Quarterly Report


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017
 
Commission file number 000-26621
IMAGE0.JPG
NIC INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
52-2077581
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
25501 West Valley Parkway, Suite 300, Olathe, Kansas 66061
(Address of principal executive offices, including Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:   (877) 234-3468


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  ý No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes ý No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer  ý
Accelerated filer   o
Non-accelerated filer   o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company  o
Emerging growth company   o
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes  o No  ý

As of October 17, 2017 , the number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, was 66,269,182 .
 

1


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NIC INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
thousands except par value amount

 
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
ASSETS
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash
 
$
152,297

 
$
127,009

Trade accounts receivable, net
 
83,767

 
82,722

Prepaid expenses & other current assets
 
11,780

 
15,033

Total current assets
 
247,844

 
224,764

Property and equipment, net
 
9,325

 
9,726

Intangible assets, net
 
4,866

 
3,588

Deferred income taxes, net
 
1,584

 
2,307

Other assets
 
1,992

 
477

Total assets
 
$
265,611

 
$
240,862

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
 
$
67,345

 
$
73,252

Accrued expenses
 
24,880

 
23,395

Other current liabilities
 
3,810

 
3,150

Total current liabilities
 
96,035

 
99,797

 
 
 
 
 
Other long-term liabilities
 
7,968

 
7,162

Total liabilities
 
104,003

 
106,959

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Notes 1 and 2)
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders' equity:
 
 

 
 

Common stock, $0.0001 par, 200,000 shares authorized,
66,268 and 65,982 shares issued and outstanding
 
7

 
7

Additional paid-in capital
 
110,103

 
106,669

Retained earnings
 
51,498

 
27,227

Total stockholders' equity
 
161,608

 
133,903

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
$
265,611

 
$
240,862

 
The accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

2


NIC INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(UNAUDITED)
thousands except per share amount
 
 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
 
Revenues:
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Portal revenues
 
$
76,434

 
$
74,997

 
$
232,963

 
$
223,707

Software & services revenues
 
8,099

 
5,376

 
20,073

 
15,866

Total revenues
 
84,533

 
80,373

 
253,036

 
239,573

Operating expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cost of portal revenues, exclusive of depreciation & amortization
 
47,377

 
45,140

 
143,326

 
134,878

Cost of software & services revenues, exclusive of depreciation & amortization
 
3,169

 
1,495

 
6,803

 
4,353

Selling & administrative
 
12,091

 
11,676

 
36,882

 
34,183

Depreciation & amortization
 
1,810

 
1,674

 
5,111

 
5,074

Total operating expenses
 
64,447

 
59,985

 
192,122

 
178,488

Operating income before income taxes
 
20,086

 
20,388

 
60,914

 
61,085

Income tax provision (Notes 1 and 6)
 
6,066

 
4,153

 
20,140

 
18,895

Net income
 
$
14,020

 
$
16,235

 
$
40,774

 
$
42,190

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per share
 
$
0.21

 
$
0.24

 
$
0.61

 
$
0.63

Diluted net income per share
 
$
0.21

 
$
0.24

 
$
0.61

 
$
0.63

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
 
66,267

 
65,978

 
66,188

 
65,890

Diluted
 
66,267

 
66,005

 
66,188

 
65,915

 
The accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

3



NIC INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(UNAUDITED)
thousands

 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Total
Balance, January 1, 2017 (previously reported)
 
65,982

 
7

 
106,669

 
27,227

 
133,903

Cumulative effect of adoption of new
accounting standard
 

 

 
409

 
(409
)
 

Balance, January 1, 2017 (as adjusted)
 
65,982

 
7

 
107,078

 
26,818

 
133,903

Net income
 

 

 

 
40,774

 
40,774

Restricted stock vestings
 
324

 

 
107

 

 
107

Dividends declared
 

 

 

 
(16,043
)
 
(16,043
)
Dividend equivalents on performance-based restricted stock awards
 

 

 

 
(82
)
 
(82
)
Dividend equivalents cancelled upon forfeiture of restricted stock to satisfy tax withholdings
 

 

 

 
31

 
31

Shares issuable in lieu of dividend payments on unvested performance-based restricted stock awards
 

 

 
(56
)
 

 
(56
)
Shares surrendered and cancelled upon vesting of restricted stock to satisfy tax withholdings
 
(125
)
 

 
(2,651
)
 

 
(2,651
)
Stock-based compensation
 

 

 
4,295

 

 
4,295

Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan
 
87

 

 
1,330

 

 
1,330

Balance, September 30, 2017
 
66,268

 
7

 
110,103

 
51,498

 
161,608

 
The accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

4


NIC INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
thousands
 
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
(as adjusted)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
40,774

 
$
42,190

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 

Provision for losses on accounts receivable
 
447

 
28

Depreciation & amortization
 
5,111

 
5,074

Stock-based compensation expense
 
4,295

 
4,402

Deferred income taxes
 
723

 
(383
)
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
 

 
435

Loss on disposal of property and equipment
 
44

 
7

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

(Increase) in trade accounts receivable, net
 
(1,492
)
 
(1,688
)
(Increase) decrease in prepaid expenses & other current assets
 
3,253

 
(1,866
)
(Increase) in other assets
 
(1,515
)
 
(31
)
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable
 
(5,907
)
 
10,192

Increase (decrease) in accrued expenses
 
1,397

 
(363
)
Increase in other current liabilities
 
660

 
155

Increase in other long-term liabilities
 
806

 
1,564

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
48,596

 
59,716


 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Purchases of property and equipment
 
(3,319
)
 
(3,927
)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
 
7

 
6

Capitalized internal use software development costs
 
(2,632
)
 
(1,762
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(5,944
)
 
(5,683
)

 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 

 
 

Cash dividends on common stock
 
(16,043
)
 

Proceeds from employee common stock purchases
 
1,330

 
1,114

Tax withholdings related to stock-based compensation awards
 
(2,651
)
 
(2,105
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(17,364
)
 
(991
)

 
 
 
 
Net increase in cash
 
25,288

 
53,042

Cash, beginning of period
 
127,009

 
98,388

Cash, end of period
 
$
152,297

 
$
151,430


 
 
 
 
Other cash flow information:
 
 

 
 

Non-cash investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Capital expenditures accrued but not yet paid
 
$
88

 
$

Cash payments:
 
 

 
 

Income taxes paid
 
$
18,490

 
$
17,268

Cash dividends on common stock previously restricted for payment of dividend
 
$

 
$
36,456

  The accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

5


NIC INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements of NIC Inc. and its subsidiaries (“NIC” or “the Company”) included herein have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In management’s opinion, the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments, except as disclosed) necessary to present fairly the consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Company and its subsidiaries as of the dates and for the interim periods presented. These Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes should be read in conjunction with the Audited Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 , filed with the SEC on February 22, 2017, and Part I, Item 2, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in this Form 10-Q. The consolidated balance sheet data included herein as of December 31, 2016 was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The results of operations for the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2017 .

1.  THE COMPANY AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The Company

NIC is a leading provider of digital government services that help governments use technology to provide a higher level of service to businesses and citizens and increase efficiencies. The Company accomplishes this currently through two channels: its primary outsourced portal businesses and its software & services businesses.

In its primary outsourced portal businesses, the Company generally designs, builds, and operates internet-based portals on an enterprise-wide basis on behalf of state and local governments desiring to provide access to government information and to complete secure government-based transactions through multiple online channels, including mobile devices. These portals consist of websites and applications the Company has built that allow businesses and citizens to access government information online and complete transactions, such as applying for a permit, retrieving government records, or filing a government-mandated form or report. Typically operating under multiple-year contracts (See Note 2), NIC markets the services and solicits users to complete government-based transactions and to enter into subscriber contracts permitting users to access the portal and the government information contained therein in exchange for transactional and/or subscription user fees. The Company typically manages operations for each contractual relationship through separate local subsidiaries that operate as decentralized businesses with a high degree of autonomy. NIC’s business model allows the Company to generate revenues by sharing in the fees the Company collects from online transactions. The Company is typically responsible for funding the up-front investments and ongoing operations and maintenance costs of the outsourced government portals.

The Company’s software & services businesses primarily include its subsidiaries that provide software development and digital government services, other than outsourced portal services, to state and local governments as well as federal agencies (See Note 2).  

