Quarterly Report




UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
 
[ X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016
 
or
 
[  ]   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _________________________ to _________________________________
 
Commission File Number:  0-17196
MGPLOGO4CA01.JPG  
MGP INGREDIENTS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
KANSAS
45-4082531
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
100 Commercial Street, Atchison, Kansas
66002
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
(913) 367-1480
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  [X] Yes [  ] No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). [X ] Yes [  ] No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See definition of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
[  ] Large accelerated filer                                                         [X] Accelerated filer
[  ]  Non-accelerated filer (Do not check if smaller reporting company    [ ] Smaller Reporting Company
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). [ ]Yes [X] No
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 
16,658,965 shares of Common Stock, no par value as of October 27, 2016



INDEX
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

METHOD OF PRESENTATION

Throughout this Report, when we refer to "the Company," "we," "us," "our," and words of similar import in reference to activities prior to January 3, 2012, the date a reorganization occurred ("the Reorganization"), we are referring to the combined business of MGPI Processing, Inc. (formerly MGP Ingredients, Inc.)  and its consolidated subsidiaries, and when we refer to "the Company," "we," "us," "our," and words of similar import in reference to activities occurring after the Reorganization, we are referring to the combined business of MGP Ingredients, Inc. (formerly named  MGPI Holdings, Inc.) and its consolidated subsidiaries, except to the extent that the context otherwise indicates. In this document, for any references to Note 1 through Note 10, refer to the Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 1.
 
All amounts in this report, except for share, par values, bushels, gallons, pounds, mmbtu, proof gallons, per share, per bushel, per gallon, per proof gallon and percentage amounts, are shown in thousands unless otherwise noted.


2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION  

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MGP INGREDIENTS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Year to Date Ended
 
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
Sales
 
$
83,711

 
$
83,880

 
$
243,076

 
$
260,815

Less:  excise taxes
 
3,820

 
3,552

 
5,958

 
14,720

Net sales
 
79,891

 
80,328

 
237,118

 
246,095

Cost of sales (a)
 
64,770

 
68,466

 
189,420

 
203,317

Gross profit
 
15,121

 
11,862

 
47,698

 
42,778

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
6,981

 
5,497

 
19,706

 
20,002

Other operating income, net
 
(3,385
)
 

 
(3,385
)
 

Operating income
 
11,525

 
6,365

 
31,377

 
22,776

Equity method investment earnings (Note 2)
 
664

 
1,562

 
2,260

 
6,010

Interest expense, net
 
(341
)
 
(114
)
 
(980
)
 
(374
)
Income before income taxes
 
11,848

 
7,813

 
32,657

 
28,412

Income tax expense
 
2,316

 
1,042

 
9,758

 
8,700

Net income
 
$
9,532

 
$
6,771

 
$
22,899

 
$
19,712

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income attributable to participating securities
 
294

 
222

 
711

 
653

Net income attributable to common shareholders and used in EPS calculation (Note 3)
 
$
9,238

 
$
6,549

 
$
22,188

 
$
19,059

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share information:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted weighted average common shares
 
16,653,717

 
17,155,072

 
16,626,024

 
17,316,649

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted earnings per common share
 
$
0.55

 
$
0.38

 
$
1.33

 
$
1.10

Dividends and dividend equivalents per common share
 
$
0.02

 
$

 
$
0.10

 
$
0.06

 

(a)  
Includes related party purchases of $6,700 and $11,372 for the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively. Includes related party purchases of $19,639 and $33,503 for the year to date periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively.












See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

3



MGP INGREDIENTS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

 
Quarter Ended
 
Year to Date Ended
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
Net income
$
9,532

 
$
6,771

 
$
22,899

 
$
19,712

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company sponsored benefit  plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in pension plans

 

 

 
243

Change in post-employment benefits
(17
)
 
(15
)
 
(52
)
 
(45
)
Change in equity method investments

 

 
(4
)
 
$
45

Other comprehensive income (loss)
(17
)
 
(15
)
 
(56
)
 
243

Comprehensive income
$
9,515

 
$
6,756

 
$
22,843

 
$
19,955








































See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

4



       MGP INGREDIENTS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
 
 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
Current Assets
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$

 
$
747

Receivables (less allowance for doubtful accounts: September 30, 2016 - $24; December 31, 2015 - $24)
 
37,174

 
30,670

Inventory
 
75,611

 
58,701

Prepaid expenses
 
779

 
1,062

Refundable income taxes
 
549

 

Total current assets
 
114,113

 
91,180

Property and equipment
 
239,986

 
229,914

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
(152,357
)
 
(146,360
)
Property and equipment, net
 
87,629

 
83,554

Equity method investments (Note 2)
 
17,518

 
18,563

Other assets
 
897

 
1,013

Total assets
 
$
220,157

 
$
194,310

Current Liabilities
 
 

 
 

Current maturities of long-term debt
 
$
4,356

 
$
3,345

Accounts payable
 
17,713

 
20,940

Accounts payable to affiliate, net
 
2,484

 
2,291

Accrued expenses
 
7,673

 
10,400

Income taxes payable
 
592

 
685

Total current liabilities
 
32,818

 
37,661

Long-term debt, less current maturities
 
17,309

 
7,579

Revolving credit facility
 
23,801

 
22,536

Deferred credit
 
3,178

 
3,402

Accrued retirement, health and life insurance benefits
 
3,921

 
4,136

Deferred income taxes
 
1,541

 
2,757

Other noncurrent liabilities
 
(197
)
 
79

Total liabilities
 
82,371

 
78,150

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 4)
 


 


Stockholders’ Equity
 
 

 
 

Capital stock
 
 

 
 

Preferred, 5% non-cumulative; $10 par value; authorized 1,000 shares; issued and outstanding 437 shares
 
4

 
4

Common stock
 
 

 
 

No par value; authorized 40,000,000 shares; issued 18,115,965 shares at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, and 16,656,953 and 16,681,576 shares outstanding at September 30, 2016 and  December 31, 2015, respectively
 
6,715

 
6,715

Additional paid-in capital
 
12,938

 
11,356

Retained earnings
 
135,739

 
114,558

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
(556
)
 
(500
)
Treasury stock, at cost
 
 

 
 

Shares of 1,459,012 at September 30, 2016 and 1,434,389 at December 31, 2015
 
(17,054
)
 
(15,973
)
Total stockholders’ equity
 
137,786

 
116,160

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
220,157

 
$
194,310



See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

5



MGP INGREDIENTS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
 
 
Year to Date Ended
 
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
22,899

 
$
19,712

Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
8,610

 
9,260

Distribution received from equity method investee
 
3,300

 

Gain on property insurance recoveries
 
(230
)
 

Gain on sale of assets
 
(871
)
 

Deferred income taxes, including change in valuation allowance
 
(1,216
)
 
1,405

Share-based compensation
 
1,538

 
1,417

Equity method investment earnings
 
(2,260
)
 
(6,010
)
Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Receivables, net
 
(6,504
)
 
1,013

Inventory
 
(16,910
)
 
(17,767
)
Prepaid expenses
 
283

 
(1,060
)
Accounts payable
 
(3,340
)
 
3,052

Accounts payable to affiliate, net
 
193

 
737

Accrued expenses
 
(2,241
)
 
2,338

Refundable income taxes
 
(642
)
 
(319
)
Deferred credit
 
(223
)
 
(520
)
Accrued retirement health and life insurance benefits
 
(542
)
 
(746
)
Other, net
 

 
286

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
1,844

 
12,798

Cash Flows from Investing Activities
 
 

 
 

Additions to plant, property and equipment
 
(12,666
)
 
(20,043
)
Proceeds from property insurance recoveries
 
230

 

Proceeds from sale of property and other
 
1,208

 

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(11,228
)
 
(20,043
)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
 
 

 
 

Purchase of treasury stock
 
(1,518
)
 
(15,366
)
Payment of dividends
 
(1,722
)
 
