, after giving effect to the requested re-allocation of Swing Line Maximums, be in excess of the Swing Line Approval Limit then in effect for such Swing Line Lender, then the Swing Line Maximums shall be deemed to be so re-allocated and the definition of the term "Swing Line Maximum" contained in Section 1.1 hereof shall be deemed to be amended to reflect such re-allocation; provided that (i) no Swing Line Lender shall lend more than its Swing Line Maximum (as in effect prior to the effectiveness of such re-allocation) until such Swing Line Lender has received notice from the Administrative Agent of the effectiveness of such re-allocation (which notice the Administrative Agent agrees to deliver promptly upon such effectiveness), (ii) after giving effect to such re-allocation, the aggregate amount of Swing Line Maximums shall not exceed the Swing Line Commitment then in effect, (iii) the Dollar Equivalent of the sum of (a) the aggregate principal amount of all Revolving Credit Loans then outstanding, (b) the aggregate amount of all L/C Obligations then outstanding and (c) the sum of all Swing Line Maximums then in effect, would exceed the aggregate amount of Revolving Credit Commitments then in effect and (iv) SEA Tudor S.A. shall be permitted to borrow only Swing Line Loans which are denominated in Pesetas (and any Revolving Credit Loans necessary to refund such Swing Line Loans in accordance with the provisions of Section 2.7).

SECTION 3. PROVISIONS RELATING TO EXTENSIONS OF CREDIT; FEES AND PAYMENT

3.1 Repayment of Loans; Evidence of Debt. (a) Each Borrower hereby unconditionally promises to pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of the appropriate Revolving Credit Lender or Term Loan Lender, as the case may be,
(i) the then unpaid principal amount of each Revolving Credit Loan made to it by such Revolving Credit

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Lender on the Revolving Credit Termination Date (or such earlier date on which the Loans become due and payable pursuant to Section 9), (ii) the then unpaid principal amount of each Swing Line Loan made to it by such Swing Line Lender on the Revolving Credit Termination Date (or such earlier date on which the Loans become due and payable pursuant to Section 9), (iii) the principal amount of each Tranche A Term Loan made to it by such Term Loan Lender in installments according to the amortization schedule set forth in Section 2.3 (or on such earlier date on which the Loans become due and payable pursuant to Section 9) and (iv) the principal amount of each Tranche B Term Loan made to it by such Term Loan Lender in installments according to the amortization schedule set forth in Section 2.3 (or on such earlier date on which the Loans become due and payable pursuant to Section 9). Each Borrower hereby further agrees to pay interest on the unpaid principal amount of the Loans made to it from time to time outstanding from the date hereof until payment in full thereof at the rates per annum, and on the dates, set forth in Section 3.8.

(b) Each Lender shall maintain in accordance with its usual practice an account or accounts evidencing indebtedness of the Borrowers to such Lender resulting from each Loan of such Lender from time to time, including the amounts of principal and interest payable and paid to such Lender from time to time under this Agreement.

(c) The Administrative Agent, on behalf of the Borrowers, shall maintain the Register pursuant to Section 12.6(e), and a subaccount therein for each Lender, in which shall be recorded (i) the amount of each Loan made hereunder and any Note evidencing such Loan, the Type thereof and each Interest Period applicable thereto, (ii) the amount of any principal or interest due and payable or to become due and payable from each Borrower to each Lender hereunder and (iii) both the amount of any sum received by the Administrative Agent hereunder from each Borrower and each Lender's share thereof.

(d) The entries made in the Register and the accounts of each Lender maintained pursuant to Section 3.1(b) shall, to the extent permitted by applicable law, be prima facie evidence of the existence and amounts of the obligations of the Borrowers therein recorded; provided, however, that the failure of any Lender or the Administrative Agent to maintain the Register or any such account, or any error therein, shall not in any manner affect the obligation of the relevant Borrower to repay (with applicable interest) the Loans made to such Borrower by such Lender in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.

(e) The relevant Borrower agrees that, upon the request to the Administrative Agent by any Lender, such Borrower will execute and deliver to such Lender a promissory note of such Borrower evidencing any Term Loans, Revolving Credit Loans or Swing Line Loans, as the case may be, of such Lender, substantially in the forms of Exhibit F-1, F-2, F-3 or F-4, respectively, with appropriate insertions as to date and principal amount.

3.2 Facility Fees, Commitment Fees, etc. (a) The Company agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of each Revolving Credit Lender a facility fee for the period from and including the Closing Date to the last day of the Revolving Credit Commitment Period, computed at the Facility Fee Rate on the amount of the Revolving Credit Commitment of such Lender during the period for which payment is made, payable quarterly in arrears on the third Business Day of each January, April, July and October (commencing on April 3, 1998) for the period ending on (and including) the last day of the

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immediately preceding December, March, June or September, respectively, and on the Revolving Credit Termination Date.

(b) The Company agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of each Tranche B Term Loan Lender a commitment fee for the period from and including the Closing Date to February 22, 1998, computed at a rate per annum equal to .50% on the amount by which the average daily Tranche B Term Loan Commitment of such Lender during the period for which payment is due exceeds the average daily principal amount (without giving effect to any prepayments or repayments thereof) during such period of all Tranche B Term Loans made by such Lender. Such commitment fee shall be payable in arrears on February 22, 1998.

(c) The Company agrees to pay to the Syndication Agent and the Administrative Agent the fees in the amounts and on the dates previously agreed to in writing by the Company, the Syndication Agent and the Administrative Agent.

(d) The Company agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent the administrative agent fees in the amounts and on the dates from time to time agreed to in writing by the Company and the Administrative Agent.

3.3 Termination or Reduction of Revolving Credit Commitments. The Company shall have the right, upon not less than three Business Days' notice to the Administrative Agent, to terminate the Revolving Credit Commitments or, from time to time, to reduce the amount of the Revolving Credit Commitments; provided that no such termination or reduction of the Revolving Credit Commitments shall be permitted if, after giving effect thereto and to any prepayments of the Revolving Credit Loans and Swing Line Loans made on the effective date thereof, the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit would exceed the Total Revolving Credit Commitments. Any such reduction shall be in an amount equal to $1,000,000, or a whole multiple thereof, and shall reduce permanently the Revolving Credit Commitments then in effect.

3.4 Optional Prepayments. The relevant Borrower may at any time and from time to time prepay the Loans made to it, in whole or in part, without premium or penalty, upon irrevocable notice delivered to the Administrative Agent by 10:00 A.M., New York City time, in the case of prepayments by the Company, and 10:00 A.M., London time, in the case of prepayments by any Borrowing Subsidiary, in each case, at least three Business Days prior thereto in the case of Foreign Alternate Rate Loans which are not Swing Line Loans or Eurocurrency Loans and at least one Business Day prior thereto in the case of Base Rate Loans (or, in the case of Swing Line Loans, on the date of such prepayment), which notice shall specify the date and amount of prepayment and whether the prepayment is of Eurocurrency Loans, Base Rate Loans or Foreign Alternate Rate Loans; provided, that if a Eurocurrency Loan is prepaid on any day other than the last day of the Interest Period applicable thereto, the relevant Borrower shall also pay any amounts owing pursuant to Section 3.14. Upon receipt of any such notice the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each relevant Lender thereof. If any such notice is given, the amount specified in such notice shall be due and payable on the date specified therein, together with (except in the case of Revolving Credit Loans which are Base Rate Loans and Swing Line Loans) accrued interest to such date on the amount prepaid. Partial prepayments of Term Loans and Revolving Credit Loans shall be in an aggregate principal amount of the Dollar Equivalent of $1,000,000 or a

43

whole multiple thereof and partial prepayments of Swing Line Loans shall be in an aggregate principal amount of $100,000 or a whole multiple thereof (or, if any such prepayment is to be made in any Optional Currency, an amount in such Optional Currency approximately equal to such amount). Subject to Section 3.11(d), any optional prepayments of the Term Loans pursuant to this Section 3.4 shall be made ratably to the Tranche A Term Loans and the Tranche B Term Loans according to the respective outstanding principal amounts thereof held by the Term Loan Lenders with such amounts applied to reduce the then remaining installments of the respective Term Loans pro rata based upon the then remaining

principal amount thereof. Amounts prepaid on account of the Term Loans may not be reborrowed. Subject to the foregoing, amounts prepaid pursuant to this
Section 3.4 need not be applied to prepay the Tranche A Term Loans owing in any particular currencies but rather shall be applied against any such amounts owing in any such currencies as the Company shall elect.

3.5 Mandatory Prepayments and Commitment Reductions. (a) Unless the Required Prepayment Lenders shall otherwise agree, if any Capital Stock shall be issued, or Indebtedness incurred, by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, an amount equal to 100% of the Net Cash Proceeds thereof shall be applied on the date of such issuance or incurrence toward the prepayment of the Term Loans and the reduction of the Revolving Credit Commitments as set forth in Section 3.5(d); provided that no such prepayment or reduction shall be required with respect to (i) any Indebtedness incurred in accordance with Section 8.2, (ii) Designated Equity Amounts, (iii) Capital Stock issued in connection with the Company's stock plans or arrangements for directors and employees of the Company and its Subsidiaries or (iv) Capital Stock issued to the Company or any Wholly- Owned Subsidiary.

(b) Unless the Required Prepayment Lenders shall otherwise agree, if on any date the Company or any of its Subsidiaries shall receive Net Cash Proceeds from any Asset Sale or Recovery Event then, unless a Reinvestment Notice shall be delivered in respect thereof, such Net Cash Proceeds shall be applied on such date toward the prepayment of the Term Loans and the reduction of the Revolving Credit Commitments as set forth in Section 3.5(d); provided, that, notwithstanding the foregoing, (i) the aggregate Net Cash Proceeds of Asset Sales and Recovery Events that may be subject to the exclusion from the foregoing requirement pursuant to a Reinvestment Notice shall not exceed $20,000,000 at any one time and (ii) on each Reinvestment Prepayment Date, an amount equal to the Reinvestment Prepayment Amount with respect to the relevant Reinvestment Event shall be applied toward the prepayment of the Term Loans and the reduction of the Revolving Credit Commitments as set forth in Section 3.5(d).

(c) Unless the Required Prepayment Lenders shall otherwise agree, if, for any fiscal year of the Company commencing with the fiscal year ending March 31, 1999, there shall be Excess Cash Flow, the Company shall, on the relevant Excess Cash Flow Application Date, apply the ECF Percentage of such Excess Cash Flow toward the prepayment of the Term Loans and the reduction of the Revolving Credit Commitments as set forth in Section 3.5(d). Each such prepayment and commitment reduction shall be made on a date (an "Excess Cash Flow Application Date") no later than fifteen days after the earlier of (i) the date on which the

financial statements of the Company referred to in Section 7.1(a), for the fiscal year with respect to which such prepayment is made, are required to be delivered to the Lenders and (ii) the date such financial statements are actually delivered.

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(d) Amounts to be applied in connection with prepayments and Commitment reductions made pursuant to Section 3.5 shall be applied, first, to the prepayment of the Term Loans and, second, to reduce permanently the Revolving Credit Commitments. Subject to Section 3.11(d), any such prepayments of the Term Loans shall be applied to the Tranche A Term Loans and the Tranche B Term Loans pro rata according to the respective outstanding principal amounts

thereof held by the Term Loan Lenders with such amounts applied to reduce the then remaining installments of the respective Term Loans pro rata based upon the

then remaining principal amount thereof. Amounts prepaid on account of the Term Loans may not be reborrowed. Any such reduction of the Revolving Credit Commitments shall be accompanied by prepayment of the Revolving Credit Loans and/or Swing Line Loans to the extent, if any, that the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit exceed the amount of the Total Revolving Credit Commitments as so reduced, provided that if the aggregate principal amount of Revolving Credit Loans and Swing Line Loans then outstanding is less than the amount of such excess (because L/C Obligations constitute a portion thereof), the Company shall or shall cause the Borrowing Subsidiaries to, to the extent of the balance of such excess, replace outstanding Letters of Credit and/or deposit an amount in cash in a cash collateral account established with the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Lenders under the relevant Facility on terms and conditions satisfactory to the Administrative Agent. The application of any prepayment pursuant to Section 3.5 shall be made first to Base Rate Loans and Foreign Alternate Rate Loans, ratably based on the outstanding principal amounts thereof, and second to Eurocurrency Loans. Each prepayment of the Loans under
Section 3.5 (except in the case of Revolving Credit Loans that are Base Rate Loans and Swing Line Loans) shall be accompanied by accrued interest to the date of such prepayment on the amount prepaid. Subject to the foregoing, amounts prepaid pursuant to this Section 3.5 need not be applied to prepay the Tranche A Term Loans owing in any particular currencies but rather shall be applied against any such amounts owing in any such currencies as the Company shall elect.

3.6 Conversion and Continuation Options. (a) Each Borrower may elect from time to time to convert Eurocurrency Loans denominated in Dollars to Base Rate Loans by giving the Administrative Agent irrevocable notice of such election by 10:00 A.M., New York City time, in the case of Loans to the Company, and by 10:00 A.M., London time, in the case of Loans to any Borrowing Subsidiary, in each case at least one Business Day prior to such conversion, provided that any such conversion of Eurocurrency Loans may only be made on the last day of an Interest Period with respect thereto. Each Borrower may elect from time to time to convert Base Rate Loans or the Foreign Alternate Rate Loans to Eurocurrency Loans by giving the Administrative Agent by 10:00 A.M., New York City time, in the case of borrowings by the Company, and 10:00 A.M., London time, in the case of borrowings by any Borrowing Subsidiary, in each case, at least three Business Days' prior irrevocable notice of such election (which notice shall specify the length of the initial Interest Period therefor), provided that no Base Rate Loan under a particular Facility may be converted into a Eurocurrency Loan (i) when any Event of Default has occurred and is continuing and the Administrative Agent or the Majority Facility Lenders in respect of such Facility have determined in its or their sole discretion not to permit such conversions or (ii) after the date that is one month prior to the final scheduled termination or maturity date of such Facility. Upon receipt of any such notice the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each relevant Lender thereof.

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(b) Any Eurocurrency Loan may be continued as such upon the expiration of the then current Interest Period with respect thereto by the relevant Borrower giving irrevocable notice of such election by 10:00 A.M., New York City time, in the case of Loans to the Company, and by 10:00 A.M., London time, in the case of Loans to any Borrowing Subsidiary, in each case at least three Business Days prior to such continuation, of the length of the next Interest Period to be applicable to such Loans, provided that no Eurocurrency Loan denominated in Dollars under a particular Facility may be continued as such
(i) when any Event of Default has occurred and is continuing and the Administrative Agent has or the Majority Facility Lenders in respect of such Facility have determined in its or their sole discretion not to permit such continuations or (ii) after the date that is one month prior to the final scheduled termination or maturity date of such Facility, and provided, further, that if the relevant Borrower shall fail to give any required notice as described above in this paragraph or if such continuation is not permitted pursuant to the preceding proviso any Eurocurrency Loans denominated in Dollars shall be automatically converted to Base Rate Loans on the last day of such then expiring Interest Period and any Eurocurrency Loan denominated in any Optional Currency shall be continued as a Eurocurrency Loan with an Interest Period of one month's duration. Upon receipt of any such notice the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each relevant Lender thereof.

3.7 Minimum Amounts and Maximum Number of Eurocurrency Tranches.
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, all borrowings, conversions, continuations and optional prepayments of Eurocurrency Loans hereunder and all selections of Interest Periods hereunder shall be in such amounts and be made pursuant to such elections so that, (a) after giving effect thereto, the aggregate principal amount of the Eurocurrency Loans comprising each Eurocurrency Tranche shall be equal to the Dollar Equivalent of $5,000,000 or a whole multiple of $1,000,000 in excess thereof (or, with respect to Eurocurrency Loans made in any Optional Currency, an amount in such Optional Currency approximately equal to such amount) and (b) no more than 25 Eurocurrency Tranches shall be outstanding at any one time.

3.8 Interest Rates and Payment Dates. (a) Each Eurocurrency Loan shall bear interest for each day during each Interest Period with respect thereto at a rate per annum equal to the Eurocurrency Rate determined for such day plus the Applicable Margin.

(b) Each Base Rate Loan shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the Base Rate plus the Applicable Margin.

(c) Each Foreign Alternate Rate Loan shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the Foreign Alternate Rate plus the Applicable Margin in effect at such time with respect to Base Rate Loans.

(d) (i) If all or a portion of the principal amount of any Loan or Reimbursement Obligation shall not be paid when due (whether at the stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise), all outstanding Loans and Reimbursement Obligations (whether or not overdue) shall bear interest at a rate per annum which is equal to (x) in the case of the Loans, the rate that would otherwise be applicable thereto pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this Section 3.8 plus

2%, (y) in the case of Reimbursement Obligations owing in Dollars, the rate applicable to Base Rate Loans under the Revolving Credit Facility plus 2% and

(z) in the case of Reimbursement Obligations owing in Optional Currencies, the rate

46

applicable to Foreign Alternate Rate Loans under the Revolving Credit Facility plus 2%, and (ii) if all or a portion of any interest payable on any Loan or

Reimbursement Obligation or any commitment fee or other amount payable hereunder shall not be paid when due (whether at the stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise), such overdue amount shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the rate applicable to Base Rate Loans (or, in the case of interest, fees or amounts owing on account of obligations denominated in Optional Currencies, Foreign Alternate Rate Loans) under the relevant Facility plus 2% (or, in the

case of fees, reimbursements or any such other amounts that do not relate to a particular Facility, the Base Rate plus 3.25%), in each case, with respect to

clauses (i) and (ii) above, from the date of such non-payment until such amount is paid in full (as well after as before judgment).

(e) Interest shall be payable in arrears on each Interest Payment Date, provided that interest accruing pursuant to paragraph (d) of this Section 3.8 shall be payable from time to time on demand.

(f) For the purposes of Articles L 313-1 to L 313-6 of the French Code de la Consommation, the parties hereto acknowledge that the taux effectif global may only be determined during the course of the Loans. By way of example, the taux effectif global applicable on December 19, 1997 taking into account the fees, commissions and expenses which are payable by the Borrowers and:

(i) in the case of a Eurocurrency Loan, assuming a base interest rate of
[___]% per annum (being the Eurocurrency Rate (as at December 19, 1997) for French Francs or, in the case of the Tranche B Term Loans, Dollars with an Interest Period of three months), (A) in respect of the Tranche A Term Loans would be [___]% per annum and the taux de periode would be [___]% for a period of three months, (B) in respect of the Tranche B Term Loans would be [___]% per annum and the taux de periode would be [___]% for a period of three months and (C) in respect of the Revolving Credit Loans made to the Borrowing Subsidiaries (assuming that Revolving Credit Facilities were fully drawn for a period of three months) would be Loans [___]% per annum and the taux de periode would be [___]% for a period of three months;

(ii) in the case of a Base Rate Loan, assuming a base interest rate of
[___]% per annum (being the Base Rate (as at December 19, 1997) for French Francs or, in the case of the Tranche B Term Loans, for a period of three months), (A) in respect of the Tranche A Term Loans would be [___]% per annum and the taux de periode would be [___]% for a period of three months, (B) in respect of the Tranche B Term Loans would be [___]% per annum and the taux de periode would be [___]% for a period of three months and (C) in respect of the Revolving Credit Loans made to the Borrowing Subsidiaries (assuming that Revolving Credit Facilities were fully drawn for a period of three months) would be Loans [___]% per annum and the taux de periode would be [___]% for a period of three months; and

(iii) in the case of a Foreign Alternate Rate Loan, assuming a base interest rate of [___]% per annum (being the Foreign Alternate Rate for Credit Suisse First Boston (as at December 19, 1997) for French Francs or, in the case of the


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Tranche B Term Loans, for a period of three months), (A) in respect of the Tranche A Term Loans would be [___]% per annum and the taux de periode would be [___]% for a period of three months, (B) in respect of the Tranche B Term Loans would be [___]% per annum and the taux de periode would be [___]% for a period of three months and (C) in respect of the Revolving Credit Loans made to the Borrowing Subsidiaries (assuming that Revolving Credit Facilities were fully drawn for a period of three months) would be Loans [___]% per annum and the taux de periode would be [___]% for a period of three months.

3.9 Computation of Interest and Fees. (a) Interest, fees and commissions payable pursuant hereto shall be calculated on the basis of a 360- day year for the actual days elapsed, except that, (i) with respect to Base Rate Loans the rate of interest on which is calculated on the basis of the Prime Rate, and any Loans or Letters of Credit denominated in Pounds, the interest thereon shall be calculated on the basis of a 365- (or 366-, as the case may be) day year for the actual days elapsed and (ii) with respect to Foreign Alternate Rate Loans, the interest thereon shall be calculated in accordance with the method customarily used for calculating interest on loans in the relevant jurisdiction. The Administrative Agent shall as soon as practicable notify the relevant Borrower and the relevant Lenders of each determination of a Eurocurrency Rate. Any change in the interest rate on a Loan resulting from a change in the Base Rate or the Eurocurrency Reserve Requirements shall become effective as of the opening of business on the day on which such change becomes effective. The Administrative Agent shall as soon as practicable notify the relevant Borrower and the relevant Lenders of the effective date and the amount of each such change in interest rate.

(b) Each determination of an interest rate by the Administrative Agent pursuant to any provision of this Agreement shall be conclusive and binding on the relevant Borrower and the Lenders in the absence of manifest error. The Administrative Agent shall, at the request of the relevant Borrower, deliver to such Borrower a statement showing the quotations used by the Administrative Agent in determining any interest rate pursuant to Section 3.8(a).

3.10 Inability to Determine Interest Rate. If prior to the first day of any Interest Period:

(a) the Administrative Agent shall have determined (which determination shall be conclusive and binding upon each of the Borrowers) that, by reason of circumstances affecting the relevant market, adequate and reasonable means do not exist for ascertaining the Eurocurrency Rate for such Interest Period, or

(b) the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from the Majority Facility Lenders in respect of the relevant Facility that the Eurocurrency Rate determined or to be determined for such Interest Period will not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to such Lenders (as conclusively certified by such Lenders) of making or maintaining their affected Loans during such Interest Period,

the Administrative Agent shall give telecopy or telephonic notice thereof to the relevant Borrower and the relevant Lenders as soon as practicable thereafter. If such notice is given (i) any Eurocurrency Loans denominated in Dollars under the relevant Facility requested to


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be made on the first day of such Interest Period shall be made as Base Rate Loans, (ii) any Eurocurrency Loans denominated in any Optional Currency requested to be made on the first day of such Interest Period shall be made as Foreign Alternate Rate Loans, (iii) any Loans under the relevant Facility that were to have been converted on the first day of such Interest Period to Eurocurrency Loans shall be continued as Base Rate Loans, (iv) any outstanding Eurocurrency Loans denominated in Dollars under the relevant Facility shall be converted, on the first day of such Interest Period, to Base Rate Loans and (v) any outstanding Eurocurrency Loans denominated in any Optional Currency shall be converted, on the first day of such Interest Period, to Foreign Alternate Rate Loans. Until such notice has been withdrawn by the Administrative Agent, no further Eurocurrency Loans under the relevant Facility shall be made or continued as such, nor shall any Borrower have the right to convert Loans under the relevant Facility to Eurocurrency Loans.

3.11 Pro Rata Treatment and Payments. (a) Each borrowing by a Borrower from the Lenders hereunder (other than in the case of Swing Line Loans), each payment by a Borrower on account of any commitment or facility fee and any reduction of the Commitments of the Lenders shall be made pro rata

according to the respective Tranche A Term Loan Percentages, Tranche B Term Loan Percentages or Revolving Credit Percentages, as the case may be, of the relevant Lenders.

(b) Subject to Section 3.4 and 3.5, each payment by a Borrower on account of principal of and interest on the Term Loans under a particular Facility shall be made pro rata according to the respective outstanding

principal amounts of the Term Loans under such Facility then held by the Term Loan Lenders (except as otherwise provided in Section 3.11(d)).

(c) Each payment (including each prepayment) by a Borrower on account of principal of and interest on the Revolving Credit Loans shall be made pro

rata according to the respective outstanding principal amounts of the Revolving

Credit Loans then held by the Revolving Credit Lenders.

(d) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in Sections 3.4, 3.5 or 3.11, so long as any Tranche A Term Loans are outstanding, each Tranche B Term Loan Lender may, at its option, decline the portion of any optional prepayment or mandatory payment applicable to the Tranche B Term Loans of such Lender; accordingly, with respect to the amount of any optional prepayment described in
Section 3.4 or mandatory prepayment described in Section 3.5 that is allocated to Tranche B Term Loans (such amounts, the "Tranche B Prepayment Amount"), at any time when Tranche A Term Loans remain outstanding, the relevant Borrower will, in lieu of applying such amount to the prepayment of Tranche B Term Loans as provided in Section 3.4 (in the case of optional prepayments) or Section 3.5 (in the case of mandatory prepayments), on the date specified in Section 3.4 or 3.5, as the case may be, and so long as no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and is continuing, in the case of any mandatory prepayment required to be made pursuant to Section 3.5, give the Administrative Agent telephonic notice (promptly confirmed in writing) requesting that the Administrative Agent prepare and provide to each Tranche B Lender a notice (each, a "Prepayment Option Notice") as described below. As promptly as practicable after receiving such notice from such Borrower, the Administrative Agent will send to each Tranche B Lender a Prepayment Option Notice, which shall be in the form of Exhibit G, and shall include an offer by such Borrower to prepay on the date (each a "Prepayment Date")

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that is 10 Business Days after the date of the Prepayment Option Notice, the relevant Tranche B Term Loans of such Lender by an amount equal to the portion of the Tranche B Prepayment Amount indicated in such Lender's Prepayment Option Notice as being applicable to such Lender's Tranche B Term Loans. Each Tranche B Term Loan Lender shall notify the Administrative Agent and the relevant Borrower in writing, by no later than 10:00 A.M., New York City time, in the case of prepayments by the Company, and by no later than 10:00 A.M., London time, in the case of prepayments by a Borrowing Subsidiary, in each case, on the fifth Business Day preceding the Prepayment Date, whether or not it accepts the relevant Borrower's prepayment offer. Failure by such Lender to so notify the Administrative Agent by such time shall be deemed to be notice that such Lender accepts the relevant Borrower's prepayment offer. On the Prepayment Date, (i) such Borrower shall pay to the Administrative Agent the aggregate amount necessary to prepay that portion of the outstanding Tranche B Term Loans in respect of which Tranche B Lenders have accepted prepayment as described above (such Lenders, the "Accepting Lenders"), and such amount shall be applied to reduce the Tranche B Repayment Amounts with respect to each Accepting Lender and
(ii) such Borrower shall pay to the Administrative Agent an amount equal to the portion of the Tranche B Prepayment Amount not accepted by the Accepting Lenders, and such amount shall be applied first, to the prepayment of the Tranche A Term Loans, and second, to reduce permanently the Revolving Credit Commitments with corresponding prepayments of the Revolving Credit Loans in the manner set forth in the second sentence of Section 3.5(d).

(e) All payments (including prepayments) to be made by a Borrower hereunder, whether on account of principal, interest, fees or otherwise, shall be made without setoff or counterclaim and (except to the extent otherwise set forth herein) shall be made (i) with respect to payments by the Company on account of amounts denominated in Dollars, prior to 12:00 Noon, New York City time, on the due date thereof to the Administrative Agent, for the account of the relevant Lenders, at the Payment Office, in Dollars and in immediately available funds, (ii) with respect to payments by the Company on account of amounts denominated in Optional Currencies and with respect to payments by any Borrowing Subsidiary, prior to 12:00 Noon, London time, on the due date thereof to the Administrative Agent, for the account of the relevant Lenders, at the Payment Office, in the relevant Optional Currency or in Dollars (as applicable) and in immediately available funds. Payments received by the Administrative Agent after such specified time shall be deemed to have been received on the next Business Day. The Administrative Agent shall distribute such payments to the Lenders promptly upon receipt in like funds as received. If any payment hereunder (other than payments on the Eurocurrency Loans) becomes due and payable on a day other than a Business Day, such payment shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day. If any payment on a Eurocurrency Loan becomes due and payable on a day other than a Business Day, the maturity thereof shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day unless the result of such extension would be to extend such payment into another calendar month, in which event such payment shall be made on the immediately preceding Business Day. In the case of any extension of any payment of principal pursuant to the preceding two sentences, interest thereon shall be payable at the then applicable rate during such extension. All payments hereunder shall be made in Dollars, or, in the case of Eurocurrency Loans (and interest thereon) outstanding in any Optional Currency, such Optional Currency.


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(f) Unless the Administrative Agent shall have been notified in writing by any Lender prior to a borrowing that such Lender will not make the amount that would constitute its share of such borrowing available to the Administrative Agent, the Administrative Agent may assume that such Lender is making such amount available to the Administrative Agent, and the Administrative Agent may, in reliance upon such assumption, make available to the relevant Borrower a corresponding amount. If such amount is not made available to the Administrative Agent by the required time on the Borrowing Date therefor, such Lender shall pay to the Administrative Agent, on demand, such amount with interest thereon at a rate equal to the rate of interest which reflects the cost to the Administrative Agent of obtaining funds of the type utilized to fund such amount for the period until such Lender makes such amount immediately available to the Administrative Agent. A certificate of the Administrative Agent submitted to any Lender with respect to any amounts owing under this Section 3.11(f) shall be conclusive in the absence of manifest error. If such Lender's share of such borrowing is not made available to the Administrative Agent by such Lender within three Business Days of such Borrowing Date, the Administrative Agent shall also be entitled to recover such amount with interest thereon at the rate per annum applicable to Base Rate Loans or Foreign Alternate Rate Loans, as the case may be, under the relevant Facility, on demand, from the relevant Borrower. Any failure by a Lender to fund its share of any borrowing required hereunder shall not relieve any other Lender of its obligation to fund its ratable share of such borrowing as required hereunder.

(g) Unless the Administrative Agent shall have been notified in writing by a Borrower prior to the date of any payment being made hereunder that such Borrower will not make such payment to the Administrative Agent, the Administrative Agent may assume that such Borrower is making such payment, and the Administrative Agent may, but shall not be required to, in reliance upon such assumption, make available to the relevant Lenders their respective pro

rata shares of a corresponding amount. If such payment is not made to the

Administrative Agent by such Borrower within three Business Days of such required date, the Administrative Agent shall be entitled to recover, on demand, from each Lender to which any amount which was made available pursuant to the preceding sentence, such amount with interest thereon at the rate per annum equal to the rate of interest which reflects the cost to the Administrative Agent of obtaining funds of the type utilized to fund any such amount. Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the rights of the Administrative Agent or any Lender against any Borrower.

(h) Notwithstanding any other provision contained herein, in the event that any Revolving Credit Lender gives three Business Days' prior notice to the Administrative Agent that it is unable to fund Revolving Credit Loans which are Eurocurrency Loans or Foreign Alternate Rate Loans in any Optional Currency at a reasonable cost to it, the Administrative Agent shall, until such notice is withdrawn and to the extent necessary in order to excuse such Revolving Credit Lender from making any Revolving Credit Loans in such Optional Currency, reallocate from time to time among the Revolving Credit Lenders the outstanding Revolving Credit Loans in such Optional Currency based on the Revolving Credit Percentages; provided that, no Revolving Credit Lender shall be required to make Revolving Credit Loans in excess of its Revolving Credit Commitment; provided, further, that, in the event that the Revolving Credit Lenders the Revolving Credit Percentages of which aggregate at least 51% give such notice to the Administrative Agent, the Revolving Credit Lenders shall not be required to make any Revolving Credit Loans in such Optional

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Currency until any such notices have been withdrawn so that the Revolving Credit Lenders the Revolving Credit Percentages of which aggregate at least 51% have either not given any such notice or have withdrawn any such notice.

3.12 Requirements of Law. (a) If the adoption of or any change in any Requirement of Law or in the interpretation or application thereof or compliance by any Lender with any request or directive (whether or not having the force of law) from any central bank or other Governmental Authority made subsequent to the date hereof:

(i) shall subject any Lender to any tax of any kind whatsoever with respect to this Agreement, any Letter of Credit, any Application or any Eurocurrency Loan made by it, or change the basis of taxation of payments to such Lender in respect thereof (except for Non-Excluded Taxes covered by Section 3.13 and changes in the rate of tax on the overall net income of such Lender);

(ii) shall impose, modify or hold applicable any reserve, special deposit, compulsory loan or similar requirement against assets held by, deposits or other liabilities in or for the account of, advances, loans or other extensions of credit by, or any other acquisition of funds by, any office of such Lender which is not otherwise included in the determination of the Eurocurrency Rate hereunder; or

(iii) shall impose on such Lender any other condition;

and the result of any of the foregoing is to increase the cost to such Lender, by an amount which such Lender deems to be material, of making, converting into, continuing or maintaining Eurocurrency Loans or issuing or participating in Letters of Credit, or to reduce any amount receivable hereunder in respect thereof, then, in any such case, the relevant Borrower shall promptly pay such Lender, upon its demand, any additional amounts necessary to compensate such Lender on an after-tax basis for such increased cost or reduced amount receivable. If any Lender becomes entitled to claim any additional amounts pursuant to this Section 3.12, it shall promptly notify the relevant Borrower (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) of the event by reason of which it has become so entitled.

(b) If any Lender shall have determined that the adoption of or any change in any Requirement of Law regarding capital adequacy or in the interpretation or application thereof or compliance by such Lender or any corporation controlling such Lender with any request or directive regarding capital adequacy (whether or not having the force of law) from any Governmental Authority made subsequent to the date hereof shall have the effect of reducing the rate of return on such Lender's or such corporation's capital as a consequence of its obligations hereunder or under or in respect of any Letter of Credit to a level below that which such Lender or such corporation could have achieved but for such adoption, change or compliance (taking into consideration such Lender's or such corporation's policies with respect to capital adequacy) by an amount deemed by such Lender to be material, then from time to time, after submission by such Lender to the relevant Borrower (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) of a written request therefor, such Borrower shall pay to such Lender such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Lender on an after-tax basis for such reduction.


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(c) A certificate as to any additional amounts payable pursuant to this Section 3.12 submitted by any Lender to a Borrower (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) shall be conclusive in the absence of manifest error. The obligations of each Borrower pursuant to this Section 3.12 shall survive the termination of this Agreement and the payment of the Loans and all other amounts payable hereunder.

3.13 Taxes. (a) All payments made by any Borrower under this Agreement shall be made free and clear of, and without deduction or withholding for or on account of, any present or future income, stamp or other taxes, levies, imposts, duties, charges, fees, deductions or withholdings, now or hereafter imposed, levied, collected, withheld or assessed by any Governmental Authority, excluding net income taxes and franchise taxes (imposed in lieu of net income taxes) imposed on any Agent or any Lender as a result of a present or former connection between such Agent or such Lender and the jurisdiction of the Governmental Authority imposing such tax or any political subdivision or taxing authority thereof or therein (other than any such connection arising solely from such Agent or such Lender having executed, delivered or performed its obligations or received a payment under, or enforced, this Agreement or any other Loan Document). If any such non-excluded taxes, levies, imposts, duties, charges, fees, deductions or withholdings ("Non-Excluded Taxes") or Other Taxes are required to be withheld from any amounts payable to any Agent or any Lender hereunder, the amounts so payable to such Agent or such Lender shall be increased to the extent necessary to yield to such Agent or such Lender (after payment of all Non-Excluded Taxes and Other Taxes) interest or any such other amounts payable hereunder at the rates or in the amounts specified in this Agreement, provided, however, that the Borrowers shall not be required to increase any such amounts payable to any Lender with respect to any Non-Excluded Taxes (i) that are attributable to such Lender's failure to comply with the requirements of paragraph (d) or (e) of this Section or (ii) that are United States withholding taxes imposed on amounts payable to such Lender at the time the Lender becomes a party to this Agreement, except to the extent that such Lender's assignor (if any) was entitled, at the time of assignment, to receive additional amounts from a Borrower with respect to such Non-Excluded Taxes pursuant to Section 3.13(a).

(b) In addition, the relevant Borrower shall pay any Other Taxes to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with applicable law.

(c) Whenever any Non-Excluded Taxes or Other Taxes are payable by a Borrower, as promptly as possible thereafter such Borrower shall send to the Administrative Agent for the account of the relevant Agent or Lender, as the case may be, a certified copy of an original official receipt received by such Borrower showing payment thereof. If such Borrower fails to pay any Non-Excluded Taxes or Other Taxes when due to the appropriate taxing authority or fails to remit to the Agents the required receipts or other required documentary evidence, such Borrower shall indemnify the Administrative Agent and the Lenders for any incremental taxes, interest or penalties that may become payable by any Agent or any Lender as a result of any such failure. The agreements in this
Section 3.13 shall survive the termination of this Agreement and the payment of the Loans and all other amounts payable hereunder.

(d) Each Lender (or Transferee) that is not a citizen or resident of the United States of America, a corporation, partnership or other entity created or organized in or under the laws of the United States of America (or any jurisdiction thereof), or any estate or trust


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that is subject to federal income taxation regardless of the source of its income (a "Non-U.S. Lender") shall deliver to the Company and the Administrative Agent (or, in the case of a Participant, to the Lender from which the related participation shall have been purchased) two copies of either U.S. Internal Revenue Service Form 1001 or Form 4224, or, in the case of a Non-U.S. Lender claiming exemption from U.S. federal withholding tax under Section 871(h) or 881(c) of the Code with respect to payments of "portfolio interest" a statement substantially in the form of Exhibit H and a Form W-8, or any subsequent versions thereof or successors thereto properly completed and duly executed by such Non-U.S. Lender claiming complete exemption from, or a reduced rate of, U.S. federal withholding tax on all payments by the Company under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents. Such forms shall be delivered by each Non-U.S. Lender on or before the date it becomes a party to this Agreement (or, in the case of any Participant, on or before the date such Participant purchases the related participation). In addition, each Non-U.S. Lender shall deliver such forms promptly upon the obsolescence or invalidity of any form previously delivered by such Non-U.S. Lender. Each Non-U.S. Lender shall promptly notify the Company at any time it determines that it is no longer in a position to provide any previously delivered certificate to the Company (or any other form of certification adopted by the U.S. taxing authorities for such purpose). Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section 3.13(d), a Non-U.S. Lender shall not be required to deliver any form pursuant to this Section 3.13(d) that such Non-U.S. Lender is not legally able to deliver.

(e) A Lender that is entitled to an exemption from or reduction of non-U.S. withholding tax under the law of the jurisdiction in which the relevant Borrower is located, or any treaty to which such jurisdiction is a party, with respect to payments under this Agreement shall deliver to the relevant Borrower (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), at the time or times prescribed by applicable law or reasonably requested by the relevant Borrower, such properly completed and executed documentation prescribed by applicable law as will permit such payments to be made without withholding or at a reduced rate, provided that such Lender shall only be required to complete, execute and deliver such documentation if in such Lender's reasonable judgment such completion, execution or submission would not materially prejudice the legal position of such Lender.

3.14 Indemnity. Each Borrower agrees to indemnify each Lender and to hold each Lender harmless from any loss or expense which such Lender may sustain or incur as a consequence of (a) default by such Borrower in making a borrowing of, conversion into or continuation of Eurocurrency Loans after such Borrower has given a notice requesting the same in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, (b) default by such Borrower in making any prepayment after such Borrower has given a notice thereof in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement or (c) the making of a prepayment of Eurocurrency Loans on a day which is not the last day of an Interest Period with respect thereto. Such indemnification may include an amount equal to the excess, if any, of (i) the amount of interest which would have accrued on the amount so prepaid, or not so borrowed, converted or continued, for the period from the date of such prepayment or of such failure to borrow, convert or continue to the last day of such Interest Period (or, in the case of a failure to borrow, convert or continue, the Interest Period that would have commenced on the date of such failure) in each case at the applicable rate of interest for such Loans provided for herein (excluding, however, the Applicable Margin included therein, if any) over (ii) the amount of interest (as reasonably determined by such Lender) which

would have accrued to such Lender on such amount by placing such amount on deposit for a comparable period with

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leading banks in the interbank eurocurrency market. A certificate as to any amounts payable pursuant to this Section 3.14 submitted to a Borrower by any Lender shall be conclusive in the absence of manifest error. This covenant shall survive the termination of this Agreement and the payment of the Loans and all other amounts payable hereunder.

3.15 Illegality. Notwithstanding any other provision herein, if the adoption of or any change in any Requirement of Law or in the interpretation or application thereof shall make it unlawful for any Lender to make or maintain Eurocurrency Loans as contemplated by this Agreement, (a) the commitment of such Lender hereunder to make Eurocurrency Loans, continue Eurocurrency Loans as such and convert Base Rate Loans or Foreign Alternate Rate Loans to Eurocurrency Loans shall forthwith be cancelled and (b) such Lender's Loans then outstanding as Eurocurrency Loans, if any, shall be converted automatically to Base Rate Loans (in the case of Loans denominated in Dollars) or Foreign Alternate Rate Loans (in the case of Loans denominated in any Optional Currency) on the respective last days of the then current Interest Periods with respect to such Loans or within such earlier period as required by law. If any such conversion of a Eurocurrency Loan occurs on a day which is not the last day of the then current Interest Period with respect thereto, the relevant Borrower shall pay to such Lender such amounts, if any, as may be required pursuant to Section 3.14.

3.16 Change of Lending Office. Each Lender agrees that, upon the occurrence of any event giving rise to the operation of Section 3.12 or 3.13(a) with respect to such Lender, it will, if requested by the relevant Borrower, use reasonable efforts (subject to overall policy considerations of such Lender) to designate another lending office for any Loans affected by such event with the object of avoiding the consequences of such event; provided, that such designation is made on terms that, in the sole judgment of such Lender, cause such Lender and its lending office(s) to suffer no economic, legal or regulatory disadvantage, and provided, further, that nothing in this Section 3.16 shall affect or postpone any of the obligations of any Borrower or the rights of any Lender pursuant to Section 3.12 or 3.13(a).

3.17 Replacement of Lenders under Certain Circumstances. Any Borrower shall be permitted to replace any Lender which (a) requests reimbursement for amounts owing pursuant to Section 3.12 or 3.13 or (b) defaults in its obligation to make Loans hereunder, with a replacement financial institution; provided that (i) such replacement does not conflict with any Requirement of Law, (ii) no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing at the time of such replacement, (iii) prior to any such replacement, such Lender shall have taken no action under Section 3.16 so as to eliminate the continued need for payment of amounts owing pursuant to Section 3.12 or 3.13,
(iv) the replacement financial institution shall purchase, at par, all Loans and other amounts owing to such replaced Lender on or prior to the date of replacement, (v) such Borrower shall be liable to such replaced Lender under
Section 3.14 if any Eurocurrency Loan owing to such replaced Lender shall be purchased other than on the last day of the Interest Period relating thereto,
(vi) the replacement financial institution, if not already a Lender, shall be reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, (vii) the replaced Lender shall be obligated to make such replacement in accordance with the provisions of
Section 12.6 (provided that such Borrower shall be obligated to pay the registration and processing fee referred to therein), (viii) until such time as such replacement shall be consummated, such Borrower shall pay all additional amounts (if any) required pursuant to Section 3.12 or 3.13, as the case may be, and (ix) any

55

such replacement shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any rights which such Borrower, the Administrative Agent or any other Lender shall have against the replaced Lender.

3.18 Controls; Currency Exchange Rate Fluctuations. (a) The Company will implement and maintain internal controls to monitor the borrowings and repayments of Loans by the Borrowers, with the object of preventing any request for a Loan that would result in a breach of any of the aggregate or individual limits or sub-limits set forth in this Agreement with respect to the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit, the Designated Maximum of any individual Borrowing Subsidiary or the Currency Maximum of any Optional Currency and of promptly identifying and remedying any circumstance where, by reason of changes in exchange rates, any of such limits or sub-limits shall have been breached. In the event that at any time the Company determines that by reason of currency exchange rates any of such limits or sub-limits shall have been breached, in each case, by more than 5%, the Company will promptly notify the Administrative Agent.

(b) The Administrative Agent will calculate the Aggregate Exposures with respect to all of the Lenders on each date on which a borrowing is requested or a Loan is converted or continued hereunder and on any other date in its sole discretion.

(c) In the event that on any date the Administrative Agent calculates that any of such limits or sub-limits shall have been breached, in each case, by more than 5% or would be breached by any requested borrowing or issuance of a Letter of Credit, the Administrative Agent will give notice to such effect to the Company and the Lenders (except in the case of a breach which would result from the making of a requested borrowing or the issuance of a requested Letter of Credit, in which case, the Administrative Agent shall notify the requesting Borrower (with a copy to the Company) that because of such potential breach the requested borrowing or issuance will not be made). Within five Business Days after receipt of such notice, the Company will, or will cause the Borrowing Subsidiaries to, make such repayments or prepayments of Loans (together with interest accrued to the date of such repayment or prepayment) as shall be necessary to eliminate any excess above any such limit or sub-limit, unless by the time such repayment or prepayment is required to be made, such limit or sub- limit is no longer breached by reason of currency exchange rate fluctuations. If by virtue of the second sentence of this paragraph (c) any such repayment or prepayment of a Eurocurrency Loan pursuant to this Section occurs on a day which is not the last day of the then current Interest Period with respect thereto, the Company shall pay to the Lenders such amounts, if any, as may be required pursuant to Section 3.14.

3.19 European Monetary Union. (a) If, as a result of the implementation of European monetary union, (i) any currency ceases to be lawful currency of the nation issuing the same and is replaced by a European single currency or (ii) any currency and a European single currency are at the same time recognized by the central bank or comparable authority of the nation issuing such currency as lawful currency of such nation and the Administrative Agent or the Required Foreign Lenders shall so request in a notice delivered to the Company, then any amount payable hereunder by the Lenders to any Borrower, or by any Borrower to the Lenders, in such currency shall instead be payable in the European single currency and the amount so payable shall be determined by translating the amount payable in such currency to such European single currency at the exchange rate recognized by the European Central Bank for the purpose of implementing European monetary union.

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(b) The Company agrees, at the request of any Lender, to compensate such Lender for any reasonable loss, cost, expense or reduction in return that shall be incurred or sustained by such Lender (other than through such Lender's gross negligence or willful misconduct) as a result of the implementation of European monetary union, that would not have been incurred or sustained but for the transactions provided for herein and that, to the extent that such loss, cost, expense or reduction is of a type generally applicable to extensions of credit similar to the extensions of credit hereunder, is generally being requested from borrowers subject to similar provisions. A certificate of a Lender setting forth (x) the amount or amounts necessary to compensate such Lender (y) describing the nature of the loss or expense sustained or incurred by such Lender as a consequence thereof and (z) setting forth a reasonably detailed explanation of the calculation thereof shall be delivered to the Company and shall be conclusive absent manifest error. The Company shall pay such Lender the amount shown as due on any such certificate within 10 days after receipt thereof.

(c) The Company agrees, at the request of the Required Foreign Lenders, at the time of or at any time following the implementation of European monetary union, to enter into an agreement amending this Agreement in such manner as the Required Foreign Lenders shall specify in order to reflect the implementation of such monetary union to place the parties hereto in the position they would have been in had such monetary union not been implemented.

3.20 Reporting Requirements of Swing Line Lenders and Issuing
Lenders. (a) Within two Business Days following the last day of each calendar month, each Swing Line Lender shall deliver to the Administrative Agent a statement showing the average daily principal amount of the Swing Line Loans outstanding in each currency during the calendar quarter most recently ended.

(b) Within two Business Days following the last day of each calendar month, each Issuing Lender shall deliver to the Administrative Agent a report detailing all activity during the preceding month with respect to any Letters of Credit issued by any such Issuing Lender, including the face amount, the account party, the beneficiary and the expiration date of such Letters of Credit and any other information with respect thereto as may be requested by the Administrative Agent.

SECTION 4. LETTERS OF CREDIT

4.1 L/C Commitment. (a) Subject to the terms and conditions hereof, each of the Issuing Lenders, in reliance on the agreements of the other Revolving Credit Lenders set forth in Section 4.3(a), agrees to issue letters of credit ("Letters of Credit") for the account of any of the Borrowers (the Borrower for whose account such Letter of Credit shall have been issued, the "Account Party") on any Business Day during the Revolving Credit Commitment Period in such form as may be approved from time to time by the Issuing Lender; provided that the Issuing Lender shall have no obligation to issue any Letter of Credit for the account of any Borrower if, after giving effect to such issuance
(i) the Dollar Equivalent of the L/C Obligations would exceed the L/C Commitment, (ii) the aggregate amount of the Available Revolving Credit Commitments would be less than zero, (iii) in the case of a Letter of Credit requested to be issued in an Optional Currency, the Dollar Equivalent of the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit with respect to such Optional Currency would exceed the Currency

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Maximum with respect to any Optional Currency or (iv) the Dollar Equivalent of the Total Revolving Extensions of Credit with respect to such Borrowing Subsidiary would exceed such Borrowing Subsidiary's Designated Maximum. Each Letter of Credit shall (i) be denominated in Dollars or any Optional Currency and (ii) expire no later than the earlier of (x) the first anniversary of its date of issuance and (y) the date which is five Business Days prior to the Scheduled Revolving Credit Termination Date, provided that any Letter of Credit with a one-year term may provide for the renewal thereof for additional one-year periods (which shall in no event extend beyond the date referred to in clause
(y) above).

(b) The Issuing Lender shall not at any time be obligated to issue any Letter of Credit hereunder if such issuance would conflict with, or cause the Issuing Lender or any L/C Participant to exceed any limits imposed by, any applicable Requirement of Law.