Basis of presentation

The Company classifies its revenues and cost of revenues into two categories: (1) portal and (2) software & services. The portal category generally includes revenues and cost of revenues from the Company’s subsidiaries operating outsourced portals on behalf of state and local governments. The software & services category primarily includes revenues and cost of revenues from the Company’s subsidiaries that provide software development and services, other than outsourced portal services, to state and local governments as well as federal agencies. The primary categories of operating expenses include: cost of portal revenues, cost of software & services revenues, selling & administrative and depreciation & amortization. Cost of portal revenues consists of all direct costs associated with operating government portals on an outsourced basis including employee compensation and benefits (including stock-based compensation), fees required to process credit/debit card and automated clearinghouse transactions, subcontractor labor costs, telecommunications, provision for losses on accounts receivable, and all other costs associated with the provision of dedicated client service such as dedicated facilities.  Cost of software & services revenues consists of all direct project

6


costs to provide software development and services such as employee compensation and benefits (including stock-based compensation), subcontractor labor costs, and all other direct project costs including hardware, software, materials, travel and other out-of-pocket expenses. Selling & administrative expenses consist primarily of corporate-level expenses relating to human resource management, administration, information technology, security, legal, finance and accounting, internal audit and all non-customer service related costs from the Company’s software & services businesses, including compensation and benefits, information systems and office rent. Selling & administrative expenses also consist of management incentive compensation, including stock-based compensation, and corporate-level expenses for market development and public relations.

Certain amounts included in the unaudited consolidated statement of cash flows for the nine- month period ended September 30, 2016 were reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. The reclassifications had no effect on total cash flows for the nine- month period ended September 30, 2016 .

Adoption of accounting standard

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new authoritative literature, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2016-09”), which simplifies several aspects of accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, and statutory tax withholding requirements, as well as classification in the statement of cash flows. The Company adopted the standard on January 1, 2017, which is effective for the annual reporting period beginning January 1, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. Adoption of the standard resulted in a decrease in retained earnings of approximately $0.4 million and a corresponding increase in additional paid-in capital in the Company’s unaudited consolidated balance sheet at January 1, 2017, reflecting a cumulative-effect adjustment associated with the Company’s policy election to account for forfeitures of awards as they occur. Previously, the Company estimated and excluded compensation cost related to awards not expected to vest based on estimated forfeitures. Furthermore, changes in presentation as a result of the adoption of ASU 2016-09 increased both cash provided by operating activities and cash used in financing activities by approximately $2.5 million in the Company’s unaudited consolidated statement of cash flows for the nine- month period ended September 30, 2016 .

Upon adoption of ASU 2016-09, excess tax benefits or deficiencies from share-based award activity are reflected in the consolidated statement of income prospectively as a component of the provision for income taxes, whereas previously such benefits or deficiencies were recognized in additional paid-in capital in the consolidated balance sheet. Excess tax benefits resulted in a reduction of the Company’s provision for income taxes of approximately $0.5 million for the nine- month period ended September 30, 2017 .

Earnings per share

Unvested share-based payment awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents (whether paid or unpaid) are participating securities and are included in the computation of earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method for all periods presented. The two-class method is an earnings allocation formula that treats a participating security as having rights to undistributed earnings that would otherwise have been available to common stockholders. The Company’s service-based restricted stock awards contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends and are participating securities. Accordingly, service-based restricted stock awards were included in the calculation of earnings per share using the two-class method for all periods presented. Unvested service-based restricted shares totaled approximately 0.6 million for each of the periods ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 . Basic earnings per share is calculated by first allocating earnings between common stockholders and participating securities. Earnings attributable to common stockholders are divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by giving effect to dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. The dilutive effect of shares related to the Company’s employee stock purchase plan is determined based on the treasury stock method. The dilutive effect of service-based restricted stock awards is based on the more dilutive of the treasury stock method or the two-class method assuming a reallocation of undistributed earnings to common stockholders after considering the dilutive effect of potential common shares other than the participating unvested restricted stock awards. The dilutive effect of performance-based restricted stock awards is based on the treasury stock method.


7


The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
14,020

 
$
16,235

 
$
40,774

 
$
42,190

Less: Income allocated to participating securities
 
(129
)
 
(141
)
 
(381
)
 
(376
)
Net income available to common stockholders
 
$
13,891

 
$
16,094

 
$
40,393

 
$
41,814

Denominator:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Weighted average shares - basic
 
66,267

 
65,978

 
66,188

 
65,890

Performance-based restricted stock awards
 

 
27

 

 
25

Weighted average shares - diluted
 
66,267

 
66,005

 
66,188

 
65,915

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per share:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net income
 
$
0.21

 
$
0.24

 
$
0.61

 
$
0.63

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net income per share:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net income
 
$
0.21

 
$
0.24

 
$
0.61

 
$
0.63

 
Concentration of credit risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and accounts receivable. The Company limits its exposure to credit loss by depositing its cash with high credit quality financial institutions and monitoring the financial stability of those institutions. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) provides deposit insurance coverage up to $250,000 per depositor for deposit accounts at each FDIC-insured depository institution. At September 30, 2017 , the amount of cash covered by FDIC deposit insurance was approximately $8.4 million , and approximately $143.9 million of cash was above the FDIC deposit insurance limit. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and generally requires no collateral to secure accounts receivable.

Recently issued accounting pronouncements

Credit Losses

In June 2016, the FASB issued a new standard to replace the incurred loss impairment methodology in current U.S. GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. For trade and other receivables, the Company will be required to use a forward-looking expected loss model rather than the incurred loss model for recognizing credit losses which reflects losses that are probable. The new standard will be effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2020, with early adoption permitted beginning January 1, 2019. Application of the amendments is through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the effective date. The Company is currently evaluating the new standard and the estimated impact it will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued a new standard related to leases to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by requiring the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet. Most prominent among the amendments is the recognition of assets and liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under current U.S. GAAP. Under the new standard, disclosures are required to meet the objective of enabling users of financial statements to assess the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases.

The standard is effective for the annual reporting period beginning January 1, 2019, including interim periods within that reporting period. The Company will be required to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. Early application is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effects that the standard will have on its consolidated financial statements, which the Company anticipates could be significant, due mainly to its non-

8


cancellable leases for office space. As further described in Note 7, Commitments and Contingencies, of  the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 , filed with the SEC on February 22, 2017, as of December 31, 2016 , the Company had minimum lease commitments under non-cancellable operating leases totaling $17.9 million .

Revenue from Contracts with Customers

In May 2014, the FASB issued a new standard related to revenue recognition (“ASC 606”). Under the new standard, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services in an amount that reflects the consideration which the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. In addition, the standard requires expanded disclosure of the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. The FASB has issued several amendments to the standard, including clarification on accounting for licenses of intellectual property and identifying performance obligations.

The guidance permits two methods of adoption: retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented (full retrospective method), or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance recognized in retained earnings on the Company’s balance sheet at the date of initial application (the modified retrospective approach). The standard is effective for the annual reporting period beginning January 1, 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period. The Company currently anticipates that it will adopt the standard using the modified retrospective approach in the first quarter of 2018.

The Company has established an implementation team that has completed an initial impact assessment of the new standard. The percentages of revenue noted below are based on the Company’s last full fiscal year (2016), and the Company does not currently expect these percentages to significantly change in fiscal years 2017 and 2018. Based upon its initial assessment, the Company identified three primary revenue sources:

Transaction-based: this source primarily consists of transaction-based fees from interactive government services (“IGS”), driver history records (“DHR”) and other revenues streams. Transaction-based fees accounted for approximately 94% of the Company’s total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2016.
Portal software development and services: this source primarily consists of the performance of project-based, application development and other time & materials services for the Company’s government partners. These services accounted for approximately 4% of the Company’s total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2016.
Portal management and other fixed fee services: this source primarily consists of recurring fixed fee portal management services for the Company’s government partner in Indiana and subscription-based fees. These services accounted for approximately 2% of the Company’s total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2016.

The Company is in the process of completing contract reviews for each of its three primary revenue sources and currently expects that its revenue recognition policies for all transaction-based fees and portal management and other fixed fees will remain substantially unchanged under ASC 606. Based on the varying terms of the Company’s portal software development and services contracts, revenue may be recognized under the new standard either over time using an input or output method as services are provided or upon completion of a project, depending upon the terms of the specific contract. Recognizing such revenue over time (as opposed to at a point in time upon customer acceptance or completion of a project-based milestone) will represent a change under ASC 606. However, because the Company’s portal software development and services projects are typically short-term in nature and represent a relatively small portion of its total consolidated revenues, the Company does not currently expect any changes to its revenue recognition policy to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements in any annual or quarterly period. Currently, the population of software development and services contracts that will not be complete as of the January 1, 2018 adoption date of ASC 606 is not yet known. Should the Company have any existing or new software development and services agreements not substantially complete as of December 31, 2017, there is a possibility that the revenue under such agreements could be reflected in the cumulative adjustment to retained earnings on the Company’s balance sheet upon adoption of ASC 606 as of January 1, 2018 and not reflected as revenue in the Company’s consolidated statements of income in either 2017 or 2018.