(1,087
)
Principal payments on long-term debt
 
(2,259
)
 
(1,203
)
Proceeds from credit facility
 
23,408

 
21,125

Payments on credit facility
 
(9,158
)
 
(1,391
)
Loan fees incurred with borrowings
 
(114
)
 
(348
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
 
8,637

 
1,730

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
 
(747
)
 
(5,515
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year
 
747

 
5,641

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$

 
$
126




See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

6



MGP INGREDIENTS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF
CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
Capital
Stock
Preferred
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2015
 
$
4

 
$
6,715

 
$
11,356

 
$
114,558

 
$
(500
)
 
$
(15,973
)
 
$
116,160

Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 

 

 

 
22,899

 

 

 
22,899

Other Comprehensive income (loss)
 

 

 

 

 
(56
)
 

 
(56
)
Dividends and dividend equivalents, net of estimated forfeitures
 

 

 

 
(1,718
)
 

 

 
(1,718
)
Share-based compensation
 

 

 
1,582

 

 

 

 
1,582

Stock shares awarded, forfeited or vested
 

 

 

 

 

 
437

 
437

Stock shares repurchased
 

 

 

 

 

 
(1,518
)
 
(1,518
)
Balance, September 30, 2016
 
$
4

 
$
6,715

 
$
12,938

 
$
135,739

 
$
(556
)
 
$
(17,054
)
 
$
137,786

 

































See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

7



MGP INGREDIENTS, INC.
 
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, unless otherwise noted)

Note 1.  Accounting Policies and Basis of Presentation.

The Company. MGP Ingredients, Inc. ("Company") is a Kansas corporation headquartered in Atchison, Kansas.  It was incorporated in 2011 and is a holding company with no operations of its own.  Its principal directly-owned operating subsidiaries are MGPI Processing, Inc. ("Processing") and MGPI of Indiana, LLC ("MGPI-I").  Processing was incorporated in Kansas in 1957 and is the successor to a business founded in 1941 by Cloud L. Cray, Sr. On January 3, 2012 , MGP Ingredients, Inc. reorganized into a holding company structure (the "Reorganization") through a series of steps involving various legal entities. Prior to the Reorganization, Processing was named MGP Ingredients, Inc.

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2015 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").  The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

Use of Estimates.   The financial reporting policies of the Company conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP").  The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  The application of certain of these policies places significant demands on management’s judgment, with financial reporting results relying on estimation about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain.  For all of these policies, management cautions that future events rarely develop as forecast, and estimates routinely require adjustment and may require material adjustment.

Inventory.   Inventory includes finished goods, raw materials in the form of agricultural commodities used in the production process and certain maintenance and repair items.  Bourbon and whiskeys are normally aged in barrels for several years, following industry practice; all barreled bourbon and whiskey is classified as a current asset. The Company includes warehousing, insurance, and other carrying charges applicable to barreled whiskey in inventory costs.

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market on the first-in, first-out, or FIFO, method.  Inventory valuations are impacted by constantly changing prices paid for key materials, primarily corn. Inventory consists of the following:
 
 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
Finished goods
 
$
15,004

 
$
15,126

Barreled distillate (bourbon and whiskey)
 
44,971

 
28,278

Work in process
 
1,924

 
2,364

Raw materials
 
6,161

 
6,675

Maintenance materials
 
6,173

 
5,371

Other
 
1,378

 
887

Total
 
$
75,611

 
$
58,701


Equity Method Investments.   The Company accounts for its investment in non-consolidated subsidiaries under the equity method of accounting when the Company has significant influence, but does not have more than 50 percent voting control, and is not considered the primary beneficiary.  Under the equity method of accounting, the Company reflects its investment in non-consolidated subsidiaries within the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as Equity method investments; the Company’s share of the earnings or losses of the non-consolidated subsidiaries is reflected as Equity method investment earnings in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.


8



The Company reviews its investments in non-consolidated subsidiaries for impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the investments may not be fully recoverable. Evidence of a loss in value that is other than temporary include, but are not limited to, the absence of an ability to recover the carrying amount of the investment, the inability of the investee to sustain an earnings capacity which would justify the carrying amount of the investment, or, where applicable, estimated sales proceeds which are insufficient to recover the carrying amount of the investment. If the fair value of the investment is determined to be less than the carrying value and the decline in value is considered to be other than temporary, an appropriate write-down is recorded based on the excess of the carrying value over the best estimate of fair value of the investment.

Revenue Recognition.   Except as discussed below, revenue from the sale of the Company’s products is recognized as products are delivered to customers according to shipping terms and when title and risk of loss have transferred.  Income from various government incentive grant programs is recognized as it is earned.
 
The Company’s Distillery segment routinely produces unaged distillate, and this product is frequently barreled and warehoused at a Company location for an extended period of time in accordance with directions received from the Company’s customers.  This product must meet customer acceptance specifications, the risks of ownership and title to the goods must be passed to the customer, and requirements for bill and hold revenue recognition must be met prior to the Company recognizing revenue from the sale of the product.  Separate warehousing agreements are maintained for customers who store their product with the Company and warehouse revenues are recognized as the service is provided.
 
Sales include customer paid freight costs billed to customers for the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 of $3,599 and $3,614 , respectively, and $10,272 and $11,068 for the year to date periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively.

Income Taxes. The Company accounts for income taxes using an asset and liability method which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis.

Evaluating the need for, and amount of, a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets often requires significant judgment and extensive analysis of all available evidence on a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction basis. Such judgments require the Company to interpret existing tax law and other published guidance as applied to the Company's circumstances. As part of this assessment, the Company considers both positive and negative evidence about its profitability and tax situation. A valuation allowance is recognized if it is more likely than not that at least some portion of the deferred tax asset will not be realized.

Accounting for uncertainty in income tax positions requires management judgment and the use of estimates in determining whether the impact of a tax position is "more likely than not" of being sustained. The Company considers many factors when evaluating and estimating its tax positions, which may require periodic adjustment and which may not accurately anticipate actual outcomes. It is possible that amounts reserved for potential exposure could change as a result of the conclusion of tax examinations and, accordingly, materially affect the Company’s reported net income after tax.

Earnings per Share.   Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed using the two-class method, which is an earnings allocation formula that determines net income per share for each class of Common Stock and participating security according to dividends declared and participation rights in undistributed earnings.  Per share amounts are computed by dividing net income attributable to common shareholders by the weighted average shares outstanding during the period.

Long-Lived Assets and Loss on Impairment of Assets.   Management reviews long-lived assets, mainly property and equipment assets, whenever events or circumstances indicate that usage may be limited and carrying values may not be fully recoverable.  Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of the asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are determined to be impaired, the impairment is measured by the amount by which the asset carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the assets.  Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.  Fair value is determined through various valuation techniques including discounted cash flow models, quoted market values and third-party independent appraisals, as considered necessary.  No events or conditions occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2016 that required the Company to test its long-lived assets for impairment.

 


9



Fair Value of Financial Instruments.   The Company determines the fair values of its financial instruments based on a fair value hierarchy, which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels based upon the observability of inputs. Fair values determined by Level 1 inputs utilize quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access. Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets and inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability, and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability. In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls has been determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the asset or liability.
 
The Company’s short term financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable.  The carrying value of the short term financial instruments approximates the fair value due to their short term nature. These financial instruments have no stated maturities or the financial instruments have short term maturities that approximate market.
 
The fair value of the Company’s debt is estimated based on current market interest rates for debt with similar maturities and credit quality. The fair value of the Company’s debt was $46,432 and $34,603 at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 , respectively. The financial statement carrying value of total debt was $45,466 (net of unamortized loan fees of $621 ) and $33,460 (net of unamortized loan fees of $636 ) at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 , respectively.  These fair values are considered Level 2 under the fair value hierarchy.