4.2 Procedure for Issuance of Letters of Credit. Each Borrower may from time to time request that the Issuing Lender issue a Letter of Credit by delivering to the Issuing Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) at its address for notices specified herein an Application therefor, completed to the satisfaction of the Issuing Lender, and such other certificates, documents and other papers and information as the Issuing Lender may request. Upon receipt of any Application, the Issuing Lender will process such Application and the certificates, documents and other papers and information delivered to it in connection therewith in accordance with its customary procedures and shall promptly issue the Letter of Credit requested thereby (but in no event shall the Issuing Lender be required to issue any Letter of Credit earlier than three Business Days after its receipt of the Application therefor and all such other certificates, documents and other papers and information relating thereto) by issuing the original of such Letter of Credit to the beneficiary thereof or as otherwise may be agreed to by the Issuing Lender and the Account Party. The Issuing Lender shall furnish a copy of such Letter of Credit to the Account Party promptly following the issuance thereof. The Issuing Lender shall promptly furnish to the Administrative Agent, which shall in turn promptly furnish to the Revolving Credit Lenders, notice of the issuance of each Letter of Credit (including the amount thereof).

4.3 L/C Participations. (a) The Issuing Lender irrevocably agrees to grant and hereby grants to each L/C Participant, and, to induce the Issuing Lender to issue Letters of Credit hereunder, each L/C Participant irrevocably agrees to accept and purchase and hereby accepts and purchases from the Issuing Lender, on the terms and conditions hereinafter stated, for such L/C Participant's own account and risk an undivided interest equal to such L/C Participant's Revolving Credit Percentage in the Issuing Lender's obligations and rights under each Letter of Credit issued hereunder and the amount of each draft paid by the Issuing Lender thereunder. Each L/C Participant unconditionally and irrevocably agrees with the Issuing Lender that, if a draft is paid under any Letter of Credit for which the Issuing Lender is not reimbursed in full by the Account Party in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, such L/C Participant shall pay to the Issuing Lender upon demand at the Issuing Lender's address for notices specified herein an amount equal to such L/C Participant's Revolving Credit Percentage of the amount of such draft, or any part thereof, which is not so reimbursed.

(b) If any amount required to be paid by any L/C Participant to the Issuing Lender pursuant to Section 4.3(a) in respect of any unreimbursed portion of any payment made by the Issuing Lender under any Letter of Credit is paid to the Issuing Lender within


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three Business Days after the date such payment is due, such L/C Participant shall pay to the Issuing Lender on demand an amount equal to the product of (i) such amount, times (ii) the rate of interest which reflects the cost to the Issuing Lender of obtaining funds of the type utilized to fund such payment during the period from and including the date such payment is required to the date on which such payment is immediately available to the Issuing Lender, times
(iii) a fraction the numerator of which is the number of days that elapse during such period and the denominator of which is 360. If any such amount required to be paid by any L/C Participant pursuant to Section 4.3(a) is not made available to the Issuing Lender by such L/C Participant within three Business Days after the date such payment is due, the Issuing Lender shall be entitled to recover from such L/C Participant, on demand, such amount with interest thereon calculated from such due date at the rate per annum applicable to Eurocurrency Loans under the Revolving Credit Facility. A certificate of the Issuing Lender submitted to any L/C Participant with respect to any amounts owing under this
Section shall be conclusive in the absence of manifest error.

(c) Whenever, at any time after the Issuing Lender has made payment under any Letter of Credit and has received from any L/C Participant its pro

rata share of such payment in accordance with Section 4.3(a), the Issuing Lender

receives any payment related to such Letter of Credit (whether directly from the Account Party or otherwise, including proceeds of collateral applied thereto by the Issuing Lender), or any payment of interest on account thereof, the Issuing Lender will distribute to such L/C Participant its pro rata share thereof;

provided, however, that in the event that any such payment received by the Issuing Lender shall be required to be returned by the Issuing Lender, such L/C Participant shall return to the Issuing Lender the portion thereof previously distributed by the Issuing Lender to it.

(d) Each Borrower hereby irrevocably and unconditionally authorizes the Issuing Lender to convert into Dollars (at the actual exchange rate then available to it) all amounts then owing to it on account of any Letter of Credit which is denominated in an Optional Currency other than Marks, Pounds or Francs and is not reimbursed by the relevant Account Party in a timely manner and otherwise in accordance with the provisions of Section 4.4. Such Issuing Lender and each L/C Participant hereby irrevocably and unconditionally agrees that (i) no L/C Participant shall have any obligation to make any payments or purchase any participating interests contemplated by Section 4.3(b) or (c) on account of such Letter of Credit until such time as such Issuing Lender has effected the conversion described above and provided written notice to the Administrative Agent (which shall promptly forward such notice to the L/C Participants) of the amount of Dollars owing to it as a result of such conversion and (ii) from and after the date upon which such conversion is effected, the obligations of the L/C Participants under Sections 4.3(b) and (c) shall be satisfied only by the payment to such Issuing Lender of such L/C Participant's Revolving Credit Percentage of the amount of Dollars so notified to the Administrative Agent.

(e) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this
Section 4.4, no Revolving Credit Lender shall be required to acquire a participating interest in a Letter of Credit if an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing at the time such Letter of Credit was issued and such Revolving Credit Lender shall have notified the Administrative Agent in writing, at least one Business Day prior to the issuance date with respect to such Letter of Credit, that such Event of Default has occurred and that such Revolving Credit


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Lender will not acquire participations in Letters of Credit issued while such Event of Default is continuing.

4.4 Reimbursement Obligation With Respect to Letters of Credit. The Account Party agrees to reimburse the Issuing Lender on each date on which the Issuing Lender notifies the Account Party of the date and amount of a draft presented under any Letter of Credit and paid by the Issuing Lender for the amount of (a) such draft so paid and (b) any taxes, fees, charges or other costs or expenses incurred by the Issuing Lender in connection with such payment. Each such payment shall be made to the Issuing Lender at its address for notices specified herein in the currency in which such Letter of Credit was denominated and in immediately available funds. Interest shall be payable on any and all amounts remaining unpaid by the Account Party under this Section from the date such amounts become payable (whether at stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise) until payment in full at the rate set forth in Section 3.8(d). Each drawing under any Letter of Credit denominated in Dollars or any Optional Currency shall (unless an event of the type described in clause (i) or (ii) of
Section 9(f) shall have occurred and be continuing with respect to the Account Party or the Company, in which case the procedures specified in Section 4.3 for funding by L/C Participants shall apply) constitute a request by the Account Party to the Administrative Agent for a borrowing pursuant to Section 2.5 of (i) in the case of Letters of Credit denominated in Dollars, Base Rate Loans (or, at the option of the Administrative Agent and the Swing Line Lender for Dollars in their sole discretion, a borrowing pursuant to Section 2.7 of Swing Line Loans in Dollars) in the amount of such drawing and (ii) in the case of Letters of Credit denominated in any Optional Currency, Eurocurrency Loans (or, at the option of the Administrative Agent and the Swing Line Lender for such Optional Currency in their sole discretion, a borrowing pursuant to Section 2.7 of Swing Line Loans in such Optional Currency) in the amount of such drawing. The Borrowing Date with respect to such borrowing shall be the date of such drawing.

4.5 Obligations Absolute. Each of the Borrower's obligations under this Section 4 shall be absolute and unconditional under any and all circumstances and irrespective of any setoff, counterclaim or defense to payment which such Borrower may have or have had against an Issuing Lender, any beneficiary of a Letter of Credit or any other Person. Each Borrower also agrees with the relevant Issuing Lender that such Issuing Lender shall not be responsible for, and such Borrower's Reimbursement Obligations under Section 4.4 shall not be affected by, among other things, the validity or genuineness of documents or of any endorsements thereon, even though such documents shall in fact prove to be invalid, fraudulent or forged, or any dispute between or among such Borrower and any beneficiary of any Letter of Credit or any other party to which such Letter of Credit may be transferred or any claims whatsoever of such Borrower against any beneficiary of such Letter of Credit or any such transferee. None of the Issuing Lenders shall be liable for any error, omission, interruption or delay in transmission, dispatch or delivery of any message or advice, however transmitted, in connection with any Letter of Credit, except for errors or omissions which have resulted from the gross negligence or willful misconduct of such Issuing Lender. Each Borrower agrees that any action taken or omitted by an Issuing Lender under or in connection with any Letter of Credit or the related drafts or documents, if done in the absence of gross negligence or willful misconduct and, if applicable, in accordance with the standards of care specified in the Uniform Commercial Code of the State of New York, shall be binding on such Borrower and shall not result in any liability of an Issuing Lender to such Borrower.

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4.6 Commissions, Fees and Other Charges. (a) The relevant Borrower will pay a commission on all outstanding Letters of Credit for its account at a per annum rate equal to the Applicable Margin then in effect with respect to Eurocurrency Loans under the Revolving Credit Facility, shared ratably among the Revolving Credit Lenders and payable quarterly in arrears on each L/C Fee Payment Date after the issuance date. In addition, such Borrower shall pay to the relevant Issuing Lender for its own account a fronting fee in an amount agreed between such Borrower and such Issuing Lender, payable quarterly in arrears on each L/C Fee Payment Date after the Issuance Date.

(b) In addition to the foregoing fees and commissions, the relevant Borrower shall pay or reimburse the relevant Issuing Lender for such normal and customary costs and expenses as are incurred or charged by such Issuing Lender in issuing, negotiating, effecting payment under, amending or otherwise administering any Letter of Credit.

4.7 Letter of Credit Payments. If any draft shall be presented for payment under any Letter of Credit, the relevant Issuing Lender shall promptly notify the relevant Borrower of the date and amount thereof. The responsibility of such Issuing Lender to the relevant Borrower in connection with any draft presented for payment under any Letter of Credit shall, in addition to any payment obligation expressly provided for in such Letter of Credit, be limited to determining that the documents (including each draft) delivered under such Letter of Credit in connection with such presentment are substantially in conformity with such Letter of Credit.

4.8 Applications. To the extent that any provision of any Application related to any Letter of Credit is inconsistent with the provisions of this Section 4, the provisions of this Section 4 shall apply.

4.9 Transitional Provisions. Schedule 1.1F contains described certain letters of credit issued prior to the date hereof for the account of the Company. On the Closing Date, (i) such letters of credit (to the extent outstanding and issued by a Lender hereunder in Francs, Marks, Pounds, Pesetas or Lira) shall be automatically and without further action by the parties thereto converted to Letters of Credit issued pursuant to this Section 4 for the account of the Company and subject to the provisions hereof, and for this purpose the fees specified in 4.6 shall be payable (in substitution for any fees set forth in the reimbursement agreement relating to such letters of credit) as if such letters of credit had been issued on the Closing Date, (ii) the face amount of such letters of credit shall be included in the calculation of L/C Obligations, and (iii) all liabilities of the Company and its Subsidiaries with respect to such letters of credit shall constitute Obligations. No letter of credit converted in accordance with this Section 4.9 shall be amended, extended or renewed without the prior written consent of the Administrative Agent. Notwithstanding anything set forth in Section 4.1, to the extent that any letter of credit listed on Schedule 1.1F has an expiration date in excess of one year, such letter of credit shall continue in full force and effect pursuant to the terms hereof after the Closing Date through its stated expiration date (but shall be cash collateralized upon terms reasonably satisfactory to the relevant Issuing Bank during the period from the Termination Date through such stated expiration date).

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SECTION 5. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES

To induce the Agents and the Lenders to enter into this Agreement and to make the Loans and issue or participate in the Letters of Credit, each of the Borrowers hereby jointly and severally represent and warrant to each Agent and each Lender that:

5.1 Financial Condition. (a) The unaudited pro forma consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its consolidated Subsidiaries as at September 30, 1997 (including the notes thereto) (the "Pro Forma Balance Sheet"), copies of which have heretofore been furnished to each Lender, has been prepared giving effect (as if such events had occurred on such date) to the Loans to be made on the Closing Date and the use of proceeds thereof and the payment of fees and expenses in connection with the foregoing. The Pro Forma Balance Sheet has been prepared based on the best information available to the Company as of the date of delivery thereof, and presents fairly on a pro forma basis the estimated financial position of Company and its consolidated Subsidiaries as at September 30, 1997, assuming that the events specified in the preceding sentence had actually occurred at such date.

(b) The audited consolidated balance sheets of the Company and the unaudited consolidating balance sheets of the Company's U.S. operations and the Company's European operations, in each such case, as at March 31, 1996 and March 31, 1997, and the related consolidated and consolidating statements of income and of cash flows for the fiscal years ended on such dates, reported on by and accompanied by an unqualified report from (in the case of the consolidated statements only) Arthur Andersen LLP, present fairly the consolidated financial condition of the Company and the consolidating financial condition of the Company's U.S. operations and the Company's European operations, as at such date, and the consolidated and consolidating results of such operations and the related consolidated and consolidating cash flows for the respective fiscal years then ended. The unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Company and the unaudited consolidating balance sheet with respect to the Company's U.S. operations and the Company's European operations, in each such case, as at September 30, 1997, and the related unaudited consolidated and consolidating statements of income and cash flows for the six-month period ended on such date, present fairly the consolidated financial condition of the Company and the unaudited consolidating financial condition of the Company's U.S. operations and the Company's European operations as at such date, and the consolidated and consolidating results of such operations and the related consolidated and consolidating cash flows for the six-month period then ended (subject to normal year-end audit adjustments). All such financial statements, including the related schedules and notes thereto, have been prepared in accordance with GAAP applied consistently throughout the periods involved (except as approved by the aforementioned firm of accountants and disclosed therein). The Company and its Subsidiaries do not have any material Guarantee Obligations, contingent liabilities and liabilities for taxes, or any material long-term leases or unusual forward or long-term commitments, including, without limitation, any interest rate or foreign currency swap or exchange transaction or other obligation in respect of derivatives, which are not reflected in the most recent financial statements referred to in this paragraph (b). During the period from March 31, 1997 to and including the date hereof there has been no Disposition by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries of any material part of the business or Property of the Company and its Subsidiaries taken as a whole.


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5.2 No Change. Since March 31, 1997 there has been no development or event which has had or could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

5.3 Corporate Existence; Compliance with Law. Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries (a) is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization, (b) has the corporate power and authority, and the legal right, to own and operate its Property, to lease the Property it operates as lessee and to conduct the business in which it is currently engaged, (c) is duly qualified as a foreign corporation and in good standing under the laws of each jurisdiction where its ownership, lease or operation of Property or the conduct of its business requires such qualification except to the extent that the failure to be so qualified could not, in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect and (d) is in compliance with all Requirements of Law except to the extent that the failure to comply therewith could not, in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

5.4 Corporate Power; Authorization; Enforceable Obligations. Each Loan Party has the corporate power and authority, and the legal right, to make, deliver and perform the Loan Documents to which it is a party and, in the case of the Borrowers, to borrow hereunder. Each Loan Party has taken all necessary corporate action to authorize the execution, delivery and performance of the Loan Documents to which it is a party and, in the case of the Borrowers, to authorize the borrowings on the terms and conditions of this Agreement. No consent or authorization of, filing with, notice to or other act by or in respect of, any Governmental Authority or any other Person is required in connection with the borrowings hereunder or with the execution, delivery, performance, validity or enforceability of this Agreement or any of the Loan Documents, except (i) consents, authorizations, filings and notices described in Schedule 5.4, which consents, authorizations, filings and notices have been obtained or made and are in full force and effect and (ii) the filings referred to in Section 5.19. Each Loan Document has been duly executed and delivered on behalf of each Loan Party party thereto. This Agreement constitutes, and each other Loan Document upon execution will constitute, a legal, valid and binding obligation of each Loan Party party thereto, enforceable against each such Loan Party in accordance with its terms, except as enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors' rights generally and by general equitable principles (whether enforcement is sought by proceedings in equity or at law).

5.5 No Legal Bar. The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, the issuance of Letters of Credit, the borrowings hereunder and the use of the proceeds thereof will not violate any Requirement of Law or any Contractual Obligation of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and will not result in, or require, the creation or imposition of any Lien on any of their respective properties or revenues pursuant to any Requirement of Law or any such Contractual Obligation (other than the Liens created by the Security Documents). No Requirement of Law or Contractual Obligation applicable to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

5.6 No Material Litigation. No litigation, investigation or proceeding of or before any arbitrator or Governmental Authority is pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened by or against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or against any of

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their respective properties or revenues (a) with respect to any of the Loan Documents or any of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby, or (b) which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

5.7 No Default. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is in default under or with respect to any of its Contractual Obligations in any respect which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. No Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing.

5.8 Ownership of Property; Liens. Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries has title in fee simple to, or a valid leasehold interest in, all its real property, and good title to, or a valid leasehold interest in, all its other Property, and none of such Property is subject to any Lien except as permitted by Section 8.3.

5.9 Intellectual Property. The Company and each of its Subsidiaries owns, or is licensed to use, all Intellectual Property necessary for the conduct of its business as currently conducted. No material claim has been asserted and is pending by any Person challenging or questioning the use of any Intellectual Property or the validity or effectiveness of any Intellectual Property, nor does the Company know of any valid basis for any such claim. The use of Intellectual Property by the Company and its Subsidiaries does not infringe on the rights of any Person in any material respect.

5.10 Taxes. Each of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries has filed or caused to be filed all Federal, state and other material tax returns which are required to be filed and has paid all taxes shown to be due and payable on said returns or on any assessments made against it or any of its Property and all other taxes, fees or other charges imposed on it or any of its Property by any Governmental Authority (other than any the amount or validity of which are currently being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and with respect to which reserves in conformity with GAAP have been provided on the books of the Company or its Subsidiaries, as the case may be); no tax Lien has been filed, and, to the knowledge of the Company, no claim is being asserted, with respect to any such tax, fee or other charge.

5.11 Federal Regulations. No part of the proceeds of any Loans will be used for "purchasing" or "carrying" any "margin stock" within the respective meanings of each of the quoted terms under Regulation G or Regulation U as now and from time to time hereafter in effect or for any purpose which violates the provisions of the Regulations of the Board. If requested by any Lender or the Administrative Agent, the Company will furnish to the Administrative Agent and each Lender a statement to the foregoing effect in conformity with the requirements of FR Form G-3 or FR Form U-1 referred to in Regulation G or Regulation U, as the case may be.

5.12 Labor Matters. There are no strikes or other labor disputes against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened that (individually or in the aggregate) could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. Hours worked by and payment made to employees of the Company and its Subsidiaries have not been in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act or any other applicable Requirement of Law dealing with such matters that (individually or in the aggregate) could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. All payments

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due from the Company or any of its Subsidiaries on account of employee health and welfare insurance that (individually or in the aggregate) could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect if not paid have been paid or accrued as a liability on the books of the Company or the relevant Subsidiary.

5.13 ERISA. Neither a Reportable Event nor an "accumulated funding deficiency" (within the meaning of Section 412 of the Code or Section 302 of ERISA) has occurred during the five-year period prior to the date on which this representation is made or deemed made with respect to any Plan, and each Plan has complied in all material respects with the applicable provisions of ERISA and the Code. No termination of a Single Employer Plan has occurred, and no Lien in favor of the PBGC or a Plan has arisen, during such five-year period. The present value of all accrued benefits under each Single Employer Plan (based on those assumptions used to fund such Plans) did not, as of the last annual valuation date prior to the date on which this representation is made or deemed made, exceed the value of the assets of such Plan allocable to such accrued benefits by a material amount. Neither the Company nor any Commonly Controlled Entity has had a complete or partial withdrawal from any Multiemployer Plan which has resulted or could reasonably be expected to result in a material liability under ERISA, and neither the Company nor any Commonly Controlled Entity would become subject to any material liability under ERISA if the Company or any such Commonly Controlled Entity were to withdraw completely from all Multiemployer Plans as of the valuation date most closely preceding the date on which this representation is made or deemed made. No such Multiemployer Plan is in Reorganization or Insolvent.

5.14 Investment Company Act; Other Regulations. No Loan Party is an "investment company", or a company "controlled" by an "investment company", within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. No Loan Party is subject to regulation under any Requirement of Law (other than Regulation X of the Board) which limits its ability to incur Indebtedness.

5.15 Subsidiaries. The Subsidiaries listed on Schedule 5.15 constitute all the Subsidiaries of the Company at the date hereof.

5.16 Use of Proceeds. The proceeds of the Term Loans shall be used to refinance the Existing Credit Agreements and (other than the Term Loans made to the Borrowing Subsidiaries) to redeem the Senior 10-3/4% Notes and to pay related fees and expenses. The proceeds of the Revolving Credit Loans and the Swing Line Loans, and the Letters of Credit, shall be used for general corporate purposes.

5.17 Environmental Matters.

(a) The facilities and properties owned, leased or operated by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (the "Properties") do not contain any Materials of Environmental Concern in amounts or concentrations or under circumstances which (i) constitute or constituted a violation of, or (ii) could give rise to liability under, any Environmental Law, except in either case insofar as such violation or liability, or any aggregation thereof, could not reasonably be expected to result in the payment of a Material Environmental Amount.

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(b) The Properties and all operations at the Properties are in material compliance, and have in the last five years been in material compliance, with all applicable Environmental Laws, and there is no contamination at, under or about the Properties or violation of any Environmental Law with respect to the Properties or the business operated by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (the "Business") which could materially interfere with the continued operation of the Properties or materially impair the fair saleable value thereof. Except to the extent described in Schedule 5.17, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has assumed any liability of any other Person under Environmental Laws.

(c) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received or is aware of any notice of violation, alleged violation, non-compliance, liability or potential liability regarding environmental matters or compliance with Environmental Laws with regard to any of the Properties or the Business, nor does the Company have knowledge or reason to believe that any such notice will be received or is being threatened, except insofar as such notice or threatened notice, or any aggregation thereof, does not involve a matter or matters that could reasonably be expected to result in the payment of a Material Environmental Amount.

(d) Materials of Environmental Concern have not been transported or disposed of from the Properties in violation of, or in a manner or to a location which could give rise to liability under, any Environmental Law, nor have any Materials of Environmental Concern been generated, treated, stored or disposed of at, on or under any of the Properties in violation of, or in a manner that could give rise to liability under, any applicable Environmental Law, except insofar as any such violation or liability referred to in this paragraph, or any aggregation thereof, could not reasonably be expected to result in the payment of a Material Environmental Amount.

(e) No judicial proceeding or governmental or administrative action is pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened, under any Environmental Law to which the Company or any Subsidiary is or will be named as a party with respect to the Properties or the Business, nor are there any consent decrees or other decrees, consent orders, administrative orders or other orders, or other administrative or judicial requirements outstanding under any Environmental Law with respect to the Properties or the Business, except insofar as such proceeding, action, decree, order or other requirement, or any aggregation thereof, could not reasonably be expected to result in the payment of a Material Environmental Amount.

(f) There has been no release or threat of release of Materials of Environmental Concern at or from the Properties, or arising from or related to the operations of the Company or any Subsidiary in connection with the Properties or otherwise in connection with the Business, in violation of or in amounts or in a manner that could give rise to liability under Environmental Laws, except insofar as any such violation or liability referred to in this paragraph, or any aggregation thereof, could not reasonably be expected to result in the payment of a Material Environmental Amount.

5.18 Accuracy of Information, etc. No statement or information contained in this Agreement, any other Loan Document, the Confidential Information Memorandum or any other document, certificate or statement furnished to the Administrative Agent or the Lenders or any of them, by or on behalf of any Loan Party for use in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the other Loan Documents, contained as of

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the date such statement, information, document or certificate was so furnished (or, in the case of the Confidential Information Memorandum, as of the date of this Agreement), any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements contained herein or therein not misleading. The projections and pro forma financial information contained in the materials referenced above are based upon good faith estimates and assumptions believed by management of the Company to be reasonable at the time made, it being recognized by the Lenders that such financial information as it relates to future events is not to be viewed as fact and that actual results during the period or periods covered by such financial information may differ from the projected results set forth therein by a material amount. There is no fact known to any Loan Party that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect that has not been expressly disclosed herein, in the other Loan Documents, in the Confidential Information Memorandum or in any other documents, certificates and statements furnished to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders for use in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby and by the other Loan Documents.

5.19 Security Documents. (a) The Collateral Agreement is effective to create in favor of the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Lenders, a legal, valid and enforceable security interest in the Collateral described therein and proceeds thereof. When financing statements in appropriate form are filed in the offices specified on Schedule 5.19(a) and the Administrative Agent receives possession of the Pledged Securities (as defined therein), the Collateral Agreement shall, to the extent a security interest thereon can be perfected by the filing of financing statements or by such posssession, constitute a fully perfected Lien on, and security interest in, all right, title and interest of the Loan Parties in the Collateral described therein and the proceeds thereof, as security for the Obligations (as defined in the Collateral Agreement), in each case prior and superior in right to any other Person.

(b) Each Pledge Agreement constitutes a legal, valid and binding obligation of the pledgor party thereto, enforceable against it in accordance with its terms, except as enforceability may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors' rights generally and by general equitable principles. Except as set forth in the legal opinions provided to the Administrative Agent by counsel in the relevant jurisdictions pursuant to Section 6.1(m), the security interests in the capital stock or other equity interests or intercompany loans or receivables of each Subsidiary that is a Foreign Subsidiary pledged pursuant to the Pledge Agreements constitute valid, perfected first priority security interests on such Pledged Stock or intercompany loans or receivables, as the case may be (to the extent applicable under the relevant local laws or otherwise reasonably acceptable to the Agents), enforceable as such against all creditors of the respective pledgor and any Persons purporting to purchase any such Pledged Stock or intercompany loans or receivables, as the case may be, from the respective pledgor.

(c) (i) Each of the Mortgages is effective to create in favor of the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Lenders, a legal, valid and enforceable Lien on the Mortgaged Properties described therein and proceeds thereof, and when the Mortgages are filed in the offices specified on Schedule 5.19(b), each such Mortgage shall constitute a fully perfected Lien on, and security interest in, all right, title and interest of the Loan Parties in the Mortgaged Properties and the proceeds thereof, as security for the Obligations (as defined in the relevant Mortgage), in each case prior and superior in right to any other


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Person and (ii) each of the UK Mortgages is effective to create in favor of the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Lenders, a legal, valid and enforceable Lien on the real properties which are the subject of the UK Mortgages and proceeds thereof, and when appropriate steps under applicable law are taken, each UK Mortgage shall constitute a fully perfected Lien on, and security interest in, all right, title and interest of the Loan Parties in such properties and the proceeds thereof, as security for the Obligations, in each case prior and superior in right to any other Person.

(d) With respect to each survey of the Mortgaged Properties more particularly described on Schedule 1.1H (each, a "Survey"), there have been no changes made to any of the premises shown on any such Survey and/or the improvements situated on such premises subsequent to the date of such Survey as set forth on Schedule 1.1H and accordingly, each such Survey remains representative of the present configuration of such premises and/or improvements.

5.20 Solvency. Each Loan Party is, and after giving effect to the incurrence of all Indebtedness and obligations being incurred in connection herewith will be and will continue to be, Solvent.

5.21 Senior Indebtedness. The Obligations constitute "Senior Indebtedness" of the Company and the Borrowing Subsidiaries under and as defined in the Convertible Indenture.

SECTION 6. CONDITIONS PRECEDENT

6.1 Conditions to Initial Extension of Credit. The agreement of each Lender to make the initial extension of credit requested to be made by it is subject to the satisfaction, prior to or concurrently with the making of such extension of credit on the Closing Date, of the following conditions precedent:

(a) Loan Documents. The Administrative Agent shall have received (i) this Agreement, executed and delivered by a duly authorized officer of each of the Borrowers and each of the Guarantors, (ii) the Collateral Agreement, executed and delivered by a duly authorized officer of the Company and each Domestic Subsidiary Guarantor, (iii) a Mortgage covering each of the Mortgaged Properties, executed and delivered by a duly authorized officer of each party thereto, (iv) a UK Mortgage covering each of the properties which are the subject thereof, executed and delivered by a duly authorized officer of each party thereto, (v) each of the Pledge Agreements, executed and delivered by a duly authorized officer of each pledgor party thereto,
(vi) the Collateral Agency and Intercreditor Agreement, executed and delivered by a duly authorized officer of the Company and (vii) for the account of each Lender which has so requested, Notes conforming to the requirements hereof and executed and delivered by a duly authorized officer of the relevant Borrower.

(b) Pro Forma Balance Sheet; Financial Statements. The Lenders shall have received (i) the Pro Forma Balance Sheet and (ii) the financial statements referred to in Section 5.1(b), and such financial statements shall not, in the reasonable judgment of the Lenders, reflect any material adverse change in the consolidated financial

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condition of the Company, as reflected in the financial statements or projections contained in the Confidential Information Memorandum.

(c) Approvals. All governmental and third party approvals (including landlords' and other consents) necessary in connection with the continuing operations of the Company and its Subsidiaries and the transactions contemplated hereby shall have been obtained and be in full force and effect, and all applicable waiting periods shall have expired without any action being taken or threatened by any competent authority which would restrain, prevent or otherwise impose adverse conditions on the financing contemplated hereby.

(d) Existing Credit Agreements. All amounts outstanding under the Existing Credit Agreements shall have been assumed, absorbed and refinanced by the Loans and other extensions of credit hereunder, and all collateral security (other than the Mortgages) provided on account of the Existing Facilities shall have been released.

(e) Redemption of Senior 10-3/4% Notes. The Agents shall have received forms of documents to be used in connection with the Company's call for redemption of the Senior 10-3/4% Notes and shall be satisfied that such call will be made promptly following the Closing Date (with the Company hereby covenanting and agreeing to effect such call within 30 days following the Closing Date).

(f) Sale and Leaseback Facility. The Company shall have received net cash proceeds of at least $40,000,000 from the GE Sale/Leaseback under terms satisfactory to the Agents.

(g) Fees. The Lenders, the Syndication Agent and the Administrative

Agent shall have received all fees required to be paid, and all expenses for which invoices have been presented, on or before the Closing Date.

(h) Business Plan. The Lenders shall have received a satisfactory business plan for fiscal years 1998-2006 and a satisfactory written analysis of the business and prospects of the Company and its Subsidiaries for the period from the Closing Date through the final maturity of the Term Loans.

(i) Capital Structure. The legal and capital structure of the Loan Parties shall be satisfactory to the Agents.

(j) Lien Searches. The Administrative Agent shall have received the results of a recent lien search in each of the domestic jurisdictions where assets of the Loan Parties are located, and such search shall reveal no liens on any of the assets of the Company or its Subsidiaries except for liens permitted by Section 8.3 or liens to be discharged on or prior to the Closing Date pursuant to documentation satisfactory to the Agents.

(k) Environmental Reports. The Administrative Agent shall have received the environmental reports with respect to the real properties owned or leased by the Company and its Subsidiaries issued by Pilko & Associates, Inc. in May 1997, with respect to the Company's European operations, and October 1997, with respect to the

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Company's North American operations, and such reports shall be addressed to the Agents.

(l) Closing Certificate. The Administrative Agent shall have received, with a counterpart for each Lender, a certificate of each Loan Party, dated the Closing Date, substantially in the form of Exhibit I (or such other form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent), with appropriate insertions and attachments.

(m) Legal Opinions. The Administrative Agent shall have received the following executed legal opinions:

(i) the legal opinion of Kirkland & Ellis, counsel to the Company and its Subsidiaries, substantially in the form of Exhibit J; and

(ii) the legal opinion of local counsel in each jurisdiction where (i) a Borrowing Subsidiary, (ii) a pledgor party to a Pledge Agreement, (iii) an issuer whose stock is being pledged pursuant to a Pledge Agreement or (iv) a Subsidiary Guarantor is organized and of such other special and local counsel as may be required by the Administrative Agent (other than those opinions with respect to the Pledge Agreements referred to in paragraph 6.1(a)(v) above which will not be obtained on the Closing Date).

Each such legal opinion shall cover such other matters incident to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require.

(n) Pledged Stock; Stock Power; Pledged Notes. The Administrative Agent shall, to the extent required under applicable law, have received (i) the certificates representing the shares of Capital Stock pledged pursuant to the Collateral Agreement and pursuant to any Pledge Agreement, together with an undated stock power for each such certificate executed in blank by a duly authorized officer of the pledgor thereof and (ii) each promissory note pledged to the Administrative Agent pursuant to the Collateral Agreement or any Pledge Agreement endorsed (without recourse) in blank (or accompanied by an executed transfer form in blank satisfactory to the Agents) by the pledgor thereof, and all other actions required under applicable law to perfect the security interest of the Administrative Agent in the shares of Capital Stock and the promissory notes pledged pursuant to the Collateral Agreement or any Pledge Agreement entered into on the Closing Date shall have been taken.

(o) Filings, Registrations and Recordings. Each document (including, without limitation, any Uniform Commercial Code financing statement) required by the Security Documents or under law or reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent to be filed, registered or recorded in order to create in favor of the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Lenders, a perfected Lien on the Collateral described therein, prior and superior in right to any other Person (other than with respect to Liens expressly permitted by Section 8.3), shall be in proper form for filing, registration or recordation.

(p) Title Insurance Policy. The Administrative Agent shall have received in respect of each parcel covered by each Mortgage (other than the UK Mortgages) a

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mortgagee's title policy (or policies) or marked up unconditional binder for such insurance dated the Closing Date. Each such policy shall (i) be in an amount satisfactory to the Administrative Agent; (ii) be issued at ordinary rates; (iii) insure that the Mortgage insured thereby creates a valid first Lien on such parcel free and clear of all defects and encumbrances, except such as may be approved by the Administrative Agent;
(iv) name the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Lenders as the insured thereunder; (v) be in the form of ALTA Loan Policy - 1970 (Amended 10/17/70); (vi) contain such endorsements and affirmative coverage as the Administrative Agent may request and (vii) be issued by title companies satisfactory to the Administrative Agent (including any such title companies acting as co-insurers or reinsurers, at the option of the Administrative Agent). The Administrative Agent shall have received evidence satisfactory to it that all premiums in respect of each such policy, and all charges for mortgage recording tax, if any, have been paid.

(q) Flood Insurance. If requested by the Administrative Agent, the Administrative Agent shall have received (i) a policy of flood insurance which (A) covers any parcel of improved real property which is encumbered by any Mortgage, (B) is written in an amount not less than the outstanding principal amount of the indebtedness secured by such Mortgage which is reasonably allocable to such real property or the maximum limit of coverage made available with respect to the particular type of property under the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (as amended), whichever is less, and
(C) has a term ending not earlier than the maturity of the indebtedness secured by such Mortgage and (ii) confirmation that the Company has received the notice required pursuant to Section 208(e)(3) of Regulation H of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

(r) Copies of Documents. The Administrative Agent shall have received a copy of all recorded documents referred to, or listed as exceptions to title in, the title policy or policies referred to in subsection 6.1(p) and a copy, certified by such parties as the Administrative Agent may deem appropriate, of all other documents affecting the property covered by each Mortgage.

6.2 Conditions to Each Extension of Credit. The agreement of each Lender to make any extension of credit requested to be made by it on any date (including, without limitation, its initial extension of credit) is subject to the satisfaction of the following conditions precedent:

(a) Representations and Warranties. Each of the representations and warranties made by any Loan Party in or pursuant to the Loan Documents shall be true and correct in all material respects on and as of such date as if made on and as of such date.

(b) No Default. No Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing on such date or after giving effect to the extensions of credit requested to be made on such date.

Each borrowing by and issuance of a Letter of Credit on behalf of any of the Borrowers hereunder shall constitute a representation and warranty by such Borrower as of the date of such extension of credit that the conditions contained in this Section 6.2 have been satisfied.


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SECTION 7. AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS

Each of the Borrowers hereby jointly and severally agree that, so long as the Commitments remain in effect, any Letter of Credit remains outstanding or any Loan or other amount is owing to any Lender or any Agent hereunder, each of the Borrowers shall and shall cause each of its Subsidiaries to:

7.1 Financial Statements. Furnish to each Agent and each Lender:

(a) as soon as available, but in any event within 100 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Company, a copy of the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its consolidated Subsidiaries and the unaudited consolidating balance sheet of the Company's U.S. operations and the Company's European operations as at the end of such year and the related audited consolidated and unaudited consolidating statements of income and of cash flows for such year, and, in the case of the consolidated statements only, (i) setting forth in comparative form the figures for the previous year and (ii) reported on without a "going concern" or like qualification or exception, or qualification arising out of the scope of the audit, by Arthur Andersen LLP or other independent certified public accountants of nationally recognized standing; and

(b) as soon as available, but in any event not later than 50 days after the end of each of the first three quarterly periods of each fiscal year of the Company, the unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its consolidated Subsidiaries and the unaudited consolidating balance sheet of the Company's U.S. operations and the Company's European operations as at the end of such quarter and the related unaudited consolidated and unaudited consolidating statements of income and of cash flows for such quarter and the portion of the fiscal year through the end of such quarter, setting forth in each case in comparative form the figures for the previous year, certified by a Responsible Officer as being fairly stated in all material respects (subject to normal year-end audit adjustments);

all such financial statements shall be complete and correct in all material respects and shall be prepared in reasonable detail and in accordance with GAAP applied consistently throughout the periods reflected therein and with prior periods (except as approved by such accountants or officer, as the case may be, and disclosed therein).

7.2 Certificates; Other Information. Furnish to each Agent and each Lender, or, in the case of clause (f) or (g), to the relevant Lender:

(a) concurrently with the delivery of the financial statements referred to in Section 7.1(a), (i) a certificate of the independent certified public accountants reporting on such financial statements stating that in making the examination necessary therefor no knowledge was obtained of any Default or Event of Default, except as specified in such certificate and (ii) a certificate of a Responsible Officer containing all information necessary for determining Excess Cash Flow for the fiscal year covered by such financial statements;


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(b) concurrently with the delivery of any financial statements pursuant to Section 7.1, a certificate of a Responsible Officer (i) stating that, to the best of each such Responsible Officer's knowledge, each Loan Party during such period has observed or performed all of its covenants and other agreements, and satisfied every condition, contained in this Agreement and the other Loan Documents to which it is a party to be observed, performed or satisfied by it, and that such Responsible Officer has obtained no knowledge of any Default or Event of Default except as specified in such certificate, (ii) setting forth all information necessary for determining compliance by the Company and its Subsidiaries with the provisions of Sections 8.1 and 8.7 as of the last day of the fiscal quarter or fiscal year of the Company, as the case may be, and (y) to the extent not previously disclosed to the Administrative Agent, a listing of any actions required to be taken by the Administrative Agent in order to cause the Company and its Subsidiaries to be in compliance with the provisions of
Section 4.6 of the Collateral Agreement;

(c) as soon as available, and in any event no later than 50 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Company, a detailed consolidated budget for the following fiscal year (including a projected consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries as of the end of the following fiscal year, and the related consolidated statements of projected cash flow, projected changes in financial position and projected income), and, as soon as available, significant revisions, if any, of such budget and projections with respect to such fiscal year (collectively, the "Projections"), which Projections shall in each case be accompanied by a certificate of a Responsible Officer stating that such Projections are based on reasonable estimates, information and assumptions and that such Responsible Officer has no reason to believe that such Projections are incorrect or misleading in any material respect;

(d) within 50 days after the end of each fiscal quarter of the Company, a narrative discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations of the Company and its Subsidiaries for such fiscal quarter and for the period from the beginning of the then current fiscal year to the end of such fiscal quarter, as compared to the portion of the Projections covering such periods and to the comparable periods of the previous year;

(e) within five days after the same are sent, copies of all financial statements and reports which the Company sends to the holders of any class of its debt securities or public equity securities and within five days after the same are filed, copies of all financial statements and reports which the Company may make to, or file with, the Securities and Exchange Commission or any successor or analogous Governmental Authority;

(f) promptly, copies of all material environmental appraisals and similar reports prepared for the Company and its Subsidiaries by independent environmental consultants which any Lender may from time to time reasonably request after notification of the preparation thereof by the Company; the Company hereby agrees that it will promptly obtain from Pilko & Associates (or other independent environmental consultants reasonably acceptable to the Required Lenders) updates of the environmental reports referenced in Section 6.1(k) upon the written request of the


73

Administrative Agent or the Required Lenders (but not more frequently than annually); and

(g) promptly, such additional financial and other information as any Lender may from time to time reasonably request.

7.3 Payment of Obligations. Pay, discharge or otherwise satisfy at or before maturity or before they become delinquent, as the case may be, all its material obligations of whatever nature, except where the amount or validity thereof is currently being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and reserves in conformity with GAAP with respect thereto have been provided on the books of the Company or its Subsidiaries, as the case may be.

7.4 Conduct of Business and Maintenance of Existence, etc. (a) (i) Preserve, renew and keep in full force and effect its corporate existence and
(ii) take all reasonable action to maintain all rights, privileges and franchises necessary or desirable in the normal conduct of its business, except, in each case, as otherwise permitted by Section 8.4 and except, in the case of clause (ii) above, to the extent that failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; and (b) comply with all Contractual Obligations and Requirements of Law except to the extent that failure to comply therewith could not, in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

7.5 Maintenance of Property; Insurance. (a) Keep all Property useful and necessary in its business in good working order and condition, ordinary wear and tear excepted and (b) maintain with financially sound and reputable insurance companies insurance on all its Property in at least such amounts and against at least such risks (but including in any event public liability, product liability and business interruption) as are usually insured against in the same general area by companies engaged in the same or a similar business.

7.6 Inspection of Property; Books and Records; Discussions. (a) Keep proper books of records and account in which full, true and correct entries in conformity with GAAP and all Requirements of Law shall be made of all dealings and transactions in relation to its business and activities and (b) permit representatives of any Lender (upon request through the Administrative Agent) to visit and inspect any of its properties and examine and make abstracts from any of its books and records at any reasonable time and to discuss the business, operations, properties and financial and other condition of the Company and its Subsidiaries with officers and employees of the Company and its Subsidiaries and with its independent certified public accountants; provided that, unless a Default or an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, the Lenders shall coordinate their visits pursuant to this clause (b) so that, in the aggregate, such visits, inspections and examinations by the Lenders (without limiting the frequency of visits, inspections and examinations by the Agents) occur not more frequently than quarterly.

7.7 Notices. Promptly give notice to the Administrative Agent and each Lender of:

(a) the occurrence of any Default or Event of Default;


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(b) any (i) default or event of default under any Contractual Obligation of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or (ii) litigation, investigation or proceeding which may exist at any time between the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and any Governmental Authority, which in either case, if not cured or if adversely determined, as the case may be, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

(c) any litigation or proceeding affecting the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (i) which the Company believes, in good faith, could reasonably be expected to result in liability to the Company and its Subsidiaries (regardless of whether covered by insurance) in excess of $2,500,000 or (ii) in which injunctive or similar relief is sought;

(d) the following events, as soon as possible and in any event within 30 days after the Company knows or has reason to know thereof: (i) the occurrence of any Reportable Event with respect to any Plan, a failure to make any required contribution to a Plan, the creation of any Lien in favor of the PBGC or a Plan or any withdrawal from, or the termination, Reorganization or Insolvency of, any Multiemployer Plan or (ii) the institution of proceedings or the taking of any other action by the PBGC or the Company or any Commonly Controlled Entity or any Multiemployer Plan with respect to the withdrawal from, or the termination, Reorganization or Insolvency of, any Plan; and

(e) any development or event which has had or could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

Each notice pursuant to this Section 7.7 shall be accompanied by a statement of a Responsible Officer setting forth details of the occurrence referred to therein and stating what action the Company or the relevant Subsidiary proposes to take with respect thereto.

7.8 Environmental Laws. (a) Comply in all material respects with, and ensure compliance in all material respects by all tenants and subtenants, if any, with, all applicable Environmental Laws, and obtain and comply in all material respects with and maintain, and ensure that all tenants and subtenants obtain and comply in all material respects with and maintain, any and all licenses, approvals, notifications, registrations or permits required by applicable Environmental Laws.

(b) Conduct and complete all investigations, studies, sampling and testing, and all remedial, removal and other actions required under Environmental Laws and promptly comply in all material respects with all lawful orders and directives of all Governmental Authorities regarding Environmental Laws.

7.9 Interest Rate Protection. In the case of the Company, within 180 days after the Closing Date, enter into Interest Rate Protection Agreements to the extent necessary to provide that at least $100,000,000 of the aggregate principal amount of the Term Loans is subject to either a fixed interest rate or interest rate protection for a period and on other terms and conditions reasonably satisfactory to the Agents.

7.10 Additional Collateral, etc. (a) With respect to any Property acquired after the Closing Date by the Company or any of its Domestic Subsidiaries (other than (x)

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any Property described in paragraph (b) or (c) below and (y) any Property subject to a Lien expressly permitted by Section 8.3(g)) as to which the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Lenders, does not have a perfected Lien, promptly (i) execute and deliver to the Administrative Agent such amendments to the Collateral Agreement or such other documents as the Administrative Agent deems necessary or advisable in order to grant to the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Lenders, a security interest in such Property and (ii) take all actions necessary or advisable to grant to the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Lenders, a perfected first priority security interest in such Property, including without limitation, the filing of Uniform Commercial Code financing statements in such jurisdictions as may be required by the Collateral Agreement or by law or as may be requested by the Administrative Agent.

(b) With respect to any fee interest acquired after the Closing Date by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in any real property located in the United States having a fair market value (together with improvements thereof) of at least $5,000,000, promptly (i) execute and deliver a first priority Mortgage in favor of the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Lenders, covering such real property, (ii) if requested by the Administrative Agent, provide the Lenders with (x) title and extended coverage insurance covering such real property in an amount at least equal to the purchase price of such real estate (or such other amount as shall be reasonably specified by the Administrative Agent) as well as a current survey thereof, together with a surveyor's certificate if customary under local practice in the relevant jurisdiction and
(y) any consents or estoppels reasonably deemed necessary or advisable by the Administrative Agent in connection with such mortgage or deed of trust, each of the foregoing in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and (iii) if requested by the Administrative Agent, deliver to the Administrative Agent legal opinions relating to the matters described above, which opinions shall be in form and substance, and from counsel, reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent; provided, however, that the provisions of this clause (b) shall not apply with respect to fee interests in real property to the extent that (x) such real property is subject to a Lien expressly permitted by Section 8.3(g) or (y) the Administrative Agent determines that the costs of obtaining a security interest in such real property are excessive in relation to the value of the security to be afforded thereby.

(c) With respect to any new Subsidiary created or acquired after the Closing Date by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, promptly:

(i) execute and deliver to the Administrative Agent such amendments to the Collateral Agreement or an additional Pledge Agreement, and take such other actions, as the Administrative Agent or the Syndication Agent deems necessary or advisable in order to grant to the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the relevant Lenders, a perfected first priority security interest in the Capital Stock of such new Subsidiary which is owned by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, including, without limitation, the delivery to the Administrative Agent of the certificates representing such Capital Stock, together with undated stock powers, in blank, executed and delivered by a duly authorized officer of the Company or such Subsidiary, as the case may be;

(ii) in the case of any Domestic Subsidiary, cause such Subsidiary (A) to become a party to the Collateral Agreement and to execute a Domestic Obligations


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Guarantor Joinder Agreement and a Foreign Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement and (B) to take such actions necessary or advisable to grant to the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Lenders a perfected first priority security interest in the Collateral described in the Collateral Agreement with respect to such new Subsidiary, including, without limitation, the filing of Uniform Commercial Code financing statements in such jurisdictions as may be required by the Collateral Agreement or by law or as may be requested by the Administrative Agent;

(iii) in the case of any Foreign Subsidiary, cause such Subsidiary to execute a Foreign Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement; and

(v) if requested by the Administrative Agent, deliver to the Administrative Agent legal opinions and any other necessary documentation relating to the matters described above, which opinions and documentation shall be in form and substance, and, in the case of opinions, from counsel, reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent;

provided, however, that any actions described in this Section 7.10 need not be taken by or with respect to any Foreign Subsidiary to the extent that (x) such Foreign Subsidiary and its Subsidiaries had consolidated revenues for the immediately preceding four fiscal quarters and consolidated assets as of the last day of the most recently completed fiscal quarter which were less than $2,500,000, (y) the taking of such action would, in the good faith judgment of the Company (which shall be promptly notified in writing to the Agents), cause such the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to be subject to material adverse tax consequences or would cause the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (or any of its respective officers, directors or employees) to be subject to material adverse legal consequences or (z) in the reasonable judgment of the Agents, the costs related to the taking of such actions would be uneconomic relative to the benefits which would reasonably be expected to be afforded therefrom.

7.11 Clean-Down. Cause the aggregate outstanding principal amount of Revolving Credit Loans and Swing Line Loans to be not more than $105,000,000 for a period of 30 consecutive days during the period from and including February 1 through and including June 30 of each year.

