Quarterly Report


Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
  (MARK ONE)
 
ý       QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED APRIL 30, 2017
 
OR
 
o          TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM              TO
 
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 001-35498
 ____________________________________________________

SPLUNK INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_____________________________________________________
Delaware
 
86-1106510
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)
270 Brannan Street
San Francisco, California 94107
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
(415) 848-8400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES ý NO o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data file required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). YES ý NO o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer o
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company o

 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES o NO ý

There were 138,371,174 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock issued and outstanding as of May 31, 2017 .
 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Splunk Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
April 30, 2017

January 31, 2017
Assets
 
 

 
 

Current assets
 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
466,427

 
$
421,346

Investments, current portion
 
620,805

 
662,096

Accounts receivable, net
 
171,260

 
238,281

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
44,864

 
38,650

Total current assets
 
1,303,356

 
1,360,373

Investments, non-current
 
5,000

 
5,000

Property and equipment, net
 
165,356

 
166,395

Intangible assets, net
 
35,022

 
37,713

Goodwill
 
124,642

 
124,642

Other assets
 
25,210

 
24,423

Total assets
 
$
1,658,586

 
$
1,718,546

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
 

 
 

Current liabilities
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
 
$
8,239

 
$
7,503

Accrued payroll and compensation
 
89,104

 
100,092

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
72,107

 
81,071

Deferred revenue, current portion
 
469,072

 
478,707

Total current liabilities
 
638,522

 
667,373

Deferred revenue, non-current
 
156,720

 
146,752

Other liabilities, non-current
 
99,610

 
99,260

Total non-current liabilities
 
256,330

 
246,012

Total liabilities
 
894,852

 
913,385

Commitments and contingencies (Note 3)
 


 


Stockholders’ equity
 
 

 
 

Common stock: $0.001 par value; 1,000,000,000 shares authorized; 138,339,818 shares issued and outstanding at April 30, 2017, and 137,169,481 shares issued and outstanding at January 31, 2017
 
138

 
137

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(3,589
)
 
(3,013
)
Additional paid-in capital
 
1,887,900

 
1,828,821

Accumulated deficit
 
(1,120,715
)
 
(1,020,784
)
Total stockholders’ equity
 
763,734

 
805,161

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
1,658,586

 
$
1,718,546

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


Splunk Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Revenues
 
 
 
 
License
 
$
116,726

 
$
100,992

Maintenance and services
 
125,722

 
84,960

Total revenues
 
242,448

 
185,952

Cost of revenues  (1)
 
 
 
 
License
 
2,928

 
2,962

Maintenance and services
 
55,235

 
36,538

Total cost of revenues
 
58,163

 
39,500

Gross profit
 
184,285

 
146,452

Operating expenses  (1)
 
 
 
 
Research and development
 
71,298

 
67,371

Sales and marketing
 
173,948

 
145,151

General and administrative
 
36,496

 
32,073

Total operating expenses
 
281,742

 
244,595

Operating loss
 
(97,457
)
 
(98,143
)
Interest and other income (expense), net
 
 
 
 
Interest income (expense), net
 
(528
)
 
(403
)
Other income (expense), net
 
(608
)
 
(1,125
)
Total interest and other income (expense), net
 
(1,136
)
 
(1,528
)
Loss before income taxes
 
(98,593
)
 
(99,671
)
Income tax provision
 
1,338

 
1,225

Net loss
 
$
(99,931
)
 
$
(100,896
)

 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted net loss per share
 
$
(0.73
)
 
$
(0.77
)

 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares used in computing basic and diluted net loss per share
 
137,785

 
131,494

 
(1) Amounts include stock-based compensation expense, as follows:  
Cost of revenues
 
$
8,192


$
7,555

Research and development
 
26,797


29,206

Sales and marketing
 
40,643


40,233

General and administrative
 
14,423


14,376


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


Splunk Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Net loss
 
$
(99,931
)
 
$
(100,896
)
Other comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
Net unrealized gain (loss) on investments
 
(482
)
 
339

Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(94
)
 
2,198

Total other comprehensive gain (loss)
 
(576
)
 
2,537

Comprehensive loss
 
$
(100,507
)
 
$
(98,359
)
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


Splunk Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
2017 (1)
 
2016
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 

 
 

Net loss
 
$
(99,931
)

$
(100,896
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
9,103


6,461

Amortization of investment premiums
 
217

 
258

Stock-based compensation
 
90,055


91,370

Deferred income taxes
 
101


(506
)
Excess tax benefits from employee stock plans
 


(692
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
 
67,021


83,058

Prepaid expenses, other current and non-current assets
 
(7,057
)

(8,119
)
Accounts payable
 
714


99

Accrued payroll and compensation
 
(10,988
)

(33,727
)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
(8,210
)

(2,891
)
Deferred revenue
 
333


1,274

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
41,358


35,689

Cash flows from investing activities
 
 
 
 
Purchases of investments
 
(122,473
)
 
(142,787
)
Maturities of investments
 
163,065


133,120

Purchases of property and equipment
 
(5,605
)

(3,709
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
34,987


(13,376
)
Cash flows from financing activities
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options
 
1,487

 
1,664

Excess tax benefits from employee stock plans
 

 
692

Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards
 
(32,462
)
 
(21,731
)
Repayment of financing lease obligation
 
(317
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
 
(31,292
)

(19,375
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
28


766

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
45,081


3,704

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
421,346


424,541

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
466,427

 
$
428,245

Supplemental disclosures
 
 
 
 
Cash paid for income taxes
 
$
2,263

 
$
990

Cash paid for interest expense related to financing lease obligation
 
1,868

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities
 
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in accrued purchases of property and equipment
 
(232
)
 
821

Increase in capitalized construction costs related to build-to-suit lease
 

 
10,065

_________________________
(1) As a result of our adoption of Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-09, our treatment of excess tax benefits from employee stock plans has changed. See Note 1 contained in the “Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements” for more details.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
(1)  Description of the Business and Significant Accounting Policies
 
Business
 
Splunk Inc. (“we,” “us,” “our”) provides innovative software solutions that enable organizations to gain real-time operational intelligence by harnessing the value of their data. Our offerings enable users to collect, index, search, explore, monitor, correlate and analyze data regardless of format or source. Our offerings address large and diverse data sets, commonly referred to as big data, and are specifically tailored for machine data. Machine data is produced by nearly every software application and electronic device and contains a definitive, time-stamped record of various activities, such as transactions, customer and user activities and security threats. Our offerings help users derive new insights from machine data that can be used to, among other things, improve service levels, reduce operational costs, mitigate security risks, demonstrate and maintain compliance, and drive better business decisions. We were incorporated in California in October 2003 and reincorporated in Delaware in May 2006.
 
Fiscal Year
 
Our fiscal year ends on January 31. References to fiscal 2018 or fiscal year 2018, for example, refer to the fiscal year ending January 31, 2018.
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The condensed consolidated balance sheet data as of January 31, 2017 was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. Therefore, these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended  January 31, 2017 , filed with the SEC on March 29, 2017 . There have been no changes in the significant accounting policies from those that were disclosed in the audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2017 included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments necessary to state fairly the financial position, results of operations, comprehensive loss and cash flows for the interim periods, but are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be anticipated for the full fiscal year 2018.

Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods covered by the financial statements and accompanying notes. In particular, we make estimates with respect to the fair value of multiple elements in revenue recognition, uncollectible accounts receivable, the assessment of the useful life and recoverability of long-lived assets (property and equipment, goodwill and identified intangibles), stock-based compensation expense, the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed for business combinations, income taxes, leases and contingencies. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Segments

We operate our business as one operating segment: the development and marketing of software solutions that enable our customers to gain real-time operational intelligence by harnessing the value of their data. Our chief operating decision maker is our Chief Executive Officer, who reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis for purposes of making operating decisions, assessing financial performance and allocating resources.