Based on its initial assessment of the standard, the Company does not currently expect changes to the accounting treatment for costs to obtain contracts or principal versus agent considerations.

The Company continues to finalize its analysis of the new standard and is also in the process of quantifying the impact of the expected changes in accounting policy to the portal software development and services revenue stream and implementing changes to processes (including the determination of which practical expedients may be used, if any), disclosures and internal controls in preparation for adoption of the new standard. The Company will continue to monitor the work of standard setters, including any impacts from the recently issued amendments, and consider the interpretive efforts of non-authoritative groups.


9


2.  OUTSOURCED GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS

The Company’s outsourced government portal contracts generally have an initial multi-year term with provisions for renewals for various periods at the option of the government. The Company’s primary business obligation under these contracts is generally to design, build, and operate internet-based portals on an enterprise-wide basis on behalf of governments desiring to provide access to government information and to complete government-based transactions online. NIC typically markets the services and solicits users to complete government-based transactions and to enter into subscriber contracts permitting the user to access the portal and the government information contained therein in exchange for transactional and/or subscription user fees. The Company enters into statements of work with various agencies and divisions of the government to provide specific services and to conduct specific transactions. These statements of work preliminarily establish the pricing of the online transactions and data access services the Company provides and the division of revenues between the Company and the government agency. The government oversight authority must approve prices and revenue sharing agreements. The Company has limited control over the level of fees it is permitted to retain.

The Company is typically responsible for funding the up-front investments and ongoing operations and maintenance costs of the government portals, and generally owns all of the intellectual property in connection with the applications developed under these contracts. After completion of a defined contract term, the government partner typically receives a perpetual, royalty-free license to use the applications and digital government services built by the Company only in its own state. However, certain proprietary customer management, billing, payment processing and other software applications that the Company has developed and standardized centrally and that are utilized by the Company’s portal businesses, are being provided to a number of government partners on a software-as-a-service (“SaaS”) basis, and thus would not be included in any royalty-free license. If the Company’s contract expires after a defined term or if its contract is terminated by a government partner for cause, the government agency would be entitled to take over the portal in place, and NIC would have no future revenue from, or obligation to, such former government partner, except as otherwise provided in the contract.

Any renewal of these contracts beyond the initial term by the government is optional and a government may terminate its contract prior to the expiration date if the Company breaches a material contractual obligation and fails to cure such breach within a specified period or upon the occurrence of other events or circumstances specified in the contract. In addition, 14 contracts under which the Company provides enterprise-wide outsourced portal and digital government services, as well as the Company’s contract with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (“FMCSA”), can be terminated by the other party without cause on a specified period of notice. Collectively, revenues generated from these contracts represented approximately 60% of the Company’s total consolidated revenues for each of the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2017 . In the event that any of these contracts is terminated without cause, the terms of the respective contract may require the government to pay the Company a fee in order to continue to use the Company’s applications in its portal.

Under a typical portal contract, the Company is required to fully indemnify its government clients against claims that the Company’s services infringe upon the intellectual property rights of others and against claims arising from the Company’s performance or the performance of the Company’s subcontractors under the contract. At September 30, 2017 , the Company was bound by performance bond commitments totaling approximately $5.8 million on certain outsourced portal contracts.


10


The following is a list of the contracts in each state through which the Company has the ability to provide enterprise-wide outsourced digital government services to multiple government agencies:

NIC Enterprise Contract
 
State
 
Year Services
Commenced
 
Contract Expiration Date
(Renewal Options Through)
NICUSA, IL Division
 
Illinois
 
2017
 
6/29/2023 (6/29/2027)
Louisiana Interactive, LLC
 
Louisiana
 
2015
 
1/28/2020
Connecticut Interactive, LLC
 
Connecticut
 
2014
 
1/9/2020
Wisconsin Interactive Network, LLC
 
Wisconsin
 
2013
 
5/13/2018 (5/13/2023)
Pennsylvania Interactive, LLC
 
Pennsylvania
 
2012
 
11/30/2019 (11/30/2022)
NICUSA, OR Division
 
Oregon
 
2011
 
11/22/2021
NICUSA, MD Division 
 
Maryland
 
2011
 
8/10/2018 (8/10/2019)
Mississippi Interactive, LLC
 
Mississippi
 
2011
 
12/31/2017 (12/31/2021)
New Jersey Interactive, LLC
 
New Jersey
 
2009
 
5/1/2020 (5/1/2022)
Texas NICUSA, LLC
 
Texas
 
2009
 
8/31/2018
West Virginia Interactive, LLC
 
West Virginia
 
2007
 
6/30/2021 (6/30/2024)
Vermont Information Consortium, LLC
 
Vermont
 
2006
 
6/8/2019
Colorado Interactive, LLC
 
Colorado
 
2005
 
4/30/2019 (4/30/2023)
South Carolina Interactive, LLC
 
South Carolina
 
2005
 
7/15/2019 (7/15/2021)
Kentucky Interactive, LLC
 
Kentucky
 
2003
 
8/31/2018
Alabama Interactive, LLC
 
Alabama
 
2002
 
3/19/2020 (3/19/2022)
Rhode Island Interactive, LLC
 
Rhode Island
 
2001
 
7/1/2018 (7/1/2019)
Oklahoma Interactive, LLC
 
Oklahoma
 
2001
 
3/31/2018 (3/31/2020)
Montana Interactive, LLC
 
Montana
 
2001
 
12/31/2019 (12/31/2020)
Hawaii Information Consortium, LLC
 
Hawaii
 
2000
 
1/3/2019 (3-yr renewal options)
Idaho Information Consortium, LLC
 
Idaho
 
2000
 
6/30/2018
Utah Interactive, LLC
 
Utah
 
1999
 
6/5/2019
Maine Information Network, LLC
 
Maine
 
1999
 
7/1/2018
Arkansas Information Consortium, LLC
 
Arkansas
 
1997
 
6/30/2018
Indiana Interactive, LLC
 
Indiana
 
1995
 
10/24/2021 (10/24/2025)
Nebraska Interactive, LLC
 
Nebraska
 
1995
 
4/1/2019 (4/1/2021)
Kansas Information Consortium, LLC
 
Kansas
 
1992
 
12/31/2022 (annual 1-yr renewal options)

Outsourced federal contract

The Company’s subsidiary NIC Federal, LLC has a contract with the FMCSA to develop and manage the FMCSA’s Pre-Employment Screening Program (“PSP”) for motor carriers nationwide, using a transaction-based business model. During the third quarter of 2017, the FMCSA exercised the second of its two one -year renewal options, extending the current contract through August 31, 2018 . The contract can be terminated by the FMCSA without cause on a specified period of notice.

Expiring contracts

There are currently 12 contracts under which the Company provides enterprise-wide outsourced portal and digital government services that have expiration dates within the 12-month period following September 30, 2017 . Collectively, revenues generated from these contracts represented approximately 49% of the Company’s total consolidated revenues for each of the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2017 . Although certain of these contracts have renewal provisions, any renewal is at the option of the Company’s government partner. As described above, if a contract is not renewed after a defined term, the government partner would be entitled to take over the portal in place, and NIC would have no future revenue from, or obligation to, such former government partner, except as otherwise provided in the contract.


11


The contract under which the Company’s subsidiary, NICUSA Inc. (“NICUSA”), managed digital government services for the state of Tennessee expired on March 31, 2017 . For the nine- month period ended September 30, 2017 revenues from the Tennessee portal contract were approximately $1.8 million , compared to $1.7 million and $5.9 million in the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2016 , respectively.

The contract under which the Company’s subsidiary, Iowa Interactive, LLC managed digital government services for the state of Iowa expired on November 30, 2016 . For the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2016 , revenues from the Iowa portal contract were approximately $0.5 million and $1.4 million , respectively.