Dividends and Dividend Equivalents. On August 1, 2016, the Board of Directors initiated the declaration of quarterly dividends and dividend equivalents to stockholders and holders of restricted stock units ("RSUs"), which replaced the previous annual dividend and dividend equivalent declarations. Also on August 1, 2016, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend payable to stockholders of record as of August 15, 2016, of the Company's common stock, no par value ("Common Stock"), and a dividend equivalent payable to holders of RSUs as of August 15, 2016, of $0.02 per share and per unit.  The total payment of $344 , comprised of dividend payments of $334 and dividend equivalent payments of $10 (including estimated forfeitures), was paid on September 8, 2016.

On March 7, 2016, the Board of Directors declared a dividend payable to stockholders of record as of March 21, 2016, of the Company's Common Stock, and a dividend equivalent payable to holders of RSUs as of March 21, 2016, of $0.08 per share and per unit.  The total payment of $1,378 , comprised of dividend payments of $1,335 and dividend equivalent payments of $43 (including estimated forfeitures), was paid on April 14, 2016.

On March 12, 2015, the Board of Directors announced a dividend payable to stockholders of record as of March 26, 2015, of the Company's Common Stock, and a dividend equivalent payable to holders of RSUs as of March 26, 2015, of $0.06 per share and per unit.  The total payment of $1,087 , comprised of dividend payments of $1,061 and dividend equivalent payments of $26 , was paid on April 21, 2015.

Credit Agreement. On March 21, 2016, the Company entered into a Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Credit Agreement") with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association. The Credit Agreement contains customary terms and conditions substantially similar to the Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Previous Credit Agreement") and associated schedules with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, except as described in the discussion that follows. Such terms and conditions include limitations on mergers, consolidations, reorganizations, recapitalizations, indebtedness and certain payments, as well as financial condition covenants relating to leverage and interest coverage ratios. The Company's obligations under the Credit Agreement may be accelerated upon customary events of default, including, without limitation, non-payment of principal or interest, breaches of covenants, certain judgments against the loan parties, cross-defaults to other material debt, a change in control and specified bankruptcy events.


10



The Credit Agreement added a $15,000 term loan to the Previous Credit Agreement's $80,000 revolving facility resulting in a $95,000 facility. The principal of the term loan can be prepaid at any time without penalty or otherwise will be repaid by the Company in installments of $250 each month, which commenced on May 1, 2016. Additionally, the Credit Agreement reduced certain restrictions on acquisitions. Under the Previous Credit Agreement, only acquisitions less than $1,000 individually and $7,500 in the aggregate were permitted. The Credit Agreement eliminated the individual dollar limitation and increased the aggregate limitation to $35,000 . The Credit Agreement also added an increased minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.25 x (compared to 1.10 x in the Previous Credit Agreement) while the $15,000 term loan is outstanding. However, the minimum fixed charge coverage ratio is only tested if excess availability, after giving effect to such restricted payment, is less than 17.5 percent of the total amount of the facility.

The Company was in compliance with the Credit Agreement covenants at September 30, 2016 . The Company incurred no new loan fees related to the Credit Agreement during the quarter ended September 30, 2016 . The unamortized balance of total loan fees related to the Credit Agreement was $621 at September 30, 2016 and is included in the carrying value of total debt on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as described above in the Fair Value of Financial Instruments section. The loan fees are being amortized over the life of the Credit Agreement.

The amount of borrowings which the Company may make is subject to borrowing base limitations adjusted for the Fixed Asset Sub-Line collateral as described in the Credit Agreement. As of September 30, 2016 , the Company's total outstanding borrowings under the Credit Agreement were $43,675 , comprised of $24,422 of revolver borrowing (including unamortized loan fees of $621 ), $5,503 of fixed asset sub-line term loan borrowing, and $13,750 of term loan borrowing, leaving $43,395 available. The average interest rate for total borrowings of the Credit Agreement at September 30, 2016 was 2.54 percent .

Recent Accounting Pronouncements.

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718) Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting and is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those annual periods. The Company elected to early-adopt ASU 2016-09 in the quarter ended September 30, 2016 and, due to a required change in accounting principle, beginning this quarter, all excess tax benefits (“windfalls”) and deficiencies (“shortfalls”) related to employee stock compensation are recognized within Income tax expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income, whereas previously, windfalls were recorded to additional paid in capital ("APIC") and shortfalls were recognized only to the extent they exceeded the pool of windfall tax benefits. For the year to date period ended September 30, 2016, excess tax benefits were also reflected in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, along with other income tax cash flows, as a component of cash flows from operating activities (see Note 5). The cash paid by the Company during the quarter ended September 30, 2016, when it directly withheld shares for the payment of employee withholding taxes upon the vesting of a tranche of restricted stock, was reflected in the year to date period ended September 30, 2016, Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows as a financing activity. Applying this provision of the ASU on a retrospective basis had no effect on the Company since cash paid for withheld vested shares for the payment of withholding taxes was reflected in the same manner during the year to date period ended September 30, 2015. Finally, the early adoption related to share-based compensation award forfeitures had no impact on the Company’s beginning of year retained earnings and no impact for the quarter and year to date period ended September 30, 2016, since it elected to continue to estimate forfeitures, rather than account for them as they occur.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) , which increases transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and discloses key information about leasing arrangements. This update, along with IFRS 16, Leases, is the result of the FASB’s and the International Accounting Standards Board’s (IASB’s) efforts to meet this objective and improve financial reporting. ASU 2016-02 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-02 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In January 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments—Overall (Subtopic 825-10) , which enhances the reporting model for financial instruments to provide users of financial statements with more decision-useful information. The amendments in this update address certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. The ASU is effective for public business entities for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted following the early application guidance set forth in the pronouncement. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-01 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.


11



In July 2015 the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory (Topic 330) , which is part of the FASB's simplification initiative to identify, evaluate, and improve areas of generally accepted accounting principles. The amendments in the update do not apply to inventory that is measured using last-in, first-out (LIFO) or the retail inventory method. The amendments apply to all other inventory, which includes inventory that is measured using first-in, first-out (FIFO) or average cost. An entity should measure inventory within the scope of this update at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. The ASU is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company expects to adopt the new guidance in 2017.

On May 28, 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) , which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The ASU will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP when it becomes effective. At its July 9, 2015 meeting, the FASB agreed to defer by one year the mandatory effective date of its revenue recognition standard, but will also provide entities the option to adopt it as of the original effective date (ASU No. 2015-14). The new standard has a mandatory adoption date for the Company of January 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted at January 1, 2017. The standard permits the use of the full retrospective, retrospective with practical expedients, or cumulative effect transition method. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2014-09 (updated to ASU 2015-14), and related standard updates, ASU No. 2016-08, Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net) , ASU 2016-10, Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing , ASU No. 2016-11, Rescission of SEC Guidance Because of Accounting Standards Updates 2014-09 and 2014-16 Pursuant to Staff Announcements at the March 3, 2016 EITF Meeting (SEC Update) , and ASU No. 2016-12, Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients , will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures, but has not yet selected a transition method nor determined the effect of the standard on its ongoing financial reporting.
    
Note 2.  Equity Method Investments.

As of September 30, 2016 , the Company’s investments that are accounted for using the equity method of accounting consisted of the following: (1) 30 percent interest in ICP, which manufactures alcohol for fuel, industrial and beverage applications, and (2)  50 percent interest in D.M. Ingredients, GmbH, ("DMI"), which produced certain specialty starch and protein ingredients until June 30, 2015 (see DMI discussion below).

Realizability of DMI Investment. On December 29, 2014, the Company gave notice to DMI and to the Company's partner in DMI, Crespel and Dieters GmbH & Co. KG ("C&D"), to terminate the joint venture effective June 30, 2015. C&D also provided notice to terminate DMI effective June 30, 2015. On June 22, 2015, a termination agreement was executed by and between the Company, DMI, and C&D to dissolve DMI effective June 30, 2015. Additionally, on June 22, 2015 a termination agreement was executed by and between the Company and DMI to terminate their distribution agreement effective June 29, 2015. Under German law, commencing on June 30, 2015, normal operations for DMI ceased and a one -year winding down process began once the registration of resolutions, appointment of liquidators, inventory count, and publication of the notice to potential creditors was complete, which occurred on October 29, 2015. On or after October 29, 2016, the remaining liquidating proceeds will be disbursed.