Principles of Consolidation

5


 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Splunk Inc. and its direct and indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2016-09 (Topic 718), Compensation - Stock Compensation, which has been issued as part of its Simplification Initiative. The new guidance requires companies to recognize stock-based compensation excess tax benefits, net of detriments (if any) to the condensed consolidated statements of operations, as opposed to additional paid-in capital within equity, when the awards vest or are exercised. Additionally, net excess tax benefit cash flows resulting from share-based payments are required to be reported as operating activities in the statement of cash flows. These updates are to be adopted either prospectively or retrospectively. The new guidance also allows companies to make a policy election to account for forfeitures as they occur, which, if elected, must be adopted using a modified retrospective approach with a cumulative effect adjustment recorded to opening retained earnings.

The ASU is effective for public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 and interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted this guidance during the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. Excess tax benefits on stock plans have been recorded to the condensed consolidated statements of operations rather than to additional paid-in capital within equity on a prospective basis. At April 30, 2017, we recorded $301.6 million of previously unrecognized excess tax benefits, which are fully offset by the related valuation allowance. We did not record an adjustment to our accumulated deficit as a result of adopting ASC 2016-09. We also elected to prospectively apply the change in presentation requirement wherein income tax effects of awards are classified as operating activities in the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows. Prior period classification of cash flows related to excess tax benefits have not been adjusted. We did not elect an accounting policy change to record forfeitures as they occur and we will continue to estimate forfeitures at each period.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04 (Topic 350) Intangibles - Goodwill and Other. The new standard simplifies how companies are required to test goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Step 2 measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit's goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. Instead, if the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss shall be recognized in an amount equal to that excess, limited to the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The standard is effective for our first quarter of fiscal 2021, although early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating whether this standard will have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-01 (Topic 805) Business Combinations - Clarifying the Definition of a Business. The new standard narrows the definition of a business to assist companies with evaluating when a set of transferred assets and activities is a business. The standard is effective for our first quarter of fiscal 2019, although early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating whether this standard will have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16 (Topic 740), Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory. The new standard will require companies to recognize, as opposed to defer, the tax effects from intercompany transfers of certain assets when the transfer occurs. The standard is effective for our first quarter of fiscal 2019, although early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating whether this standard will have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13 (Topic 326), Financial Instruments - Credit Losses. The amendments in this update require a financial asset (or a group of financial assets) measured at an amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. The new approach to estimating credit losses (referred to as the current expected credit losses model) applies to most financial assets measured at amortized cost and certain other instruments, including trade and other receivables, loans and held-to-maturity debt securities. The standard is effective for our first quarter of fiscal 2021, although early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating whether this standard will have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02 (Topic 842), Leases, which supersedes the lease recognition requirements in ASC Topic 840, Leases. The standard requires an entity to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities arising from a lease for operating leases, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments on the condensed

6


consolidated balance sheets. The impact of such leases on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and cash flows will continue to be treated in a similar manner under current GAAP. The standard also requires additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures. The standard is effective for our first quarter of fiscal 2020, although early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. We anticipate that most of our office leases will be recognized as lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use assets, and will accordingly have a material impact on our condensed consolidated balance sheets upon adoption.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09 (Topic 606), Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Accounting Standards Codification 605, Revenue Recognition and establishes a new revenue standard. This ASU is based on the principle that revenue is recognized to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenues and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Principal versus Agent Considerations, which clarifies the guidance in the new revenue standard on assessing whether an entity is a principal or an agent in a revenue transaction. This conclusion impacts whether an entity reports revenue on a gross or net basis. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, which clarifies the guidance in the new revenue standard regarding an entity’s identification of its performance obligations in a contract. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-12, Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients, which amends the guidance in the new revenue standard on collectability, non-cash consideration, presentation of sales tax, and transition. In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-20, Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, which clarifies narrow aspects of ASC 606 or corrects unintended application of the guidance. The new revenue standard, as amended by ASU No. 2015-14, is effective in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 and may be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented or with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of initial application. We currently plan to adopt the standard using the cumulative effect transition method. Early adoption is permitted, but not earlier than the original effective date for annual and interim periods.

While we are still evaluating the total impact of the new revenue standard, we believe the adoption of this new standard will have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements, including the way we account for arrangements involving a term license, deferred revenue and sales commissions. Under the new revenue standard, we would be required to recognize term license revenues upfront and the associated maintenance revenues over the contract period. Under the current revenue standard, we recognize both the term license and maintenance revenues ratably over the contract period. In addition, some deferred revenue recorded in accordance with the current revenue standard will never be recognized as revenue upon adoption of the new revenue standard and instead will be part of the cumulative effect adjustment within accumulated deficit. We have also considered the impact of the guidance in ASC 340-40, Other Assets and Deferred Costs; Contracts with Customers, under Topic 606. Under ASC 340-40, we would be required to capitalize and amortize incremental costs of obtaining a contract, such as sales commission costs. Under our current accounting policy, we do not capitalize sales commission costs and recognize these costs when they are incurred.

(2)  Investments and Fair Value Measurements
 
The carrying amounts of certain of our financial instruments including cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate fair value due to their short-term maturities.
 
Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value in the financial statements are categorized based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their fair value. Hierarchical levels that are directly related to the amount of subjectivity associated with the inputs to the valuation of these assets or liabilities are as follows:
 
Level 1—Observable inputs, such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
 
Level 2—Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
 
Level 3—Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
 

7


Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires management to make judgments and consider factors specific to the asset or liability.

The following table sets forth the fair value of our financial assets and liabilities that were measured on a recurring basis as of April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017 (in thousands): 
 
 
April 30, 2017
 
January 31, 2017
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Money market funds
 
$
397,302

 
$

 
$

 
$
397,302

 
$
345,959

 
$

 
$

 
$
345,959

U.S. treasury securities
 

 
620,805

 

 
620,805

 

 
662,096

 

 
662,096

Other
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
3,000

 
3,000

Reported as:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Assets:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
$
397,302

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
$
345,959

Investments, current portion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
620,805

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
662,096

Investments, non-current
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3,000

Total
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
$
1,018,107

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
$
1,011,055


Our investments in money market funds are measured at fair value on a recurring basis. These money market funds are actively traded and reported daily through a variety of sources. The fair value of the money market fund investments is classified as Level 1.

The following table represents our investments in U.S. treasury securities, which we have classified as available-for-sale investments as of April 30, 2017 (in thousands): 
 
 
April 30, 2017
 
 
Amortized Cost
 
Unrealized Gains
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
Investments, current portion:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. treasury securities
 
$
621,518

 
$

 
$
(713
)
 
$
620,805

Total available-for-sale investments in U.S. treasury securities
 
$
621,518

 
$

 
$
(713
)
 
$
620,805


As of April 30, 2017 , the following marketable securities were in an unrealized loss position (in thousands):
 
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
 
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
U.S. treasury securities
 
$
620,805

 
$
(713
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
620,805

 
$
(713
)

As of April 30, 2017 , we did not consider any of our investments to be other-than-temporarily impaired.

The contractual maturities of our investments are as follows (in thousands):
 
 
April 30, 2017
Due within one year
 
$
620,805

Total
 
$
620,805


Investments with maturities of less than 12 months from the balance sheet date are classified as current assets, which are available for use to fund current operations. Investments with maturities greater than 12 months from the balance sheet date are classified as long-term assets.


8


Strategic Investments

We have multiple cost method investments, which are reported in "Investments, non-current" on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. During the three months ended April 30, 2017 , $3.0 million of our investments in the form of convertible promissory notes in a privately-held company were automatically converted into preferred stock. As a result, these non-marketable equity securities are no longer classified as Level 3 investments measured at fair value. As of April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017 , our cost method investments totaled $5.0 million .    

(3)  Commitments and Contingencies
 
Operating Lease Commitments
 
We lease our office spaces under non-cancelable leases. Rent expense for our operating leases was $5.3 million and $3.3 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively.

On August 24, 2015, we entered into an office lease for approximately 235,000 square feet located at 3098 Olsen Drive, San Jose, California for a term of 129 months. Rent expense for this lease commenced in the third quarter of fiscal 2017. Our total obligation for the base rent is approximately $120.5 million .