3.  STOCK BASED COMPENSATION

During the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2017 , the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company granted to certain management-level employees and executive officers, service-based restricted stock awards totaling 17,548 shares and 248,395 shares, respectively, with a grant-date fair value totaling approximately $0.3 million and $5.5 million , respectively. Such restricted stock awards vest beginning one year from the date of grant in annual installments of 25% . In addition, during the second quarter of 2017, non-employee directors of the Company were granted service-based restricted stock awards totaling 37,464 shares with a grant-date fair value totaling approximately $0.8 million . Such restricted stock awards vest one year from the date of grant. Restricted stock is valued at the date of grant, based on the closing market price of the Company’s common stock, and expensed using the straight-line method over the requisite service period (generally the vesting period of the award). The Company records forfeitures when they occur.

During the first quarter of 2017, the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company also granted to certain executive officers performance-based restricted stock awards pursuant to the terms of the Company’s executive compensation program totaling 110,678 shares with a grant-date fair value totaling approximately $2.4 million , which represents the maximum number of shares the executive officers can earn at the end of a three -year performance period ending December 31, 2019

The actual number of shares earned will be based on the Company’s performance related to the following performance criteria over the performance period:
Operating income growth (three-year compound annual growth rate);
Total consolidated revenue growth (three-year compound annual growth rate); and
Return on invested capital (three-year average).

At the end of the three -year period, the executive officers are eligible to receive up to a specified number of shares based upon the Company’s performance relative to these performance criteria over the performance period. In addition, the executive officers will accrue dividend equivalents for any cash dividends declared during the performance period, payable in the form of additional shares of Company common stock, based upon the maximum number of shares to be earned by the executive officers for each performance-based restricted stock award. Such hypothetical cash dividend payment shall be divided by the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the dividend payment date to determine the maximum number of notional shares to be awarded. At the end of the three -year performance period and on the date some or all of the shares are paid under the agreement, a pro rata number of notional dividend shares will be converted into an equivalent number of dividend shares paid and granted to the executive officers based upon the actual number of underlying shares earned during the performance period.

At December 31, 2016, the three -year performance period related to the performance-based restricted stock awards granted to certain executive officers on February 24, 2014 ended. Based on the Company’s actual financial results from 2014 through 2016, 59,437 of the shares subject to the awards and 4,945 dividend shares were earned. The remaining 21,503 shares subject to the awards were forfeited in the first quarter of 2017.

Stock-based compensation cost for performance-based restricted stock awards is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of shares expected to be earned at the end of the performance period, and is recognized as expense over the performance period based upon the probable number of shares expected to vest.


12


The following table presents stock-based compensation expense included in the Company’s unaudited consolidated statements of income (in thousands):
 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Cost of portal revenues, exclusive of depreciation & amortization
 
$
319

 
$
320

 
$
976

 
$
1,102

Cost of software & services revenues, exclusive of depreciation & amortization
 
22

 
15

 
66

 
47

Selling & administrative
 
776

 
1,062

 
3,253

 
3,253

Stock-based compensation expense before income taxes
 
1,117

 
1,397

 
4,295

 
4,402

Income tax benefit
 
(337
)
 
(285
)
 
(1,420
)
 
(1,362
)
Net stock-based compensation expense
 
$
780

 
$
1,112

 
$
2,875

 
$
3,040

  
4.  STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Dividends

On October 30, 2017 , the Company’s Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.08 per share, payable to stockholders of record as of December 5, 2017 . The dividend, which is expected to total approximately $5.4 million , will be paid on December 19, 2017 out of the Company’s available cash.  A dividend equivalent of $0.08 per share will also be paid simultaneously on the unvested shares of service-based restricted stock.

On July 31, 2017 , the Company’s Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.08 per share, payable to stockholders of record as of September 6, 2017 . The dividend, totaling approximately $5.4 million , was paid on September 20, 2017 on 66,267,810 outstanding shares of common stock. A dividend equivalent of $0.08 per share was also paid simultaneously on 620,115 unvested shares of service-based restricted stock. This dividend was paid out of the Company’s available cash.

On May 2, 2017 , the Company’s Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.08 per share, payable to stockholders of record as of June 6, 2017 . The dividend, totaling approximately $5.3 million , was paid on June 20, 2017 on 66,264,853 outstanding shares of common stock.  A dividend equivalent of $0.08 per share was also paid simultaneously on 613,524 unvested shares of service-based restricted stock. This dividend was paid out of the Company’s available cash.

On January 30, 2017 , the Company’s Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.08 per share, payable to stockholders of record as of March 7, 2017 . The dividend, totaling approximately $5.3 million , was paid on March 21, 2017 on 66,131,192 outstanding shares of common stock.  A dividend equivalent of $0.08 per share was also paid simultaneously on 643,339 unvested shares of service-based restricted stock. This dividend was paid out of the Company’s available cash.

5.  DEBT OBLIGATIONS AND COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS

On April 28, 2017, NIC Inc. (the “Company”) entered into Amendment No. 3 to Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Amendment’), which amends the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of August 6, 2014, by and between the Company and Bank of America, N.A. (the “Credit Agreement”).  The Amendment extended the maturity date to May 1, 2019. The other material terms of the Credit Agreement remain unchanged, including customary representations and warranties, affirmative and negative covenants and events of default.
  

13


6.  INCOME TAXES

The following table reconciles the statutory federal tax rate and the Company's effective tax rate for the periods indicated:

 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Statutory federal income tax rate
 
35.0
 %
 
35.0
 %
 
35.0
 %
 
35.0
 %
Domestic production activities deductions
 
(2.6
)%
 
(15.7
)%
 
(2.7
)%
 
(5.2
)%
Federal and state tax credits
 
(3.8
)%
 
(4.2
)%
 
(2.1
)%
 
(2.2
)%
Excess tax deductions
 
(0.1
)%
 
 %
 
(0.8
)%
 
 %
State income taxes
 
1.6
 %
 
1.9
 %
 
1.7
 %
 
2.0
 %
Uncertain tax positions
 
(0.2
)%
 
4.3
 %
 
1.4
 %
 
2.2
 %
Nondeductible and other expenses
 
0.3
 %
 
(0.9
)%
 
0.6
 %
 
(0.9
)%
Effective federal and state income tax rate
 
30.2
 %
 
20.4
 %
 
33.1
 %
 
30.9
 %

The Company's effective tax rate was approximately 30% and 33% for the three- and nine- months ended September 30, 2017 , respectively. The Company's effective tax rate for the three-month period ended September 30, 2017 reflects an increase in the previously estimated research and development tax credit for the 2016 and 2017 tax years upon the filing of the Company's 2016 federal tax return during the current quarter and released reserves to the Company's liability for unrecognized income tax benefits due to the expiration of the statute of limitations for certain tax years. For the nine-months ended September 30, 2017, the Company's effective tax rate was also favorably impacted by benefits related to excess tax deductions for the vesting of restricted stock awards, which the Company began recognizing in the provision for income taxes in the first quarter of 2017 upon the adoption of ASU 2016-09 (See Note 1).

The Company's effective tax rate was approximately 20% and 31% for the three- and nine- months ended September 30, 2016, respectively. The Company's lower effective tax rate in 2016 was mainly due to favorable benefits related to the domestic production activities deduction, the federal research and development tax credit, and an adjustment to certain deferred tax liabilities related to a previous acquisition of a business. During the third quarter of 2016, the Company completed its study of qualifying activities for the domestic production activities deduction and began recognizing tax benefits for the deduction upon the filing of its fiscal 2015 federal income tax return. The Company recognized tax benefits, included in its income tax provision for 2016, of approximately $1.4 million for the 2015 tax year and approximately $1.0 million for the first nine months of the 2016 tax year, related to the domestic production activities deduction.

The Company’s liability for unrecognized income tax benefits included in other long-term liabilities in the unaudited consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2017 and the consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2016 was approximately $7.5 million and $6.6 million , respectively. The increase in the amount of the liability for unrecognized income tax benefits in 2017 was mainly due to the domestic production activities deduction recognized during the nine- month period ended September 30, 2017 .


14


7.  REPORTABLE SEGMENT AND RELATED INFORMATION

The Outsourced Portals segment is the Company’s only reportable segment and generally includes the Company’s subsidiaries operating outsourced state and local government portals. The Other Software & Services category primarily includes the Company’s subsidiaries that provide software development and digital government services, other than outsourced portal services, to state and local governments as well as federal agencies. Each of the Company’s businesses within the Other Software & Services category is an operating segment and has been grouped together to form the Other Software & Services category, as none of the operating segments meets the quantitative threshold of a separately reportable segment. There have been no significant intersegment transactions for the periods reported. The summary of significant accounting policies applies to all operating segments.