SECTION 8. NEGATIVE COVENANTS

Each of the Borrowers hereby jointly and severally agree that, so long as the Commitments remain in effect, any Letter of Credit remains outstanding or any Loan or


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other amount is owing to any Lender or any Agent hereunder, each of the Borrowers shall not, and shall not permit any of its Subsidiaries to, directly or indirectly:

8.1 Financial Condition Covenants.

(a) Consolidated Leverage Ratio. Permit the Consolidated Leverage Ratio as at the last day of any period of four consecutive fiscal quarters of the Company ending during any period set forth below to exceed the ratio set forth below opposite such period:

                                           Consolidated
          Period                          Leverage Ratio
          ------                          --------------
March 31, 1998 through June 30, 1998      5.00 to 1.0
July 1, 1998 through December 31, 1998    5.25 to 1.0
January 1, 1999 through June 30, 1999     4.70 to 1.0
July 1, 1999 through December 31, 1999    4.95 to 1.0
January 1, 2000 through June 30, 2000     3.75 to 1.0
July 1, 2000 through December 31, 2000    4.00 to 1.0
January 1, 2001 through June 30, 2001     3.25 to 1.0
July 1, 2001 through December 31, 2001    3.50 to 1.0
January 1, 2002 through June 30, 2002     2.75 to 1.0
July 1, 2002 through December 31, 2002    3.00 to 1.0
January 1, 2003 through June 30, 2003     2.75 to 1.0
July 1, 2003 through December 31, 2003    3.00 to 1.0
January 1, 2004 through June 30, 2004     2.75 to 1.0
July 1, 2004 through December 31, 2004    3.00 to 1.0

(b) Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio. Permit the Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio for any period of four consecutive fiscal quarters of the Company ending during any period set forth below to be less than the ratio set forth below opposite such period:

                                              Consolidated Fixed
          Period                             Charge Coverage Ratio
          ------                             ---------------------
March 31, 1998 through December 31, 1998     1.20 to 1.0
January 1, 1999 through December 31, 1999    1.30 to 1.0
January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2000    1.35 to 1.0
January 1, 2001 and thereafter               1.75 to 1.0

(c) Minimum Consolidated EBITDA. Permit Consolidated EBITDA for any period of four consecutive fiscal quarters of the Company ending during any period set forth below to be less than the amount set forth below opposite such period:

                                             Consolidated
           Period                               EBITDA
           ------                            ------------
March 31, 1998 through December 31, 1998     $235,000,000
January 1, 1999 through December 31, 1999     260,000,000


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January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2000     280,000,000
January 1, 2001 through December 31, 2001     300,000,000
January 1, 2002 and thereafter                320,000,000

8.2 Limitation on Indebtedness. Create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Indebtedness, except:

(a) Indebtedness of any Loan Party pursuant to any Loan Document;

(b) Indebtedness of the Company to any Subsidiary and of any Wholly Owned Subsidiary Guarantor to the Company or any other Subsidiary;

(c) Indebtedness secured by Liens permitted by Section 8.3(g) in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $5,000,000 at any one time outstanding;

(d) (i) Capital Lease Obligations with respect to the land and building in Romano, Italy currently owned by an affiliate of Fiat S.p.A. in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $21,000,000 at any one time outstanding, (ii) Capital Lease Obligations (if any) with respect to the GE Sale-Leaseback and (iii) other Capital Lease Obligations in an aggregate principal amount (in the case of this clause (iii) only) not to exceed $10,000,000 at any one time outstanding;

(e) Indebtedness outstanding on the date hereof and listed on Schedule 8.2(e) and any refinancings, refundings, renewals or extensions thereof (without any increase in the principal amount thereof) which are not otherwise prohibited under this Agreement and which do not have the effect of reducing the collateral security and credit support provided on account of amounts owing under any Facility hereunder;

(f) Indebtedness which may be deemed to exist pursuant to the Domestic Receivables Facility, so long as the Domestic Receivables Facility Attributed Indebtedness at no time exceeds the Domestic Receivables Maximum Commitment Amount as then in effect;

(g) Acquired Indebtedness may be assumed or continued by a Subsidiary of the Company acquired pursuant to, or created to effect, a Permitted Acquisition, so long as the aggregate principal amount of all such Acquired Indebtedness incurred or assumed during the term of this Agreement does not exceed $30,000,000 (without regard to the amount of any Acquired Indebtedness in connection with any of the Permitted Acquisitions set forth on Schedule 1.1E);

(h) intercompany Indebtedness among the Company and its Subsidiaries to extent permitted by Sections 8.8(e) through (i);

(i) Indebtedness of any Wholly Owned Subsidiary to the Company or to a Wholly Owned Subsidiary Guarantor constituting the purchase price in respect of intercompany transfers of goods made in the ordinary course of business to the extent not constituting Indebtedness for borrowed money;


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(j) Indebtedness of EHE and/or its Subsidiaries which may be deemed to exist pursuant to the European Receivables Facility, so long as the European Receivables Facility Attributed Indebtedness at no time exceeds the European Receivables Maximum Commitment Amount as then in effect;

(k) guarantees made in the ordinary course of business by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries of obligations of the Company or any Wholly Owned Subsidiary Guarantor;

(l) Indebtedness of the Company evidenced by the increase in the principal amount of the Convertible Notes in connection with the accretion thereof;

(m) short-term Indebtedness of Foreign Subsidiaries incurred for working capital purposes in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $15,000,000 at any one time outstanding; and

(n) additional Indebtedness of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in an aggregate principal amount (for the Company and all Subsidiaries) not to exceed $5,000,000 at any one time outstanding.

8.3 Limitation on Liens. Create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Lien upon any of its Property or revenues, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, except for:

(a) Liens for taxes not yet due or which are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings (provided that adequate reserves with respect thereto are maintained on the books of the Company or its Subsidiaries, as the case may be, in conformity with GAAP);

(b) carriers', warehousemen's, mechanics', materialmen's, repairmen's or other like Liens arising in the ordinary course of business which are not overdue for a period of more than 30 days or which are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings;

(c) pledges or deposits in connection with workers' compensation, unemployment insurance and other social security legislation;

(d) deposits to secure the performance of bids, trade contracts (other than for borrowed money), leases, statutory obligations, surety and appeal bonds, performance bonds and other obligations of a like nature incurred in the ordinary course of business;

(e) easements, rights-of-way, restrictions and other similar encumbrances incurred in the ordinary course of business which, in the aggregate, are not substantial in amount and which do not in any case materially detract from the value of the Property subject thereto or materially interfere with the ordinary conduct of the business of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

(f) Liens in existence on the date hereof listed on Schedule 8.3(f), securing Indebtedness permitted by Section 8.2(e), provided that no such Lien is spread to

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cover any additional Property after the Closing Date and that the amount of Indebtedness secured thereby is not increased;

(g) Liens securing Indebtedness of the Company or any other Subsidiary incurred pursuant to Section 8.2(c) to finance the acquisition of fixed or capital assets, provided that (i) such Liens shall be created substantially simultaneously with the acquisition of such fixed or capital assets, (ii) such Liens do not at any time encumber any Property other than the Property financed by such Indebtedness and (iii) the amount of Indebtedness secured thereby is not increased;

(h) Liens created pursuant to the Security Documents;

(i) any interest or title of a lessor under any lease (including any capital lease) entered into by the Company or any other Subsidiary in the ordinary course of its business and covering only the assets so leased; and

(j) Liens arising from precautionary UCC financing statement filings regarding operating leases entered into by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in the ordinary course of business;

(k) Liens on accounts receivable and proceeds thereof, in each case so long as (i) such accounts receivable are sold pursuant to the Domestic Receivables Facility in accordance with the requirements of Section 8.5(d) and (ii) the amount of Domestic Receivables Facility Attributed Indebtedness at such time shall not exceed the Domestic Receivables Maximum Commitment Amount;

(l) Liens on accounts receivable and proceeds thereof, in each case so long as (i) such accounts receivable are sold pursuant to the European Receivables Facility in accordance with the requirements of Section 8.5(e) and (ii) the amount of European Receivables Facility Attributed Indebtedness at such time shall not exceed the European Receivables Maximum Commitment Amount;

(m) Liens securing Acquired Indebtedness; provided that (i) other than in the case of the Schumacher Acquisition, such Liens existed prior to, and were not created in contemplation of, the respective Permitted Acquisition, and (ii) such Liens apply only to the properties or assets so acquired pursuant to the respective Permitted Acquisition;

(n) attachment, judgment or other similar Liens arising in connection with court or arbitration proceedings, provided that (i) the same are discharged, or that execution or enforcement thereof is stayed pending appeal, within 30 days or (in the case of any execution or enforcement pending appeal) such lesser time during which such appeal may be taken and
(ii) the circumstances giving rise to such Liens do not constitute an Event of Default hereunder; and

(o) other Liens not incurred in connection with Indebtedness or Contingent Obligations which (i) are incidental to the conduct of the business of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries or the ownership of any of their assets and (ii) do not in any case


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materially detract from the value of the property subject thereto or interfere with the ordinary conduct of the business of the Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries.

8.4 Limitation on Fundamental Changes. Enter into any merger, consolidation or amalgamation, or liquidate, wind up or dissolve itself (or suffer any liquidation or dissolution), or Dispose of all or substantially all of its Property or business except:

(a) any Domestic Subsidiary of the Company may be merged or consolidated with or into the Company (provided that the Company shall be the continuing or surviving corporation) or with or into any Wholly Owned Subsidiary Guarantor which is a Domestic Subsidiary (provided that the Wholly Owned Subsidiary Guarantor shall be the continuing or surviving corporation);

(b) any Domestic Subsidiary of the Company may Dispose of any or all of its assets (upon voluntary liquidation or otherwise) to the Company or any Wholly Owned Subsidiary Guarantor which is a Domestic Subsidiary;

(c) any Foreign Subsidiary of the Company (other than any Borrowing Subsidiary) may be merged or consolidated with or into, or may Dispose of any or all of its assets (upon voluntary liquidation or otherwise) to, any other Foreign Subsidiary of the Company; provided that the Administrative Agent shall not be required to release any security interests in assets thereof, except in connection with the simultaneous grant by the surviving entity to the Administrative Agent of security interests in the same assets; and

(d) any Borrowing Subsidiary may (i) be merged or consolidated with or into any other Borrowing Subsidiary or any other Foreign Subsidiary (provided that, in the case of a merger or consolidation with or into a Foreign Subsidiary which is not a Borrowing Subsidiary, the Borrowing Subsidiary shall be the surviving entity thereof) or (ii) Dispose of any or all of its assets (upon voluntary liquidation or otherwise) to any other Borrowing Subsidiary or to any Wholly Owned Subsidiary Guarantor which is a Foreign Subsidiary; provided that none of the events described in this paragraph (d) shall have the effect of reducing the collateral security and credit support provided on account of amounts owing under any Facility hereunder.

8.5 Limitation on Sale of Assets. Dispose of any of its Property or business (including, without limitation, receivables and leasehold interests), whether now owned or hereafter acquired, or, in the case of any Subsidiary, issue or sell any shares of such Subsidiary's Capital Stock to any Person, except:

(a) the sale of inventory in the ordinary course of business;

(b) Dispositions permitted by Section 8.4;

(c) the sale or issuance of any Subsidiary's Capital Stock to (i) the Company, (ii) any Wholly Owned Subsidiary Guarantor or (iii) in the case of Capital Stock of any Foreign Subsidiary, any other Subsidiary of the Company which (immediately prior to such sale or issuance) holds Capital Stock of such Foreign Subsidiary (provided that, in the case of this clause
(iii) only, the percentage of the issued and

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outstanding Capital Stock of such Foreign Subsidiary which is held by such purchasing Subsidiary immediately prior to such sale or issuance is identical to the percentage held by it after giving effect thereto);

(d) the sale of accounts receivable pursuant to the Domestic Receivables Facility, so long as the amount of Domestic Receivables Facility Attributed Indebtedness shall at no time outstanding exceed the Domestic Receivables Maximum Commitment Amount;

(e) the sale of accounts receivable pursuant to the European Receivables Facility, so long as the amount of European Receivables Facility Attributed Indebtedness shall at no time outstanding exceed the European Receivables Maximum Commitment Amount;

(f) the sale to an affiliate of Fiat S.p.A. in the ordinary course of business and without recourse of accounts receivable owing to the Company and its Subsidiaries by Fiat S.p.A. and its Subsidiaries, so long as the aggregate undiscounted face amount of all receivables so sold (but remaining outstanding) does not exceed $30,000,000 at any one time outstanding;

(g) any Asset Sale by the Company and its Subsidiaries with respect to (i) assets described on Schedule 8.5 and (ii) other assets having a fair market value not to exceed $5,000,000 in the aggregate for any fiscal year of the Company; provided, that (x) any such Asset Sale described in this clause (g) is consummated for fair market value, (y) at least 75% of the consideration received by the Company and its Subsidiaries on account of such Asset Sale shall be in the form of cash and (z) the proceeds of such Asset Sale are applied in accordance with the provisions of Section 3.5(b);

(h) any Recovery Event, provided, that the proceeds of such Recovery Event are applied in accordance with the provisions of Section 3.5(b).

8.6 Limitation on Dividends. Declare or pay any dividend (other than dividends payable solely in common stock of the Person making such dividend) on, or make any payment on account of, or set apart assets for a sinking or other analogous fund for, the purchase, redemption, defeasance, retirement or other acquisition of, any shares of any class of Capital Stock of the Company or any Subsidiary or any warrants or options to purchase any such Capital Stock, whether now or hereafter outstanding, or make any other distribution in respect thereof, either directly or indirectly, whether in cash or property or in obligations of the Company or any Subsidiary (collectively, "Restricted Payments"), except that:

(a) any Subsidiary (i) may make Restricted Payments to the Company or any Wholly Owned Subsidiary Guarantor and (ii) if such Subsidiary is not a Wholly Owned Subsidiary, may make Restricted Payments to its shareholders generally, so long as the Company or its Subsidiary which owns the equity or other ownership interests in the Subsidiary making the Restricted Payment receives at least its proportionate share of such Restricted Payment (based upon its relative ownership interest in the Subsidiary making such Restricted Payment);


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(b) so long as no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, the Company may purchase its common stock or common stock options from present or former directors, officers or employees of the Company or any Subsidiary (i) upon the death, disability or termination of employment of such director, officer or employee, provided, that the aggregate amount of such payments pursuant to this clause (b) shall not exceed $2,000,000 during the term of this Agreement;

(c) so long as no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred or be continuing or would occur as a result thereof, the Company may pay regular quarterly dividends on its outstanding common stock, provided, that the aggregate amount of such dividends paid during any fiscal year of the Company shall not exceed $4,000,000; and

(d) so long as no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred or be continuing or would occur as a result thereof, the Company may redeem rights granted to the shareholders of the Company pursuant to its shareholder rights plan for a nominal amount.

8.7 Limitation on Capital Expenditures. Make or commit to make (by way of the acquisition of securities of a Person or otherwise) any Capital Expenditure, except Capital Expenditures of the Company and its Subsidiaries in the ordinary course of business not exceeding $100,000,000 during any fiscal year of the Company; provided, that:

(a) up to $10,000,000 of any such amount referred to above, if not so expended in the fiscal year for which it is permitted, may be carried over for expenditure in the next succeeding fiscal year;

(b) Capital Expenditures made during any fiscal year shall be deemed made, first, in respect of amounts permitted for such fiscal year as provided above and, second, in respect of amounts carried over from the prior fiscal year pursuant to subclause (i) above;

(c) Capital Expenditures made with the proceeds of Recovery Events to repair, replace or reconstruct the assets on account of which such Recovery Event occurred shall be deemed not to constitute Capital Expenditures for purposes of this Section 8.7; and

(d) in the event that the Company and its Subsidiaries shall elect to purchase the land and building in Romano, Italy currently owned by an affiliate of Fiat S.p.A. (rather than entering into a Capital Lease with respect thereto) during the 1998 fiscal year of the Company, the purchase price paid for such land and building shall be deemed not to constitute a Capital Expenditure for purposes of this Section 8.7.

8.8 Limitation on Investments, Loans and Advances. Make any advance, loan, extension of credit (by way of guaranty or otherwise) or capital contribution to, or purchase

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any stock, bonds, notes, debentures or other securities of or any assets constituting all or a material part of a business unit of, or make any other investment in, any Person, except:

(a) extensions of trade credit in the ordinary course of business;

(b) investments in Cash Equivalents;

(c) Guarantee Obligations permitted by Section 8.2;

(d) loans and advances to employees of the Company or its Subsidiaries in the ordinary course of business (including, without limitation, for travel, entertainment and relocation expenses) in an aggregate amount for the Company and its Subsidiaries not to exceed $5,000,000 at any one time outstanding;

(e) the Company or any of its Subsidiaries may make intercompany loans to any Wholly Owned Subsidiary so long as each such intercompany loan of the Dollar Equivalent of $1,000,000 or more in principal amount is evidenced by a promissory note (in form and substance satisfactory to the Administrative Agent) which is pledged in favor of the Administrative Agent pursuant to the Collateral Agreement or a Pledge Agreement;

(f) investments existing on the Closing Date and set forth on Schedule 8.8(j);

(g) investments in connection with (i) the Interest Rate Protection Agreements described in Section 7.9 and other non-speculative Interest Rate Protection Agreements, (ii) non-speculative commodities futures agreements for raw materials reasonably related to the production needs of the Company and its Subsidiaries and (iii) non-speculative foreign currency hedging agreements;

(h) Permitted Acquisitions; provided that (i) the aggregate Purchase Prices paid by the Company and its Subsidiaries on account of all Permitted Acquisitions as of any time during the term of this Agreement, other than the acquisitions described on Schedule 1.1E and net of Designated Disposition Proceeds, shall not exceed the Permitted Acquisition Maximum Amount at such time, (ii) no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing immediately prior to or after the consummation of such Permitted Acquisition, (iii) any Person which becomes a Subsidiary of the Company by virtue of any such acquisition shall comply with the provisions of Section 7.10(c) (without giving effect to the proviso thereto), (iv) prior to consummating any Permitted Acquisition the Lenders shall have received evidence reasonably satisfactory to them demonstrating pro forma compliance by the Company with Section 8.1 both before and after giving effect to such Permitted Acquisition and (v) the Company shall have provided to the Agents and the Lenders a Permitted Acquisition Notice with respect to such Permitted Acquisition at least 30 days' prior to the consummation thereof; and

(i) investments in Permitted Joint Ventures in an aggregate amount thereof not to exceed $3,000,000 individually and $10,000,000 for all investments made pursuant to this paragraph (i).


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8.9 Limitation on Optional Payments and Modifications of Debt
Instruments, etc. (a) Make or offer to make any payment, prepayment, repurchase or redemption of or otherwise defease or segregate funds with respect to the Convertible Notes, the DM Notes or the Senior 10% Notes (other than scheduled interest payments required to be made in cash); provided, so long as no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and is continuing, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries may at any time prepay, repurchase or redeem Eligible Prepayment Debt in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed the Available Prepayment Amount at such time, (b) amend, modify, waive or otherwise change, or consent or agree to any amendment, modification, waiver or other change to, any of the terms of the Convertible Notes, the DM Notes or the Senior 10% Notes (other than any such amendment, modification, waiver or other change which (i) would extend the maturity or reduce the amount of any payment of principal thereof or which would reduce the rate or extend the date for payment of interest thereon and (ii) does not involve the payment of a consent fee), (c) designate any Indebtedness as "Designated Senior Indebtedness" for the purposes of the Convertible Indenture or (d) amend its certificate of incorporation in any manner determined by the Administrative Agent to be adverse to the Lenders without the prior written consent of the Required Lenders.

8.10 Limitation on Transactions with Affiliates. Enter into any transaction, including, without limitation, any purchase, sale, lease or exchange of Property, the rendering of any service or the payment of any management, advisory or similar fees, with any Affiliate (other than the Company or any Wholly Owned Subsidiary Guarantor) unless such transaction is (a) otherwise permitted under this Agreement, (b) in the ordinary course of business of the Company or such Subsidiary, as the case may be, and (c) upon fair and reasonable terms no less favorable to the Company or such Subsidiary, as the case may be, than it would obtain in a comparable arm's length transaction with a Person which is not an Affiliate. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company and its Subsidiaries may (i) pay customary fees to non-officer directors of the Company and (ii) share proceeds of Environmental Insurance Recoveries with predecessor entities and owners of such predecessor entities on terms deemed fair and reasonable by the Board of Directors of the Company, as evidenced by a board resolution.

8.11 Limitation on Sales and Leasebacks. Enter into any arrangement with any Person providing for the leasing by the Company or any Subsidiary of real or personal property which has been or is to be sold or transferred by the Company or such Subsidiary to such Person or to any other Person to whom funds have been or are to be advanced by such Person on the security of such property or rental obligations of the Company or such Subsidiary, other than:

(a) any such transactions which are consummated upon terms satisfactory to the Agents (or, to the extent that the gross proceeds from such sale or transfer exceed $40,000,000 in the aggregate, the Required Lenders) and the Net Cash Proceeds from such sale or transfer are applied in accordance with the provisions of Section 3.5(b); and

(b) other transactions with respect to equipment which has been acquired by the Company and its Subsidiaries within 12 months prior to such transaction; provided that the consideration paid by the Company and its Subsidiaries on account of the acquisition of such equipment is not required to be recorded as a Capital

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Expenditure in accordance with GAAP; and provided, further that the aggregate consideration with respect to all such transactions during any fiscal year of the Company shall not exceed $20,000,000.

8.12 Limitation on Changes in Fiscal Periods. Permit the fiscal year of the Company to end on a day other than March 31 or change the Company's method of determining fiscal quarters.

8.13 Limitation on Negative Pledge Clauses. Enter into or suffer to exist or become effective any agreement which prohibits or limits the ability of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Lien upon any of its Property or revenues, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, to secure the Obligations other than (a) this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, (b) the Convertible Indenture, the Senior 10% Note Indenture and the DM Agreement and (c) any agreements governing any purchase money Liens or Capital Lease Obligations otherwise permitted hereby (in which case, any prohibition or limitation shall only be effective against the assets financed thereby).

8.14 Limitation on Restrictions on Subsidiary Distributions. Enter into or suffer to exist or become effective any consensual encumbrance or restriction on the ability of any Subsidiary of the Company to (a) pay dividends or make any other distributions in respect of any Capital Stock of such Subsidiary held by, or pay any Indebtedness owed to, the Company or any other Subsidiary of the Company, (b) make loans or advances to the Company or any other Subsidiary of the Company or (c) transfer any of its assets to the Company or any other Subsidiary of the Company, except for such encumbrances or restrictions existing under or by reason of (i) any restrictions existing under the Loan Documents, (ii) any restrictions with respect to a Subsidiary imposed pursuant to an agreement which has been entered into in connection with the Disposition of all or substantially all of the Capital Stock or assets of such Subsidiary, (iii) restrictions existing on the date hereof set forth on Schedule 8.14 and any restrictions contained in any issue of Indebtedness which refinances Indebtedness with restrictions set forth on Schedule 8.14, so long as the restrictions contained in such refinancing Indebtedness are no more restrictive than those contained in the Indebtedness being refinanced, (iv) customary provisions restricting subletting or assignment of any lease governing a leasehold interest of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, (v) customary provisions restricting assignment of any licensing agreement entered into by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in the ordinary course of business and (vi) any holder of a Lien permitted pursuant to this Agreement may restrict the transfer of the respective asset or assets subject thereto.

8.15 Limitation on Lines of Business. (a) Enter into any business, either directly or through any Subsidiary, except for those businesses in which the Company and its Subsidiaries (other than the Domestic Receivables Subsidiary and the European Receivables Subsidiary) are engaged on the date of this Agreement or which are reasonably related thereto, (b) permit the Domestic Receivables Subsidiary to (i) engage in any business activities other than the purchase, acquisition, sale and pledge of receivables (or interests therein) pursuant to the Domestic Receivables Facility and borrowings thereunder and any business activities reasonably incidental thereto, all in accordance with the Domestic Receivables Facility, and (ii) have any assets or liabilities, other than receivables purchased from or contributed by the Company, cash collections therefrom, any investments of such cash collections and other assets and liabilities reasonably incidental to the foregoing

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activities or (c) permit the European Receivables Subsidiary to (i) engage in any business activities other than the purchase, acquisition, sale and pledge of receivables (or interests therein) pursuant to the European Receivables Facility and borrowings thereunder and any business activities reasonably incidental thereto, all in accordance with the European Receivables Facility, and (ii) have any assets or liabilities, other than receivables purchased from or contributed by the Subsidiaries of the Company engaging in such sales and contributions on the Closing Date, cash collections therefrom, any investments of such cash collections and other assets and liabilities reasonably incidental to the foregoing activities.

SECTION 9. EVENTS OF DEFAULT

If any of the following events shall occur and be continuing:

(a) Any Borrower shall fail to pay any principal of any Loan or Reimbursement Obligation when due in accordance with the terms hereof; or any Borrower shall fail to pay any interest on any Loan or Reimbursement Obligation, or any other amount payable hereunder or under any other Loan Document, within five days after any such interest or other amount becomes due in accordance with the terms hereof; or

(b) Any representation or warranty made or deemed made by any Loan Party herein or in any other Loan Document or which is contained in any certificate, document or financial or other statement furnished by it at any time under or in connection with this Agreement or any such other Loan Document shall prove to have been inaccurate in any material respect on or as of the date made or deemed made; or

(c) (i) Any Loan Party sBall default in the observance or performance of any agreement contained in clause (i) or (ii) of Section
7.4(a) (with respect to the Company only), Section 7.7(a), 7.11 or in
Section 8; or

(d) any Loan Party shall default in the observance or performance of any other agreement contained in this Agreement or any other Loan Document (other than as provided in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this Section), and such default shall continue unremedied for a period of 30 days; or

(e) the Company or any of its Subsidiaries shall (i) default in making any payment of any principal of any Indebtedness (including, without limitation, any Guarantee Obligation, but excluding the Loans) on the scheduled or original due date with respect thereto; or (ii) default in making any payment of any interest on any such Indebtedness beyond the period of grace (not to exceed 30 days), if any, provided in the instrument or agreement under which such Indebtedness was created; or (iii) default in the observance or performance of any other agreement or condition relating to any such Indebtedness or contained in any instrument or agreement evidencing, securing or relating thereto, or any other event shall occur or condition exist, the effect of which default or other event or condition is to cause, or to permit the holder or beneficiary of such Indebtedness (or a trustee or agent on behalf of such holder or beneficiary) to cause, with the giving of notice if required, such


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Indebtedness to become due prior to its stated maturity or (in the case of any such Indebtedness constituting a Guarantee Obligation) to become payable; provided, that a default, event or condition described in clause
(i), (ii) or (iii) of this paragraph (e) shall not at any time constitute an Event of Default unless, at such time, one or more defaults, events or conditions of the type described in clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) of this paragraph (e) shall have occurred and be continuing with respect to Indebtedness the outstanding principal amount of which exceeds in the aggregate $5,000,000; or

(f) (i) the Company or any of its Material Subsidiaries shall commence any case, proceeding or other action (A) under any existing or future law of any jurisdiction, domestic or foreign, relating to bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or relief of debtors, seeking to have an order for relief entered with respect to it, or seeking to adjudicate it a bankrupt or insolvent, or seeking reorganization, arrangement, adjustment, winding-up, liquidation, dissolution, composition or other relief with respect to it or its debts, or (B) seeking appointment of a receiver, trustee, custodian, conservator or other similar official for it or for all or any substantial part of its assets, or the Company or any of its Material Subsidiaries shall make a general assignment for the benefit of its creditors; or (ii) there shall be commenced against the Company or any of its Material Subsidiaries any case, proceeding or other action of a nature referred to in clause (i) above which (A) results in the entry of an order for relief or any such adjudication or appointment or (B) remains undismissed, undischarged or unbonded for a period of 60 days; or
(iii) there shall be commenced against the Company or any of its Material Subsidiaries any case, proceeding or other action seeking issuance of a warrant of attachment, execution, distraint or similar process against all or any substantial part of its assets which results in the entry of an order for any such relief which shall not have been vacated, discharged, or stayed or bonded pending appeal within 60 days from the entry thereof; or
(iv) the Company or any of its Material Subsidiaries shall take any action in furtherance of, or indicating its consent to, approval of, or acquiescence in, any of the acts set forth in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) above; or (v) the Company or any of its Material Subsidiaries shall generally not, or shall be unable to, or shall admit in writing its inability to, pay its debts as they become due; or

(g) (i) Any Person shall engage in any "prohibited transaction" (as defined in Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code) involving any Plan, (ii) any "accumulated funding deficiency" (as defined in Section 302 of ERISA), whether or not waived, shall exist with respect to any Plan or any Lien in favor of the PBGC or a Plan shall arise on the assets of the Company or any Commonly Controlled Entity, (iii) a Reportable Event shall occur with respect to, or proceedings shall commence to have a trustee appointed, or a trustee shall be appointed, to administer or to terminate, any Single Employer Plan, which Reportable Event or commencement of proceedings or appointment of a trustee is, in the reasonable opinion of the Required Lenders, likely to result in the termination of such Plan for purposes of Title IV of ERISA, (iv) any Single Employer Plan shall terminate for purposes of Title IV of ERISA, (v) the Company or any Commonly Controlled Entity shall, or in the reasonable opinion of the Required Lenders is likely to, incur any liability in connection with a withdrawal from, or the Insolvency or Reorganization of, a Multiemployer Plan or (vi) any other event or condition shall occur or exist with respect to a Plan; and in each case in clauses (i) through (vi) above, such event

or


89

condition, together with all other such events or conditions, if any, could, in the sole judgment of the Required Lenders, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; or

(h) One or more judgments or decrees shall be entered against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries involving in the aggregate a liability (not paid or fully covered by insurance as to which notice has been provided to the relevant insurance company and such insurance company has not disputed the claim made for payment thereof) of $2,500,000 or more, and all such judgments or decrees shall not have been vacated, discharged, stayed or bonded pending appeal within 30 days from the entry thereof; or

(i) Any of the Security Documents shall cease, for any reason (other than any termination in accordance with its terms), to be in full force and effect, or any Loan Party or any Affiliate of any Loan Party shall so assert, or any Lien created by any of the Security Documents shall (except to the extent released in accordance with the terms hereof) cease to be enforceable and of the same effect and priority purported to be created thereby; or

(j) The guarantee contained in Section 10 shall cease, for any reason (other than in connection with the release of all Guarantors parties thereto in accordance with the terms hereof), to be in full force and effect or any Loan Party or any Affiliate of any Loan Party shall so assert; or

(k) (i) any "person" or "group" (as such terms are used in Sections 13(d) and 14(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act")), shall become, or obtain rights (whether by means or warrants, options or otherwise) to become, the "beneficial owner" (as defined in Rules 13(d)-3 and 13(d)-5 under the Exchange Act), directly or indirectly, of more than 20% of the outstanding common stock of the Company; (ii) the board of directors of the Company shall cease to consist of a majority of Continuing Directors; (iii) the Company shall cease to own and control, of record and beneficially, directly, 100% of each class of outstanding Capital Stock of any Borrowing Subsidiary free and clear of all Liens (except Liens created by the Collateral Agreement); or (iv) a Specified Change of Control shall occur; or

(l) (i) the Convertible Notes shall cease, for any reason, to be validly subordinated to the Obligations, as provided in the Convertible Indenture or (ii) any Loan Party, any Affiliate of any Loan Party, the trustee in respect of the Convertible Notes or the holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes shall so assert;

then, and in any such event, (A) if such event is an Event of Default specified in clause (i) or (ii) of paragraph (f) above, automatically the Commitments shall immediately terminate and the Loans hereunder (with accrued interest thereon) and all other amounts owing under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents (including, without limitation, all amounts of L/C Obligations, whether or not the beneficiaries of the then outstanding Letters of Credit shall have presented the documents required thereunder) shall immediately become due and payable, and (B) if such event is any other Event of Default, any or all of the following actions may be taken: (i) with the consent of the Majority Revolving Credit Facility Lenders,


90

the Administrative Agent may, or upon the request of the Majority Revolving Credit Facility Lenders, the Administrative Agent shall, by notice to the Company declare the Revolving Credit Commitments to be terminated forthwith, whereupon the Revolving Credit Commitments shall immediately terminate; (ii) with the consent of the Majority Facility Lenders in respect of the Tranche B Term Loan Facility, the Administrative Agent may, or upon the request of the Majority Facility Lenders in respect of the Tranche B Term Loan Facility, the Administrative Agent shall, by notice to the Company, on behalf of itself and the Borrowing Subsidiaries, declare the commitment of the Tranche B Term Loan Lenders to make up to one additional term loan to the Borrowers after the Closing Date as described in Section 2.1 to be terminated forthwith, whereupon such commitment shall immediately terminate; and (iii) with the consent of the Required Lenders, the Administrative Agent may, or upon the request of the Required Lenders, the Administrative Agent shall, by notice to the Company, declare the Loans hereunder (with accrued interest thereon) and all other amounts owing under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents (including, without limitation, all amounts of L/C Obligations, whether or not the beneficiaries of the then outstanding Letters of Credit shall have presented the documents required thereunder) to be due and payable forthwith, whereupon the same shall immediately become due and payable. With respect to all Letters of Credit with respect to which presentment for honor shall not have occurred at the time of an acceleration pursuant to this paragraph, the Company shall at such time deposit in a cash collateral account opened by the Administrative Agent an amount equal to the aggregate then undrawn and unexpired amount of such Letters of Credit. Amounts held in such cash collateral account shall be applied by the Administrative Agent to the payment of drafts drawn under such Letters of Credit, and the unused portion thereof after all such Letters of Credit shall have expired or been fully drawn upon, if any, shall be applied to repay other obligations of the Borrowers hereunder and under the other Loan Documents. After all such Letters of Credit shall have expired or been fully drawn upon, all Reimbursement Obligations shall have been satisfied and all other obligations of the Borrowers hereunder and under the other Loan Documents shall have been paid in full, the balance, if any, in such cash collateral account shall be returned to the Company (or such other Person as may be lawfully entitled thereto).

SECTION 10. GUARANTEE

10.1 Guarantee. In order to induce the Administrative Agent and the Lenders to execute and deliver this Agreement and to make or maintain the Loans hereunder, and in consideration thereof:

(a) Subject to the exceptions set forth in Schedule 10.1, each of the Guarantors hereby unconditionally and irrevocably guarantees to the Administrative Agent, for the ratable benefit of the Tranche A Term Loan Lenders, the Tranche B Term Loan Lenders and the Revolving Credit Lenders (and their respective affiliates), the prompt and complete payment and performance when due (whether at stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise) of the Foreign Obligations, and each of the Guarantors further agrees to pay any and all expenses (including, without limitation, all reasonable fees, charges and disbursements of counsel) which may be paid or incurred by the Administrative Agent or such Lenders in enforcing, or obtaining advice of counsel in respect of, any of their rights under the guarantee contained in this Section 10. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, each Guarantor's liability shall extend to all amounts that constitute part of the Foreign Obligations and


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would be owed by the Borrowing Subsidiaries but for the fact that they are unenforceable or not allowable due to the existence of a bankruptcy, reorganization or similar proceeding involving a Borrowing Subsidiary. The guarantee contained in this Section 10, subject to Section 10.5, shall remain in full force and effect until the Foreign Obligations are paid in full, notwithstanding that from time to time prior thereto any or all of the Borrowing Subsidiaries may be free from any Foreign Obligations.

(b) Each of the Domestic Subsidiary Guarantors hereby unconditionally and irrevocably guarantees to the Administrative Agent, for the ratable benefit of the Tranche B Term Loan Lenders and their respective affiliates (with respect to Tranche B Term Loans made to the Company) and the Revolving Credit Lenders and their respective affiliates (with respect to Revolving Credit Loans made to, and Letters of Credit issued for the account of, the Company), the prompt and complete payment and performance when due (whether at stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise) of the Domestic Obligations, and each of the Domestic Subsidiary Guarantors further agrees to pay any and all expenses (including, without limitation, all reasonable fees, charges and disbursements of counsel) which may be paid or incurred by the Administrative Agent or such Lenders in enforcing, or obtaining advice of counsel in respect of, any of their rights under the guarantee contained in this Section 10. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, each of the Domestic Subsidiary Guarantor's liability shall extend to all amounts that constitute part of the Domestic Obligations and would be owed by the Company but for the fact that they are unenforceable or not allowable due to the existence of a bankruptcy, reorganization or similar proceeding involving the Company. The guarantee contained in this
Section 10, subject to Section 10.5, shall remain in full force and effect until the Domestic Obligations are paid in full, notwithstanding that from time to time prior thereto the Company may be free from any Domestic Obligations.

(c) Each Guarantor agrees that whenever, at any time, or from time to time, it shall make any payment to the Administrative Agent or any Lender on account of its liability under this Section 10, it will notify the Administrative Agent and such Lender in writing that such payment is made under the guarantee contained in this Section 10 for such purpose. No payment or payments made by a Guaranteed Party or any other Person or received or collected by the Administrative Agent or any Lender from a Guaranteed Party or any other Person by virtue of any action or proceeding or any setoff or appropriation or application, at any time or from time to time, in reduction of or in payment of the Related Guaranteed Obligations of such Guarantor, shall be deemed to modify, reduce, release or otherwise affect the liability of such Guarantor under this Section 10 which, notwithstanding any such payment or payments, shall remain liable for its Related Guaranteed Obligations until, subject to Section 10.5, its Related Guaranteed Obligations are paid in full.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein or in any other Loan Document, the maximum liability of each Domestic Subsidiary Guarantor under this
Section 10 and under the other Loan Documents shall in no event exceed the amount which can be guaranteed by such Domestic Subsidiary Guarantor under applicable federal and state laws relating to the insolvency of debtors.


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10.2 No Subrogation, Contribution, Reimbursement or Indemnity. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 10, each Guarantor hereby irrevocably waives all rights which may have arisen in connection with the guarantee contained in this Section 10 to be subrogated to any of the rights (whether contractual, under the United States Bankruptcy Code (or similar action under any successor law or under any comparable law), including Section 509 thereof, under common law or otherwise) of the Administrative Agent or any Lender against the Related Guaranteed Party of such Guarantor or against the Administrative Agent or any Lender for the payment of its Related Guaranteed Obligations, nor shall any of the Guarantors seek or be entitled to seek any contribution or reimbursement from any of its Related Guaranteed Parties in respect of payments made by such Guarantor hereunder, until all amounts owing to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders hereunder and under any other Loan Document shall have been paid in full, no Letters of Credit shall be outstanding and the Commitments shall have been terminated. If any amount shall be paid to a Guarantor on account of such subrogation rights at any time when all amounts owing to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders hereunder and under any other Loan Document shall not have been paid in full, any Letter of Credit shall be outstanding and the Commitments shall not have been terminated, such amount shall be held by such Guarantor in trust for the Administrative Agent and the relevant Lenders, segregated from other funds of such Guarantor, and shall, forthwith upon receipt by such Guarantor, be turned over to the Administrative Agent in the exact form received by such Guarantor (duly indorsed by such Guarantor to the Administrative Agent, if required), to be held as collateral security for and/or then applied against such Guarantor's Related Guaranteed Obligations, whether matured or unmatured, in such order as the Administrative Agent may determine. The provisions of this Section 10.2 shall survive the term of the guarantee contained in this Section 10 and the payment in full of the Obligations and the termination of the Commitments.

10.3 Amendments, etc. Each Guarantor shall remain obligated for its Related Guaranteed Obligations under this Section 10 notwithstanding that, without any reservation of rights against such Guarantor, and without notice to or further assent by such Guarantor, any demand for payment of or reduction in the principal amount of any of its Related Guaranteed Obligations made by the Administrative Agent or any Lender may be rescinded by the Administrative Agent or such Lender, and any of its Related Guaranteed Obligations continued, and its Related Guaranteed Obligations, or the liability of any other party upon or for any part thereof, or any collateral security or guarantee therefor or right of offset with respect thereto, may, from time to time, in whole or in part, be renewed, extended, amended, modified, accelerated, compromised, waived, surrendered or released by the Administrative Agent or any Lender, and this Agreement, any other Loan Document, and any other documents executed and delivered in connection herewith or therewith may be amended, modified, supplemented or terminated, in whole or in part, as the requisite group of Lenders specified by this Agreement may deem advisable from time to time, and any collateral security, guarantee or right of offset at any time held by the Administrative Agent or any Lender for the payment of its Related Guaranteed Obligations may be sold, exchanged, waived, surrendered or released. Neither the Administrative Agent nor any Lender shall have any obligation to protect, secure, perfect or insure any Lien at any time held by it as security for any Guarantor's Related Guaranteed Obligations or for the guarantee contained in this Section 10 or any property subject thereto.

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10.4 Guarantee Absolute and Unconditional. Each Guarantor waives any and all notice of the creation, renewal, extension or accrual of any of its Related Guaranteed Obligations and notice of or proof of reliance by the Administrative Agent or any Lender upon the guarantee contained in this Section 10 or acceptance of the guarantee contained in this Section 10; each Guarantor's Related Guaranteed Obligations, and any of them, shall conclusively be deemed to have been created, contracted or incurred, or renewed, extended, amended or waived, in reliance upon the guarantee contained in this Section 10; and all dealings between any of the Guarantors or any of their Related Guaranteed Parties, on the one hand, and the Administrative Agent and the Lenders, on the other, shall likewise be conclusively presumed to have been had or consummated in reliance upon the guarantee contained in this Section 10. Each Guarantor waives diligence, presentment, protest, demand for payment and notice of default or nonpayment to or upon such Guarantor or any of its Related Guaranteed Parties with respect to its Related Guaranteed Obligations. The guarantees contained in this Section 10 shall be construed as continuing, absolute and unconditional guarantees of payment without regard to (a) the validity or enforceability of this Agreement or any other Loan Document, any of the Obligations or any collateral security therefor or guarantee or right of offset with respect thereto at any time or from time to time held by the Administrative Agent or any Lender, (b) any defense, setoff or counterclaim (other than a defense of payment or performance) which may at any time be available to or be asserted by any of the Guaranteed Parties against the Administrative Agent or any Lender, or (c) any other circumstance whatsoever (with or without notice to or knowledge of any Guarantor or any of its Related Guaranteed Parties) which constitutes, or might be construed to constitute, an equitable or legal discharge of a Guaranteed Party for any of the Obligations, or of any Guarantor under the guarantee contained in this Section 10, in bankruptcy or in any other instance. When the Administrative Agent or any Lender is pursuing its rights and remedies under this Section 10 against any Guarantor, the Administrative Agent or any Lender may, but shall be under no obligation to, pursue such rights and remedies as it may have against any of such Guarantor's Related Guaranteed Parties or any other Person or against any collateral security or guarantee for any of the Obligations or any right of offset with respect thereto, and any failure by the Administrative Agent or any Lender to pursue such other rights or remedies or to collect any payments from any of a Guarantor's Related Guaranteed Parties or any such other Person or to realize upon any such collateral security or guarantee or to exercise any such right of offset, or any release of any of such Related Guaranteed Parties or any such other Person or of any such collateral security, guarantee or right of offset, shall not relieve such Guarantor of any liability under this Section 10, and shall not impair or affect the rights and remedies, whether express, implied or available as a matter of law, of the Administrative Agent and the Lenders against such Guarantor.

10.5 Reinstatement. The guarantees contained in this Section 10 shall continue to be effective, or be reinstated, as the case may be, if at any time payment, or any part thereof, of any of a Guarantor's Related Guaranteed Obligations is rescinded or must otherwise be restored or returned by the Administrative Agent or any Lender upon the insolvency, bankruptcy, dissolution, liquidation or reorganization of any of such Guarantor's Related Guaranteed Parties or upon or as a result of the appointment of a receiver, intervenor or conservator of, or trustee or similar officer for, any of such Guarantor's Related Guaranteed Parties or any substantial part of any of their Property, or otherwise, all as though such payments had not been made.

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10.6 Payments. Each of the Guarantors hereby agrees that its Related Guaranteed Obligations will be paid to the Administrative Agent without set-off or counterclaim at the Payment Office in the currency in which such obligations were originally denominated.

10.7 Limited Effect of Limitations on Guarantees. Except as expressly stated therein, nothing in Schedule 10.1 shall limit or prejudice, or shall be deemed to limit or prejudice, in any fashion any obligations of any Loan Party (including, without limitation, where the guarantee of such Loan Party is subject to limitations described on Schedule 10.1) as a Loan Party under this Agreement or any other Loan Document.

SECTION 11. THE AGENTS

11.1 Appointment. Each Lender hereby irrevocably designates and appoints the Agents as the agents of such Lender under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, and each such Lender irrevocably authorizes each Agent, in such capacity, to take such action on its behalf under the provisions of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents and to exercise such powers and perform such duties as are expressly delegated to the such Agent by the terms of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, together with such other powers as are reasonably incidental thereto (including, without limitation, with respect to the Administrative Agent, the execution of certain of, and the holding, maintenance and application of the collateral under, the Security Documents and the Collateral Agency and Intercreditor Agreement). Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary elsewhere in this Agreement, no Agent shall have any duties or responsibilities, except those expressly set forth herein, or any fiduciary relationship with any Lender, and no implied covenants, functions, responsibilities, duties, obligations or liabilities shall be read into this Agreement or any other Loan Document or otherwise exist against any Agent.

11.2 Delegation of Duties. Each Agent may execute any of its duties under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents by or through agents or attorneys-in-fact and shall be entitled to advice of counsel concerning all matters pertaining to such duties. No Agent shall be responsible for the negligence or misconduct of any agents or attorneys in-fact selected by it with reasonable care.

11.3 Exculpatory Provisions. Neither any Agent nor any of their respective officers, directors, employees, agents, attorneys-in-fact or affiliates shall be (i) liable for any action lawfully taken or omitted to be taken by it or such Person under or in connection with this Agreement or any other Loan Document (except to the extent that any of the foregoing are found by a final and nonappealable decision of a court of competent jurisdiction to have resulted from its or such Person's own gross negligence or willful misconduct) or (ii) responsible in any manner to any of the Lenders for any recitals, statements, representations or warranties made by any Loan Party or any officer thereof contained in this Agreement or any other Loan Document or in any certificate, report, statement or other document referred to or provided for in, or received by the Agents under or in connection with, this Agreement or any other Loan Document or for the value, validity, effectiveness, genuineness, enforceability or sufficiency of this Agreement or any other Loan Document or for any failure of any Loan Party a party thereto to perform its obligations hereunder or thereunder. The Agents shall not be under any obligation to any Lender to ascertain or to inquire as to the

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observance or performance of any of the agreements contained in, or conditions of, this Agreement or any other Loan Document, or to inspect the properties, books or records of any Loan Party.

11.4 Reliance by Agents. Each Agent shall be entitled to rely, and shall be fully protected in relying, upon any instrument, writing, resolution, notice, consent, certificate, affidavit, letter, telecopy, telex or teletype message, statement, order or other document or conversation believed by it to be genuine and correct and to have been signed, sent or made by the proper Person or Persons and upon advice and statements of legal counsel (including, without limitation, counsel to the Loan Parties), independent accountants and other experts selected by the Administrative Agent. The Agents may deem and treat the payee of any Note as the owner thereof for all purposes unless a written notice of assignment, negotiation or transfer thereof shall have been filed with the Administrative Agent. Each Agent shall be fully justified in failing or refusing to take any action under this Agreement or any other Loan Document unless it shall first receive such advice or concurrence of the Required Lenders (or a different requisite group of Lenders if so specified by this Agreement) as it deems appropriate or it shall first be indemnified to its satisfaction by the Lenders against any and all liability and expense which may be incurred by it by reason of taking or continuing to take any such action. Each Agent shall in all cases be fully protected in acting, or in refraining from acting, under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents in accordance with a request of the Required Lenders (or a different requisite group of Lenders if so specified by this Agreement), and such request and any action taken or failure to act pursuant thereto shall be binding upon all the Lenders and all future holders of the Loans.

11.5 Notice of Default. No Agent shall be deemed to have knowledge or notice of the occurrence of any Default or Event of Default hereunder unless such Agent has received notice from a Lender or the Company referring to this Agreement, describing such Default or Event of Default and stating that such notice is a "notice of default". In the event that the Administrative Agent receives such a notice, the Administrative Agent shall give notice thereof to the Lenders. The Administrative Agent shall take such action with respect to such Default or Event of Default as shall be reasonably directed by the Required Lenders (or a different requisite group of Lenders if so specified by this Agreement); provided that unless and until the Administrative Agent shall have received such directions, the Administrative Agent may (but shall not be obligated to) take such action, or refrain from taking such action, with respect to such Default or Event of Default as it shall deem advisable in the best interests of the Lenders.

11.6 Non-Reliance on Agents and Other Lenders. Each Lender expressly acknowledges that neither the Agents nor any of their respective officers, directors, employees, agents, attorneys-in-fact or affiliates have made any representations or warranties to it and that no act by any Agent hereinafter taken, including any review of the affairs of a Loan Party or any affiliate of a Loan Party, shall be deemed to constitute any representation or warranty by any Agent to any Lender. Each Lender represents to the Agents that it has, independently and without reliance upon any Agent or any other Lender, and based on such documents and information as it has deemed appropriate, made its own appraisal of and investigation into the business, operations, property, financial and other condition and creditworthiness of the Loan Parties and their affiliates and made its own decision to make its Loans hereunder and enter into this Agreement. Each Lender also represents that it will,

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independently and without reliance upon any Agent or any other Lender, and based on such documents and information as it shall deem appropriate at the time, continue to make its own credit analysis, appraisals and decisions in taking or not taking action under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, and to make such investigation as it deems necessary to inform itself as to the business, operations, property, financial and other condition and creditworthiness of the Loan Parties and their affiliates. Except for notices, reports and other documents expressly required to be furnished to the Lenders by the Administrative Agent hereunder, no Agent shall have any duty or responsibility to provide any Lender with any credit or other information concerning the business, operations, property, condition (financial or otherwise), prospects or creditworthiness of any Loan Party or any affiliate of a Loan Party which may come into the possession of such Agent or any of its officers, directors, employees, agents, attorneys-in-fact or affiliates.