The following summarizes our operating lease commitments as of April 30, 2017 (in thousands):
 
 
Payments Due by Period
 
 
Total
 
Less Than 1
year
 
1-3 years
 
3-5 years
 
More Than 5
years
Operating lease commitments (1)
 
$
173,037

 
$
22,026

 
$
43,203

 
$
36,487

 
$
71,321

 _________________________
(1) We entered into sublease agreements for portions of our office space and the future rental income of $2.0 million from these agreements has been included as an offset to our future minimum rental payments.

Financing Lease Obligation

On April 29, 2014, we entered into an office lease (the “Lease”) for approximately 182,000 square feet located at 270 Brannan Street, San Francisco, California (the “Premises”). The Premises is allocated between the "Initial Premises" and "Additional Premises," which are each approximately 91,000 square feet of rentable space. The term of the Additional Premises begins one year after the Initial Premises, which began in August 2015, and each have a term of 84 months. Our total obligation for the base rent is approximately $92.0 million . On May 13, 2014, we entered into an irrevocable, standby letter of credit with Silicon Valley Bank for $6.0 million to serve as a security deposit for the Lease.

As a result of our involvement during the construction period, whereby we had certain indemnification obligations related to the construction, we were considered, for accounting purposes only, the owner of the construction project under build-to-suit lease accounting. We have recorded project construction costs incurred by the landlord as an asset and a corresponding long-term liability in “Property and equipment, net” and “Other liabilities, non-current,” respectively, on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. We moved into the Premises in February 2016. We have determined that the lease does not meet the criteria for “sale-leaseback” treatment, due to our continuing involvement in the construction project resulting from our standby letter of credit. Accordingly, the Lease will continue to be accounted for as a financing obligation.

As of April 30, 2017 , future payments on the financing lease obligation are as follows (in thousands):
Fiscal Period:
 
 
Remaining nine months of fiscal 2018
 
$
9,158

Fiscal 2019
 
12,552

Fiscal 2020
 
12,928

Fiscal 2021
 
13,316

Fiscal 2022
 
13,715

Fiscal 2023
 
14,127

Fiscal 2024
 
8,142

Total future minimum lease payments
 
$
83,938


9



Facility Exit Costs
 
In fiscal 2017, we relocated certain of our corporate offices in the San Francisco Bay Area and as a result, a portion of our leased office spaces are no longer in use. Accordingly, we calculated and recorded a liability at the "cease-use" date related to those operating leases based on the difference between the present value of the estimated future sublease rental income and the present value of our remaining lease obligations, adjusted for the effects of any prepaid or deferred items. We recorded a facility exit charge of approximately $8.6 million to "General and administrative" expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations associated with the recognition of the liability. The short-term portion of the liability is recorded in "Accrued expenses and other liabilities" and the long-term portion of the liability is recorded in "Other liabilities, non-current," on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of April 30, 2017 , the remaining "cease-use" liability was $8.2 million .

Legal Proceedings
 
We are subject to certain routine legal and regulatory proceedings, as well as demands and claims that arise in the normal course of our business. We make a provision for a liability relating to legal matters when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. These provisions are reviewed at least quarterly and adjusted to reflect the impact of negotiations, estimated settlements, legal rulings, advice of legal counsel and other information and events pertaining to a particular matter. In our opinion, resolution of any pending claims (either individually or in the aggregate) is not expected to have a material adverse impact on our condensed consolidated results of operations, cash flows or financial position, nor is it possible to provide an estimated amount of any such loss. However, depending on the nature and timing of any such dispute, an unfavorable resolution of a matter could materially affect our future results of operations or cash flows, or both, in a particular quarter.

Indemnification Arrangements
 
During the ordinary course of business, we may indemnify, hold harmless and agree to reimburse for losses suffered or incurred, our customers, vendors and each of their affiliates for certain intellectual property infringement and other claims by third parties with respect to our offerings, in connection with our commercial license arrangements or related to general business dealings with those parties.

As permitted under Delaware law, we have entered into indemnification agreements with our officers, directors and certain employees, indemnifying them for certain events or occurrences while they serve as our officers or directors or those of our direct and indirect subsidiaries.
 
To date, there have not been any costs incurred in connection with such indemnification obligations; therefore, there is no accrual of such amounts at April 30, 2017 . We are unable to estimate the maximum potential impact of these indemnifications on our future results of operations.

(4)  Property and Equipment
 
Property and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization. These assets are depreciated and amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives. Property and equipment consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
 
As of
 
 
April 30, 2017
 
January 31, 2017
Computer equipment and software
 
$
64,275

 
$
59,396

Furniture and fixtures
 
16,358

 
16,194

Leasehold and building improvements
 
58,900

 
58,569

Building (1)
 
82,250

 
82,250

 
 
221,783

 
216,409

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
(56,427
)
 
(50,014
)
Property and equipment, net
 
$
165,356

 
$
166,395

 _________________________ 
(1) This relates to the capitalization of construction costs in connection with our financing lease obligation, where we are considered the owner of the asset, for accounting purposes only. There is a corresponding long-term liability for this obligation

10


on our condensed consolidated balance sheets under “Other liabilities, non-current.” Refer to Note 3 “Commitments and Contingencies” for details.

Depreciation and amortization expense on Property and Equipment, net was $6.4 million and $3.3 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively.

(5)  Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Goodwill

As of  April 30, 2017 , we had goodwill of  $124.6 million . There were no impairments to goodwill during the three months ended April 30, 2017 or during previous periods.

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets subject to amortization realized from acquisitions as of April 30, 2017 are as follows (in thousands, except useful life):
 
 
Gross Fair Value
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Book Value
 
Weighted Average Remaining Useful Life
(months)
Developed technology
 
$
59,370

 
$
(25,869
)
 
$
33,501

 
47
Customer relationships
 
1,810

 
(1,736
)
 
74

 
14
Other acquired intangible assets
 
1,180

 
(1,033
)
 
147

 
14
Total intangible assets subject to amortization
 
$
62,360

 
$
(28,638
)
 
$
33,722

 
 

Additionally, we obtained  $1.3 million  of in-process research and development from a prior period acquisition, which has an indefinite useful life. We will assess the carrying value and useful life of the asset once the associated research and development efforts are completed.

Amortization expense from acquired intangible assets was $ 2.7 million and $3.1 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively.
    
The expected future amortization expense for acquired intangible assets as of April 30, 2017 is as follows (in thousands):
Fiscal Period:
 
 
Remaining nine months of fiscal 2018
 
$
7,598

Fiscal 2019
 
8,040

Fiscal 2020
 
7,625

Fiscal 2021
 
7,383

Fiscal 2022
 
3,076

Total amortization expense
 
$
33,722


(6)  Debt Financing Facilities

On May 9, 2013 we entered into a Loan Agreement with Silicon Valley Bank, which was most recently amended in May 2017. As amended, the agreement provides for a revolving line of credit facility, which expires May 9, 2018. Under the agreement, we are able to borrow up to $25 million . Interest on any drawdown under the revolving line of credit accrues either at the prime rate ( 4.00% in April 2017) or the LIBOR rate plus 2.75% . As of April 30, 2017 , we had no balance outstanding under this agreement. The agreement contains customary financial covenants and other affirmative and negative covenants. We were in compliance with all covenants as of April 30, 2017 .


11


(7)  Stock Compensation Plans
 
The following table summarizes the stock option, restricted stock unit (“RSU”) and performance unit (“PSU”) award activity during the three months ended April 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
Options Outstanding
 
RSUs and PSUs
Outstanding
 
 
Shares Available
for Grant
 
Shares
 
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Per Share
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value  (1)
 
Shares
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in years)
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Balances as of January 31, 2017
 
10,401,789

 
2,057,894

 
$
4.67

 
3.28
 
$
109,571

 
13,924,414

Additional shares authorized
 
6,858,474

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Options exercised
 


 
(319,403
)
 
4.65

 

 


 


Options forfeited and expired
 
4,563

 
(4,563
)
 
67.68

 

 


 


RSUs and PSUs granted
 
(1,046,693
)
 


 


 

 


 
1,046,693

RSUs and PSUs vested
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,383,677
)
Shares withheld related to net share settlement of RSUs and PSUs
 
532,743

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


RSUs and PSUs forfeited and canceled
 
592,672

 


 


 

 


 
(592,672
)
Balances as of April 30, 2017
 
17,343,548

 
1,733,928

 
$
4.50

 
3.00
 
$
103,699

 
12,994,758

Vested and expected to vest
 
 
 
1,733,852

 
$
4.50

 
3.00
 
$
103,695

 
12,634,909

Exercisable as of April 30, 2017
 
 
 
1,702,746

 
$
4.56

 
2.92
 
$
101,735

 
 
 _________________________ 
(1) The intrinsic value is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the underlying stock option award and the closing market price of our common stock as of April 30, 2017 .