12



Summary Financial Information (unaudited). Condensed financial information related to the Company’s non-consolidated equity method investment in ICP is shown below.
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Year to Date Ended
 
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
ICP’s Operating results:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales (a)
 
$
44,019

 
$
40,281

 
$
134,204

 
$
128,250

Cost of sales and expenses (b)
 
41,805

 
35,072

 
126,671

 
107,851

Net income
 
$
2,214

 
$
5,209

 
$
7,533

 
$
20,399


(a)  
Includes related party sales to MGPI of $6,700 and $11,123 for the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively. Includes related party sales to MGPI of $19,639 and $32,332 for the year to date periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively.
(b)  
Includes depreciation and amortization of $738 and $662 for the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively. Includes depreciation and amortization of $2,221 and $1,987 , and business interruption insurance proceeds of $0 and $4,112 , for the year to date periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively.

The Company’s equity method investment earnings (losses) from joint ventures, based on unaudited financial statements, is as follows:
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Year to Date Ended
 
 
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
ICP (30% interest)
 
$
664

 
$
1,562

 
$
2,260

 
$
6,120

 
DMI (50% interest)
 

 

 

 
(110
)
(a)  
 
 
$
664

 
$
1,562

 
$
2,260

 
$
6,010

 

(a) Includes $81 of pre-tax foreign currency translation adjustment.

The Company’s investment in joint ventures is as follows:


September 30,
2016

December 31,
2015
ICP (30% interest)

$
17,134

(a)  
$
18,179

DMI (50% interest)

384


384



$
17,518


$
18,563


(a)  
During the year to date period ended September 30, 2016 , the Company received a $3,300 cash distribution from ICP, which reduced the Company's investment amount in ICP.


13



Note 3.  Earnings per Share.

The computations of basic and diluted earnings per share are as follows:
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Year to Date Ended
 
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
Operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (a)
 
$
9,532

 
$
6,771

 
22,899

 
$
19,712

Income attributable to participating securities (b)
 
294

 
222

 
711

 
653

Net income attributable to common shareholders
 
$
9,238

 
$
6,549

 
$
22,188

 
$
19,059

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share information:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic weighted average common shares (c)
 
16,653,717

(d)  
17,154,303

 
16,626,024

(d)  
17,315,890

Incremental shares from potential dilutive securities (e)
 

 
769

 

 
759

Diluted weighted average common shares
 
16,653,717

 
17,155,072

 
16,626,024

 
17,316,649

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted earnings per share
 
$
0.55

 
$
0.38

 
$
1.33

 
$
1.10

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a)  
Net income attributable to all shareholders.
(b)  
At September 30, 2016 and 2015 , participating securities included 525,986 and 432,946 nonvested RSUs, respectively, and 0 and 128,500 nonvested shares of restricted stock, respectively.
(c)  
Under the two-class method, weighted average common shares at September 30, 2016 and 2015 , exclude nonvested, participating securities of 525,986 and   561,446 , respectively.
(d)  
Weighted average common shares for the quarter and year to date periods ended September 30, 2016 were affected by the September 1, 2015, purchase of 950,000 shares of common stock in a privately-negotiated transaction with F2 SEA, Inc., an affiliate of SEACOR Holdings, Inc., pursuant to a Stock Repurchase Agreement. SEACOR Holdings, Inc. is the 70 percent owner of ICP, the Company's 30 percent equity method investment.
(e)  
There were no anti-dilutive shares related to stock options for the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 . There were dilutive shares related to stock options totaling 0 and 4,000 for the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively, and 0 and 4,000 for the year to date periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively. The dilutive shares resulted in potential dilutive securities of 0 and 769 for the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively, and 0 and 759 for the year to date periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 , respectively.

Note 4.  Commitments and Contingencies.

Commitments. Open purchase order commitments at September 30, 2016 related to raw materials and packaging used in the ordinary course of business were $56,848 extending out to December 2017 . Open purchase order commitments at September 30, 2016 related to the purchase of capital assets were $4,197 .

In 2015, our Board of Directors approved a $20,200 major expansion in warehousing capacity on a 20 -acre campus adjoining our current Lawrenceburg facility as part of the implementation of our five -year strategic plan to grow the whiskey category. In September 2016 an additional $8,800 was approved related to the next phases of this project. The total approved warehouse expansion investment at September 30, 2016, is $29,000 . As of September 30, 2016 , we had spent $17,676 of this approved investment amount.

Contingencies. There are various legal and regulatory proceedings involving the Company and its subsidiaries.  The Company accrues estimated costs for a contingency when management believes that a loss is probable and can be reasonably estimated.


14



Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Trade Bureau ("TTB")

The TTB performed a federal excise tax audit of the Company’s subsidiaries, MGPI of Indiana, LLC and MGPI Processing, Inc., for the periods January 1, 2012 through July 31, 2015 and January 1, 2013 through July 31, 2015, respectively. The Company is in the process of addressing the preliminary findings of the TTB audit regarding clerical errors and support for storage losses. The Company is unable to determine the probability that additional penalties will be owed. However, the Company believes it is probable that a penalty may be imposed by the TTB as a result of certain TTB audit findings, but it is unable to reasonably estimate the amount thereof.

Management expects that the aggregate liabilities, if any, arising from such legal and regulatory proceedings, including the TTB audit, would not have a material adverse effect on the consolidated financial position or results of operations of the Company.

Chemical Release

A chemical release occurred at the Company's plant in Atchison, Kansas, at approximately 8:00 a.m. on October 21, 2016, which resulted in emissions venting into the air. The emissions had dispersed by approximately 11:00 a.m. on that same day. Local officials reported some injuries, mostly respiratory issues, following the release.
MGP Ingredients reported the event to the EPA, OSHA and Kansas and local authorities on that date, and is cooperating fully to investigate and ensure that all appropriate response actions are taken. MGP has also engaged outside experts to assist the investigation and response. The Company believes that it is probable that a fine or penalty may be imposed by one or more regulatory authorities, but it is currently unable to reasonably estimate the amount thereof. It is also possible that private plaintiffs may initiate legal proceedings for damages resulting from the emission, but the Company is currently unable to estimate the probability thereof or to reasonably estimate the amount of any such damages that might be claimed. The Company's insurance is expected to provide coverage of any damages to private plaintiffs, subject to a deductible of $250 , but certain regulatory fines or penalties may not be covered.
There was no significant damage to its Atchison plant as a result of this incident. No other MGP facilities, including its distillery in Lawrenceburg, Indiana, were affected by this incident.

Note 5. Income Taxes
Income tax expense for the quarter and year to date period ended September 30, 2016 was $2,316 and $9,758 , respectively, for an effective tax rate for the quarter of 19.5 percent and for the year to date period of 29.9 percent . The effective tax rate differs from the 35 percent federal statutory rate on pretax income primarily due to the impact of the adoption of ASU No. 2016-09, a discrete event recognized on a prospective basis, resulting in a reduction to the rate of approximately 13.3 percentage points for the quarter and 4.8 percentage points for the year to date period (see below), the domestic production activities deduction, and state income taxes, including recent nexus and state tax credit planning activities, in particular, tax credits related to an expansion in Indiana related to the Company's Lawrenceburg facility, which are activities treated as ordinary income items and in the annual effective tax rate. The Company continues to evaluate all available positive and negative evidence to determine the likelihood of realization of the deferred tax assets.