11.7 Indemnification. The Lenders agree to indemnify each Agent in its capacity as such (to the extent not reimbursed by the Company and without limiting the obligation of the Company to do so), ratably according to their respective Aggregate Exposure Percentages in effect on the date on which indemnification is sought under this Section 11.7 (or, if indemnification is sought after the date upon which the Commitments shall have terminated and the Loans shall have been paid in full, ratably in accordance with such Aggregate Exposure Percentages immediately prior to such date), from and against any and all liabilities, obligations, losses, damages, penalties, actions, judgments, suits, costs, expenses or disbursements of any kind whatsoever which may at any time (including, without limitation, at any time following the payment of the Loans) be imposed on, incurred by or asserted against such Agent in any way relating to or arising out of, the Commitments, this Agreement, any of the other Loan Documents or any documents contemplated by or referred to herein or therein or the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby or any action taken or omitted by such Agent under or in connection with any of the foregoing; provided that no Lender shall be liable for the payment of any portion of such liabilities, obligations, losses, damages, penalties, actions, judgments, suits, costs, expenses or disbursements which are found by a final and nonappealable decision of a court of competent jurisdiction to have resulted from such Agent's gross negligence or willful misconduct. The agreements in this Section 11.7 shall survive the payment of the Loans and all other amounts payable hereunder.

11.8 Agent in Its Individual Capacity. Each Agent and its affiliates may make loans to, accept deposits from and generally engage in any kind of business with any Loan Party as though such Agent was not an Agent. With respect to its Loans made or renewed by it and with respect to any Letter of Credit issued or participated in by it, each Agent shall have the same rights and powers under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents as any Lender and may exercise the same as though it were not an Agent, and the terms "Lender" and "Lenders" shall include each Agent in its individual capacity.

11.9 Successor Administrative Agent. The Administrative Agent may resign as Administrative Agent upon 30 days' notice to the Lenders and the Company. If the Administrative Agent shall resign as Administrative Agent under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, then the Required Lenders shall appoint from among the Lenders a successor agent for the Lenders, which successor agent shall (unless an Event of Default under Section 9(a) or Section 9(f) with respect to the Company shall have occurred and be continuing) be subject to approval by the Company (which approval shall not be

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unreasonably withheld or delayed), whereupon such successor agent shall succeed to the rights, powers and duties of the Administrative Agent, and the term "Administrative Agent" shall mean such successor agent effective upon such appointment and approval, and the former Administrative Agent's rights, powers and duties as Administrative Agent shall be terminated, without any other or further act or deed on the part of such former Administrative Agent or any of the parties to this Agreement or any holders of the Loans. If no successor agent has accepted appointment as Administrative Agent by the date that is 30 days following a retiring Administrative Agent's notice of resignation, the retiring Administrative Agent's resignation shall nevertheless thereupon become effective, and the Lenders shall assume and perform all of the duties of the Administrative Agent hereunder until such time, if any, as the Required Lenders appoint a successor agent as provided for above. The Syndication Agent may, at any time, by notice to the Lenders and the Administrative Agent, resign as Syndication Agent hereunder, whereupon the duties, rights, obligations and responsibilities hereunder shall automatically be assumed by, and inure to the benefit of, the Administrative Agent, without any further act by the Syndication Agent, the Administrative Agent or any Lender. After any retiring Agent's resignation as Agent, the provisions of this Section 11 shall inure to its benefit as to any actions taken or omitted to be taken by it while it was Agent under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.

11.10 Authorization to Release Liens. The Administrative Agent is hereby irrevocably authorized by each of the Lenders to release any Lien covering any Property of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries that is the subject of a Disposition which is permitted by this Agreement or which has been consented to in accordance with Section 12.1.

11.11 Public Deeds for Purposes of Spanish Law. The Administrative Agent is hereby expressly authorized and instructed by the Lenders to public deed this Agreement in Spain before a Notary or Official Stockbroker, to accept the public deeding of a pledge by Exide Holding Europe S.A. of all of its shares in the Spanish company "Sociedad Espanola del Acumulador Tudor, S.A.", to extinguish such pledge and to make such amendments, additions, supplements or corrections to the aforesaid public deeds as the Administrative Agent shall, in its reasonable discretion, deem to be necessary or appropriate.

11.12 The Arrangers. The Arrangers, in their respective capacities as such, shall have no duties or responsibilities, and shall incur no liability, under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.

SECTION 12. MISCELLANEOUS

12.1 Amendments and Waivers. Neither this Agreement, any other Loan Document, nor any terms hereof or thereof may be amended, supplemented or modified except in accordance with the provisions of this Section 12.1. The Required Lenders and each Loan Party party to the relevant Loan Document may, or (with the written consent of the Required Lenders) the Agents and each Loan Party party to the relevant Loan Document may, from time to time, (a) enter into written amendments, supplements or modifications hereto and to the other Loan Documents for the purpose of adding any provisions to this Agreement or the other Loan Documents or changing in any manner the rights of the Lenders or of the Loan Parties hereunder or thereunder or (b) waive, on such terms and conditions as the Required Lenders, or the Agents, as the case may be, may specify in such instrument, any of the requirements of this Agreement or the other Loan Documents or any

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Default or Event of Default and its consequences; provided, however, that no such waiver and no such amendment, supplement or modification shall (i) forgive the principal amount or extend the final scheduled date of maturity of any Loan, extend the scheduled date or reduced the amount of any scheduled amortization payment in respect of any Term Loan, reduce the stated rate of any interest, fee or letter of credit commission payable hereunder or extend the scheduled date of any payment thereof, or increase the amount or extend the expiration date of any Lender's Revolving Credit Commitment, in each case without the consent of each Lender directly affected thereby; (ii) amend, modify or waive any provision of this Section 12.1 or reduce any percentage specified in the definition of Required Lenders or Required Prepayment Lenders, consent to the assignment or transfer by the Company of any of its rights and obligations under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, release all or substantially all of the Collateral or release all or substantially all of the Guarantors from their obligations under the Collateral Agreement, in each case without the written consent of all Lenders; (iii) reduce any percentage specified in the definition of Required Foreign Lenders without the written consent of all Foreign Lenders;
(iv) reduce the percentage specified in the definition of Majority Facility Lenders or Majority Revolving Credit Facility Lenders without the written consent of all Lenders under each affected Facility; (v) amend, modify or waive any provision of Section 11 without the written consent of the Agents; (vi) amend, modify or waive any provision of Section 2.7 without the written consent of the Swing Line Lenders; or (viii) amend, modify or waive any provision of
Section 4 without the written consent of the Issuing Lenders. Any such waiver and any such amendment, supplement or modification shall apply equally to each of the relevant Lenders and shall be binding upon the Loan Parties, the Lenders, the Administrative Agent and all future holders of the Loans. In the case of any waiver, the Loan Parties, the Lenders and the Administrative Agent shall be restored to their former position and rights hereunder and under the other Loan Documents, and any Default or Event of Default waived shall be deemed to be cured and not continuing; but no such waiver shall extend to any subsequent or other Default or Event of Default, or impair any right consequent thereon.

12.2 Notices. All notices, requests and demands to or upon the respective parties hereto to be effective shall be in writing (including by telecopy), and, unless otherwise expressly provided herein, shall be deemed to have been duly given or made when delivered, or three Business Days after being deposited in the mail, postage prepaid, or, in the case of telecopy notice, when received, addressed as follows in the case of the Company, the Syndication Agent and the Administrative Agent, as set forth on Schedule 1.1B hereto, in the case of the Borrowing Subsidiaries and as set forth in an administrative questionnaire delivered to the Administrative Agent in the case of the Lenders, or to such other address as may be hereafter notified by the respective parties hereto:

The Company:             Exide Corporation
                         645 Penn Street
                         Reading, Pennsylvania  19612-4205
                         Attention:  Treasurer
                         Telecopy:  (610) 378-0315
                         Telephone:  (610) 378-0315

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The Syndication Agent:       Lehman Commercial Paper Inc.
                             3 World Financial Center
                             New York, New York 10285
                             Attention:  Michele Swanson
                             Telecopy:  (212) 528-0819
                             Telephone:  (212) 526-0330

The Administrative Agent:    Credit Suisse First Boston
                             11 Madison Avenue
                             New York, New York  10010
                             Attention:  Bruce MacKenzie
                             Fax:  (212) 325-8304

with, in the case of notices
with respect to any of the
Borrowing Subsidiaries, a

copy to:                     Credit Suisse First Boston
                             One Cabot Square
                             London E14 4QJ
                             England
                             Attention:  Ian Piddock
                             Fax:  44-171-888-8398

provided that any notice, request or demand to or upon either Agent or the Lenders shall not be effective until received.

12.3 No Waiver; Cumulative Remedies. No failure to exercise and no delay in exercising, on the part of the either Agent or any Lender, any right, remedy, power or privilege hereunder or under the other Loan Documents shall operate as a waiver thereof; nor shall any single or partial exercise of any right, remedy, power or privilege hereunder preclude any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right, remedy, power or privilege. The rights, remedies, powers and privileges herein provided are cumulative and not exclusive of any rights, remedies, powers and privileges provided by law.

12.4 Survival of Representations and Warranties. All representations and warranties made hereunder, in the other Loan Documents and in any document, certificate or statement delivered pursuant hereto or in connection herewith shall survive the execution and delivery of this Agreement and the making of the Loans hereunder.

12.5 Payment of Expenses. Each of the Borrowers jointly and severally agrees (a) to pay or reimburse the Agents for all their reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses incurred in connection with the development, preparation and execution of, and any amendment, supplement or modification to, this Agreement and the other Loan Documents and any other documents prepared in connection herewith or therewith, and the consummation and administration of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, including, without limitation, the reasonable fees and disbursements of counsel to the Administrative Agent, (b) to pay or reimburse each Lender and the Agents for all its costs and expenses incurred in connection with the enforcement or preservation of any rights

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under this Agreement, the other Loan Documents and any such other documents, including, without limitation, the fees and disbursements of counsel (including the allocated fees and expenses of in-house counsel) to each Lender and of counsel to the Agents, (c) to pay, indemnify, and hold each Lender and the Agents harmless from, any and all recording and filing fees or any amendment, supplement or modification of, or any waiver or consent under or in respect of, this Agreement, the other Loan Documents and any such other documents, and (d) to pay, indemnify, and hold each Lender, each Agent, each of their respective affiliates, and each of their respective officers, directors, employees, affiliates, agents and controlling persons (each, an "indemnitee") harmless from and against any and all other liabilities, obligations, losses, damages, penalties, actions, judgments, suits, costs, expenses or disbursements of any kind or nature whatsoever with respect to the execution, delivery, enforcement, performance and administration of this Agreement, the other Loan Documents and any such other documents, including, without limitation, any of the foregoing relating to the use of proceeds of the Loans or the violation of, noncompliance with or liability under, any Environmental Law applicable to the operations of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any of the Properties (all the foregoing in this clause (d), collectively, the "indemnified liabilities"), provided, that none of the Borrowers shall have any obligation hereunder to any indemnitee with respect to indemnified liabilities to the extent such indemnified liabilities are found by a final and nonappealable decision of a court of competent jurisdiction to have resulted from the gross negligence or willful misconduct of such indemnitee. Without limiting the foregoing, and to the extent permitted by applicable law, each of the Borrowers agrees not to assert and to cause its respective Subsidiaries not to assert, and hereby waive and agree to cause its respective Subsidiaries to so waive, all rights for contribution or any other rights of recovery with respect to all claims, demands, penalties, fines, liabilities, settlements, damages, costs and expenses of whatever kind or nature, under or related to Environmental Laws, that any of them might have by statute or otherwise against any indemnitee. The agreements in this Section shall survive repayment of the Loans and all other amounts payable hereunder.

12.6 Successors and Assigns; Participations and Assignments. (a) This Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the Company, the Lenders, the Agents, all future holders of the Loans and their respective successors and assigns, except that the Company may not assign or transfer any of its rights or obligations under this Agreement without the prior written consent of the Agents and each Lender.

(b) Any Lender may, without the consent of the Company, in accordance with applicable law, at any time sell to one or more banks, financial institutions or other entities (each, a "Participant") participating interests in any Loan owing to such Lender, any Commitment of such Lender or any other interest of such Lender hereunder and under the other Loan Documents. In the event of any such sale by a Lender of a participating interest to a Participant, such Lender's obligations under this Agreement to the other parties to this Agreement shall remain unchanged, such Lender shall remain solely responsible for the performance thereof, such Lender shall remain the holder of any such Loan for all purposes under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, and the Company and the Agents shall continue to deal solely and directly with such Lender in connection with such Lender's rights and obligations under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents. In no event shall any Participant under any such participation have any right to approve any amendment or waiver of any provision of any Loan Document, or any consent to any departure by any Loan Party therefrom, except to the extent that such amendment, waiver or consent would

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reduce the principal of, or interest on, the Loans or any fees payable hereunder, or postpone the date of the final maturity of the Loans, in each case to the extent subject to such participation or would release all or substantially all of the Collateral or release all or substantially all of the Guarantors from their obligations under the Collateral Agreement. The Company agrees that if amounts outstanding under this Agreement and the Loans are due or unpaid, or shall have been declared or shall have become due and payable upon the occurrence of an Event of Default, each Participant shall, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, be deemed to have the right of setoff in respect of its participating interest in amounts owing under this Agreement to the same extent as if the amount of its participating interest were owing directly to it as a Lender under this Agreement, provided that, in purchasing such participating interest, such Participant shall be deemed to have agreed to share with the Lenders the proceeds thereof as provided in Section 12.7(a) as fully as if it were a Lender hereunder. The Company also agrees that each Participant shall be entitled to the benefits of Sections 3.12, 3.13 and 3.14 with respect to its participation in the Commitments and the Loans outstanding from time to time as if it was a Lender; provided that, in the case of Section 3.13, such Participant shall have complied with the requirements of said Section and provided, further, that no Participant shall be entitled to receive any greater amount pursuant to any such Section than the transferor Lender would have been entitled to receive in respect of the amount of the participation transferred by such transferor Lender to such Participant had no such transfer occurred.

(c) Any Lender (an "Assignor") may, in accordance with applicable law, at any time and from time to time assign to any Lender, any affiliate thereof or, with the consent of the Company and the Agents (which, in each case, shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed) (provided that the consent of the Company need not be obtained with respect to any assignment of Term Loans), to an additional bank, financial institution or other entity (an "Assignee") all or any part of its rights and obligations under this Agreement pursuant to an Assignment and Acceptance, substantially in the form of Exhibit K, executed by such Assignee, such Assignor, the Administrative Agent and the Syndication Agent (and, where the consent of the Company is required pursuant to the foregoing provisions, by the Company) and delivered to the Administrative Agent for its acceptance and recording in the Register; provided that no such assignment to an Assignee (other than to any Lender or any affiliate thereof) shall be in an aggregate principal amount of less than $5,000,000 (other than in the case of an assignment of all of a Lender's interests under this Agreement), unless otherwise agreed by the Company, the Administrative Agent and the Syndication Agent. Any such assignment need not be ratable as among the Facilities. Upon such execution, delivery, acceptance and recording, from and after the effective date determined pursuant to such Assignment and Acceptance (which, unless the Administrative Agent shall otherwise agree, shall not be less than three Business Days following the delivery to the Administrative Agent of such Assignment and Acceptance for acceptance and recording), (x) the Assignee thereunder shall be a party hereto and, to the extent provided in such Assignment and Acceptance, have the rights and obligations of a Lender hereunder with a Commitment and/or Loans as set forth therein, and (y) the Assignor thereunder shall, to the extent provided in such Assignment and Acceptance, be released from its obligations under this Agreement (and, in the case of an Assignment and Acceptance covering all of an Assignor's rights and obligations under this Agreement, such assigning Lender shall cease to be a party hereto). Notwithstanding any provision of this Section 12.6, the consent of the Company shall not be required for any assignment which occurs at any time when any Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing.

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(d) The Administrative Agent shall maintain at its address referred to in Section 12.2 a copy of each Assignment and Acceptance delivered to it and a register (the "Register") for the recordation of the names and addresses of the Lenders and the Commitment of, and principal amount of the Loans owing to, each Lender from time to time and any Notes evidencing such Loans. The entries in the Register shall be conclusive, in the absence of manifest error, and the Company, the Administrative Agent and the Lenders shall treat each Person whose name is recorded in the Register as the owner of the Loan and any Note evidencing such Loan recorded therein for all purposes of this Agreement. Any assignment of any Loan whether or not evidenced by a Note shall be effective only upon appropriate entries with respect thereto being made in the Register (and each Note shall expressly so provide). Any assignment or transfer of all or part of a Loan evidenced by a Note shall be registered on the Register only upon surrender for registration of assignment or transfer of the Note evidencing such Loan, accompanied by a duly executed Assignment and Acceptance, and thereupon one or more new Notes in the same aggregate principal amount shall be issued to the designated Assignee and the old Notes shall be returned by the Administrative Agent to the Company marked "cancelled". The Register shall be available for inspection by the Company or any Lender at any reasonable time and from time to time upon reasonable prior notice.

(e) Upon its receipt of an Assignment and Acceptance executed by an assigning Lender and an Assignee (and, in the case of an Assignee that is not then a Lender or an affiliate thereof or a Person under common management with such Lender, by the Company, the Administrative Agent and the Syndication Agent) together with payment to the Administrative Agent of a registration and processing fee of $3,500 (except that (i) such fee shall be payable by the Company, in the event of any assignment made at the request of the Company pursuant to Section 3.17 and (ii) no such registration and processing fee shall be payable in the case of an Assignee which is an affiliate of the assigning Lender), the Administrative Agent shall (i) promptly accept such Assignment and Acceptance and (ii) on the effective date determined pursuant thereto record the information contained therein in the Register. On or prior to such effective date, the Company, at its own expense, upon request, shall execute and deliver to the Administrative Agent (in exchange for the Revolving Credit Note and/or Term Notes, as the case may be, of the assigning Lender) a new Revolving Credit Note and/or Term Notes, as the case may be, to the order of such Assignee in an amount equal to the Revolving Credit Commitment and/or applicable Term Loans, as the case may be, assumed or acquired by it pursuant to such Assignment and Acceptance and, if the assigning Lender has retained a Revolving Credit Commitment and/or Term Loans, as the case may be, upon request, a new Revolving Credit Note and/or Term Notes, as the case may be, to the order of the assigning Lender in an amount equal to the Revolving Credit Commitment and/or applicable Term Loans, as the case may be, retained by it hereunder. Such new Notes shall be dated the Closing Date and shall otherwise be in the form of the Note replaced thereby.

(f) For avoidance of doubt, the parties to this Agreement acknowledge that the provisions of this Section concerning assignments of Loans and Notes relate only to absolute assignments and that such provisions do not prohibit assignments creating security interests, including, without limitation, any pledge or assignment by a Lender of any Loan or Note to (i) any Federal Reserve Bank in accordance with applicable law or (ii) the Trustee with respect to a pool of collateralized loan obligations which includes the obligations owing to such Lender hereunder.


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(g) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, any Lender (a "Granting Bank") may grant to a special purpose funding vehicle (an "SPC") of such Granting Bank, identified as such in writing from time to time by

the Granting Bank to the Administrative Agent and the Company, the option to provide to the Borrowers all or any part of any Loan that such Granting Bank would otherwise be obligated to make to the Borrowers pursuant to Section 2.2 or 2.4; provided that (i) nothing contained shall constitute a commitment by any SPC to make any Loan and (ii) if an SPC elects not to exercise such option or otherwise fails to provide all or any part of such Loan, the Granting Bank shall be obligated to make such Loan pursuant to the terms hereof. The making of a Loan by an SPC hereunder shall be deemed to utilize the Commitments of all Lenders to the same extent, and as if, such Loan were made by the Granting Bank. Each party hereto hereby agrees that no SPC shall be liable for any payment under this Agreement for which a Lender would otherwise be liable for so long as, and to the extent that, the related Granting Bank makes such payment. In furtherance of the foregoing, each party hereto hereby agrees that, prior to the date that is one year and one day after the payment in full of all outstanding senior indebtedness of any SPC, it will not institute against, or join any other Person in instituting against, such SPC any bankruptcy, reorganization arrangement, insolvency or liquidation proceedings or similar proceedings under the laws of the United States or any state thereof.

12.7 Adjustments; Set-off. (a) On the date of occurrence of any Event of Default specified in clause (i) or (ii) of Section 9(f), each Lender shall be deemed to have purchased an interest in the Obligations owing to each other Lender (and, to the extent necessary after giving effect to any actual recoveries on such Obligations, shall actually fund such purchase) such that, after giving effect to all such purchases or deemed purchases, each Lender is owed directly or through such purchase or deemed purchase the portion of the aggregate amount of Obligations then outstanding with respect to each of the Tranche A Term Loan Commitment, the Tranche B Term Loan Commitment and the Revolving Credit Commitment equal to such Lender's ratable share of all Obligations then outstanding with respect to each such commitment. Each Lender hereby acknowledges and agrees that its obligation to purchase such Obligations in accordance with the provisions of this Section 12.7(a) shall be irrevocable and unconditional.

(b) If any Lender (a "Benefitted Lender") in a particular Facility shall at any time receive any payment of all or part of its Loans or the Reimbursement Obligations owing to it, or interest thereon, or receive any collateral in respect thereof (whether voluntarily or involuntarily, by set-off, pursuant to events or proceedings of the nature referred to in Section 9(f), or otherwise), in a greater proportion than any such payment to or collateral received by any other Lender in such Facility in respect of such other Lender's Loans or the Reimbursement Obligations owing to such other Lender with respect to such Facility, or interest thereon, such Benefitted Lender shall purchase for cash from the other Lenders in such Facility a participating interest in such portion of each such other Lender's Loans and/or of the Reimbursement Obligations owing to each such other Lender with respect to such Facility, or shall provide such other Lenders in such Facility with the benefits of any such collateral, or the proceeds thereof, as shall be necessary to cause such Benefitted Lender to share the excess payment or benefits of such collateral or proceeds ratably with each of the Lenders in such Facility; provided, however, that if all or any portion of such excess payment or benefits is thereafter recovered from such Benefitted Lender, such purchase shall be rescinded, and the purchase price and benefits returned, to the extent of such recovery, but without interest.

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(c) In addition to any rights and remedies of the Lenders provided by law, each Lender shall have the right, without prior notice to the Company or any of the other Borrowers, any such notice being expressly waived by the Company and each other Borrower to the extent permitted by applicable law, upon any amount becoming due and payable by the Company or any other Borrower hereunder (whether at the stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise) to set off and appropriate and apply against such amount any and all deposits (general or special, time or demand, provisional or final), in any currency, and any other credits, indebtedness or claims, in any currency, in each case whether direct or indirect, absolute or contingent, matured or unmatured, at any time held or owing by such Lender or any branch or agency thereof to or for the credit or the account of the Company or such other Borrower. Each Lender agrees promptly to notify the Company, such other Borrower and the Administrative Agent after any such setoff and application made by such Lender, provided that the failure to give such notice shall not affect the validity of such setoff and application.

12.8 Conversion of Loans. Upon the occurrence of any of the following events:

(a) an Event of Default specified in clause (i) or (ii) of Section 9(f); or

(b) at the request of the Administrative Agent and the Syndication Agent in their discretion or upon the direction of the Required Lenders, in each case, upon the occurrence of any other Event of Default; or

(c) at the request of the Administrative Agent and the Syndication Agent in their discretion or upon the direction of the Majority Foreign Lenders in respect of a particular Optional Currency, in each case, upon the occurrence of an Event of Default specified in Section 9(a) with respect to any Loan or Reimbursement Obligation or interest or other amount payable thereon in such Optional Currency;

then,

(i) if such event is one of the events specified in clause (a) or (b) above (A) all outstanding Revolving Credit Loans, Reimbursement Obligations and Swing Line Loans denominated in any Optional Currency shall promptly be converted by each Lender thereof into Dollars at the actual exchange rate at which such Lender is able to obtain the applicable amount of the relevant Optional Currency and (B) all outstanding Letters of Credit denominated in any Optional Currency with respect to which presentment for honor shall not have occurred at the time of the occurrence of such event shall automatically be converted by the relevant Issuing Lender thereof into Dollars in the manner provided in clause (A) of this paragraph (i) immediately after the time, if any, at which a draft shall have been presented under any such Letter of Credit and shall have been paid by the relevant Issuing Lender;

(ii) if such event is an event specified in clause (c) above with respect to any Optional Currency (A) all outstanding Revolving Credit Loans, Reimbursement Obligations and Swing Line Loans in such Optional Currency shall promptly be converted by each Lender thereof into Dollars at the actual exchange rate at which such Lender is able to obtain the applicable amount of such Optional Currency and (B) all outstanding Letters of Credit


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denominated in such Optional Currency with respect to which presentment for honor shall not have occurred at the time of the occurrence of such event shall be automatically converted into Dollars in the manner provided in clause (A) of this paragraph (ii) immediately after the time, if any, at which a draft shall have been presented under any such Letter of Credit and shall have been paid by the relevant Issuing Lender; and

(iii) to the extent that, after giving effect to any actual recoveries on such Obligations, the Tranche B Term Loan Lenders would, in the absence of the conversion described in this clause (iii) below, be obligated to fund a purchase of a participating interest in the Obligations pursuant to Section 12.7 in any Optional Currency, all outstanding Term Loans denominated in any Optional Currency shall promptly be converted by each Lender thereof into Dollars at the actual exchange rate at which such Lender is able to obtain the applicable amount of the relevant Optional Currency.

Promptly following any such conversion, each such Lender shall notify the Administrative Agent of the exchange rate utilized by it in making its conversion (which rate shall be deemed to be correct, in the absence of manifest error) and the amount in Dollars of its relevant converted Loans (after giving effect to such conversion). The Administrative Agent promptly shall notify each such Lender, the relevant Borrower and the Company of the aggregate outstanding principal amount (in Dollars) of such converted Loan and shall provide the relevant Borrower and the Company with the conversion data provided to the Administrative Agent by each such Lender. From and after such conversion, (i) all such specified Loans shall be deemed to be outstanding in Dollars as Base Rate Loans (with such conversion constituting, for purposes of Section 3.14, a prepayment of such Loans before the last day of the Interest Period with respect thereto) and (ii) all amounts from time to time accruing, and all amounts from time to time payable, on account of such converted Loans (including, without limitation, any interest and other amounts which were accrued but unpaid on the date of such conversion) shall be payable in Dollars as if such Loan originally had been made in Dollars. Any such request specified clause (b) or (c) of this
Section 12.8 shall be made by delivering to the relevant Lenders, the relevant Borrower and the Company a notice to such effect (an "Acquisition Loan Conversion Notice"), which Acquisition Loan Conversion Notice shall, in the case of the event specified in clause (a) of this Section 12.8, be deemed to have been delivered automatically, without actual delivery thereof or any other action by any Person, immediately prior to the occurrence of such event.

12.9 Addition of Borrowing Subsidiaries. This Agreement will be amended to add Subsidiaries of the Company as additional Borrowing Subsidiaries and to specify the Designated Maximum with respect thereto upon (x) execution and delivery by the Company, such additional Borrowing Subsidiary and the Administrative Agent, of a Borrowing Subsidiary Joinder Agreement, providing for such Subsidiaries to become Borrowing Subsidiaries (y) delivery to the Agents of
(1) satisfactory corporate resolutions, other corporate documents, certificates and legal opinions in respect of such additional Borrowing Subsidiaries substantially equivalent to comparable documents delivered on the Closing Date in respect of the Borrowing Subsidiaries party to this Agreement on the Closing Date, and (2) such other documents with respect thereto as the Agents shall reasonably request and (z) the written approval of all the Lenders, including the written approval of all the Lenders to the Designated Maximum with respect to each such Borrowing Subsidiary.

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12.10 Collateral Agency and Intercreditor Agreement. Each Lender hereby acknowledges that it has fully reviewed each Collateral Agency and Intercreditor Agreement and agrees to be comply with the terms thereof as if it were a direct signatory thereto.

12.11 Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed by one or more of the parties to this Agreement on any number of separate counterparts (including by telecopy), and all of said counterparts taken together shall be deemed to constitute one and the same instrument. A set of the copies of this Agreement signed by all the parties shall be lodged with the Company and the Administrative Agent.

12.12 Severability. Any provision of this Agreement which is prohibited or unenforceable in any jurisdiction shall, as to such jurisdiction, be ineffective to the extent of such prohibition or unenforceability without invalidating the remaining provisions hereof, and any such prohibition or unenforceability in any jurisdiction shall not invalidate or render unenforceable such provision in any other jurisdiction.

12.13 Integration. This Agreement and the other Loan Documents represent the agreement of the Borrowers, the Guarantors, the Administrative Agent and the Lenders with respect to the subject matter hereof, and there are no promises, undertakings, representations or warranties by the Administrative Agent or any Lender relative to subject matter hereof not expressly set forth or referred to herein or in the other Loan Documents.

12.14 GOVERNING LAW. THIS AGREEMENT AND THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES UNDER THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE GOVERNED BY, AND CONSTRUED AND INTERPRETED IN ACCORDANCE WITH, THE LAW OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK.

12.15 Submission To Jurisdiction; Waivers. Each of the Borrowers and the Guarantors hereby irrevocably and unconditionally:

(a) submits for itself and its Property in any legal action or proceeding relating to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents to which it is a party, or for recognition and enforcement of any judgment in respect thereof, to the non-exclusive general jurisdiction of the Courts of the State of New York, the courts of the United States of America for the Southern District of New York, and appellate courts from any thereof;

(b) consents that any such action or proceeding may be brought in such courts and waives any objection that it may now or hereafter have to the venue of any such action or proceeding in any such court or that such action or proceeding was brought in an inconvenient court and agrees not to plead or claim the same;

(c) agrees that service of process in any such action or proceeding may be effected by mailing a copy thereof by registered or certified mail (or any substantially similar form of mail), postage prepaid, to the Company, at the Company's address set forth in Section 12.2 or at such other address of which the Administrative Agent shall have been notified pursuant thereto, and each Borrowing Subsidiary and each Guarantor hereby irrevocably appoints the Company as its agent for service of process and the Company hereby accepts such appointment and irrevocably agrees to act

as


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such agent and to promptly provide to each Borrowing Subsidiary and each Guarantor copies of any documents served upon it as agent for each Borrowing Subsidiary and each Guarantor;

(d) agrees that nothing herein shall affect the right to effect service of process in any other manner permitted by law or shall limit the right to sue in any other jurisdiction; and

(e) waives, to the maximum extent not prohibited by law, any right it may have to claim or recover in any legal action or proceeding referred to in this Section 12.15 any special, exemplary, punitive or consequential damages.

          12.16  Acknowledgements.  Each of the Borrowers hereby acknowledges
                 ----------------
that:

          (a)  it has been advised by counsel in the negotiation, execution and

delivery of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents;

(b) neither the Administrative Agent nor any Lender has any fiduciary relationship with or duty to any of the Borrowers arising out of or in connection with this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents, and the relationship between Administrative Agent and Lenders, on one hand, and each of the Borrowers, on the other hand, in connection herewith or therewith is solely that of debtor and creditor; and

(c) no joint venture is created hereby or by the other Loan Documents or otherwise exists by virtue of the transactions contemplated hereby among the Lenders or among the Borrowers and the Lenders.

12.17 WAIVERS OF JURY TRIAL. EACH OF THE BORROWERS, THE GUARANTORS, THE AGENTS AND THE LENDERS HEREBY IRREVOCABLY AND UNCONDITIONALLY WAIVE TRIAL BY JURY IN ANY LEGAL ACTION OR PROCEEDING RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT OR ANY OTHER LOAN DOCUMENT AND FOR ANY COUNTERCLAIM THEREIN.

12.18 Confidentiality. Each of the Agents and each Lender agrees to keep confidential all non-public information provided to it by any Loan Party pursuant to this Agreement that is designated by such Loan Party as confidential; provided that nothing herein shall prevent any Agent or any Lender from disclosing any such information (a) to the Administrative Agent, any other Lender or any affiliate of any Lender, (b) to any Participant or Assignee (each, a "Transferee") or prospective Transferee which agrees to comply with the provisions of this Section, (c) to the employees, directors, agents, attorneys, accountants and other professional advisors of such Lender or its affiliates,
(d) upon the request or demand of any examiner or Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over the such Agent or such Lender, (e) in response to any order of any court or other Governmental Authority or as may otherwise be required pursuant to any Requirement of Law, (f) if requested or required to do so in connection with any litigation or similar proceeding, (g) which has been publicly disclosed other than in breach of this Section 12.18, (h) to the National Association of Insurance Commissioners or any similar organization or any nationally recognized rating agency that requires access to information about a Lender's investment portfolio in

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connection with ratings issued with respect to such Lender, or (i) in connection with the exercise of any remedy hereunder or under any other Loan Document.

12.19 Enforceability; Usury. In no event shall any provision of this Agreement or any other instrument evidencing or securing the indebtedness of any of the Borrowers hereunder ever obligate any of the Borrowers to pay or allow any Lender to collect interest on the Loans or any other indebtedness of any the Borrowers hereunder at a rate greater than the maximum non-usurious rate permitted by applicable law (herein referred to as the "Highest Lawful Rate"), or obligate any of the Borrowers to pay any taxes, assessments, charges, insurance premiums or other amounts to the extent that such payments, when added to the interest payable on the Loans or any other indebtedness hereunder, would be held to constitute the payment by such Borrower of interest at a rate greater than the Highest Lawful Rate; and this provision shall control over any provision to the contrary.

Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, in the event the maturity of all or any part of the principal amount of the indebtedness of any of the Borrowers hereunder shall be accelerated for any reason, then such principal amount so accelerated shall be credited with any interest theretofore paid thereon in advance and remaining unearned at the time of such acceleration. If, pursuant to the terms of this Agreement, any funds are applied to the payment of any part of the principal amount of the indebtedness of any of the Borrowers hereunder prior to the maturity thereof, then (a) any interest which would otherwise thereafter accrue on the principal amount so paid by such application shall be canceled, and (b) the indebtedness of such Borrower hereunder remaining unpaid after such application shall be credited with the amount of all interest, if any, theretofore collected on the principal amount so paid by such application and remaining unearned at the date of said application; and if the funds so applied shall be sufficient to pay in full all the indebtedness of such Borrower hereunder, then the Lenders shall refund to such Borrower all interest theretofore paid thereon in advance and remaining unearned at the time of such acceleration. Regardless of any other provision in this Agreement, or in any of the written evidences of the indebtedness of any of the Borrowers hereunder, none of the Borrowers shall be required to pay any unearned interest on such indebtedness or any portion thereof, and shall be required to pay interest thereon at a rate in excess of the Highest Lawful Rate construed by courts having competent jurisdiction thereof.

12.20 Judgment. The obligations of each Borrower hereunder due to any party hereto in Dollars (including, without limitation, by virtue of any conversion of a Loan or Reimbursement Obligation from an Optional Currency into Dollars pursuant to the provisions of Section 12.8) shall, notwithstanding any judgment in a currency (the "judgment currency") other than Dollars, be discharged only to the extent that on the Business Day following receipt by such party of any sum adjudged to be so due in the judgment currency such party may in accordance with normal banking procedures purchase Dollars with the judgment currency; if the amount of Dollars so purchased is less than the sum originally due to such party in Dollars, such Borrower agrees, as a separate obligation and notwithstanding any such judgment, to indemnify such party against such loss, and if the amount of Dollars so purchased exceeds the sum originally due to any party to this Agreement, such party agrees to remit to such Borrower such excess.

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12.21 German Limitations on Liability. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein or in any other Loan Document:

(a) the obligations hereunder with respect to each Borrower which is a gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (each, a "German GmbH Borrower") shall at all times be limited so that its liability as a Borrower under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall at no time require its payment of any moneys which are required to maintain its registered share capital (Stammkapital) to the extent solely that such share capital is protected by Sections 30 and 31 of the German Limited Liabilities Companies Act (the "GmbH-Gesetz"); and

(b) Neither the Administrative Agent nor any of the Lenders shall be entitled to enforce the obligations of any German GmbH Guarantor under
Section 10 for so long as, and solely to the extent that, such enforcement would cause such German GmbH Guarantor's net assets (Reinvermogen) to be reduced below the amount of its registered share capital which is protected by Sections 30 and 31 of the GmbH-Gesetz;

provided each guarantee provided by a Guarantor hereunder on account of the obligations of the German GmbH Borrowers shall be unimpaired by the provisions of this Section 12.21, such that each such Guarantor shall remain liable under
Section 10 hereof for the obligations of the German GmbH Borrowers to the same extent as it would have been liable in the absence of this Section 12.21.

12.22 Certain Waivers. Each Lender hereby agrees that, notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, certain of the Pledge Agreements and Mortgages may not be delivered prior to or on the Closing Date. Each Lender hereby waives compliance with the provisions of this Agreement to the extent and only to the extent necessary to permit the Closing Date to occur without the delivery of such Foreign Pledge Agreements, Mortgages and other documentation relating thereto and to permit the Borrowers to borrow under this Agreement. The Company hereby covenants that it shall, and shall cause its Subsidiaries to, deliver to the Administrative Agent each such Pledge Agreements, Mortgage and related documentation within 30 days following the Closing Date and that the failure to deliver any such Pledge Agreement, Mortgage or related documentation within such 30 day period shall constitute an Event of Default hereunder; provided that, with the consent of the Administrative Agent, such 30 day period may be extended by not more than an additional 30 days.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Agreement to be duly executed and delivered by their proper and duly authorized officers as of the day and year first above written.

EXIDE CORPORATION, as a Borrower and as a Guarantor

By:______________________________________ Name: Catherine B. Hnatin Title: Vice-President and Treasurer

EXIDE HOLDING EUROPE S.A.

COMPAGNIE EUROPEENNE D'ACCUMULATEURS S.A.

EURO EXIDE CORPORATION LIMITED

SOCIEDAD ESPANOLA DEL ACUMULADOR
TUDOR S.A.

TUDOR A.B.

EXIDE VERWALTUNGS GMBH

MERCOLEC TUDOR B.V.,

each as a Borrowing Subsidiary and as a
Guarantor

By:______________________________________
Name: Catherine B. Hnatin
Title: Attorney-in-Fact

ACCUMULATORENFABRIK SONNENSCHEIN GMBH

COMPAGNIA GENERALE ACCUMULATORI S.P.A.

SINAC S.R.L.

FULMEN IBERICA S.A.


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CMP BATTERIES LIMITED

CMP BATTERIJEN B.V.

SOCIETE FRANCAISE DES ACCUMULATEURS
TUDOR S.A.

CMP BATTERIER A/S

EXIDE AUTOMOTIVE BATTERIE GMBH

HAGEN BATTERIE A.G.

INDUSTRIA COMPOSIZIONI STAMPATE S.P.A.

HAGEN BATTERIJEN B.V.

ELECTRO MERCANTIL INDUSTRIAL S.A.

GAZTAMBIDE S.A.

TERRENOS Y CONSTRUCCIONES S.A.

T.S. BATTERIE S.R.L.

EXIDE BATTERIES LIMITED

B.I.G. BATTERIES LIMITED

EXIDE (DAGENHAM) LIMITED

EXIDE FRANCE S.A.

FULMEN UK LIMITED

EXIDE AUTOMOTIVE S.A.

CMP BATTERIJEN N.V.

SOCIEDAD PORTUGUESA DO ACUMULADOR TUDOR
S.A.

EXIDE DENMARK A/S

GEMALA SWEDEN AB

CENTRA S.A.

DETA AKKUMULATORENWERK GMBH


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MAREG ACCUMULATOREN GMBH

FRIWO SILBERKRAFT MBH

EXIDE SONNAK A/S

CMP BATTERIJEN S.A.

EXIDE AUTOMOTIVE S.A.

EXIDE LENDING LIMITED

each as a Guarantor, subject to the
limitations, if any, contained in
Schedule 10.1

By:_______________________________________
Name: Catherine B. Hnatin
Title: Attorney-in-Fact

GBC, INC.
as a Guarantor

By:_______________________________________
Name: Catherine B. Hnatin
Title: Assistant Secretary

GENERAL BATTERY CORPORATION
as a Guarantor

By: Exide Investments, Inc., trustee

By:_______________________________________
Name: Catherine B. Hnatin
Title: Assistant Secretary

EXIDE INTERNATIONAL, INC.
as a Guarantor

By:_______________________________________
Name: Catherine B. Hnatin
Title: Vice President


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LEHMAN BROTHERS INC., as Arranger

By:_________________________________
Name:
Title:

LEHMAN COMMERCIAL PAPER INC., as
Syndication Agent and as a Lender

By:_________________________________
Name:
Title:

CREDIT SUISSE FIRST BOSTON, as
Arranger and as Administrative Agent

By:_________________________________
Name:
Title:

By:_________________________________
Name:
Title:

CREDIT SUISSE FIRST BOSTON, as a
Lender

By:_________________________________
Name:
Title:

By:_________________________________
Name:
Title:

LEHMAN BROTHERS BANKHAUS AG

By:_________________________________
Name:
Title:


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ALPHA CREDIT BANK A.E.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

BANK OF MONTREAL

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

BANQUE PARIBAS

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

BANK POLSKA KASA OPIEKI S.A. - PEKAO
S.A.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

SCOTIABANK EUROPE PLC

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

BANKA POPOLARE DI BERGAMO-CREDITO
VARESINO S.C.A.R.L.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:


115

BANKBOSTON, N.A.

By:_____________________________________ Name:
Title:

BANQUE ET CAISSE D'EPARGNE DE L'ETAT,
LUXEMBOURG

By:_____________________________________ Name:
Title:

BHF BANK AKTENGESELLSCHAFT

By:_____________________________________ Name:
Title:

BANQUE NATIONALE DE PARIS

By:_____________________________________ Name:
Title:

BANCO ESPIRITO SANTO E COMERCIAL DE
LISBOA S.A.

By:_____________________________________ Name:
Title:

COMPAGNIE FINANCIERE DE CIC ET DE
L'UNION EUROPEENNE

By:_____________________________________ Name:
Title:


116

CITIBANK, N.A.

By:___________________________________
Name:
Title:

COMERICA BANK

By:___________________________________
Name:
Title:

COMMERZBANK AG

By:___________________________________
Name:
Title:

CREDIT AGRICOLE INDOSUEZ

By:___________________________________
Name:
Title:

DAI-ICHI KANGYO BANK, LTD.

By:___________________________________
Name:
Title:

DRESDNER BANK AG

By:___________________________________
Name:
Title:

NBD BANK

By:___________________________________
Name:
Title:


117

FIRST UNION NATIONAL BANK

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

CORESTATES BANK, N.A.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

INDUSTRIAL BANK OF JAPAN, LIMITED

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

OSTERREICHISCHE INVESTITIONSKREDIT AG

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

MEESPIERSON N.V.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

MELLON BANK, N.A.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

THE MITSUBISHI TRUST & BANKING
CORPORATION

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:


118

ISTITUTO BANCARIO SAN PAOLO DI TORINO,
S.P.A.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

SOCIETE GENERALE

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

THE SUMITOMO BANK, LIMITED

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

THE SUMITOMO TRUST & BANKING CO., LTD.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

TORONTO DOMINION (TEXAS), INC.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

PEOPLES SECURITY LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:


119

BANKERS LIFE & CASUALTY INSURANCE
COMPANY

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

FRANKLIN FLOATING RATE TRUST

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

ING HIGH INCOME PRINCIPAL

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

PRESERVATION FUND HOLDINGS, LDC

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

ARCHIMEDES FUNDING, L.L.C.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

MERRILL LYNCH SENIOR FLOATING RATE
FUND, INC.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:


120

METROPOLITAN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

OAK HILL SECURITIES FUND, L.P.

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

ORIX USA CORPORATION

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

PARIBAS CAPITAL FUNDING LLC

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

KZH HOLDING COMPANY III

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

PRIME INCOME TRUST

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

KZH-CRESCENT CORPORATION

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:


121

THE TRAVELERS INSURANCE COMPANY

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

THE BANK OF SCOTLAND

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:

THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA

By:____________________________________
Name:
Title:


Annex A

PRICING GRID FOR REVOLVING CREDIT LOANS, SWING LINE LOANS,
TRANCHE A TERM LOANS AND COMMITMENT FEES

======================================================================================================================

                      Applicable                    Applicable
                        Margin                        Margin
                          for                           for
                       Revolving                     Tranche A
                        Credit                         Term                       Applicable
                         Loans       Applicable        Loans       Applicable       Margin       Applicable
                       which are     Margin for      which are     Margin for    for Tranche     Margin for
                       Base Rate     Revolving       Base Rate     Tranche A        B Term       Tranche B
                       Loans or     Credit Loans     Loans or      Term Loans       Loans        Term Loans
Consolidated            Foreign      which are        Foreign      which are      which are      which are      Facility
  Leverage             Alternate    Eurocurrency     Alternate    Eurocurrency    Base Rate     Eurocurrency       Fee
    Ratio             Rate Loans       Loans        Rate Loans       Loans          Loans          Loans          Rate
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
greater than or
equal to 4.50 to 1      .50%            1.50%         1.00%           2.00%         1.25%           2.25%        .50%

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
greater than or
equal to 4.00 to 1      .25%            1.25%          .75%           1.75%         1.25%           2.25%        .50%
       and
less than 4.50 to 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
greater than or
equal to 3.50 to 1        0%            1.00%          .50%           1.50%         1.00%           2.00%        .50%
       and
less than 4.00 to 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
greater than or           0%             .75%          .25%           1.25%         1.00%           2.00%        .50%
equal to 3.00 to 1
       and
less than 3.50 to 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
less than 3.00 to 1       0%            .625%            0%           1.00%          .75%           1.75%       .375%
======================================================================================================================

Changes in the Applicable Margin or in the Facility Fee Rate resulting from changes in the Consolidated Leverage Ratio shall become effective on the date (the "Adjustment Date") on which financial statements are delivered to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders pursuant to Section 7.1 (but in any event not later than the 50th day after the end of each of the first three quarterly periods of each fiscal year or the 100th day after the end of each fiscal year, as the case may be) and shall remain in effect until the next change to be effected pursuant to this paragraph. If any financial statements referred to above are not delivered within the time periods specified above, then, until such financial statements are delivered, the Consolidated Leverage Ratio as at the end of the fiscal period that would have been covered thereby shall for the purposes of this definition be deemed to be greater than 4.50 to 1. In addition, at all times while an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, the Consolidated Leverage Ratio shall for the purposes of this definition be deemed to be greater than 4.50 to 1. Each determination of the Consolidated Leverage Ratio pursuant to this definition shall be made with respect to the period of four consecutive fiscal quarters of the Company ending at the end of the period covered by the relevant financial statements.

ANNEX B

CALCULATION OF THE MLA COST

The MLA Cost is calculated in accordance with the following formula:

BY + L(Y-X) + S(Y-Z)% per annum = MLA Cost

100-(B+S)

where on the day of application of the formula:

B is the percentage of the Administrative Agent's eligible liabilities which the Bank of England requires the Administrative Agent to hold on a non-interest-bearing deposit account in accordance with its cash ratio requirements.;

Y is the rate at which Pounds deposits are offered by the Administrative Agent to leading banks in the London interbank market at or about 11:00 A.M. on that day for the relevant period;

L is the percentage of eligible liabilities which the Bank of England requires the Administrative Agent to maintain as secured money with members of the London Discount Market Association and/or as secured call money with certain money brokers and gilt-edged primary market makers;

X is the rate at which secured Pounds deposits in the relevant amount may be placed by the Administrative Agent with members of the London Discount Market Association and/or as secured call money with certain money brokers and gilt-edged primary market makers at or about 11:00
A.M. on that day for the relevant period;

S is the percentage of the Administrative Agent's eligible liabilities which the Bank of England requires the Administrative Agent to place as a special deposit; and

Z is the interest rate per annum allowed by the Bank of England on special deposits.

For the purposes of this Annex B:

(i) "ELIGIBLE LIABILITIES" and "SPECIAL DEPOSITS" have the meanings given to them at the time of application of the formula by the Bank of England;

(ii) "RELEVANT PERIOD" in relation to a borrowing, means:

(A) if its Interest Period is three months or less, its Interest Period; or

(B) if its Interest Period is more than three months, each successive period of three months and any necessary shorter period comprised in that Interest Period.


2

In the application of the formula, B, Y, L, X, S and Z are included in the formula as figures and not as percentages (e.g. if B = 0.5% and Y = 15%, BY is calculated as 0.5 x 15);

(i) The formula is applied on the first day of each relevant period comprised in the Interest Period of the relevant borrowing.

(ii) Each rate calculated in accordance with the formula is, if necessary, rounded upward to the nearest 1/32nd of 1%.

If the Administrative Agent determines that a change in circumstances has rendered, or will render, the formula inappropriate, the Administrative Agent (after consultation with the Lenders) shall notify the Company of the manner in which the MLA Cost will subsequently be calculated. The manner of calculation so notified by the Administrative Agent shall, in the absence of manifest error, be binding on all the parties hereto.