Beginning in fiscal 2016, we granted PSUs to certain executives under our 2012 Equity Incentive Plan. The number of PSUs earned and eligible to vest will be determined after a one-year performance period, based on achievement of certain company financial performance measures and the recipient's continued service with us. The number of shares of our stock to be received at vesting can range from 0% to 200% of the target amount. Compensation expense for PSUs is measured using the fair value at the date of grant and recorded over the vesting period under the graded-vesting attribution method, and may be adjusted over the vesting period based on interim estimates of performance against the pre-set objectives.

At April 30, 2017 , total unrecognized compensation cost related to these stock options was $1.8 million , adjusted for estimated forfeitures, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.3 years . At April 30, 2017 , total unrecognized compensation cost was $555.1 million related to RSUs, adjusted for estimated forfeitures, which is expected to be recognized over the next 2.6 years . At April 30, 2017 , total unrecognized compensation cost was $30.8 million related to PSUs, adjusted for estimated forfeitures, which is expected to be recognized over the next 3.1 years . Additionally, during fiscal 2016, we issued 671,782 restricted shares of our common stock (“RSAs”) and at April 30, 2017 , total unrecognized compensation cost was $4.2 million related to RSAs, adjusted for estimated forfeitures, which is expected to be recognized over the next 1.7 years . At April 30, 2017 , 411,202 RSAs were vested, 186,003 RSAs were forfeited and canceled and 74,577 RSAs were outstanding.
 
The total intrinsic value of options exercised during the three months ended April 30, 2017 was $18.3 million . The weighted-average grant date fair value of RSUs granted was $60.98 per share for the three months ended April 30, 2017 . The weighted-average grant date fair value of PSUs granted was $60.25 per share for the three months ended April 30, 2017 . The weighted-average grant date fair value of RSAs granted was $69.00 per share during fiscal 2016. No RSAs were granted during the three months ended April 30, 2017 .

(8)  Geographic Information
 
Revenues


12


Revenues by geography are based on the shipping address of the customer. The following table presents our revenues by geographic region for the periods presented (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
2017

2016
United States
 
$
182,212

 
$
137,805

International
 
60,236

 
48,147

Total revenues
 
$
242,448

 
$
185,952

 
Other than the United States, no other individual country exceeded 10% of total revenues during any of the periods presented. One channel partner represented 27% and 23% of total revenues during the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively. A second channel partner represented approximately 16% and 14% of total revenues during the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively. The revenues from these channel partners are comprised of a number of customer transactions, none of which were individually greater than 10% of total revenues for the three months ended April 30, 2017 or 2016 .

At April 30, 2017 , one channel partner represented 31% and a second channel partner represented 15% of total accounts receivable. At January 31, 2017 , one channel partner represented 30% of total accounts receivable.

Property and Equipment

The following table presents our property and equipment by geographic region for the periods presented (in thousands):
 
 
As of
 
 
April 30, 2017
 
January 31, 2017
United States
 
$
158,741

 
$
159,428

International
 
6,615

 
6,967

Total property and equipment, net
 
$
165,356

 
$
166,395


Other than the United States, no other country represented 10% or more of our total property and equipment as of April 30, 2017 or January 31, 2017 .

(9)  Income Taxes
 
For the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , we recorded $1.3 million and $1.2 million in income tax expense, respectively. The increase in income tax expense was primarily due to an increase in taxable income in our international jurisdictions.

During the three months ended April 30, 2017 , there were no material changes to our unrecognized tax benefits, and we do not expect to have any significant changes to unrecognized tax benefits through the end of the fiscal year. Because of our history of tax losses, all years remain open to tax audit.

(10)  Net Loss Per Share
 
Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period, less the weighted-average unvested common stock subject to repurchase or forfeiture. Diluted net loss per share is computed by giving effect to all potential shares of common stock, including preferred stock, stock options, RSUs, PSUs and RSAs to the extent dilutive.
 
The following table sets forth the computation of historical basic and diluted net loss per share (in thousands, except per share data):

13


 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Numerator:
 
 

 
 

Net loss
 
$
(99,931
)
 
$
(100,896
)
Denominator:
 
 

 
 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding
 
137,861

 
132,101

Less: Weighted-average unvested common shares subject to repurchase or forfeiture
 
(76
)
 
(607
)
Weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share, basic and diluted
 
137,785

 
131,494

Net loss per share, basic and diluted
 
$
(0.73
)
 
$
(0.77
)
 
Since we were in a net loss position for all periods presented, basic net loss per share is the same as diluted net loss per share for all periods as the inclusion of all potentially dilutive securities outstanding would have been anti-dilutive. Potentially dilutive securities that were not included in the diluted per share calculations because they would be anti-dilutive were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
As of April 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Shares subject to outstanding common stock options
 
1,734

 
3,345

Shares subject to outstanding RSUs, PSUs and RSAs
 
13,069

 
15,327

Employee stock purchase plan
 
718

 
606

Total
 
15,521

 
19,278

 
(11)  Related Party Transactions
 
Certain members of our board of directors (“Board”) serve on the board of directors of and/or are executive officers of, and, in some cases, are investors in, companies that are customers or vendors of ours. Certain of our executive officers also serve on the board of directors of companies that are customers or vendors of ours. All contracts with related parties are executed in the ordinary course of business. We recognized revenues from sales to these companies of $2.8 million and $1.2 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively. We recorded $0.2 million and $0.1 million in expenses related to purchases from these companies during the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively. We had $3.3 million and $1.9 million of accounts receivable from these companies as of April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017 , respectively. There were no accounts payable to these companies as of April 30, 2017 or January 31, 2017 .
 
(12)  Subsequent Event
 
On May 15, 2017, we acquired a privately-held company which develops technology for search-driven analytics on enterprise data for  $17.3 million  in cash. The acquisition will be accounted for as a business combination and, accordingly, the total purchase price will be allocated to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and the liabilities assumed based on their respective fair values on the acquisition date. We have not yet determined the purchase price allocation for the transaction.

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, as well as assumptions that, if they never materialize or prove incorrect, could cause our results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Statements that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements are often identified by the use of words such as, but not limited to, “anticipate,” “believe,” “can,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions or variations intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements include, but are not limited to, statements concerning our market opportunity, our future financial and operating results; our planned investments, particularly in our product development efforts; our planned expansion of our sales and marketing organization; our expectation that we will continue to use acquisitions to contribute to our growth objectives; our growth and product integration strategies; our continued efforts to market and sell both domestically and internationally; our expectations about seasonal trends; our expectations regarding our revenues mix; our

14


expectations regarding our cost of revenues and gross margin; use of non-GAAP (as defined below) financial measures; our expectations regarding our operating expenses, including increases in research and development, sales and marketing, and general and administrative expenses; our expectations regarding our capital expenditures; sufficiency of cash to meet cash needs for at least the next 12 months; exposure to interest rate changes; inflation; anticipated income tax rates; our expectations regarding our leases; exposure to exchange rate fluctuations and our ability to manage such exposure; and our expected cash flows and liquidity.

These statements are based on the beliefs and assumptions of our management based on information currently available to us. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause actual results and the timing of certain events to differ materially from future results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those identified below, and those discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” included under Part II, Item 1A below. Furthermore, such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that occur after the date of this report.