The Company elected to early-adopt ASU 2016-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718) Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting in the quarter ended September 30, 2016. Due to the change in accounting principle required by the ASU adoption and the vesting of 128,500 shares of restricted stock during the quarter, the Company received a $1,571 tax-effected excess tax benefit from windfalls related to employee stock compensation that were recognized within income tax expense. Under prior guidance, windfalls were recorded to APIC and shortfalls were only recognized to the extent they exceeded the pool of windfall tax benefits. The tax-effected excess tax benefit was recorded in the quarter ended September 30, 2016, within Income tax expense on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. The tax-effected excess tax benefit was also reflected in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, along with other income tax cash flows, as a component of cash flows from operating activities on a prospective basis. ASU 2016-09 requires the tax effects of the transition event to be presented as a discrete item in the quarter the excess tax benefit was generated, which was the quarter ended September 30, 2016, for the Company. The effect of the ASU adoption related to excess tax benefits is on a prospective basis and, therefore, had no impact on prior years. There was no vesting of restricted stock or RSUs during the first and second quarters of 2016, so a recast of the prior 2016 interim financial statements was not required.


15



Income tax expense for the quarter and year to date period ended September 30, 2015 was $1,042 , which included the release of $1,908 of a valuation allowance, and $8,700 , respectively. This resulted in an effective tax rate for the quarter of 13.3 percent and for the year to date period of 30.6 percent .

Note 6.  Derivative Instruments.

Certain commodities the Company uses in its production process are exposed to market price risk due to volatility in the prices for those commodities.  The Company's grain supply contract for its Lawrenceburg and Atchison facilities permits the Company to purchase grain for delivery up to 12 months into the future at negotiated prices.  The pricing for these contracts is based on a formula using several factors.  The Company has determined that the firm commitments to purchase grain under the terms of these contracts meet the normal purchases and sales exception as defined under ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging , and has excluded the fair value of these commitments from recognition within its consolidated financial statements until the actual contracts are physically settled.

The Company’s production process also involves the use of wheat flour and natural gas. The contracts for wheat flour and natural gas range from monthly contracts to multi-year supply arrangements; however, because the quantities involved have always been for amounts to be consumed within the normal expected production process, the Company has determined that these contracts meet the criteria for the normal purchases and sales exception and have excluded the fair value of these commitments from recognition within its consolidated financial statements until the actual contracts are physically settled.

Note 7.  Operating Segments.

The Company has two reportable segments: distillery products and ingredient solutions. The distillery products segment consists of food grade alcohol, including premium beverage alcohol and industrial alcohol, and distillery co-products, such as distillers feed (commonly called dried distillers grain in the industry), fuel grade alcohol, and corn oil. The distillery products segment also includes warehouse services, including barrel put away, barrel storage, and barrel retrieval services. Ingredient solutions consists of specialty starches and proteins, commodity starches and commodity proteins.
 

16



Operating profit for each segment is based on net sales less identifiable operating expenses.  Non-direct selling, general and administrative expenses, interest expense, earnings from our equity method investments, other special charges and other general miscellaneous expenses have been excluded from segment operations and classified as Corporate.  Receivables, inventories and equipment have been identified with the segments to which they relate.  All other assets are considered as Corporate.
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Year to Date Ended
 
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
September 30,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
Net Sales to Customers
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distillery products
 
$
66,664

 
$
66,713

 
$
197,245

 
$
201,542

Ingredient solutions
 
13,227

 
13,615

 
39,873

 
44,553

Total
 
79,891

 
80,328

 
237,118

 
246,095

Gross Profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distillery products
 
12,364

 
10,372

 
40,879

 
35,506

Ingredient solutions
 
2,757

 
1,490

 
6,819

 
7,272

Total
 
15,121

 
11,862

 
47,698

 
42,778

Depreciation and Amortization
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
Distillery products
 
1,939

 
2,219

 
6,415

 
6,603

Ingredient solutions
 
399

 
514

 
1,253

 
1,627

Corporate
 
290

 
343

 
942

 
1,030

Total
 
2,628

 
3,076

 
8,610

 
9,260

Income before Income Taxes  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distillery products
 
11,215

 
9,992

 
38,497

 
34,492

Ingredient solutions
 
2,016

 
1,002

 
4,767

 
5,713

Corporate
 
(1,383
)
 
(3,181
)
 
(10,607
)
 
(11,793
)
Total
 
$
11,848

 
$
7,813

 
$
32,657

 
$
28,412


The following table allocates assets to each segment:
 
 
As of September 30, 2016
 
As of December 31, 2015
Identifiable Assets
 
 
 
 
Distillery products
 
$
164,069

 
$
138,355

Ingredient solutions
 
26,916

 
24,023

Corporate
 
29,172

 
31,932

Total
 
$
220,157

 
$
194,310


Note 8.  Employee and Non-Employee Benefit Plans.

Equity-Based Compensation Plans .  The Company’s equity-based compensation plans provide for the awarding of stock options, stock appreciation rights, shares of restricted stock ("Restricted Stock"), and RSUs for senior executives and salaried employees as well as non-employee directors.

The Company has two active equity-based compensation plans: the Employee Equity Incentive Plan of 2014 (the "2014 Plan") and the Non-Employee Director Equity Incentive Plan (the "Directors' Plan"). The 2014 Plan replaced the inactive Stock Incentive Plan of 2004 (the "2004 Plan").

At the May 2014 annual meeting, shareholders also approved a new Employee Stock Purchase Plan ("ESPP"). At September 30, 2016 this ESPP was not active, but the previous ESPP plan remained intact.

The 2014 Plan provides that vesting occurs pursuant to the time period specified in the particular award agreement approved for that issuance of RSUs, which is not less than three years unless vesting is accelerated due to the occurrence of certain events. Prior to early 2015, awards granted under the 2014 Plan had only service conditions required for vesting. The compensation expense related to awards with only service conditions was based on the market price of the stock determined on the date the Board of Directors approved the grants, amortized over the service condition vesting period, net of estimated forfeitures trued up at vesting.

In early 2015, the Board of Directors approved awards with both service and performance conditions. The compensation expense related to awards with both service and performance conditions is treated as a cash bonus award to be settled in RSUs. Because management has determined that award performance conditions are substantive, the estimated compensation expense is recognized ratably over the period beginning in the performance condition measurement year (the year prior to the grant date year) when, or if, the Company determines that it is probable the performance conditions will be met and ending on the award service condition vesting date, net of estimated forfeitures trued up at vesting.

Until the grant date, the award is liability-classified because it is a fixed dollar amount to be awarded in a variable number of RSUs. As a liability-classified award, related compensation expense, net of estimated forfeitures, is reflected in Selling, general and administrative expenses on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income and the corresponding liability in Accrued Expenses on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. If it is determined in the measurement year that meeting the performance conditions is probable and then the determination changes to less than probable later in the year, the compensation expense recognized while the determination was probable, along with the corresponding liability, are reversed in the period of the change in determination. At the grant date in the following year (when the number of RSUs to be awarded is known), the liability-classified award is reclassified and the award becomes equity-classified. Compensation expense related to the equity-classified award, net of estimated forfeitures to be trued up at vesting, is reflected in Selling, general and administrative expenses on the Condensed Consolidate Statements of Comprehensive Income and the corresponding equity entry in Additional paid-in capital on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Awards with only service conditions continue to be granted under the 2014 Plan at the discretion of the Board of Directors as a means to attract and retain key employees.

As of September 30, 2016 , 206,094 RSUs had been granted under the 2014 Plan, with 11,108 of those forfeited for termination of employment. As of September 30, 2016 , the estimated unaccrued amount of liability-classified awards to be granted in 2017, net of estimated forfeitures, was $1,032 .

The Directors' Plan provides that vesting occurs pursuant to the time period specified in the particular award agreement approved for that issuance, which is not less than one year unless vesting is accelerated due to the occurrence of certain events.  As of September 30, 2016 , 52,436 shares had been granted related to the Directors' Plan. The compensation expense related to awards granted under the Directors' Plan is based on the closing market price of the Company's stock on the day before the shares are awarded.