SCHEDULE 1.1A

                                  COMMITMENTS

                                                                          Revolving Credit   Tranche A Term      Tranche B Term
                  Lender                                                    Commitment      Loan Commitment     Loan Commitment
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Credit Suisse First Boston                                                   $10,625,000       $6,375,000    $        0
Lehman Brothers BankHaus AG                                                   10,625,000        6,375,000             0
Alpha Credit Bank A.E.                                                         6,875,000        4,125,000             0
Bank of Montreal                                                               8,125,000        4,875,000             0
Banque Paribas                                                                 8,125,000        4,875,000             0
Bank Polska Kasa Opieki S.A. - Pekao S.A.                                      3,125,000        1,875,000             0
The Bank of Nova Scotia                                                        8,125,000        4,875,000             0
Banka Popolare di Bergamo-Credito Varesino S.c.a.r.l.                          5,625,000        3,375,000             0
BankBoston, N.A.                                                               6,875,000        4,125,000             0
Bank of Scotland                                                               8,125,000        4,875,000             0
Banque et Caisse d'Epargne de l'Etat, Luxembourg                               6,875,000        4,125,000             0
BHF Bank Aktengesellschaft                                                     9,062,500        5,437,500             0
Banque Nationale de Paris                                                      9,062,500        5,437,500             0
Banco Espirito Santo e Comercial de Lisboa S.A.                                6,875,000        4,125,000             0
Compagnie Financiere de CIC et de l'Union Europeenne (NY Branch)               4,531,250        2,718,750             0
Compagnie Financiere de CIC et de l'Union Europeenne (London Branch)           4,531,250        2,718,750             0
Citibank, N.A.                                                                 8,125,000        4,875,000             0
Comerica Bank                                                                  8,125,000        4,875,000             0
Commerzbank AG                                                                 8,125,000        4,875,000             0
Credit Agricole Indosuez                                                       6,875,000        4,125,000    10,000,000
Dai-Ichi Kangyo Bank, Ltd.                                                     5,625,000        3,375,000             0
Dresdner Bank AG                                                               8,125,000        4,875,000             0
NBD Bank                                                                       8,125,000        4,875,000             0
First Union National Bank                                                      7,812,500        4,687,500             0
Corestates Bank, N.A.                                                          4,687,500        2,812,500             0
Industrial Bank of Japan, Limited                                              8,125,000        4,875,000             0
Osterreichische Investitionskredit AG                                          4,376,000        2,625,000             0
MeesPierson N.V.                                                               6,875,000        4,125,000             0
Mellon Bank, N.A.                                                              6,875,000        4,125,000             0
The Mitsubishi Trust & Banking Corporation                                     8,125,000        4,875,000             0
Istituto Bancario San Paolo di Torino, S.p.A.                                  3,125,000        1,875,000             0
Societe Generale                                                               9,062,500        5,437,500             0
The Sumitomo Bank, Limited                                                     5,625,000        3,375,000             0


2

                                                                Revolving Credit  Tranche A Term   Tranche B Term
             Lender                                                Commitment     Loan Commitment  Loan Commitment
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The Sumitomo Trust & Banking Co., Ltd.                              6,875,000        4,125,000                0
Toronto Dominion (Texas), Inc.                                      8,125,000        4,875,000                0
Lehman Commercial Paper, Inc.                                               0                0      120,000,000
Peoples Security Life Insurance Company                                     0                0       10,000,000
Bankers Life & Casualty Insurance Company                                   0                0       10,000,000
Franklin Floating Rate Trust                                                0                0        5,000,000
ING High Income Principal Preservation Fund Holdings, LDC                   0                0        7,000,000
Archimedes Funding, L.L.C.                                                  0                0        5,000,000
Merrill Lynch Senior Floating Rate Fund, Inc.                               0                0       12,000,000
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company                                         0                0       10,000,000
Oak Hill Securities Fund, L.P.                                              0                0       12,000,000
ORIX USA Corporation                                                        0                0        6,000,000
Paribas Capital Funding LLC                                                 0                0       10,000,000
KZH Holding Company III                                                     0                0        6,000,000
Prime Income Trust                                                          0                0       12,000,000
KZH-Crescent Corporation                                                    0                0        5,000,000
The Travelers Insurance Company                                             0                0       10,000,000
                                                                 ------------     ------------     ------------
                                                                 $250,000,000     $150,000,000     $250,000,000
                                                                 ============     ============     ============


SCHEDULE 1.1B

ADDRESSES FOR NOTICES AND DESIGNATED MAXIMUMS
FOR BORROWING SUBSIDIARIES

            Company                                     Designated Maximum
            -------                                     ------------------
   Exide Holding Europe S.A.                               $ 50,000,000
5-7 Allee des Pierres Mayettes
   92636 Gennevilliers Cedex
            France

          CEAc S.A.                                        $200,000,000
5-7 Allee des Pierres Mayettes
  92636 Gennevilliers Cedex
            France

    SEA Tudor S.A.                                         $100,000,000
Condesa de Venadito, 1
  28027 Madrid, Spain

    Euro Exide Corp. Ltd.                                  $200,000,000
       1, Salford Road
Over Hulton - Bolton BL5 1DD
           England

Exide Verwaltungs, GmbH                                    $200,000,000
      Thiergarten
     Postfach 1180
63654 Budingen, Germany

Mercolec Tudor B.V.                                        $200,000,000
   Rivierstaete
  Amsteldijk 166
 1079 LH Amsterdam
  The Netherlands

      Exide Corporation                                    $175,000,000
       645 Penn Street
Reading, Pennsylvania  19601
  United States of America


SCHEDULE 1.1C

CURRENCY MAXIMUMS

Currency                  Amount
--------                  ------
Francs                    $250,000,000
Marks                     $175,000,000
Pounds                    $175,000,000
Lira                      $ 25,000,000
Pesetas                   $ 15,000,000


SCHEDULE 1.1D

MORTGAGED PROPERTY


SCHEDULE 1.1E

PERMITTED ACQUISITIONS


SCHEDULE 1.1F

LETTERS OF CREDIT


SCHEDULE 1.1G

WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARIES


SCHEDULE 5.4

CONSENTS, AUTHORIZATIONS, FILINGS AND NOTICES


SCHEDULE 5.15

SUBSIDIARIES


SCHEDULE 5.19(a)

UCC FILING JURISDICTIONS


SCHEDULE 5.19(b)

MORTGAGE FILING JURISDICTIONS


SCHEDULE 8.2(e)

EXISTING INDEBTEDNESS


SCHEDULE 8.3(f)

EXISTING LIENS


SCHEDULE 8.8(j)

EXISTING INVESTMENTS


SCHEDULE 8.14

EXISTING RESTRICTIONS ON SUBSIDIARY DISTRIBUTIONS


SCHEDULE 10.1

EXCEPTIONS TO GUARANTEES BY FOREIGN SUBSIDIARIES

German Guarantees.

(i) The obligations under Section 10 with respect to each Guarantor which is a Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (each, a "German GmbH Guarantor") shall at all times be limited so that its liability as a Guarantor under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall at no time require its payment of any moneys which are required to maintain its registered share capital (Stammkapital) to the extent solely that such share capital is protected by Sections 30 and 31 of the German Limited Liabilities Companies Act (the "GmbH-Gesetz").

(ii) Neither the Administrative Agent nor any of the Lenders shall be entitled to enforce the obligations of any German GmbH Guarantor under Section 10 for so long as, and solely to the extent that, such enforcement would cause such German GmbH Guarantor's net assets (Reinvermogen) to be reduced below the amount of its registered share capital which is protected by Sections 30 and 31 of the GmbH-Gesetz.

French Guarantees.

The obligations under Section 10 with respect to Exide Holding Europe S.A., Exide France S.A., Compagnie Europeenne d'Accumulateurs S.A. and Societe Francaise D'Accumulateurs Tudor S.A. (collectively, the "French Guarantors") shall at all times be limited to the extent, and only to the extent, necessary to ensure that the incurrence on the Closing Date of the liability of each French Guarantor as a Guarantor under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall at no time constitute a misuse of corporate assets (abus de biens sociaux) within the meaning of Article 437.3 of the French Company Act of 24 July, 1966.

Norwegian Guarantees.

Exide Sonnak AS's commitments as Guarantor hereunder or under any Loan Document are limited by the applicable regulations in the Norwegian Joint Stock Company's Act of 1976 (as amended or replaced) (the "Act") pursuant to which inter alia a company may only provide financial assistance, including securities or guarantees for the commitments of their shareholders or other related entities or persons in so far as the company, according to the latest adopted balance sheet has (i) an unrestricted and distributable equity capital which is at least equal to the amount provided, guaranteed or secured, and (ii) adequate security (either by collateral or third party guarantees) has been provided. Exide Sonnak AS's commitments hereunder as Guarantor are consequently invalid and unenforceable unless the applicable requirements under the Act has been complied with.

Belgian Guarantees.

The obligations under Section 10 with respect of CMP Batterijen S.A. and Exide Automotive S.A. shall be enforceable only to the extent that these obligations have been undertaken in furtherance of the corporate interest of those companies.


Jersey Guarantees.

Exide Lending Limited, in addition to the provisions contained in Section 10 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, hereby agrees to the following additional provisions:

(i) any right which at any time Exide Lending Limited has under the existing or future laws of Jersey whether by virtue of the droit de discussion or otherwise to require that recourse be had to the assets of any other person before any claim is enforced against Exide Lending Limited in respect of its obligations as Guarantor is hereby abandoned and waived;

(ii) Exide Lending Limited undertakes that if at any time the Agent sues Exide Lending Limited in respect of any of its obligations as Guarantor and the person or persons whose obligations are guaranteed is, or are, not also sued, Exide Lending Limited agrees to be bound by its obligations as Guarantor whether or not the person whose obligations are guaranteed is made a party to legal proceedings for the recovery of the amount due or owing to the Agent as aforesaid by the person whose obligations are guaranteed hereunder and whether the formalities required by any law of Jersey whether existing or future in regard to the rights or obligations of sureties shall or shall not have been observed;

(iii) any right which Exide Lending Limited may have under the existing or future laws of Jersey whether by virtue of the droit de division or otherwise to require that any liability under its obligations as Guarantor be divided or apportioned with any other person or reduced in any manner whatsoever is hereby abandoned and waived.

Swedish Guarantees.

The shareholders stipulated that the access of Tudor AB to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement shall be subject to the condition that the obligations Tudor AB as Guarantor in respect of the Borrowers shall be limited to its equity in accordance with Swedish law.

Portuguese Guarantees.

The conditions upon which Sociedade Portuguesa do Acumulador Tudor accepts to underwrite the present contract as a Guarantor are as follows:

a) that the limit of the guarantee does not exceed PTE 1,000,000,000 (one thousand million escudos);

b) that Sociedad Espanola del Acumulador Tudor, S.A. writes a letter to Sociedade Portuguesa do Acumulador Tudor on the following terms:

Exide Corporation, an American group of companies, which presently owns a majority share in the share capital of Sociedad Espanola del Acumulador Tudor, S.A., shall write a letter to the board of directors of Sociedade Portuguesa do Acumulador Tudor, S.A., in which it is established that it is the intention that at least 10% of its production is sold through Sociedade


Portuguesa do Acumulador Tudor, S.A., for the duration of the guarantee, as well as to indicate that it intends to develop and increase the operations with Sociedade Portuguesa do Acumulador Tudor, S.A., in Portugal, showing in such letter a relationship of unequivocal interest and understanding in Sociedade Portuguesa do Acumulador Tudor, S.A.

Italian Guarantees.

The guarantee obligations under Section 10 with respect to Compagnia Generale Accumulatori S.r.l., Societa Industriale Accumulatori S.r.I. and TS Batterie S.r.I. (collectively, the "Italian Guarantors") shall at all time be limited to the payment and performance when due of the Foreign Obligations relating to such portion of the Tranche A Term Loans and Tranche B Term Loans used for the repayment of obligations outstanding under the Existing Foreign Credit Agreement, provided (i) that such guarantee obligations shall be enforceable only to the extent they have been undertaken in connection with a transaction to the benefit of the Italian Guarantors and provided further (ii) that such guarantee obligations shall at all times not exceed an amount beyond which an Italian Court might disallow such guarantee obligations on the basis of the ultra vires doctrine, to the extent it finds that such guaranteed amount is extremely high compared to the Italian Guarantor's financial conditions at the time the guarantee obligations are undertaken.

United Kingdom Guarantees.

(i) Subject to paragraph (ii) below, the obligations of each Guarantor incorporated in England and Wales (each a "UK GUARANTOR") under
Section 10 of this Agreement (or otherwise pursuant to this Agreement) (together "THE OBLIGATIONS") shall at all times be limited to the extent, and only to the extent, necessary to ensure that such UK Guarantor shall not by undertaking such Obligations breach Section 151 (Unlawful Financial Assistance) Companies Act 1985 ("THE ACT") as a consequence of it being a party to this Agreement and its assumption of the Obligations.

(ii) Each UK Guarantor (and all shareholders of each UK Guarantor to the extent a party to this Agreement) shall on 21 days' written notice from the Administrative Agent, to the extent each of them is lawfully able using all reasonable endeavours (pursuant to the provisions of Sections 155 - 158 of the Act or otherwise) pass all necessary resolutions and procure (if appropriate) that its directors swear the necessary statutory declarations and shall undertake all such other acts and deeds to ensure that the provisions of Sections 155 - 158 of the Act are complied with such that the limitation specified in paragraph at (i) above shall no longer apply in relation to such UK Guarantor.

Danish Guarantees.

The obligations of CMP Batterier A/S and Exide Danmark A/S under the Credit and Guarantee Agreement shall at all times be limited so that the liability of CMP Batterier A/S and Exide Danmark A/S respectively as a Guarantor shall at no time require the payment of any monies which (i) results in it then being unable to honour its other financial obligations to its other creditors at such time as they are due for payment, the position of such creditors to be determined by Danish law, (ii) constitutes a violation of Danish bankruptcy law and other relevant Danish statutory provisions, (iii) is an amount in excess of
- for CMP Batterier - A/S - DKK 3,400,000 and - for Exide Danmark A/S - DKK 8,500,000.


Spanish Guarantees.

The obligations under Section 10 with respect to Sociedad Espanola del Accumulador Tudor, S.A., Fulmen Iberica, S.A., Electro Mercantil Industrial, S.A., Gaztambide, S.A. and Terrenos y Construcctiones, S.A. shall be enforceable only to the extent that these obligations have been undertaken in furtherance of the corporate interest of those companies.

Polish Guarantees.

The execution of the present agreement by Centra S.A. is subject to the condition precedent that Centra S.A. is granted by the President of the National Bank of Poland the exchange permit necessary in connection herewith, in particular with regard to Centra's commitments as Guarantor under Section 10, pursuant to Article 9.1.4. of the Polish Foreign Exchange Act dated December 2, 1994, as amended.


FIRST AMENDMENT

FIRST AMENDMENT, dated as of May 27, 1998 (this "Amendment"), to (i) the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, dated as of December 19, 1997, (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the "Credit and Guarantee Agreement"), among Exide Corporation, a Delaware corporation (the "Company"),
the Borrowing Subsidiaries signatory thereto, the Guarantors signatory thereto, the several lenders from time to time parties thereto (the "Lenders"), Lehman Commercial Paper Inc., as Syndication Agent for the Lenders (in such capacity, the "Syndication Agent") and Credit Suisse First Boston, as Administrative Agent for the Lenders (in such capacity, the "Administrative Agent") and (ii) the Collateral Agreement, dated December 19, 1997, (the "Collateral Agreement"), made by the Company and certain of its Subsidiaries parties thereto in favor of the Syndication Agent and the Administrative Agent for the Lenders.

W I T N E S S E T H:

WHEREAS, pursuant to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, the Lenders have agreed to make, and have made, certain loans and other extensions of credit to the Company and the Borrowing Subsidiaries; and

WHEREAS, the Company and the Borrowing Subsidiaries have requested, and, upon this Amendment becoming effective, the Lenders have agreed, that certain provisions of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and Collateral Agreement be amended in the manner provided for in this Amendment;

NOW, THEREFORE, the parties hereto hereby agree as follows:

1. Defined Terms. (a) General. Terms defined in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and used herein shall, unless otherwise indicated, have the meanings given to them in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement. Terms defined and used in this Amendment shall have the meanings given to them in this Amendment.

(b) Replacement of Definitions. Subsection 1.1 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by deleting therefrom the definitions of the following definitions in their entirety and substituting in lieu thereof the following definitions in the appropriate alphabetical order:

"'Domestic Receivables Facility': the collective reference to (i) the Receivables Purchase Agreement, dated as of March 31, 1997, among Exide U.S. Funding Corporation, as seller, Three Rivers Funding Corporation, as buyer, and the Company, as servicer, (ii) the Sale Agreement, dated as of March 31, 1997, between the Company, as seller, and Exide U.S. Funding Corporation, as buyer, (iii) the agreements and instruments executed in connection therewith as each of items (i), (ii) and (iii) is in effect on

the


2

Closing Date, but giving effect to (x) extensions of the termination or expiration date thereunder, (y) increases in the Domestic Receivables Maximum Commitment Amount to an amount exceeding $125,000,000, but only if such increases are approved in writing by the Required Lenders and (z) other changes thereto approved by the Agents and (iv) any additional or substitute or replacement receivables facility so long as such facility and all documentation therefor, and the maximum amount thereof, are approved in writing by the Required Lenders.

`Domestic Receivables Maximum Commitment Amount': $125,000,000.

`L/C Commitment': at any date, the amount equal to (a) $50,000,000 plus (b) so long as any Letter of Credit described in Schedule 1.1F (or any replacement thereof) remains outstanding, the amount set forth on Schedule 1.1F with respect thereto; provided that $10,000,000 of such $50,000,000 amount shall be reserved solely for the issuance of Letters of Credit used to support Indebtedness of Subsidiaries of the Company incorporated in Italy."

`Optional Currencies': Marks, Pounds, Francs and, with respect to Swing Line Loans and Letters of Credit only, Lira and Pesetas, and, with respect to Letters of Credit only, any other foreign currency which is acceptable to the Issuing Lender in its sole discretion."

(c) Amendment of Definitions. (i) The definition of the term "Asset Sale" in subsection 1.1 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by deleting the reference to clause (f) in the second line thereof and substituting in lieu thereof a reference to clause (g).

(ii) The definition of "Domestic Obligations" in subsection 1.1 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by (x) inserting immediately after the words "Interest Rate Protection Agreements" in the eighth and ninth lines thereof the phrase "or any foreign currency hedge agreements or swaps" and (y) inserting immediately after the words "Interest Rate Protection Agreement" in the twelfth line thereof the phrase "or any foreign currency hedge agreement or swap".

(iii) The definition of "Foreign Obligations" in subsection 1.1 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by (x) inserting immediately after the words "Interest Rate Protection Agreements" in the ninth and tenth lines thereof the phrase "or any foreign currency hedge agreements or swaps" and (y) inserting immediately after the words "Interest Rate Protection Agreement" in the thirteenth line thereof the phrase "or any foreign currency hedge agreement or swap".


3

(iv) The definition of the term Revolving Credit Commitment is hereby amended by deleting the amount "$100,000,000" in the penultimate line and substituting in lieu thereof the amount "$125,000,000".

(c) Addition of Definitions. The following defined terms are hereby added to subsection 1.1 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement in appropriate alphabetical order:

"'First Amendment': the First Amendment, dated as of May 27, 1998, to this Agreement.

'First Amendment Effective Date': the date each of the conditions to effectiveness of each of the amendments, waivers and agreements contained in the First Amendment described in paragraphs 23 and 24 thereof shall have been satisfied.

'GNB Acquisition': the acquisition by the Company of the automotive battery manufacturing and metals divisions of GNB Technologies.

'Interim Credit Facility': the collective reference to the Senior Subordinated Credit Facility to be entered into by the Company in lieu of the Senior Subordinated Note Indenture in the event the Senior Subordinated Notes are not issued on the First Amendment Effective Date, and all documents executed in connection therewith.

'Senior Subordinated Note Indenture': the Indenture to be entered into by the Borrower in connection with the issuance of the Senior Subordinated Notes, as the same may be amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with Section 8.9.

'Senior Subordinated Notes': the Senior Subordinated Notes of the Borrower to be issued pursuant to the Senior Subordinated Note Indenture, as the same may be amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with Section 8.9.

'Specified Change of Control': a "Change of Control" as defined in the Senior Subordinated Note Indenture or the Interim Credit Facility."

2. Agreement with Respect to Additional Term Loans. Subject to the conditions set forth herein, the Lenders party hereto hereby agree that the Company shall be permitted to incur Indebtedness in respect of an additional tranche of term loans under the Credit and Guarantee Agreement in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $100,000,000 (the "Additional Term Loans") with terms (including as to maturity, pricing, prepayments and collateral) equivalent to the terms under the Loan Documents applicable to

4

the Tranche B Term Loans (after giving effect to this Amendment) and otherwise on terms and conditions satisfactory to the Required Lenders; provided, that no Lender shall be obligated to provide any of the Additional Term Loans.

3. Amendment to Subsection 2.7(a). Subsection 2.7(a) of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by inserting at the end of the first sentence thereof but prior to the period the following: "provided, that the presentation by any third party of any check or draft drawn on the account of the Company or any other borrowing by way of overdraft being deemed to constitute a notice of borrowing of Swing Line Loans by the Company in the amount of such check, draft or other borrowing, to the extent that insufficient funds are then available for the payment thereof in the account of the Company with the relevant Swing Line Lender and so long as the amount and currency with respect to such deemed notice of borrowing are in compliance with the terms of this Agreement".

4. Amendment to Subsection 2.7(b). Subsection 2.7(b) of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by inserting at the end of the first sentence thereof but prior to the period the following: "provided, that the presentation by any third party of any check or draft drawn on the account of a Borrowing Subsidiary or any other borrowing by way of overdraft being deemed to constitute a notice of borrowing of Swing Line Loans by such Borrowing Subsidiary in the amount of such check, draft or other borrowing, to the extent that insufficient funds are then available for the payment thereof in the account of such Borrowing Subsidiary with the relevant Swing Line Lender and so long as the amount and currency with respect to such deemed notice of borrowing are in compliance with the terms of this Agreement".

5. Amendment to Section 3.8(f). Subsection 3.8(f) of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by deleting such subsection in its entirety and substituting in lieu thereof the following:

"(f) For the purposes of Articles L313-1 to L313-6 of the French Code de la Consommation, the parties hereto acknowledge that it is not possible to calculate precisely the taux effectif global as the interest rate may vary during the course of the Loans. However, by way of example, the taux effectif global applicable on December 19, 1997 taking into account the fees, commissions and expenses which are payable by the Borrowers and:

(i) in the case of a Eurocurrency Loan, assuming a base interest rate of 3.664% per annum (being the Eurocurrency Rate (as at December 19, 1997) for French Francs or, in the case of the Tranche B Term Loans, Dollars with an Interest Period of three months), (A) in respect of the Tranche A Term Loans would be 5.922% per annum and the taux de periode would be 5.664% for a period of three months, (B) in respect of the Tranche B Term Loans would be 6.174% per annum and the taux de periode would be 5.914% for a period of three months and (C) in


5

respect of the Revolving Credit Loans made to the Borrowing Subsidiaries (assuming that Revolving Credit Facilities were fully drawn for the entire duration of the Revolving Credit Commitment Period) would be 5.418% per annum and the taux de periode would be 5.164% for a period of three months;

(ii) in the case of a Base Rate Loan, assuming a base interest rate of 8.5% per annum (being the Base Rate (as at December 19, 1997) for French Francs or, in the case of the Tranche B Term Loans, for a period of three months), (A) in respect of the Tranche A Term Loans would be 9.48% per annum and the taux de periode would be 9.25% for a period of three months, (B) in respect of the Tranche B Term Loans would be 9.731% per annum and the taux de periode would be 9.5% for a period of three months and (C) in respect of the Revolving Credit Loans made to the Borrowing Subsidiaries (assuming that Revolving Credit Facilities were fully drawn for the entire duration of the Revolving Credit Commitment Period) would be 9.228% per annum and the taux de periode would be 9.0% for a period of three months; and

(iii) in the case of a Foreign Alternate Rate Loan, assuming a base interest rate of 3.664% per annum (being the Foreign Alternate Rate for Credit Suisse First Boston (as at December 19, 1997) for French Francs or, in the case of the Tranche B Term Loans, for a period of three months), (A) in respect of the Tranche A Term Loans would be 4.915% per annum and the taux de periode would be 4.664% for a period of three months, (B) in respect of the Tranche B Term Loans would be 5.167% per annum and the taux de periode would be 4.914% for a period of three months and (C) in respect of the Revolving Credit Loans made to the Borrowing Subsidiaries (assuming that Revolving Credit Facilities were fully drawn for the entire duration of the Revolving Credit Commitment Period) would be 4.411% per annum and the taux de periode would be 4.164% for a period of three months."

6. Amendment to Subsection 5.21. Subsection 5.21 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by adding at the end thereof the following the following:

"The Obligations constitute, or in the event the Senior Subordinated Notes are not issued on the First Amendment Effective Date, will constitute "Senior Indebtedness" of the Company and the Borrowing Subsidiaries under and as defined in the Senior Subordinated Note Indenture and the Interim Credit Facility. The obligations of each Subsidiary Guarantor under the Credit and Guarantee Agreement constitute, or in the event the Senior Subordinated Notes are not issued on the First Amendment Effective Date, will constitute "Guarantor Senior Indebtedness" (or such concept similar


6

thereto) of such Subsidiary Guarantor under and as defined in the Senior Subordinated Note Indenture and the Interim Credit Facility."

7. Amendment to Subsection 7.2. Subsection 7.2 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by (a) deleting the word "and" at the end of paragraph (f) thereof, (b) relettering current paragraph (g) as paragraph (h) and (c) inserting immediately after paragraph (f) the following new paragraph (g):

"(g) no later than 10 Business Days prior to the effectiveness thereof, copies of substantially final drafts of any proposed amendment, supplement, waiver or other modification with respect to the Senior Subordinated Note Indenture, the Senior Subordinated Notes or the Interim Credit Facility; and"

8. Amendment to Subsection 8.1(a). Subsection 8.1(a) of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by deleting the table contained therein and substituting in lieu thereof the following table:

                                                       Consolidated
              Period                                   Leverage Ratio
              ------                                   --------------
March 31, 1998                                         5.50 to 1.0
April 1, 1998 through June 30, 1998                    5.75 to 1.0
July 1, 1998 through September 30, 1998                5.50 to 1.0, or in the event the
                                                       GNB Acquisition is consummated, 6.00 to 1.0
October 1, 1998 through December 31, 1998              5.25 to 1.0, or in the event the
                                                       GNB Acquisition is consummated, 5.60 to 1.0
January 1, 1999 through March 31, 1999                 4.70 to 1.0, or in the event the
                                                       GNB Acquisition iS consummated, 5.00 to 1.0
April 1, 1999 through June 30, 1999                    4.70 to 1.0
July 1, 1999 through December 31, 1999                 4.95 to 1.0
January 1, 2000 through June 30, 2000                  3.75 to 1.0
July 1, 2000 through December 31, 2000                 4.00 to 1.0
January 1, 2001 through June 30, 2001                  3.25 to 1.0
July 1, 2001 through December 31, 2001                 3.50 to 1.0
January 1, 2002 through June 30, 2002                  2.75 to 1.0
July 1, 2002 through December 31, 2002                 3.00 to 1.0
January 1, 2003 through June 30, 2003                  2.75 to 1.0
July 1, 2003 through December 31, 2003                 3.00 to 1.0
January 1, 2004 through June 30, 2004                  2.75 to 1.0
July 1, 2004 through December 31, 2004                 3.00 to 1.0


7

9. Amendment to Subsection 8.1(b). Subsection 8.1(b) of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by deleting the table contained therein and substituting in lieu thereof the following table:

            Period                                     Charge Coverage Ratio
            ------                                     ---------------------
March 31, 1998 through June 30, 1998                   0.95 to 1.0
July 1, 1998 through September 30, 1998                0.95 to 1.0, or in the event
                                                       the GNB Acquisition is consummated, 0.75 to 1.0
October 1, 1998 through December 31, 1998              1.10 to 1.0, or in the event
                                                       the GNB Acquisition is consummated, 0.90 to 1.0
January 1, 1999 through September 30, 1999             1.30 to 1.0, or in the event
                                                       the GNB Acquisition is consummated, 1.05 to 1.0
October 1, 1999 through December 31, 1999              1.30 to 1.0
January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2000              1.35 to 1.0
January 1, 2001 and thereafter                         1.75 to 1.0

10. Amendment to Subsection 8.1(c). Subsection 8.1(c) of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by deleting the amount "$235,000,000" and substituting in lieu thereof the following: "$230,000,000, or in the event the GNB Acquisition is consummated $235,000,000".

11. Amendment to Subsection 8.2. Subsection 8.2 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by (a) deleting the amount "$15,000,000" from paragraph (m) and substituting in lieu thereof the amount "$20,000,000, (b) deleting the word "and" at the end of the paragraph (m) thereof, (c) relettering current paragraph (n) as paragraph (p), (d) adding thereto the following new paragraph (n):

"(n) Guarantee Obligations of Subsidiaries of the Company incorporated in Germany provided to German banking institutions in connection with the financing of supplies purchased by any of such Subsidiaries from German suppliers; provided that (i) no such Guarantee Obligation shall have a term exceeding 90 days, (ii) such Guarantee Obligations shall be unsecured and (iii) the aggregate principal amount of Guarantee Obligations which may be incurred in reliance on this paragraph
(p) shall not exceed $15,000,000 at any one time outstanding;"

and (e) adding thereto the following new paragraph (o):

"(o) Indebtedness of the Borrower in respect of the Senior Subordinated Notes or, in the event the Senior Subordinated Notes are not issued on the First Amendment


8

Effective Date, Indebtedness under the Interim Credit Facility, in an aggregate principal amount in each such case not to exceed $150,000,000 (plus, in the case of the Interim Credit Facility, increases in the principal amount thereof in connection with the accretion of the interest thereon in accordance with its terms), in each case, on terms and conditions satisfactory to the Required Lenders;".

12. Amendment to Subsection 8.5. Subsection 8.5 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by (a) relettering current paragraphs (g) and (h) as paragraphs (h) and (i) and (b) adding thereto the following new paragraph (g):

"(g) the sale by the Company of its ownership interest in Yuasa Inc.;"

13. Amendment to Subsection 8.7. Subsection 8.7 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by deleting the amount "$100,000,000" in the fourth line and substituting in lieu thereof the amount "$125,000,000".

14. Amendment to Subsection 8.8(h). Subsection 8.8(h) of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by adding after the word "thereof" but prior to the semi-colon in the last line thereof the following:

"provided, further, that the foregoing shall not prohibit the consummation of the GNB Acquisition for an aggregate purchase price not to exceed $300,000,000 and aggregate fees and expenses in connection therewith not to exceed $10,000,000, pursuant to documentation in form and substance satisfactory to the Required Lenders".

15. Amendment to Subsection 8.9. Subsection 8.9 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by (a) deleting such subsection in its entirety and substituting in lieu thereof the following:

"8.9 Limitation on Optional Payments and Modifications of Debt
Instruments, etc. (a) Make or offer to make any payment, prepayment, repurchase or redemption of or otherwise defease or segregate funds with respect to the Convertible Notes, the DM Notes, the Senior 10% Notes or the Senior Subordinated Notes (other than scheduled interest payments required to be made in cash); provided, so long as no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and is continuing, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries may at any time prepay, repurchase or redeem Eligible Prepayment Debt in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed the Available Prepayment Amount at such time, (b) amend, modify, waive or otherwise change, or consent or agree to any amendment, modification, waiver or other change to, any of the terms of the Convertible Notes, the DM Notes, the Senior 10% Notes or the Senior Subordinated Notes (other than any such amendment, modification, waiver or other change which (i) would extend the maturity or reduce the amount of any payment of principal thereof or which would reduce the rate or extend the date for payment of interest thereon and (ii) does not involve the payment of a consent fee),
(c) designate

9

any Indebtedness as "Designated Senior Indebtedness" for the purposes of the Convertible Indenture or the Senior Subordinated Indenture or (d) amend its certificate of incorporation in any manner determined by the Administrative Agent to be adverse to the Lenders without the prior written consent of the Required Lenders.".

16. Amendment to Section 8.13. Section 8.13 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by (a) deleting the word "and" the second time it appears in the sixth line and substituting in lieu thereof a comma and
(b) adding thereto at the end thereof and prior to the period the following:
"and (d) an agreement by DETA Portuguesa Baterias, Lda. ("DETA Portuguesa") in favor of the Portuguese government which prohibits DETA Portuguesa from placing a lien on approximately $5,200,000 of the assets in connection with certain capital expenditures made by DETA Portuguesa during the fiscal years 1993 through 1997".

17. Amendment to Section 9. Section 9 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by (a) adding the word "or" at the end of paragraph
(l) thereof and (b) adding to the list of events therein the following:

"(m) (i) the Senior Subordinated Notes or, in the event the Senior Subordinated Notes are not issued on the First Amendment Effective Date, the obligations under the Interim Credit Facility, or, in each case, the guarantees thereof, shall cease, for any reason, to be validly subordinated to the Obligations, as provided in the Senior Subordinated Note Indenture or the Interim Credit Facility, as the case may be, or the obligations of the Subsidiary Guarantors under the Credit and Guarantee Agreement or (ii) any Loan Party, any Affiliate of any Loan Party, the trustee in respect of the Senior Subordinated Note Indenture (in the case of the Senior Subordinated Notes) or the holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the Senior Subordinated Note Indenture or the Interim Credit Facility, as the case may be, shall so assert;".

18. Amendment to Subsection 12.1. Subsection 12.1 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by (a) deleting the word "or" immediately prior to the numeral "(viii)", (b) renumbering the current item "(viii)" as item "(vii)" and (c) adding thereto a new item (viii) as follows:

"; or (viii) amend or modify subsection 3.5(d) to change the application of prepayments thereunder without the written consent of the Majority Facility Lenders in respect of any Facility adversely affected thereby"

19. Amendment to Subsection 12.7(c). Subsection 12.7(c) of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by deleting such subsection in its entirety and substituting in lieu thereof the following:

"(c) In addition to any rights and remedies of the Lenders provided by law, each Lender shall have the right, without prior notice to the Company, any of the


10

other Borrowers or any of the Foreign Subsidiary Guarantors, any such notice being expressly waived by the Company, each other Borrower, and each Foreign Subsidiary Guarantor, to the extent permitted by applicable law, upon any amount becoming due and payable by the Company, any other Borrower, or any of the Foreign Subsidiary Guarantors hereunder (whether at the stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise) to set off and appropriate and apply against such amount any and all deposits (general or special, time or demand, provisional or final), in any currency, and any other credits, indebtedness or claims, in any currency, in each case whether direct or indirect, absolute or contingent, matured or unmatured, at any time held or owing by such Lender or any branch or agency thereof to or for the credit or the account of the Company, such other Borrower or such Foreign Subsidiary Guarantor. Each Lender agrees promptly to notify the Company, such other Borrower, such Foreign Subsidiary Guarantor and the Administrative Agent after any such setoff and application made by such Lender, provided that the failure to give such notice shall not affect the validity of such setoff and application."

20. Amendment to Subsection 12.9. Subsection 12.9 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by deleting the words "all the Lenders" in both places in which they appear in the penultimate line thereof and substituting in lieu thereof the words "the Majority Revolving Credit Facility Lenders".

21. Replacement of Annex A. Annex A to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement is hereby amended by deleting such Annex A in its entirety and substituting in lieu thereof the new Annex A attached hereto.

22. Amendment to Collateral Agreement. (a) Subsection 1.1 of the Collateral Agreement is hereby amended by adding thereto in the appropriate alphabetical order the following defined term:

"'Domestic Receivables Collateral': each item of Collateral in which an interest has been conveyed pursuant to or as contemplated by the Domestic Receivables Facility, including, without limitation, all receivables, accounts, general intangibles, contract rights, property rights (including, without limitation, intellectual property rights), chattel paper, instruments, computer programs, proprietary information and all other rights, powers and privileges arising therefrom or related thereto, and all security interests, guaranties, insurance policies and property securing or supporting payment thereto and all proceeds and products of any of the foregoing."

(b) Section 2 of the Collateral Agreement is hereby amended by adding thereto at the end thereof the following:

"Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Administrative Agent on behalf of all the Lenders and the Company on behalf of itself, the Borrowing Subsidiaries and


11

the Subsidiary Guarantors hereby expressly acknowledge that the Collateral shall not include any of the Domestic Receivables Collateral."

23. Conditions to Effectiveness of All Amendments. This Amendment shall become effective on and as of the date that the Administrative Agent shall have received counterparts of this Amendment, duly executed by the Company, the Borrowing Subsidiaries, the Guarantors, the Required Lenders and the Swing Line Lenders.

24. Additional Conditions to Effectiveness of Certain Amendments. In addition to the conditions set forth in paragraph 23, the agreements and amendments set forth in paragraphs 2, 6, 7, 11(e), 13, 14, 15 and 17 and the amendment to the definition of "Domestic Receivables Maximum Commitment Amount" shall be subject to the satisfaction of the following additional conditions:

(a) The Administrative Agent shall have received a copy of the resolutions, in form and substance satisfactory to the and the Administrative Agent, of the Company authorizing (i) the execution, delivery and performance of this Amendment, (ii) the borrowings contemplated hereunder, certified by the Secretary of the Company as of the date hereof, which certificate shall be in form and substance satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and shall state that the resolutions thereby certified have not been amended, modified, revoked or rescinded.

(b) The Administrative Agent shall have received a certificate of the Secretary of the Company, dated the date hereof, as to the incumbency and signature of the officers of the Company executing this Amendment satisfactory in form and substance to the Administrative Agent.

(c) All governmental and third party approvals (including landlords' and other consents) necessary or advisable in connection with this Amendment, the making of the Additional Term Loans and the GNB Acquisition shall have been obtained and be in full force and effect, and all applicable waiting periods shall have expired without any action being taken or threatened by any competent authority which would restrain, prevent or otherwise impose materially adverse conditions on the Credit and Guarantee Agreement as amended by this Amendment, the making of the Additional Term Loans or the GNB Acquisition.

(d) The GNB Acquisition shall have been consummated for an aggregate purchase price not to exceed $300,000,000 pursuant to documentation in form and substance satisfactory to the Required Lenders. The fees and expenses in connection with the GNB Acquisition shall not exceed $10,000,000.

(e) An additional amendment to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement shall have been executed and delivered by the Company, the Borrowing Subsidiaries, the


12

Guarantors, the Required Lenders and the Swing Line Lenders, which shall set forth the exact terms of, and the lenders providing, the Additional Term Loans.

(f) The Administrative Agent shall have received the executed legal opinion of Kirkland & Ellis, counsel to the Borrower dated the date hereof and in form and substance satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

(g) The Administrative Agent shall have received evidence in form and substance satisfactory to it that all filings, recordings, registrations and other actions necessary or, in the opinion of the Administrative Agent, desirable to perfect the liens and security interests created by the Security Documents in the property acquired in connection with the GNB Acquisition, shall have been completed.

(h) The Administrative Agent shall have received the results of a recent search of the Uniform Commercial Code, judgement and tax lien filings which may have been filed with respect to property acquired in connection with the GNB Acquisition in each of the jurisdictions and offices where any such property is located, and such search shall reveal no liens on any of such property except for liens permitted by the Loan Documents.

(i) The Lenders shall have received a satisfactory solvency analysis from the chief financial officer of the Company which shall document the solvency of the Company and its subsidiaries after giving effect to the Acquisition and the other transactions contemplated hereby.

25. Representations and Warranties. The Company as of the date hereof and after giving effect to the amendment contained herein, hereby confirms, reaffirms and restates that representations and warranties made by it in Section 5 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement; provided, that each reference to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement therein shall be deemed to be a reference to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement after giving effect to this Amendment.

26. Payment of Expenses. The Company agrees to pay or reimburse the Syndication Agent and the Administrative Agent for all of their out-of-pocket costs and reasonable expenses incurred in connection with the Amendment, any other documents prepared in connection herewith and the transactions contemplated hereby, including, without limitation, the reasonable fees and disbursements of counsel to the Syndication Agent and the Administrative Agent.

27. Reference to and Effect on the Loan Documents; Limited Effect. On and after the date hereof and the satisfaction of the conditions contained in
Section 10 of this Amendment, each reference in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement to "this Agreement", "hereunder", "hereof" or words of like import referring to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, and each reference in the other Loan Documents to "the Credit and Guarantee

13

Agreement", "thereunder", "thereof" or words of like import referring to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, shall mean and be a reference to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement as amended hereby. The execution, delivery and effectiveness of this Amendment shall not, except as expressly provided herein, operate as a waiver of any right, power or remedy of any Lender or any Agent under any of the Loan Documents, nor constitute a waiver of any provisions of any of the Loan Documents. Except as expressly amended herein, all of the provisions and covenants of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and the other Loan Documents are and shall continue to remain in full force and effect in accordance with the terms thereof and are hereby in all respects ratified and confirmed.

28. Counterparts. This Amendment may be executed by one or more of the parties hereto in any number of separate counterparts (which may include counterparts delivered by facsimile transmission) and all of said counterparts taken together shall be deemed to constitute one and the same instrument. Any executed counterpart delivered by facsimile transmission shall be effective as for all purposes hereof.

29. GOVERNING LAW. THIS AMENDMENT AND THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES HERETO SHALL BE GOVERNED BY, AND CONSTRUED AND INTERPRETED IN ACCORDANCE WITH, THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK.

14

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Amendment to be duly executed and delivered by their respective proper and duly authorized officers as of the day and year first above written.

EXIDE CORPORATION, as a Borrower and as a Guarantor

By:__________________________________________ Name:


Title:

EXIDE HOLDING EUROPE S.A.
COMPAGNIE EUROPEENNE
D'ACCUMULATEURS S.A.
EURO EXIDE CORPORATION LIMITED
SOCIEDAD ESPANOLA DEL ACUMULADOR
TUDOR S.A.
TUDOR A.B.
EXIDE VERWALTUNGS GMBH
MERCOLEC TUDOR B.V.,

each as a Borrowing Subsidiary and as a
Guarantor

By:_________________________________________
Name:
Title:


15

ACCUMULATORENFABRIK SONNENSCHEIN
GMBH
COMPAGNIA GENERALE ACCUMULATORI
S.P.A.
SINAC S.R.L.
FULMEN IBERICA S.A.
CMP BATTERIES LIMITED
CMP BATTERIJEN B.V.
SOCIETE FRANCAISE DES
ACCUMULATEURS TUDOR S.A.
CMP BATTERIER A/S
EXIDE AUTOMOTIVE BATTERIE GMBH
HAGEN BATTERIE A.G.
INDUSTRIA COMPOSIZIONI STAMPATE
S.P.A.
HAGEN BATTERIJEN B.V.
ELECTRO MERCANTIL INDUSTRIAL S.A.
GAZTAMBIDE S.A.
TERRENOS Y CONSTRUCCIONES S.A.
T.S. BATTERIE S.R.L.
EXIDE BATTERIES LIMITED
B.I.G. BATTERIES LIMITED
EXIDE (DAGENHAM) LIMITED
EXIDE FRANCE S.A.
FULMEN UK LIMITED
EXIDE AUTOMOTIVE S.A.
CMP BATTERIJEN N.V.
SOCIEDAD PORTUGUESA DO
ACUMULADOR TUDOR S.A.
EXIDE DENMARK A/S
GEMALA SWEDEN AB
CENTRA S.A.
DETA AKKUMULATORENWERK GMBH
MAREG ACCUMULATOREN GMBH
FRIWO SILBERKRAFT MBH
EXIDE SONNAK A/S
CMP BATTERIJEN S.A.
EXIDE AUTOMOTIVE S.A.
EXIDE LENDING LIMITED

each as a Guarantor, subject to the limitations, if
any, contained in Schedule 10.1

By:_________________________________________________
Name:
Title:


16

GBC, INC.
as a Guarantor

By:_________________________________________________
Name:
Title:

GENERAL BATTERY CORPORATION
as a Guarantor

By: Exide Investments, Inc., trustee

By:_________________________________________________
Name:
Title:

EXIDE INTERNATIONAL, INC.
as a Guarantor

By:_________________________________________________
Name:
Title:


17

LEHMAN BROTHERS INC., as Arranger

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

LEHMAN COMMERCIAL PAPER INC., as
Syndication Agent and as a Lender

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

CREDIT SUISSE FIRST BOSTON, as
Arranger and as Administrative Agent

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

CREDIT SUISSE FIRST BOSTON, as a
Lender

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

LEHMAN BROTHERS BANKHAUS AG

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:


18

ALPHA CREDIT BANK A.E.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

BANK OF MONTREAL

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

BANQUE PARIBAS

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

BANK POLSKA KASA OPIEKI S.A. - PEKAO
S.A.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

SCOTIABANK EUROPE PLC

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

BANCA POPOLARE DI BERGAMO-CREDITO
VARESINO S.C.A.R.L.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:


19

BANKBOSTON, N.A.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

BANQUE ET CAISSE D'EPARGNE DE
L'ETAT, LUXEMBOURG

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

BHF BANK AKTENGESELLSCHAFT

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

BANQUE NATIONALE DE PARIS

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

BANCO ESPIRITO SANTO E COMERCIAL DE
LISBOA S.A.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

COMPAGNIE FINANCIERE DE CIC ET DE
L'UNION EUROPEENNE NEW YORK
BRANCH

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:


20

COMERICA BANK

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

CREDIT AGRICOLE INDOSUEZ

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

DAI-ICHI KANGYO BANK, LTD.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

DRESDNER BANK AG NEW YORK & GRAND
CAYMAN BRANCHES

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

NBD BANK

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

FIRST UNION NATIONAL BANK

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:


21

CORESTATES BANK, N.A.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

INDUSTRIAL BANK OF JAPAN, LIMITED
NEW YORK BRANCH

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

OSTERREICHISCHE INVESTITIONSKREDIT
AG

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

MEESPIERSON N.V.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

MELLON BANK, N.A.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

THE MITSUBISHI TRUST & BANKING CORPORATION

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:


22

ISTITUTO BANCARIO SAN PAOLO DI
TORINO, S.P.A.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

SOCIETE GENERALE

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

THE SUMITOMO BANK, LIMITED

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

THE SUMITOMO TRUST & BANKING CO., LTD.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

TORONTO DOMINION (TEXAS), INC.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

PEOPLES SECURITY LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:


23

FRANKLIN FLOATING RATE TRUST

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

ING HIGH INCOME PRINCIPAL
PRESERVATION FUND HOLDINGS, LDC

By: ING CAPITAL ADVISORS, INC., as
Investment Advisor

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

ARCHIMEDES FUNDING, L.L.C.

By: ING CAPITAL ADVISORS, INC., as
Collateral Advisor

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

MERRILL LYNCH SENIOR FLOATING RATE
FUND, INC.

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

METROPOLITAN LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:


24

ORIX USA CORPORATION

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

PARIBAS CAPITAL FUNDING LLC

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

KZH HOLDING COMPANY III

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

THE BANK OF SCOTLAND

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:

NATEXIS BANQUE

By:___________________________
Name:
Title:


25

ALLIANCE CAPITAL MANAGEMENT L.P., as
Manager on behalf of Alliance Capital Funding, L.L.C.
By: Alliance Capital Management Corporation, General Partner of Alliance Capital Management L.P.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

ALLIANCE CAPITAL MANAGEMENT L.P., as
Manager on behalf of Alliance Investments Limited
By: Alliance Capital Management Corporation, General Partner of Alliance Capital Management L.P.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

BALANCED HIGH YIELD FUND I LTD.,
By: BHF-Bank Aktiengesellschaft, acting through its New York Branch, as
attorney-in-fact

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

CHASE SECURITIES INC, as Agent for The
Chase Manhattan Bank

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


26

CYPRESSTREE INVESTMENT
MANAGEMENT COMPANY, INC.
As: Attorney-in-Fact and on behalf of First Allmerica Financial Life Insurance
Company as Portfolio Manager

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

DELANO COMPANY
By: Pacific Investment Management Company, as its Investment Advisor

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

INDOSUEZ CAPITAL FUNDING IV, L.P.
By: Indosuez Capital Luxembourg, as
Collateral Manager

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

KZH-CNC CORPORATION

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

LEHMAN SYNDICATED LOANS INC.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


27

DEBT STRATEGIES FUND II, INC.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

MERRILL LYNCH GLOBAL INVESTMENT SERIES:
INCOME STRATEGIES PORTFOLIO
By: Merrill Lynch Asset Management, as
Investment Advisor

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

MERRILL LYNCH, PIERCE, FENNER AND SMITH
INCORPORATED

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

OSPREY INVESTMENTS MANAGEMENT COMPANY
By: Citibank, N.A., as Manager

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

ROYALTON COMPANY
By: Pacific Investments Management
Company, as Investment Advisor

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


28

SENIOR DEBT PORTFOLIO
By: Boston Management and Research, as
Investment Advisor

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

WADDELL & REED FINANCIAL INC.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

COMPAGNIE FINANCIERE DE CIC ET DE L'UNION
EUROPEENNE NEW YORK BRANCH

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


Annex A

PRICING GRID FOR REVOLVING CREDIT LOANS, SWING LINE LOANS,
TRANCHE A TERM LOANS AND COMMITMENT FEES

====================================================================================================================

                  Applicable                    Applicable
                   Margin                        Margin
                     for                           for
                  Revolving                     Tranche A
                   Credit                         Term                        Applicable
                    Loans        Applicable      Loans         Applicable      Margin        Applicable
                  which are     Margin for      which are     Margin for     for Tranche    Margin for
                  Base Rate      Revolving      Base Rate      Tranche A       B Term        Tranche B
                  Loans or     Credit Loans     Loans or      Term Loans        Loans       Term Loans
 Consolidated      Foreign       which are       Foreign       which are      which are      which are     Facility
 Leverage         Alternate    Eurocurrency     Alternate    Eurocurrency     Base Rate    Eurocurrency      Fee
 Ratio           Rate Loans        Loans       Rate Loans        Loans          Loans          Loans         Rate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Greater than        .75%           1.75%          1.25%          2.25%          1.50%          2.50%         .50%
or equal to
5.25 to 1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Greater than        .50%           1.50%          1.00%          2.00%          1.25%          2.25%         .50%
or equal to
4.50 to 1
   and
 Less than
 5.25 to 1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Greater than        .25%           1.25%           .75%          1.75%          1.25%          2.25%         .50%
or equal to
 4.00 to 1
    and
 Less than
 4.50 to 1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Greater than        0%             1.00%           .50%          1.50%          1.00%          2.00%         .50%
or equal to
 3.50 to 1
    and
 Less than
 4.00 to 1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Greater than        0%              .75%           .25%          1.25%          1.00%          2.00%         .50%
or equal to
 3.00 to 1
    and
 Less than
 3.50 to 1
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Less than          0%              .625%            0%          1.00%           .75%          1.75%         .375%
 3.00 to 1
====================================================================================================================

Changes in the Applicable Margin or in the Facility Fee Rate resulting from changes in the Consolidated Leverage Ratio shall become effective on the date (the "Adjustment Date") on which financial statements are delivered to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders pursuant to Section 7.1 (but in any event not later than the 50th day after the end of each of the first three quarterly periods of each fiscal year or the 100th day after the end of each fiscal year, as the case may be) and shall remain in effect until the next change to be effected pursuant to this paragraph. If any financial statements referred to above are not delivered within the time periods specified above, then, until such financial statements are delivered, the Consolidated Leverage Ratio as at the end of the fiscal period that would have been covered thereby shall for the purposes of this definition be deemed to be greater than 5.25 to 1. In addition, at all times while an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, the Consolidated Leverage Ratio shall for the purposes of this definition be deemed to be greater than 5.25 to 1. Each determination of the Consolidated Leverage Ratio pursuant to this definition shall be made with respect to the period of four consecutive fiscal quarters of the Company ending at the end of the period covered by the relevant financial statements.