Overview

Splunk provides innovative software solutions that enable organizations to gain real-time operational intelligence by harnessing the value of their data. Our offerings enable users to collect, index, search, explore, monitor, correlate and analyze data regardless of format or source. Our offerings address large and diverse data sets commonly referred to as big data and are specifically tailored for machine data. Machine data is produced by nearly every software application and electronic device in an organization and contains a definitive, time-stamped record of various activities, such as transactions, customer and user activities, and security threats. Beyond an organization's traditional information technology (“IT”) and security infrastructure, data from the industrial internet, including industrial control systems, sensors, SCADA systems, networks, manufacturing systems, smart meters and Internet-of-Things ("IoT"), which includes consumer-oriented systems, such as electronic wearables, mobile devices, automobiles and medical devices, are also continuously generating machine data. Our offerings help organizations gain value from all of these different sources and forms of machine data.

We believe the market for products that provide operational intelligence presents a substantial opportunity as data grows in volume and diversity, creating new risks, opportunities and challenges for organizations. Since our inception, we have invested a substantial amount of resources developing our offerings to address this market, specifically with respect to machine data.
 
Our offerings are designed to deliver rapid return-on-investment for our customers. They generally do not require customization, long deployment cycles or extensive professional services commonly associated with traditional enterprise software applications. Prospective users can get started with our free online sandboxes that enable our customers to immediately try and experience Splunk offerings. Users that prefer to deploy the software on-premises can take advantage of our free 60-day trial of Splunk Enterprise, which converts into a limited free perpetual license of up to 500 megabytes of data per day. Paying users can sign up for Splunk Cloud and avoid the need to provision, deploy and manage internal infrastructure. Alternatively, they can simply download and install the software, typically in a matter of hours, to connect to their relevant machine data sources. Customers can also provision a compute instance on Amazon Web Services via a pre-built Amazon Machine Image, which delivers a pre-configured virtual machine instance with our Splunk Enterprise software. In fiscal 2017, we introduced free development-test licenses for certain commercial customers, allowing users to explore new data and use cases in a non-production environment without incurring additional fees. We also offer support, training and professional services to our customers to assist in the deployment of our software.

For Splunk Enterprise, we base our license fees on the estimated daily data indexing capacity our customers require. A substantial portion of our license revenues consist of revenues from perpetual licenses, whereby we generally recognize the license fee portion of these arrangements upfront. As a result, the timing of when we enter into large perpetual licenses may lead to fluctuations in our revenues and operating results because our expenses are largely fixed in the short-term. Additionally, we license our software under term licenses, which are generally recognized ratably over the contract term. From time to time, we also enter into transactions that are designed to enable broad adoption of our software within an enterprise, referred to as enterprise adoption agreements. These agreements often include provisions that require revenue deferral and recognition over time.

Splunk Cloud delivers the core capabilities of Splunk Enterprise as a scalable, reliable cloud service. Splunk Cloud customers pay an annual subscription fee based on the combination of the volume of data indexed per day and the length of the data retention period. Splunk Light provides log search and analysis that is designed, priced and packaged for small IT environments, where a single-server log analytics solution is sufficient. Splunk Enterprise Security addresses emerging security

15


threats and SIEM use cases through monitoring, alerts and analytics. Splunk IT Service Intelligence monitors the health and key performance indicators of critical IT and business services. Splunk User Behavior Analytics detects cyber-attacks and insider threats using data science, machine learning and advanced correlation.

We intend to continue investing for long-term growth. We have invested and intend to continue to invest heavily in product development to deliver additional features and performance enhancements, deployment models and solutions that can address new end markets. For example, we released new versions of existing offerings such as Splunk Enterprise and introduced new offerings for the security and IT markets during fiscal 2017. In addition, we expect to continue to aggressively expand our sales and marketing organizations to market and sell our software both in the United States and internationally. We have utilized and expect to continue to utilize acquisitions to contribute to our long-term growth objectives.
 
Our goal is to make our software the platform for delivering operational intelligence and real-time business insights from machine data. The key elements of our growth strategy are to:
 
Extend our technological capabilities.

Continue to expand our direct and indirect sales organization, including our channel relationships, to increase our sales capacity and enable greater market presence.

Further penetrate our existing customer base and drive enterprise-wide adoption.

Enhance our value proposition through a focus on solutions which address core and expanded use cases.

Grow our user communities and partner ecosystem to increase awareness of our brand, target new use cases, drive operational leverage and deliver more targeted, higher value solutions.

Continue to deliver a rich developer environment to enable rapid development of enterprise applications that leverage machine data and the Splunk platform.
 
We believe the factors that will influence our ability to achieve our goals include, among other things, our ability to deliver new offerings as well as additional product functionality; acquire new customers across geographies and industries; cultivate incremental sales from our existing customers by driving increased use of our software within organizations; provide additional solutions that leverage our core machine data platform to help organizations understand and realize the value of their machine data in specific end markets and use cases; add additional OEM and strategic relationships to enable new sales channels for our software as well as extend our integration with third-party products; help software developers leverage the functionality of our machine data platform through software development kits ("SDKs") and application programming interfaces ("APIs"); and successfully integrate acquired businesses and technologies.

Financial Summary

For the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , our total revenues were $242.4 million and $186.0 million , respectively. For the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , approximately 25% and 26% of our total revenues, respectively, were derived from customers located outside the United States. Our customers and end-users represent the public sector and a wide variety of industries, including financial services, manufacturing, retail and technology, among others. As of April 30, 2017 , we had over 13,000 customers, including over 85 of the Fortune 100 companies.

For the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , our GAAP operating loss was $97.5 million and $98.1 million , respectively. Our non-GAAP operating loss was $2.8 million and $1.4 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively.

For the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , our GAAP net loss was $99.9 million and $100.9 million , respectively. Our non-GAAP net loss was $1.3 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively.

Our quarterly results reflect seasonality in the sale of our offerings. Historically, a pattern of increased license sales in the fourth fiscal quarter as a result of industry buying patterns has positively impacted sales activity in that period, which can result in lower sequential revenues in the following first fiscal quarter. Our gross margins and operating losses have been affected by these historical trends because the majority of our expenses are relatively fixed in the short-term. The majority of our expenses are personnel-related and include salaries, stock-based compensation, benefits and incentive-based compensation

16


plan expenses. As a result, we have not experienced significant seasonal fluctuations in the timing of expenses from period to period.

Non-GAAP Financial Results
 
To supplement our condensed consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, we provide investors with certain non-GAAP financial measures, including non-GAAP cost of revenues, non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP research and development expense, non-GAAP sales and marketing expense, non-GAAP general and administrative expense, non-GAAP operating income (loss), non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP net income (loss) and non-GAAP net income (loss) per share (collectively the “non-GAAP financial measures”). These non-GAAP financial measures exclude all or a combination of the following (as reflected in the following reconciliation tables): stock-based compensation expense, employer payroll tax expense related to employee stock plans, amortization of acquired intangible assets, acquisition-related costs, adjustments related to a financing lease obligation, the partial release of the valuation allowance due to acquisition and facility exit costs. The adjustments for the financing lease obligation are to reflect the expense we would have recorded if our build-to-suit lease arrangement had been deemed an operating lease instead of a financing lease and is calculated as the net of actual ground lease expense, depreciation and interest expense over estimated straight-line rent expense. The non-GAAP financial measures are adjusted for our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income (loss). To determine the annual non-GAAP tax rate, we evaluate a financial projection based on our non-GAAP results. The annual non-GAAP tax rate takes into account other factors including our current operating structure, our existing tax positions in various jurisdictions and key legislation in major jurisdictions where we operate. The annual non-GAAP tax rate applied to the three months ended April 30, 2017 was 27%. We will utilize this annual non-GAAP tax rate in fiscal 2018 and will provide updates to this rate on an annual basis, or more frequently if material changes occur. In addition, non-GAAP financial measures include free cash flow, which represents cash from operations less purchases of property and equipment, and billings, which represents revenues plus the change in deferred revenue during the period. The presentation of the non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. We use these non-GAAP financial measures for financial and operational decision-making purposes and as a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons. We believe that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information about our operating results, enhance the overall understanding of past financial performance and future prospects and allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in our financial and operational decision making. In addition, these non-GAAP financial measures facilitate comparisons to competitors’ operating results.