The measure of profitability by which management, including the Company’s chief operating decision maker, evaluates the performance of its segments and allocates resources to them is operating income (loss) before income taxes. Segment assets or other segment balance sheet information is not presented to the Company’s chief operating decision maker. Accordingly, the Company has not presented information relating to segment assets.

The table below reflects summarized financial information for the Company’s reportable and operating segments for the three-month periods ended September 30, (in thousands):

 
 
Outsourced
Portals
 
Other Software
& Services
 
Other Reconciling Items
 
Consolidated
Total
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
$
76,434

 
$
8,099

 
$

 
$
84,533

Costs & expenses
 
47,377

 
3,169

 
12,091

 
62,637

Depreciation & amortization
 
670

 
25

 
1,115

 
1,810

Operating income (loss) before income taxes
 
$
28,387

 
$
4,905

 
$
(13,206
)
 
$
20,086

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Revenues
 
$
74,997

 
$
5,376

 
$

 
$
80,373

Costs & expenses
 
45,140

 
1,495

 
11,676

 
58,311

Depreciation & amortization
 
792

 
23

 
859

 
1,674

Operating income (loss) before income taxes
 
$
29,065

 
$
3,858

 
$
(12,535
)
 
$
20,388



15


The table below reflects summarized financial information for the Company’s reportable and operating segments for the nine- month periods ended September 30, (in thousands):

 
 
Outsourced
Portals
 
Other Software
& Services
 
Other Reconciling Items
 
Consolidated
Total
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
$
232,963

 
$
20,073

 
$

 
$
253,036

Costs & expenses
 
143,326

 
6,803

 
36,882

 
187,011

Depreciation & amortization
 
2,023

 
72

 
3,016

 
5,111

Operating income (loss) before income taxes
 
$
87,614

 
$
13,198

 
$
(39,898
)
 
$
60,914

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Revenues
 
$
223,707

 
$
15,866

 
$

 
$
239,573

Costs & expenses
 
134,878

 
4,353

 
34,183

 
173,414

Depreciation & amortization
 
2,498

 
55

 
2,521

 
5,074

Operating income (loss) before income taxes
 
$
86,331

 
$
11,458

 
$
(36,704
)
 
$
61,085


The Company’s Texas portal contract accounted for approximately 20% of the Company’s total consolidated revenues for the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2017 and approximately 21% and 20% of the Company’s total consolidated revenues for the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2016 , respectively. No other state portal contract accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s total consolidated revenues.

16


ITEM 2.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
CAUTION ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q regarding NIC Inc. and its subsidiaries (referred to herein as “the Company”, “NIC”, “we”, “our” or “us”) and its business, which are not current or historical facts, are “forward-looking statements” that involve risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements of plans and objectives, statements of future economic performance or financial projections, statements regarding the planned implementation of new portal contracts and new projects under existing portal contracts, statements relating to possible future dividends, statements regarding the expected effects of changes in accounting standards, statements of assumptions underlying such statements, and statements of our intentions, hopes, beliefs, expectations, or predictions of the future. For example, statements like we “expect,” we “believe,” we “plan,” we “intend,” or we “anticipate” are forward-looking statements. Investors should be aware that our actual operating results and financial performance may differ materially from our expressed expectations because of risks and uncertainties about the future including those risks discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 22, 2017.

There are a number of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested or indicated by such forward-looking statements. These include, among others, our success in renewing existing contracts and in signing contracts with new states and with federal and state government agencies; our ability to successfully increase the adoption and use of digital government services; the possibility of security breaches or disruptions through cyber-attacks or other events and any resulting liability; our ability to implement new contracts and any related technology enhancements in a timely and cost-effective manner; the possibility of reductions in fees or revenues as a result of budget deficits, government shutdowns, or changes in government policy; continued favorable government legislation; acceptance of digital government services by businesses and citizens; competition; general economic conditions; and the other factors discussed under “CAUTIONS ABOUT FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS” in Part I and “RISK FACTORS” in Part I, Item 1A of NIC’s 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on February 22, 2017 with the SEC. Investors should read all of these discussions of risks carefully.

All forward-looking statements made in this Form 10-Q speak only as of the date of this report. Except as may be required by applicable law, we will not update the information in this Form 10-Q if any forward-looking statement later turns out to be inaccurate. Investors are cautioned not to put undue reliance on any forward-looking statement.

WHAT WE DO – AN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

We are a leading provider of digital government services that help governments use technology to provide a higher level of service to businesses and citizens and increase efficiencies. We accomplish this currently through two channels: our primary outsourced portal businesses and our software & services businesses.

In our primary outsourced portal businesses, we generally enter into contracts primarily with state and local governments to design, build, and operate internet-based enterprise-wide portals on their behalf. We typically enter into multi-year contracts and manage operations for each government partner through separate local subsidiaries that operate as decentralized businesses with a high degree of autonomy. Our portals consist of websites and applications that we build, which allow businesses and citizens to access government information through multiple online channels, including mobile, and complete secure transactions. These transactions include applying for a permit, retrieving government records, or filing a government-mandated form or report. We help increase our government partners’ revenues by expanding the distribution of their information assets and increasing the number of financial transactions conducted with governments. We do this by marketing portal services and soliciting users to complete government-based transactions and to enter into subscriber contracts that permit users to access the portal and the government information contained therein in exchange for transactional and/or subscription user fees. We are typically responsible for funding the up-front investments and ongoing operations and maintenance costs of the government portals. Our unique business model allows us to generate revenues by sharing in the fees collected from online transactions. Our partners benefit because they reduce their financial and technological risks, increase their operational efficiencies, and gain a centralized, customer-focused presence on the internet, while businesses and citizens gain a faster, more convenient, and more cost-effective means to interact with governments.

On behalf of our government partners, we enter into statements of work with various agencies and divisions of the government to provide specific services and to conduct specific transactions. These statements of work preliminarily establish the pricing of the online transactions and data access services we provide and the division of revenues between us and the government agency. The government oversight authority must approve prices and revenue sharing agreements. We have limited control over the level of fees we are permitted to retain. Any changes made to the amount or percentage of fees retained by us, or to the amounts charged for the services offered, could materially affect the profitability of the respective contract. We typically own all the intellectual

17


property in connection with the applications developed under these contracts. After completion of a defined contract term, the government partner typically receives a perpetual, royalty-free license to use the applications and digital government services we built only in its own state. However, certain proprietary customer management, billing, payment processing and other software applications that we have developed and standardized centrally and that are utilized by our portal businesses, are being provided to a number of our government partners on a SaaS basis, and thus would not be included in any royalty-free license. If our contract expires after a defined term or if our contract is terminated by our government partner for cause, the government agency would be entitled to take over the portal in place, and NIC would have no future revenue from, or obligation to, such former government partner, except as otherwise provided in the contract. We also provide certain payment processing services on a SaaS basis to a few private sector entities and to state and local agencies in states where we do not maintain an enterprise-wide outsourced portal contract, and may continue to market these services to other entities in the future. Historically, revenues from these services have not been significant, but have grown in recent years. In some cases, we enter into contracts to provide consulting, application development and portal management services to governments in exchange for an agreed-upon fee.

Any renewal of these contracts beyond the initial term by the government is optional and a government may terminate its contract prior to the expiration date if we breach a material contractual obligation and fail to cure such breach within a specified period or upon the occurrence of other events or circumstances specified in the contract. In addition, 14 contracts under which we provide enterprise-wide outsourced portal and digital government services, as well as our contract with the FMCSA, can be terminated by the other party without cause on a specified period of notice. Collectively, revenues generated from these contracts represented approximately 60% of our total consolidated revenues for each of the current quarter and year-to-date periods. In the event that any of these contracts are terminated without cause, the terms of the respective contract may require the government to pay us a fee in order to continue to use our applications in its portal.

Our subsidiary, NIC Federal, LLC (“NIC Federal”) has a contract with the FMCSA to develop and manage the FMCSA’s PSP for motor carriers nationwide, using the Company’s transaction-based business model. During the third quarter of 2017, the FMCSA exercised the second of its two one-year renewal options, extending the current contract through August 31, 2018. The contract can be terminated by the FMCSA without cause on a specified period of notice.