BORROWING SUBSIDIARY APPROVAL

BORROWING SUBSIDIARY APPROVAL, dated as of May 27, 1998 (this "Approval"), in connection with the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, dated as of December 19, 1997, (as amended by the First Amendment, dated as of May 27, 1998 and as further amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the "Credit and Guarantee Agreement"), among Exide Corporation, a Delaware corporation (the "Company"), the Borrowing Subsidiaries signatory thereto, the Guarantors signatory thereto, the several lenders from time to time parties thereto (the "Lenders"), Lehman Commercial Paper Inc., as Syndication Agent for the Lenders (in such capacity, the "Syndication Agent") and Credit Suisse First Boston, as Administrative Agent for the Lenders (in such capacity, the "Administrative Agent").

W I T N E S S E T H:

WHEREAS, pursuant to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, the Lenders have agreed to make, and have made, certain loans and other extensions of credit to the Company and the Borrowing Subsidiaries; and

WHEREAS, the Credit and Guarantee Agreement permits Subsidiaries of the Company to be added as additional Borrowing Subsidiaries upon satisfaction of certain conditions set forth in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, including the approval of the Majority Revolving Credit Facility Lenders; and

WHEREAS, the Company has requested that the Lenders agree to add certain Subsidiaries of the Company as Borrowing Subsidiaries under the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and the Lenders are willing to agree to such addition upon the terms and conditions set forth in this Approval and the Credit and Guarantee Agreement;

NOW, THEREFORE, the parties hereto hereby agree as follows:

1. Defined Terms. Terms defined in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and used herein shall, unless otherwise indicated, have the meanings given to them in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement.

2. Approval of Addition of Subsidiaries as Borrowing Subsidiaries.
Subject to the terms and conditions of this Approval, the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and the Joinder Agreement of even date herewith made by Exide Italia S.p.A., (the "New Borrowing Subsidiary") in favor of the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Lenders, substantially in the form attached as Exhibit A hereto (the "Joinder Agreement"), the Lenders hereby approve the addition of the New Borrowing Subsidiary as a Borrowing Subsidiary under the Credit and Guarantee Agreement.

3. Conditions to Effectiveness. This Approval shall become effective upon the satisfaction of the following conditions precedent:

2

(a) The Administrative Agent shall have received counterparts of this Approval, duly executed by the Company, the Borrowing Subsidiaries, the Guarantors and the Majority Revolving Credit Facility Lenders.

(b) The Administrative Agent shall have received counterparts of the Joinder Agreement, duly executed and delivered by the Company and the New Borrowing Subsidiary, and by its signature hereto each of the Lenders is deemed to have accepted the contents of the Joinder Agreement, including, without limitation, the Designated Maximum specified therein.

(c) The Administrative Agent shall have received and be reasonably satisfied with corporate resolutions, other corporate documents, certificates and legal opinions in respect of the New Borrowing Subsidiary substantially equivalent to comparable documents delivered on the Closing Date in respect of the Borrowing Subsidiaries party to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement on the Closing Date.

(d) The Administrative Agent shall have received counterparts of the Foreign Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement, substantially in the form of Exhibit B to this Approval, duly executed and delivered by Exide Italia S.p.A.

(e) The Administrative Agent shall have received an additional Pledge Agreement granting to the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Foreign Lenders, a perfected first priority security interest in the Capital Stock of Exide Italia S.p.A., and all such legal opinions and any other documentation deemed necessary by the Administrative Agent in connection with such pledge shall be in form and substance, and, in the case of opinions, from counsel, reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

(f) The Administrative Agent shall have received such other documents with respect to any of the foregoing matters as it shall reasonably request.

4. Representations and Warranties. The Company as of the date hereof and after giving effect to the amendment contained herein, hereby confirms, reaffirms and restates that representations and warranties made by it in Section 5 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement; provided, that each reference to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement therein shall be deemed to be a reference to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement after giving effect to this Approval.

5. Payment of Expenses. The Company agrees to pay or reimburse the Syndication Agent and the Administrative Agent for all of their out-of-pocket costs and reasonable expenses incurred in connection with the Approval, any other documents prepared in connection herewith and the transactions contemplated hereby, including, without

3

limitation, the reasonable fees and disbursements of counsel to the Syndication Agent and the Administrative Agent.

6. Reference to and Effect on the Loan Documents; Limited Effect.
On and after the date hereof and the satisfaction of the conditions contained in
Section 3 of this Approval, each reference in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement to "this Agreement", "hereunder", "hereof" or words of like import referring to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, and each reference in the other Loan Documents to "the Credit and Guarantee Agreement", "thereunder", "thereof" or words of like import referring to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, shall mean and be a reference to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement as amended hereby. The execution, delivery and effectiveness of this Approval shall not, except as expressly provided herein, operate as a waiver of any right, power or remedy of any Lender or any Agent under any of the Loan Documents, nor constitute a waiver of any provisions of any of the Loan Documents. Except as expressly amended herein, all of the provisions and covenants of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and the other Loan Documents are and shall continue to remain in full force and effect in accordance with the terms thereof and are hereby in all respects ratified and confirmed.

7. Counterparts. This Approval may be executed by one or more of the parties hereto in any number of separate counterparts (which may include counterparts delivered by facsimile transmission) and all of said counterparts taken together shall be deemed to constitute one and the same instrument. Any executed counterpart delivered by facsimile transmission shall be effective as for all purposes hereof.

8. GOVERNING LAW. THIS APPROVAL AND THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES HERETO SHALL BE GOVERNED BY, AND CONSTRUED AND INTERPRETED IN ACCORDANCE WITH, THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK.

4

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Approval to be duly executed and delivered by their respective proper and duly authorized officers as of the day and year first above written.

EXIDE CORPORATION, as a Borrower and as a Guarantor

By:_________________________________________ Name:

Title:

EXIDE HOLDING EUROPE S.A.
COMPAGNIE EUROPEENNE
D'ACCUMULATEURS S.A.
EURO EXIDE CORPORATION LIMITED
SOCIEDAD ESPANOLA DEL ACUMULADOR
TUDOR S.A
TUDOR A.B.
EXIDE VERWALTUNGS GMBH
MERCOLEC TUDOR B.V.,

each as a Borrowing Subsidiary and as a
Guarantor

By:_________________________________________
Name:
Title:


5

ACCUMULATORENFABRIK SONNENSCHEIN GMBH
COMPAGNIA GENERALE ACCUMULATORI S.P.A.
SINAC S.R.L.
FULMEN IBERICA S.A.
CMP BATTERIES LIMITED
CMP BATTERIJEN B.V.
SOCIETE FRANCAISE DES ACCUMULATEURS TUDOR S.A.
CMP BATTERIER A/S
EXIDE AUTOMOTIVE BATTERIE GMBH
HAGEN BATTERIE A.G.
INDUSTRIA COMPOSIZIONI STAMPATE S.P.A.
HAGEN BATTERIJEN B.V.
ELECTRO MERCANTIL INDUSTRIAL S.A.
GAZTAMBIDE S.A.
TERRENOS Y CONSTRUCCIONES S.A.
T.S. BATTERIE S.R.L.
EXIDE BATTERIES LIMITED
B.I.G. BATTERIES LIMITED
EXIDE (DAGENHAM) LIMITED
EXIDE FRANCE S.A.
FULMEN UK LIMITED
EXIDE AUTOMOTIVE S.A.
CMP BATTERIJEN N.V.
SOCIEDAD PORTUGUESA DO ACUMULADOR TUDOR S.A.
EXIDE DENMARK A/S
GEMALA SWEDEN AB
CENTRA S.A.
DETA AKKUMULATORENWERK GMBH
MAREG ACCUMULATOREN GMBH
FRIWO SILBERKRAFT MBH
EXIDE SONNAK A/S
CMP BATTERIJEN S.A.
EXIDE AUTOMOTIVE S.A.
EXIDE LENDING LIMITED

each as a Guarantor, subject to the limitations,
if any, contained in Schedule 10.1

By:_____________________________________________
Name:
Title:


6

GBC, INC.
as a Guarantor

By:_____________________________________________
Name:
Title:

GENERAL BATTERY CORPORATION
as a Guarantor

By: Exide Investments, Inc., trustee

By:_____________________________________________
Name:
Title:

EXIDE INTERNATIONAL, INC.
as a Guarantor

By:_____________________________________________
Name:
Title:


7

LEHMAN BROTHERS INC., as Arranger

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

LEHMAN COMMERCIAL PAPER INC., as
Syndication Agent and as a Lender

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

CREDIT SUISSE FIRST BOSTON, as
Arranger and as Administrative Agent

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

CREDIT SUISSE FIRST BOSTON, as a
Lender

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

LEHMAN BROTHERS BANKHAUS AG

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


8

ALPHA CREDIT BANK A.E.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

BANK OF MONTREAL

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

BANQUE PARIBAS

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

BANK POLSKA KASA OPIEKI S.A. - PEKAO S.A.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

SCOTIABANK EUROPE PLC

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

BANCA POPOLARE DI BERGAMO-CREDITO
VARESINO S.C.A.R.L.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


9

BANKBOSTON, N.A.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

BANQUE ET CAISSE D'EPARGNE DE L'ETAT,
LUXEMBOURG

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

BHF BANK AKTENGESELLSCHAFT

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

BANQUE NATIONALE DE PARIS

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

BANCO ESPIRITO SANTO E COMERCIAL DE
LISBOA S.A.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

COMPAGNIE FINANCIERE DE CIC ET DE
L'UNION EUROPEENNE NEW YORK BRANCH

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


10

COMERICA BANK

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

CREDIT AGRICOLE INDOSUEZ

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

DAI-ICHI KANGYO BANK, LTD.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

DRESDNER BANK AG NEW YORK & GRAND
CAYMAN BRANCHES

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

NBD BANK

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

FIRST UNION NATIONAL BANK

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


11

CORESTATES BANK, N.A.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

INDUSTRIAL BANK OF JAPAN, LIMITED
NEW YORK BRANCH

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

OSTERREICHISCHE INVESTITIONSKREDIT AG

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

MEESPIERSON N.V.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

MELLON BANK, N.A.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

THE MITSUBISHI TRUST & BANKING CORPORATION

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


12

ISTITUTO BANCARIO SAN PAOLO DI
TORINO, S.P.A.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

SOCIETE GENERALE

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

THE SUMITOMO BANK, LIMITED

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

THE SUMITOMO TRUST & BANKING CO., LTD.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

TORONTO DOMINION (TEXAS), INC.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

PEOPLES SECURITY LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


13

FRANKLIN FLOATING RATE TRUST

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

ING HIGH INCOME PRINCIPAL PRESERVATION
FUND HOLDINGS, LDC

By: ING CAPITAL ADVISORS, INC.,
as Investment Advisor

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

ARCHIMEDES FUNDING, L.L.C.

By: ING CAPITAL ADVISORS, INC.,
as Collateral Advisor

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

MERRILL LYNCH SENIOR FLOATING RATE FUND, INC.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

METROPOLITAN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


14

ORIX USA CORPORATION

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

PARIBAS CAPITAL FUNDING LLC

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

KZH HOLDING COMPANY III

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

THE BANK OF SCOTLAND

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

NATEXIS BANQUE

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


15

ALLIANCE CAPITAL MANAGEMENT L.P., as
Manager on behalf of Alliance Capital
Funding, L.L.C.
By: Alliance Capital Management Corporation, General Partner of Alliance Capital Management L.P.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

ALLIANCE CAPITAL MANAGEMENT L.P., as
Manager on behalf of Alliance Investments Limited
By: Alliance Capital Management Corporation, General Partner of Alliance Capital Management L.P.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

BALANCED HIGH YIELD FUND I LTD.,
By: BHF-Bank Aktiengesellschaft, acting through its New York Branch, as
attorney-in-fact

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

CHASE SECURITIES INC, as Agent for The
Chase Manhattan Bank

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


16

CYPRESSTREE INVESTMENT
MANAGEMENT COMPANY, INC.
As: Attorney-in-Fact and on behalf of First Allmerica Financial Life Insurance
Company as Portfolio Manager

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

DELANO COMPANY
By: Pacific Investment Management Company, as its Investment Advisor

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

INDOSUEZ CAPITAL FUNDING IV, L.P.
By: Indosuez Capital Luxembourg, as
Collateral Manager

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

KZH-CNC CORPORATION

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

LEHMAN SYNDICATED LOANS INC.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


17

DEBT STRATEGIES FUND II, INC.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

MERRILL LYNCH GLOBAL INVESTMENT
SERIES: INCOME STRATEGIES PORTFOLIO
By: Merrill Lynch Asset Management, as
Investment Advisor

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

MERRILL LYNCH, PIERCE, FENNER AND
SMITH INCORPORATED

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

OSPREY INVESTMENTS MANAGEMENT
COMPANY
By: Citibank, N.A., as Manager

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

ROYALTON COMPANY
By: Pacific Investments Management
Company, as Investment Advisor

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


18

SENIOR DEBT PORTFOLIO
By: Boston Management and Research, as
Investment Advisor

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

WADDELL & REED FINANCIAL INC.

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:

COMPAGNIE FINANCIERE DE CIC ET DE
L'UNION EUROPEENNE NEW YORK BRANCH

By:_________________________________________ Name:
Title:


EXHIBIT A

BORROWING SUBSIDIARY JOINDER AGREEMENT

BORROWING SUBSIDIARY JOINDER AGREEMENT, dated as of May 27, 1998, made
by Exide Italia S.p.A., an Italian corporation (the "Borrowing Subsidiary") pursuant to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, dated as of December 19, 1997 (as amended by the First Amendment, dated as of May 27, 1998 and as may be further amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the "Credit and Guarantee Agreement"), among Exide Corporation (the "Company"), the
Borrowing Subsidiaries from time to time parties thereto (the "Borrowing Subsidiaries"; collectively with the Company, the "Borrowers"), the Subsidiary Guarantors from time to time parties thereto, the several Lenders from time to time parties thereto, Credit Suisse First Boston, as administrative agent (in such capacity, the "Administrative Agent") and Lehman Commercial Paper Inc., as syndication agent (in such capacity, the "Syndication Agent"). Unless otherwise defined herein, terms defined in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and used herein shall have the meanings given to them in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement.

For good and valid consideration, the sufficiency of which hereby is acknowledged, the Borrowing Subsidiary hereby agrees as follows:

(a) It shall be a Borrowing Subsidiary for all purposes under the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and the documents executed in connection therewith.

(b) The Designated Maximum with respect to the Borrowing Subsidiary is $40,000,000.

(c) It shall (i) be bound by all covenants, agreements, acknowledgements and other terms and provisions applicable to it, as a Borrowing Subsidiary pursuant to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and the documents executed in connection therewith to the same extent, and in the same manner, as if it (in its capacity as a Borrowing Subsidiary) were a direct party thereto and (ii) perform all obligations required of it pursuant to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and such other documents.

The Borrowing Subsidiary hereby acknowledges that it has received and reviewed a copy (in execution form) of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement (including, without limitation, all amendments, supplements and other modifications thereto) and each of the documents referred to therein (including, without limitation, all amendments, supplements and other modifications thereto).

The Borrowing Subsidiary hereby represents and warrants that (a) all representations and warranties contained in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and such other documents which are applicable to it (after giving effect to this Borrowing Subsidiary Joinder Agreement) are true and correct in all material respects and (b) immediately prior to and immediately after the effectiveness of this Borrowing Subsidiary Joinder Agreement, no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing.


2

The Company hereby agrees that its guarantees contained in Section 10 of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement shall remain in full force and effect after giving effect to this Borrowing Subsidiary Joinder Agreement.

The address and jurisdiction of incorporation of the Borrowing Subsidiary is set forth in Annex I to this Borrowing Subsidiary Joinder Agreement.

THIS BORROWING SUBSIDIARY JOINDER AGREEMENT SHALL BE GOVERNED BY, AND CONSTRUED AND INTERPRETED IN ACCORDANCE WITH, THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK.


3

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned has caused this Borrowing Subsidiary Joinder Agreement to be duly executed and delivered by its proper and duly authorized officer as of the date first written above.

EXIDE ITALIA S.P.A.

By: ______________________________________
Title:

EXIDE CORPORATION

By: ______________________________________
Title:

ACKNOWLEDGED AND AGREED TO;

CREDIT SUISSE FIRST BOSTON, as Administrative Agent

By: ___________________________________
Title:


Annex I

Administrative Information for Borrowing Subsidiary


Exhibit B

FOREIGN OBLIGATIONS GUARANTOR
JOINDER AGREEMENT

FOREIGN OBLIGATIONS GUARANTOR JOINDER AGREEMENT, dated as of May 27,
1998, made by Exide Italia S.p.A., an Italian corporation (the "Subsidiary Guarantor") pursuant to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, dated as of December 19, 1997 (as amended by the First Amendment, dated as of May 27, 1998 and as may be further amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the

"Credit and Guarantee Agreement"), among Exide Corporation (the "Company"), the
Borrowing Subsidiaries parties thereto (the "Borrowing Subsidiaries"; collectively with the Company, the "Borrowers"), the Subsidiary Guarantors from time to time parties thereto, the several Lenders from time to time parties thereto, Credit Suisse First Boston, as administrative agent (in such capacity, the "Administrative Agent") and Lehman Commercial Paper Inc., as syndication agent (in such capacity, the "Syndication Agent"). Unless otherwise defined herein, terms defined in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and used herein shall have the meanings given to them in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement.

For good and valid consideration, the sufficiency of which hereby is acknowledged, the Subsidiary Guarantor hereby agrees as follows:

(a) It shall be a Foreign Subsidiary Guarantor for all purposes under the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and the documents executed in connection therewith, and, as such, shall guarantee, to the extent set forth in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement, the Foreign Obligations.

(b) It shall (i) be bound by all covenants, agreements, acknowledgements and other terms and provisions applicable to it, as a Foreign Subsidiary Guarantor pursuant to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and the documents executed in connection therewith to the same extent, and in the same manner, as if it (in its capacity as a Foreign Subsidiary Guarantor) were a direct party thereto and (ii) perform all obligations required of it pursuant to the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and such other documents in such capacity.


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The Subsidiary Guarantor hereby acknowledges that it has received and reviewed a copy (in execution form) of the Credit and Guarantee Agreement (including, without limitation, all amendments, supplements and other modifications thereto) and each of the documents referred to therein (including, without limitation, all amendments, supplements and other modifications thereto).

The Subsidiary Guarantor hereby represents and warrants that (a) all representations and warranties contained in the Credit and Guarantee Agreement and such other documents which are applicable to it (after giving effect to this Foreign Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement) are true and correct in all material respects and (b) immediately prior to and immediately after the effectiveness of this Foreign Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement, no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing.

The address and jurisdiction of incorporation of the Subsidiary Guarantor is set forth in Annex I to this Foreign Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement.

THIS FOREIGN OBLIGATIONS GUARANTOR JOINDER AGREEMENT SHALL BE GOVERNED BY, AND CONSTRUED AND INTERPRETED IN ACCORDANCE WITH, THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK.


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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned has caused this Foreign Obligations Guarantor Joinder Agreement to be duly executed and delivered by its proper and duly authorized officer as of the date first written above.

EXIDE ITALIA S.P.A.

By: ______________________________________
Title:

ACKNOWLEDGED AND AGREED TO;

CREDIT SUISSE FIRST BOSTON, as Administrative Agent

By: ______________________________
Title:


Annex I

Administrative Information for Subsidiary Guarantor



EXHIBIT 10.23
CONFORMED COPY

RECEIVABLES SALE AGREEMENT

dated 3 June 1997

CMP BATTERIES LIMITED
EXIDE (DAGENHAM) LIMITED
FULMEN (U.K). LIMITED

and

B.I.G. BATTERIES LIMITED
collectively, as Seller

EXIDE EUROPE FUNDING LTD
as Buyer

CITIBANK, N.A.
as Operating Agent

Clifford Chance
London


CLAUSES                                                            PAGE NOS.


1.  DEFINITIONS AND CONSTRUCTION...................................      1
2.  FACILITY.......................................................     22
3.  CONDITIONS PRECEDENT...........................................     22
4.  PURCHASES......................................................     24
5.  COLLECTIONS AND SETTLEMENT.....................................     25
6.  FEES, COSTS AND STAMP DUTY.....................................     28
7.  PAYMENTS AND COMPUTATIONS, ETC.................................     31
8.  REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE SELLER...................     32
9.  AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS OF THE SELLER............................     36
10. NEGATIVE COVENANTS OF THE SELLER...............................     38
11. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS OF THE SELLER...........................     40
12. COLLECTION AGENT, COLLECTIONS AND BUYER ACCOUNT................     42
13. PROTECTION OF THE BUYER'S RIGHTS...............................     45
14. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SELLER.................................     46
15. AGENCY AND INDEMNITIES.........................................     49
16. AMENDMENTS, ETC................................................     52
17. NOTICES........................................................     52
18. NO WAIVER: REMEDIES............................................     53
19. BINDING EFFECT: ASSIGNABILITY..................................     53

20. TERMINATION....................................................     55
21. NO PROCEEDINGS.................................................     55
22. EXECUTION IN COUNTERPARTS: SEVERABILITY........................     56
23. CONFIDENTIALITY................................................     56
24. GOVERNING LAW AND JURISDICTION.................................     56

SCHEDULE 1.........................................................     58
    Offices of the Seller..........................................     58

SCHEDULE 2.........................................................     59
    Form of Admission of Additional Seller.........................     59

SCHEDULE 3.........................................................     62
    Form of Settlement Statement...................................     62

SCHEDULE 4.........................................................     63
    Form of Summary Report.........................................     63

SCHEDULE 5.........................................................     64
    Initial Conditions Precedent...................................     64

SCHEDULE 6.........................................................     66
    Form of Notice of Sale.........................................     66

SCHEDULE 7.........................................................     67
    Form of Contract...............................................     67

SCHEDULE 8 - Part 1................................................     68
    Information to be Provided to Exide Europe.....................     68

SCHEDULE 8 - Part 2................................................     69
    Form of Monthly Summary........................................     69


THIS RECEIVABLES SALE AGREEMENT, dated 3 June 1997, is made among:

(1) CMP BATTERIES LIMITED, a company with its registered office at P.O. Box 1; Salford Road, Over Hulton, Bolton BL5 1DD ("CMP");

(2) FULMEN (U.K.) LIMITED, a company with its registered office at Fulmen House, Eastern Road, Aldershot GUl2 4TD ("Fulmen");

(3) EXIDE (DAGENHAM) LIMITED, a company with its registered office at Chequers Lane, Dagenham, Essex RM9 6PX ("Exide Dagenham");

(4) B.I.G. BATTERIES LIMITED, a company with its registered office at Caldicot Way, Cwymbran, Gwent NP44 lUF ("BIG");

(all of the above parties are collectively referred to as the "Seller", or where the context requires, are also individually referred to as a "Seller");

(5) EXIDE EUROPE FUNDING LTD, a company with its registered office at 22 Grenville Street, St. Helier, Jersey JE4 8PX, Channel Islands (the "Buyer"); and

(6) CITIBANK, N.A., a United States national banking association acting through its London branch at 336 Strand, London WC2R 1HB (the "Operating Agent").

Preliminary Statements

A. The Seller desires to sell, from time to time, all of its rights and title to and interest in certain of its Receivables, and the Buyer desires to purchase, from time to time, such Receivables from the Seller on or after the Effective Date; and

B. The Operating Agent has been requested and is willing to act as Operating Agent as set out in this Agreement and, in particular, in Clause 15(A), subject to the ability of the Operating Agent to delegate its obligations pursuant to the terms of this Agreement, in particular, Clause 4(G).

NOW, THEREFORE, the parties agree as follows:

1. DEFINITIONS AND CONSTRUCTION

In this Agreement (including the Preliminary Statements):

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(A) Accounting Terms: All accounting terms not specifically defined in this Agreement shall be construed in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles as in effect on the date hereof in England and Wales.

(B) Defined Terms: The following terms shall have the meanings indicated:

"Account Debtor" means a Person obliged to make payment(s) pursuant to a Contract.

"Accounts Receivable Listing" means a list, by invoice number, of all of the Contracts which are shown on the Seller's general ledger as outstanding at the time the list is compiled together with such other information concerning each Contract, and in such format, as the Operating Agent may specify.

"Accounts Receivable Trial Balance" means the Seller's accounts receivable trial balance computer printout, containing a list of Account Debtors together with the aged Outstanding Balance of the Receivables.

"Accruals" means, as of any time, the aggregate amount by which the face value of Purchased Receivables have been reduced by virtue of any prompt payment discounts, accruals for volume rebates, warranty claims by the applicable Account Debtor(s), and other credit notes (including, without limitation, credit notes issued to Account Debtors as a result of disputes, claims and invoicing errors by the Seller).

"Advance Payment" means, at any time, the aggregate amount of any withdrawals from the Buyer Account made by the Seller under Clause 12(C) to the extent they are outstanding and not repaid.

"Adverse Claim" means any claim of ownership, lien, security interest, mortgage, charge, or encumbrance, or other right or claim of any Person.

"Admission of Additional Seller" means an agreement substantially in the form set out in Schedule 2.

"Affiliate" when used with respect to a Person means any other Person controlling, controlled by or under common control with that Person and includes a Subsidiary (as defined below) or a Holding Company (as defined in Section 736 of the Companies Act 1985) of that Person and any other Subsidiary of that Holding Company; provided however, that except in respect of paragraph (2) of the definition of "Eligible Receivable" and Clause 6(A), Persons which are not part of the Exide Group shall not be considered to be Affiliates of any Person which is part of the Exide Group.

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"Approved Jurisdiction" means each of (i) England, Wales, Scotland or Northern Ireland or (ii) France, Italy, Germany, Spain, The Netherlands or Belgium, or
(iii) another jurisdiction in respect of which the Seller has obtained as security from the applicable Account Debtor a clear and unconditional demand letter of credit (governed by the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits) from a bank whose short-term debt is rated at least A-1 and P-1 by the Rating Agencies, the term of which is in form and substance satisfactory to the Operating Agent (acting reasonably) and the conditions of which are in form and substance satisfactory to the Operating Agent (acting reasonably), and which letter of credit has been fully assigned to the Operating Agent (which assignment shall include full notice to the applicable bank issuing the letter of credit), requiring payment to be made directly to the Operating Agent.

"Available Collections" means, at any time, an amount equal to all Collections credited to the Buyer Account in respect of Purchased Receivables less all accrued Yield and Programme Costs (whether or not incurred or paid by the Buyer) together with any other amounts owing to the Buyer or the Operating Agent under this Agreement.

"Bank Facility Rate" means either: (a) in the event that either Eureka shall not at any time, fund its purchase under the RPA with the issuance of commercial paper, or purchases are being made under the PPA, due solely to an Early Amortisation Event, a per annum rate equal to Dollar LIBOR plus 1.75% and applicable reserve asset costs for a five year facility (as certified by the Operating Agent), or (b) in the event that Eureka shall not at any time fund its purchase under the RPA with the issuance of commercial paper or purchases are being made under the PPA, for any reason other than due to an Early Amortisation Event, a per annum rate equal to Dollar LIBOR plus 0.125% and applicable reserve asset costs for a five year facility (as certified by the Operating Agent).

"Base Rate" means a fluctuating interest rate per annum in effect from time to time, which rate per annum shall at all times be equal to the highest of:

(a) the rate of interest announced publicly by Citibank in New York, New York, from time to time, as Citibank's base rate:

(b) the sum (adjusted to the nearest 1/16 of 1% or, if there is no nearest 1/16 of 1%, to the next higher 1/16 of 1 %) of (i) 1/2 of 1% per annum, plus (ii) the rate obtained by dividing (A) the latest three-week moving average of secondary market morning offering rates in the United States for three-month certificates of deposit of major United States money market banks, such three-week moving average (adjusted to the basis of a year of 360 days) being determined weekly on each Monday (or, if such day is not a Programme Business Day, on the next succeeding Programme Business Day) for the three- week period ending on the previous Friday by Citibank on the basis of such rates reported by certificate of deposit

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dealers to and published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York or, if such publication shall be suspended or terminated, on the basis of quotations for such rates received by Citibank from three New York certificate of deposit dealers of recognised standing selected by Citibank, by (B) a percentage equal to 100% minus the average of the daily percentages specified during such three-week period by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (or any successor) for determining the maximum reserve requirement (including, but not limited to, any emergency, supplemental or other marginal reserve requirement) for Citibank with respect to liabilities consisting of or including (among other liabilities) three-month Dollar non- personal time deposits in the United States, plus (iii) the average during such three-week period of the annual assessment rates estimated by Citibank for determining the then current annual assessment payable by Citibank to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (or any successor) for insuring Dollar deposits of Citibank in the United States; and

(c) 1/2 of one per cent per annum above the Federal Funds Rate.

"Buyer Account" means the account in the name of the Buyer with the Collection Account Bank designated as such by the Buyer, or such other account at such bank as the Buyer may utilise for the purposes of this Agreement and designate as the Buyer Account.

"Buyer Entitlement" means, at any time, in respect of the total amount standing to the credit of the Collection Account, the portion thereof attributable to or representing Collections together with interest credited by the Collection Account Bank to such portion.

"Capital" equals, at any time, the Sterling Equivalent of the Seller's Proportionate Share of Programme Capital.

"Citibank" means Citibank, N.A., a national banking association under the laws of the United States of America.

"Collection Account" means in respect of each party comprising the Seller, the trust account set opposite the relevant Seller's name in Schedule 1, under the heading "Collection Account", in each case in the name of the appropriate Seller, established with the Collection Account Bank pursuant to the Trust Account Bank Mandate or such other account or accounts with the Collection Account Bank as may, with the prior written consent of the Operating Agent, be utilised for the purposes of this Agreement and designated as a Collection Account.

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"Collection Account Bank" means in respect of each party comprising the Seller, such bank and branch at which the Collection Account is, with the prior written consent of the Operating Agent, maintained from time to time.

"Collection Account Event" shall be deemed to have occurred if Exide Europe fails to maintain a Debt Service Cover Ratio of greater than 1.10 : 1.00.

"Collection Agent" means at any time the Person then authorised pursuant to this Agreement to service, administer and collect Purchased Receivables.

"Collections" means, with respect to any Purchased Receivable, all cash collections received and other cash proceeds of that Purchased Receivable (excluding any cash proceeds arising under any transaction as referred to in Clause 19(C)) and of any Related Security with respect to that Purchased Receivable received.

"Commitment" means the commitment of the Buyer under Clause 2 hereof.

"Concentration Amount" means as of any date, with respect to each Account Debtor, the product of (a) the Concentration Limit applicable to such Account Debtor and (b) the Dollar Equivalent of the Outstanding Balance of Purchased Receivables aggregated among all Origination Agreements.

"Concentration Limit" means, in relation to the aggregate Receivables for each Account Debtor: (a) for any single Account Debtor rated at least A-1 or P-1 or its equivalent by the Rating Agencies, 17%; (b) for any single Account Debtor rated A-2 or P-2 or its equivalent by the Rating Agencies, 8.5%; (c) for any single Account Debtor rated A-3 or P-3 or its equivalent by the Rating Agencies, 5.66%; (d) for any single Account Debtor rated below A-3 or P-3 or not rated on its short term debt, 3.4% (to the extent an Account Debtor does not have a short term rating but has an actual or implied senior long-term debt rating, the applicable percentage will be determined based on equivalent senior long-term debt ratings (as determined by the Operating Agent) for the short term ratings specified above).

"Contract" means a written agreement between the Seller and an Account Debtor pursuant to which the Account Debtor is obliged to pay for goods or services sold or provided by the Seller (including any value added tax in respect thereof) from time to time.

"Country Limit" means the Sterling Equivalent of $32,000,000.

"Credit and Collection Policy" means the Seller's policies, practices and procedures relating to Contracts and Receivables in form and content satisfactory to the Operating Agent in accordance with paragraph (i) of Schedule 5 as modified from time to time with the consent of the Operating Agent.

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"Currency Exchange Agreement" means, as of any time, the Currency Exchange Agreement (as that term is defined in the RPA or the PPA, as applicable) that may be entered into by the Buyer from time to time in accordance with the provisions of the RPA or PPA, as applicable.

"Custody Documents" means this Agreement or any Notice of Sale hereunder.

"Debt" means any indebtedness, present or future, actual or contingent in respect of moneys borrowed or raised or any financial accommodation whatever and, without limitation, shall include:

(1) indebtedness under or in respect of a negotiable or other financial instrument, Guarantee, interest, gold or currency exchange, hedge or arrangement of any kind, redeemable share, share the subject of a Guarantee, discounting arrangement, finance lease or hire purchase agreement;

(2) the deferred purchase price (for more than 90 days) of an asset or service; and

(3) any obligation to deliver goods or other property or provide services paid for in advance by a financier or in relation to another financing transaction.

"Debt Service Cover Ratio" means the Debt Service Cover Ratio as that term is defined and calculated pursuant to the Syndicated Facility; provided however, if the Syndicated Facility is terminated for any reason, the definition and calculation of Debt Service Cover Ratio for the purposes of this Agreement will survive such termination.

"Default Ratio" as of any date, is equal to the ratio (expressed as a percentage) for the most recent month for which such ratio is available of (i) aggregate Purchased Receivables that were 91-120 days past due at the end of each such month plus Purchased Receivables that were charged off (or, without duplication, which should have been charged off) as uncollectible during each such month which, if they had not been charged off (or, without duplication, which should have been charged off) would have been less than 90 days past due during such month to (ii) aggregate sales giving rise to Receivables that were generated during the calendar month immediately preceding the commencement of the Loss Horizon preceding such date.

"Defaulted Receivable" means a Receivable:

(1) which, after the original due date, remains unpaid in whole or in part for more than 90 days;

(2) in respect of which the Account Debtor has taken any action, or suffered any event to occur, of the type described in Clause 11(D)(2); or

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(3) which has been, or should be, written off or provided for in the Seller's books as uncollectible in accordance with the Credit and Collection Policy.

"Designated Account Debtor" means, at any time, all Account Debtors unless the Operating Agent has advised the Seller that an Account Debtor shall not be considered a Designated Account Debtor.

"Determination Date" means initially, the Effective Date and thereafter, each following Tuesday; provided however, if such day is not a Programme Business Day, the applicable Determination Date shall be the next succeeding Programme Business Day.

"Diluted Receivable" means that portion of any Purchased Receivable which is either (a) reduced or cancelled as a result of (i) any defective or rejected goods or services, or any failure by the Seller to deliver any goods or services or otherwise to perform under the underlying Contract or invoice, or (ii) any change in the terms of or cancellation of any Contract or invoice or any other adjustment by the Seller which reduces the amount payable by the Account Debtor on the related Purchased Receivable or (iii) any set-off in respect of any claim by the Account Debtor on the related Purchased Receivable or (b) subject to any specific dispute, offset, counterclaim or defence whatsoever (except the discharge in bankruptcy of the Account Debtor thereof).

"Dilution Horizon" means, at any time, the estimated weighted average period in days between the issuance of invoices and the related credit note, if any, by the Programme Sellers, as such period is calculated by the Operating Agent from time to time.

"Dilution Horizon Ratio" equals the higher of (a) the Dollar Equivalent of total sales giving rise to Programme Receivables for the Programme Sellers for the past Dilution Horizon divided by the Dollar Equivalent of the outstanding balance of Eligible Receivables (whether or not they are Purchased Receivables) aggregated among all Origination Agreements as of the end of the most recent month and (b) 0.5.

"Dilution Ratio" as of any date, is equal to the ratio (expressed as a percentage) for the most recently ended month of (i) the aggregate amount of Receivables that become Diluted Receivables during each such month to (ii) the aggregate sales giving rise to Receivables that were originated during the preceding month.

"Dilution Volatility Factor" means as of any date, a percentage equal to the product of (i) the amount by which (A) the highest two month average Programme Dilution Ratio during the most recently ended twelve month period exceeds (B) the average of the Programme Dilution Ratios during such twelve month period and
(ii) (A) the highest two month average Programme Dilution Ratio.

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during such twelve month period divided by (B) the average of the Programme Dilution Ratios during such twelve month period.

"Discount" means with respect to a Group of Receivables on the relevant Purchase Date the sum of applicable Yield, applicable Programme Costs, applicable Accruals, applicable Reserves and the Stamp Duty Reserve.

"Dollar Equivalent" of any sum in any currency at any time means the amount of Dollars that would be purchased under the Currency Exchange Agreement at the Spot Rate determined for such sum at the most recent Settlement Date.

"Dollars" and the sign "$" each mean the lawful currency of the United States of America.

"Early Amortisation Event" means the first to occur of:

(1) any Originator defaults in the payment on the due date of any payment due and payable by it under or relating to this Agreement or any of the other Relevant Documents and such default continues unremedied for a period of five (5) Local Business Days after the earlier of the Originator becoming aware of such default and the receipt by the Originator of written notice by the Operating Agent requiring the same to be remedied;

(2) subject to Clause 12(D), any Originator defaults in the performance or observance of any of its other covenants and obligations, or breaches any representation or warranty (other than a breach of the representation and warranty in Clause 8(T)), under this Agreement or any of the other Relevant Documents, which in the reasonable opinion of the Operating Agent is materially prejudicial to the interests of the Buyer and/or Eureka and/or the Liquidity Banks and/or the Operating Agent, and such default is not remedied to the satisfaction of the Operating Agent within five Local Business Days of the earlier of the Originator becoming aware of such default and receipt by the Originator of written notice by the Operating Agent requiring the same to be remedied (for the avoidance of doubt, for the purposes of this paragraph (2) if the Originator satisfies its obligations pursuant to Clause 5(D) within such five Local Business Day period, such default or breach shall not be considered to be an Early Amortisation Event);

(3) an effective resolution is passed for the winding up of any Originator;

(4) any Originator ceases or threatens to cease to carry on its business or ceases to carry on the whole or a substantial part of its business, or stops payment or threatens to stop payment of its debts, (which cessation or threat thereof would, in the opinion of the Operating Agent be

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likely to materially and adversely affect the Originator's ability to perform its obligations under the Relevant Documents, or any of them) or the Originator becomes unable to pay its debts, or is deemed unable to pay its debts within the meaning of section 123 of the Insolvency Act 1986 other than section 123(1)(a) thereof (as that section may be amended, varied or re-enacted), or becomes unable to pay its debts as they fall due, or the value of its assets falls to less than the amount of its liabilities (taking into account for both these purposes its contingent and prospective liabilities) or otherwise becomes insolvent;

(5) Exide Europe ceases at any time to own, directly or indirectly, a minimum of 80% of each class of the outstanding capital stock of any Seller;

(6) Exide Europe breaches the 1:1 Debt Service Cover Ratio;

(7) any Debt of a member of the Exide Group in excess (in the aggregate) of the Sterling Equivalent of $5,000,000 becoming prematurely due and payable or is placed on demand as a result of an event of default (howsoever described) under the document relating to that Debt;

(8) any sale of Eligible Receivables under this Agreement ceases to create a valid and perfected first priority interest or security interest in such Eligible Receivables;

(9) proceedings are initiated against the Originator in respect of its liquidation, winding-up, administration, insolvency, composition, reorganisation (other than a reorganisation the terms of which have been approved by the Operating Agent and where the Originator is solvent) under any applicable liquidation, administration, insolvency, composition, reorganisation or other similar laws save where such proceedings are being contested in good faith by the Originator, or an administrative or other receiver, servicer or other similar official is appointed in relation to the Originator or in relation to the whole or any substantial part of the undertaking or assets of the Originator or an encumbrancer shall take possession of the whole or any substantial part of the undertaking or assets of the Originator, or a distress or execution or other process shall be levied or enforced upon or sued out against the whole or any substantial part of the undertaking or assets of the Originator and in any of the foregoing cases it shall not be discharged within 15 days;

(10) if the Originator shall initiate or consent to judicial proceedings relating to itself under any applicable liquidation, administration, insolvency, composition, reorganisation or other similar laws or shall make a conveyance or assignment for the benefit of its creditors generally;

(11) for any three month period, the average Default Ratio exceeds 4%;

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(12) for any three month period, the average Dilution Ratio exceeds 7%;

(13) for any three month period, the average Loss to Liquidation Ratio exceeds 0.5%;

(14) the Buyer is unable to obtain appropriate funds from its currency swap counterparty under the Currency Exchange Agreement; or

(15) an Early Amortisation Event as that term is defined under the RPA or the PPA, or a Programme Amortisation Event under any other Origination Agreement.

"Effective Date" means the date upon which the initial conditions precedent set forth in Schedule 5 have been satisfied and which has been designated as such by the Operating Agent, which day shall be a Thursday which is a Programme Business Day.

"Eligible Receivable" means a Receivable:

(1) the Account Debtor of which is a corporate body/entity which is (according to the address specified in the related invoice) resident of an Approved Jurisdiction;

(2) the Account Debtor of which is a Designated Account Debtor and is not an Affiliate of any party to this Agreement;

(3) the Account Debtor of which is not the Account Debtor of any Defaulted Receivables the aggregate Outstanding Balance of which equals or exceeds 10% of the aggregate Outstanding Balance of all Receivables of such Account Debtor;

(4) in respect of the Account Debtor of which no delivery or shipment has been cancelled or suspended for credit reasons and no credit line or accommodation has been cancelled or suspended for credit reasons, in either case at any time in the 2 years preceding the date that the invoice relating thereto is despatched;

(5) which is not a Defaulted Receivable at the date of Purchase;

(6) which, according to the Contract related thereto, is required to be paid in full on a date which falls (i) not earlier than the Purchase Date and (ii) within 90 days in respect of CMP or 120 days in respect of Fulmen, BIG and Exide Dagenham, after the earlier of the original billing date and the date that the invoice relating thereto is despatched;

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(7) the Dollar Equivalent of the Outstanding Balance of which, when added to the Dollar Equivalent of the Outstanding Balance (as that term is defined under each Origination Agreement) of all other Purchased Receivables owing by the same Account Debtor or any of its Affiliates under all Origination Agreements, does not exceed the Concentration Amount;

(8) which is denominated and payable only in Sterling;

(9) which (A) arises, under a form of Contract set out in Schedule 7 (or which otherwise has been duly authorised by the Operating Agent), which is stated to be, and is, governed (for the purposes of the conflict of laws principles of the Approved Jurisdiction in question) by English law and which, together with such Receivable, is in full force and effect and constitutes the legal, valid, binding and enforceable obligation of the Account Debtor, (B) is freely assignable (or if not assignable without the consent of the Account Debtor, such consent has been obtained to the satisfaction of the Operating Agent) and (C) is not subject to any Adverse Claim or dispute, set off, counterclaim or defence whatsoever;

(10) which, together with the Contract related thereto, does not contravene in any material respect any applicable laws, rules or regulations and with respect to which the Seller is not in violation of any such law, rule or regulation in any material respect;

(11) which (A) satisfies all applicable requirements of the Credit and Collection Policy and (B) complies with such other criteria and requirements (other than those relating to the collectability of such Receivable) as the Operating Agent may from time to time specify to the Seller and which are based on a criterion or requirement of any one or more of the Rating Agencies;

(12) which is not subject to withholding taxes on payments from the Account Debtors in respect thereof;

(13) which represents all or part of the sales price in respect of the supply of goods or services in the Approved Jurisdiction in question;

(14) the Account Debtor of which is not a government agency or local authority unless, the Account Debtor of which is considered a separate corporate entity under applicable law that is owned, directly or indirectly by a government agency or local authority;

(15) which has not been prepaid in whole or in part; and

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(16) for which all goods and services to which it relates have been delivered and performed, and all requirements of such Contract concerning the nature, amount, quality, condition or delivery of the goods or services, or upon which payment of such Receivable may be dependent, have been fulfilled in all material respects.

"Eureka" means Eureka Securitisation, Plc, a company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales.

"Exide Europe" means Exide Holding Europe, a French societe anonyme.

"Exide Group" means Exide Europe and all of its Subsidiaries.

"Facility Fee" means the Seller's Proportionate Share of 0.30% per annum of the Facility Limit calculated monthly in arrears and applied on each Settlement Date.

"Facility Limit" means $175,000,000.

"Federal Funds Rate" means, for any period, a fluctuating interest rate per annum equal for each day during such period to the weighted average of the rates on overnight Federal funds transactions with members of the Federal Reserve System arranged by Federal funds brokers, as published for such day (or, if such day is not a Programme Business Day, for the next preceding Programme Business Day) by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, or, if such rate is not so published for any day that is a Programme Business Day, the average of the quotations for such day on such transactions received by the Agent from three Federal funds brokers of recognised standing selected by it.

"Fees Letter" means the Fees Agreement dated as of the date hereof, between, inter alia, the Originator, Exide Funding, Exide Europe and the Operating Agent in respect of the calculation and payment of certain fees.

"Final Payment Date" means the date on which payment is made by the Operating Agent to the Seller pursuant to Clause 5(C).

"Foreign Currency Reserve" as of any Settlement Date will equal 5.5% of the Loss and Dilution Reserve for such Settlement Date, or such other amount as determined by the Operating Agent (and notified in writing to the Seller), acting reasonably (upon the written request of the Seller after any redetermination of the level of the Foreign Currency Reserve, the Operating Agent agrees to provide the Seller with information relating to the basis of such redetermination).

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"Group of Receivables" means, at any time, all Receivables purchased or to be purchased by the Buyer on a Purchase Date or, as appropriate, the Group of Receivables specified in a Notice of Sale.

"Guarantee" means any guarantee, indemnity, letter of credit or any other obligation or irrevocable offer (whatever called and of whatever nature):

(1) to pay or to purchase;

(2) to provide funds (whether by the advance of money, the purchase of or subscription for shares or other securities, the purchase of assets, rights or services, or otherwise) for the payment or discharge of;

(3) to indemnify against the consequences of default in the payment of; or

(4) to be responsible otherwise for,

an obligation or indebtedness of another person, a dividend, distribution, capital or premium on shares, stock or other interests, or the insolvency or financial condition of another person.

"Initial Purchase" means the first Purchase completed under this Agreement.

"Interest Period" means initially, the period commencing on the Effective Date and ending on the following Settlement Date, and thereafter, each period beginning on the day following the last day of the immediately preceding Interest Period and ending on the following Settlement Date; provided however, if such day is not a Programme Business Day, the applicable Interest Period shall end on the next succeeding Programme Business Day.

"Letter of Undertaking" means the Letter of Undertaking given by Exide Europe substantially in the form set out in Schedule 2 to the RPA.

"LIBOR" means the rate per month determined by the Operating Agent to be equal to the arithmetic mean (rounded upwards, if not already such a multiple, to the nearest whole multiple of one-sixteenth of one per cent) of the offered quotations for Dollars which appear on page 3750 of the Telerate screen or, if such page or service shall cease to be available, such other page or such other service (as the case may be) as the Operating Agent may select. If less than two quotations for the relevant rate and the relevant period are displayed and the Operating Agent has not selected an alternative service on which two or more such quotations are displayed "LIBOR" shall mean the Base Rate.

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"Liquidity Bank" means any financial institution which may from time to time become a party to the PPA as a Liquidity Bank thereunder.

"Local Business Day" means any day (other than a Saturday or Sunday) on which banks and foreign exchange markets are open for business in London. Where an obligation is expressed in this Agreement to be performed on a Local Business Day and such Local Business Day is not also a Programme Business Day, the applicable Local Business Day shall be the immediately preceding Local Business Day which is also a Programme Business Day.

"Loss and Dilution Reserve" as of any Settlement Date will equal:

[C + YR] x [max(DYN,FLOOR)/1-(max(DYN,FLOOR))]

where:

DYN = [(SF2 x ED) + DVF] x DHR + (SF1 x LR x LHR)

FLOOR = CF + (ED x DHR), with a minimum amount of $12,000,000

where:

C = Programme Capital

YR = Seller's Proportionate Share of Yield Reserve

SF1 = Stress Factor One = 2.25

SF2 = Stress Factor Two = 2.25

ED = Average Programme Dilution Ratio during the preceding 12 months

DVF = Dilution Volatility Factor

DHR = Dilution Horizon Ratio

LHR = Loss Horizon Ratio

CF = Concentration Floor = 17%

LR = Loss Ratio

"Loss Horizon" equals the sum of 90 days plus the Weighted Average Term calculated among all Origination Agreements as of the Settlement Date.