We exclude stock-based compensation expense because it is non-cash in nature and excluding this expense provides meaningful supplemental information regarding our operational performance and allows investors the ability to make more meaningful comparisons between our operating results and those of other companies. We exclude employer payroll tax expense related to employee stock plans in order for investors to see the full effect that excluding that stock-based compensation expense had on our operating results. These expenses are tied to the exercise or vesting of underlying equity awards and the price of our common stock at the time of vesting or exercise, which may vary from period to period independent of the operating performance of our business. We also exclude amortization of acquired intangible assets, acquisition-related costs, the partial release of the valuation allowance due to acquisition, facility exit costs, and make adjustments related to a financing lease obligation from our non-GAAP financial measures because these are considered by management to be outside of our core operating results. Accordingly, we believe that excluding these expenses provides investors and management with greater visibility to the underlying performance of our business operations, facilitates comparison of our results with other periods and may also facilitate comparison with the results of other companies in our industry. We consider free cash flow to be a liquidity measure that provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash generated by the business that can be used for strategic opportunities, including investing in our business, making strategic acquisitions and strengthening our balance sheet. We consider billings to be a useful measure for management and investors because it provides visibility into our sales activity for a particular period, which is not necessarily reflected in our revenues given that we recognize term licenses and subscriptions for cloud services ratably.

There are limitations in using non-GAAP financial measures because the non-GAAP financial measures are not prepared in accordance with GAAP, may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by our competitors and exclude expenses that may have a material impact upon our reported financial results. Further, stock-based compensation expense has been and will continue to be for the foreseeable future a significant recurring expense in our business and an important part of the compensation provided to our employees. The non-GAAP financial measures are meant to supplement and be viewed in conjunction with GAAP financial measures.

The following table reconciles our net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow for the three months ended April 30, 2017 , and 2016 (in thousands):

17


 
Three Months Ended
 
April 30,
 
April 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
41,358

 
$
35,689

Less purchases of property and equipment
(5,605
)
 
(3,709
)
Free cash flow (non-GAAP)
$
35,753

 
$
31,980

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
$
34,987

 
$
(13,376
)
Net cash used in financing activities
$
(31,292
)
 
$
(19,375
)

The following table reconciles our GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures for the three months ended April 30, 2017 (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
 
GAAP
 
Stock-based compensation
 
Employer payroll tax on employee stock plans
 
 Amortization of acquired intangible assets
 
Adjustments related to financing lease obligation
 
Income tax effects related to non-GAAP adjustments (3)
 
Non-GAAP
Cost of revenues
 
$
58,163

 
$
(8,192
)
 
$
(441
)
 
$
(2,649
)
 
$
306

 
$

 
$
47,187

Gross Margin
 
76.0
 %
 
3.3
%
 
0.2
%
 
1.1
%
 
(0.1
)%
 
%
 
80.5
 %
Research and development
 
71,298

 
(26,797
)
 
(1,251
)
 
(28
)
 
531

 

 
43,753

Sales and marketing
 
173,948

 
(40,643
)
 
(1,772
)
 
(16
)
 
1,170

 

 
132,687

General and administrative
 
36,496

 
(14,423
)
 
(677
)
 

 
237

 

 
21,633

Operating loss
 
(97,457
)
 
90,055

 
4,141

 
2,693

 
(2,244
)
 

 
(2,812
)
Operating margin
 
(40.2
)%
 
37.1
%
 
1.7
%
 
1.1
%
 
(0.9
)%
 
%
 
(1.2
)%
Income tax provision (benefit)
 
1,338

 

 

 

 

 
(1,833
)
 
(495
)
Net loss
 
$
(99,931
)
 
$
90,055

 
$
4,141

 
$
2,693

 
$
(130
)
(2  
)  
$
1,833

 
$
(1,339
)
Net loss per share (1)
 
$
(0.73
)
 
$
0.66

 
$
0.03

 
$
0.02

 
$

 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.01
)
_________________________
(1) Calculated based on 137,785 basic and diluted weighted-average shares of common stock.
(2) Includes $2.1 million of interest expense related to the financing lease obligation.
(3) Represents the tax effect of the non-GAAP adjustments based on the estimated annual effective tax rate of 27%. Application of this annual effective tax rate to the non-GAAP pre-tax loss during the quarter resulted in a non-GAAP tax benefit, which is expected to be offset by future tax expense.

The following table reconciles our GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures for the three months ended April 30, 2016 (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
 
GAAP
 
Stock-based compensation
 
Employer payroll tax on employee stock plans
 
 Amortization of acquired intangible assets
 
Adjustments related to financing lease obligation
 
Income tax effects related to non-GAAP adjustments (3)
 
Non-GAAP
Cost of revenues
 
$
39,500

 
$
(7,555
)
 
$
(262
)
 
$
(2,912
)
 
$
26

 
$

 
$
28,797

Gross Margin
 
78.8
 %
 
4.0
%
 
0.1
%
 
1.6
%
 
 %
 
%
 
84.5
 %
Research and development
 
67,371

 
(29,206
)
 
(756
)
 
(71
)
 
58

 

 
37,396

Sales and marketing
 
145,151

 
(40,233
)
 
(1,026
)
 
(151
)
 
118

 

 
103,859

General and administrative
 
32,073

 
(14,376
)
 
(441
)
 

 
26

 

 
17,282

Operating loss
 
(98,143
)
 
91,370

 
2,485

 
3,134

 
(228
)
 

 
(1,382
)
Operating margin
 
(52.8
)%
 
49.2
%
 
1.3
%
 
1.7
%
 
(0.1
)%
 
%
 
(0.7
)%
Income tax provision (benefit)
 
1,225

 

 

 

 

 
(1,523
)
 
(298
)
Net loss
 
$
(100,896
)
 
$
91,370

 
$
2,485

 
$
3,134

 
$
1,263

(2)  
$
1,523

 
$
(1,121
)
Net loss per share (1)
 
$
(0.77
)
 
$
0.70

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.01

 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.01
)

18


_________________________
(1) Calculated based on 131,494 basic and diluted weighted-average shares of common stock.
(2) Includes $1.5 million of interest expense related to the financing lease obligation.
(3) For consistency, prior year non-GAAP net loss has been adjusted to reflect the tax effect of the non-GAAP adjustments based on the annual effective tax rate of 21%. Application of this annual effective tax rate to the non-GAAP pre-tax loss during the quarter resulted in a non-GAAP tax benefit, which is offset by future tax expense.

The following table reconciles our total revenues to billings for the three months ended April 30, 2017 , and 2016 (in thousands, except per share amounts).
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
April 30,
 
April 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Total revenues
 
$
242,448

 
$
185,952

Increase in deferred revenue
 
333

 
1,274

Billings (non-GAAP)
 
$
242,781

 
$
187,226


Components of Operating Results
 
Revenues
 
License revenues.   License revenues reflect the revenues recognized from sales of licenses to new customers and additional licenses to existing customers. We are focused on acquiring new customers and increasing revenues from our existing customers as they realize the value of our software by indexing higher volumes of machine data and expanding the use of our software through additional use cases and broader deployment within their organizations. A majority of our license revenues consists of revenues from perpetual licenses, under which we generally recognize the license fee portion of the arrangement upfront, assuming all revenue recognition criteria are satisfied. Customers can also purchase term license agreements, under which we recognize the license fee ratably, on a straight-line basis, over the term of the license. Due to the differing revenue recognition policies, shifts in the mix between transactions that are recognized upfront and those that are recognized ratably from quarter to quarter could produce substantial variation in revenues recognized even if our sales remain consistent. In addition, seasonal trends that contribute to increased sales activity in the fourth fiscal quarter often result in lower sequential revenues in the first fiscal quarter, and we expect this trend to continue. Comparing our revenues on a period-to-period basis may not be meaningful, and you should not rely on our past results as an indication of our future performance.
 