As of September 30, 2016 , 525,986 shares of unvested RSUs were outstanding under the Company’s active and inactive long-term incentive plans.

Note 9.  Other Operating Income, net.

On July 11, 2016 (the “Effective Date”), the Company entered into a settlement agreement to resolve a lawsuit in the Company's favor, which agreement provided, among other things, that the other party would pay the Company the total sum of $2,550 , with $1,750 to be paid to the Company within 20 days of the Effective Date and $800 to be paid in $100 quarterly installments for the next eight quarters beginning three months after the Effective Date. The Company recorded the $2,550 settlement during the quarter ended September 30, 2016 , within Other operating income, net, on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

On September 19, 2016, the Company sold long-lived assets for proceeds of $1,209 . The book value of the assets sold and written off was $338 . As a result of the sale, the Company recognized a gain of $871 during the quarter ended September 30, 2016 , that is included within Other operating income, net, on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

17



Note 10.  Subsequent Events.

On October 31, 2016, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend payable to stockholders of record as of November 14, 2016 , of the Company's Common Stock, and a dividend equivalent payable to holders of RSUs as of November 14, 2016 , of $0.02 per share and per unit.  The dividend payment and dividend equivalent payment will be paid on December 8, 2016 .

Note 4 describes a chemical release which occurred on October 21, 2016, at the Company's Atchison plant.


18


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
(Dollar amounts in thousands, unless otherwise noted)

CAUTIONARY NOTE CONCERNING FACTORS THAT MAY AFFECT FUTURE RESULTS

This Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements as well as historical information.  All statements, other than statements of historical facts, regarding the prospects of our industry and our prospects, plans, financial position, and strategic plan may constitute forward-looking statements.  In addition, forward-looking statements are usually identified by or are associated with such words as "intend," "plan," "believe," "estimate," "expect," "anticipate," "hopeful," "should," "may," "will," "could," "encouraged," "opportunities," "potential," and/or the negatives or variations of these terms or similar terminology.  Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties which may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. A detailed discussion of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results and events to differ materially from such forward-looking statements, including risks specific to our distillery products and ingredient solutions segments, is included in the section titled "Risk Factors" (Item 1A) of our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2015 . Forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this report, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether because of new information, future events or otherwise.

OVERVIEW

MGP Ingredients, Inc. ("MGP") is a leading producer and supplier of premium distilled spirits and specialty wheat proteins and starches. Distilled spirits include premium bourbon and rye whiskeys, and grain neutral spirits, including vodka and gin. Our proteins and starches provide a host of functional, nutritional and sensory benefits for a wide range of food products to serve the packaged goods industry. We are also a top producer of high quality industrial alcohol for use in both food and non-food applications. We have two reportable segments: our distillery products segment and our ingredient solutions segment.

MGP was incorporated in 2011 in Kansas, continuing a business originally founded by Cloud L. Cray, Sr. in Atchison, Kansas 75 years ago. The Company’s ticker symbol is MGPI.

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in this Form 10-Q, as well as our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - General, set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2015 .


19



RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Consolidated results

The table below details the consolidated results for the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 :
 
Quarter Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016 v. 2015
 
Net sales
$
79,891

 
$
80,328

 
(0.5
)%
 
Cost of sales
64,770

 
68,466

 
(5.4
)
 
Gross profit
15,121

 
11,862

 
27.5

 
   Gross margin %
18.9
%
 
14.8
%
 
4.1

pp (a)
Operating income
11,525

 
6,365

 
81.1

 
   Operating margin %
14.4
%
 
7.9
%
 
6.5

pp
Equity method investment earnings
664

 
1,562

 
(57.5
)
 
Interest expense
(341
)
 
(114
)
 
199.1

 
Income before income taxes
11,848

 
7,813

 
51.6

 
Income tax expense
2,316

 
1,042

 
122.3

 
   Effective tax expense rate %
19.5
%
 
13.3
%
 
6.2

pp
Net income
$
9,532

 
$
6,771

 
40.8
 %
 
   Net income margin %
11.9
%
 
8.4
%
 
3.5

pp
(a) Percentage points ("pp").

Net Sales - Net sales for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 were $79,891 , a decrease of 0.5 percent compared to the year ago quarter, which resulted from reduced net sales in both segments. Within the distillery segment, net sales were down 0.1 percent . Food grade alcohol net sales were down 0.1 percent , as industrial alcohol net sales declined, while net sales of higher margin premium beverage alcohol products increased. Warehouse revenue related to the storage of barreled whiskey also increased, while lower margin distillers feed and related co-products net sales declined. In the ingredient solutions segment, the net sales decline extended across multiple product lines (see Segment Results below).

Gross profit - Gross profit for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 was $15,121 , an increase of 27.5 percent compared to the quarter ended September 30, 2015 . The increase was driven by an increase in gross profit in both segments. Within the distillery segment, the increase was primarily driven by the continuing shift in sales mix within food grade alcohol from lower margin industrial alcohol products to higher margin premium beverage alcohol products and a decline in input costs. Within the ingredient solutions segment, the increase was primarily driven by improved plant efficiencies, a decline in input costs, and higher product net sales volume (see Segment Results below).

Operating income - Operating income for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 was $11,525 , an 81.1 percent increase compared to the year ago quarter. Operating margin rose 6.5 percentage points, primarily due to an increase in other operating income, net, related to a legal settlement agreement and a gain on sale of long-lived assets, as well as an increase in gross profit in both segments, partially offset by an increase in selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expenses, quarter-versus-quarter.

Equity method investment earnings - Our equity method investment earnings decreased to $664 for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 , from $1,562 for the quarter ended September 30, 2015 . The 57.5 percent decrease in earnings was primarily due to ICP's lower per unit average selling price, partially offset by higher sales volume, quarter-versus-quarter (see Note 2). The lower per unit average selling price reflected less favorable market conditions compared to the prior year.

Income tax expense - Income tax expense for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 was $2,316 , for an effective tax rate for the quarter of 19.5 percent . Income tax expense for the quarter ended September 30, 2015 was $1,042 , for an effective tax rate for the quarter of 13.3 percent . The principal reason for the 6.2 percent increase in our effective tax rate quarter-versus-quarter is the release of a valuation allowance in the prior year quarter, partially offset by the effect of our adoption of ASU 2016-09 in the current year quarter, which provided us with a tax benefit related to our accounting for share-based compensation (see Note 5).

20



The table below details the consolidated results for the year to date periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 :
 
Year to Date Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016 v. 2015
 
Net sales
$
237,118

 
$
246,095

 
(3.6
)%
 
Cost of sales
189,420

 
203,317

 
(6.8
)
 
Gross profit
47,698

 
42,778

 
11.5

 
   Gross margin %
20.1
%
 
17.4
%
 
2.7

pp (a)
Operating income
31,377

 
22,776

 
37.8
 %
 
   Operating margin %
13.2
%
 
9.3
%
 
3.9

pp
Equity method investment earnings
2,260

 
6,010

 
(62.4
)
 
Interest expense
(980
)
 
(374
)
 
162.0

 
Income before income taxes
32,657

 
28,412

 
14.9

 
Income tax expense
9,758

 
8,700

 
12.2

 
   Effective tax expense rate %
29.9
%
 
30.6
%
 
(0.7
)
pp
Net income
$
22,899

 
$
19,712

 
16.2
 %
 
   Net income margin %
9.7
%
 
8.0
%
 
1.7

pp
(a) Percentage points ("pp").

Net Sales - Net sales for the year to date period ended September 30, 2016 were $237,118 , a decrease of 3.6 percent compared to the year ago period. Within the distillery segment, net sales were down 2.1 percent . Food grade alcohol net sales were down 1.1 percent , as industrial alcohol net sales declined, while net sales of higher margin premium beverage alcohol products increased. Warehouse revenue related to the storage of barreled whiskey also increased, while lower margin distillers feed and related co-products net sales declined. In the ingredient solutions segment, the net sales decline extended across multiple product lines (see Segment Results below).