"Loss Horizon Ratio" equals the total sales giving rise to Programme Receivables for the Programme Sellers for the Loss Horizon divided by the outstanding balance of Programme Receivables as of the end of the most recent month.

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"Loss Ratio" as of any date equals the highest 3 month average Default Ratio aggregated among all Origination Agreements which has occurred in the 12 months immediately preceding such date.

"Loss to Liquidation Ratio" as of any date, is equal to the ratio (expressed as a percentage) of (i) the Dollar Equivalent of the aggregate outstanding balance of all Receivables that were written off by the Seller during the twelve month period most recently ended prior to such date to (ii) the aggregate amount of such total sales giving rise to Receivables less the Dollar Equivalent of the total Diluted Receivables during such twelve month period.

"Net Receivable Balance" means at any time the excess of (i) the Dollar Equivalent of the aggregate Outstanding Balance of Eligible Receivables (whether or not they are Purchased Receivables) over (ii) the sum of the Overconcentration Amount at such time, plus the aggregate Unapplied Cash at such time.

"Notice of Sale" has the meaning assigned to that term in Clause 4(A).

"Onward Sale Fee" means 0.01% per annum on the average outstanding Capital calculated monthly in arrears and applied on each Settlement Date.

"Origination Agreement" means as of any time each agreement whereby a member of the Exide Group sells trade receivables originated in the ordinary course of business of such member company and which has been designated from time to time as such by the Operating Agent. Until and unless a designation has been made by the Operating Agent to the contrary, the Origination Agreements shall consist of
(i) for the United Kingdom, this Agreement, (ii) for France, the Receivables Subrogation Agreement dated as of the date hereof between CEAC, Compagnie Europeenne d'Accumulateurs S.A. and Batterie Hagen as Originators, Exide Funding as Receivables Purchaser and Citibank as Operating Agent, (iii) for Spain, the Receivables Sale Agreement dated as of the date hereof between Sociedad Espanola del Acumulador Tudor, S.A. as Seller, Exide Funding as Buyer, Tudor Collections Ltd as Agent and Citibank as Operating Agent, (iv) for Italy, (a) the Receivables Purchase Agreement dated as of the date hereof between Societa Industriale Accumulatori s.r.l. and Compagnia Generale Accumulatori S.p.A. as Seller, Archimede Securitisation s.r.l. as Buyer, Citibank (London branch) as Operating Agent and Citibank (Milan branch) as Allocation Agent, and (b) the Onward Sale Agreement dated as of the date hereof between Archimede Securitisation s.r.l. as onward seller, Exide Funding as onward buyer and Citibank as Operating Agent, and (v) for Germany, the German Receivables Sale Agreement dated as of the date hereof between Accumulatorenfabrik Sonnenschein GmbH, Exide Automotive Batterie GmbH and Hagen Batterie AG as Sellers, Exide Funding as Buyer and Citibank as Operating Agent.

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"Originator" means each of CMP, Fulmen, Exide Dagenham and BIG, in its capacity as Seller or Collection Agent, as the context may require.

"Outstanding Balance" of any Receivable at any time means the then unpaid face amount thereof (including VAT) (except for purposes of determining the Default Ratio, where the unpaid face amount of any Purchased Receivable which has been, or would be, written off or provided for in the Seller's books as uncollectible in accordance with the Credit and Collection Policy shall be deemed to be zero).

"Overconcentration Amount" means at any time the Dollar Equivalent of the sum of the amounts, if any, by which the Outstanding Balance of Receivables owing by each Account Debtor on such date exceeds the Concentration Amount applicable to such Account Debtor.

"Person" means an individual, partnership, company, body corporate, corporation, trust, unincorporated association, joint venture, government, or governmental body or agency or other entity.

"PPA" means the Parallel Purchase Agreement dated as of the date hereof between the Buyer, the Liquidity Banks (as defined therein) and the Operating Agent.

"Programme" means the revolving sale of trade receivables originated by Exide Holdings Europe S.A. and certain of its subsidiaries and the funding of such revolving sale pursuant to the funding arrangements established in relation to each Origination Agreement.

"Programme Amortisation Event" means an Early Amortisation Event of the type described in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), (6), (7), (9), (10) or (15) of the definition of "Early Amortisation Event".

"Programme Business Day" means any day (other than a Saturday or Sunday) on which banks and foreign exchange markets are open for business in London, Paris and New York. Where an obligation is expressed in this Agreement to be performed on a Programme Business Day and such Programme Business Day is not also a Local Business Day, such obligation shall be performed on the immediately preceding Local Business Day which is also a Programme Business Day.

"Programme Capital" equals, at any time, total Capital as defined and calculated pursuant to the RPA or the PPA, as applicable.

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"Programme Costs" comprise (a) the Onward Sale Fee and (b) the Seller's Proportionate Share of (i) the Facility Fee, (ii) the Investor Fee as defined in the Fees Letter and (iii) the Programme Fee as defined in the Fees Letter.

"Programme Dilution Ratio" as of any date, is equal to the aggregate of the Dilution Ratios calculated among all Origination Agreements.

"Programme Receivables" means the aggregate Dollar Equivalent of Receivables (as that term is defined in each Origination Agreement), aggregated among all Origination Agreements.

"Programme Sellers" means, collectively, all of the Affiliates of Exide Europe designated as Sellers or Originators pursuant to all of the Origination Agreements.

"Proportionate Share" equals, at any time, in respect of the Seller or any party comprising the Seller, the result of the formula: the Dollar Equivalent of all Purchased Receivables from the Seller (or such party, as applicable), divided by the Dollar Equivalent of all Purchased Receivables and Subrogated Receivables (as these terms are used in each applicable Origination Agreement), aggregated among all Origination Agreements.

"Purchase" means a purchase or purported purchase by the Buyer of a Group of Receivables from the Seller pursuant to this Agreement.

"Purchase Date" means the Effective Date and each Settlement Date after the Effective Date occurring before the Termination Date on which there is a Purchase of Receivables by the Buyer as contemplated by this Agreement.

"Purchase Price" means, in respect of a Group of Receivables, an amount in Sterling equal to the Outstanding Balance of the Group of Receivables as at the proposed Purchase Date less the Discount, as calculated by the Operating Agent.

"Purchased Receivable" means a Receivable (whether or not an Eligible Receivable) purchased or purported to be purchased by the Buyer under this Agreement.

"Rating Agencies" means Standard & Poor's Ratings Group, a division of the McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. and Moody's Investors Service, Inc.

"Receivable" means the indebtedness of any Account Debtor under a Contract arising from a sale or contract of sale of merchandise or provision or contract of provision of services by the Seller and representing part or all of the sale price of such merchandise or services and includes the right to

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payment of any interest or finance charges and other obligations of such Account Debtor with respect thereto.

"Related Security" means with respect to any Receivable all of the Seller's interest in any goods and work in progress (including returned or repossessed goods and work in progress) relating to the sale creating such Receivable, and all insurance policies, security, deposits, guarantees, indemnities, letters of credit, bills of exchange, cheques, other negotiable instruments, warranties, retention of title and other agreements and arrangements not created or made by the Buyer supporting or securing payment of such Receivable.

"Relevant Date" means the earlier of:

(1) the date on which all Capital of all Groups of Receivables is reduced to zero; and

(2) the date on which the Outstanding Balance of all Purchased Receivables is reduced to zero.

"Relevant Documents" means this Agreement, the Trust Account Bank Mandate and the Fees Letter.

"Reserves" means as of any date the Seller's Proportionate Share of the sum of the Loss and Dilution Reserve, the Yield Reserve and the Foreign Currency Reserve.

"RPA" means the Receivables Purchase Agreement dated as of the date hereof between the Buyer, Eureka and the Operating Agent.

"Security Interest" means any mortgage, pledge, lien, charge, assignment, hypothecation or security interest or any other agreement or arrangement having the effect of conferring security.

"Seller" means, collectively, CMP, Fulmen, Exide Dagenham and BIG and any Additional Seller made party to this Agreement in accordance with Clause 19(D), provided that, for the avoidance of doubt, all covenants, indemnities, representations and warranties given or made by any party comprising the Seller pursuant to this Agreement (whether in its capacity as Seller or as Collection Agent) shall be deemed to be given or made jointly and severally by it and the other parties comprising the Seller, and vice versa. Where the context requires, each such party individually shall also be considered to be a "Seller".

"Seller Entitlement" means, at any time, in respect of the total amount standing to the credit of the Collection Account together with interest thereon, the portion thereof which is not attributable to or representing Collections.

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"Seller Non-Transaction Account" means in respect of each party comprising the Seller, the account set opposite the relevant Seller's name in Schedule 1, under the heading "Seller Non-Transaction Account", in each case in the name of the appropriate Seller, established with the Collection Account Bank, or such other account at such branch of such bank as the Seller may from time to time specify by written notice to the Collection Account Bank with a copy to the Operating Agent.

"Settlement Date" means initially, the Effective Date and thereafter, each following Thursday; provided however, if such day is not a Programme Business Day which is also a Local Business Day under the Origination Agreement for Italy, the Settlement Date for such week shall be the next succeeding Programme Business Day which is also a Local Business Day under the Origination Agreement for Italy.

"Settlement Period" means any period beginning on (and including) a Settlement Date and ending on (but excluding) the next following Settlement Date.

"Settlement Statement" means a statement, as of any Settlement Date, prepared by the Operating Agent substantially in the form of Schedule 3 showing (amongst other things) the amount of Receivables purchased by the Buyer during the last Settlement Period.

"Spot Rate" means, as of any Settlement Date, the spot rate utilised for the Currency Exchange Agreement as determined for such Settlement Date.

"Stamp Duty" means any stamp duty, stamp duty reserve tax, registration or other transaction or documentary tax (including without limitation, any penalty or interest payable in connection with any failure to pay or any delay in paying any of the same).

"Stamp Duty Account" means the account kept pursuant to Clause 6(D).

"Stamp Duty Reserve" as of any time means 1% of the value of the Outstanding Balance of Purchased Receivables (or such greater or lesser amount that may be required under then-applicable United Kingdom stamp duty legislation).

"Sterling" and the sign "POUND" each mean the lawful currency of the United Kingdom.

"Sterling Equivalent" of any sum and at any time means the amount of Sterling that would be purchased under the Currency Exchange Agreement at the Spot Rate for such sum at such time.

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"Subsidiary" means:

(a) a subsidiary within the meaning of Section 736 of the Companies Act 1985, as amended by Section 144 of the Companies Act 1989; and

(b) unless the context otherwise requires, a subsidiary undertaking within the meaning of Section 21 of the Companies Act 1989.

"Summary Report" means a report as of each Determination Date or more frequently if requested by the Operating Agent, substantially in the form of Schedule 4, furnished by the Seller to the Operating Agent pursuant to Clause 11(F).

"Summary Report Date" means each Determination Date or such other dates as the Operating Agent may request.

"Syndicated Facility" means the FF 2,569,000,000 Facilities Agreement dated 30th November 1995 between Compagnie Europeenne d'Accumulateurs S.A., Euro Exide Corporation Limited, Exide Holding Europe and Sociedad Espanola del Acumulador Tudor S.A. as the Lead Borrowers, Bankers Trust International Plc. as Lead Arranger, Bankers Trust Company, Bank of America National Trust and Savings Association, Bank of Montreal and Citibank International Plc. as Underwriters, Bank of America International Limited, Bank of Montreal and Citibank International Plc. as Co-Arrangers, Bankers Trust Company as Agent and Security Agent and the Lenders described therein, as that agreement may be amended or restated from time to time.

"Temporary Adjustment Account" means the sub-account held by the Buyer with Citibank, N.A., London branch, denominated in Sterling and utilised for the purposes set out in Clause 12(D), under the account number 60918971.

"Termination Date" means the earliest to occur of (1) the Programme Business Day designated by the Seller as the Termination Date following 2 Programme Business Days' notice to the Operating Agent, (2) the Termination Date under the RPA or the PPA, (3) an Early Amortisation Event, and (4) 3 June 2002.

"Trust Account Bank Mandate" means an agreement in respect of each Collection Account in form and substance satisfactory to the Operating Agent (as evidenced by its execution thereof), as described in Clause 8(Q).

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"Turnover Rate" means, as of any Purchase Date, the average of each of the three most recently ended months outstanding Net Receivable Balance under the RPA or the PPA, as applicable, as of the last day of each such month, over the Dollar Equivalent of the aggregate outstanding balance of Receivables sold by the Sellers and Originators under all Origination Agreements during each such month.

"Unapplied Cash" means as of any date with respect to any Receivable, the aggregate Collections which have not yet been reflected on the books and records of the Originator as a reduction to the Dollar Equivalent of the Outstanding Balance of such Receivable.

"Weighted Average Term" means the weighted average term of all Purchased Receivables, calculated on the basis of the formula: E(original stated payment term of each invoice x amount of such invoice) / Einvoice amount.

"Yield" will be calculated on the first Purchase Date and on each Settlement Date thereafter on the basis of the outstanding Capital as at such dates times the Yield Rate divided by 360 times the number of days elapsed in the relevant Interest Period.

"Yield Rate" will be the cost of commercial paper notes issued by Eureka to fund its purchase of Receivables, plus related dealer commissions and administration costs (such administration costs not to exceed 0.03% of Capital per annum), plus the cost of swapping Dollar proceeds of commercial paper into the currency of the Purchased Receivables, determined by the Operating Agent and expressed as a percentage of Capital. In the event Eureka shall not at any time, fund its purchases under the RPA with the issuance of commercial paper, or if purchases are being made under the PPA, the Yield Rate shall be the Bank Facility Rate.

"Yield Reserve" means as of any Settlement Date, the product of (1) two times the Turnover Rate for such date and (2) the sum of (a) fifty-two times the Yield for such date, divided by 12 (Yield calculated for this purpose using the higher of the Yield Rate and the rate shown in paragraph (a) of the definition of "Bank Facility Rate"); (b) the facility fee of 0.30% per annum of the Facility Limit calculated monthly in arrears and applied on each Settlement Date; (c) the Programme Fee as defined in the Fees Letter; and (d) the product of (i) the Dollar Equivalent of the most recently ended month's outstanding Net Receivable Balance aggregated among all Origination Agreements less the Dollar Equivalent of Defaulted Receivables aggregated among all Origination Agreements and (ii) 0.75% (substitute collection agent reserve) the resulting figure divided by 12.

(C) This Agreement: Any reference to "this Agreement" or any other agreement or document shall, unless the context otherwise requires, include this Agreement or, as the case may be, that other agreement or document as from time to time amended, supplemented or novated,

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and any document which amends, supplements or novates this Agreement or, as the case may be, that other agreement or document. Any reference to Clauses or paragraphs in this Agreement is, subject to any contrary indication, a reference to a Clause or paragraph in this Agreement.

(D) Origination Agreements: All references in this Agreement to terms defined in the Origination Agreements or to amounts which are aggregated among all Origination Agreements, shall, unless the contrary is indicated, be deemed to refer to the equivalent concepts in the Origination Agreements where the same defined term is not used.

(E) Headings: Headings shall be ignored in construing this Agreement.

(F) Time: Save where the contrary is indicated, any reference in this Agreement to a time of day (including opening and closing of business hours) shall be construed as a reference to London time.

(G) Time of Essence: Time shall be of the essence in this Agreement and all documents delivered pursuant to the terms of this Agreement, subject to the prior waiver of such timing by the affected party.

2. FACILITY

In consideration of the covenants contained in this Agreement, the receipt and sufficiency of which is hereby acknowledged, the Buyer hereby offers to commit to purchase from the Seller on each Purchase Date falling on or after the Effective Date, full equitable and beneficial title and ownership in and to certain Receivables on the terms and conditions set out in this Agreement.

3. CONDITIONS PRECEDENT

(A) To Initial Purchase: The Initial Purchase is subject to the condition precedent that the Operating Agent receive on or before the date of such Initial Purchase the documents and information specified in Schedule 5, each in form and substance satisfactory to the Operating Agent.

(B) To All Purchases: Each Purchase (including the Initial Purchase) is subject to the further following conditions precedent:

(1) On each Purchase Date the following statements must be true and correct (and the Seller will be deemed to have so certified on such date that):

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(a) the representations and warranties of the Seller contained in this Agreement are true and correct on and as of such day as though made on such day and by reference to the then existing circumstances;

(b) the Seller has delivered such directors' certificate as may be required by the Operating Agent as to the Seller's solvency;

(c) after the proposed Purchase the Outstanding Balance of Purchased Receivables would be at least equal to the sum of (i) aggregate outstanding Capital, (ii) applicable Accruals, and (iii) Reserves in relation to outstanding Capital;

(d) there has been no Early Amortisation Event which has not been waived by the Operating Agent in writing;

(e) there has been no sale by the Seller of any of its Receivables out of the ordinary course of its business without the prior written consent of the Operating Agent;

(f) in respect of the Purchase of Receivables whose Account Debtors are resident in France, Italy, Germany, Spain, The Netherlands or Belgium, after the proposed Purchase, Capital in respect of such Purchased Receivables does not exceed 15% of the Capital in respect of all Purchased Receivables; and

(g) after the proposed Purchase, Capital would not exceed the Country Limit, and Programme Capital would not exceed the Facility Limit.

(2) On or prior to each Purchase Date the Seller shall have delivered to the Operating Agent an Accounts Receivable Listing.

(3) On or prior to each Purchase Date the Seller shall have complied with all of its reporting and other obligations under this Agreement, unless any such failure to comply has been waived by the Operating Agent in respect of such Purchase Date.

(4) The Commitment shall not have been cancelled.

(5) The Operating Agent has received such other approvals, legal opinions or documents as the Operating Agent may reasonably request.

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(C) The Operating Agent shall, as soon as reasonably practicable after submission to it of a form of Contract other than the form set out in Schedule 7, notify the Seller as to whether it approves of the form for the purposes of paragraph (9) of the definition of "Eligible Receivable", such approval not to be unreasonably withheld. In considering whether to approve such other form of Contract, the Operating Agent may, as a condition of considering whether to give its approval" take such legal advice as it deems appropriate including, without limitation, advice from English, Scottish or Northern Irish solicitors, and all related costs, charges, and expenses (including without limitation reasonable legal fees, disbursements and VAT thereon) shall be for the account of the Seller.

(D) The Commitment shall be cancelled:

(1) on the Termination Date; or

(2) if it becomes unlawful in any jurisdiction for the Buyer to give effect to any of its obligations as contemplated by this Agreement to fund or maintain the funding of any Purchase,

whichever shall first occur.

4. PURCHASES

(A) Making Purchases: The Seller shall, by 10:00 a.m., London time, on the Determination Date immediately prior to each proposed Purchase Date, deliver to the Buyer a Notice of Sale by facsimile (and shall send the original Notice of Sale to the Operating Agent by ordinary post on the day it is delivered by facsimile) substantially in the form of Schedule 6 ("Notice of Sale") identifying (inter alia) the Purchase Date, the then Outstanding Balance of Receivables (if any) and the Purchase Price for such Receivables computed by the Operating Agent. The computation of the Purchase Price by the Operating Agent shall, in the absence of manifest error, be deemed to be conclusive.

(B) Sale: The delivery of the Notice of Sale by facsimile will constitute notification to the Buyer of the Receivables and the Related Security, designated pursuant to Clause 4(D), which the Buyer is to purchase for the Purchase Price as set out in the Notice of Sale. The Buyer shall, subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement (including, for the avoidance of doubt, Clause 3) pay in full the Purchase Price, which payment will effect the transfer to the Buyer of full equitable and beneficial title and ownership in and to those Receivables and the Related Security with respect to those Receivables.

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(C) Purchase Price: The Buyer shall pay in full the Purchase Price on the Purchase Date in the currency and funds specified in Clause 7(B) to the Seller's account specified in Clause 7(C). If, however, pursuant to Clause
12(C), there is any Advance Payment outstanding then the Buyer will remit to the Seller only that portion of the Purchase Price that exceeds the amount of such Advance Payment and, if the amount of the Advance Payment is equal to or greater than the Purchase Price, the Buyer shall not be required to remit any portion of the Purchase Price to the Seller.

(D) Determination of Purchased Receivables: On or prior to each Purchase Date in respect of which a Notice of Sale is to be delivered, the Seller will identify the Group of Receivables to be offered for purchase by the Buyer on such date in such format as the Operating Agent may specify.

(E) Records: On or prior to each Purchase Date in respect of which a Notice of Sale is to be delivered, the Seller will at the Seller's expense deliver to the Operating Agent (or as the Operating Agent may direct) the Accounts Receivable Trial Balance generated on or in relation to such Purchase Date, identifying the Receivables designated pursuant to Clause 4(D).

(F) Perfection: Subject to Clause 13, each of the Seller and the Buyer will take all such steps and comply with all such formalities as may be required to perfect or more fully to evidence or secure title to the Receivables assigned (or purported to be assigned) pursuant to Clause 4.

(G) Delegation of Powers of Operating Agent: The Operating Agent hereby delegates to the Seller all of its obligations under this Clause 4, which delegation the Seller irrevocably accepts. The Seller shall notify the Operating Agent of all calculations made by it under this Clause 4. The Operating Agent may revoke this delegation in writing at any time.

5. COLLECTIONS AND SETTLEMENT

(A) Collection of Receivables: (1) On each day the Collection Agent shall as described in Clause 12(B) set aside and hold in trust for the Buyer all Collections of Purchased Receivables on such day, and (2) the Operating Agent shall issue a Settlement Statement to the Seller within two Programme Business Days after each Settlement Date in relation to the Settlement Period which ended on that Settlement Date.

(B) Settlement Procedures prior to Termination Date: Prior to the Termination Date the procedures described in this Clause 5(B) will be applicable:

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(1) On each Purchase Date the Buyer, unless otherwise instructed by the Operating Agent, will set off, against its obligation to pay the Purchase Price of the Group of Receivables to be purchased by the Buyer on such Purchase Date, the amount (if any) of any Advance Payment withdrawn by the Seller from the Buyer Account pursuant to Clause 12(C) and which has not been refunded as of close of business on the Programme Business Day immediately preceding such Purchase Date.

(2) On each Determination Date the Operating Agent shall calculate:

(a) Capital as at the forthcoming Settlement Date; and

(b) Yield and Programme Costs in respect of the Capital as at the forthcoming Settlement Date.

(3) On each Settlement Date the Operating Agent shall cause to be paid from the Buyer Account (without prejudice to, and subject always to, the provisions of Clause 12(C) regarding Advance Payments):

(a) to the Buyer, Yield and Programme Costs in respect of the Interest Period ending on that Settlement Date;

(b) to the Seller, the Purchase Price (if any) in respect of Purchased Receivables to the extent the Purchase Price is not satisfied by way of set-off pursuant to Clauses 5(B)(1) and 12(C);

(c) to the Seller, the Proportionate Share of all sums received by the Buyer pursuant to Clause 5(B)(3)(c) of the RPA or the PPA, as applicable, by way of deferred purchase price for the Purchased Receivables; and

(d) to the Buyer, all amounts standing to the credit of the Buyer Account after payment of the amounts set forth in (a) and (b) above.

(C) Settlement Procedures after Termination Date: On the Termination Date and each day thereafter, the procedures described in this Clause 5(C) will be applicable for all Purchased Receivables:

(1) On each Programme Business Day, the Operating Agent shall cause to be paid from the Buyer Account to the Buyer all amounts standing to the credit of the Buyer Account.

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(2) If and to the extent that the Buyer receives funds pursuant to Clause 5(C)(2) of the RPA or the PPA, as applicable, the Operating Agent shall cause to be paid from the Buyer Account to the Seller, the Seller's Proportionate Share of such funds, by way of deferred purchase price for all of the Purchased Receivables.

(D) Adjustments and Allowances:

(1) If on any day the Outstanding Balance of any Purchased Receivable is either (a) reduced or adjusted as a result of any defective, rejected, repossessed or returned goods or services or any cash discount (whether commercial, financial or otherwise), rebate or other adjustment made by the Seller or any other Person, or (b) reduced or cancelled as a result of a set off or by agreement in respect of any claim by the Account Debtor thereof against the Seller or any other Person (whether such claim arises out of the same or another transaction) (including without limitation any change in the due date for payment of any Purchased Receivable otherwise than with the prior consent of the Operating Agent), the Seller will be deemed to have received on such day a Collection of such Purchased Receivable in the amount of such reduction, adjustment or cancellation and shall credit such amount to the Buyer Account by way of indemnity.

(2) If on any day any of the representations or warranties in Clause 8 is no longer true with respect to a Purchased Receivable, the Seller will be deemed to have received on such day a Collection of such Purchased Receivable equal to its original Outstanding Balance less any Collections previously received with respect thereto and shall credit to the Buyer Account an amount equal to such deemed Collection by way of indemnity.

(3) If any Purchased Receivable was not an Eligible Receivable at the time of Purchase, on the date such fact becomes known to the Seller, the Seller will be deemed to have received a Collection of such Purchased Receivable equal to its original Outstanding Balance less any Collections previously received with respect thereto and shall credit to the Buyer Account an amount equal to such deemed collection by way of indemnity.

(4) If the Seller is not acting as the Collection Agent, it will promptly pay to the Collection Agent the amount of any deemed Collection pursuant to Clause 5(D)(1), (2) or (3) above by way of indemnity.

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(5) If, following any payment in respect of a deemed Collection of a Purchased Receivable pursuant to Clause 5(D)(1), (2), (3) or (4) above, the Buyer shall receive any further Collections in respect of such Purchased Receivable, the Buyer shall (provided no Early Amortisation Event has occurred) pay to the Seller an amount or amounts equal to such further Collections by way of repayment of indemnity.

(E) Application of Collections: Any payment by an Account Debtor in respect of any indebtedness owed by it to the Seller and any credits, defective, rejected, repossessed or returned goods or other non cash items of an Account Debtor will, except as otherwise specified in writing by such Account Debtor or otherwise required by contract or law and unless otherwise instructed by the Operating Agent, be applied as a Collection of Purchased Receivables of such Account Debtor, in the order of the age of such Purchased Receivables, starting with the oldest such Purchased Receivables, to the extent of any amounts then due and payable thereunder before being applied to or in respect of any other indebtedness of such Account Debtor.

6. FEES, COSTS AND STAMP DUTY

(A) Collection Agent Fees: Until the later of the Termination Date and the Relevant Date, for any period during which the Seller or an Affiliate of the Seller is not the Collection Agent, the Seller will pay the Buyer, upon its demand, a collection fee as determined by the Operating Agent, not exceeding 110% of the fees, costs and expenses, plus value added tax (if applicable), of the substitute Collection Agent incurred in performing such function.

(B) Costs and Expenses: The Seller agrees to pay on demand of the Operating Agent all reasonable costs and expenses incurred by the Operating Agent in connection with the preparation, execution and delivery of this Agreement and the other documents to be delivered pursuant to this Agreement or in connection therewith, such costs and expenses to include, without limitation, the reasonable fees and out-of-pocket expenses of legal advisers (plus VAT thereon) to the Buyer and the Operating Agent with respect thereto and with respect to advising the Buyer and the Operating Agent as to their respective rights and remedies under this Agreement, and all costs and expenses, if any (including legal fees and expenses plus VAT thereon), in connection with the enforcement of this Agreement, the other documents to be delivered pursuant to this Agreement or in connection therewith and the Purchased Receivables. The Buyer and the Operating Agent agree to take reasonable steps, consistent with the protection of their respective interests under this Agreement, to mitigate their costs and expenses in connection with the enforcement of this Agreement, the other documents to be delivered pursuant to this Agreement and the Purchased Receivables.

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(C) Duties and Taxes: In addition, the Seller will pay on demand of the Operating Agent any sales, excise, registration and other taxes, duties and fees payable in connection with the execution, delivery, filing or recording of this Agreement or the purchase, assignment or reassignment of Receivables under or pursuant to this Agreement, or the other documents to be delivered under this Agreement or in any way connected with any transaction contemplated by this Agreement. The Seller agrees to indemnify the Operating Agent and the Buyer on demand of the Operating Agent against any liabilities with respect to or resulting from any delay in paying or omission to pay any such taxes, duties or fees.

(D) Stamp Duty Reserve: As of each Settlement Date, the Buyer shall ensure that an amount equal to the Stamp Duty Reserve is on deposit in the sub-account with Citibank, N.A., London branch, denominated in Sterling and utilised for such purpose under the account number 60918971 (the "Stamp Duty Account"). The Buyer covenants that it shall hold the Stamp Duty Account upon trust for itself and the Operating Agent as beneficiaries absolutely, and that funds standing to the credit of the Stamp Duty Account may only be used to pay applicable stamp duty in the United Kingdom in the circumstances described in Clauses 6(E) and (F) or to adjust the amount standing to the credit of the Stamp Duty Account to reflect the required level of the Stamp Duty Reserve as of each Settlement Date.

(E) Liability for Stamp Duty: The Seller agrees with the Buyer and the Operating Agent that if the Seller (or any Affiliate) causes executed originals or counterparts of any of the Custody Documents to be brought into the United Kingdom, or executed originals or counterparts of any of the Custody Documents are brought into the United Kingdom in any of the circumstances contemplated in Clause 6(F), the Seller will pay and hold itself responsible for and will seek no indemnity from the Buyer or the Operating Agent in respect of Stamp Duty, provided always that the Seller shall not pay or be responsible for any penalty or interest on late presentation arising from any failure on the part of the Buyer or the Operating Agent to present any executed original or counterpart of any Custody Document for stamping within 30 days after it has first been brought into the United Kingdom. Each of the parties to this Agreement agrees that, except to the extent that the Seller is liable to pay Stamp Duty in accordance with the foregoing, the liability to pay Stamp Duty in respect of a Custody Document shall be borne by the party which brings, or causes the bringing of, the executed original or counterpart of the relevant Custody Document into the United Kingdom.

(F) Documents not to be brought into United Kingdom: Each of the Buyer and the Operating Agent undertakes that it shall not at any time cause or permit executed originals or counterparts of any of the Custody Documents to be brought into the United Kingdom, except in accordance with the provisions of this Clause 6(F). Nothing in this Agreement shall in any way inhibit or restrict the right of the Seller to bring any executed original or counterpart of

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any Custody Document into the United Kingdom at any time. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, the Buyer and the Operating Agent shall be entitled at any time to cause or permit an executed original or counterpart of any of the Custody Documents to be brought into the United Kingdom:

(1) if it is required to do so for the purposes of any judicial, arbitration, regulatory or administrative proceedings in the United Kingdom involving marters which are the subject of the relevant Custody Document, or if, in its reasonable opinion, it is necessary to produce the same as evidence in any of such proceedings and either:

(a) the judge, arbitrator or other person responsible for the determination of such proceedings has ruled that an executed original or counterpart of any of the Custody Documents must be brought into the United Kingdom (provided that if an appeal against the ruling is permissible and the Seller so requests, and on the condition that the Seller indemnifies either the Buyer or the Operating Agent, as the case may be, to its respective satisfaction on an after-tax basis for all costs involved in such an appeal, the Buyer or the Operating Agent, as the case may be, will pursue such an appeal pending which neither the Buyer nor the Operating Agent, as the case may be, will cause an executed original or counterpart of any of the Custody Documents to be brought into the United Kingdom); or

(b) the rules governing the conduct of such proceedings provide that a certified unstamped copy of the relevant Custody Document, or any other form of evidence of the matters which are subject of such proceedings cannot be produced as adequate evidence of the purposes of such proceedings; or

(2) if it is required to do so for the purpose of the determination by any tax authority or court or tribunal or its liability to taxation (other than Stamp Duty); or

(3) if as a result of a change in applicable law or the interpretation of such law by any court or tribunal or a change in the published practice of any governmental authority, or in any published extra-statutory concession, an executed original or counterpart of any of the Custody Documents is required to be brought in to the United Kingdom or a liability to Stamp Duty in respect thereof shall otherwise arise; or

(4) if it is at any time required by any law or the published practice of any governmental authority, central bank, regulatory authority, taxation authority or comparable authority; or

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(5) on the occurrence of an Early Amortisation Event,

provided however that on the occurrence of any of the events set out in paragraphs 6(F)(1), (2) or (3) above, any relevant party, as the case may be, shall notify the Seller and the other parties hereto forthwith giving reasonable details of the relevant event, and shall to the extent that such action does not materially prejudice its business or tax affairs or the business or tax affairs of the Operating Agent and/or Eureka and/or the Liquidity Banks, use reasonable endeavours to resist the relevant requirement, failing which and after having used such reasonable endeavours it shall not cause or permit such counterpart or executed original to be brought into the United Kingdom until the expiry of five Local Business Days after such notification to the Seller and the other parties hereto, unless required to do so within such time. The Seller shall provide an indemnity, on an after-tax basis, for reasonable costs or expenses incurred by either the Buyer or the Operating Agent in resisting or determining whether it can resist any of the events set out in paragraphs 6(F)(1), (2) and (3) above.

(G) Default Interest: The Seller shall pay to the Operating Agent or, as the case may be, the Buyer interest (as well after as before judgment) on all amounts not paid or repaid when due under this Agreement at 2% per annum above the Base Rate payable on demand of the Operating Agent.

(H) Computations: All computations of interest and fees shall be made on the basis of a year of 360 days for any currency other than Sterling and 365 days in the case of Sterling for the actual number of days (including the first but excluding the last day) elapsed.

(I) Computation of Time Periods: Unless otherwise stated in this Agreement, in the computation of a period of time from a specified date to a later specified date, the word "from" means "from and including" and the words "to" and "until" each means "to but excluding".

7. PAYMENTS AND COMPUTATIONS, ETC.

(A) Mechanics: All amounts to be paid to or deposited with the Operating Agent for its own account or for the account of the Buyer by the Seller and/or the Collection Agent under this Agreement shall be paid or deposited no later than 12:00 noon (local time in the place of payment) on the day when due in immediately available same day funds to the relevant account specified below.

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(B) Currency: All amounts payable by the Seller under this Agreement to the Operating Agent for its own account or for the account of the Buyer shall be paid in Sterling. The Purchase Price amounts payable by the Buyer under this Agreement shall be paid in Sterling.

(C) Accounts: Any amounts payable under this Agreement shall be remitted to the following accounts:

(1) if to the Seller, the appropriate Seller Non-Transaction Account;

(2) if to the Buyer (otherwise than to the Buyer Account), Account No.
8319774 (Sort Code 18-50-08) with Citibank, 336 Strand, London WC2R 1HB; and

(3) if to the Operating Agent for its own account, Account No. 83267 (Sort Code 18-50-08) with Citibank, 336 Strand, London WC2R 1HB.

(D) Grossing Up: To the fullest extent permitted by law, the Seller will make all payments under this Agreement regardless of any defence or counterclaim. Further, if the Seller, in its individual capacity or as Collection Agent, is compelled by law to make any deductions or withholdings from any payments pursuant to this Agreement, including, without limitation, payments in respect of Receivables or Collections, the Seller will pay such additional amounts as may be necessary in order that the net amount received by the Operating Agent or the Buyer after such deductions or withholdings
(including any required deduction or withholding on such additional amounts)
will equal the amount that the Operating Agent or the Buyer (as appropriate) would have received had no such deductions or withholdings been made. The Seller will provide the Operating Agent with evidence satisfactory to the Operating Agent that it has paid such deductions or withholdings.

(E) Appropriation of Payments: Regardless of any appropriation by the Seller or the Collection Agent, the Operating Agent shall determine the appropriation of any payment to it for the account of the Buyer to any amount to be paid to or deposited with it for the account of the Buyer by the Seller and/or the Collection Agent under this Agreement.

8. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE SELLER

Each Seller represents and warrants, as of the Effective Date, as follows:

(A) Incorporation: Each Seller and Exide Europe is a company duly incorporated and validly existing under the laws of its jurisdiction of incorporation or organisation.

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(B) Seller Power and Authority: Each Seller has full power and authority to effect, and has taken all necessary action to authorise, the execution, delivery and performance by it of this Agreement and all other instruments and documents to be delivered under this Agreement, and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

(C) Exide Europe Power and Authority: Exide Europe has full power and authority to effect, and has taken all necessary action to authorise, the execution, delivery and performance by it of the Letter of Undertaking and all other instruments or documents to be delivered under the Letter of Undertaking, and the transactions contemplated by the Letter of Undertaking.

(D) Non-Violation: The execution, delivery and performance by each Seller of this Agreement and all other instruments and documents to be delivered pursuant to this Agreement and all transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and the execution, delivery and performance by Exide Europe of the Letter of Undertaking and all transactions contemplated thereby:

(1) do not contravene (a) any Seller's or Exide Europe's memorandum or articles of association (or analogous constitutive documents), (b) any law, rule or regulation applicable to any Seller or Exide Europe, (c) any material contractual restriction contained in any agreement or instrument binding on or affecting any party comprising the Seller or its assets or Exide Europe or Exide Europe's assets, or (d) any order, writ, judgment, award, injunction or decree binding on or affecting the Seller, or any of the Seller's assets or Exide Europe or Exide Europe's assets;

(2) do not result in or require the creation of any lien, security interest or other charge or encumbrance upon or with respect to any of the Seller's or Exide Europe's assets or undertaking; and

(3) will not constitute a breach of, nor give rise to any actual or potential event of default under, any Debt of any member of the Exide Group, or under any document relating to such Debt.

(E) Consents: No consent, authorisation, approval, notice or filing is required (or, if required, which has not been obtained on a timely basis) for the due execution, delivery or performance by each Seller of this Agreement or any other document to be delivered in connection with this Agreement or for the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or for the due execution, delivery or performance by Exide

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Europe of the Letter of Undertaking or any other document to be delivered in connection with the Letter of Undertaking or for the transactions contemplated by the Letter of Undertaking.

(F) Obligations Binding: (1) This Agreement constitutes the legal, valid, binding and enforceable obligation of each Seller; and (2) the Letter of Undertaking constitutes the legal, valid, binding and enforceable obligation of Exide Europe.

(G) Accounts: The most recent audited annual accounts of each Seller and Exide Europe, copies of which have been furnished to the Operating Agent, present a true and fair view of the financial condition of the Seller and its consolidated Subsidiaries (if any) or Exide Europe, as applicable, as at that date and the results of the operations of the Seller and those subsidiaries, or Exide Europe, as applicable, for the period ended on that date, all in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles consistently applied.

(H) No Material Adverse Change to Seller: Since (i) 31 March 1996 in the case of BIG, CMP and Exide Dagenham, and (ii) 31 December 1994 in the case of Fulmen, being the date of the Seller's most recent audited annual accounts, there has been no change in the business or financial condition of the Seller which may materially adversely affect the ability of the Seller to perform its obligations under this Agreement.

(I) No Material Adverse Change to Exide Group: Since 31 March 1996, being the date of the Exide Group's most recent audited consolidated annual accounts, there has been no change in the business or financial condition of the Group which is reasonably likely to materially adversely affect the ability of Exide Europe to perform its obligations under the Letter of Undertaking.

(J) No Litigation: There are no actions, suits or proceedings current or pending, or to the knowledge of the Seller threatened, against or affecting any Seller or their Subsidiaries (if any) or any of their respective assets, or Exide Europe or Exide Europe's assets, in any court, or before any arbitrator of any kind, or before or by any governmental body, which may materially adversely affect the financial condition of any Seller and their Subsidiaries taken as a whole or Exide Europe, or materially adversely affect the ability of the Seller to perform its obligations under this Agreement or the ability of Exide Europe to perform its obligations under the Letter of Undertaking.

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(K) No Default: No Seller nor any of their Affiliates, nor Exide Europe, are in default with respect to any order of any court, arbitrator or governmental body, excluding defaults with respect to orders of governmental agencies which are not material to the business or operations of any Seller or any of their Affiliates, or Exide Europe, and would not materially adversely affect the ability of the Seller to perform its obligations under this Agreement or the ability of Exide Europe to perform its obligations under the Letter of Undertaking.

(L) No Adverse Claim: Each Receivable will, together with the Contract related thereto, at all times be owned by the Seller free and clear of any Adverse Claim except as provided in this Agreement (for the purpose of this representation and warranty in respect of BIG, the Seller is relying upon the consent letter referred to in paragraph (n) of Schedule 5), and upon each Purchase the Buyer will acquire full equitable and beneficial title and ownership to and of each Purchased Receivable, the Collections and the Related Security then existing or thereafter arising free and clear of any Adverse Claim except as provided in this Agreement.

(M) Performance of Contracts: All goods and services to which each Purchased Receivable relates have been delivered and performed, and all requirements of such Contract concerning the nature, amount, quality, condition or delivery of the goods or services, or upon which payment of the Purchased Receivable may be dependent, have been fulfilled in all material respects.

(N) Information: None of the information and reports (including but not limited to each portfolio profile and each Summary Report) furnished or to be furnished (whether by way of computerised data or otherwise) by the Seller (in its individual capacity or as Collection Agent) or Exide Europe, to the Operating Agent or Exide Europe, as applicable, is inaccurate in any material respect (except as otherwise disclosed to the Operating Agent at the time of delivery) as of the date so furnished, or contains any material misstatement of fact or omits to state a material fact or any fact necessary to make the statements contained therein not materially misleading.

(O) Place of Business: The principal place of business and registered office of the Seller is as set forth in Schedule 1 or at such other location(s) approved by the Operating Agent (such approval not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed).

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(P) Location of Books: The offices where the Seller keeps all its books, records and documents evidencing Receivables or the related Contracts are at the locations set forth in Schedule 1 or at such other location(s) approved by the Operating Agent (such approval not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed).

(Q) Location of Bank Accounts: The bank accounts to which the Seller has directed the Account Debtors to remit payments for the Receivables are the Collection Accounts (or such other account(s) at such location(s) as may have been previously approved by the Operating Agent and in relation to each of which a Trust Account Bank Mandate has been (or will be as of the Effective Date) duly executed by the Seller (in its individual capacity and/or as Collection Agent) and delivered to the Operating Agent) and in respect of which the relevant hank has acknowledged the Trust Commencement (as that term is defined in the Trust Account Bank Mandate) and has agreed, in relation to the Buyer Entitlement, not to exercise any right of set-off, net-off, combination or consolidation of accounts or counterclaim whatsoever.

(R) No Winding-Up: No step has been taken or is intended by any Seller or, so far as it is aware, by any other Person for any Seller's winding-up, liquidation, dissolution, administration, merger or consolidation or for the appointment of a receiver or administrator of the Seller or all or any of its assets.

(S) No Breach: There has been no breach by any Seller of any of its obligations under the Relevant Documents or by Exide Europe of any of its obligations under the Letter of Undertaking.

(T) Eligibility: Each Receivable the subject of a Notice of Sale is an Eligible Receivable as at the time of Purchase.

Each Seller further represents and warrants that the representations and warranties in this Clause 8 shall be true and correct on and as of each Purchase Date as though made on each such date and by reference to the then- existing circumstances.

9. AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS OF THE SELLER

Until the later of the Termination Date and the Relevant Date, the Seller will, unless the Operating Agent otherwise consents:

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(A) Compliance with Law: Comply in all material respects with all applicable laws, rules, regulations and orders binding on it, its business and assets and all Receivables and related Contracts, except where non-compliance would not have, and would not be reasonably likely to have, a material adverse effect on its ability to perform its obligations hereunder.

(B) Maintain Existence: Preserve and maintain its corporate existence.

(C) Access: Upon reasonable prior notice, permit the Operating Agent, or its agents or representatives, to visit the offices of the Seller during normal office hours and examine and make and take away copies of all books, records and documents relating to the Receivables and to discuss matters relating to the Receivables or the Seller's performance hereunder with any of the officers or employees of the Seller having knowledge of such matters and co-operate in the reconstruction of the Accounts Receivable Trial Balance pursuant to Clause 13(C).

(D) Maintain Records: Maintain and implement administrative and operating procedures (including, without limitation, an ability to recreate records in the event of their destruction), and keep and maintain, all documents, books, records and other information reasonably necessary or advisable for the collection of all Receivables (including, without limitation, records adequate to permit the identification on each Purchase Date of each new Purchased Receivable and the daily identification of all Collections of and adjustments to each existing Purchased Receivable).

(E) Perform Contracts: Timely and fully perform and comply with all material provisions, covenants and other promises required to be observed by it under the Contracts relating to the Purchased Receivables.

(F) Priority: Ensure that at all times the claims against it under this Agreement rank at least pari passu with the claims of all its other unsecured creditors save those whose claims are preferred by any bankruptcy, insolvency or other similar laws of general application.

(G) Credit and Collection Policy: Comply in all material respects with its Credit and Collection Policy with respect to each Receivable purchased or to be offered for purchase pursuant to this Agreement and the related Contract.

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(H) Value Added Tax: Make all relevant value added tax or other applicable tax payments in respect of supplies of goods or services pursuant to a Contract or which otherwise relate to Purchased Receivables, and pay all value added tax (if any) payable in respect of any value added tax supply made, or input value added tax suffered, by the Buyer, the Operating Agent or any of the Operating Agent's Affiliates with respect to supplies of goods or services by the Seller pursuant to a Contract or which otherwise relates to Purchased Receivables.

(I) Collections: If the Seller is not acting as Collection Agent, (1) give all reasonable assistance (including the provision of information) to any third party replacing the Seller as Collection Agent in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, and (2) remit any Collections on Purchased Receivables to the Collection Agent within one Local Business Day after the receipt or deemed receipt thereof.

(J) Bank Accounts: Pay or cause to be paid all Collections of Receivables directly into the bank account or accounts referred to in Clause 8(Q) or such other account(s) approved by the Operating Agent.

(K) Audit Costs: The Seller shall pay the reasonable fees and expenses for one audit by the Operating Agent in each financial year of the Seller, plus the costs of one additional audit to be conducted within 4 months after the execution of this Agreement. Except for such additional audit, any further additional audit(s) that may be required by the Operating Agent during any such financial year shall be for the Operating Agent's own account.

(L) Provision of Information to Exide Europe: The Seller shall promptly provide Exide Europe with computerised information regarding the Purchased Receivables on the dates shown, and containing the information set forth in Schedule 8, and all such different or other information as the Operating Agent may reasonably determine from time to time to properly allow Exide Europe and/or the Operating Agent to identify all required information in respect of Account Debtors and Receivables.

10. NEGATIVE COVENANTS OF THE SELLER

Until the later of the Termination Date and the Relevant Date, no Seller will, without the consent of the Operating Agent:

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(A) No Disposal of Receivables: Except as otherwise provided herein, sell, assign (by operation of law or otherwise) or otherwise dispose of, or create or suffer to exist any Adverse Claim upon or with respect to, any Receivable purchased or to be-offered for purchase under this Agreement or the related Contract, or assign any right to receive income in respect thereof.

(B) No Transfer of Business: No Seller shall transfer all or substantially all of its assets and undertaking to any person without the prior written consent of the Operating Agent, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, unless such transfer would have no adverse effect on the ability of the Seller to collect and sell Receivables as contemplated by this Agreement.

(C) No Security Interest over Receivables: (a) The Seller shall not create or permit to subsist any Security Interest on any of its Receivables, and (b) If the Seller creates or permits to subsist any Security Interest on any of its Receivables contrary to (a) above, all the obligations of the Seller under this Agreement shall automatically and immediately be secured upon the same assets, ranking at least pari passu with the other obligations secured on those assets.

(D) No Amendment to Receivables: Extend, amend or otherwise modify the terms of any Purchased Receivable, or amend, modify or waive any term or condition of any Contract related thereto, or commence or settle any legal action to enforce collection of any Purchased Receivable.

(E) No Change to Credit and Collection Policy: Make any change in the character of its business or in the Credit and Collection Policy, which change would or might, in either case, materially impair the collectability of any Receivable purchased or to be offered for purchase under this Agreement or the enforcement of any related Contract against the Account Debtor or the operation of this Agreement without the prior written consent of the Operating Agent.

(F) Cross Indemnity: The Seller shall not amend or otherwise change the Deed of Cross-Indemnity dated as of the date hereof between Exide Europe and the Programme Sellers, except in respect of amendments or changes of a purely technical or immaterial nature which do not affect either: (i) the title of the Buyer to the Receivables assigned (or purported to be assigned) pursuant to Clause 4 or (ii) the effectiveness of the assignment (or purported assignment) pursuant to Clause 4.

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11. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS OF THE SELLER

Until the later of the Termination Date and the Relevant Date, the Seller will, unless the Operating Agent otherwise consents, furnish to the Operating Agent:

(A) Annual Accounts of Seller: As soon as available and in any event within 180 days after the end of each of the Seller's financial years, a copy of the Seller's annual accounts and (if they are prepared) consolidated accounts in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, applied on a basis consistent with that of the preceding financial year.

(B) Annual Accounts of Exide Europe: As soon as available and in any event within 180 days after the end of each of Exide Europe's financial years, a copy of Exide Europe's annual accounts, prepared (as appropriate) on a consolidated basis in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, applied on a basis consistent with that of the preceding financial year, together with the report of an internationally recognised firm of independent auditors.

(C) Other Financial Information: Upon request of the Operating Agent, such financial information, accounts and records with respect to such Seller or Exide Europe which are relevant to the Programme, as the Operating Agent may from time to time reasonably request.