Maintenance and services revenues.   Maintenance and services revenues consist of revenues from maintenance agreements and, to a lesser extent, professional services and training, as well as revenues from our cloud services. Typically, when purchasing a perpetual license, a customer also purchases one year of maintenance service for which we charge a percentage of the license fee. When a term license is purchased, maintenance service is typically bundled with the license for the term of the license period. Customers with maintenance agreements are entitled to receive support and unspecified upgrades and enhancements when and if they become available during the maintenance period. We recognize the revenues associated with maintenance agreements ratably, on a straight-line basis, over the associated maintenance period. In arrangements involving a term license, we recognize both the license and maintenance revenues over the contract period. We have a professional services organization focused on helping our customers deploy our software in highly complex operational environments and train their personnel. We recognize the revenues associated with these professional services on a time and materials basis as we deliver the services or provide the training. We expect maintenance and services revenues to become a larger percentage of our total revenues as our installed customer base grows. We generally recognize the revenues associated with our cloud services ratably, on a straight-line basis, over the associated subscription term.

Professional services and training revenues, as a percentage of total revenues, were 11% and 9% for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively. We have experienced continued growth in our professional services revenues primarily due to the deployment of our software with some customers that have large, highly complex IT environments.
 
Cost of Revenues
 
Cost of license revenues.   Cost of license revenues includes all direct costs to deliver our products, including salaries, benefits, stock-based compensation and related expenses such as employer taxes, allocated overhead for facilities and IT and amortization of acquired intangible assets. We recognize these expenses as they are incurred.

19



Cost of maintenance and services revenues.   Cost of maintenance and services revenues includes salaries, benefits, stock-based compensation and related expenses such as employer taxes for our maintenance and services organization, allocated overhead for depreciation of equipment, facilities and IT, amortization of acquired intangible assets and third-party hosting fees related to our cloud services. We recognize expenses related to our maintenance and services organization as they are incurred.
 
Operating Expenses

Our operating expenses are classified into three categories: research and development, sales and marketing and general and administrative. For each category, the largest component is personnel costs, which include salaries, employee benefit costs, bonuses, commissions as applicable, stock-based compensation and related expenses such as employer taxes. Operating expenses also include allocated overhead costs for depreciation of equipment, facilities and IT. Allocated costs for facilities include costs for compensation of our facilities personnel, leasehold improvements and rent. Our allocated costs for IT include costs for compensation of our IT personnel and costs associated with our IT infrastructure. Operating expenses are generally recognized as incurred.
 
Research and development.   Research and development expenses primarily consist of personnel and facility-related costs attributable to our research and development personnel. We have devoted our product development efforts primarily to enhancing the functionality and expanding the capabilities of our software and services. We expect that our research and development expenses will continue to increase, in absolute dollars, as we increase our research and development headcount to further strengthen and enhance our software and services and invest in the development of our solutions and apps.

Sales and marketing.   Sales and marketing expenses primarily consist of personnel and facility-related costs for our sales, marketing and business development personnel, commissions earned by our sales personnel, and the cost of marketing and business development programs. We expect that sales and marketing expenses will continue to increase, in absolute dollars, as we continue to hire additional personnel and invest in marketing programs.
 
General and administrative.   General and administrative expenses primarily consist of personnel and facility-related costs for our executive, finance, legal, human resources and administrative personnel; our legal, accounting and other professional services fees; and other corporate expenses. We anticipate continuing to incur additional expenses due to growing our operations, including higher legal, corporate insurance and accounting expenses.

Interest and other income (expense), net
 
Interest and other income (expense), net consists primarily of foreign exchange gains and losses, interest income on our investments and cash and cash equivalents balances, and changes in the fair value of forward exchange contracts.
 
Provision for income taxes

The provision for income taxes consists of federal, state and foreign income taxes. We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which we expect the differences to reverse.  We record a valuation allowance to reduce the deferred tax assets to the amount that we are more-likely-than-not to realize.  Because of our history of U.S. net operating losses, we have established, in prior years, a full valuation allowance against potential future benefits for U.S. deferred tax assets including loss carry-forwards and research and development and other tax credits.  We regularly assess the likelihood that our deferred income tax assets will be realized based on the realization guidance available. To the extent that we believe any amounts are not more-likely-than-not to be realized, we record a valuation allowance to reduce the deferred income tax assets. We regularly assess the need for the valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets, and to the extent that we determine that an adjustment is needed, such adjustment will be recorded in the period that the determination is made.


20


Results of Operations
 
The following tables set forth our results of operations for the periods presented and as a percentage of our total revenues for those periods. The period-to-period comparison of financial results is not necessarily indicative of financial results to be achieved in future periods.
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
(in thousands)
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations Data:
 
 

 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
License
 
$
116,726

 
$
100,992

Maintenance and services
 
125,722

 
84,960

Total revenues
 
242,448

 
185,952

Cost of revenues
 
 
 
 

License
 
2,928

 
2,962

Maintenance and services
 
55,235

 
36,538

Total cost of revenues
 
58,163

 
39,500

Gross profit
 
184,285

 
146,452

Operating expenses
 
 

 
 

Research and development
 
71,298

 
67,371

Sales and marketing
 
173,948

 
145,151

General and administrative
 
36,496

 
32,073

Total operating expenses
 
281,742

 
244,595

Operating loss
 
(97,457
)
 
(98,143
)
Interest and other income (expense), net
 
 
 
 
Interest income (expense), net
 
(528
)
 
(403
)
Other income (expense), net
 
(608
)
 
(1,125
)
Total interest and other income (expense), net
 
(1,136
)
 
(1,528
)
Loss before income taxes
 
(98,593
)
 
(99,671
)
Income tax provision
 
1,338

 
1,225

Net loss
 
$
(99,931
)
 
$
(100,896
)


21


 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
(as % of revenues)
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations Data:
 
 

 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
License
 
48.1
 %
 
54.3
 %
Maintenance and services
 
51.9

 
45.7

Total revenues
 
100.0

 
100.0

Cost of revenues
 
 
 
 
License (1)
 
2.5

 
2.9

Maintenance and services  (1)
 
43.9

 
43.0

Total cost of revenues
 
24.0

 
21.2

Gross profit
 
76.0

 
78.8

Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
Research and development
 
29.4

 
36.2

Sales and marketing
 
71.7

 
78.1

General and administrative
 
15.1

 
17.3

Total operating expenses
 
116.2

 
131.6

Operating loss
 
(40.2
)
 
(52.8
)
Interest and other income (expense), net
 
 
 
 
Interest income (expense), net
 
(0.2
)
 
(0.2
)
Other income (expense), net
 
(0.2
)
 
(0.6
)
Total interest and other income (expense), net
 
(0.4
)
 
(0.8
)
Loss before income taxes
 
(40.6
)
 
(53.6
)
Income tax provision
 
0.6

 
0.7

Net loss
 
(41.2
)%
 
(54.3
)%
 _________________________ 
(1) Calculated as a percentage of the associated revenues.

Comparison of the Three Months Ended April 30, 2017 and 2016
 
Revenues
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
% Change
 
 
($ amounts in thousands)
 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 

 
 

License
 
$
116,726

 
$
100,992

 
15.6
%
Maintenance and services
 
125,722

 
84,960

 
48.0
%
Total revenues
 
$
242,448

 
$
185,952

 
30.4
%
Percentage of revenues
 
 

 
 
 
 

License
 
48.1
%
 
54.3
%
 
 
Maintenance and services
 
51.9

 
45.7

 
 
Total
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
 
 
 
The increase in license revenues of $15.7 million was primarily driven by increases in our total number of customers, sales to existing customers and the number of large orders. For example, we had 358 and 226 orders greater than $100,000 for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively. Our total number of customers increased from approximately 11,000 at April 30, 2016 to more than 13,000 at April 30, 2017 . The increase in maintenance and services revenues of $40.8 million was due to increases in sales of maintenance agreements and sales of professional services resulting from the growth of our installed customer base, as well as increases in sales of our cloud services.