Gross profit - Gross profit for the year to date period ended September 30, 2016 was $47,698 , an increase of 11.5 percent compared to the year ago period. The increase resulted in a 2.7 percentage point increase in gross margin. The expansion in total Company gross margin was driven by a continuing shift in overall product sales mix favoring higher value products and a decline in input costs.

Operating income - Operating income for the year to date period ended September 30, 2016 was $31,377 , a 37.8 percent increase compared to the year ago period. Operating margin rose 3.9 percentage points, primarily due to improved gross profit in the distillery products segment, an increase in other operating income, net, related to a legal settlement agreement and a gain on sale of long-lived assets, as well as a decrease in SG&A expenses, period-versus-period.

Equity method investment earnings - Our equity method investment earnings decreased to $2,260 for the year to date period ended September 30, 2016 , from $6,010 for the period ended September 30, 2015 . The decrease in earnings was primarily due to ICP's lower per unit average selling price compared to a year ago and a decrease in business interruption insurance proceeds, partially offset by higher sales volume, period-versus-period (see Note 2). The lower per unit average selling price reflected less favorable market conditions compared to previous recent years.

Income tax expense - Income tax expense for the year to date period ended September 30, 2016 was $9,758 , for an effective tax rate for the period of 29.9 percent . Income tax expense for the year to date period ended September 30, 2015 was $8,700 , for an effective tax rate for the period of 30.6 percent . The principal reason for the 0.7 percent reduction in our effective tax rate period-versus-period is the impact of our adoption of ASU 2016-09 in the current period, which provided us with a tax benefit related to our accounting for share-based compensation, the federal domestic production activities deduction no longer being limited by the Company's net operating loss carryovers from prior year periods, and the effect of state tax planning, including state income tax credits, partially offset by the release of a valuation allowance in the prior period (see Note 5).

21



Operating income quarter-versus-quarter
 
 
Operating Income
 
 Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income for the quarter ended September 30, 2015
 
$
6,365

 
 
 
Increase in gross profit - distillery products segment (a)
 
1,992

 
31.3

pp (b)
Increase in gross profit - ingredient solutions segment (a)
 
1,267

 
19.9

pp
Increase in other operating income, net
 
3,385

 
53.2

pp
Increase in SG&A expenses
 
(1,484
)
 
(23.3
)
pp
Operating income for the quarter ended September 30, 2016
 
$
11,525

 
81.1
 %
 

(a) See segment discussion.
(b) Percentage points ("pp").


Operating income for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 increased to $11,525 from $6,365 for the quarter ended September 30, 2015 , due to an increase in other operating income, net, and gross profit growth in both our distillery products and ingredient solutions segments, partially offset by an increase in SG&A expenses. Other operating income, net, increased over the prior year quarter, primarily due to income recorded related to a legal settlement agreement and a gain on sale of long-lived assets. For the quarter ended September 30, 2016 , gross profit in the distillery products segment increased compared to the prior year quarter, primarily due to the continuing shift in sales mix within food grade alcohol from lower margin industrial alcohol products to higher margin premium beverage alcohol products, a decline in input costs, and an increase in warehouse revenue. Gross profit in the ingredient solutions segment increased compared to the prior year quarter, primarily due to improved plant efficiencies, a decrease in input costs, and an increase in product net sales volume, partially offset by a lower average selling price. SG&A expenses increased over the prior year quarter, primarily due to increases in advertising and promotion expenses, as well as increases in other professional and personnel costs.


Operating income year to date-versus-year to date
 
 
Operating Income
 
 Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income for the year to date period ended September 30, 2015
 
$
22,776

 
 
 
Increase in gross profit - distillery products segment (a)
 
5,373

 
23.6

pp (b)
Decrease in gross profit - ingredient solutions segment (a)
 
(453
)
 
(2.0
)
pp
Increase in other operating income, net
 
3,385

 
14.9

pp
Decrease in SG&A expenses
 
296

 
1.3

pp
Operating income for the year to date period ended September 30, 2016
 
$
31,377

 
37.8
 %
 

(a) See segment discussion.
(b) Percentage points ("pp").


Operating income for the year to date period ended September 30, 2016 increased to $31,377 from $22,776 for the year to date period ended September 30, 2015 , due to gross profit growth in our distillery products segment, an increase in other operating income, net, and a decrease in SG&A expenses, partially offset by a decline in gross profit in our ingredient solutions segment. For the year to date period ended September 30, 2016 , gross profit in the distillery products segment increased compared to the year ago period, primarily due to the continuing shift in sales mix within food grade alcohol from lower margin industrial alcohol products to higher margin premium beverage alcohol products, a decline in input costs, and an increase in warehouse revenue. Other operating income, net, increased over the prior year to date period, primarily due to income recorded related to a legal settlement agreement and a gain on sale of long-lived assets. SG&A expenses declined period-versus-period, primarily due to decreases in accruals for incentive compensation and severance, partially offset by increases in advertising and promotion expenses, and other professional and personnel costs. For the year to date period ended September 30, 2016 , gross profit in the ingredient solutions segment decreased compared to the year to date period ended September 30, 2015 , primarily due to a lower average selling price and a decrease in product net sales volume, partially offset by a decrease in input costs.


22




Change in basic and diluted earnings per share quarter-versus-quarter
 
 
Basic and Diluted EPS
 
Change
 
Basic and diluted earnings per share for the quarter ended September 30, 2015
 
$
0.38

 
 
 
Change in operations (a)
 
0.07

 
18.4

pp (b)
Change in other operating income, net (a)
 
0.12

 
31.6

pp
Change in equity method investments (a)
 
(0.03
)
 
(7.9
)
pp
Change in interest expense, net (a)
 
(0.01
)
 
(2.6
)
pp
Change in weighted average shares outstanding
 
0.02

 
5.2

pp
Tax: Non-recurrence of 2015 valuation allowance release
 
(0.11
)
 
(29.0
)
pp
Tax: Implementation of ASU 2016-09
 
0.09

 
23.7

pp
Tax: Change in effective tax rate (excluding tax items above)
 
0.02

 
5.3

pp
Basic and diluted earnings per share for the quarter ended September 30, 2016
 
$
0.55

 
44.7
%
 

(a)  
Changes are net of tax based on the effective tax rate for the base year (2015), excluding the valuation allowance release noted separately above.
(b)  
Percentage points ("pp").


Earnings per share increased to $0.55 in the quarter ended September 30, 2016 from $0.38 in the quarter ended September 30, 2015 , primarily due to the change in other operating income, net, (favorable legal settlement agreement and a gain on sale of long-lived assets), and performance from operations, partially offset lower equity investment earnings quarter-versus-quarter. Various tax items, net, (non-recurrence of 2015 valuation allowance release, implementation of ASU 2016-09, and change in effective tax rate) were offsetting.


Change in basic and diluted earnings per share year to date-versus-year to date
 
 
Basic and Diluted EPS
 
Change
 
Basic and diluted earnings per share for the year to date period ended September 30, 2015
 
$
1.10

 
 
 
Change in operations (a)
 
0.19

 
17.3

pp (b)
Change in other operating income, net (a)
 
0.12

 
10.9

pp
Change in equity method investments (a)
 
(0.14
)
 
(12.7
)
pp
Change in interest expense, net (a)
 
(0.02
)
 
(1.8
)
pp
Change in weighted average shares outstanding
 
0.05

 
4.5

pp
Tax: Non-recurrence of 2015 valuation allowance release
 
(0.11
)
 
(10.0
)
pp
Tax: Implementation of ASU 2016-09
 
0.09

 
8.2

pp
Tax: Change in effective tax rate (excluding tax items above)
 
0.05

 
4.5

pp
Basic and diluted earnings per share for the year to date period ended September 30, 2016
 
$
1.33

 
20.9
%
 

(a)  
Changes are net of tax based on the effective tax rate for the base year (2015), excluding the valuation allowance release noted separately above.
(b)  
Percentage points ("pp").