The loss of the contract as a result of the expiration, termination or failure to renew the contract, if not replaced, could significantly reduce our revenues and profitability. In addition, we have limited control over the level of fees we are permitted to retain under the contract with the FMCSA. Any changes made to the amount or percentage of fees retained by us, or to the amounts charged for the services offered, could materially affect the profitability of this contract. 

We currently have 12 contracts under which we provide enterprise-wide outsourced portal and digital government services  that have expiration dates within the 12-month period following September 30, 2017 . Although certain of these contracts have renewal provisions, any renewal is at the option of our government partners, who may choose to not renew the contract, to re-open bidding for the services, to take over the portal in place and provide services internally, or to allow individual government agencies to retain the services of their own providers. Collectively, revenues generated from these contracts represented approximately 49% of our total consolidated revenues for each of the current quarter and year-to-date periods. As described above, if a contract expires after a defined term, the government partner would be entitled to take over the portal in place, and NIC would have no future revenue from, or obligation to, such former government partner, except as otherwise provided in the contract.

The contract under which our subsidiary, NICUSA Inc. (“NICUSA”), managed digital government services for the state of Tennessee expired on March 31, 2017. For the nine- month period ended September 30, 2017 , revenues from the Tennessee portal contract were approximately $1.8 million , compared to approximately $1.7 million and $5.9 million for the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2016 , respectively.

The contract under which our subsidiary Iowa Interactive, LLC managed digital government services for the state of Iowa expired on November 30, 2016. For the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2016 , revenues from the Iowa portal contract were approximately $0.5 million and $1.4 million , respectively.

OVERVIEW OF BUSINESS MODELS AND REVENUE RECOGNITION

We classify our revenues and cost of revenues into two categories: (1) portal and (2) software & services. The portal category includes revenues and cost of revenues primarily from our subsidiaries operating state and local government portals on an outsourced basis. The software & services category primarily includes revenues and cost of revenues from our subsidiaries that provide software development and digital government services, other than outsourced portal services, to state and local governments as well as federal agencies. We currently earn revenues from three main sources: transaction-based fees, time and materials-based fees for application development and fixed fees for portal management services. Each of these revenue types and the corresponding business models are further described below.

18



Our outsourced portal businesses

We categorize our portal revenues according to the underlying source of revenue. A brief description of each category follows:

IGS : mainly consists of transaction-based fees from interactive government services, referred to as IGS, from sources other than digital access to motor vehicle driver history records, for transactions conducted by business users and consumer users through our portals and which are generally recurring. For a representative listing of the IGS applications we currently offer through our portals, refer to Part I, Item 1 in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, filed with the SEC on February 22, 2017.

DHR : mainly consists of transaction-based fees from driver history records, referred to as DHR, for providing digital access to motor vehicle driver history records from our state portals to data resellers, insurance companies, and other pre-authorized customers on behalf of our state partners, and which are generally recurring.

Portal software development and services : these are revenues from the performance of application development projects and other time and materials services for our government partners. While we actively market these services, they do not have the same degree of predictability as our transaction-based or portal management revenues and are not generally recurring. As a result, these revenues are excluded from our recurring portal revenue percentage.
 
Portal management and other fixed fee : these are revenues from the performance of fixed fee portal management services for our current government partner in the state of Indiana and other fixed fees that are generally recurring.

Our software & services businesses

NIC Federal currently earns a significant portion of its revenues from its contract with the FMCSA to develop and manage the PSP for motor carriers nationwide, using a transaction-based business model. NIC Federal recognizes revenues from this contract (primarily transaction-based information access fees) when the services are provided at the time of the transactions. NIC Federal also earns a portion of its revenues from fixed fee and time and materials application development and outsourced maintenance contracts with other government agencies and recognizes revenues as services are provided.


19


CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

There have been no material changes in our critical accounting policies from the information provided under “Critical Accounting Policies” in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 , filed with the SEC on February 22, 2017.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion summarizes the significant factors affecting operating results for the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 . This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and the related Notes included in this Form 10-Q.

Due to the expiration of our contract with the state of Iowa on November 30, 2016, the operating results for this portal have been removed from the same state category for the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2017 . In addition, our Tennessee portal contract expired on March 31, 2017. As a result, the operating results for our Tennessee portal have also been removed from the same state category for the three- and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2017 . The operating results for our new Louisiana portal have been excluded from the same state category for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 , because it had not generated revenues for two full comparable periods.

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
Key Financial Metrics
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Revenue growth - outsourced portals
 
2
%
 
7
%
 
4
%
 
8
%
Same state revenue growth - outsourced portals
 
5
%
 
5
%
 
5
%
 
7
%
Recurring portal revenue as a % of total portal revenues
 
99
%
 
97
%
 
98
%
 
96
%
Gross profit % - outsourced portals
 
38
%
 
40
%
 
38
%
 
40
%
Revenue growth - software & services
 
51
%
 
9
%
 
27
%
 
12
%
Gross profit % - software & services
 
61
%
 
72
%
 
66
%
 
73
%
Selling & administrative expenses as a % of total revenues
 
14
%
 
15
%
 
15
%
 
14
%
Operating income margin % (operating income as a % of total revenues)
 
24
%
 
25
%
 
24
%
 
25
%

PORTAL REVENUES. In the analysis below, we have categorized our portal revenues according to the underlying source of revenue (in thousands), with the corresponding percentage increase or decrease from the prior year period.

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
Portal Revenue Analysis
 
2017
 
% Change
 
2016
 
2017
 
% Change
 
2016
IGS transaction-based
 
$
48,089

 
8
 %
 
$
44,356

 
$
144,194

 
10
 %
 
$
131,565

DHR transaction-based
 
25,936

 
(5
)%
 
27,249

 
79,787

 
(1
)%
 
80,205

Portal software development
 
1,134

 
(46
)%
 
2,117

 
5,157

 
(36
)%
 
8,112

Portal management
 
1,275

 

 
1,275

 
3,825

 

 
3,825

Total
 
$
76,434

 
2
 %
 
$
74,997

 
$
232,963


4
 %
 
$
223,707


Portal revenues in the current quarter increased 2% , or approximately $1.4 million, over the prior year quarter mainly due to a 5% , or approximately $3.6 million, increase in same state portal revenues (portals in operation and generating comparable revenues for two full periods), partially offset by revenue declines from our legacy Tennessee and Iowa portals (combined, approximately $2.1 million) due to contract expirations on March 31, 2017 and November 30, 2016, respectively.

Same state portal revenues grew 5% in the current quarter compared to 5% in the prior year quarter. The increase in same state portal revenues in the current quarter was primarily attributable to higher revenues from our Colorado and South Carolina portals, among others. Same state IGS revenues grew 10% in the current quarter compared to 12% in the prior year quarter. The increase in the current quarter was driven by several key services, including motor vehicle registrations in Colorado and business registration filings in South Carolina. Same state DHR revenues grew 1% in the current year quarter compared to a 1% decline in the prior year quarter. The increase in the current quarter was primarily attributable to higher transaction volumes from our Utah, West

20


Virginia and Wisconsin portals, among others. Same state portal software development and services revenues declined 41% in the current quarter, due to lower project-based revenues from our Wisconsin and Indiana portals, among others.

Portal revenues in the current year-to-date period increased 4% , or approximately $9.3 million, over the prior year-to-date period mainly due to a 5% , or approximately $11.6 million, increase in same state portal revenues. Revenues from our new Louisiana portal increased approximately $3.2 million in the current year-to-date period and were offset by a decrease in revenues from legacy Tennessee and Iowa portals (combined, approximately $5.5 million) due to contract expirations on March 31, 2017 and November 30, 2016, respectively.

Same state portal revenues grew 5% in the current year-to-date period compared to 7% in the prior year-to-date period. The increase in same state portal revenues in the current year-to-date period was primarily attributable to higher revenues from our Colorado, Texas and Maryland portals, among others. Same state IGS revenues grew 10% in the current year-to-date period compared to 13% in the prior year-to-date period. The increase in the current year-to-date period was driven by several key services, including vehicle inspections in Texas and motor vehicle registrations in Colorado. Same state DHR revenues grew 1% in the current year-to-date period compared to 2% in the prior year-to-date period. The increase in the current year-to-date period was primarily attributable to higher transaction volumes from our Utah, Wisconsin and Colorado portals, among others. Same state portal software development and services revenues decreased 30% in the current year-to-date period, due to lower project-based revenues from our Wisconsin and Indiana portals, among others.