22



Cost of Revenues and Gross Margin
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
% Change
 
 
($ amounts in thousands)
 
 
Cost of revenues (1)
 
 

 
 

 
 

License
 
$
2,928

 
$
2,962

 
(1.1
)%
Maintenance and services
 
55,235

 
36,538

 
51.2
 %
Total cost of revenues
 
$
58,163

 
$
39,500

 
47.2
 %
Gross margin
 
 
 

 
 
License
 
97.5
%
 
97.1
%
 
 
Maintenance and services
 
56.1
%
 
57.0
%
 
 

Total gross margin
 
76.0
%
 
78.8
%
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1)  Includes stock-based compensation expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of revenues
 
$
8,192

 
$
7,555

 
 

Total cost of revenues increased due to a $18.7 million increase in cost of maintenance and services revenues. The increase in cost of maintenance and services revenues was primarily related to an increase of $9.9 million related to third-party hosting fees to support our cloud services and a $5.4 million increase in salaries and benefits expense due to increased headcount. We also had a $2.5 million increase in expenses related to third-party consulting services. Total gross margin decreased primarily due to maintenance and services revenues being a greater percentage of the overall revenue mix.

Operating Expenses
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
% Change
 
 
($ amounts in thousands)
 
 
Operating expenses  (1)
 
 

 
 

 
 

Research and development
 
$
71,298

 
$
67,371

 
5.8
%
Sales and marketing
 
173,948

 
145,151

 
19.8
%
General and administrative
 
36,496

 
32,073

 
13.8
%
Total operating expenses
 
$
281,742

 
$
244,595

 
15.2
%
Percentage of revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
 
29.4
%
 
36.2
%
 
 
Sales and marketing
 
71.7

 
78.1

 
 
General and administrative
 
15.1

 
17.3

 
 
Total
 
116.2
%
 
131.6
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1)  Includes stock-based compensation expense:
 
 

Research and development
 
$
26,797

 
$
29,206

 
 

Sales and marketing
 
40,643

 
40,233

 
 

General and administrative
 
14,423

 
14,376

 
 

Total stock-based compensation expense
 
$
81,863

 
$
83,815

 
 

 
Research and development expense.  Research and development expense increased $3.9 million primarily due to a $2.9 million increase in salaries and benefits as we increased headcount.
 
Sales and marketing expense.   Sales and marketing expense increased $28.8 million primarily due to a $17.1 million increase in salaries and benefits as we increased headcount to expand our field sales organization. We also had an increase of $4.7 million related to facilities and overhead costs, an increase of $4.2 million related to third-party consulting services and an increase of $2.4 million in other marketing-related expenses.

23



General and administrative expense.   General and administrative expense increased $4.4 million due primarily to an increase of $4.0 million related to salaries and benefits as we increased headcount.

Interest and Other Income (Expense), net
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
2017

2016
 
 
(in thousands)
Interest and other income (expense), net:
 
 
 
 
Interest income (expense), net
 
$
(528
)
 
$
(403
)
Other income (expense), net
 
(608
)
 
(1,125
)
Total interest and other income (expense), net
 
$
(1,136
)
 
$
(1,528
)
 
Interest and other income (expense), net reflects a net decrease primarily due to an increase in interest expense related to our financing lease obligation and foreign exchange losses, partially offset by an increase in interest income from our investments.
 
Income Tax Provision
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
(in thousands)
Income tax provision
 
$
1,338

 
$
1,225

 
For the three months ended April 30, 2017 , we recorded an increase in income tax expense that was primarily due to an increase in taxable income in our international jurisdictions. We recorded income taxes that were principally attributable to foreign and state taxes.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
 
April 30, 2017
 
January 31, 2017
 
 
(in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
466,427

 
$
421,346

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
(in thousands)
Cash provided by operating activities
 
$
41,358

 
$
35,689

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
34,987

 
(13,376
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(31,292
)
 
(19,375
)
 
We fund our operations primarily through cash generated from operations. At April 30, 2017 , our cash and cash equivalents of $466.4 million were held for working capital purposes, a majority of which was invested in money market funds. We intend to continue to focus our capital expenditures in fiscal 2018 to support the growth in our operations and our global facility expansions. We believe that our existing cash and cash equivalents will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for at least the next 12 months. Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors including our growth rate, the timing and extent of spending to support development efforts, the expansion of sales and marketing activities, the introduction of new and enhanced software and services offerings, the continuing market acceptance of our offerings and our planned investments, particularly in our product development efforts or acquisitions of complementary businesses, applications or technologies.

In the event that additional financing is required from outside sources, we may not be able to raise it on terms acceptable to us if at all. If we are unable to raise additional capital when desired, our business, operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.
 

24


Operating Activities
 
Operating activities consist of our net loss adjusted for certain non-cash items and changes in operating assets and liabilities during the year.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $41.4 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017 compared to $35.7 million from the prior year. The increase in net cash provided by operating activities was primarily related to a reduction in payments for accrued payroll and compensation during the three months ended April 30, 2017 as compared to the prior year. This increase was offset by a reduction in accounts receivable collections as compared to the prior year.

Net cash provided by operating activities was  $35.7 million  for the three months ended April 30, 2016  compared to $28.6 million from the prior year. The increase in net cash provided by operating activities was primarily related to improvements in the collections of accounts receivable for the three months ended April 30, 2016 as compared to the prior year. This increase was offset by an increase in payments for accrued payroll and compensation as compared to the prior year.

Investing Activities
 
Net cash provided by investing activities was  $35.0 million  for the three months ended April 30, 2017  compared to net cash used by investing activities of  $13.4 million from the prior year. The increase in cash provided by investing activities was primarily related to an increase of $29.9 million in maturities of investments and a decrease of $20.3 million in the net purchases of investments as compared to the prior year. These inflows were partially offset by an increase of $1.9 million in capital expenditures. 

Net cash used in investing activities was  $13.4 million  for the three months ended April 30, 2016  compared to $8.4 million from the prior year. The increase in cash used in investing activities was primarily related to a decrease of $26.9 million in maturities of investments as compared to the prior year. This outflow was partially offset by a decrease of $17.7 million in the net purchases of investments and a decrease of $2.7 million in capital expenditures.

Financing Activities
 
Net cash used in financing activities was  $31.3 million  for the three months ended April 30, 2017  compared to  $19.4 million  from the prior year. The increase in cash used in financing activities was primarily related to an increase of $10.7 million in taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards.
    
Net cash used in financing activities was  $19.4 million  for the three months ended April 30, 2016  compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $5.8 million from the prior year. The increase in cash used in financing activities was primarily related to an increase of $21.7 million in taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards and a decrease of $3.7 million in proceeds from the exercise of stock options as compared to the prior year.

Loan and Security Agreement

On May 9, 2013 we entered into a Loan Agreement with Silicon Valley Bank, which was most recently amended in May 2017. As amended, the agreement provides for a revolving line of credit facility, which expires on May 9, 2018. Under the agreement, we are able to borrow up to $25 million . Interest on any drawdown under the revolving line of credit accrues either at the prime rate ( 4.00% in April 2017) or the LIBOR rate plus 2.75% . As of April 30, 2017 , we had no balance outstanding under this agreement. The agreement includes restrictive covenants, in each case subject to certain exceptions, that limit our ability to: sell or otherwise dispose of our business or property; change our business, liquidate or dissolve or undergo a change in control; enter into mergers, consolidations and acquisitions; incur indebtedness; create liens; pay dividends or make distributions; make investments; enter into material transactions with affiliates; pay any subordinated debt or amend certain terms thereof; or become an investment company.

In addition, the agreement contains customary financial covenants and other affirmative and negative covenants. We were in compliance with all covenants as of April 30, 2017 .

Operating Lease Commitments and Purchase Obligations
 
We lease our office spaces under non-cancelable leases. Rent expense for our operating leases was $5.3 million and $3.3 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively.


25


On August 24, 2015, we entered into an office lease for approximately 235,000 square feet located at 3098 Olsen Drive, San Jose, California for a term of 129 months. Rent expense for this lease commenced in the third quarter of fiscal 2017. Our total obligation for the base rent is approximately $120.5 million .

Purchase obligations are contractual obligations for purchase of goods or services and are defined as agreements that are enforceable and legally binding and that specify all significant terms, including: fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased; fixed, minimum, or variable price provisions; and the approximate timing of the transaction.

The following summarizes our operating lease commitments and significant purchase obligations as of April 30, 2017 (in thousands):
 
 
Payments Due by Period
 
 
Total