(D) Defaults and other Events: Forthwith on becoming aware of any of the events described in (1), (2), (3) or (4) below or any event which, with the giving of notice on lapse of time or both, would constitute one of such events, the statement of the chief financial officer or chief accounting officer of the Seller setting out details of that event and the action which the Seller proposes to take with respect to that event:

(1) the Seller fails to pay any principal of or premium or interest on any Debt in excess (in the aggregate) of the Sterling Equivalent of $5,000,000, when the same becomes due and payable (whether by scheduled maturity, required prepayment, acceleration, demand or otherwise) and such failure shall continue after the applicable grace period, if any, specified in the agreement on instrument relating to such Debt, or any other default under any agreement or instrument relating to any Debt, or any other event, shall occur and shall continue after the applicable grace period, if any, specified in such agreement or instrument, if the effect of such default or event is to accelerate or to permit the acceleration of the maturity of such Debt, or any such Debt shall

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be declared to be due and payable or required to be prepaid (other than by a regularly scheduled required prepayment) prior to the stated maturity thereof, or any present or future mortgage, charge or other security interest on or over any assets of the Seller becomes enforceable;

(2) a resolution is passed or a petition is presented or an order made for the winding up, liquidation, dissolution, merger or consolidation of the Seller (except for the purposes of a bona fide reconstruction or amalgamation with the consent of the Operating Agent), or a petition is presented or an order made for the appointment of an administrator in relation to the Seller on a receiver, administrative receiver or manager is appointed over any part of the assets or undertaking of the Seller or any event analogous, to any of the foregoing occurs (except, in the case where a petition is presented (i) the proceeding is frivolous or vexatious and (ii) the Originator is solvent and is contesting the proceeding in good faith);

(3) a Collection Account Event occurs; or

(4) an Early Amortisation Event occurs.

(E) Debt Service Cover Ratio: Within 45 days after the end of every Accounting Quarter (as that term is defined under the Syndicated Facility), a report showing the current Debt Service Cover Ratio of Exide Europe.

(F) Summary Report: Promptly, from time to time, such other information, documents, records or reports respecting the Receivables or the condition or operations, financial or otherwise, of the Seller or any of its Affiliates, as the Operating Agent may from time to time reasonably request in order to protect the interests of the Buyer or the Operating Agent, including, prior to 10:00 am, London time, on each Summary Report Date, a Summary Report (with, among other things, the information necessary to determine the Default Ratio).

(G) Account Debtors: Within two calendar weeks after the end of each calendar quarter (or such more frequent time as the Operating Agent may request in writing), the Seller shall deliver to the Operating Agent a current list of all Account Debtors in respect of Purchased Receivables and the addresses of such Account Debtors.

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The obligations of the Seller to deliver reports or similar information to the Buyer pursuant to this Agreement may be delegated by the Seller to Exide Europe, and the performance by Exide Europe of such obligations hereunder shall be deemed to be the performance by the Seller of such obligations; provided however, that the Seller shall remain liable for any non- performance of such obligations.

12. COLLECTION AGENT, COLLECTIONS AND BUYER ACCOUNT

(A) Designation of Collection Agent: The servicing, administering and collection of the Receivables shall be conducted by such Person (the "Collection Agent") so designated from time to time pursuant to this Clause 12(A). Until the Operating Agent gives notice to the Seller of a designation of a new Collection Agent, each applicable Seller in respect of such Seller's Receivables, is designated as, and agrees to perform the duties and obligations of, the Collection Agent pursuant to the terms of this Agreement. The Operating Agent may at any time after the occurrence of an Early Amortisation Event or a Collection Account Event designate as Collection Agent any Person (including itself) to succeed the Seller or any successor Collection Agent, on the condition in each case that any such Person agrees to perform the duties and obligations of the Collection Agent pursuant to the terms of this Agreement. The Collection Agent may, with the prior consent of the Operating Agent, subcontract with any other Person for servicing, administering or collecting the Receivables; provided, however, that the Collection Agent will remain liable for the performance of the duties and obligations of the Collection Agent under this Agreement.

(B) Duties of Collection Agent: The Collection Agent:

(1) will take or cause to be taken all such actions as may be necessary or advisable to collect each Purchased Receivable, all in accordance with applicable laws, rules and regulations, with reasonable care and diligence, and in accordance with the Credit and Collection Policy and the instructions of the Operating Agent. Each of the Seller and the Buyer hereby appoints the Collection Agent as its agent to enforce its respective rights and interests in and under the Purchased Receivables, the Related Security and the Contracts;

(2) will deposit in the Collection Account for the account of the Buyer all Collections of Purchased Receivables in accordance with this Agreement and may, unless and until instructed otherwise by the Operating Agent following the occurrence of an Early Amortisation Event or a Collection Account Event, deposit in the Collection Account monies other than Collections. Following the occurrence of a Collection Account Event, or an Early Amortisation Event, the Collection Agent shall segregate all cash,

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cheques and other instruments received by it from time to time constituting Collections of Purchased Receivables as the Operating Agent may direct and deposit in a bank account designated by the Operating Agent all such cash, cheques and other instruments (together with the Buyer's Entitlement to the Collection Account) as soon as practicable and in any event on the first Local Business Day following receipt by the Collection Agent of such Collections and will give such payment instructions and take such other steps (whether or not contemplated by the Trust Account Bank Mandate) as the Operating Agent may require;

(3) confirms that, in accordance with Trust Account Bank Mandate, the Collection Account Bank has been instructed to make available to the Collection Agent information showing amounts received on each Local Business Day and standing to the credit of the Collection Account as at the close of business on that day;

(4) upon receipt of the information referred to in (3) above the Collection Agent shall, on behalf of the Buyer and the Seller, make all such determinations and calculations as are necessary in order to determine, in respect of amounts standing to the credit of the Collection Account on each Local Business Day, the Buyer Entitlement and the Seller Entitlement respectively, and shall direct the Collection Account Bank, prior to 12:00 noon on each Local Business Day, to transfer to the Buyer Account the Buyer Entitlement;

(5) other than the transfers referred to in paragraph (4) above the Collection Agent shall not, without the prior written consent of the Operating Agent, withdraw funds from the Collection Account or direct the Collection Account Bank to make any transfers from the Collection Account, except for withdrawals on transfers of cleared funds standing to the credit of the Collection Account which represent the Seller Entitlement and provided that any such withdrawal or transfer would not cause the Collection Account to become overdrawn;

(6) may not extend, amend, modify or waive the terms of any Purchased Receivable or amend, modify or waive any term or condition of any Contract related thereto where such extension, amendment, modification or waiver would prejudicially affect such Purchased Receivable, unless the Operating Agent shall have otherwise consented in writing. The Seller shall deliver to the Collection Agent (if other than the Seller) all documents, instruments and records which evidence or relate to the Purchased Receivables which the Operating Agent may reasonably request;

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(7) if other than the Seller, will provide to the Seller all such information as the Seller may require for purposes of the Summary Report and will as soon as practicable following receipt pay to or to the order of the Seller the Collections--of any Receivable which is not a Purchased Receivable;

(8) if other than the Seller, will as soon as practicable upon demand make available or (if so demanded) deliver to the Seller all documents, instruments and records in its possession which evidence or relate to Receivables of the Seller other than Purchased Receivables, and copies of documents, instruments and records in its possession which evidence or relate to Purchased Receivables which the Operating Agent may reasonably request; and

(9) if the Operating Agent or its designee, and notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, shall have no obligation to collect, enforce or take any other action described in this Agreement with respect to any Receivable that is not a Purchased Receivable other than to turn over, make available or deliver to the Seller the Collections and documents with respect to any such Receivable as described in (4) and (5) above.

(C) Advance Payments: The Seller may, from time to time on any Local Business Day prior to the Termination Date unless and until the Operating Agent directs otherwise in the event that there is an Early Amortisation Event or a Collection Account Event, withdraw, by way of advance payment on account of such Purchase Price as will or may be payable to the Seller on the next following Purchase Date, any amount or amounts standing to the credit of the Buyer Account. Any amount so withdrawn (an "Advance Payment") shall be set off pro tanto in accordance with Clause 4(C) against the Buyer's obligation to pay any Purchase Price payable on the next following Purchase Date and, to the extent the amount of the Advance Payment exceeds the amount of the Purchase Price, be refunded by the Seller in full by the transfer of cleared funds to the Buyer Account not later than 12:00 noon on the next following Settlement Date; provided always that any Advance Payment shall be refunded by the Seller by the transfer of cleared funds to the Buyer Account immediately upon the demand of the Operating Agent in the event that there is an Early Amortisation Event or a Collection Account Event. The Seller shall not be obliged to pay interest on any Advance Payment unless and to the extent that it is not refunded as required under this Clause. Any overdue amounts shall bear default interest in accordance with Clause 6(G).

(D) Failure to Report: If there is a failure at any time by the Collection Agent to report and quantify the amount of Collections received or the amounts of any Advance Payments and/or the funds standing to the credit of the Buyer Account in respect of any Settlement Period such

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that the amounts due by the Seller and the Buyer pursuant to Clauses 4(B) and (C) cannot be accurately determined (in the Operating Agent's reasonable opinion), there will fall due from the Seller to the Buyer on the Settlement Date at the end of such Settlement Period (on account of repayment of Advance Payments) an amount equal to the anticipated Collections in respect of such Settlement Period as determined by the Operating Agent, acting reasonably. For the purposes of this Clause 12(D), it shall be considered reasonable for the Operating Agent to anticipate that all Collections due during such Settlement Period were received by the Collection Agent during such Settlement Period. The Buyer shall deposit such amount into the Temporary Adjustment Account. Upon the Operating Agent becoming satisfied that a proper assessment of the amounts due by way of repayment of Advance Payments has been made, there shall be an adjustment in accordance with such assessment, by way of repayment from the Buyer or (provided no Early Amortisation Event has occurred) by way of further payment by the Seller, as required, and such adjusted sum shall be treated for all purposes under this Agreement as the Collections received during such Settlement Period. Provided that such failure by the Collection Agent does not last longer than two consecutive Settlement Periods and the provisions of this Clause 12(D) are complied with, such failure shall not by itself constitute an Early Amortisation Event.

13. PROTECTION OF THE BUYER'S RIGHTS

(A) Notice of Sale: At any time after the occurrence of an Early Amortisation Event, the Operating Agent may (and the Seller following the Operating Agent's request shall) notify the Account Debtors, or any of them, of Purchased Receivables of the Buyer's ownership of the Purchased Receivables and the Collections of the Purchased Receivables and direct (or cause the Seller to direct) all the Account Debtors of Purchased Receivables, or any of them, that payment of all amounts payable under any such Purchased Receivable be made directly to the Operating Agent or its designee.

(B) Legal Assignment: The Seller shall, if requested by the Operating Agent after the occurrence of an Early Amortisation Event, forthwith execute a legal assignment to the Buyer or the Operating Agent or as the Operating Agent may direct (as determined by the Operating Agent) in such form as the Operating Agent requires of all or any of the Purchased Receivables and the Related Security and the full benefit thereof and will, if so required, give notice thereof to the relevant Account Debtor.

(C) Reconstruction of Accounts Receivable Trial Balance: If at any time the Seller does not (i) generate an Accounts Receivable Trial Balance in relation to any Purchase Date (whether or not it is obliged to do so) or
(ii) provide the information to Exide Europe enumerated in Clause 9(L), the Operating Agent will have the right to reconstruct that Accounts Receivable

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Trial Balance or such information so that a determination of the Purchased Receivables can be made, and such reconstruction will be conclusive (in the absence of manifest error) for the purposes of determining Purchased Receivables.

(D) Operating Agent's Right to Perform: If the Originator fails to perform any of its agreements or obligations under this Agreement, the Operating Agent may (but shall not be required to) itself perform, or cause performance of, such agreement or obligation.

(E) Power of Attorney: Without prejudice to the provisions of Clauses 13(A) to (D), each Originator irrevocably constitutes and appoints the Operating Agent, with full power of substitution, as its true and lawful attorney and agent, with full power and authority in its name or otherwise, and in its place and stead, and for its use and benefit at any time after the occurrence of an Early Amortisation Event to take such action as the Operating Agent may deem necessary or desirable in order to protect the interests of the Buyer, Eureka and/or the Liquidity Banks and/or the Operating Agent and/or to perfect title to any of the Purchased Receivables, or Related Security, including the redirection of mail and the endorsement of drafts, cheques and other payment media, to perform any agreement or obligation of the Originator under or in connection with this Agreement and/or under the Trust Account Bank Mandate(s), and to exercise all other remedies of the Originator under this Agreement or existing at law. In furtherance of the power herein granted, the Originator will assist and co- operate with the Operating Agent and provide such facilities as the Operating Agent may request. The power of attorney hereby granted is given by way of security, is coupled with an interest, and is irrevocable and will extend to and be binding upon the successors and assigns of the Originator.

14. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SELLER

Anything herein to the contrary notwithstanding:

(A) Perform Contracts: The Seller will perform all its obligations under the Contracts related to the Purchased Receivables to the same extent as if such Purchased Receivables had not been sold pursuant to this Agreement and the exercise by either the Operating Agent or the Buyer of its rights hereunder will not relieve the Seller from such obligations.

(B) Exoneration of Buyer and Operating Agent: None of the Buyer, Eureka nor the Operating Agent will have any obligation or liability with respect to any Purchased Receivables or related Contracts, nor will the Buyer, Eureka or the Operating Agent be obliged to perform any of the obligations of the Seller thereunder.

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(C) Trust: Until the Operating Agent requests otherwise, the Seller will hold in trust for the sole benefit of the Buyer the Contracts and other documentary items relating to the uncollected Purchased Receivables at its address specified in this Agreement. To the extent that the Contracts or other documentary items also relate to Receivables that are not Purchased Receivables, the Seller will hold them in trust for both the Buyer and the Seller to the extent of the respective rights of the Buyer and the Seller therein unless possession thereof is required by the Buyer to enforce its ownership rights. The Seller will deliver such Purchased Receivables, Contracts and documents to the Operating Agent (or as it may direct), if so directed by the Operating Agent following an Early Amortisation Event, and the Operating Agent will make them available to the Seller to the extent that they contain material or information that does not relate to Purchased Receivables and to the extent that the Buyer's interests are not thereby compromised.

(D) Marking: The Seller will mark clearly and unambiguously its ordinary business records, including without limitation its master data processing records, relating to the Purchased Receivables with a legend acceptable to the Operating Agent indicating that such Purchased Receivables are owned by the Buyer. The Seller agrees that from time to time it will promptly execute and deliver all instruments and documents, and take all further action that the Operating Agent may reasonably request in order to perfect (except in so far as perfection may entail notifying the Account Debtors of the Buyer's ownership of the Purchased Receivables and the Collections of the Purchased Receivables, which shall only be undertaken in accordance with Clause 13(A) after an Early Amortisation Event), protect or more fully evidence the Buyer's ownership interest in the Purchased Receivables, the Collections and the Related Security and pending such time will keep an up to date record of all Purchased Receivables.

(E) Third Party Collection Agent: At any time following the designation of a Collection Agent other than the Seller:

(1) The Seller will, at the Operating Agent's request, (a) assemble all the documents, instruments and other records (including, without limitation, computer tapes and disks) which evidence the Purchased Receivables, and the related Contracts and Related Security, or which are otherwise necessary or desirable to collect such Purchased Receivables, and will make the same available to the Operating Agent at a place selected by the Operating Agent or its designee or (if so requested) deliver the same to the Operating Agent (or as it may direct), and (b) segregate all cash, cheques and other instruments received by it from time to time constituting Collections of

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Purchased Receivables in a manner acceptable to the Operating Agent and will, promptly upon receipt, remit all such cash, cheques and instruments, duly endorsed or with duly executed instruments of transfer, to the Operating Agent or its designee.

(2) The Seller authorises the Operating Agent to take any and all steps in the Seller's name and on behalf of the Seller necessary or desirable, in the determination of the Operating Agent, to collect all amounts due under any and all Purchased Receivables, including, without limitation, endorsing the Seller's name on cheques and other instruments representing Collections and enforcing such Purchased Receivables and the related Contracts.

(F) Value Added Tax: For the purpose of ensuring recoupment of any value added tax forming part of a Purchased Receivable:

(1) all or part of which remains unpaid after the statutory period for purposes of claiming bad debt relief has elapsed; or

(2) (without prejudice to Clause 5(D)) which or the Outstanding Balance of which is, or would be, reduced, adjusted or cancelled by the Seller and/or any other Person whether as a result of the matters in Clause 5(D) or for any other reason;

the Seller will use its reasonable endeavours to recover such value added tax (or the appropriate part thereof) from the appropriate tax authorities, as agent and trustee of the Buyer, and promptly remit it to the Buyer and, until so remitted, will hold in trust for the Buyer any dividend received or value added tax recovered by the Seller in respect thereof (and any such dividend or recovery will be and be treated as a Collection). The Seller will make such accounting write- offs and transfers and raise such credit notes as may be necessary or desirable for this purpose, and take all such other steps as may be reasonably requested by the Operating Agent. In particular, the Seller will, at the request of the Operating Agent, accept a re-assignment of any such Purchased Receivable (for a nil consideration) solely for the purpose of facilitating recoupment of such value added tax.

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15. AGENCY AND INDEMNITIES

(A) Agency: In acting under this Agreement the Operating Agent shall have only such duties, obligations and responsibilities as are expressly set out in this Agreement (and such other duties, obligations and responsibilities as are reasonably incidental) and acts solely as agent of Eureka. However, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, only the Operating Agent shall be entitled to receive and retain fees and other amounts (including indemnification under this Clause 15) payable to the Operating Agent for its own account.

(B) Indemnities by Seller: The Seller agrees to indemnify the Buyer, the Operating Agent and their respective Affiliates and the Collection Agent from and against any and all damages, losses, claims, liabilities and related reasonable costs and expenses, including attorneys' fees and disbursements together with VAT thereon (all of the foregoing being collectively referred to as "Indemnified Amounts") awarded against or incurred by any of them arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the ownership of Purchased Receivables, excluding, however, (a) such amounts resulting from gross negligence or wilful misconduct on the part of the Person who would otherwise be entitled to claim such indemnification or (b) recourse (except as otherwise specifically provided in this Agreement) for uncollectible Purchased Receivables or for losses arising out of late Collections. Without limiting the foregoing, Indemnified Amounts include amounts relating to or resulting from:

(1) reliance on any representation or warranty made or deemed made by the Seller under or in connection with this Agreement, or any other information or report delivered by the Seller or the Collection Agent pursuant to this Agreement, which shall have been false or incorrect in any material respect when made or deemed made or delivered (to the extent that such amounts have not already been recovered by the applicable indemnified party pursuant to Clause 5(D));

(2) the failure by the Seller to comply with any term, provision or covenant contained in this Agreement or with any applicable law, rule or regulation with respect to any Receivable, the related Contract or the Related Security, or the nonconformity of any Receivable or the related Contract or the Related Security with any such applicable law, rule or regulation;

(3) the failure to vest and maintain vested in the Buyer ownership of each Purchased Receivable, free and clear of any Adverse Claim whether existing at the time of the Purchase of such Receivable or at any time thereafter, excluding any such Adverse Claim created by the Buyer;

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(4) any dispute, claim, offset or defence (other than discharge in bankruptcy or winding up by reason of insolvency or analogous event of the Account Debtor) of the Account Debtor to the payment of any Receivable which is, or is purported to be, a Purchased Receivable (including, without limitation, a defence based on such Receivable or the related Contract not being a legal, valid, binding and enforceable obligation of such Account Debtor), or any other claim resulting from the sale of the goods or services related to such Receivable or the furnishing or failure to furnish such goods or services;

(5) any failure of the Seller, as Collection Agent or otherwise, to perform its duties or obligations in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement;

(6) the Buyer, at the request or with the approval of the Seller, contracting for or arranging foreign exchange transactions and/or funding in connection with any anticipated Purchase and such Purchase does not in fact take place as a result of the Seller not delivering a Notice of Sale, the operation of Clause 3(B) or any other provision of this Agreement, or a sale of Receivables not being effected in relation to a Notice of Sale by reason of any event described in Clause 11(D)(l), (2), (3) and (4) or any breach by the Seller (in whatever capacity) of any of its obligations under or in connection with this Agreement;

(7) any products liability claim, or personal injury or property damage claim, or other similar or related claim or action of whatever sort arising out of or in connection with goods, merchandise or services which are the subject of any Receivable or Contract; and

(8) the transfer of an ownership interest in any Receivable other than an Eligible Receivable (to the extent that such amounts have not already been recovered by the applicable indemnified party pursuant to Clause 5(D)).

The Operating Agent will provide the Seller with a certificate or certificates showing in reasonable detail the basis for the calculation of Indemnified Amounts claimed under this Clause 15(B) provided, for the avoidance of doubt, that the provision of such certificate or certificates shall not be a condition for the making of any claim under this Clause 15(B).

(C) Increased Costs: If the Operating Agent determines that compliance with any law or regulation or any guideline or request from any central bank or other governmental authority (whether or not having the force of law) coming into force after the Effective Date affects or would affect the amount of capital required or expected to be maintained by the Buyer, the

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Operating Agent, Citibank or any Person controlling the Buyer, the Operating Agent or Citibank, and the Operating Agent determines that the amount of such capital is increased by or based upon the existence of the Buyer's agreement, in its discretion, to make or maintain purchases under or pursuant to this Agreement and other similar agreements or facilities (or any agreement entered into in accordance with Clause 19(C)), or if the Operating Agent reasonably determines that any amount is to be paid for liquidity agreements by the Buyer on account of capital required or expected to be maintained by the provider thereof, then, upon written demand by the Operating Agent, the Seller shall immediately pay to the Operating Agent for the account of the Buyer or Citibank or, as the case may be, for its own account from to time, additional amounts as specified by the Operating Agent, sufficient to compensate, in light of such circumstances, to the extent that the Operating Agent reasonably determines such increase in capital or, as the case may be, such amount to be allocable to the existence of the Buyer's agreement as referred to above. A certificate as to such amount submitted to the Seller by the Operating Agent shall, in the absence of manifest error, be conclusive and binding for all purposes.

(D) Increased Costs in Respect of Taxation: If the Operating Agent determines that as a result of any change in or in the interpretation of or of the introduction of any law, regulation or regulatory requirement relating to taxation coming into force after the Effective Date, or as a result of any act or omission of the Seller, any of the Buyer, the Operating Agent, Citibank or any Person controlling the Buyer, Citibank or the Operating Agent, incurs or will incur an increased cost in respect of purchase or agreements to purchase made under or pursuant to this Agreement (or any agreement entered into pursuant to Clause 19(C)) other than an increased cost arising solely as a result of a change in the rate of taxation on the overall net income of the relevant indemnified party, the Seller shall immediately pay to the Operating Agent for the account of the Buyer or Citibank or, as the case may be, for its own account from time to time, additional amounts as specified by the Operating Agent, equal to such cost. A certificate as to such amount submitted to the Seller by the Operating Agent shall, in the absence of manifest error, be conclusive and binding for all purposes.

(E) Judgment Currency: Each reference in this Agreement to a specific currency is of the essence. The obligation of the Seller (individually, or as the Collection Agent) in respect of any sum due from it to the Operating Agent or the Buyer under this Agreement will, notwithstanding any judgment in any other currency, or any bankruptcy or winding up by reason of insolvency or analogous event of the Seller, be discharged only to the extent that on the Local Business Day following receipt by the Operating Agent or the Buyer of any sum adjudged or determined to be so due in such other currency, the Operating Agent could in accordance with normal banking procedures purchase the currency specified in this Agreement with such other currency. If the amount of currency so purchased is less than the amount of

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the specified currency originally due to the Operating Agent or the Buyer, the Seller agrees, as a separate obligation and notwithstanding any such judgment, bankruptcy, winding up or analogous event, to indemnify the Operating Agent and the Buyer against such loss.

(F) Payment: Any amounts subject to the indemnification provisions of Clause 15(B), (C), (D) or (E) shall be paid by the Seller to the Operating Agent within two Programme Business Days following the Operating Agent's demand therefor.

(G) After Tax Amount: In the event that any taxing authority seeks to charge to tax any sum paid to the Buyer or the Operating Agent or any of their respective Affiliates as a result of the indemnities or other obligations contained herein, then the amount so payable shall be grossed up by such amount as will ensure that after payment of the tax so charged there shall be left a sum equal to the amount that would otherwise be payable under such indemnity or obligation.

16. AMENDMENTS, ETC.

(A) Amendments and Waivers: No amendment or waiver of any provision of this Agreement nor consent to any departure by the Seller therefrom shall in any event be effective unless the same shall be in writing and signed by (1) the Seller, the Buyer and the Operating Agent with respect to an amendment, or (2) the Seller, the Buyer or the Operating Agent, as the case may be, with respect to a waiver or consent by it, and then such waiver or consent shall be effective only in the specific instance and for the specific purpose for which given.

(B) Entire Agreement: This Agreement contains a final and complete integration of all prior expressions by the parties with respect to the subject matter of this Agreement and constitutes the entire agreement among the parties with respect to the subject matter of this Agreement, superseding all prior oral or written understandings.

17. NOTICES

All notices and other communications provided for under this Agreement shall, unless otherwise stated in this Agreement, be in writing in the English language (including telex and fax communication) and mailed (first class, postage paid) or delivered to each party at its address set out under its name on the execution pages of this Agreement or at such other telex or fax number or address as may be designated by such party in a written notice to the other parties. All such notices and communications will be effective, (i) in the case of written notice, five days after being deposited in the post, or (ii) in the case of notice by telex, when telexed against receipt of answer back, or (iii) in the case of notice by fax, at the time of

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transmission unless served on a day which is not a Local Business Day or after 500 pm at the place in which the recipient is located, in which case it will be effective at 9:00 am at the place in which the recipient is located on the following Local Business Day. In each case notice must be addressed as aforesaid.

18. NO WAIVER: REMEDIES

(A) No Waiver: No failure on the part of the Buyer, the Seller or the Operating Agent to exercise, and no delay in exercising, any right hereunder shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any right or remedy preclude any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right or remedy. The remedies in this Agreement are cumulative and not exclusive of any remedies provided by law.

(B) Set Off: Without limiting the provisions of Clause 18(A) the Buyer and the Operating Agent are hereby authorised by the Seller at any time after the Seller is in default of its obligations under this Agreement or an Early Amortisation Event has occurred, and to set off and apply, and/or to instruct Citibank or any of Citibank's Affiliates to set off and apply, any and all deposits at any time held and other indebtedness at any time owing (whether general or special, time or demand, provisional or final and in whatever currency) by the Buyer, the Operating Agent, Citibank or, as the case may be, any such Affiliate to or for the credit or the account of the Seller against any and all of the obligations of the Seller (as such, as Collection Agent, or otherwise), now or hereafter existing under this Agreement, to the Buyer or the Operating Agent or their respective successors and assigns or, as the case may be, now or hereafter due or owing on any account to Citibank or any of Citibank's Affiliates (and for this purpose to convert one currency into another).

19. BINDING EFFECT: ASSIGNABILITY

(A) Successors and Assigns: This Agreement is binding upon and enures to the benefit of (1) the Seller and its successors and permitted assignees in accordance with Clause 19(B); (2) the Buyer and also in relation to the benefit, but not the burden of this Agreement, each Person to whom the Buyer has for the time being in accordance with Clause 19(C) (2) or (3) granted or assigned (or agreed to grant or assign) all or part of any Purchased Receivable (or any participation or interest, whether proprietary or contractual, in or in respect of all or part of any Purchased Receivable) and/or all or any of its rights, benefits and interest in or under this Agreement and their respective successors and assignees; and (3) Citibank and its successors as Operating Agent (and the terms "Seller", "Buyer" and "Operating Agent" shall be construed accordingly).

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(B) The Seller: No Seller may assign any of its rights, benefits or interest in or under this Agreement except with the prior consent of the Operating Agent.

(C) The Buyer: The Buyer may grant or assign all or part of any Purchased Receivable (or any participation or interest, whether proprietary or contractual, in or in respect of all of any part of any Purchased Receivable) and/or all or any of its rights, benefits and interest in or under this Agreement (1) as provided in this Agreement, (2) to Eureka or any Affiliate of Eureka or any vehicle managed by Eureka or an Affiliate of Eureka (3) to Citibank or any Affiliate of Citibank or any vehicle managed by Citibank or an Affiliate of Citibank, or (4) (after first offering to make such grant or assignment on substantially similar terms to the Seller, and the Seller not accepting such offer within 10 Programme Business Days of the date of the offer) to any other Person which engages in the business of purchasing or accepting grants or assignments of, or making loans in respect of, accounts receivable or other debts or intangibles or participations or interests, whether proprietary or contractual, therein or in respect thereof, and has entered into an agreement with the Buyer. Any such grant or assignment as referred to in (2), (3) and (4) above shall be upon such terms and conditions as the parties thereto may mutually agree. Upon the assignment of all or part of any Purchased Receivable, rights, benefits and/or interests from an assignor as described above, the respective assignee receiving such assignment shall have all the rights of such assignor hereunder with respect to such Purchased Receivable (or part thereof), rights, benefits and/or interests. An assignor of any Purchased Receivable (or part thereof), rights, benefits and/or interests under this Agreement will provide notice to the Seller of any such assignment, unless notice is waived by the Seller.

(D) Additional Sellers: The Operating Agent may, in its sole and absolute discretion, at the request of Exide Europe, admit either or both of DETA UK Limited and/or FRIWO Batteries Limited as a Seller under this Agreement (for the purposes of this Clause 19(D), such party or parties shall be referred to as the "Additional Seller"). In addition to the discretion of the Operating Agent, the admission the Additional Seller shall also be subject to the following conditions precedent:

(1) the Operating Agent receives the documents and information specified in Schedule 5 in respect of the Additional Seller, each in form and substance satisfactory to the Operating Agent;

(2) the Additional Seller, the Seller and the Buyer have delivered to the Operating Agent a duly completed and executed Admission of Additional Seller in the form attached as Schedule 2 (together with confirmation of due execution and delivery, in form and

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substance satisfactory to the Operating Agent) and the Operating Agent has indicated its consent by execution of the Admission of Additional Seller; and

(3) Exide Europe shall have confirmed in writing to the Operating Agent that the Letter of Undertaking shall apply, on the terms stated therein, to all of the obligations of the Additional Seller under the Programme;

upon which time the Additional Seller shall be deemed to be a party to this Agreement from and after the next Settlement Date subsequent to the execution of the Admission of Additional Seller by the Operating Agent, and the Additional Seller shall be under the same obligations towards each of the other parties to this Agreement as if it had been an original party hereto as a "Seller".

20. TERMINATION

This Agreement will create and constitute the continuing obligations of the parties in accordance with its terms, and will remain in full force and effect until such time, after the Termination Date, as all Capital of all Groups of Receivables has been reduced to zero and all Yield, Programme Costs and other fees due under this Agreement or the Fees Letter have been paid; provided, however, that the rights and remedies with respect to any breach of any representation and warranty made by the Seller in or pursuant to this Agreement, the provisions of Clause 21 and the indemnification and payment provisions of this Agreement will be continuing and will survive any termination of this Agreement. The Operating Agent will notify the Rating Agencies promptly upon the occurrence of:

(A) the Termination Date; and/or

(B) any material amendment to this Agreement.

21. NO PROCEEDINGS

(A) Buyer: The Seller and the Operating Agent each hereby agree that they will not institute against the Buyer any bankruptcy, insolvency or similar proceeding so long as any commercial paper issued by Eureka or any of its Affiliates is outstanding or one year plus one day has not elapsed since the last day on which any such commercial paper was outstanding.

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(B) Eureka: The Seller, the Buyer and the Operating Agent each hereby agree that they will not institute against Eureka or any of its Affiliates any bankruptcy, insolvency or similar proceeding so long as any commercial paper issued by Eureka or any of its Affiliates is outstanding or one year plus one day has not elapsed since the last day on which any such commercial paper was outstanding.

22. EXECUTION IN COUNTERPARTS: SEVERABILITY

(A) Counterparts: This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts and by different parties hereto in separate counterparts, each of which when so executed shall be deemed to be an original and all of which when taken together shall constitute one and the same agreement.

(B) Severability: If any provision in or obligation under this Agreement shall be invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any jurisdiction, the validity, legality and enforceability of the remaining provisions or obligations under this Agreement, or of such provision or obligation in any other jurisdiction, shall not be affected or impaired thereby.

23. CONFIDENTIALITY

Unless otherwise required by applicable law or regulation, or as requested by any regulator or tribunal with competent jurisdiction over, or over any business of, the relevant party, each of the parties agrees to maintain the confidentiality of this Agreement in its communications with third parties and otherwise.

24. GOVERNING LAW AND JURISDICTION

(A) Governing Law: This Agreement is governed by, and shall be construed in accordance with, the laws of England.

(B) Consent to Jurisdiction: The parties hereto hereby irrevocably and for the benefit of each other submit to the jurisdiction of the courts of England in any action or proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement, and hereby irrevocably agree that all claims in respect of such action or proceeding may be heard and determined in such courts. The parties hereto hereby irrevocably waive, to the fullest extent they may effectively do so, the defence of an inconvenient forum to the maintenance of such action or proceeding. As an alternative method of service, the Seller and the Buyer also irrevocably consent to the service of any and all process in any such action or proceeding by the delivery of copies of such process to the Seller or the Buyer, as applicable, at the address designated for notices under this Agreement.

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The Seller and the Buyer agree that a final judgment in any action or proceeding shall be conclusive and may be enforced in other jurisdictions by suit on the judgment or in any other manner provided by law. Nothing shall affect the right to serve process in any other manner permitted by law. Each of the parties hereto which is not incorporated in England irrevocably appoints the person specified against its signature to accept any service of any process on its behalf and further undertakes to the other parties hereto that it will at all times during the continuance of this Agreement maintain the appointment of some person in England as its agent for the service of process and irrevocably agrees that the service of any writ, notice or other document for the purposes of any suit, action or proceeding in the courts of England shall be duly served upon it if delivered or sent to the address of such appointee (or to such other address in England as that party may notify to the other parties hereto).

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, this Agreement has been duly executed and delivered as a Deed.

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RECEIVABLES SALE AGREEMENT

dated 10 June, 1997

~
SOCIEDAD ESPANOLA DEL
ACUMULADOR TUDOR, S.A.
as Seller

EXIDE EUROPE FUNDING Ltd.
as Buyer

TUDOR COLLECTIONS LTD
as Agent

CITIBANK, NA.
as Operating Agent

Clifford Chance
Madrid


CLAUSES                                                                                        PAGE NOS.
 1.      DEFINITIONS AND CONSTRUCTION..........................................................        1

 2.      FACILITY..............................................................................       17

 3.      CONDITIONS PRECEDENT..................................................................       18

 4.      PURCHASES.............................................................................       19

 5.      COLLECTIONS AND SETTLEMENT............................................................       20

 6.      FEES, COSTS AND STAMP DUTY............................................................       22

 7.      PAYMENTS AND COMPUTATIONS, ETC........................................................       23

 8.      REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE SELLER..........................................       24

 9.      AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS OF THE SELLER...................................................       27

10.      NEGATIVE COVENANTS OF THE SELLER......................................................       29

11.      REPORTING REQUIREMENTS OF THE SELLER..................................................       30

12.      COLLECTION AGENT, COLLECTION AND AGENT ACCOUNT........................................       32

13.      PROTECTION OF THE BUYER'S RIGHTS......................................................       34

14.      RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SELLER........................................................       35

15.      AGENCY AND INDEMNITIES................................................................       37

16.      AMENDMENTS, ETC. .....................................................................       40

17.      NOTICES...............................................................................       40

18.      NO WAIVER: REMEDIES...................................................................       40

19.      BINDING EFFECT: ASSIGNABILITY.........................................................       41

20.      TERMINATION...........................................................................       42

21.      NO PROCEEDINGS........................................................................       42

22.      EXECUTION IN COUNTERPARTS: SEVERABILITY...............................................       43

23.      CONFIDENTIALITY.......................................................................       43


24.      GOVERNING LAW AND JURISDICTION........................................................       43

SCHEDULE I.....................................................................................       45
         Offices of the Seller.................................................................       45

SCHEDULE 2.....................................................................................       46
         Form of Admission of Additional Seller................................................       46

SCHEDULE 3.....................................................................................       48
         Settlement Statement..................................................................       48

SCHEDULE 4.....................................................................................       51
         Form of Summary Report................................................................       51

SCHEDULE 5.....................................................................................       54
         Initial Conditions Precedent..........................................................       54

SCHEDULE 6.....................................................................................       56
         Form of Notice of Sale................................................................       56

SCHEDULE 7.....................................................................................       57
         Form of Contract......................................................................       57

SCHEDULE 8 - Part 1............................................................................       59
         Information to be Provided to Exide Europe............................................       59

SCHEDULE 8 - Part 2............................................................................       60
         Form of Monthly Summary...............................................................       60

SCHEDULE 9.....................................................................................       61
         Form of Power of Attorney.............................................................       61

EXECUTION PAGES................................................................................       62


THIS RECEIVABLES SALE AGREEMENT, dated 10 June, 1997, is made among:

(1) SOCIEDAD ESPANOLA DEL ACUMULADOR TUDOR, S.A. ("Tudor") (the "Seller")

(2) EXIDE EUROPE FUNDING LTD. (the "Buyer"); and

(3) CITIBANK, N.A., a United States national banking association acting through its London branch at 336 Strand, London WC2R 1HB (the "Operating Agent").

(4) TUDOR COLLECTIONS LTD. (the "Agent")

Preliminary Statements

A. The Seller desires to sell, from time to time, all of its rights and title to and interest in certain of its Receivables, and the Buyer desires to purchase, from time to time, such rights, title to and interest in such Receivables from the Seller on or after the Effective Date; and

B. The Buyer will inter alia, under the RPA, on sell such Receivables to Eureka Securitisation Plc. which will designate the Agent to collect in its own name but on behalf of Eureka the amounts payable by Account Debtors pursuant to a Contract, which has been the object of a sale and purchase in accordance with Preliminary Statement A above, and

C. The Agent will carry out certain duties in respect of the Agent Account as described in this Agreement.

D. The Operating Agent has been requested and is willing to act as Operating Agent as set out in this Agreement and, in particular, in Clause 15(A), subject to the ability of the Operating Agent to delegate its obligations pursuant to the terms of this Agreement, in particular, Clause 4(G).

NOW, THEREFORE, the parties agree as follows:

1. DEFINITIONS AND CONSTRUCTION

In this Agreement (including the Preliminary Statements):

(A) Accounting Terms: All accounting terms not specifically defined in this Agreement shall be construed in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles as in effect on the date hereof in Spain.

(B) Defined Terms: The following terms shall have the meanings indicated:

"Account Bank Mandate" means an agreement in respect of the Agent Account in form and substance satisfactory to the Operating Agent (as evidenced by its execution thereof), as described in Clause 8 (Q).

"Account Debtor" means a Person obliged to make payment(s) pursuant to a Contract.

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"Accounts Receivable Listing" means a list, by invoice number, of all of the Contracts which are shown on the Seller's general ledger in which payment obligations or other are outstanding at the time the list is compiled together with such other information concerning each Contract, and in such format, as the Operating Agent may specify.

"Accounts Receivable Trial Balance" means the Seller"s accounts receivable trial balance computer printout, containing a list of Account Debtors together with the aged Outstanding Balance of the Receivables.

"Accruals" means, as of any time, the aggregate amount by which the face value of Purchased Receivables have been reduced by virtue of any prompt payment discounts, accruals for volume rebates, warranty claims by the applicable Account Debtor(s), and other credit notes (including, without limitation, credit notes issued to Account Debtors as a result of disputes, claims and invoicing errors by the Seller).

"Advance Payment" means, at any time, the aggregate amount of any withdrawals from the Agent Account made by the Seller under Clause 12(C) to the extent they are outstanding and not repaid.

"Admission of Additional Seller" means an agreement substantially in the form set out in Schedule 2.

"Adverse Claim" means any claim of ownership, lien, security interest, mortgage, charge, or encumbrance, or other right or claim of any Person.

"Affiliate" when used with respect to a Person means any other Person controlling, controlled by or under common control with that Person and includes a Subsidiary (as defined below in its governing law) or a Holding Company of that Person and any other Subsidiary of that Holding Company; provided however that, except in respect of paragraph (2) of the definition of "Eligible Receivable" and Clause 6(A), Persons which are not part of the Exide Group shall not be considered to be Affiliates of any Person which is part of the Exide Group.

"Agent Account" means the account opened by Tudor Collections Ltd. with the Agent Account Bank in the name of Tudor Collections Ltd. but in the interest and on behalf of Eureka and the Liquidity Banks.

"Agent Account Bank" means Banesto acting through its branch at or such other branch or bank at which the Agent Account is, with the prior written consent of the Operating Agent, maintained from time to time.

"Agent Account Event" shall be deemed to have occurred if Exide Europe fails to maintain a Debt Service Cover Ratio of greater than 1.10:1.00.

"Agent Fee" means a fee payable on a year basis to the Agent in respect of maintaining and, to the extent required, operating the Agent Account.

"Approved Jurisdiction" means (i) Spain or (ii) United Kingdom, France, Italy, Germany, The Netherlands or Belgium, or (iii) another jurisdiction in respect of which the Seller has obtained as security from the applicable Account Debtor a clear and unconditional demand letter of credit

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(governed by the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits) from a bank whose short-term debt is rated at least A-1 and P-1 by the Rating Agencies, the term of which is in form and substance satisfactory to the Operating Agent (acting reasonably) and the conditions of which are in form and substance satisfactory to the Operating Agent (acting reasonably), and which letter of credit has been fully assigned to the Operating Agent (which assignment shall include full notice to the applicable bank issuing the letter of credit), requiring payment to be made directly to the Operating Agent.

"Available Collections" means, at any time, an amount equal to all Collections credited to the Agent Account in respect of Purchased Receivables less all accrued Yield and Programme Costs (whether or not incurred or paid by the Buyer) together with any other amounts owing to the Buyer, the Operating Agent or the Agent under this Agreement.

"Banesto" means Banco Espanol de Credito, S.A., a credit entity incorporated and organised under the laws of Spain acting for the purposes of this Agreement through its branch at Paseo de la Castellana 103, 28046 Madrid.

"Bank Facility Rate" means either: (a) in the event that either Eureka shall not at any time, fund its purchase under the RPA with the issuance of commercial paper, or purchases are being made under the PPA, due solely to an Early Amortisation Event, a per annum rate equal to Dollar LIBOR plus 1.75% and applicable reserve asset costs for a five year facility (as certified by the Operating Agent), or (b) in the event that Eureka shall not at any time fund its purchase under the RPA with the issuance of commercial paper or purchases are being made under the PPA, for any reason other than due to an Early Amortisation Event, a per annum rate equal to Dollar LIBOR plus 0.125% and applicable reserve asset costs for a five year facility (as certified by the Operating Agent).

"Base Rate" means a fluctuating interest rate per annum in effect from time to time, which rate per annum shall at all times be equal to the highest of:

(a) the rate of interest announced publicly by Citibank in New York, New York, from time to time, as Citibank's base rate;

(b) the sum (adjusted to the nearest 1/16 of 1% or, if there is no nearest 1/16 of 1%, to the next higher 1/16 of 1%) of (i) 1/2 of 1% per annum, plus (ii) the rate obtained by dividing (A) the latest three-week moving average of secondary market morning offering rates in the United States for three-month certificates of deposit of major United States money market banks, such three-week moving average (adjusted to the basis of a year of 360 days) being determined weekly on each Monday (or, if such day is not a Programme Business Day, on the next succeeding Programme Business Day) for the three-week period ending on the previous Friday by Citibank on the basis of such rates reported by certificate of deposit dealers to and published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York or, if such publication shall be suspended or terminated, on the basis of quotations for such rates received by Citibank from three New York certificate of deposit dealers of recognised standing selected by Citibank, by (B) a percentage equal to 100% minus the average of the daily percentages specified during such three-week period by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (or any successor) for determining the maximum reserve requirement (including, but not limited to, any emergency, supplemental or other marginal reserve requirement) for Citibank with respect to liabilities consisting of or including (among other liabilities) three

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month Dollar non-personal time deposits in the United States, plus
(iii) the average during such three-week period of the annual assessment rates estimated by Citibank for determining the then current annual assessment payable by Citibank to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (or any successor) for insuring Dollar deposits of Citibank in the United States; and

(c) 1/2 of one per cent per annum above the Federal Funds Rate.

"Buyer Entitlement" means, at any time, in respect of the total amount standing to the credit of the Agent Account, the portion thereof attributable to or representing Collections together with interest credited by on the Agent Account to such portion by the Agent Account Bank.

"Capital" equals, at any time, the Peseta Equivalent of the Seller' Proportionate Share of Programme Capital as defined and calculated pursuant to the RPA.

"Citibank" means Citibank, N.A., a national banking association under the laws of the United States of America.

"Collection Agent" means at any time the Person then authorised pursuant to this Agreement to service, administer and collect Purchased Receivables.

"Collections" means, with respect to any Purchased Receivable, all cash collections received and other cash proceeds of that Purchased Receivable (excluding any cash proceeds arising under any transaction as referred to in Clause 19(C)) and of any Related Security with respect to that Purchased Receivable received.

"Commitment" means the commitment of the Buyer under Clause 2 hereof.

"Concentration Amount" means as of any date, with respect to each Account Debtor, the product of (a) the Concentration Limit applicable to such Account Debtor and (b) the Dollar Equivalent of the Outstanding Balance of Purchased Receivables aggregated among all Origination Agreements.

"Concentration Limit" means, in relation to the aggregate Receivables for each Account Debtor: (a) for any single Account Debtor rated at least A-l or P-1 or its equivalent by the Rating Agencies, 17%; (b) for any single Account Debtor rated A-2 or P-2 or its equivalent by the Rating Agencies, 8.5%; (c) for any single Account Debtor rated A-3 or P-3 or its equivalent by the Rating Agencies, 5.66%; (d) for any single Account Debtor rated below A-3 or P-3 or not rated on its short term debt, 3.4% (to the extent an Account Debtor does not have a short term rating but has an actual or implied senior long-term debt rating, the applicable percentage will be determined based on equivalent senior long-term debt ratings (as determined by the Operating Agent) for the short term ratings specified above).

"Contract" means a written agreement between the Seller and an Account Debtor pursuant to which the Account Debtor is obliged to pay for goods or services sold or provided by the Seller (including any value added tax in respect thereof) from time to time.

"Country Limit" means the Peseta Equivalent of $66,000,000.

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"Credit and Collection Policy" means the Seller's policies, practices and procedures relating to Contracts and Receivables, in form and context satisfactory to the Operating Agent in accordance with paragraph (i) of Schedule 5 as modified from time to time with the consent of the Operating Agent.

"Currency Exchange Agreement" means, as of any time, the Currency Exchange Agreement (as that term is defined in the RPA or the PPA, as applicable) that may be entered into by the Buyer from time to time in accordance with the provisions of the RPA or PPA, as applicable.

"Debt" means any indebtedness, present or future, actual or contingent in respect of moneys borrowed or raised or any financial accommodation whatever and, without limitation, shall include:

(1) indebtedness under or in respect of a negotiable or other financial instrument, Guarantee, interest, gold or currency exchange, hedge or arrangement of any kind, redeemable share, share the subject of a Guarantee, discounting arrangement, finance lease or hire purchase agreement;

(2) the deferred purchase price (for more than 90 days) of an asset or service; and

(3) any obligation to deliver goods or other property or provide services paid for in advance by a financier or in relation to another financing transaction.

"Default Ratio" as of any date, is equal to the ratio (expressed as a percentage) for the most recent month for which such ratio is available of (i) aggregate Purchased Receivables that were 91-120 days past due at the end of each such month plus Purchased Receivables that were charged off (or, without duplication, which should have been charged off) as uncollectible during each such month which, if they had not been charged off (or, without duplication, which should have been charged off) would have been less than 121 days past due during such month to (ii) aggregate sales giving rise to Receivables that were generated during the calendar month immediately preceding the commencement of the Loss Horizon preceding such date.

"Debt Service Cover Ratio" means the Debt Service Cover Ratio as that term is defined and calculated pursuant to the Syndicated Facility; provided however, if the Syndicated Facility is terminated for any reason, the definition and calculation of Debt Service Cover Ratio for the purposes of this Agreement will survive such termination.

"Defaulted Receivable" means a Receivable:

(1) which, after the original due date, remains unpaid in whole or in part for more than 90 days;

(2) in respect of which the Account Debtor has taken any action, or suffered any event to occur, of the type described in Clause l1(D)(2); or

(3) which has been, or should be, written off or provided for in the Seller's books as uncollectible in accordance with the Credit and Collection Policy.

"Designated Account Debtor" means, at any time, all Account Debtors unless the Operating Agent has advised the Seller that an Account Debtor shall not be considered a Designated Account Debtor.

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"Determination Date" means initially, the Effective Date and thereafter, each following Tuesday; provided however, if such day is not a Programme Business Day, the applicable Determination Date shall be the next succeeding Programme Business Day.

"Diluted Receivable" means that portion of any Purchased Receivable which is either (a) reduced or cancelled as a result of (i) any defective or rejected goods or services, or any failure by the Seller to deliver any goods or services or otherwise to perform under the underlying Contract or invoice, or (ii) any change in the terms of or cancellation of any Contract or invoice or any other adjustment by the Seller which reduces the amount payable by the Account Debtor on the related Purchased Receivable or (iii) any set-off in respect of any claim by the Account Debtor on the related Purchased Receivable or (b) subject to any specific dispute, offset, counterclaim or defence whatsoever (except the discharge in bankruptcy of the Account Debtor thereof).

"Dilution Horizon" means, at any time, the estimated weighted average period in days between the issuance of invoices and the related credit note, if any, by the Programme Seller, as such period is calculated by the Operating Agent from time to time.

"Dilution Horizon Ratio" equals the higher of (a) the Dollar Equivalent of total sales giving rise to Programme Receivables for the Programme Seller for the past Dilution Horizon divided by the Dollar Equivalent of the