Earnings per share increased to $1.33 in the year to date period ended September 30, 2016 from $1.10 in the year to date period ended September 30, 2015 , primarily due to performance from operations, the change in other operating income, net, (favorable legal settlement agreement and a gain on sale of long-lived assets), the decline in weighted average shares outstanding due to a repurchase of Common Stock in 2015, and various tax items, net, (non-recurrence of 2015 valuation allowance release, implementation of ASU 2016-09, and change in effective tax rate), partially offset by lower equity method investment earnings (see Note 2) period-versus-period.


23



SEGMENT RESULTS

DISTILLERY PRODUCTS

The following table shows selected financial information for our distillery products segment for the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 .
 
PRODUCT GROUP NET SALES
 
 
Quarter Ended September 30,
 
Quarter-versus-Quarter Net Sales Change Increase / (Decrease)
 
Quarter-versus-Quarter Volume Increase / (Decrease)
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
% Change
 
 
Amount
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Food grade alcohol (a)
$
56,957

 
$
57,039

 
$
(82
)
 
(0.1
)%
 
 
 
Fuel grade alcohol (a)
1,778

 
1,954

 
(176
)
 
(9.0
)
 
 
 
Distillers feed and related co-products
5,805

 
6,157

 
(352
)
 
(5.7
)
 
 
 
Warehouse revenue
2,124

 
1,563

 
561

 
35.9

 
 
 
Total distillery products
$
66,664

 
$
66,713

 
$
(49
)
 
(0.1
)%
 
(7.7
)%
(a)  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Financial Information
 
 
 
 
Quarter Ended September 30,
 
Quarter-versus-Quarter Increase / (Decrease)
 
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
$
12,364

 
$
10,372

 
$
1,992

 
19.2
 %
 
 
 
Gross margin %
18.5
%
 
15.5
%
 


 
3.0

pp (b)
 
 

(a) Volume change for alcohol products.
(b) Percentage points ("pp").


Driven by strong demand for our premium bourbon and rye whiskeys, net sales of higher margin premium beverage alcohol products within food grade alcohol increased 16.1 percent over the year-ago quarter, while lower margin industrial alcohol product net sales decreased 21.8 percent , resulting in an overall food grade alcohol net sales decrease of $82 , or 0.1 percent . Declines in net sales of distillers feed and related co-products and fuel grade alcohol products were partially offset by an increase in warehouse revenue, generated by increased storage of customer barrels of whiskey.
Gross profit increased quarter-versus-quarter by $1,992 , or 19.2 percent . Gross margin for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 increased to 18.5 percent from 15.5 percent for the prior year quarter, which was primarily due to the continuing shift in sales mix within food grade alcohol from lower margin industrial alcohol products to higher margin premium beverage alcohol products, a decline in input costs, and an increase in warehouse revenue.


24



The following table shows selected financial information for our distillery products segment for the year to date periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 .
 
PRODUCT GROUP NET SALES
 
 
Year to date Ended September 30,
 
Period-versus-Period Net Sales Change Increase / (Decrease)
 
Period-versus-Period Volume Increase / (Decrease)
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
% Change
 
 
Amount
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Food grade alcohol (a)
$
168,769

 
$
170,640

 
$
(1,871
)
 
(1.1
)%
 
 
 
Fuel grade alcohol (a)
5,345

 
5,927

 
(582
)
 
(9.8
)
 
 
 
Distillers feed and related co-products
17,000

 
20,411

 
(3,411
)
 
(16.7
)
 
 
 
Warehouse revenue
6,131

 
4,564

 
1,567

 
34.3

 
 
 
Total distillery products
$
197,245

 
$
201,542

 
$
(4,297
)
 
(2.1
)%
 
(10.1
)%
(a)  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Financial Information
 
 
 
 
Year to date Ended September 30,
 
Period-versus-Period Increase / (Decrease)
 
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
$
40,879

 
$
35,506

 
$
5,373

 
15.1
 %
 
 
 
Gross margin %
20.7
%
 
17.6
%
 


 
3.1

pp (b)
 
 

(a) Volume change for alcohol products.
(b) Percentage points ("pp").


Driven by strong demand for our premium bourbon and rye whiskeys, net sales of higher margin premium beverage alcohol products within food grade alcohol increased 16.7 percent over the year-ago period, while lower margin industrial alcohol product net sales decreased 22.9 percent , resulting in an overall food grade alcohol net sales decrease of $1,871 , or 1.1 percent . Declines in net sales of distillers feed and related co-products and fuel grade alcohol products were partially offset by an increase in warehouse revenue, generated by increased storage of customer barrels of whiskey.
Gross profit increased period-versus-period by $5,373 , or 15.1 percent . Gross margin for the year to date period ended September 30, 2016 increased to 20.7 percent from 17.6 percent for the year ago period, which was primarily due to the continuing shift in sales mix within food grade alcohol from lower margin industrial alcohol products to higher margin premium beverage alcohol products, a decline in input costs, and an increase in warehouse revenue.




25



INGREDIENT SOLUTIONS

The following table shows selected financial information for our ingredient solutions segment for the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 .
 
PRODUCT GROUP NET SALES
 
Quarter Ended September 30,
 
Quarter-versus-Quarter Net Sales Change Increase / (Decrease)
 
Quarter-versus-Quarter Volume Increase / (Decrease)
 
2016
 
2015
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
% Change
 
Amount
 
Amount
 
 
 
Specialty wheat starches
$
7,080

 
$
7,523

 
$
(443
)
 
(5.9
)%
 


Specialty wheat proteins
4,188

 
4,165

 
23

 
0.6

 


Commodity wheat starch
1,725

 
1,575

 
150

 
9.5

 
 
Commodity wheat protein
234

 
352

 
(118
)
 
(33.5
)
 
 
Total ingredient solutions
$
13,227

 
$
13,615

 
$
(388
)
 
(2.8
)%
 
4.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Financial Information
 
 
 
Quarter Ended September 30,
 
Quarter-versus-Quarter Increase / (Decrease)
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
$
2,757

 
$
1,490

 
$
1,267

 
85.0
 %
 
 
Gross margin %
20.8
%
 
10.9
%
 


 
9.9

pp (a)
 

(a) Percentage points ("pp").


Total ingredient solutions net sales for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 decreased by $388 , or 2.8 percent , compared to the prior year quarter. This decline was driven by a lower average selling price, partially offset by increased product net sales volume. The average selling price decline is due to the continuing challenging price environment for this segment. Net sales of specialty wheat starches and commodity wheat protein decreased, while net sales of commodity wheat starch and specialty wheat proteins increased, quarter-versus-quarter.
Gross profit increased quarter-versus-quarter by $1,267 , or 85.0 percent . Gross margin for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 increased to 20.8 percent from 10.9 percent for the prior year quarter, primarily due to improved plant efficiencies, a decline in input costs, and an increase in product net sales volume, partially offset by a lower average selling price.



26



The following table shows selected financial information for our ingredient solutions segment for the year to date periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 .
 
PRODUCT GROUP NET SALES
 
Year to date Ended September 30,
 
Period-versus-Period Net Sales Change Increase / (Decrease)
 
Period-versus-Period Volume Increase / (Decrease)
 
2016
 
2015
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
% Change
 
Amount
 
Amount
 
 
 
Specialty wheat starches
$
20,007

 
$
23,779

 
$
(3,772
)
 
(15.9
)%
 


Specialty wheat proteins
13,960

 
14,176

 
(216
)
 
(1.5
)
 


Commodity wheat starch
5,252

 
5,206

 
46

 
0.9

 
 
Commodity wheat protein
654

 
1,392

 
(738
)
 
(53.0
)
 
 
Total ingredient solutions
$
39,873

 
$
44,553

 
$
(4,680
)
 
(10.5
)
 
(5.4
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Financial Information
 
 
 
Year to date Ended September 30,
 
Period-versus-Period Increase / (Decrease)
 
 
 
2016