COST OF PORTAL REVENUES.  In the analysis below, we have categorized our cost of portal revenues between fixed and variable costs (in thousands), with the corresponding percentage increase from the prior year period. Fixed costs include costs such as employee compensation and benefits (including stock-based compensation), subcontractor labor costs, telecommunications, provision for losses on accounts receivable, and all other costs associated with the provision of dedicated client service such as dedicated facilities. Variable costs consist of costs that vary with our level of portal revenues and primarily include interchange fees required to process credit/debit card and automated clearinghouse transactions and, to a lesser extent, costs associated with revenue share arrangements with our state partners.

 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
Cost of Portal Revenue Analysis
 
2017
 
% Change
 
2016
 
2017
 
% Change
 
2016
Fixed costs
 
$
27,852

 
1
%
 
$
27,712

 
$
83,780

 
2
%
 
$
82,318

Variable costs
 
19,525

 
12
%
 
17,428

 
59,546

 
13
%
 
52,560

Total
 
$
47,377

 
5
%
 
$
45,140

 
$
143,326

 
6
%
 
$
134,878


Cost of portal revenues in the current quarter increased 5% , or approximately $2.2 million, over the prior year quarter due mainly to an increase in same state cost of portal revenues.  The increase in same state cost of portal revenues in the current quarter was primarily attributable to an increase in variable fees to process credit/debit card transactions, due mainly to higher IGS transaction volumes, as further discussed above. A significant percentage of our IGS transaction-based revenues are generated from online applications whereby users pay for information or transactions via credit/debit cards. We typically earn a portion of the credit/debit card transaction amount, but also must pay an associated interchange fee to the bank that processes the credit/debit card transaction. We earn a lower incremental gross profit percentage on these transactions as compared to our DHR and other IGS transactions. However, we plan to continue to implement these services as they contribute favorably to our operating income.  The increase in cost of portal revenues in the current quarter was also affected by start-up development costs for our new Illinois contract to build an enterprise licensing and permitting platform ($0.9 million), which were offset by lower costs from the legacy Tennessee and Iowa portals (combined $1.4 million) during the quarter.

Our portal gross profit percentage was 38% in the current quarter, down from 40% in the prior year quarter. The decrease in portal gross profit percentage was driven largely by costs incurred for our new Illinois contract and a decrease in the profit contribution from the legacy Tennessee portal.  We carefully monitor our portal gross profit percentage to strike a balance between generating a solid return for our stockholders and delivering value to our government partners through ongoing investment in our portal operations (which, we believe, also benefits our stockholders).

Cost of portal revenues in the current year-to-date period increased 6% , or approximately $8.4 million, over the prior year-to-date period due mainly to an increase in same state cost of portal revenues.  The increase in same state cost of portal revenues in the current year-to-date period was primarily attributable to an increase in variable fees to process credit/debit card transactions, due mainly to higher IGS transaction volumes, as further discussed above, and, to a lesser extent, higher employee compensation and

21


benefit costs.  Additionally, the increase in the cost of portal revenues for the new Illinois contract in the current year-to-date period ($2.0 million) was offset by lower costs from the legacy Tennessee and Iowa portals ($3.2 million).

Our portal gross profit percentage was 38% in the current year-to-date period, down from 40% in the prior year-to-date period.  The decrease in portal gross profit percentage was driven largely by costs incurred for our new Illinois contract and a decrease in profit contribution from the legacy Tennessee portal.

SOFTWARE & SERVICES REVENUES. In the analysis below, we have categorized our software & services revenues by business (in thousands), with the corresponding percentage increase or decrease from the prior year period.

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
Software & Services Revenue Analysis
 
2017
 
% Change
 
2016
 
2017
 
% Change
 
2016
NIC Federal
 
$
6,671

 
81
 %
 
$
3,684

 
$
14,872

 
37
%
 
$
10,889

Other
 
1,428

 
(16
)%
 
1,692

 
5,201

 
5
%
 
4,977

Total
 
$
8,099

 
51
 %
 
$
5,376

 
$
20,073

 
27
%
 
$
15,866


Software & services revenues in the current quarter and year-to-date periods increased 51% and 27% , or approximately $2.7 million and $4.2 million, respectively, over the corresponding prior year periods. The increase was primarily due to a significant spike in the current quarter and year-to-date periods from the Senior Park Pass program with the United States National Park Service, which we do not expect to recur in future periods at the same level. Revenues from the Senior Park Pass program totaled approximately $2.8 million in the current quarter.

COST OF SOFTWARE & SERVICES REVENUES. Cost of software & services revenues in the current quarter and year-to-date periods increased 113% and 57%, or approximately $1.7 million and $2.5 million, respectively, over the corresponding prior year periods due mainly to higher costs to support the Senior Park Pass program, as described above, as well as employee compensation and benefit costs. Costs to support the Senior Park Pass program in the current quarter totaled approximately $1.2 million, which we do not expect to recur in future periods. Our software & services gross profit percentage in the current quarter and year-to-date periods were 61% and 66%, respectively, compared to 72% and 73% in the corresponding prior year periods. The decline in gross profit percentages were driven by the Senior Park Pass program.

SELLING & ADMINISTRATIVE. As a percentage of total consolidated revenues, selling & administrative expenses were 14% and 15% in the current quarter and year-to-date periods, respectively, compared to 15% and 14% , in the corresponding prior year periods, respectively. Selling & administrative expenses in the current quarter and year-to-date periods increased 4% and 8% , or approximately $0.4 million and $2.7 million, respectively, over the corresponding prior year periods mainly due to higher costs to support and enhance company-wide information technology, security and portal operations, including development of the citizen-centric Gov2Go enterprise platform.

INCOME TAXES. Our effective tax rate was approximately 30% and 33% for the current quarter and year-to-date periods, respectively. Our effective tax rate for the current quarter reflects an increase in the previously estimated research and development tax credit for the 2016 and 2017 tax years upon the filing of our 2016 federal tax return during the current quarter and a reserve reduction to the liability for unrecognized income tax benefits due to the expiration of the statute of limitations for certain tax years. Our effective tax rate for the current year-to-date period was also favorably impacted by benefits totaling $0.5 million related to excess tax deductions for the vesting of restricted stock awards, which the Company began recognizing in the provision for income taxes in the first quarter of 2017 upon the adoption of ASU 2016-09 (See Note 1 in the Notes of the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-Q).

Our effective tax rate was approximately 20% and 31% for the prior year quarter and year-to-date periods, respectively. Our lower effective tax rate in 2016 was mainly due to favorable benefits related to the domestic production activities deduction, the federal research and development tax credit, and an adjustment to certain deferred tax liabilities related to a previous acquisition of a business. During the third quarter of 2016, we completed our study of qualifying activities for the domestic production activities deduction and began recognizing tax benefits for the deduction upon the filing of our fiscal 2015 federal income tax return. We recognized tax benefits, included in our income tax provision for the prior year quarter and year-to-date periods, of approximately $1.4 million for the 2015 tax year and approximately $1.0 million for the first nine months of the 2016 tax year, related to the domestic production activities deduction.

Liquidity and Capital Resources


22


Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities was $48.6 million in the current year-to-date period compared to $59.7 million in the prior year-to-date period, as adjusted. The decrease in net cash provided by operating activities in the current period was mainly the result of (i) the timing of outstanding payables in the current and prior year periods to our government partners in Colorado and Louisiana, among others (which was a cash outflow of approximately $5.9 million in the current year-to-date period compared to a cash inflow of approximately $10.2 million in the prior year-to-date period), and (ii) a $1.5 million collateral deposit made with one of our third-party merchant processors in the current period. These decreases were partially offset by a decrease in prepaid income taxes in the current period due to the receipt of federal income tax refunds of approximately $3.0 million related to the amendment of our 2014 and 2013 federal income tax returns for the domestic production activities deduction, which we began recognizing in the third quarter of 2016.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities was approximately $5.9 million in the current year-to-date period compared to $5.7 million in the prior year period. Investing activities in the current and prior year periods primarily reflect $3.3 million and $3.9 million, respectively, of capital expenditures, which were for fixed asset additions in our outsourced portal businesses and in our centralized hosting environment to support and enhance corporate-wide information technology and security infrastructure, including Web servers, purchased software and office equipment. Furthermore, in the current and prior year periods we capitalized approximately $2.6 million and $1.8 million, respectively, of internal-use software development costs primarily related to the enhancement of centralized customer management, billing and payment processing systems that support our portal operations and accounting systems.

Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities was approximately $17.4 million and $1.0 million in the current and prior year-to-date periods, respectively. The increase in net cash used in financing activities in the current year-to-date period was primarily attributable to cash dividends paid in the current year period of approximately $16.0 million. Financing activities in the current and prior year periods also reflect the payment of approximately $2.7 million and $2.1 million, respectively, in tax withholdings related to the vesting of stock-based compensation awards and the receipt of approximately $1.3 million and $1.1 million, respectively, in proceeds from our employee stock purchase program.

Liquidity

We recognize revenues primarily from providing outsourced digital government services net of the transaction fees due to the government when the services are provided. We recognize accounts receivable at the time these services are provided, and also accrue the related fees that we must remit to the government as accounts payable at such time. As a result, trade accounts receivable and accounts payable reflect the gross amounts outstanding at the balance sheet dates. We typically collect a majority of our accounts receivable prior to remitting amounts payable to our government partners.

We believe our working capital and current ratio are important measures of our short-term liquidity. Working capital, defined as current assets minus current liabilities, increased to $151.8 million at September 30, 2017 , from $125.0 million at December 31, 2016 . The increase in our working capital was primarily due to cash generated from operations in the period. Our current ratio, defined as current assets divided by current liabilities, was 2.6 and 2.3 at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , respectively.

At September 30, 2017 , our cash balance was $152.3 million, compared to $127.0 million at December 31, 2016. We believe that our currently available liquid resources and cash generated from operations will be sufficient to meet our operating requirements, capital expenditure requirements and dividend payments (if any) for at least the next 12 months without the need for additional capital. We have a $10.0 million unsecured revolving credit facility (the “Credit Agreement”) with a bank that is available to finance working capital, issue letters of credit and finance general corporate purposes. The Credit Agreement also includes an accordion feature that will allow us to increase the available capacity under the Credit Agreement to $50 million, subject to securing additional commitments from the bank. We can obtain letters of credit in an aggregate amount of $5.0 million , which reduces the maximum amount available for borrowing under the Credit Agreement. In total, we had $4.3 million in available capacity to issue additional letters of credit and $9.3 million of unused borrowing capacity at September 30, 2017 under the Credit Agreement. We were in compliance with all of our covenants under the Credit Agreement at September 30, 2017 .

We have issued letters of credit as collateral for office leases, and to a much lesser extent, as collateral for performance on our outsourced government portal contracts. These irrevocable letters of credit are generally in force for one year. Letters of credit may have an expiration date of up to one year beyond the expiration date of the Credit Agreement. We had unused outstanding

23


letters of credit totaling approximately $0.7 million at September 30, 2017 , consisting of one letter of credit issued as collateral for an office lease and one letter of credit issued as collateral for performance on one of our outsourced government portal contracts. We are not currently required to cash collateralize these letters of credit.  Our Credit Agreement matures on May 1, 2019.

At September 30, 2017 , we were bound by performance bond commitments totaling approximately $5.8 million on certain outsourced government portal contracts. Had we been required to post 100% cash collateral at September 30, 2017 for the face value of all performance bonds, letters of credit and our line of credit in conjunction with a corporate credit card agreement, unrestricted cash would have decreased by approximately $7.5 million and would have been classified as restricted cash.

We currently expect our capital expenditures to range from approximately $5.0 million to $6.0 million in fiscal 2017, which we intend to fund from our cash flows from operations and existing cash reserves. This estimate includes capital expenditures for normal fixed asset additions in our outsourced portal businesses including equipment upgrades and enhancements in our Texas portal, and in our centralized hosting environment to support and enhance corporate-wide information technology and security infrastructure, including Web servers, purchased software, and office equipment. We currently expect our capitalized internal-use software development costs to range from approximately $3.0 million to $4.0 million. This estimate includes costs related to the enhancement of centralized customer management, billing and payment processing systems that support our business operations and accounting systems.

On October 30, 2017, our Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.08 per share, payable to stockholders of record as of December 5, 2017. The dividend, which is expected to total approximately $5.4 million, will be paid on December 19, 2017, out of the Company’s available cash.  On July 31, 2017, our Board of Directors declared a $0.08 per share regular quarterly cash dividend totaling approximately $5.4 million that was paid out of our available cash on September 20, 2017. On May 2, 2017, our Board of Directors declared a $0.08 per share regular quarterly cash dividend totaling approximately $5.3 million that was paid out of our available cash on June 20, 2017.  On January 30, 2017, our Board of Directors declared a $0.08 per share regular quarterly cash dividend totaling approximately $5.3 million that was paid out of our available cash on March 21, 2017. We do not believe these dividends will have a significant effect on our future liquidity needs.

We may need to raise additional capital within the next 12 months to further:
 
fund operations if unforeseen costs arise;
support our expansion into other federal, state and local government agencies beyond what is contemplated if unforeseen opportunities arise;
expand our product and service offerings beyond what is contemplated if unforeseen opportunities arise;
fund acquisitions;
respond to unforeseen competitive pressures; and
acquire technologies beyond what is contemplated.
 
Any projections of future earnings and cash flows are subject to substantial uncertainty. If our cash generated from operations and the unused portion of our line of credit are insufficient to satisfy our liquidity requirements, we may seek to sell additional equity securities or issue debt securities. If we need to obtain new debt or equity financing in the future, the terms and availability of such financing may be impacted by economic and financial market conditions, as well as our financial condition and results of operations at the time we seek additional financing. The sale of additional equity securities could result in dilution to our stockholders. There can be no assurance that financing will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

We had unused outstanding letters of credit totaling approximately $0.7 million at September 30, 2017 .

As of September 30, 2017 , there have been no material changes outside the ordinary course of business from the disclosures relating to contractual obligations contained under “Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations” in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, filed with the SEC on February 22, 2017. While we have significant operating

24


lease commitments for office space, except for our headquarters, those commitments are generally tied to the period of performance under related portal contracts. We have income tax uncertainties of approximately $7.5 million at September 30, 2017 . These obligations are classified as non-current on our consolidated balance sheet, as resolution is expected to take more than a year. We estimate that these matters could be resolved in one to three years. However, the ultimate timing of resolution is uncertain.
 
ITEM 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
INTEREST RATE RISK.  Our cash is held entirely in domestic non-interest bearing transaction bank accounts.  
We currently have no principal amounts of indebtedness outstanding under our line of credit. 

We do not use derivative financial instruments.
 
ITEM 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

a) EVALUATION OF DISCLOSURE CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 The Company maintains disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) that are designed to ensure that material information required to be disclosed in its filings under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the issuer’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of such date.

b) CHANGES IN INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our third fiscal quarter of 2017 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


25


PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

Share Repurchases

During the third quarter of 2017 , we acquired and cancelled shares of common stock surrendered by employees to pay income taxes due upon the vesting of restricted stock as follows:
 
Period
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased
 
Average Price
Paid Per Share
 
Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced
Plans or Programs
 
Maximum Number (or
Approximate Dollar Value)
of Shares that May Yet Be
Purchased Under the Plans
or Programs
July 17, 2017
 
1,606

 
$
19.20

 
N/A
 
N/A
July 31, 2017
 
344

 
16.25

 
N/A
 
N/A
Total
 
1,950

 
 

 
N/A
 
N/A

 

ITEM 6.  EXHIBITS
 
31.1
 
 
31.2
 
 
32.1
 
 
101
The following financial information from NIC’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2017, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) includes (i) Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, (ii) Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, (iii) Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, (iv) Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, and (v) the Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements (submitted electronically herewith).

26



SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Company has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
 
NIC INC.
 
 
 
Dated:
November 1, 2017
/s/ Stephen M. Kovzan
 
 
Stephen M. Kovzan
 
 
Chief Financial Officer


27

Exhibit 31.1
 

CERTIFICATION

I, Harry Herington, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of NIC Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: November 1, 2017


/s/ Harry Herington
Harry Herington
Chief Executive Officer





Exhibit 31.2
 

CERTIFICATION

I, Stephen M. Kovzan, certify that

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of NIC Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: November 1, 2017


/s/ Stephen M. Kovzan
Stephen M. Kovzan
Chief Financial Officer





Exhibit 32.1
 
 
Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350,
As Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

The undersigned Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of NIC Inc. (the “Company”) each hereby certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

(1) the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the quarter ended September 30, 2017 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)); and

(2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

  
Dated: November 1, 2017



/s/ Harry Herington
Harry Herington
Chief Executive Officer



/s/ Stephen M. Kovzan
Stephen M. Kovzan
Chief Financial Officer